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/* exif-tag.c
*
* Copyright (c) 2001 Lutz Mueller <lutz@users.sourceforge.net>
*
* This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with this library; if not, write to the
* Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
* Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
*/
#include <config.h>
#include <libexif/exif-tag.h>
#include <libexif/i18n.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#define ESL_NNNN { EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED }
#define ESL_OOOO { EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_OPTIONAL, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_OPTIONAL, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_OPTIONAL, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_OPTIONAL }
#define ESL_MMMN { EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_MANDATORY, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_MANDATORY, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_MANDATORY, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED }
#define ESL_MMMM { EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_MANDATORY, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_MANDATORY, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_MANDATORY, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_MANDATORY }
#define ESL_OMON { EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_OPTIONAL, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_MANDATORY, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_OPTIONAL, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED }
#define ESL_NNOO { EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_OPTIONAL, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_OPTIONAL }
#define ESL_NNMN { EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_MANDATORY, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED }
#define ESL_NNMM { EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_MANDATORY, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_MANDATORY }
#define ESL_NNNM { EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_MANDATORY }
#define ESL_NNNO { EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED, EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_OPTIONAL }
#define ESL_GPS { ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN }
/*!
* Table giving information about each EXIF tag.
* There may be more than one entry with the same tag value because some tags
* have different meanings depending on the IFD in which they appear.
* When there are such duplicate entries, there must be no overlap in their
* support levels.
* The entries MUST be sorted in tag order.
* The name and title are mandatory, but the description may be an empty
* string. None of the entries may be NULL except the final array terminator.
*/
static const struct TagEntry {
/*! Tag ID. There may be duplicate tags when the same number is used for
* different meanings in different IFDs. */
ExifTag tag;
const char *name;
const char *title;
const char *description;
/*! indexed by the types [ExifIfd][ExifDataType] */
ExifSupportLevel esl[EXIF_IFD_COUNT][EXIF_DATA_TYPE_COUNT];
} ExifTagTable[] = {
#ifndef NO_VERBOSE_TAG_STRINGS
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_VERSION_ID, "GPSVersionID", N_("GPS Tag Version"),
N_("Indicates the version of <GPSInfoIFD>. The version is given "
"as 2.0.0.0. This tag is mandatory when <GPSInfo> tag is "
"present. (Note: The <GPSVersionID> tag is given in bytes, "
"unlike the <ExifVersion> tag. When the version is "
"2.0.0.0, the tag value is 02000000.H)."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_INTEROPERABILITY_INDEX, "InteroperabilityIndex",
N_("Interoperability Index"),
N_("Indicates the identification of the Interoperability rule. "
"Use \"R98\" for stating ExifR98 Rules. Four bytes used "
"including the termination code (NULL). see the separate "
"volume of Recommended Exif Interoperability Rules (ExifR98) "
"for other tags used for ExifR98."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO } },
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_LATITUDE_REF, "GPSLatitudeRef", N_("North or South Latitude"),
N_("Indicates whether the latitude is north or south latitude. The "
"ASCII value 'N' indicates north latitude, and 'S' is south "
"latitude."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_INTEROPERABILITY_VERSION, "InteroperabilityVersion",
N_("Interoperability Version"), "",
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO } },
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_LATITUDE, "GPSLatitude", N_("Latitude"),
N_("Indicates the latitude. The latitude is expressed as three "
"RATIONAL values giving the degrees, minutes, and seconds, "
"respectively. When degrees, minutes and seconds are expressed, "
"the format is dd/1,mm/1,ss/1. When degrees and minutes are used "
"and, for example, fractions of minutes are given up to two "
"decimal places, the format is dd/1,mmmm/100,0/1."),
ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_LONGITUDE_REF, "GPSLongitudeRef", N_("East or West Longitude"),
N_("Indicates whether the longitude is east or west longitude. "
"ASCII 'E' indicates east longitude, and 'W' is west "
"longitude."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_LONGITUDE, "GPSLongitude", N_("Longitude"),
N_("Indicates the longitude. The longitude is expressed as three "
"RATIONAL values giving the degrees, minutes, and seconds, "
"respectively. When degrees, minutes and seconds are expressed, "
"the format is ddd/1,mm/1,ss/1. When degrees and minutes are "
"used and, for example, fractions of minutes are given up to "
"two decimal places, the format is ddd/1,mmmm/100,0/1."),
ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_ALTITUDE_REF, "GPSAltitudeRef", N_("Altitude Reference"),
N_("Indicates the altitude used as the reference altitude. If the "
"reference is sea level and the altitude is above sea level, 0 "
"is given. If the altitude is below sea level, a value of 1 is given "
"and the altitude is indicated as an absolute value in the "
"GSPAltitude tag. The reference unit is meters. Note that this tag "
"is BYTE type, unlike other reference tags."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_ALTITUDE, "GPSAltitude", N_("Altitude"),
N_("Indicates the altitude based on the reference in GPSAltitudeRef. "
"Altitude is expressed as one RATIONAL value. The reference unit "
"is meters."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_TIME_STAMP, "GPSTimeStamp", N_("GPS Time (Atomic Clock)"),
N_("Indicates the time as UTC (Coordinated Universal Time). "
"TimeStamp is expressed as three RATIONAL values giving "
"the hour, minute, and second."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_SATELLITES, "GPSSatellites", N_("GPS Satellites"),
N_("Indicates the GPS satellites used for measurements. This "
"tag can be used to describe the number of satellites, their ID "
"number, angle of elevation, azimuth, SNR and other information "
"in ASCII notation. The format is not specified. If the GPS "
"receiver is incapable of taking measurements, value of the tag "
