blob: 5d3d67fad2ca3c5d3b446fc14664ea5b044acb23 [file] [log] [blame]
# Copyright 2013 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
"""This module wraps Android's adb tool.
This is a thin wrapper around the adb interface. Any additional complexity
should be delegated to a higher level (ex. DeviceUtils).
"""
import collections
# pylint: disable=import-error
# pylint: disable=no-name-in-module
import distutils.version as du_version
import errno
import logging
import os
import posixpath
import re
import subprocess
import six
from devil import base_error
from devil import devil_env
from devil.android import decorators
from devil.android import device_errors
from devil.utils import cmd_helper
from devil.utils import lazy
from devil.utils import timeout_retry
with devil_env.SysPath(devil_env.DEPENDENCY_MANAGER_PATH):
import dependency_manager # pylint: disable=import-error
logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)
ADB_KEYS_FILE = '/data/misc/adb/adb_keys'
ADB_HOST_KEYS_DIR = os.path.join(os.path.expanduser('~'), '.android')
DEFAULT_TIMEOUT = 30
DEFAULT_LONG_TIMEOUT = DEFAULT_TIMEOUT * 10
DEFAULT_SUPER_LONG_TIMEOUT = DEFAULT_LONG_TIMEOUT * 2
DEFAULT_RETRIES = 2
_ADB_VERSION_RE = re.compile(r'Android Debug Bridge version (\d+\.\d+\.\d+)')
_EMULATOR_RE = re.compile(r'^emulator-[0-9]+$')
_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND_RE = re.compile(r"device '(?P<serial>.+)' not found")
_READY_STATE = 'device'
_VERITY_DISABLE_RE = re.compile(r'(V|v)erity (is )?(already )?disabled'
r'|Successfully disabled verity')
_VERITY_ENABLE_RE = re.compile(r'(V|v)erity (is )?(already )?enabled'
r'|Successfully enabled verity')
_WAITING_FOR_DEVICE_RE = re.compile(r'- waiting for device -')
def VerifyLocalFileExists(path):
"""Verifies a local file exists.
Args:
path: Path to the local file.
Raises:
IOError: If the file doesn't exist.
"""
if not os.path.exists(path):
raise IOError(errno.ENOENT, os.strerror(errno.ENOENT), path)
def _CreateAdbEnvironment():
adb_env = dict(os.environ)
adb_env['ADB_LIBUSB'] = '0'
return adb_env
def _FindAdb():
try:
return devil_env.config.LocalPath('adb')
except dependency_manager.NoPathFoundError:
pass
try:
return os.path.join(
devil_env.config.LocalPath('android_sdk'), 'platform-tools', 'adb')
except dependency_manager.NoPathFoundError:
pass
try:
return devil_env.config.FetchPath('adb')
except dependency_manager.NoPathFoundError:
raise device_errors.NoAdbError()
def _GetVersion():
# pylint: disable=protected-access
raw_version = AdbWrapper._RunAdbCmd(['version'], timeout=2, retries=0)
for l in raw_version.splitlines():
m = _ADB_VERSION_RE.search(l)
if m:
return m.group(1)
return None
def _ShouldRetryAdbCmd(exc):
# Errors are potentially transient and should be retried, with the exception
# of NoAdbError. Exceptions [e.g. generated from SIGTERM handler] should be
# raised.
return (isinstance(exc, base_error.BaseError)
and not isinstance(exc, device_errors.NoAdbError))
DeviceStat = collections.namedtuple('DeviceStat',
['st_mode', 'st_size', 'st_time'])
def _IsExtraneousLine(line, send_cmd):
"""Determine if a line read from stdout in persistent shell is extraneous.
The results output to stdout by the persistent shell process
(in PersistentShell below) often include "extraneous" lines that are
not part of the output of the shell command. These "extraneous" lines
do not always appear and are of two forms: shell prompt lines and lines
that just duplicate what the input command was. This function
detects these extraneous lines. Since all these lines have the
original command in them, that is what it detects ror.
Args:
line: Output line to check.
send_cmd: Command that was sent to adb persistent shell.
