*
• {@link #getFineIterator()} retains full granularity of change edits. *
• {@link #getFineChangesIterator()} retains full granularity of change edits, and when calling * next() on the iterator, skips over no-change edits (unchanged regions). *
• {@link #getCoarseIterator()} treats adjacent change edits as a single edit. (Adjacent no-change * edits are automatically merged during the construction phase.) *
• {@link #getCoarseChangesIterator()} treats adjacent change edits as a single edit, and when * calling next() on the iterator, skips over no-change edits (unchanged regions). *
* * For example, consider the string "abcßDeF", which case-folds to "abcssdef". This string has the * following fine edits: *
*
• abc ⇨ abc (no-change) *
• ß ⇨ ss (change) *
• D ⇨ d (change) *
• e ⇨ e (no-change) *
• F ⇨ f (change) *
* and the following coarse edits (note how adjacent change edits get merged together): *
*
• abc ⇨ abc (no-change) *
• ßD ⇨ ssd (change) *
• e ⇨ e (no-change) *
• F ⇨ f (change) *
* * The "fine changes" and "coarse changes" iterators will step through only the change edits when their * Edits::Iterator::next() methods are called. They are identical to the non-change iterators when * their Edits::Iterator::findSourceIndex() or Edits::Iterator::findDestinationIndex() * methods are used to walk through the string. * * For examples of how to use this class, see the test TestCaseMapEditsIteratorDocs in * UCharacterCaseTest.java. * * An Edits object tracks a separate UErrorCode, but ICU string transformation functions * (e.g., case mapping functions) merge any such errors into their API's UErrorCode. * * @stable ICU 59 */ class U_COMMON_API Edits U_FINAL : public UMemory { public: /** * Constructs an empty object. * @stable ICU 59 */ Edits() : array(stackArray), capacity(STACK_CAPACITY), length(0), delta(0), numChanges(0), errorCode_(U_ZERO_ERROR) {} /** * Copy constructor. * @param other source edits * @stable ICU 60 */ Edits(const Edits &other) : array(stackArray), capacity(STACK_CAPACITY), length(other.length), delta(other.delta), numChanges(other.numChanges), errorCode_(other.errorCode_) { copyArray(other); } /** * Move constructor, might leave src empty. * This object will have the same contents that the source object had. * @param src source edits * @stable ICU 60 */ Edits(Edits &&src) U_NOEXCEPT : array(stackArray), capacity(STACK_CAPACITY), length(src.length), delta(src.delta), numChanges(src.numChanges), errorCode_(src.errorCode_) { moveArray(src); } /** * Destructor. * @stable ICU 59 */ ~Edits(); /** * Assignment operator. * @param other source edits * @return *this * @stable ICU 60 */ Edits &operator=(const Edits &other); /** * Move assignment operator, might leave src empty. * This object will have the same contents that the source object had. * The behavior is undefined if *this and src are the same object. * @param src source edits * @return *this * @stable ICU 60 */ Edits &operator=(Edits &&src) U_NOEXCEPT; /** * Resets the data but may not release memory. * @stable ICU 59 */ void reset() U_NOEXCEPT; /** * Adds a no-change edit: a record for an unchanged segment of text. * Normally called from inside ICU string transformation functions, not user code. * @stable ICU 59 */ void addUnchanged(int32_t unchangedLength); /** * Adds a change edit: a record for a text replacement/insertion/deletion. * Normally called from inside ICU string transformation functions, not user code. * @stable ICU 59 */ void addReplace(int32_t oldLength, int32_t newLength); /** * Sets the UErrorCode if an error occurred while recording edits. * Preserves older error codes in the outErrorCode. * Normally called from inside ICU string transformation functions, not user code. * @param outErrorCode Set to an error code if it does not contain one already * and an error occurred while recording edits. * Otherwise unchanged. * @return TRUE if U_FAILURE(outErrorCode) * @stable ICU 59 */ UBool copyErrorTo(UErrorCode &outErrorCode); /** * How much longer is the new text compared with the old text? * @return new length minus old length * @stable ICU 59 */ int32_t lengthDelta() const { return delta; } /** * @return TRUE if there are any change edits * @stable ICU 59 */ UBool hasChanges() const { return numChanges != 0; } /** * @return the number of change edits * @stable ICU 60 */ int32_t numberOfChanges() const { return numChanges; } /** * Access to the list of edits. * * At any moment in time, an instance of this class points to a single edit: a "window" into a span * of the source string and the corresponding span of the destination string. The source string span * starts at {@link #sourceIndex()} and runs for {@link #oldLength()} chars; the destination string * span starts at {@link #destinationIndex()} and runs for {@link #newLength()} chars. * * The iterator can be moved between edits using the next(), findSourceIndex(int32_t, UErrorCode &), * and findDestinationIndex(int32_t, UErrorCode &) methods. * Calling any of these methods mutates the iterator to make it point to the corresponding edit. * * For more information, see the documentation for {@link Edits}. * * @see getCoarseIterator * @see getFineIterator * @stable ICU 59 */ struct U_COMMON_API Iterator U_FINAL : public UMemory { /** * Default constructor, empty iterator. * @stable ICU 60 */ Iterator() : array(nullptr), index(0), length(0), remaining(0), onlyChanges_(FALSE), coarse(FALSE), dir(0), changed(FALSE), oldLength_(0), newLength_(0), srcIndex(0), replIndex(0), destIndex(0) {} /** * Copy