"shall be set to NULL."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_STATUS, "GPSStatus", N_("GPS Receiver Status"),
N_("Indicates the status of the GPS receiver when the image is "
"recorded. 'A' means measurement is in progress, and 'V' means "
"the measurement is Interoperability."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_MEASURE_MODE, "GPSMeasureMode", N_("GPS Measurement Mode"),
N_("Indicates the GPS measurement mode. '2' means "
"two-dimensional measurement and '3' means three-dimensional "
"measurement is in progress."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_DOP, "GPSDOP", N_("Measurement Precision"),
N_("Indicates the GPS DOP (data degree of precision). An HDOP "
"value is written during two-dimensional measurement, and PDOP "
"during three-dimensional measurement."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_SPEED_REF, "GPSSpeedRef", N_("Speed Unit"),
N_("Indicates the unit used to express the GPS receiver speed "
"of movement. 'K', 'M' and 'N' represent kilometers per hour, "
"miles per hour, and knots."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_SPEED, "GPSSpeed", N_("Speed of GPS Receiver"),
N_("Indicates the speed of GPS receiver movement."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_TRACK_REF, "GPSTrackRef", N_("Reference for direction of movement"),
N_("Indicates the reference for giving the direction of GPS "
"receiver movement. 'T' denotes true direction and 'M' is "
"magnetic direction."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_TRACK, "GPSTrack", N_("Direction of Movement"),
N_("Indicates the direction of GPS receiver movement. The range "
"of values is from 0.00 to 359.99."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_IMG_DIRECTION_REF, "GPSImgDirectionRef", N_("GPS Image Direction Reference"),
N_("Indicates the reference for giving the direction of the image when it is captured. "
"'T' denotes true direction and 'M' is magnetic direction."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_IMG_DIRECTION, "GPSImgDirection", N_("GPS Image Direction"),
N_("Indicates the direction of the image when it was captured. The range of values is "
"from 0.00 to 359.99."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_MAP_DATUM, "GPSMapDatum", N_("Geodetic Survey Data Used"),
N_("Indicates the geodetic survey data used by the GPS "
"receiver. If the survey data is restricted to Japan, the value "
"of this tag is 'TOKYO' or 'WGS-84'. If a GPS Info tag is "
"recorded, it is strongly recommended that this tag be recorded."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_DEST_LATITUDE_REF, "GPSDestLatitudeRef", N_("Reference For Latitude of Destination"),
N_("Indicates whether the latitude of the destination point is "
"north or south latitude. The ASCII value 'N' indicates north "
"latitude, and 'S' is south latitude."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_DEST_LATITUDE, "GPSDestLatitude", N_("Latitude of Destination"),
N_("Indicates the latitude of the destination point. The "
"latitude is expressed as three RATIONAL values giving the "
"degrees, minutes, and seconds, respectively. If latitude is "
"expressed as degrees, minutes and seconds, a typical format "
"would be dd/1,mm/1,ss/1. When degrees and minutes are used and, "
"for example, fractions of minutes are given up to two decimal "
"places, the format would be dd/1,mmmm/100,0/1."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_DEST_LONGITUDE_REF, "GPSDestLongitudeRef", N_("Reference for Longitude of Destination"),
N_("Indicates whether the longitude of the destination point is "
"east or west longitude. ASCII 'E' indicates east longitude, and "
"'W' is west longitude."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_DEST_LONGITUDE, "GPSDestLongitude", N_("Longitude of Destination"),
N_("Indicates the longitude of the destination point. The "
"longitude is expressed as three RATIONAL values giving the "
"degrees, minutes, and seconds, respectively. If longitude is "
"expressed as degrees, minutes and seconds, a typical format "
"would be ddd/1,mm/1,ss/1. When degrees and minutes are used "
"and, for example, fractions of minutes are given up to two "
"decimal places, the format would be ddd/1,mmmm/100,0/1."),
ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_DEST_BEARING_REF, "GPSDestBearingRef", N_("Reference for Bearing of Destination"),
N_("Indicates the reference used for giving the bearing to "
"the destination point. 'T' denotes true direction and 'M' is "
"magnetic direction."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_DEST_BEARING, "GPSDestBearing", N_("Bearing of Destination"),
N_("Indicates the bearing to the destination point. The range "
"of values is from 0.00 to 359.99."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_DEST_DISTANCE_REF, "GPSDestDistanceRef", N_("Reference for Distance to Destination"),
N_("Indicates the unit used to express the distance to the "
"destination point. 'K', 'M' and 'N' represent kilometers, miles "
"and knots."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_DEST_DISTANCE, "GPSDestDistance", N_("Distance to Destination"),
N_("Indicates the distance to the destination point."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_PROCESSING_METHOD, "GPSProcessingMethod", N_("Name of GPS Processing Method"),
N_("A character string recording the name of the method used "
"for location finding. The first byte indicates the character "
"code used, and this is followed by the name "
"of the method. Since the Type is not ASCII, NULL termination is "
"not necessary."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_AREA_INFORMATION, "GPSAreaInformation", N_("Name of GPS Area"),
N_("A character string recording the name of the GPS area. The "
"first byte indicates the character code used, "
"and this is followed by the name of the GPS area. Since "
"the Type is not ASCII, NULL termination is not necessary."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_DATE_STAMP, "GPSDateStamp", N_("GPS Date"),
N_("A character string recording date and time information "
"relative to UTC (Coordinated Universal Time). The format is "
"\"YYYY:MM:DD\". The length of the string is 11 bytes including "
"NULL."), ESL_GPS},
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_DIFFERENTIAL, "GPSDifferential", N_("GPS Differential Correction"),
N_("Indicates whether differential correction is applied to the "
"GPS receiver."), ESL_GPS},
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_NEW_SUBFILE_TYPE, "NewSubfileType",
N_("New Subfile Type"), N_("A general indication of the kind of data "
"contained in this subfile.")},
{EXIF_TAG_IMAGE_WIDTH, "ImageWidth", N_("Image Width"),
N_("The number of columns of image data, equal to the number of "
"pixels per row. In JPEG compressed data a JPEG marker is "
"used instead of this tag."),
{ ESL_MMMN, ESL_MMMN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_IMAGE_LENGTH, "ImageLength", N_("Image Length"),
N_("The number of rows of image data. In JPEG compressed data a "
"JPEG marker is used instead of this tag."),
{ ESL_MMMN, ESL_MMMN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_BITS_PER_SAMPLE, "BitsPerSample", N_("Bits per Sample"),