"""
return send_cmd.rstrip() in line
@decorators.WithExplicitTimeoutAndRetries(timeout=60, retries=3)
def RestartServer():
"""Restarts the adb server.
Raises:
CommandFailedError if we fail to kill or restart the server.
"""
def adb_killed():
return not AdbWrapper.IsServerOnline()
def adb_started():
return AdbWrapper.IsServerOnline()
AdbWrapper.KillServer()
if not timeout_retry.WaitFor(adb_killed, wait_period=1, max_tries=5):
# TODO(crbug.com/442319): Switch this to raise an exception if we
# figure out why sometimes not all adb servers on bots get killed.
logger.warning('Failed to kill adb server')
AdbWrapper.StartServer()
if not timeout_retry.WaitFor(adb_started, wait_period=1, max_tries=5):
raise device_errors.CommandFailedError('Failed to start adb server')
class AdbWrapper(object):
"""A wrapper around a local Android Debug Bridge executable."""
_ADB_ENV = _CreateAdbEnvironment()
_adb_path = lazy.WeakConstant(_FindAdb)
_adb_version = lazy.WeakConstant(_GetVersion)
def __init__(self, device_serial):
"""Initializes the AdbWrapper.
Args:
device_serial: The device serial number as a string.
"""
if not device_serial:
raise ValueError('A device serial must be specified')
self._device_serial = str(device_serial)
class PersistentShell(object):
'''Class to use persistent shell for ADB.
This class allows a persistent ADB shell to be created, where multiple
commands can be passed into it. This avoids the overhead of starting
up a new ADB shell for each command.
Example of use:
with PersistentShell('123456789') as pshell:
pshell.RunCommand('which ls')
pshell.RunCommand('echo TEST', close=True)
'''
def __init__(self, serial):
"""Initialization function:
Args:
serial: Serial number of device.
"""
self._cmd = [AdbWrapper.GetAdbPath(), '-s', serial, 'shell']
self._process = None
def __enter__(self):
self.Start()
self.WaitForReady()
return self
def __exit__(self, exc_type, exc_value, tb):
self.Stop()
def Start(self):
"""Start the shell."""
if self._process is not None:
raise RuntimeError('Persistent shell already running.')
# pylint: disable=protected-access
self._process = subprocess.Popen(
self._cmd,
stdin=subprocess.PIPE,
stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
shell=False,
env=AdbWrapper._ADB_ENV)
def WaitForReady(self):
"""Wait for the shell to be ready after starting.
Sends an echo command, then waits until it gets a response.
"""
self._process.stdin.write(six.ensure_binary('echo\n'))
self._process.stdin.flush()
output_line = six.ensure_str(self._process.stdout.readline())
while output_line.rstrip() != '':
output_line = six.ensure_str(self._process.stdout.readline())
def RunCommand(self, command, close=False):
"""Runs an ADB command and returns the output.
Note that there can be approximately 40 ms of additional latency
between sending the command and receiving the results if close=False
due to the use of Nagle's algorithm in the TCP socket between the
adb server and client. To avoid this extra latency, set close=True.
Args:
command: Command to send.
Returns:
The command output, given as a list of lines, and the exit code
"""
if close:
def run_cmd(cmd):
send_cmd = '( %s ); echo $?; exit;\n' % cmd.rstrip()
(output, _) = self._process.communicate(six.ensure_binary(send_cmd))
self._process = None
for x in six.ensure_str(output).rstrip().splitlines():
yield x
else:
def run_cmd(cmd):
send_cmd = '( %s ); echo DONE:$?;\n' % cmd.rstrip()
self._process.stdin.write(six.ensure_binary(send_cmd))
self._process.stdin.flush()
while True:
output_line = six.ensure_str(
self._process.stdout.readline()).rstrip()
if output_line[:5] == 'DONE:':
yield output_line[5:]
break
yield output_line
result = [
line for line in run_cmd(command)
if not _IsExtraneousLine(line, command)
]
return (result[:-1], int(result[-1]))
def Stop(self):
"""Stops the ADB process if it is still running."""