constructor. * @stable ICU 59 */ Iterator(const Iterator &other) = default; /** * Assignment operator. * @stable ICU 59 */ Iterator &operator=(const Iterator &other) = default; /** * Advances the iterator to the next edit. * @param errorCode ICU error code. Its input value must pass the U_SUCCESS() test, * or else the function returns immediately. Check for U_FAILURE() * on output or use with function chaining. (See User Guide for details.) * @return TRUE if there is another edit * @stable ICU 59 */ UBool next(UErrorCode &errorCode) { return next(onlyChanges_, errorCode); } /** * Moves the iterator to the edit that contains the source index. * The source index may be found in a no-change edit * even if normal iteration would skip no-change edits. * Normal iteration can continue from a found edit. * * The iterator state before this search logically does not matter. * (It may affect the performance of the search.) * * The iterator state after this search is undefined * if the source index is out of bounds for the source string. * * @param i source index * @param errorCode ICU error code. Its input value must pass the U_SUCCESS() test, * or else the function returns immediately. Check for U_FAILURE() * on output or use with function chaining. (See User Guide for details.) * @return TRUE if the edit for the source index was found * @stable ICU 59 */ UBool findSourceIndex(int32_t i, UErrorCode &errorCode) { return findIndex(i, TRUE, errorCode) == 0; } /** * Moves the iterator to the edit that contains the destination index. * The destination index may be found in a no-change edit * even if normal iteration would skip no-change edits. * Normal iteration can continue from a found edit. * * The iterator state before this search logically does not matter. * (It may affect the performance of the search.) * * The iterator state after this search is undefined * if the source index is out of bounds for the source string. * * @param i destination index * @param errorCode ICU error code. Its input value must pass the U_SUCCESS() test, * or else the function returns immediately. Check for U_FAILURE() * on output or use with function chaining. (See User Guide for details.) * @return TRUE if the edit for the destination index was found * @stable ICU 60 */ UBool findDestinationIndex(int32_t i, UErrorCode &errorCode) { return findIndex(i, FALSE, errorCode) == 0; } /** * Computes the destination index corresponding to the given source index. * If the source index is inside a change edit (not at its start), * then the destination index at the end of that edit is returned, * since there is no information about index mapping inside a change edit. * * (This means that indexes to the start and middle of an edit, * for example around a grapheme cluster, are mapped to indexes * encompassing the entire edit. * The alternative, mapping an interior index to the start, * would map such an interval to an empty one.) * * This operation will usually but not always modify this object. * The iterator state after this search is undefined. * * @param i source index * @param errorCode ICU error code. Its input value must pass the U_SUCCESS() test, * or else the function returns immediately. Check for U_FAILURE() * on output or use with function chaining. (See User Guide for details.) * @return destination index; undefined if i is not 0..string length * @stable ICU 60 */ int32_t destinationIndexFromSourceIndex(int32_t i, UErrorCode &errorCode); /** * Computes the source index corresponding to the given destination index. * If the destination index is inside a change edit (not at its start), * then the source index at the end of that edit is returned, * since there is no information about index mapping inside a change edit. * * (This means that indexes to the start and middle of an edit, * for example around a grapheme cluster, are mapped to indexes * encompassing the entire edit. * The alternative, mapping an interior index to the start, * would map such an interval to an empty one.) * * This operation will usually but not always modify this object. * The iterator state after this search is undefined. * * @param i destination index * @param errorCode ICU error code. Its input value must pass the U_SUCCESS() test, * or else the function returns immediately. Check for U_FAILURE() * on output or use with function chaining. (See User Guide for details.) * @return source index; undefined if i is not 0..string length * @stable ICU 60 */ int32_t sourceIndexFromDestinationIndex(int32_t i, UErrorCode &errorCode); /** * Returns whether the edit currently represented by the iterator is a change edit. * * @return TRUE if this edit replaces oldLength() units with newLength() different ones. * FALSE if oldLength units remain unchanged. * @stable ICU 59 */ UBool hasChange() const { return changed; } /** * The length of the current span in the source string, which starts at {@link #sourceIndex}. * * @return the number of units in the original string which are replaced or remain unchanged. * @stable ICU 59 */ int32_t oldLength() const { return oldLength_; } /** * The length of the current span in the destination string, which starts at * {@link #destinationIndex}, or in the replacement string, which starts at * {@link #replacementIndex}. * * @return the number of units in the modified string, if hasChange() is TRUE. * Same as oldLength if hasChange() is FALSE. * @stable ICU 59 */ int32_t newLength() const { return newLength_; } /** * The start index of the current span in the source string; the span