N_("The number of bits per image component. In this standard each "
"component of the image is 8 bits, so the value for this "
"tag is 8. See also <SamplesPerPixel>. In JPEG compressed data "
"a JPEG marker is used instead of this tag."),
{ ESL_MMMN, ESL_MMMN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_COMPRESSION, "Compression", N_("Compression"),
N_("The compression scheme used for the image data. When a "
"primary image is JPEG compressed, this designation is "
"not necessary and is omitted. When thumbnails use JPEG "
"compression, this tag value is set to 6."),
{ ESL_MMMN, ESL_MMMM, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_PHOTOMETRIC_INTERPRETATION, "PhotometricInterpretation",
N_("Photometric Interpretation"),
N_("The pixel composition. In JPEG compressed data a JPEG "
"marker is used instead of this tag."),
{ ESL_MMMN, ESL_MMMN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_FILL_ORDER, "FillOrder", N_("Fill Order"), ""},
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_DOCUMENT_NAME, "DocumentName", N_("Document Name"), ""},
{EXIF_TAG_IMAGE_DESCRIPTION, "ImageDescription",
N_("Image Description"),
N_("A character string giving the title of the image. It may be "
"a comment such as \"1988 company picnic\" or "
"the like. Two-bytes character codes cannot be used. "
"When a 2-bytes code is necessary, the Exif Private tag "
"<UserComment> is to be used."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_MAKE, "Make", N_("Manufacturer"),
N_("The manufacturer of the recording "
"equipment. This is the manufacturer of the DSC, scanner, "
"video digitizer or other equipment that generated the "
"image. When the field is left blank, it is treated as "
"unknown."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_MODEL, "Model", N_("Model"),
N_("The model name or model number of the equipment. This is the "
"model name or number of the DSC, scanner, video digitizer "
"or other equipment that generated the image. When the field "
"is left blank, it is treated as unknown."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_STRIP_OFFSETS, "StripOffsets", N_("Strip Offsets"),
N_("For each strip, the byte offset of that strip. It is "
"recommended that this be selected so the number of strip "
"bytes does not exceed 64 Kbytes. With JPEG compressed "
"data this designation is not needed and is omitted. See also "
"<RowsPerStrip> and <StripByteCounts>."),
{ ESL_MMMN, ESL_MMMN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_ORIENTATION, "Orientation", N_("Orientation"),
N_("The image orientation viewed in terms of rows and columns."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SAMPLES_PER_PIXEL, "SamplesPerPixel",
N_("Samples per Pixel"),
N_("The number of components per pixel. Since this standard applies "
"to RGB and YCbCr images, the value set for this tag is 3. "
"In JPEG compressed data a JPEG marker is used instead of this "
"tag."),
{ ESL_MMMN, ESL_MMMN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_ROWS_PER_STRIP, "RowsPerStrip", N_("Rows per Strip"),
N_("The number of rows per strip. This is the number of rows "
"in the image of one strip when an image is divided into "
"strips. With JPEG compressed data this designation is not "
"needed and is omitted. See also <StripOffsets> and "
"<StripByteCounts>."),
{ ESL_MMMN, ESL_MMMN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_STRIP_BYTE_COUNTS, "StripByteCounts", N_("Strip Byte Count"),
N_("The total number of bytes in each strip. With JPEG compressed "
"data this designation is not needed and is omitted."),
{ ESL_MMMN, ESL_MMMN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_X_RESOLUTION, "XResolution", N_("X-Resolution"),
N_("The number of pixels per <ResolutionUnit> in the <ImageWidth> "
"direction. When the image resolution is unknown, 72 [dpi] "
"is designated."),
{ ESL_MMMM, ESL_MMMM, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_Y_RESOLUTION, "YResolution", N_("Y-Resolution"),
N_("The number of pixels per <ResolutionUnit> in the <ImageLength> "
"direction. The same value as <XResolution> is designated."),
{ ESL_MMMM, ESL_MMMM, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_PLANAR_CONFIGURATION, "PlanarConfiguration",
N_("Planar Configuration"),
N_("Indicates whether pixel components are recorded in a chunky "
"or planar format. In JPEG compressed files a JPEG marker "
"is used instead of this tag. If this field does not exist, "
"the TIFF default of 1 (chunky) is assumed."),
{ ESL_OMON, ESL_OMON, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_RESOLUTION_UNIT, "ResolutionUnit", N_("Resolution Unit"),
N_("The unit for measuring <XResolution> and <YResolution>. The same "
"unit is used for both <XResolution> and <YResolution>. If "
"the image resolution is unknown, 2 (inches) is designated."),
{ ESL_MMMM, ESL_MMMM, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_TRANSFER_FUNCTION, "TransferFunction",
N_("Transfer Function"),
N_("A transfer function for the image, described in tabular style. "
"Normally this tag is not necessary, since color space is "
"specified in the color space information tag (<ColorSpace>)."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SOFTWARE, "Software", N_("Software"),
N_("This tag records the name and version of the software or "
"firmware of the camera or image input device used to "
"generate the image. The detailed format is not specified, but "
"it is recommended that the example shown below be "
"followed. When the field is left blank, it is treated as "
"unknown."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_DATE_TIME, "DateTime", N_("Date and Time"),
N_("The date and time of image creation. In this standard "
"(EXIF-2.1) it is the date and time the file was changed."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_ARTIST, "Artist", N_("Artist"),
N_("This tag records the name of the camera owner, photographer or "
"image creator. The detailed format is not specified, but it is "
"recommended that the information be written as in the example "
"below for ease of Interoperability. When the field is "
"left blank, it is treated as unknown."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_WHITE_POINT, "WhitePoint", N_("White Point"),
N_("The chromaticity of the white point of the image. Normally "
"this tag is not necessary, since color space is specified "
"in the color space information tag (<ColorSpace>)."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_PRIMARY_CHROMATICITIES, "PrimaryChromaticities",
N_("Primary Chromaticities"),
N_("The chromaticity of the three primary colors of the image. "
"Normally this tag is not necessary, since color space is "
"specified in the color space information tag (<ColorSpace>)."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_SUB_IFDS, "SubIFDs", "SubIFD Offsets", N_("Defined by Adobe Corporation "
"to enable TIFF Trees within a TIFF file.")},
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_TRANSFER_RANGE, "TransferRange", N_("Transfer Range"), ""},
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_JPEG_PROC, "JPEGProc", "JPEGProc", ""},
{EXIF_TAG_JPEG_INTERCHANGE_FORMAT, "JPEGInterchangeFormat",
