blob: 1e70d5ffe0c5ebe0a7cb17c884c383bfb9a60fc5 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* \file libusb1-glue.c
* Low-level USB interface glue towards libusb.
*
* Copyright (C) 2005-2007 Richard A. Low <richard@wentnet.com>
* Copyright (C) 2005-2012 Linus Walleij <triad@df.lth.se>
* Copyright (C) 2006-2012 Marcus Meissner
* Copyright (C) 2007 Ted Bullock
* Copyright (C) 2008 Chris Bagwell <chris@cnpbagwell.com>
*
* This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with this library; if not, write to the
* Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
* Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
*
* Created by Richard Low on 24/12/2005. (as mtp-utils.c)
* Modified by Linus Walleij 2006-03-06
* (Notice that Anglo-Saxons use little-endian dates and Swedes
* use big-endian dates.)
*
*/
#include "config.h"
#include "libmtp.h"
#include "libusb-glue.h"
#include "device-flags.h"
#include "util.h"
#include "ptp.h"
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "ptp-pack.c"
/*
* Default USB timeout length. This can be overridden as needed
* but should start with a reasonable value so most common
* requests can be completed. The original value of 4000 was
* not long enough for large file transfer. Also, players can
* spend a bit of time collecting data. Higher values also
* make connecting/disconnecting more reliable.
*/
#define USB_TIMEOUT_DEFAULT 20000
#define USB_TIMEOUT_LONG 60000
static inline int get_timeout(PTP_USB* ptp_usb)
{
if (FLAG_LONG_TIMEOUT(ptp_usb)) {
return USB_TIMEOUT_LONG;
}
return USB_TIMEOUT_DEFAULT;
}
/* USB Feature selector HALT */
#ifndef USB_FEATURE_HALT
#define USB_FEATURE_HALT 0x00
#endif
/* Internal data types */
struct mtpdevice_list_struct {
libusb_device *device;
PTPParams *params;
PTP_USB *ptp_usb;
uint32_t bus_location;
struct mtpdevice_list_struct *next;
};
typedef struct mtpdevice_list_struct mtpdevice_list_t;
static const LIBMTP_device_entry_t mtp_device_table[] = {
/* We include an .h file which is shared between us and libgphoto2 */
#include "music-players.h"
};
static const int mtp_device_table_size = sizeof(mtp_device_table) / sizeof(LIBMTP_device_entry_t);
// Local functions
static LIBMTP_error_number_t init_usb();
static void close_usb(PTP_USB* ptp_usb);
static int find_interface_and_endpoints(libusb_device *dev,
uint8_t *interface,
int* inep,
int* inep_maxpacket,
int* outep,
int* outep_maxpacket,
int* intep);
static void clear_stall(PTP_USB* ptp_usb);
static int init_ptp_usb (PTPParams* params, PTP_USB* ptp_usb, libusb_device* dev);
static short ptp_write_func (unsigned long,PTPDataHandler*,void *data,unsigned long*);
static short ptp_read_func (unsigned long,PTPDataHandler*,void *data,unsigned long*,int);
static int usb_get_endpoint_status(PTP_USB* ptp_usb, int ep, uint16_t* status);
/**
* Get a list of the supported USB devices.
*
* The developers depend on users of this library to constantly
* add in to the list of supported devices. What we need is the
* device name, USB Vendor ID (VID) and USB Product ID (PID).
* put this into a bug ticket at the project homepage, please.
* The VID/PID is used to let e.g. udev lift the device to
* console userspace access when it's plugged in.
*
* @param devices a pointer to a pointer that will hold a device
* list after the call to this function, if it was
* successful.
* @param numdevs a pointer to an integer that will hold the number
* of devices in the device list if the call was successful.
* @return 0 if the list was successfull retrieved, any other
* value means failure.
*/
int LIBMTP_Get_Supported_Devices_List(LIBMTP_device_entry_t ** const devices, int * const numdevs)
{
*devices = (LIBMTP_device_entry_t *) &mtp_device_table;
*numdevs = mtp_device_table_size;
return 0;
}
static LIBMTP_error_number_t init_usb()
{
/*
* Some additional libusb debugging please.
* We use the same level debug between MTP and USB.
*/
if (libusb_init(NULL) < 0) {
LIBMTP_ERROR("Libusb1 init failed\n");
return LIBMTP_ERROR_USB_LAYER;
}
if ((LIBMTP_debug & LIBMTP_DEBUG_USB) != 0)
libusb_set_debug(NULL,9);
return LIBMTP_ERROR_NONE;
}
/**
* Small recursive function to append a new usb_device to the linked list of
* USB MTP devices
* @param devlist dynamic linked list of pointers to usb devices with MTP
* properties, to be extended with new device.
* @param newdevice the new device to add.
* @param bus_location bus for this device.
* @return an extended array or NULL on failure.
*/
static mtpdevice_list_t *append_to_mtpdevice_list(mtpdevice_list_t *devlist,
libusb_device *newdevice,
uint32_t bus_location)
{
mtpdevice_list_t *new_list_entry;
new_list_entry = (mtpdevice_list_t *) malloc(sizeof(mtpdevice_list_t));
if (new_list_entry == NULL) {
return NULL;
}
// Fill in USB device, if we *HAVE* to make a copy of the device do it here.
new_list_entry->device = newdevice;
new_list_entry->bus_location = bus_location;
new_list_entry->next = NULL;
if (devlist == NULL) {
return new_list_entry;
} else {
mtpdevice_list_t *tmp = devlist;
while (tmp->next != NULL) {
tmp = tmp->next;
}
tmp->next = new_list_entry;
}
return devlist;
}
/**
* Small recursive function to free dynamic memory allocated to the linked list
* of USB MTP devices
* @param devlist dynamic linked list of pointers to usb devices with MTP
* properties.
* @return nothing
*/
static void free_mtpdevice_list(mtpdevice_list_t *devlist)
{
mtpdevice_list_t *tmplist = devlist;
if (devlist == NULL)
return;
while (tmplist != NULL) {
mtpdevice_list_t *tmp = tmplist;
tmplist = tmplist->next;
// Do not free() the fields (ptp_usb, params)! These are used elsewhere.
free(tmp);
}
return;
}
/**
* This checks if a device is a PTP device or has an MTP descriptor. The
* descriptor was elaborated about in gPhoto bug 1482084, and some official
* documentation with no strings attached was published by Microsoft at
* http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/system/bus/USB/USBFAQ_intermed.mspx#E3HAC
*
* @param dev a device struct from libusb.
* @param dumpfile set to non-NULL to make the descriptors dump out
* to this file in human-readable hex so we can scruitinze them.
* @return 1 if the device is PTP or MTP compliant, 0 if not.
*/
static int probe_device_descriptor(libusb_device *dev, FILE *dumpfile)
{
libusb_device_handle *devh;
unsigned char buf[1024], cmd;
int i;
int ret;
/* This is to indicate if we find some vendor interface */
int found_vendor_spec_interface = 0;
struct libusb_device_descriptor desc;
ret = libusb_get_device_descriptor (dev, &desc);
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) return 0;
/*
* Don't examine devices that are not likely to
* contain any MTP interface, update this the day
* you find some weird combination...
*/
if (!(desc.bDeviceClass == LIBUSB_CLASS_PER_INTERFACE ||
desc.bDeviceClass == LIBUSB_CLASS_COMM ||
desc.bDeviceClass == LIBUSB_CLASS_PTP ||
desc.bDeviceClass == 0xEF || /* Intf. Association Desc.*/
desc.bDeviceClass == LIBUSB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC)) {
return 0;
}
/*
* Attempt to open Device on this port
*
* TODO: is there a way to check the number of endpoints etc WITHOUT
* opening the device? Some color calibration devices are REALLY
* sensitive to this, and I found a Canon custom scanner that doesn't
* like it at all either :-(
*/
ret = libusb_open(dev, &devh);
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) {
/* Could not open this device */
return 0;
}
/*
* Loop over the device configurations and interfaces. Nokia MTP-capable
* handsets (possibly others) typically have the string "MTP" in their
* MTP interface descriptions, that's how they can be detected, before
* we try the more esoteric "OS descriptors" (below).
