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// Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include <string>
#include "base/basictypes.h"
#include "base/containers/hash_tables.h"
#include "base/gtest_prod_util.h"
#include "content/common/content_export.h"
#include "content/public/common/sandbox_type_mac.h"
namespace base {
class FilePath;
#if __OBJC__
@class NSArray;
@class NSString;
class NSArray;
class NSString;
namespace content {
// Class representing a substring of the sandbox profile tagged with its type.
class SandboxSubstring {
enum SandboxSubstringType {
PLAIN, // Just a plain string, no escaping necessary.
LITERAL, // Escape for use in (literal ...) expression.
REGEX, // Escape for use in (regex ...) expression.
SandboxSubstring() {}
explicit SandboxSubstring(const std::string& value)
: value_(value),
type_(PLAIN) {}
SandboxSubstring(const std::string& value, SandboxSubstringType type)
: value_(value),
type_(type) {}
const std::string& value() { return value_; }
SandboxSubstringType type() { return type_; }
std::string value_;
SandboxSubstringType type_;
class CONTENT_EXPORT Sandbox {
// A map of variable name -> string to substitute in its place.
typedef base::hash_map<std::string, SandboxSubstring>
// Warm up System APIs that empirically need to be accessed before the
// sandbox is turned on. |sandbox_type| is the type of sandbox to warm up.
// Valid |sandbox_type| values are defined by the enum SandboxType, or can be
// defined by the embedder via
// ContentClient::GetSandboxProfileForProcessType().
static void SandboxWarmup(int sandbox_type);
// Turns on the OS X sandbox for this process.
// |sandbox_type| - type of Sandbox to use. See SandboxWarmup() for legal
// values.
// |allowed_dir| - directory to allow access to, currently the only sandbox
// profile that supports this is SANDBOX_TYPE_UTILITY .
// Returns true on success, false if an error occurred enabling the sandbox.
static bool EnableSandbox(int sandbox_type,
const base::FilePath& allowed_dir);
// Returns true if the sandbox has been enabled for the current process.
static bool SandboxIsCurrentlyActive();
// Exposed for testing purposes, used by an accessory function of our tests
// so we can't use FRIEND_TEST.
// Build the Sandbox command necessary to allow access to a named directory
// indicated by |allowed_dir|.
// Returns a string containing the sandbox profile commands necessary to allow
// access to that directory or nil if an error occured.
// The header comment for PostProcessSandboxProfile() explains how variable
// substition works in sandbox templates.
// The returned string contains embedded variables. The function fills in
// |substitutions| to contain the values for these variables.
static NSString* BuildAllowDirectoryAccessSandboxString(
const base::FilePath& allowed_dir,
SandboxVariableSubstitions* substitutions);
// Assemble the final sandbox profile from a template by removing comments
// and substituting variables.
// |sandbox_template| is a string which contains 2 entitites to operate on:
// - Comments - The sandbox comment syntax is used to make the OS sandbox
// optionally ignore commands it doesn't support. e.g.
// ;10.6_ONLY (foo)
// Where (foo) is some command that is only supported on OS X 10.6.
// The ;10.6_ONLY comment can then be removed from the template to enable
// (foo) as appropriate.
// - Variables - denoted by @variable_name@ . These are defined in the
// sandbox template in cases where another string needs to be substituted at
// runtime. e.g. @HOMEDIR_AS_LITERAL@ is substituted at runtime for the user's
// home directory escaped appropriately for a (literal ...) expression.
// |comments_to_remove| is a list of NSStrings containing the comments to
// remove.
// |substitutions| is a hash of "variable name" -> "string to substitute".
// Where the replacement string is tagged with information on how it is to be
// escaped e.g. used as part of a regex string or a literal.
// On output |final_sandbox_profile_str| contains the final sandbox profile.
// Returns true on success, false otherwise.
static bool PostProcessSandboxProfile(
NSString* in_sandbox_data,
NSArray* comments_to_remove,
SandboxVariableSubstitions& substitutions,
std::string *final_sandbox_profile_str);
// Returns an (allow file-read-metadata) rule for |allowed_path| and all its
// parent directories.
static NSString* AllowMetadataForPath(const base::FilePath& allowed_path);
// Escape |src_utf8| for use in a plain string variable in a sandbox
// configuraton file. On return |dst| is set to the quoted output.
// Returns: true on success, false otherwise.
static bool QuotePlainString(const std::string& src_utf8, std::string* dst);
// Escape |str_utf8| for use in a regex literal in a sandbox
// configuraton file. On return |dst| is set to the utf-8 encoded quoted
// output.
// The implementation of this function is based on empirical testing of the
// OS X sandbox on 10.5.8 & 10.6.2 which is undocumented and subject to
// change.
// Note: If str_utf8 contains any characters < 32 || >125 then the function
// fails and false is returned.
// Returns: true on success, false otherwise.
static bool QuoteStringForRegex(const std::string& str_utf8,
std::string* dst);
// Convert provided path into a "canonical" path matching what the Sandbox
// expects i.e. one without symlinks.
// This path is not necessarily unique e.g. in the face of hardlinks.
static base::FilePath GetCanonicalSandboxPath(const base::FilePath& path);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(MacDirAccessSandboxTest, StringEscape);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(MacDirAccessSandboxTest, RegexEscape);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(MacDirAccessSandboxTest, SandboxAccess);
} // namespace content