N_("JPEG Interchange Format"),
N_("The offset to the start byte (SOI) of JPEG compressed "
"thumbnail data. This is not used for primary image "
"JPEG data."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNM, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_JPEG_INTERCHANGE_FORMAT_LENGTH,
"JPEGInterchangeFormatLength", N_("JPEG Interchange Format Length"),
N_("The number of bytes of JPEG compressed thumbnail data. This "
"is not used for primary image JPEG data. JPEG thumbnails "
"are not divided but are recorded as a continuous JPEG "
"bitstream from SOI to EOI. Appn and COM markers should "
"not be recorded. Compressed thumbnails must be recorded in no "
"more than 64 Kbytes, including all other data to be "
"recorded in APP1."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNM, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_YCBCR_COEFFICIENTS, "YCbCrCoefficients",
N_("YCbCr Coefficients"),
N_("The matrix coefficients for transformation from RGB to YCbCr "
"image data. No default is given in TIFF; but here the "
"value given in \"Color Space Guidelines\", is used "
"as the default. The color space is declared in a "
"color space information tag, with the default being the value "
"that gives the optimal image characteristics "
"Interoperability this condition."),
{ ESL_NNOO, ESL_NNOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_YCBCR_SUB_SAMPLING, "YCbCrSubSampling",
N_("YCbCr Sub-Sampling"),
N_("The sampling ratio of chrominance components in relation to the "
"luminance component. In JPEG compressed data a JPEG marker "
"is used instead of this tag."),
{ ESL_NNMN, ESL_NNMN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_YCBCR_POSITIONING, "YCbCrPositioning",
N_("YCbCr Positioning"),
N_("The position of chrominance components in relation to the "
"luminance component. This field is designated only for "
"JPEG compressed data or uncompressed YCbCr data. The TIFF "
"default is 1 (centered); but when Y:Cb:Cr = 4:2:2 it is "
"recommended in this standard that 2 (co-sited) be used to "
"record data, in order to improve the image quality when viewed "
"on TV systems. When this field does not exist, the reader shall "
"assume the TIFF default. In the case of Y:Cb:Cr = 4:2:0, the "
"TIFF default (centered) is recommended. If the reader "
"does not have the capability of supporting both kinds of "
"<YCbCrPositioning>, it shall follow the TIFF default regardless "
"of the value in this field. It is preferable that readers "
"be able to support both centered and co-sited positioning."),
{ ESL_NNMM, ESL_NNOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_REFERENCE_BLACK_WHITE, "ReferenceBlackWhite",
N_("Reference Black/White"),
N_("The reference black point value and reference white point "
"value. No defaults are given in TIFF, but the values "
"below are given as defaults here. The color space is declared "
"in a color space information tag, with the default "
"being the value that gives the optimal image characteristics "
"Interoperability these conditions."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_XML_PACKET, "XMLPacket", N_("XML Packet"), N_("XMP Metadata")},
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_RELATED_IMAGE_FILE_FORMAT, "RelatedImageFileFormat",
"RelatedImageFileFormat", ""},
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_RELATED_IMAGE_WIDTH, "RelatedImageWidth",
"RelatedImageWidth", ""},
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_RELATED_IMAGE_LENGTH, "RelatedImageLength",
"RelatedImageLength", ""},
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_CFA_REPEAT_PATTERN_DIM, "CFARepeatPatternDim",
"CFARepeatPatternDim", ""},
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_CFA_PATTERN, "CFAPattern",
N_("CFA Pattern"),
N_("Indicates the color filter array (CFA) geometric pattern of the "
"image sensor when a one-chip color area sensor is used. "
"It does not apply to all sensing methods.")},
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_BATTERY_LEVEL, "BatteryLevel", N_("Battery Level"), ""},
{EXIF_TAG_COPYRIGHT, "Copyright", N_("Copyright"),
N_("Copyright information. In this standard the tag is used to "
"indicate both the photographer and editor copyrights. It is "
"the copyright notice of the person or organization claiming "
"rights to the image. The Interoperability copyright "
"statement including date and rights should be written in this "
"field; e.g., \"Copyright, John Smith, 19xx. All rights "
"reserved.\". In this standard the field records both the "
"photographer and editor copyrights, with each recorded in a "
"separate part of the statement. When there is a clear "
"distinction between the photographer and editor copyrights, "
"these are to be written in the order of photographer followed "
"by editor copyright, separated by NULL (in this case, "
"since the statement also ends with a NULL, there are two NULL "
"codes) (see example 1). When only the photographer is given, "
"it is terminated by one NULL code (see example 2). When only "
"the editor copyright is given, "
"the photographer copyright part consists of one space followed "
"by a terminating NULL code, then the editor copyright is given "
"(see example 3). When the field is left blank, it is treated "
"as unknown."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_EXPOSURE_TIME, "ExposureTime", N_("Exposure Time"),
N_("Exposure time, given in seconds (sec)."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_FNUMBER, "FNumber", N_("F-Number"),
N_("The F number."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_IPTC_NAA, "IPTC/NAA", "IPTC/NAA", ""},
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_IMAGE_RESOURCES, "ImageResources", N_("Image Resources Block"), ""},
{EXIF_TAG_EXIF_IFD_POINTER, "ExifIfdPointer", "ExifIFDPointer",
N_("A pointer to the Exif IFD. Interoperability, Exif IFD has the "
"same structure as that of the IFD specified in TIFF. "
"ordinarily, however, it does not contain image data as in "
"the case of TIFF."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_INTER_COLOR_PROFILE, "InterColorProfile",
"InterColorProfile", ""},
{EXIF_TAG_EXPOSURE_PROGRAM, "ExposureProgram", N_("Exposure Program"),
N_("The class of the program used by the camera to set exposure "
"when the picture is taken."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SPECTRAL_SENSITIVITY, "SpectralSensitivity",
N_("Spectral Sensitivity"),
N_("Indicates the spectral sensitivity of each channel of the "
"camera used. The tag value is an ASCII string compatible "
"with the standard developed by the ASTM Technical Committee."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_GPS_INFO_IFD_POINTER, "GPSInfoIFDPointer",
N_("GPS Info IFD Pointer"),
N_("A pointer to the GPS Info IFD. The "
"Interoperability structure of the GPS Info IFD, like that of "
"Exif IFD, has no image data."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_ISO_SPEED_RATINGS, "ISOSpeedRatings",
N_("ISO Speed Ratings"),
N_("Indicates the ISO Speed and ISO Latitude of the camera or "
"input device as specified in ISO 12232."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_OECF, "OECF", N_("Opto-Electronic Conversion Function"),