*/
for (i = 0; i < desc.bNumConfigurations; i++) {
uint8_t j;
struct libusb_config_descriptor *config;
ret = libusb_get_config_descriptor (dev, i, &config);
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) {
LIBMTP_INFO("configdescriptor %d get failed with ret %d in probe_device_descriptor yet dev->descriptor.bNumConfigurations > 0\n", i, ret);
continue;
}
for (j = 0; j < config->bNumInterfaces; j++) {
int k;
for (k = 0; k < config->interface[j].num_altsetting; k++) {
/* Current interface descriptor */
const struct libusb_interface_descriptor *intf =
&config->interface[j].altsetting[k];
/*
* MTP interfaces have three endpoints, two bulk and one
* interrupt. Don't probe anything else.
*/
if (intf->bNumEndpoints != 3)
continue;
/*
* We only want to probe for the OS descriptor if the
* device is LIBUSB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC or one of the interfaces
* in it is, so flag if we find an interface like this.
*/
if (intf->bInterfaceClass == LIBUSB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC) {
found_vendor_spec_interface = 1;
}
/*
* Check for Still Image Capture class with PIMA 15740 protocol,
* also known as PTP
*/
if (intf->bInterfaceClass == LIBUSB_CLASS_PTP
&& intf->bInterfaceSubClass == 0x01
&& intf->bInterfaceProtocol == 0x01) {
if (dumpfile != NULL) {
fprintf(dumpfile, " Found PTP device, check vendor "
"extension...\n");
}
libusb_close(devh);
return 1;
}
/*
* Next we search for the MTP substring in the interface name.
* For example : "RIM MS/MTP" should work.
*/
buf[0] = '\0';
ret = libusb_get_string_descriptor_ascii(devh,
config->interface[j].altsetting[k].iInterface,
buf,
1024);
if (ret < 3)
continue;
if (strstr((char *) buf, "MTP") != NULL) {
if (dumpfile != NULL) {
fprintf(dumpfile, "Configuration %d, interface %d, altsetting %d:\n", i, j, k);
fprintf(dumpfile, " Interface description contains the string \"MTP\"\n");
fprintf(dumpfile, " Device recognized as MTP, no further probing.\n");
}
libusb_free_config_descriptor (config);
libusb_close(devh);
return 1;
}
if (libusb_kernel_driver_active(devh, config->interface[j].altsetting[k].iInterface))
{
/*
* Specifically avoid probing anything else than USB mass storage devices
* and non-associated drivers in Linux.
*/
if (config->interface[j].altsetting[k].bInterfaceClass !=
LIBUSB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE) {
LIBMTP_INFO("avoid probing device using attached kernel interface\n");
libusb_free_config_descriptor (config);
return 0;
}
}
}
}
}
/*
* Only probe for OS descriptor if the device is vendor specific
* or one of the interfaces found is.
*/
if (desc.bDeviceClass == LIBUSB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC ||
found_vendor_spec_interface) {
/* Read the special descriptor */
ret = libusb_get_descriptor(devh, 0x03, 0xee, buf, sizeof(buf));
/*
* If something failed we're probably stalled to we need
* to clear the stall off the endpoint and say this is not
* MTP.
*/
if (ret < 0) {
/* EP0 is the default control endpoint */
libusb_clear_halt (devh, 0);
libusb_close(devh);
return 0;
}
// Dump it, if requested
if (dumpfile != NULL && ret > 0) {
fprintf(dumpfile, "Microsoft device descriptor 0xee:\n");
data_dump_ascii(dumpfile, buf, ret, 16);
}
/* Check if descriptor length is at least 10 bytes */
if (ret < 10) {
libusb_close(devh);
return 0;
}
/* Check if this device has a Microsoft Descriptor */
if (!((buf[2] == 'M') && (buf[4] == 'S') &&
(buf[6] == 'F') && (buf[8] == 'T'))) {
libusb_close(devh);
return 0;
}
/* Check if device responds to control message 1 or if there is an error */
cmd = buf[16];
ret = libusb_control_transfer (devh,
LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_IN | LIBUSB_RECIPIENT_DEVICE | LIBUSB_REQUEST_TYPE_VENDOR,
cmd,
0,
4,
buf,
sizeof(buf),
USB_TIMEOUT_DEFAULT);
// Dump it, if requested
if (dumpfile != NULL && ret > 0) {
fprintf(dumpfile, "Microsoft device response to control message 1, CMD 0x%02x:\n", cmd);
data_dump_ascii(dumpfile, buf, ret, 16);
}
/* If this is true, the device either isn't MTP or there was an error */
if (ret <= 0x15) {
/* TODO: If there was an error, flag it and let the user know somehow */
/* if(ret == -1) {} */
libusb_close(devh);
return 0;
}
/* Check if device is MTP or if it is something like a USB Mass Storage
device with Janus DRM support */
if ((buf[0x12] != 'M') || (buf[0x13] != 'T') || (buf[0x14] != 'P')) {
libusb_close(devh);
return 0;
}
/* After this point we are probably dealing with an MTP device */
/*
* Check if device responds to control message 2, which is
* the extended device parameters. Most devices will just
* respond with a copy of the same message as for the first
* message, some respond with zero-length (which is OK)
* and some with pure garbage. We're not parsing the result
* so this is not very important.
*/
ret = libusb_control_transfer (devh,
LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_IN | LIBUSB_RECIPIENT_DEVICE | LIBUSB_REQUEST_TYPE_VENDOR,
cmd,
0,
5,
buf,
sizeof(buf),
USB_TIMEOUT_DEFAULT);
// Dump it, if requested
if (dumpfile != NULL && ret > 0) {
fprintf(dumpfile, "Microsoft device response to control message 2, CMD 0x%02x:\n", cmd);
data_dump_ascii(dumpfile, buf, ret, 16);
}
/* If this is true, the device errored against control message 2 */
if (ret == -1) {
/* TODO: Implement callback function to let managing program know there
was a problem, along with description of the problem */
LIBMTP_ERROR("Potential MTP Device with VendorID:%04x and "
"ProductID:%04x encountered an error responding to "
"control message 2.\n"
"Problems may arrise but continuing\n",
desc.idVendor, desc.idProduct);
} else if (dumpfile != NULL && ret == 0) {
fprintf(dumpfile, "Zero-length response to control message 2 (OK)\n");
} else if (dumpfile != NULL) {
fprintf(dumpfile, "Device responds to control message 2 with some data.\n");
}
/* Close the USB device handle */
libusb_close(devh);
return 1;
}
/* Close the USB device handle */
libusb_close(devh);
return 0;
}
/**
* This function scans through the connected usb devices on a machine and
* if they match known Vendor and Product identifiers appends them to the
* dynamic array mtp_device_list. Be sure to call
* <code>free_mtpdevice_list(mtp_device_list)</code> when you are done
* with it, assuming it is not NULL.
* @param mtp_device_list dynamic array of pointers to usb devices with MTP
* properties (if this list is not empty, new entries will be appended
* to the list).
* @return LIBMTP_ERROR_NONE implies that devices have been found, scan the list
* appropriately. LIBMTP_ERROR_NO_DEVICE_ATTACHED implies that no
* devices have been found.
*/
static LIBMTP_error_number_t get_mtp_usb_device_list(mtpdevice_list_t ** mtp_device_list)
{
ssize_t nrofdevs;
libusb_device **devs = NULL;
int ret, i;
LIBMTP_error_number_t init_usb_ret;
init_usb_ret = init_usb();
if (init_usb_ret != LIBMTP_ERROR_NONE)
return init_usb_ret;
nrofdevs = libusb_get_device_list (NULL, &devs);
for (i = 0; i < nrofdevs ; i++) {
libusb_device *dev = devs[i];
struct libusb_device_descriptor desc;
ret = libusb_get_device_descriptor(dev, &desc);
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) continue;
if (desc.bDeviceClass != LIBUSB_CLASS_HUB) {
int i;
int found = 0;
// First check if we know about the device already.