if self._process is not None:
self._process.stdin.write(six.ensure_binary('exit\n'))
self._process.stdin.flush()
self._process = None
@classmethod
def GetAdbPath(cls):
return cls._adb_path.read()
@classmethod
def Version(cls):
return cls._adb_version.read()
@classmethod
def _BuildAdbCmd(cls, args, device_serial, cpu_affinity=None):
if cpu_affinity is not None:
cmd = ['taskset', '-c', str(cpu_affinity)]
else:
cmd = []
cmd.append(cls.GetAdbPath())
if device_serial is not None:
cmd.extend(['-s', device_serial])
cmd.extend(args)
return cmd
# pylint: disable=unused-argument
@classmethod
@decorators.WithTimeoutAndConditionalRetries(_ShouldRetryAdbCmd)
def _RunAdbCmd(cls,
args,
timeout=None,
retries=None,
device_serial=None,
check_error=True,
cpu_affinity=None,
additional_env=None):
if timeout:
remaining = timeout_retry.CurrentTimeoutThreadGroup().GetRemainingTime()
if remaining:
# Use a slightly smaller timeout than remaining time to ensure that we
# have time to collect output from the command.
timeout = 0.95 * remaining
else:
timeout = None
env = cls._ADB_ENV.copy()
if additional_env:
env.update(additional_env)
try:
adb_cmd = cls._BuildAdbCmd(args, device_serial, cpu_affinity=cpu_affinity)
status, output = cmd_helper.GetCmdStatusAndOutputWithTimeout(adb_cmd,
timeout,
env=env)
except OSError as e:
if e.errno in (errno.ENOENT, errno.ENOEXEC):
raise device_errors.NoAdbError(msg=str(e))
else:
raise
except cmd_helper.TimeoutError:
logger.exception('Timeout on adb command: %r', adb_cmd)
raise
# Best effort to catch errors from adb; unfortunately adb is very
# inconsistent with error reporting so many command failures present
# differently.
if status != 0 or (check_error and output.startswith('error:')):
not_found_m = _DEVICE_NOT_FOUND_RE.search(output)
device_waiting_m = _WAITING_FOR_DEVICE_RE.match(output)
if (device_waiting_m is not None
or (not_found_m is not None
and not_found_m.group('serial') == device_serial)):
raise device_errors.DeviceUnreachableError(device_serial)
else:
raise device_errors.AdbCommandFailedError(args, output, status,
device_serial)
return output
# pylint: enable=unused-argument
def _RunDeviceAdbCmd(self, args, timeout, retries, check_error=True):
"""Runs an adb command on the device associated with this object.
Args:
args: A list of arguments to adb.
timeout: Timeout in seconds.
retries: Number of retries.
check_error: Check that the command doesn't return an error message. This
does check the error status of adb but DOES NOT check the exit status
of shell commands.
Returns:
The output of the command.
"""
return self._RunAdbCmd(
args,
timeout=timeout,
retries=retries,
device_serial=self._device_serial,
check_error=check_error)
def _IterRunDeviceAdbCmd(self, args, iter_timeout, timeout, check_error=True):
"""Runs an adb command and returns an iterator over its output lines.
Args:
args: A list of arguments to adb.
iter_timeout: Timeout for each iteration in seconds.
timeout: Timeout for the entire command in seconds.
check_error: Check that the command succeeded. This does check the
error status of the adb command but DOES NOT check the exit status
of shell commands.
Yields:
The output of the command line by line.
"""
return cmd_helper.IterCmdOutputLines(
self._BuildAdbCmd(args, self._device_serial),
iter_timeout=iter_timeout,
timeout=timeout,
env=self._ADB_ENV,
check_status=check_error)
def __eq__(self, other):
"""Consider instances equal if they refer to the same device.
Args:
other: The instance to compare equality with.
Returns:
True if the instances are considered equal, false otherwise.
"""
return self._device_serial == str(other)
def __str__(self):
"""The string representation of an instance.
Returns:
The device serial number as a string.