N_("Indicates the Opto-Electronic Conversion Function (OECF) "
"specified in ISO 14524. <OECF> is the relationship between "
"the camera optical input and the image values."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_TIME_ZONE_OFFSET, "TimeZoneOffset", N_("Time Zone Offset"),
N_("Encodes time zone of camera clock relative to GMT.")},
{EXIF_TAG_EXIF_VERSION, "ExifVersion", N_("Exif Version"),
N_("The version of this standard supported. Nonexistence of this "
"field is taken to mean nonconformance to the standard."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_MMMM, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_DATE_TIME_ORIGINAL, "DateTimeOriginal",
N_("Date and Time (Original)"),
N_("The date and time when the original image data was generated. "
"For a digital still camera "
"the date and time the picture was taken are recorded."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_DATE_TIME_DIGITIZED, "DateTimeDigitized",
N_("Date and Time (Digitized)"),
N_("The date and time when the image was stored as digital data."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_COMPONENTS_CONFIGURATION, "ComponentsConfiguration",
N_("Components Configuration"),
N_("Information specific to compressed data. The channels of "
"each component are arranged in order from the 1st "
"component to the 4th. For uncompressed data the data "
"arrangement is given in the <PhotometricInterpretation> tag. "
"However, since <PhotometricInterpretation> can only "
"express the order of Y, Cb and Cr, this tag is provided "
"for cases when compressed data uses components other than "
"Y, Cb, and Cr and to enable support of other sequences."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNM, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_COMPRESSED_BITS_PER_PIXEL, "CompressedBitsPerPixel",
N_("Compressed Bits per Pixel"),
N_("Information specific to compressed data. The compression mode "
"used for a compressed image is indicated in unit bits "
"per pixel."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SHUTTER_SPEED_VALUE, "ShutterSpeedValue", N_("Shutter Speed"),
N_("Shutter speed. The unit is the APEX (Additive System of "
"Photographic Exposure) setting."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_APERTURE_VALUE, "ApertureValue", N_("Aperture"),
N_("The lens aperture. The unit is the APEX value."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_BRIGHTNESS_VALUE, "BrightnessValue", N_("Brightness"),
N_("The value of brightness. The unit is the APEX value. "
"Ordinarily it is given in the range of -99.99 to 99.99."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_EXPOSURE_BIAS_VALUE, "ExposureBiasValue",
N_("Exposure Bias"),
N_("The exposure bias. The units is the APEX value. Ordinarily "
"it is given in the range of -99.99 to 99.99."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_MAX_APERTURE_VALUE, "MaxApertureValue", N_("Maximum Aperture Value"),
N_("The smallest F number of the lens. The unit is the APEX value. "
"Ordinarily it is given in the range of 00.00 to 99.99, "
"but it is not limited to this range."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SUBJECT_DISTANCE, "SubjectDistance",
N_("Subject Distance"),
N_("The distance to the subject, given in meters."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_METERING_MODE, "MeteringMode", N_("Metering Mode"),
N_("The metering mode."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_LIGHT_SOURCE, "LightSource", N_("Light Source"),
N_("The kind of light source."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_FLASH, "Flash", N_("Flash"),
N_("This tag is recorded when an image is taken using a strobe "
"light (flash)."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_FOCAL_LENGTH, "FocalLength", N_("Focal Length"),
N_("The actual focal length of the lens, in mm. Conversion is not "
"made to the focal length of a 35 mm film camera."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SUBJECT_AREA, "SubjectArea", N_("Subject Area"),
N_("This tag indicates the location and area of the main subject "
"in the overall scene."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_TIFF_EP_STANDARD_ID, "TIFF/EPStandardID", N_("TIFF/EP Standard ID"), ""},
{EXIF_TAG_MAKER_NOTE, "MakerNote", N_("Maker Note"),
N_("A tag for manufacturers of Exif writers to record any desired "
"information. The contents are up to the manufacturer."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_USER_COMMENT, "UserComment", N_("User Comment"),
N_("A tag for Exif users to write keywords or comments on the image "
"besides those in <ImageDescription>, and without the "
"character code limitations of the <ImageDescription> tag. The "
"character code used in the <UserComment> tag is identified "
"based on an ID code in a fixed 8-byte area at the start of "
"the tag data area. The unused portion of the area is padded "
"with NULL (\"00.h\"). ID codes are assigned by means of "
"registration. The designation method and references for each "
"character code are defined in the specification. The value of "
"CountN is determined based on the 8 bytes in the character code "
"area and the number of bytes in the user comment part. Since "
"the TYPE is not ASCII, NULL termination is not necessary. "
"The ID code for the <UserComment> area may be a Defined code "
"such as JIS or ASCII, or may be Undefined. The Undefined name "
"is UndefinedText, and the ID code is filled with 8 bytes of all "
"\"NULL\" (\"00.H\"). An Exif reader that reads the "
"<UserComment> tag must have a function for determining the "
"ID code. This function is not required in Exif readers that "
"do not use the <UserComment> tag. "
"When a <UserComment> area is set aside, it is recommended that "
"the ID code be ASCII and that the following user comment "
"part be filled with blank characters [20.H]."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SUB_SEC_TIME, "SubsecTime", N_("Sub-second Time"),
N_("A tag used to record fractions of seconds for the "
"<DateTime> tag."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SUB_SEC_TIME_ORIGINAL, "SubSecTimeOriginal",
N_("Sub-second Time (Original)"),
N_("A tag used to record fractions of seconds for the "
"<DateTimeOriginal> tag."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SUB_SEC_TIME_DIGITIZED, "SubSecTimeDigitized",
N_("Sub-second Time (Digitized)"),
N_("A tag used to record fractions of seconds for the "
"<DateTimeDigitized> tag."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 (Microsoft extension) */
{EXIF_TAG_XP_TITLE, "XPTitle", N_("XP Title"),
N_("A character string giving the title of the image, encoded in "
"UTF-16LE."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 (Microsoft extension) */
{EXIF_TAG_XP_COMMENT, "XPComment", N_("XP Comment"),
N_("A character string containing a comment about the image, encoded "
"in UTF-16LE."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 (Microsoft extension) */
{EXIF_TAG_XP_AUTHOR, "XPAuthor", N_("XP Author"),
N_("A character string containing the name of the image creator, "
"encoded in UTF-16LE."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 (Microsoft extension) */