// Devices well known to us will not have their descriptors
// probed, it caused problems with some devices.
for(i = 0; i < mtp_device_table_size; i++) {
if(desc.idVendor == mtp_device_table[i].vendor_id &&
desc.idProduct == mtp_device_table[i].product_id) {
/* Append this usb device to the MTP device list */
*mtp_device_list = append_to_mtpdevice_list(*mtp_device_list,
dev,
libusb_get_bus_number(dev));
found = 1;
break;
}
}
// If we didn't know it, try probing the "OS Descriptor".
if (!found) {
if (probe_device_descriptor(dev, NULL)) {
/* Append this usb device to the MTP USB Device List */
*mtp_device_list = append_to_mtpdevice_list(*mtp_device_list,
dev,
libusb_get_bus_number(dev));
}
/*
* By thomas_-_s: Also append devices that are no MTP but PTP devices
* if this is commented out.
*/
/*
else {
// Check whether the device is no USB hub but a PTP.
if ( dev->config != NULL &&dev->config->interface->altsetting->bInterfaceClass == LIBUSB_CLASS_PTP && dev->descriptor.bDeviceClass != LIBUSB_CLASS_HUB ) {
*mtp_device_list = append_to_mtpdevice_list(*mtp_device_list, dev, bus->location);
}
}
*/
}
}
}
/* If nothing was found we end up here. */
if(*mtp_device_list == NULL) {
return LIBMTP_ERROR_NO_DEVICE_ATTACHED;
}
return LIBMTP_ERROR_NONE;
}
/**
* Checks if a specific device with a certain bus and device
* number has an MTP type device descriptor.
*
* @param busno the bus number of the device to check
* @param deviceno the device number of the device to check
* @return 1 if the device is MTP else 0
*/
int LIBMTP_Check_Specific_Device(int busno, int devno)
{
ssize_t nrofdevs;
libusb_device **devs = NULL;
int i;
LIBMTP_error_number_t init_usb_ret;
init_usb_ret = init_usb();
if (init_usb_ret != LIBMTP_ERROR_NONE)
return 0;
nrofdevs = libusb_get_device_list (NULL, &devs);
for (i = 0; i < nrofdevs ; i++ ) {
if (libusb_get_bus_number(devs[i]) != busno)
continue;
if (libusb_get_device_address(devs[i]) != devno)
continue;
if (probe_device_descriptor(devs[i], NULL))
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
/**
* Detect the raw MTP device descriptors and return a list of
* of the devices found.
*
* @param devices a pointer to a variable that will hold
* the list of raw devices found. This may be NULL
* on return if the number of detected devices is zero.
* The user shall simply <code>free()</code> this
* variable when finished with the raw devices,
* in order to release memory.
* @param numdevs a pointer to an integer that will hold
* the number of devices in the list. This may
* be 0.
* @return 0 if successful, any other value means failure.
*/
LIBMTP_error_number_t LIBMTP_Detect_Raw_Devices(LIBMTP_raw_device_t ** devices,
int * numdevs)
{
mtpdevice_list_t *devlist = NULL;
mtpdevice_list_t *dev;
LIBMTP_error_number_t ret;
LIBMTP_raw_device_t *retdevs;
int devs = 0;
int i, j;
ret = get_mtp_usb_device_list(&devlist);
if (ret == LIBMTP_ERROR_NO_DEVICE_ATTACHED) {
*devices = NULL;
*numdevs = 0;
return ret;
} else if (ret != LIBMTP_ERROR_NONE) {
LIBMTP_ERROR("LIBMTP PANIC: get_mtp_usb_device_list() "
"error code: %d on line %d\n", ret, __LINE__);
return ret;
}
// Get list size
dev = devlist;
while (dev != NULL) {
devs++;
dev = dev->next;
}
if (devs == 0) {
*devices = NULL;
*numdevs = 0;
return LIBMTP_ERROR_NONE;
}
// Conjure a device list
retdevs = (LIBMTP_raw_device_t *) malloc(sizeof(LIBMTP_raw_device_t) * devs);
if (retdevs == NULL) {
// Out of memory
*devices = NULL;
*numdevs = 0;
return LIBMTP_ERROR_MEMORY_ALLOCATION;
}
dev = devlist;
i = 0;
while (dev != NULL) {
int device_known = 0;
struct libusb_device_descriptor desc;
libusb_get_device_descriptor (dev->device, &desc);
// Assign default device info
retdevs[i].device_entry.vendor = NULL;
retdevs[i].device_entry.vendor_id = desc.idVendor;
retdevs[i].device_entry.product = NULL;
retdevs[i].device_entry.product_id = desc.idProduct;
retdevs[i].device_entry.device_flags = 0x00000000U;
// See if we can locate some additional vendor info and device flags
for(j = 0; j < mtp_device_table_size; j++) {
if(desc.idVendor == mtp_device_table[j].vendor_id &&
desc.idProduct == mtp_device_table[j].product_id) {
device_known = 1;
retdevs[i].device_entry.vendor = mtp_device_table[j].vendor;
retdevs[i].device_entry.product = mtp_device_table[j].product;
retdevs[i].device_entry.device_flags = mtp_device_table[j].device_flags;
// This device is known to the developers
LIBMTP_ERROR("Device %d (VID=%04x and PID=%04x) is a %s %s.\n",
i,
desc.idVendor,
desc.idProduct,
mtp_device_table[j].vendor,
mtp_device_table[j].product);
break;
}
}
if (!device_known) {
// This device is unknown to the developers
LIBMTP_ERROR("Device %d (VID=%04x and PID=%04x) is UNKNOWN.\n",
i,
desc.idVendor,
desc.idProduct);
LIBMTP_ERROR("Please report this VID/PID and the device model to the "
"libmtp development team\n");
/*
* Trying to get iManufacturer or iProduct from the device at this
* point would require opening a device handle, that we don't want
* to do right now. (Takes time for no good enough reason.)
*/
}
// Save the location on the bus
retdevs[i].bus_location = libusb_get_bus_number (dev->device);
retdevs[i].devnum = libusb_get_device_address (dev->device);
i++;
dev = dev->next;
}
*devices = retdevs;
*numdevs = i;
free_mtpdevice_list(devlist);
return LIBMTP_ERROR_NONE;
}
/**
* This routine just dumps out low-level
* USB information about the current device.
* @param ptp_usb the USB device to get information from.
*/
void dump_usbinfo(PTP_USB *ptp_usb)
{
libusb_device *dev;
struct libusb_device_descriptor desc;
if (libusb_kernel_driver_active(ptp_usb->handle, ptp_usb->interface))
LIBMTP_INFO(" Interface has a kernel driver attached.\n");
dev = libusb_get_device (ptp_usb->handle);
libusb_get_device_descriptor (dev, &desc);
LIBMTP_INFO(" bcdUSB: %d\n", desc.bcdUSB);
LIBMTP_INFO(" bDeviceClass: %d\n", desc.bDeviceClass);
LIBMTP_INFO(" bDeviceSubClass: %d\n", desc.bDeviceSubClass);
LIBMTP_INFO(" bDeviceProtocol: %d\n", desc.bDeviceProtocol);
LIBMTP_INFO(" idVendor: %04x\n", desc.idVendor);
LIBMTP_INFO(" idProduct: %04x\n", desc.idProduct);
LIBMTP_INFO(" IN endpoint maxpacket: %d bytes\n", ptp_usb->inep_maxpacket);
LIBMTP_INFO(" OUT endpoint maxpacket: %d bytes\n", ptp_usb->outep_maxpacket);
LIBMTP_INFO(" Raw device info:\n");
LIBMTP_INFO(" Bus location: %d\n", ptp_usb->rawdevice.bus_location);
LIBMTP_INFO(" Device number: %d\n", ptp_usb->rawdevice.devnum);
LIBMTP_INFO(" Device entry info:\n");
LIBMTP_INFO(" Vendor: %s\n", ptp_usb->rawdevice.device_entry.vendor);
LIBMTP_INFO(" Vendor id: 0x%04x\n", ptp_usb->rawdevice.device_entry.vendor_id);
LIBMTP_INFO(" Product: %s\n", ptp_usb->rawdevice.device_entry.product);
LIBMTP_INFO(" Vendor id: 0x%04x\n", ptp_usb->rawdevice.device_entry.product_id);
LIBMTP_INFO(" Device flags: 0x%08x\n", ptp_usb->rawdevice.device_entry.device_flags);
(void) probe_device_descriptor(dev, stdout);
}
/**
* Retrieve the apropriate playlist extension for this
* device. Rather hacky at the moment. This is probably
* desired by the managing software, but when creating
* lists on the device itself you notice certain preferences.