"""
return self._device_serial
def __repr__(self):
return '%s(\'%s\')' % (self.__class__.__name__, self)
# pylint: disable=unused-argument
@classmethod
def IsServerOnline(cls):
status, output = cmd_helper.GetCmdStatusAndOutput(['pgrep', 'adb'])
output = [int(x) for x in output.split()]
logger.info('PIDs for adb found: %r', output)
return status == 0
# pylint: enable=unused-argument
@classmethod
def KillServer(cls, timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
cls._RunAdbCmd(['kill-server'], timeout=timeout, retries=retries)
@classmethod
def StartServer(cls,
keys=None,
timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Starts the ADB server.
Args:
keys: (optional) List of local ADB keys to use to auth with devices.
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
"""
additional_env = {}
if keys:
additional_env['ADB_VENDOR_KEYS'] = ':'.join(keys)
# CPU affinity is used to reduce adb instability http://crbug.com/268450
cls._RunAdbCmd(['start-server'],
timeout=timeout,
retries=retries,
cpu_affinity=0,
additional_env=additional_env)
@classmethod
def GetDevices(cls, timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""DEPRECATED. Refer to Devices(...) below."""
# TODO(jbudorick): Remove this function once no more clients are using it.
return cls.Devices(timeout=timeout, retries=retries)
@classmethod
def Devices(cls,
desired_state=_READY_STATE,
long_list=False,
timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Get the list of active attached devices.
Args:
desired_state: If not None, limit the devices returned to only those
in the given state.
long_list: Whether to use the long listing format.
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
Yields:
AdbWrapper instances.
"""
lines = cls._RawDevices(
long_list=long_list, timeout=timeout, retries=retries)
if long_list:
return [[AdbWrapper(line[0])] + line[1:] for line in lines if (
len(line) >= 2 and (not desired_state or line[1] == desired_state))]
else:
return [
AdbWrapper(line[0]) for line in lines
if (len(line) == 2 and (not desired_state or line[1] == desired_state)
)
]
@classmethod
def _RawDevices(cls,
long_list=False,
timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
cmd = ['devices']
if long_list:
cmd.append('-l')
output = cls._RunAdbCmd(cmd, timeout=timeout, retries=retries)
return [line.split() for line in output.splitlines()[1:]]
def GetDeviceSerial(self):
"""Gets the device serial number associated with this object.
Returns:
Device serial number as a string.
"""
return self._device_serial
def Push(self,
local,
remote,
sync=False,
timeout=DEFAULT_SUPER_LONG_TIMEOUT,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Pushes a file from the host to the device.
Args:
local: Path on the host filesystem.
remote: Path on the device filesystem.
sync: (optional) Whether to only push files that are newer on the host.
Not supported when using adb prior to 1.0.39.
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
Raises:
AdbVersionError if sync=True with versions of adb prior to 1.0.39.
"""
VerifyLocalFileExists(local)
if (du_version.LooseVersion(self.Version()) <
du_version.LooseVersion('1.0.36')):