{EXIF_TAG_XP_KEYWORDS, "XPKeywords", N_("XP Keywords"),
N_("A character string containing key words describing the image, "
"encoded in UTF-16LE."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 (Microsoft extension) */
{EXIF_TAG_XP_SUBJECT, "XPSubject", N_("XP Subject"),
N_("A character string giving the image subject, encoded in "
"UTF-16LE."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_FLASH_PIX_VERSION, "FlashPixVersion", "FlashPixVersion",
N_("The FlashPix format version supported by a FPXR file."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_MMMM, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_COLOR_SPACE, "ColorSpace", N_("Color Space"),
N_("The color space information tag is always "
"recorded as the color space specifier. Normally sRGB (=1) "
"is used to define the color space based on the PC monitor "
"conditions and environment. If a color space other than "
"sRGB is used, Uncalibrated (=FFFF.H) is set. Image data "
"recorded as Uncalibrated can be treated as sRGB when it is "
"converted to FlashPix."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_MMMM, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_PIXEL_X_DIMENSION, "PixelXDimension", N_("Pixel X Dimension"),
N_("Information specific to compressed data. When a "
"compressed file is recorded, the valid width of the "
"meaningful image must be recorded in this tag, whether or "
"not there is padding data or a restart marker. This tag "
"should not exist in an uncompressed file."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNM, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_PIXEL_Y_DIMENSION, "PixelYDimension", N_("Pixel Y Dimension"),
N_("Information specific to compressed data. When a compressed "
"file is recorded, the valid height of the meaningful image "
"must be recorded in this tag, whether or not there is padding "
"data or a restart marker. This tag should not exist in an "
"uncompressed file. "
"Since data padding is unnecessary in the vertical direction, "
"the number of lines recorded in this valid image height tag "
"will in fact be the same as that recorded in the SOF."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNM, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_RELATED_SOUND_FILE, "RelatedSoundFile",
N_("Related Sound File"),
N_("This tag is used to record the name of an audio file related "
"to the image data. The only relational information "
"recorded here is the Exif audio file name and extension (an "
"ASCII string consisting of 8 characters + '.' + 3 "
"characters). The path is not recorded. Stipulations on audio "
"and file naming conventions are defined in the specification. "
"When using this tag, audio files must be recorded in "
"conformance to the Exif audio format. Writers are also allowed "
"to store the data such as Audio within APP2 as FlashPix "
"extension stream data. "
"The mapping of Exif image files and audio files is done "
"in any of three ways, [1], [2] and [3]. If multiple files "
"are mapped to one file as in [2] or [3], the above "
"format is used to record just one audio file name. If "
"there are multiple audio files, the first recorded file is "
"given. In the case of [3], for example, for the "
"Exif image file \"DSC00001.JPG\" only \"SND00001.WAV\" is "
"given as the related Exif audio file. When there are three "
"Exif audio files \"SND00001.WAV\", \"SND00002.WAV\" and "
"\"SND00003.WAV\", the Exif image file name for each of them, "
"\"DSC00001.JPG\", is indicated. By combining multiple "
"relational information, a variety of playback possibilities "
"can be supported. The method of using relational information "
"is left to the implementation on the playback side. Since this "
"information is an ASCII character string, it is terminated by "
"NULL. When this tag is used to map audio files, the relation "
"of the audio file to image data must also be indicated on the "
"audio file end."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_INTEROPERABILITY_IFD_POINTER, "InteroperabilityIFDPointer",
N_("Interoperability IFD Pointer"),
N_("Interoperability IFD is composed of tags which stores the "
"information to ensure the Interoperability and pointed "
"by the following tag located in Exif IFD. "
"The Interoperability structure of Interoperability IFD is "
"the same as TIFF defined IFD structure "
"but does not contain the "
"image data characteristically compared with normal TIFF "
"IFD."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_FLASH_ENERGY, "FlashEnergy", N_("Flash Energy"),
N_("Indicates the strobe energy at the time the image is "
"captured, as measured in Beam Candle Power Seconds (BCPS)."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SPATIAL_FREQUENCY_RESPONSE, "SpatialFrequencyResponse",
N_("Spatial Frequency Response"),
N_("This tag records the camera or input device spatial frequency "
"table and SFR values in the direction of image width, "
"image height, and diagonal direction, as specified in ISO "
"12233."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_FOCAL_PLANE_X_RESOLUTION, "FocalPlaneXResolution",
N_("Focal Plane X-Resolution"),
N_("Indicates the number of pixels in the image width (X) direction "
"per <FocalPlaneResolutionUnit> on the camera focal plane."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_FOCAL_PLANE_Y_RESOLUTION, "FocalPlaneYResolution",
N_("Focal Plane Y-Resolution"),
N_("Indicates the number of pixels in the image height (V) direction "
"per <FocalPlaneResolutionUnit> on the camera focal plane."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_FOCAL_PLANE_RESOLUTION_UNIT, "FocalPlaneResolutionUnit",
N_("Focal Plane Resolution Unit"),
N_("Indicates the unit for measuring <FocalPlaneXResolution> and "
"<FocalPlaneYResolution>. This value is the same as the "
"<ResolutionUnit>."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SUBJECT_LOCATION, "SubjectLocation",
N_("Subject Location"),
N_("Indicates the location of the main subject in the scene. The "
"value of this tag represents the pixel at the center of the "
"main subject relative to the left edge, prior to rotation "
"processing as per the <Rotation> tag. The first value "
"indicates the X column number and the second indicates "
"the Y row number."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_EXPOSURE_INDEX, "ExposureIndex", N_("Exposure Index"),
N_("Indicates the exposure index selected on the camera or "
"input device at the time the image is captured."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SENSING_METHOD, "SensingMethod", N_("Sensing Method"),
N_("Indicates the image sensor type on the camera or input "
"device."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_FILE_SOURCE, "FileSource", N_("File Source"),
N_("Indicates the image source. If a DSC recorded the image, "
"the tag value of this tag always be set to 3, indicating "
"that the image was recorded on a DSC."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SCENE_TYPE, "SceneType", N_("Scene Type"),
N_("Indicates the type of scene. If a DSC recorded the image, "
"this tag value must always be set to 1, indicating that the "
"image was directly photographed."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_NEW_CFA_PATTERN, "CFAPattern",