* @param ptp_usb the USB device to get suggestion for.
* @return the suggested playlist extension.
*/
const char *get_playlist_extension(PTP_USB *ptp_usb)
{
libusb_device *dev;
struct libusb_device_descriptor desc;
static char creative_pl_extension[] = ".zpl";
static char default_pl_extension[] = ".pla";
dev = libusb_get_device(ptp_usb->handle);
libusb_get_device_descriptor (dev, &desc);
if (desc.idVendor == 0x041e)
return creative_pl_extension;
return default_pl_extension;
}
static void
libusb_glue_debug (PTPParams *params, const char *format, ...)
{
va_list args;
va_start (args, format);
if (params->debug_func!=NULL)
params->debug_func (params->data, format, args);
else
{
vfprintf (stderr, format, args);
fprintf (stderr,"\n");
fflush (stderr);
}
va_end (args);
}
static void
libusb_glue_error (PTPParams *params, const char *format, ...)
{
va_list args;
va_start (args, format);
if (params->error_func!=NULL)
params->error_func (params->data, format, args);
else
{
vfprintf (stderr, format, args);
fprintf (stderr,"\n");
fflush (stderr);
}
va_end (args);
}
/*
* ptp_read_func() and ptp_write_func() are
* based on same functions usb.c in libgphoto2.
* Much reading packet logs and having fun with trials and errors
* reveals that WMP / Windows is probably using an algorithm like this
* for large transfers:
*
* 1. Send the command (0x0c bytes) if headers are split, else, send
* command plus sizeof(endpoint) - 0x0c bytes.
* 2. Send first packet, max size to be sizeof(endpoint) but only when using
* split headers. Else goto 3.
* 3. REPEAT send 0x10000 byte chunks UNTIL remaining bytes < 0x10000
* We call 0x10000 CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE.
* 4. Send remaining bytes MOD sizeof(endpoint)
* 5. Send remaining bytes. If this happens to be exactly sizeof(endpoint)
* then also send a zero-length package.
*
* Further there is some special quirks to handle zero reads from the
* device, since some devices can't do them at all due to shortcomings
* of the USB slave controller in the device.
*/
#define CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE_1 0x3e00
#define CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE_2 0x200
#define CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE_1+CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE_2
static short
ptp_read_func (
unsigned long size, PTPDataHandler *handler,void *data,
unsigned long *readbytes,
int readzero
) {
PTP_USB *ptp_usb = (PTP_USB *)data;
unsigned long toread = 0;
int ret = 0;
int xread;
unsigned long curread = 0;
unsigned long written;
unsigned char *bytes;
int expect_terminator_byte = 0;
// This is the largest block we'll need to read in.
bytes = malloc(CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE);
while (curread < size) {
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("Remaining size to read: 0x%04lx bytes\n", size - curread);
// check equal to condition here
if (size - curread < CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE)
{
// this is the last packet
toread = size - curread;
// this is equivalent to zero read for these devices
if (readzero && FLAG_NO_ZERO_READS(ptp_usb) && toread % 64 == 0) {
toread += 1;
expect_terminator_byte = 1;
}
}
else if (curread == 0)
// we are first packet, but not last packet
toread = CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE_1;
else if (toread == CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE_1)
toread = CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE_2;
else if (toread == CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE_2)
toread = CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE_1;
else
LIBMTP_INFO("unexpected toread size 0x%04x, 0x%04x remaining bytes\n",
(unsigned int) toread, (unsigned int) (size-curread));
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("Reading in 0x%04lx bytes\n", toread);
ret = USB_BULK_READ(ptp_usb->handle,
ptp_usb->inep,
bytes,
toread,
&xread,
ptp_usb->timeout);
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("Result of read: 0x%04x (%d bytes)\n", ret, xread);
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS)
return PTP_ERROR_IO;
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("<==USB IN\n");
if (xread == 0)
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("Zero Read\n");
else
LIBMTP_USB_DATA(bytes, xread, 16);
// want to discard extra byte
if (expect_terminator_byte && xread == toread)
{
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("<==USB IN\nDiscarding extra byte\n");
xread--;
}
int putfunc_ret = handler->putfunc(NULL, handler->priv, xread, bytes, &written);
if (putfunc_ret != PTP_RC_OK)
return putfunc_ret;
ptp_usb->current_transfer_complete += xread;
curread += xread;
// Increase counters, call callback
if (ptp_usb->callback_active) {
if (ptp_usb->current_transfer_complete >= ptp_usb->current_transfer_total) {
// send last update and disable callback.
ptp_usb->current_transfer_complete = ptp_usb->current_transfer_total;
ptp_usb->callback_active = 0;
}
if (ptp_usb->current_transfer_callback != NULL) {
int ret;
ret = ptp_usb->current_transfer_callback(ptp_usb->current_transfer_complete,
ptp_usb->current_transfer_total,
ptp_usb->current_transfer_callback_data);
if (ret != 0) {
return PTP_ERROR_CANCEL;
}
}
}
if (xread < toread) /* short reads are common */
break;
}
if (readbytes) *readbytes = curread;
free (bytes);
// there might be a zero packet waiting for us...
if (readzero &&
!FLAG_NO_ZERO_READS(ptp_usb) &&
curread % ptp_usb->outep_maxpacket == 0) {
unsigned char temp;
int zeroresult = 0, xread;
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("<==USB IN\n");
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("Zero Read\n");
zeroresult = USB_BULK_READ(ptp_usb->handle,
ptp_usb->inep,
&temp,
0,
&xread,
ptp_usb->timeout);
if (zeroresult != LIBUSB_SUCCESS)
LIBMTP_INFO("LIBMTP panic: unable to read in zero packet, response 0x%04x", zeroresult);
}
return PTP_RC_OK;
}
static short
ptp_write_func (
unsigned long size,
PTPDataHandler *handler,
void *data,
unsigned long *written
) {
PTP_USB *ptp_usb = (PTP_USB *)data;
unsigned long towrite = 0;
int ret = 0;
unsigned long curwrite = 0;
unsigned char *bytes;
// This is the largest block we'll need to read in.
bytes = malloc(CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE);
if (!bytes) {
return PTP_ERROR_IO;
}
while (curwrite < size) {
unsigned long usbwritten = 0;
int xwritten;
towrite = size-curwrite;
if (towrite > CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE) {
towrite = CONTEXT_BLOCK_SIZE;
} else {
// This magic makes packets the same size that WMP send them.
if (towrite > ptp_usb->outep_maxpacket && towrite % ptp_usb->outep_maxpacket != 0) {
towrite -= towrite % ptp_usb->outep_maxpacket;
}
}
int getfunc_ret = handler->getfunc(NULL, handler->priv,towrite,bytes,&towrite);
if (getfunc_ret != PTP_RC_OK)
return getfunc_ret;
while (usbwritten < towrite) {
ret = USB_BULK_WRITE(ptp_usb->handle,
ptp_usb->outep,
bytes+usbwritten,
towrite-usbwritten,
&xwritten,
ptp_usb->timeout);
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("USB OUT==>\n");
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) {
return PTP_ERROR_IO;
}
LIBMTP_USB_DATA(bytes+usbwritten, xwritten, 16);
// check for result == 0 perhaps too.