# Different versions of adb handle pushing a directory to an existing
# directory differently.
# In the version packaged with the M SDK, 1.0.32, the following push:
# foo/bar -> /sdcard/foo/bar
# where bar is an existing directory both on the host and the device
# results in the contents of bar/ on the host being pushed to bar/ on
# the device, i.e.
# foo/bar/A -> /sdcard/foo/bar/A
# foo/bar/B -> /sdcard/foo/bar/B
# ... etc.
# In the version packaged with the N SDK, 1.0.36, the same push under
# the same conditions results in a second bar/ directory being created
# underneath the first bar/ directory on the device, i.e.
# foo/bar/A -> /sdcard/foo/bar/bar/A
# foo/bar/B -> /sdcard/foo/bar/bar/B
# ... etc.
# In order to provide a consistent interface to clients, we check whether
# the target is an existing directory on the device and, if so, modifies
# the target passed to adb to emulate the behavior on 1.0.36 and above.
# Note that this behavior may have started before 1.0.36; that's simply
# the earliest version we've confirmed thus far.
try:
self.Shell('test -d %s' % remote, timeout=timeout, retries=retries)
remote = posixpath.join(remote, posixpath.basename(local))
except device_errors.AdbShellCommandFailedError:
# The target directory doesn't exist on the device, so we can use it
# without modification.
pass
push_cmd = ['push']
if sync:
push_cmd += ['--sync']
if (du_version.LooseVersion(self.Version()) <
du_version.LooseVersion('1.0.39')):
# The --sync flag for `adb push` is a relatively recent addition.
# We're not sure exactly which release first contained it, but it
# exists at least as far back as 1.0.39.
raise device_errors.AdbVersionError(
push_cmd,
desc='--sync not supported',
actual_version=self.Version(),
min_version='1.0.39')
push_cmd += [local, remote]
self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(push_cmd, timeout, retries)
def Pull(self,
remote,
local,
timeout=DEFAULT_LONG_TIMEOUT,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Pulls a file from the device to the host.
Args:
remote: Path on the device filesystem.
local: Path on the host filesystem.
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
"""
cmd = ['pull', remote, local]
self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(cmd, timeout, retries)
try:
VerifyLocalFileExists(local)
except IOError:
raise device_errors.AdbCommandFailedError(
cmd,
'File pulled from the device did not arrive on the host: %s' % local,
device_serial=str(self))
def StartShell(self, cmd):
"""Starts a subprocess on the device and returns a handle to the process.
Args:
args: A sequence of program arguments. The executable to run is the first
item in the sequence.
Returns:
An instance of subprocess.Popen associated with the live process.
"""
return cmd_helper.StartCmd(
self._BuildAdbCmd(['shell'] + cmd, self._device_serial))
def Shell(self,
command,
expect_status=0,
timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Runs a shell command on the device.
Args:
command: A string with the shell command to run.
expect_status: (optional) Check that the command's exit status matches
this value. Default is 0. If set to None the test is skipped.
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
Returns:
The output of the shell command as a string.
Raises:
device_errors.AdbCommandFailedError: If the exit status doesn't match
|expect_status|.
"""
if expect_status is None:
args = ['shell', command]
else:
args = ['shell', '( %s );echo %%$?' % command.rstrip()]
output = self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(args, timeout, retries, check_error=False)
if expect_status is not None:
output_end = output.rfind('%')
if output_end < 0:
# causes the status string to become empty and raise a ValueError
output_end = len(output)
try:
status = int(output[output_end + 1:])
except ValueError:
logger.warning('exit status of shell command %r missing.', command)
raise device_errors.AdbShellCommandFailedError(
command, output, status=None, device_serial=self._device_serial)
output = output[:output_end]
if status != expect_status:
raise device_errors.AdbShellCommandFailedError(
command, output, status=status, device_serial=self._device_serial)
return output
def IterShell(self, command, timeout):
"""Runs a shell command and returns an iterator over its output lines.
Args:
command: A string with the shell command to run.
timeout: Timeout in seconds.
Yields:
The output of the command line by line.
"""
args = ['shell', command]
return cmd_helper.IterCmdOutputLines(
self._BuildAdbCmd(args, self._device_serial),
timeout=timeout,
env=self._ADB_ENV)
def Ls(self, path, timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""List the contents of a directory on the device.
Args:
path: Path on the device filesystem.
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
Returns:
A list of pairs (filename, stat) for each file found in the directory,
where the stat object has the properties: st_mode, st_size, and st_time.
Raises:
AdbCommandFailedError if |path| does not specify a valid and accessible
directory in the device, or the output of "adb ls" command is less
than four columns
"""
def ParseLine(line, cmd):
cols = line.split(None, 3)
if len(cols) < 4:
raise device_errors.AdbCommandFailedError(
cmd,
line,
"the output should be 4 columns, but is only %d columns" %
len(cols),
device_serial=self._device_serial)
filename = cols.pop()
stat = DeviceStat(*[int(num, base=16) for num in cols])
return (filename, stat)
cmd = ['ls', path]
lines = self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(
cmd, timeout=timeout, retries=retries).splitlines()
if lines:
return [ParseLine(line, cmd) for line in lines]
else:
raise device_errors.AdbCommandFailedError(
cmd,
'path does not specify an accessible directory in the device',
device_serial=self._device_serial)
def Logcat(self,
clear=False,
dump=False,
filter_specs=None,
logcat_format=None,
ring_buffer=None,
iter_timeout=None,
check_error=True,
timeout=None,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Get an iterable over the logcat output.