N_("CFA Pattern"),
N_("Indicates the color filter array (CFA) geometric pattern of the "
"image sensor when a one-chip color area sensor is used. "
"It does not apply to all sensing methods."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_CUSTOM_RENDERED, "CustomRendered", N_("Custom Rendered"),
N_("This tag indicates the use of special processing on image "
"data, such as rendering geared to output. When special "
"processing is performed, the reader is expected to disable "
"or minimize any further processing."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_EXPOSURE_MODE, "ExposureMode", N_("Exposure Mode"),
N_("This tag indicates the exposure mode set when the image was "
"shot. In auto-bracketing mode, the camera shoots a series of "
"frames of the same scene at different exposure settings."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_WHITE_BALANCE, "WhiteBalance", N_("White Balance"),
N_("This tag indicates the white balance mode set when the image "
"was shot."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_DIGITAL_ZOOM_RATIO, "DigitalZoomRatio",
N_("Digital Zoom Ratio"),
N_("This tag indicates the digital zoom ratio when the image was "
"shot. If the numerator of the recorded value is 0, this "
"indicates that digital zoom was not used."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_FOCAL_LENGTH_IN_35MM_FILM, "FocalLengthIn35mmFilm",
N_("Focal Length in 35mm Film"),
N_("This tag indicates the equivalent focal length assuming a "
"35mm film camera, in mm. A value of 0 means the focal "
"length is unknown. Note that this tag differs from the "
"FocalLength tag."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SCENE_CAPTURE_TYPE, "SceneCaptureType",
N_("Scene Capture Type"),
N_("This tag indicates the type of scene that was shot. It can "
"also be used to record the mode in which the image was "
"shot. Note that this differs from the scene type "
"<SceneType> tag."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_GAIN_CONTROL, "GainControl", N_("Gain Control"),
N_("This tag indicates the degree of overall image gain "
"adjustment."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_CONTRAST, "Contrast", N_("Contrast"),
N_("This tag indicates the direction of contrast processing "
"applied by the camera when the image was shot."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SATURATION, "Saturation", N_("Saturation"),
N_("This tag indicates the direction of saturation processing "
"applied by the camera when the image was shot."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SHARPNESS, "Sharpness", N_("Sharpness"),
N_("This tag indicates the direction of sharpness processing "
"applied by the camera when the image was shot."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_DEVICE_SETTING_DESCRIPTION, "DeviceSettingDescription",
N_("Device Setting Description"),
N_("This tag indicates information on the picture-taking "
"conditions of a particular camera model. The tag is used "
"only to indicate the picture-taking conditions in the "
"reader."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_SUBJECT_DISTANCE_RANGE, "SubjectDistanceRange",
N_("Subject Distance Range"),
N_("This tag indicates the distance to the subject."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
{EXIF_TAG_IMAGE_UNIQUE_ID, "ImageUniqueID", N_("Image Unique ID"),
N_("This tag indicates an identifier assigned uniquely to "
"each image. It is recorded as an ASCII string equivalent "
"to hexadecimal notation and 128-bit fixed length."),
{ ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_GAMMA, "Gamma", N_("Gamma"),
N_("Indicates the value of coefficient gamma.")},
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 */
{EXIF_TAG_PRINT_IMAGE_MATCHING, "PrintImageMatching", N_("PRINT Image Matching"),
N_("Related to Epson's PRINT Image Matching technology")},
/* Not in EXIF 2.2 (from the Microsoft HD Photo specification) */
{EXIF_TAG_PADDING, "Padding", N_("Padding"),
N_("This tag reserves space that can be reclaimed later when "
"additional metadata are added. New metadata can be written "
"in place by replacing this tag with a smaller data element "
"and using the reclaimed space to store the new or expanded "
"metadata tags."),
{ ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_OOOO, ESL_NNNN, ESL_NNNN } },
#endif
{0, NULL, NULL, NULL}
};
/* For now, do not use these functions. */
/*!
* Return the number of entries in the EXIF tag table, including the
* terminating NULL entry.
*/
inline unsigned int
exif_tag_table_count (void)
{
return sizeof (ExifTagTable) / sizeof (ExifTagTable[0]);
}
ExifTag
exif_tag_table_get_tag (unsigned int n)
{
return (n < exif_tag_table_count ()) ? ExifTagTable[n].tag : 0;
}
const char *
exif_tag_table_get_name (unsigned int n)
{
return (n < exif_tag_table_count ()) ? ExifTagTable[n].name : NULL;
}
/*!
* Compares the tag with that in entry.
* \param[in] tag pointer to integer tag value
* \param[in] entry pointer to a struct TagEntry
* \return 0 if tags are equal, <0 if tag < entry, >0 if tag > entry
*/
static int
match_tag(const void *tag, const void *entry)
{
return *(int*)tag - ((struct TagEntry *)entry)->tag;
}
/*!
* Finds the first entry in the EXIF tag table with the given tag number
* using a binary search.
* \param[in] tag to find
* \return index into table, or -1 if not found
*/
static int
exif_tag_table_first(ExifTag tag)
{
int i;
struct TagEntry *entry = bsearch(&tag, ExifTagTable,
exif_tag_table_count()-1, sizeof(struct TagEntry), match_tag);
if (!entry)
return -1; /* Not found */
/* Calculate index of found entry */
i = entry - ExifTagTable;
/* There may be other entries with the same tag number, so search
* backwards to find the first
*/
while ((i > 0) && (ExifTagTable[i-1].tag == tag)) {
--i;
}
return i;
}
#define RECORDED \
((ExifTagTable[i].esl[ifd][EXIF_DATA_TYPE_UNCOMPRESSED_CHUNKY] != EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED) || \
(ExifTagTable[i].esl[ifd][EXIF_DATA_TYPE_UNCOMPRESSED_PLANAR] != EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED) || \
(ExifTagTable[i].esl[ifd][EXIF_DATA_TYPE_UNCOMPRESSED_YCC] != EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED) || \
(ExifTagTable[i].esl[ifd][EXIF_DATA_TYPE_COMPRESSED] != EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED))
const char *
exif_tag_get_name_in_ifd (ExifTag tag, ExifIfd ifd)
{
unsigned int i;
int first;
if (ifd >= EXIF_IFD_COUNT)
return NULL;
first = exif_tag_table_first(tag);
if (first < 0)
return NULL;
for (i = first; ExifTagTable[i].name; i++) {
if (ExifTagTable[i].tag == tag) {
if (RECORDED)
break;
} else
return NULL; /* Recorded tag not found in the table */
}
return ExifTagTable[i].name;
}
const char *
exif_tag_get_title_in_ifd (ExifTag tag, ExifIfd ifd)
{
unsigned int i;
int first;
if (ifd >= EXIF_IFD_COUNT)
return NULL;
first = exif_tag_table_first(tag);
if (first < 0)
return NULL;
for (i = first; ExifTagTable[i].name; i++) {
if (ExifTagTable[i].tag == tag) {
if (RECORDED)
break;
} else
return NULL; /* Recorded tag not found in the table */
}
/* FIXME: This belongs to somewhere else. */
/* libexif should use the default system locale.