// Increase counters
ptp_usb->current_transfer_complete += xwritten;
curwrite += xwritten;
usbwritten += xwritten;
}
// call callback
if (ptp_usb->callback_active) {
if (ptp_usb->current_transfer_complete >= ptp_usb->current_transfer_total) {
// send last update and disable callback.
ptp_usb->current_transfer_complete = ptp_usb->current_transfer_total;
ptp_usb->callback_active = 0;
}
if (ptp_usb->current_transfer_callback != NULL) {
int ret;
ret = ptp_usb->current_transfer_callback(ptp_usb->current_transfer_complete,
ptp_usb->current_transfer_total,
ptp_usb->current_transfer_callback_data);
if (ret != 0) {
return PTP_ERROR_CANCEL;
}
}
}
if (xwritten < towrite) /* short writes happen */
break;
}
free (bytes);
if (written) {
*written = curwrite;
}
// If this is the last transfer send a zero write if required
if (ptp_usb->current_transfer_complete >= ptp_usb->current_transfer_total) {
if ((towrite % ptp_usb->outep_maxpacket) == 0) {
int xwritten;
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("USB OUT==>\n");
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("Zero Write\n");
ret =USB_BULK_WRITE(ptp_usb->handle,
ptp_usb->outep,
(unsigned char *) "x",
0,
&xwritten,
ptp_usb->timeout);
}
}
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS)
return PTP_ERROR_IO;
return PTP_RC_OK;
}
/* memory data get/put handler */
typedef struct {
unsigned char *data;
unsigned long size, curoff;
} PTPMemHandlerPrivate;
static uint16_t
memory_getfunc(PTPParams* params, void* private,
unsigned long wantlen, unsigned char *data,
unsigned long *gotlen
) {
PTPMemHandlerPrivate* priv = (PTPMemHandlerPrivate*)private;
unsigned long tocopy = wantlen;
if (priv->curoff + tocopy > priv->size)
tocopy = priv->size - priv->curoff;
memcpy (data, priv->data + priv->curoff, tocopy);
priv->curoff += tocopy;
*gotlen = tocopy;
return PTP_RC_OK;
}
static uint16_t
memory_putfunc(PTPParams* params, void* private,
unsigned long sendlen, unsigned char *data,
unsigned long *putlen
) {
PTPMemHandlerPrivate* priv = (PTPMemHandlerPrivate*)private;
if (priv->curoff + sendlen > priv->size) {
priv->data = realloc (priv->data, priv->curoff+sendlen);
priv->size = priv->curoff + sendlen;
}
memcpy (priv->data + priv->curoff, data, sendlen);
priv->curoff += sendlen;
*putlen = sendlen;
return PTP_RC_OK;
}
/* init private struct for receiving data. */
static uint16_t
ptp_init_recv_memory_handler(PTPDataHandler *handler) {
PTPMemHandlerPrivate* priv;
priv = malloc (sizeof(PTPMemHandlerPrivate));
handler->priv = priv;
handler->getfunc = memory_getfunc;
handler->putfunc = memory_putfunc;
priv->data = NULL;
priv->size = 0;
priv->curoff = 0;
return PTP_RC_OK;
}
/* init private struct and put data in for sending data.
* data is still owned by caller.
*/
static uint16_t
ptp_init_send_memory_handler(PTPDataHandler *handler,
unsigned char *data, unsigned long len
) {
PTPMemHandlerPrivate* priv;
priv = malloc (sizeof(PTPMemHandlerPrivate));
if (!priv)
return PTP_RC_GeneralError;
handler->priv = priv;
handler->getfunc = memory_getfunc;
handler->putfunc = memory_putfunc;
priv->data = data;
priv->size = len;
priv->curoff = 0;
return PTP_RC_OK;
}
/* free private struct + data */
static uint16_t
ptp_exit_send_memory_handler (PTPDataHandler *handler) {
PTPMemHandlerPrivate* priv = (PTPMemHandlerPrivate*)handler->priv;
/* data is owned by caller */
free (priv);
return PTP_RC_OK;
}
/* hand over our internal data to caller */
static uint16_t
ptp_exit_recv_memory_handler (PTPDataHandler *handler,
unsigned char **data, unsigned long *size
) {
PTPMemHandlerPrivate* priv = (PTPMemHandlerPrivate*)handler->priv;
*data = priv->data;
*size = priv->size;
free (priv);
return PTP_RC_OK;
}
/* send / receive functions */
uint16_t
ptp_usb_sendreq (PTPParams* params, PTPContainer* req)
{
uint16_t ret;
PTPUSBBulkContainer usbreq;
PTPDataHandler memhandler;
unsigned long written = 0;
unsigned long towrite;
char txt[256];
(void) ptp_render_opcode (params, req->Code, sizeof(txt), txt);
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("REQUEST: 0x%04x, %s\n", req->Code, txt);
/* build appropriate USB container */
usbreq.length=htod32(PTP_USB_BULK_REQ_LEN-
(sizeof(uint32_t)*(5-req->Nparam)));
usbreq.type=htod16(PTP_USB_CONTAINER_COMMAND);
usbreq.code=htod16(req->Code);
usbreq.trans_id=htod32(req->Transaction_ID);
usbreq.payload.params.param1=htod32(req->Param1);
usbreq.payload.params.param2=htod32(req->Param2);
usbreq.payload.params.param3=htod32(req->Param3);
usbreq.payload.params.param4=htod32(req->Param4);
usbreq.payload.params.param5=htod32(req->Param5);
/* send it to responder */
towrite = PTP_USB_BULK_REQ_LEN-(sizeof(uint32_t)*(5-req->Nparam));
ptp_init_send_memory_handler (&memhandler, (unsigned char*)&usbreq, towrite);
ret=ptp_write_func(
towrite,
&memhandler,
params->data,
&written
);
ptp_exit_send_memory_handler (&memhandler);
if (ret != PTP_RC_OK && ret != PTP_ERROR_CANCEL) {
ret = PTP_ERROR_IO;
}
if (written != towrite && ret != PTP_ERROR_CANCEL && ret != PTP_ERROR_IO) {
libusb_glue_error (params,
"PTP: request code 0x%04x sending req wrote only %ld bytes instead of %d",
req->Code, written, towrite
);
ret = PTP_ERROR_IO;
}
return ret;
}
uint16_t
ptp_usb_senddata (PTPParams* params, PTPContainer* ptp,
unsigned long size, PTPDataHandler *handler
) {
uint16_t ret;
int wlen, datawlen;
unsigned long written;
PTPUSBBulkContainer usbdata;
uint32_t bytes_left_to_transfer;
PTPDataHandler memhandler;
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("SEND DATA PHASE\n");
/* build appropriate USB container */
usbdata.length = htod32(PTP_USB_BULK_HDR_LEN+size);
usbdata.type = htod16(PTP_USB_CONTAINER_DATA);
usbdata.code = htod16(ptp->Code);
usbdata.trans_id= htod32(ptp->Transaction_ID);
((PTP_USB*)params->data)->current_transfer_complete = 0;
((PTP_USB*)params->data)->current_transfer_total = size+PTP_USB_BULK_HDR_LEN;
if (params->split_header_data) {
datawlen = 0;
wlen = PTP_USB_BULK_HDR_LEN;
} else {
unsigned long gotlen;
/* For all camera devices. */
datawlen = (size<PTP_USB_BULK_PAYLOAD_LEN_WRITE)?size:PTP_USB_BULK_PAYLOAD_LEN_WRITE;
wlen = PTP_USB_BULK_HDR_LEN + datawlen;
ret = handler->getfunc(params, handler->priv, datawlen, usbdata.payload.data, &gotlen);
if (ret != PTP_RC_OK)
return ret;
if (gotlen != datawlen)
return PTP_RC_GeneralError;
}
ptp_init_send_memory_handler (&memhandler, (unsigned char *)&usbdata, wlen);
/* send first part of data */
ret = ptp_write_func(wlen, &memhandler, params->data, &written);
ptp_exit_send_memory_handler (&memhandler);
if (ret != PTP_RC_OK) {
return ret;
}
if (size <= datawlen) return ret;
/* if everything OK send the rest */
bytes_left_to_transfer = size-datawlen;
ret = PTP_RC_OK;
while(bytes_left_to_transfer > 0) {
ret = ptp_write_func (bytes_left_to_transfer, handler, params->data, &written);
if (ret != PTP_RC_OK)
break;
if (written == 0) {
ret = PTP_ERROR_IO;
break;
}
bytes_left_to_transfer -= written;
}
if (ret != PTP_RC_OK && ret != PTP_ERROR_CANCEL)
ret = PTP_ERROR_IO;
return ret;
}
static uint16_t ptp_usb_getpacket(PTPParams *params,
PTPUSBBulkContainer *packet, unsigned long *rlen)
{
PTPDataHandler memhandler;
uint16_t ret;
unsigned char *x = NULL;
/* read the header and potentially the first data */
if (params->response_packet_size > 0) {
/* If there is a buffered packet, just use it. */
memcpy(packet, params->response_packet, params->response_packet_size);
*rlen = params->response_packet_size;
free(params->response_packet);
params->response_packet = NULL;
params->response_packet_size = 0;
/* Here this signifies a "virtual read" */
return PTP_RC_OK;
}
ptp_init_recv_memory_handler (&memhandler);
ret = ptp_read_func(PTP_USB_BULK_HS_MAX_PACKET_LEN_READ, &memhandler, params->data, rlen, 0);
ptp_exit_recv_memory_handler (&memhandler, &x, rlen);
if (x) {
memcpy (packet, x, *rlen);
free (x);
}
return ret;
}
uint16_t
ptp_usb_getdata (PTPParams* params, PTPContainer* ptp, PTPDataHandler *handler)
{
uint16_t ret;
PTPUSBBulkContainer usbdata;
unsigned long written;
PTP_USB *ptp_usb = (PTP_USB *) params->data;
int putfunc_ret;
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("GET DATA PHASE\n");
memset(&usbdata,0,sizeof(usbdata));
do {
unsigned long len, rlen;
ret = ptp_usb_getpacket(params, &usbdata, &rlen);
if (ret != PTP_RC_OK) {
ret = PTP_ERROR_IO;
break;
}
if (dtoh16(usbdata.type)!=PTP_USB_CONTAINER_DATA) {
ret = PTP_ERROR_DATA_EXPECTED;
break;
}
if (dtoh16(usbdata.code)!=ptp->Code) {
if (FLAG_IGNORE_HEADER_ERRORS(ptp_usb)) {
libusb_glue_debug (params, "ptp2/ptp_usb_getdata: detected a broken "
"PTP header, code field insane, expect problems! (But continuing)");
// Repair the header, so it won't wreak more havoc, don't just ignore it.