Args:
clear: If true, clear the logcat.
dump: If true, dump the current logcat contents.
filter_specs: If set, a list of specs to filter the logcat.
logcat_format: If set, the format in which the logcat should be output.
Options include "brief", "process", "tag", "thread", "raw", "time",
"threadtime", and "long"
ring_buffer: If set, a list of alternate ring buffers to request.
Options include "main", "system", "radio", "events", "crash" or "all".
The default is equivalent to ["main", "system", "crash"].
iter_timeout: If set and neither clear nor dump is set, the number of
seconds to wait between iterations. If no line is found before the
given number of seconds elapses, the iterable will yield None.
check_error: Whether to check the exit status of the logcat command.
timeout: (optional) If set, timeout per try in seconds. If clear or dump
is set, defaults to DEFAULT_TIMEOUT.
retries: (optional) If clear or dump is set, the number of retries to
attempt. Otherwise, does nothing.
Yields:
logcat output line by line.
"""
cmd = ['logcat']
use_iter = True
if clear:
cmd.append('-c')
use_iter = False
if dump:
cmd.append('-d')
use_iter = False
if logcat_format:
cmd.extend(['-v', logcat_format])
if ring_buffer:
for buffer_name in ring_buffer:
cmd.extend(['-b', buffer_name])
if filter_specs:
cmd.extend(filter_specs)
if use_iter:
return self._IterRunDeviceAdbCmd(
cmd, iter_timeout, timeout, check_error=check_error)
else:
timeout = timeout if timeout is not None else DEFAULT_TIMEOUT
output = self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(
cmd, timeout, retries, check_error=check_error)
return output.splitlines()
def Forward(self,
local,
remote,
allow_rebind=False,
timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Forward socket connections from the local socket to the remote socket.
Sockets are specified by one of:
tcp:<port>
localabstract:<unix domain socket name>
localreserved:<unix domain socket name>
localfilesystem:<unix domain socket name>
dev:<character device name>
jdwp:<process pid> (remote only)
Args:
local: The host socket.
remote: The device socket.
allow_rebind: A boolean indicating whether adb may rebind a local socket;
otherwise, the default, an exception is raised if the local socket is
already being forwarded.
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
"""
cmd = ['forward']
if not allow_rebind:
cmd.append('--no-rebind')
cmd.extend([str(local), str(remote)])
output = self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(cmd, timeout, retries).strip()
if output:
logger.warning('Unexpected output from "adb forward": %s', output)
def ForwardRemove(self,
local,
timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Remove a forward socket connection.
Args:
local: The host socket.
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
"""
self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(['forward', '--remove', str(local)], timeout, retries)
def ForwardList(self, timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""List all currently forwarded socket connections.
Args:
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
Returns:
The output of adb forward --list as a string.
"""
if (du_version.LooseVersion(self.Version()) >=
du_version.LooseVersion('1.0.36')):
# Starting in 1.0.36, this can occasionally fail with a protocol fault.
# As this interrupts all connections with all devices, we instead just
# return an empty list. This may give clients an inaccurate result, but
# that's usually better than crashing the adb server.
# TODO(jbudorick): Determine an appropriate upper version bound for this
# once b/31811775 is fixed.
return ''
return self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(['forward', '--list'], timeout, retries)
def JDWP(self, timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""List of PIDs of processes hosting a JDWP transport.
Args:
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
Returns:
A list of PIDs as strings.
"""
return [
a.strip()
for a in self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(['jdwp'], timeout, retries).split('\n')
]
def Install(self,
apk_path,
forward_lock=False,
allow_downgrade=False,
reinstall=False,
sd_card=False,
streaming=None,
timeout=DEFAULT_LONG_TIMEOUT,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Install an apk on the device.