* If an application specifically requires UTF-8, then we
* must give the application a way to tell libexif that.
*
* bind_textdomain_codeset (GETTEXT_PACKAGE, "UTF-8");
*/
#if defined(BIND_TEXTDOMAIN)
bindtextdomain (GETTEXT_PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
#endif
return _(ExifTagTable[i].title);
}
const char *
exif_tag_get_description_in_ifd (ExifTag tag, ExifIfd ifd)
{
unsigned int i;
int first;
if (ifd >= EXIF_IFD_COUNT)
return NULL;
first = exif_tag_table_first(tag);
if (first < 0)
return NULL;
for (i = first; ExifTagTable[i].name; i++) {
if (ExifTagTable[i].tag == tag) {
if (RECORDED)
break;
} else
return NULL; /* Recorded tag not found in the table */
}
/* GNU gettext acts strangely when given an empty string */
if (!ExifTagTable[i].description || !*ExifTagTable[i].description)
return "";
/* libexif should use the default system locale.
* If an application specifically requires UTF-8, then we
* must give the application a way to tell libexif that.
*
* bind_textdomain_codeset (GETTEXT_PACKAGE, "UTF-8");
*/
#if defined(BIND_TEXTDOMAIN)
bindtextdomain (GETTEXT_PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
#endif
return _(ExifTagTable[i].description);
}
/**********************************************************************
* convenience functions
**********************************************************************/
/* generic part: iterate through IFD list and return first result */
typedef const char * (*get_stuff_func) (ExifTag tag, ExifIfd ifd);
static const char *
exif_tag_get_stuff (ExifTag tag, get_stuff_func func)
{
/* Search IFDs in this order, in decreasing order of number of valid tags */
static const ExifIfd ifds[EXIF_IFD_COUNT] = {
EXIF_IFD_EXIF,
EXIF_IFD_0,
EXIF_IFD_1,
EXIF_IFD_INTEROPERABILITY,
EXIF_IFD_GPS
};
int i;
for (i=0; i<EXIF_IFD_COUNT; i++) {
const char *result = func(tag, ifds[i]);
if (result != NULL) {
return result;
}
}
return (const char *) NULL;
}
/* explicit functions */
const char *
exif_tag_get_name (ExifTag tag)
{
return exif_tag_get_stuff(tag, exif_tag_get_name_in_ifd);
}
const char *
exif_tag_get_title (ExifTag tag)
{
return exif_tag_get_stuff(tag, exif_tag_get_title_in_ifd);
}
const char *
exif_tag_get_description (ExifTag tag)
{
return exif_tag_get_stuff(tag, exif_tag_get_description_in_ifd);
}
ExifTag
exif_tag_from_name (const char *name)
{
unsigned int i;
unsigned int result=0;
if (!name) return 0;
for (i = 0; ExifTagTable[i].name; i++)
if (!strcmp (ExifTagTable[i].name, name)) {
result = ExifTagTable[i].tag;
break;
}
return result;
}
/*! Return the support level of a tag in the given IFD with the given data
* type. If the tag is not specified in the EXIF standard, this function
* returns EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED.
*
* \param[in] tag EXIF tag
* \param[in] ifd a valid IFD (not EXIF_IFD_COUNT)
* \param[in] t a valid data type (not EXIF_DATA_TYPE_UNKNOWN)
* \return the level of support for this tag
*/
static inline ExifSupportLevel
get_support_level_in_ifd (ExifTag tag, ExifIfd ifd, ExifDataType t)
{
unsigned int i;
int first = exif_tag_table_first(tag);
if (first < 0)
return EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED;
for (i = first; ExifTagTable[i].name; i++) {
if (ExifTagTable[i].tag == tag) {
const ExifSupportLevel supp = ExifTagTable[i].esl[ifd][t];
if (supp != EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED)
return supp;
/* Try looking for another entry */
} else {
break; /* We've reached the end of the matching tags */
}
}
return EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED;
}
/*! Return the support level of a tag in the given IFD, regardless of the
* data type. If the support level varies depending on the data type, this
* function returns EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_UNKNOWN. If the tag is not specified
* in the EXIF standard, this function returns EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_UNKNOWN.
*
* \param[in] tag EXIF tag
* \param[in] ifd a valid IFD (not EXIF_IFD_COUNT)
* \return the level of support for this tag
*/
static inline ExifSupportLevel
get_support_level_any_type (ExifTag tag, ExifIfd ifd)
{
unsigned int i;
int first = exif_tag_table_first(tag);
if (first < 0)
return EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_UNKNOWN;
for (i = first; ExifTagTable[i].name; i++) {
if (ExifTagTable[i].tag == tag) {
/*
* Check whether the support level is the same for all possible
* data types and isn't marked not recorded.
*/
const ExifSupportLevel supp = ExifTagTable[i].esl[ifd][0];
/* If level is not recorded, keep searching for another */
if (supp != EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_NOT_RECORDED) {
unsigned int dt;
for (dt = 0; dt < EXIF_DATA_TYPE_COUNT; ++dt) {
if (ExifTagTable[i].esl[ifd][dt] != supp)
break;
}
if (dt == EXIF_DATA_TYPE_COUNT)
/* Support level is always the same, so return it */
return supp;
}
/* Keep searching the table for another tag for our IFD */
} else {
break; /* We've reached the end of the matching tags */
}
}
return EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_UNKNOWN;
}
ExifSupportLevel
exif_tag_get_support_level_in_ifd (ExifTag tag, ExifIfd ifd, ExifDataType t)
{
if (ifd >= EXIF_IFD_COUNT)
return EXIF_SUPPORT_LEVEL_UNKNOWN;
if (t >= EXIF_DATA_TYPE_COUNT)
return get_support_level_any_type (tag, ifd);
return get_support_level_in_ifd (tag, ifd, t);
}