// Typically these two fields will be broken.
usbdata.code = htod16(ptp->Code);
usbdata.trans_id = htod32(ptp->Transaction_ID);
ret = PTP_RC_OK;
} else {
ret = dtoh16(usbdata.code);
// This filters entirely insane garbage return codes, but still
// makes it possible to return error codes in the code field when
// getting data. It appears Windows ignores the contents of this
// field entirely.
if (ret < PTP_RC_Undefined || ret > PTP_RC_SpecificationOfDestinationUnsupported) {
libusb_glue_debug (params, "ptp2/ptp_usb_getdata: detected a broken "
"PTP header, code field insane.");
ret = PTP_ERROR_IO;
}
break;
}
}
if (usbdata.length == 0xffffffffU) {
/* Copy first part of data to 'data' */
putfunc_ret =
handler->putfunc(
params, handler->priv, rlen - PTP_USB_BULK_HDR_LEN, usbdata.payload.data,
&written
);
if (putfunc_ret != PTP_RC_OK)
return putfunc_ret;
/* stuff data directly to passed data handler */
while (1) {
unsigned long readdata;
uint16_t xret;
xret = ptp_read_func(
PTP_USB_BULK_HS_MAX_PACKET_LEN_READ,
handler,
params->data,
&readdata,
0
);
if (xret != PTP_RC_OK)
return xret;
if (readdata < PTP_USB_BULK_HS_MAX_PACKET_LEN_READ)
break;
}
return PTP_RC_OK;
}
if (rlen > dtoh32(usbdata.length)) {
/*
* Buffer the surplus response packet if it is >=
* PTP_USB_BULK_HDR_LEN
* (i.e. it is probably an entire package)
* else discard it as erroneous surplus data.
* This will even work if more than 2 packets appear
* in the same transaction, they will just be handled
* iteratively.
*
* Marcus observed stray bytes on iRiver devices;
* these are still discarded.
*/
unsigned int packlen = dtoh32(usbdata.length);
unsigned int surplen = rlen - packlen;
if (surplen >= PTP_USB_BULK_HDR_LEN) {
params->response_packet = malloc(surplen);
memcpy(params->response_packet,
(uint8_t *) &usbdata + packlen, surplen);
params->response_packet_size = surplen;
/* Ignore reading one extra byte if device flags have been set */
} else if(!FLAG_NO_ZERO_READS(ptp_usb) &&
(rlen - dtoh32(usbdata.length) == 1)) {
libusb_glue_debug (params, "ptp2/ptp_usb_getdata: read %d bytes "
"too much, expect problems!",
rlen - dtoh32(usbdata.length));
}
rlen = packlen;
}
/* For most PTP devices rlen is 512 == sizeof(usbdata)
* here. For MTP devices splitting header and data it might
* be 12.
*/
/* Evaluate full data length. */
len=dtoh32(usbdata.length)-PTP_USB_BULK_HDR_LEN;
/* autodetect split header/data MTP devices */
if (dtoh32(usbdata.length) > 12 && (rlen==12))
params->split_header_data = 1;
/* Copy first part of data to 'data' */
putfunc_ret =
handler->putfunc(
params, handler->priv, rlen - PTP_USB_BULK_HDR_LEN,
usbdata.payload.data,
&written
);
if (putfunc_ret != PTP_RC_OK)
return putfunc_ret;
if (FLAG_NO_ZERO_READS(ptp_usb) &&
len+PTP_USB_BULK_HDR_LEN == PTP_USB_BULK_HS_MAX_PACKET_LEN_READ) {
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("Reading in extra terminating byte\n");
// need to read in extra byte and discard it
int result = 0, xread;
unsigned char byte = 0;
result = USB_BULK_READ(ptp_usb->handle,
ptp_usb->inep,
&byte,
1,
&xread,
ptp_usb->timeout);
if (result != 1)
LIBMTP_INFO("Could not read in extra byte for PTP_USB_BULK_HS_MAX_PACKET_LEN_READ long file, return value 0x%04x\n", result);
} else if (len+PTP_USB_BULK_HDR_LEN == PTP_USB_BULK_HS_MAX_PACKET_LEN_READ && params->split_header_data == 0) {
int zeroresult = 0, xread;
unsigned char zerobyte = 0;
LIBMTP_INFO("Reading in zero packet after header\n");
zeroresult = USB_BULK_READ(ptp_usb->handle,
ptp_usb->inep,
&zerobyte,
0,
&xread,
ptp_usb->timeout);
if (zeroresult != 0)
LIBMTP_INFO("LIBMTP panic: unable to read in zero packet, response 0x%04x", zeroresult);
}
/* Is that all of data? */
if (len+PTP_USB_BULK_HDR_LEN<=rlen) {
break;
}
ret = ptp_read_func(len - (rlen - PTP_USB_BULK_HDR_LEN),
handler,
params->data, &rlen, 1);
if (ret != PTP_RC_OK) {
break;
}
} while (0);
return ret;
}
uint16_t
ptp_usb_getresp (PTPParams* params, PTPContainer* resp)
{
uint16_t ret;
unsigned long rlen;
PTPUSBBulkContainer usbresp;
PTP_USB *ptp_usb = (PTP_USB *)(params->data);
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("RESPONSE: ");
memset(&usbresp,0,sizeof(usbresp));
/* read response, it should never be longer than sizeof(usbresp) */
ret = ptp_usb_getpacket(params, &usbresp, &rlen);
// Fix for bevahiour reported by Scott Snyder on Samsung YP-U3. The player
// sends a packet containing just zeroes of length 2 (up to 4 has been seen too)
// after a NULL packet when it should send the response. This code ignores
// such illegal packets.
while (ret==PTP_RC_OK && rlen<PTP_USB_BULK_HDR_LEN && usbresp.length==0) {
libusb_glue_debug (params, "ptp_usb_getresp: detected short response "
"of %d bytes, expect problems! (re-reading "
"response), rlen");
ret = ptp_usb_getpacket(params, &usbresp, &rlen);
}
if (ret != PTP_RC_OK) {
ret = PTP_ERROR_IO;
} else
if (dtoh16(usbresp.type)!=PTP_USB_CONTAINER_RESPONSE) {
ret = PTP_ERROR_RESP_EXPECTED;
} else
if (dtoh16(usbresp.code)!=resp->Code) {
ret = dtoh16(usbresp.code);
}
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("%04x\n", ret);
if (ret != PTP_RC_OK) {
/* libusb_glue_error (params,
"PTP: request code 0x%04x getting resp error 0x%04x",
resp->Code, ret);*/
return ret;
}
/* build an appropriate PTPContainer */
resp->Code=dtoh16(usbresp.code);
resp->SessionID=params->session_id;
resp->Transaction_ID=dtoh32(usbresp.trans_id);
if (FLAG_IGNORE_HEADER_ERRORS(ptp_usb)) {
if (resp->Transaction_ID != params->transaction_id-1) {
libusb_glue_debug (params, "ptp_usb_getresp: detected a broken "
"PTP header, transaction ID insane, expect "
"problems! (But continuing)");
// Repair the header, so it won't wreak more havoc.