Args:
apk_path: Host path to the APK file.
forward_lock: (optional) If set forward-locks the app.
allow_downgrade: (optional) If set, allows for downgrades.
reinstall: (optional) If set reinstalls the app, keeping its data.
sd_card: (optional) If set installs on the SD card.
streaming: (optional) If not set, use default way to install.
If True, performs streaming install.
If False, app is pushed to device and be installed from there.
Note this option is not supported prior to adb version 1.0.40
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
"""
VerifyLocalFileExists(apk_path)
cmd = ['install']
if forward_lock:
cmd.append('-l')
if reinstall:
cmd.append('-r')
if sd_card:
cmd.append('-s')
if allow_downgrade:
cmd.append('-d')
if streaming in (True, False):
if (du_version.LooseVersion(self.Version()) <
du_version.LooseVersion('1.0.40')):
logging.warning(
'adb: streaming options not supported prior to version 1.0.40 '
'(current: %s)', self.Version())
elif streaming:
cmd.append('--streaming')
else:
cmd.append('--no-streaming')
cmd.append(apk_path)
output = self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(cmd, timeout, retries)
if 'Success' not in output:
raise device_errors.AdbCommandFailedError(
cmd, output, device_serial=self._device_serial)
def InstallMultiple(self,
apk_paths,
forward_lock=False,
reinstall=False,
sd_card=False,
allow_downgrade=False,
partial=False,
streaming=None,
timeout=DEFAULT_LONG_TIMEOUT,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Install an apk with splits on the device.
Args:
apk_paths: Host path to the APK file.
forward_lock: (optional) If set forward-locks the app.
reinstall: (optional) If set reinstalls the app, keeping its data.
sd_card: (optional) If set installs on the SD card.
allow_downgrade: (optional) Allow versionCode downgrade.
partial: (optional) Package ID if apk_paths doesn't include all .apks.
streaming: (optional) If not set, use default way to install.
If True, performs streaming install.
If False, app is pushed to device and be installed from there.
Note this option is not supported prior to adb version 1.0.40
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
"""
for path in apk_paths:
VerifyLocalFileExists(path)
cmd = ['install-multiple']
if forward_lock:
cmd.append('-l')
if reinstall:
cmd.append('-r')
if sd_card:
cmd.append('-s')
if allow_downgrade:
cmd.append('-d')
if streaming in (True, False):
if (du_version.LooseVersion(self.Version()) <
du_version.LooseVersion('1.0.40')):
logging.warning(
'adb: streaming options not supported prior to version 1.0.40 '
'(current: %s)', self.Version())
elif streaming:
cmd.append('--streaming')
else:
cmd.append('--no-streaming')
if partial:
cmd.extend(('-p', partial))
cmd.extend(apk_paths)
output = self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(cmd, timeout, retries)
if 'Success' not in output:
raise device_errors.AdbCommandFailedError(
cmd, output, device_serial=self._device_serial)
def Uninstall(self,
package,
keep_data=False,
timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Remove the app |package| from the device.
Args:
package: The package to uninstall.
keep_data: (optional) If set keep the data and cache directories.
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
"""
cmd = ['uninstall']
if keep_data:
cmd.append('-k')
cmd.append(package)
output = self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(cmd, timeout, retries)
if 'Failure' in output or 'Exception' in output:
raise device_errors.AdbCommandFailedError(
cmd, output, device_serial=self._device_serial)
def Backup(self,
path,
packages=None,
apk=False,
shared=False,
nosystem=True,
include_all=False,
timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Write an archive of the device's data to |path|.
Args:
path: Local path to store the backup file.
packages: List of to packages to be backed up.
apk: (optional) If set include the .apk files in the archive.
shared: (optional) If set buckup the device's SD card.
nosystem: (optional) If set exclude system applications.
include_all: (optional) If set back up all installed applications and
|packages| is optional.