has length * {@link #oldLength}. * * @return the current index into the source string * @stable ICU 59 */ int32_t sourceIndex() const { return srcIndex; } /** * The start index of the current span in the replacement string; the span has length * {@link #newLength}. Well-defined only if the current edit is a change edit. * * The *replacement string* is the concatenation of all substrings of the destination * string corresponding to change edits. * * This method is intended to be used together with operations that write only replacement * characters (e.g. operations specifying the \ref U_OMIT_UNCHANGED_TEXT option). * The source string can then be modified in-place. * * @return the current index into the replacement-characters-only string, * not counting unchanged spans * @stable ICU 59 */ int32_t replacementIndex() const { // TODO: Throw an exception if we aren't in a change edit? return replIndex; } /** * The start index of the current span in the destination string; the span has length * {@link #newLength}. * * @return the current index into the full destination string * @stable ICU 59 */ int32_t destinationIndex() const { return destIndex; } #ifndef U_HIDE_INTERNAL_API /** * A string representation of the current edit represented by the iterator for debugging. You * should not depend on the contents of the return string. * @internal */ UnicodeString& toString(UnicodeString& appendTo) const; #endif // U_HIDE_INTERNAL_API private: friend class Edits; Iterator(const uint16_t *a, int32_t len, UBool oc, UBool crs); int32_t readLength(int32_t head); void updateNextIndexes(); void updatePreviousIndexes(); UBool noNext(); UBool next(UBool onlyChanges, UErrorCode &errorCode); UBool previous(UErrorCode &errorCode); /** @return -1: error or i<0; 0: found; 1: i>=string length */ int32_t findIndex(int32_t i, UBool findSource, UErrorCode &errorCode); const uint16_t *array; int32_t index, length; // 0 if we are not within compressed equal-length changes. // Otherwise the number of remaining changes, including the current one. int32_t remaining; UBool onlyChanges_, coarse; int8_t dir; // iteration direction: back(<0), initial(0), forward(>0) UBool changed; int32_t oldLength_, newLength_; int32_t srcIndex, replIndex, destIndex; }; /** * Returns an Iterator for coarse-grained change edits * (adjacent change edits are treated as one). * Can be used to perform simple string updates. * Skips no-change edits. * @return an Iterator that merges adjacent changes. * @stable ICU 59 */ Iterator getCoarseChangesIterator() const { return Iterator(array, length, TRUE, TRUE); } /** * Returns an Iterator for coarse-grained change and no-change edits * (adjacent change edits are treated as one). * Can be used to perform simple string updates. * Adjacent change edits are treated as one edit. * @return an Iterator that merges adjacent changes. * @stable ICU 59 */ Iterator getCoarseIterator() const { return Iterator(array, length, FALSE, TRUE); } /** * Returns an Iterator for fine-grained change edits * (full granularity of change edits is retained). * Can be used for modifying styled text. * Skips no-change edits. * @return an Iterator that separates adjacent changes. * @stable ICU 59 */ Iterator getFineChangesIterator() const { return Iterator(array, length, TRUE, FALSE); } /** * Returns an Iterator for fine-grained change and no-change edits * (full granularity of change edits is retained). * Can be used for modifying styled text. * @return an Iterator that separates adjacent changes. * @stable ICU 59 */ Iterator getFineIterator() const { return Iterator(array, length, FALSE, FALSE); } /** * Merges the two input Edits and appends the result to this object. * * Consider two string transformations (for example, normalization and case mapping) * where each records Edits in addition to writing an output string.
* Edits ab reflect how substrings of input string a * map to substrings of intermediate string b.
* Edits bc reflect how substrings of intermediate string b * map to substrings of output string c.
* This function merges ab and bc such that the additional edits * recorded in this object reflect how substrings of input string a * map to substrings of output string c. * * If unrelated Edits are passed in where the output string of the first * has a different length than the input string of the second, * then a U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR is reported. * * @param ab reflects how substrings of input string a * map to substrings of intermediate string b. * @param bc reflects how substrings of intermediate string b * map to substrings of output string c. * @param errorCode ICU error code. Its input value must pass the U_SUCCESS() test, * or else the function returns immediately. Check for U_FAILURE() * on output or use with function chaining. (See User Guide for details.) * @return *this, with the merged edits appended * @stable ICU 60 */ Edits &mergeAndAppend(const Edits &ab, const Edits &bc, UErrorCode &errorCode); private: void releaseArray() U_NOEXCEPT; Edits ©Array(const Edits &other); Edits &moveArray(Edits &src) U_NOEXCEPT; void setLastUnit(int32_t last) { array[length - 1] = (uint16_t)last; } int32_t lastUnit() const { return length > 0 ? array[length - 1] : 0xffff; } void append(int32_t r); UBool growArray(); static const int32_t STACK_CAPACITY = 100; uint16_t *array; int32_t capacity; int32_t length; int32_t delta; int32_t numChanges; UErrorCode errorCode_; uint16_t stackArray[STACK_CAPACITY]; }; U_NAMESPACE_END #endif // __EDITS_H__