resp->Transaction_ID = params->transaction_id-1;
}
}
resp->Param1=dtoh32(usbresp.payload.params.param1);
resp->Param2=dtoh32(usbresp.payload.params.param2);
resp->Param3=dtoh32(usbresp.payload.params.param3);
resp->Param4=dtoh32(usbresp.payload.params.param4);
resp->Param5=dtoh32(usbresp.payload.params.param5);
return ret;
}
/* Event handling functions */
/* PTP Events wait for or check mode */
#define PTP_EVENT_CHECK 0x0000 /* waits for */
#define PTP_EVENT_CHECK_FAST 0x0001 /* checks */
static inline uint16_t
ptp_usb_event (PTPParams* params, PTPContainer* event, int wait)
{
uint16_t ret;
int result, xread;
unsigned long rlen;
PTPUSBEventContainer usbevent;
PTP_USB *ptp_usb = (PTP_USB *)(params->data);
memset(&usbevent,0,sizeof(usbevent));
if ((params==NULL) || (event==NULL))
return PTP_ERROR_BADPARAM;
ret = PTP_RC_OK;
switch(wait) {
case PTP_EVENT_CHECK:
result = USB_BULK_READ(ptp_usb->handle,
ptp_usb->intep,
(unsigned char *) &usbevent,
sizeof(usbevent),
&xread,
0);
if (xread == 0)
result = USB_BULK_READ(ptp_usb->handle,
ptp_usb->intep,
(unsigned char *) &usbevent,
sizeof(usbevent),
&xread,
0);
if (result < 0) ret = PTP_ERROR_IO;
break;
case PTP_EVENT_CHECK_FAST:
result = USB_BULK_READ(ptp_usb->handle,
ptp_usb->intep,
(unsigned char *) &usbevent,
sizeof(usbevent),
&xread,
ptp_usb->timeout);
if (xread == 0)
result = USB_BULK_READ(ptp_usb->handle,
ptp_usb->intep,
(unsigned char *) &usbevent,
sizeof(usbevent),
&xread,
ptp_usb->timeout);
if (result < 0) ret = PTP_ERROR_IO;
break;
default:
ret = PTP_ERROR_BADPARAM;
break;
}
if (ret != PTP_RC_OK) {
libusb_glue_error (params,
"PTP: reading event an error 0x%04x occurred", ret);
return PTP_ERROR_IO;
}
rlen = xread;
if (rlen < 8) {
libusb_glue_error (params,
"PTP: reading event an short read of %ld bytes occurred", rlen);
return PTP_ERROR_IO;
}
/* if we read anything over interrupt endpoint it must be an event */
/* build an appropriate PTPContainer */
event->Code=dtoh16(usbevent.code);
event->SessionID=params->session_id;
event->Transaction_ID=dtoh32(usbevent.trans_id);
event->Param1=dtoh32(usbevent.param1);
event->Param2=dtoh32(usbevent.param2);
event->Param3=dtoh32(usbevent.param3);
return ret;
}
uint16_t
ptp_usb_event_check (PTPParams* params, PTPContainer* event) {
return ptp_usb_event (params, event, PTP_EVENT_CHECK_FAST);
}
uint16_t
ptp_usb_event_wait (PTPParams* params, PTPContainer* event) {
return ptp_usb_event (params, event, PTP_EVENT_CHECK);
}
uint16_t
ptp_usb_control_cancel_request (PTPParams *params, uint32_t transactionid) {
PTP_USB *ptp_usb = (PTP_USB *)(params->data);
int ret;
unsigned char buffer[6];
htod16a(&buffer[0],PTP_EC_CancelTransaction);
htod32a(&buffer[2],transactionid);
ret = libusb_control_transfer(ptp_usb->handle,
LIBUSB_REQUEST_TYPE_CLASS | LIBUSB_RECIPIENT_INTERFACE,
0x64, 0x0000, 0x0000,
buffer,
sizeof(buffer),
ptp_usb->timeout);
if (ret < sizeof(buffer))
return PTP_ERROR_IO;
return PTP_RC_OK;
}
static int init_ptp_usb (PTPParams* params, PTP_USB* ptp_usb, libusb_device* dev)
{
libusb_device_handle *device_handle;
unsigned char buf[255];
int ret, usbresult;
params->sendreq_func=ptp_usb_sendreq;
params->senddata_func=ptp_usb_senddata;
params->getresp_func=ptp_usb_getresp;
params->getdata_func=ptp_usb_getdata;
params->cancelreq_func=ptp_usb_control_cancel_request;
params->data=ptp_usb;
params->transaction_id=0;
/*
* This is hardcoded here since we have no devices whatsoever that are BE.
* Change this the day we run into our first BE device (if ever).
*/
params->byteorder = PTP_DL_LE;
ptp_usb->timeout = get_timeout(ptp_usb);
ret = libusb_open(dev, &device_handle);
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) {
perror("usb_open()");
return -1;
}
ptp_usb->handle = device_handle;
/*
* If this device is known to be wrongfully claimed by other kernel
* drivers (such as mass storage), then try to unload it to make it
* accessible from user space.
*/
if (FLAG_UNLOAD_DRIVER(ptp_usb) &&
libusb_kernel_driver_active (device_handle, ptp_usb->interface)
) {
if (LIBUSB_SUCCESS != libusb_detach_kernel_driver (device_handle, ptp_usb->interface)) {
return -1;
}
}
#ifdef __WIN32__
// Only needed on Windows, and cause problems on other platforms.
if (libusb_set_configuration(device_handle, dev->config->bConfigurationValue)) {
perror("usb_set_configuration()");
return -1;
}
#endif
// It seems like on kernel 2.6.31 if we already have it open on another
// pthread in our app, we'll get an error if we try to claim it again,
// but that error is harmless because our process already claimed the interface
usbresult = libusb_claim_interface(device_handle, ptp_usb->interface);
if (usbresult != 0)
fprintf(stderr, "ignoring usb_claim_interface = %d", usbresult);
// FIXME : Discovered in the Barry project
// kernels >= 2.6.28 don't set the interface the same way as
// previous versions did, and the Blackberry gets confused
// if it isn't explicitly set
// See above, same issue with pthreads means that if this fails it is not
// fatal
// However, this causes problems on Macs so disable here
#ifndef __APPLE__
usbresult = libusb_set_interface_alt_setting(device_handle, ptp_usb->interface, 0);
if (usbresult)
fprintf(stderr, "ignoring usb_claim_interface = %d", usbresult);
#endif
if (FLAG_SWITCH_MODE_BLACKBERRY(ptp_usb)) {
int ret;
// FIXME : Only for BlackBerry Storm
// What does it mean? Maybe switch mode...