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
"""
cmd = ['backup', '-f', path]
if apk:
cmd.append('-apk')
if shared:
cmd.append('-shared')
if nosystem:
cmd.append('-nosystem')
if include_all:
cmd.append('-all')
if packages:
cmd.extend(packages)
assert bool(packages) ^ bool(include_all), (
'Provide \'packages\' or set \'include_all\' but not both.')
ret = self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(cmd, timeout, retries)
VerifyLocalFileExists(path)
return ret
def Restore(self, path, timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Restore device contents from the backup archive.
Args:
path: Host path to the backup archive.
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
"""
VerifyLocalFileExists(path)
self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(['restore'] + [path], timeout, retries)
def WaitForDevice(self, timeout=DEFAULT_LONG_TIMEOUT,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Block until the device is online.
Args:
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
"""
self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(['wait-for-device'], timeout, retries)
def GetState(self, timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Get device state.
Args:
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
Returns:
One of 'offline', 'bootloader', or 'device'.
"""
# TODO(jbudorick): Revert to using get-state once it doesn't cause a
# a protocol fault.
# return self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(['get-state'], timeout, retries).strip()
lines = self._RawDevices(timeout=timeout, retries=retries)
for line in lines:
if len(line) >= 2 and line[0] == self._device_serial:
return line[1]
return 'offline'
def GetDevPath(self, timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Gets the device path.
Args:
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
Returns:
The device path (e.g. usb:3-4)
"""
return self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(['get-devpath'], timeout, retries)
def Remount(self, timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Remounts the /system partition on the device read-write."""
self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(['remount'], timeout, retries)
def Reboot(self,
to_bootloader=False,
timeout=DEFAULT_LONG_TIMEOUT,
retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Reboots the device.
Args:
to_bootloader: (optional) If set reboots to the bootloader.
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
"""
if to_bootloader:
cmd = ['reboot-bootloader']
else:
cmd = ['reboot']
self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(cmd, timeout, retries)
def Root(self, timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Restarts the adbd daemon with root permissions, if possible.
Args:
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
"""
try:
output = self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(['root'], timeout, retries)
except device_errors.AdbCommandFailedError as e:
# For some devices, root can occasionally fail with this error and kick
# the device into adb 'offline' mode. Assuming this is transient, try
# waiting for the device to come back up before re-raising the exception
# and proceeding with any retries.
if 'unable to connect for root: closed' in e.output:
self.WaitForDevice()
raise
if 'cannot' in output:
raise device_errors.AdbCommandFailedError(
['root'], output, device_serial=self._device_serial)
def Emu(self, cmd, timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Runs an emulator console command.
See http://developer.android.com/tools/devices/emulator.html#console
Args:
cmd: The command to run on the emulator console.
timeout: (optional) Timeout per try in seconds.
retries: (optional) Number of retries to attempt.
Returns:
The output of the emulator console command.
"""
if isinstance(cmd, six.string_types):
cmd = [cmd]
return self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(['emu'] + cmd, timeout, retries)
def DisableVerity(self, timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Disable Marshmallow's Verity security feature.
Returns:
The output of the disable-verity command as a string.
"""
output = self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(['disable-verity'], timeout, retries)
if output and not _VERITY_DISABLE_RE.search(output):
raise device_errors.AdbCommandFailedError(
['disable-verity'], output, device_serial=self._device_serial)
return output
def EnableVerity(self, timeout=DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, retries=DEFAULT_RETRIES):
"""Enable Marshmallow's Verity security feature.
Returns:
The output of the enable-verity command as a string.
"""
output = self._RunDeviceAdbCmd(['enable-verity'], timeout, retries)
if output and not _VERITY_ENABLE_RE.search(output):
raise device_errors.AdbCommandFailedError(
['enable-verity'], output, device_serial=self._device_serial)
return output
# Deprecated use device_utils#is_emulator instead.
@property
def is_emulator(self):
return _EMULATOR_RE.match(self._device_serial)
@property
def is_ready(self):
try:
return self.GetState() == _READY_STATE
except device_errors.CommandFailedError:
return False