// This first control message is absolutely necessary
usleep(1000);
ret = libusb_control_transfer(device_handle,
LIBUSB_REQUEST_TYPE_VENDOR | LIBUSB_RECIPIENT_DEVICE | LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_IN,
0xaa, 0x00, 0x04, buf, 0x40, 1000);
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("BlackBerry magic part 1:\n");
LIBMTP_USB_DATA(buf, ret, 16);
usleep(1000);
// This control message is unnecessary
ret = libusb_control_transfer(device_handle,
LIBUSB_REQUEST_TYPE_VENDOR | LIBUSB_RECIPIENT_DEVICE | LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_IN,
0xa5, 0x00, 0x01, buf, 0x02, 1000);
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("BlackBerry magic part 2:\n");
LIBMTP_USB_DATA(buf, ret, 16);
usleep(1000);
// This control message is unnecessary
ret = libusb_control_transfer(device_handle,
LIBUSB_REQUEST_TYPE_VENDOR | LIBUSB_RECIPIENT_DEVICE | LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_IN,
0xa8, 0x00, 0x01, buf, 0x05, 1000);
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("BlackBerry magic part 3:\n");
LIBMTP_USB_DATA(buf, ret, 16);
usleep(1000);
// This control message is unnecessary
ret = libusb_control_transfer(device_handle,
LIBUSB_REQUEST_TYPE_VENDOR | LIBUSB_RECIPIENT_DEVICE | LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_IN,
0xa8, 0x00, 0x01, buf, 0x11, 1000);
LIBMTP_USB_DEBUG("BlackBerry magic part 4:\n");
LIBMTP_USB_DATA(buf, ret, 16);
usleep(1000);
}
return 0;
}
static void clear_stall(PTP_USB* ptp_usb)
{
uint16_t status;
int ret;
/* check the inep status */
status = 0;
ret = usb_get_endpoint_status(ptp_usb,ptp_usb->inep,&status);
if (ret<0) {
perror ("inep: usb_get_endpoint_status()");
} else if (status) {
LIBMTP_INFO("Clearing stall on IN endpoint\n");
ret = libusb_clear_halt (ptp_usb->handle, ptp_usb->inep);
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) {
perror ("usb_clear_stall_feature()");
}
}
/* check the outep status */
status=0;
ret = usb_get_endpoint_status(ptp_usb,ptp_usb->outep,&status);
if (ret<0) {
perror("outep: usb_get_endpoint_status()");
} else if (status) {
LIBMTP_INFO("Clearing stall on OUT endpoint\n");
ret = libusb_clear_halt (ptp_usb->handle, ptp_usb->outep);
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) {
perror("usb_clear_stall_feature()");
}
}
/* TODO: do we need this for INTERRUPT (ptp_usb->intep) too? */
}
static void clear_halt(PTP_USB* ptp_usb)
{
int ret;
ret = libusb_clear_halt(ptp_usb->handle,ptp_usb->inep);
if (ret<0) {
perror("usb_clear_halt() on IN endpoint");
}
ret = libusb_clear_halt(ptp_usb->handle,ptp_usb->outep);
if (ret<0) {
perror("usb_clear_halt() on OUT endpoint");
}
ret = libusb_clear_halt(ptp_usb->handle,ptp_usb->intep);
if (ret<0) {
perror("usb_clear_halt() on INTERRUPT endpoint");
}
}
static void close_usb(PTP_USB* ptp_usb)
{
if (!FLAG_NO_RELEASE_INTERFACE(ptp_usb)) {
/*
* Clear any stalled endpoints
* On misbehaving devices designed for Windows/Mac, quote from:
* http://www2.one-eyed-alien.net/~mdharm/linux-usb/target_offenses.txt
* Device does Bad Things(tm) when it gets a GET_STATUS after CLEAR_HALT
* (...) Windows, when clearing a stall, only sends the CLEAR_HALT command,
* and presumes that the stall has cleared. Some devices actually choke
* if the CLEAR_HALT is followed by a GET_STATUS (used to determine if the
* STALL is persistant or not).
*/
clear_stall(ptp_usb);
// Clear halts on any endpoints
clear_halt(ptp_usb);
// Added to clear some stuff on the OUT endpoint
// TODO: is this good on the Mac too?
// HINT: some devices may need that you comment these two out too.
libusb_clear_halt(ptp_usb->handle, ptp_usb->outep);
libusb_release_interface(ptp_usb->handle, (int) ptp_usb->interface);
}
if (FLAG_FORCE_RESET_ON_CLOSE(ptp_usb)) {
/*
* Some devices really love to get reset after being
* disconnected. Again, since Windows never disconnects
* a device closing behaviour is seldom or never exercised
* on devices when engineered and often error prone.
* Reset may help some.
*/
libusb_reset_device (ptp_usb->handle);
}
libusb_close(ptp_usb->handle);
}
/**
* Self-explanatory?
*/
static int find_interface_and_endpoints(libusb_device *dev,
uint8_t *interface,
int* inep,
int* inep_maxpacket,
int* outep,
int *outep_maxpacket,
int* intep)
{
int i, ret;
struct libusb_device_descriptor desc;
ret = libusb_get_device_descriptor (dev, &desc);
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) return -1;
// Loop over the device configurations
for (i = 0; i < desc.bNumConfigurations; i++) {
uint8_t j;
struct libusb_config_descriptor *config;
ret = libusb_get_config_descriptor (dev, i, &config);
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) continue;
// Loop over each configurations interfaces
for (j = 0; j < config->bNumInterfaces; j++) {
uint8_t k;
uint8_t no_ep;
int found_inep = 0;
int found_outep = 0;
int found_intep = 0;
const struct libusb_endpoint_descriptor *ep;
// MTP devices shall have 3 endpoints, ignore those interfaces
// that haven't.
no_ep = config->interface[j].altsetting->bNumEndpoints;
if (no_ep != 3)
continue;
*interface = config->interface[j].altsetting->bInterfaceNumber;
ep = config->interface[j].altsetting->endpoint;
// Loop over the three endpoints to locate two bulk and
// one interrupt endpoint and FAIL if we cannot, and continue.
for (k = 0; k < no_ep; k++) {
if (ep[k].bmAttributes == LIBUSB_TRANSFER_TYPE_BULK) {
if ((ep[k].bEndpointAddress & LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) ==
LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) {
*inep = ep[k].bEndpointAddress;
*inep_maxpacket = ep[k].wMaxPacketSize;
found_inep = 1;
}
if ((ep[k].bEndpointAddress & LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == 0) {
*outep = ep[k].bEndpointAddress;
*outep_maxpacket = ep[k].wMaxPacketSize;
found_outep = 1;
}
} else if (ep[k].bmAttributes == LIBUSB_TRANSFER_TYPE_INTERRUPT) {
if ((ep[k].bEndpointAddress & LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) ==
LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) {
*intep = ep[k].bEndpointAddress;
found_intep = 1;
}
}
}
if (found_inep && found_outep && found_intep) {
libusb_free_config_descriptor (config);
// We assigned the endpoints so return here.
return 0;
}
// Else loop to next interface/config
}
libusb_free_config_descriptor (config);
}
return -1;
}
/**
* This function assigns params and usbinfo given a raw device
* as input.
* @param device the device to be assigned.
* @param usbinfo a pointer to the new usbinfo.
* @return an error code.
*/
LIBMTP_error_number_t configure_usb_device(LIBMTP_raw_device_t *device,
PTPParams *params,
void **usbinfo)
{
PTP_USB *ptp_usb;
libusb_device *ldevice;
uint16_t ret = 0;
int err, found = 0, i;
ssize_t nrofdevs;
libusb_device **devs = NULL;
struct libusb_device_descriptor desc;
LIBMTP_error_number_t init_usb_ret;
/* See if we can find this raw device again... */
init_usb_ret = init_usb();
if (init_usb_ret != LIBMTP_ERROR_NONE)
return init_usb_ret;
nrofdevs = libusb_get_device_list (NULL, &devs);
for (i = 0; i < nrofdevs ; i++) {
if (libusb_get_bus_number (devs[i]) != device->bus_location)
continue;
if (libusb_get_device_address (devs[i]) != device->devnum)
continue;
ret = libusb_get_device_descriptor (devs[i], &desc);
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) continue;
if(desc.idVendor == device->device_entry.vendor_id &&
desc.idProduct == device->device_entry.product_id ) {
ldevice = devs[i];
found = 1;
break;
}
}
/* Device has gone since detecting raw devices! */
if (!found) {
libusb_free_device_list (devs, 0);
return LIBMTP_ERROR_NO_DEVICE_ATTACHED;
}
/* Allocate structs */
ptp_usb = (PTP_USB *) malloc(sizeof(PTP_USB));
if (ptp_usb == NULL) {
libusb_free_device_list (devs, 0);
return LIBMTP_ERROR_MEMORY_ALLOCATION;
}
/* Start with a blank slate (includes setting device_flags to 0) */
memset(ptp_usb, 0, sizeof(PTP_USB));
/* Copy the raw device */
memcpy(&ptp_usb->rawdevice, device, sizeof(LIBMTP_raw_device_t));
/*
* Some devices must have their "OS Descriptor" massaged in order
* to work.
*/
if (FLAG_ALWAYS_PROBE_DESCRIPTOR(ptp_usb)) {
// Massage the device descriptor
(void) probe_device_descriptor(ldevice, NULL);
}
/* Assign interface and endpoints to usbinfo... */
err = find_interface_and_endpoints(ldevice,
&ptp_usb->interface,
&ptp_usb->inep,
&ptp_usb->inep_maxpacket,
&ptp_usb->outep,
&ptp_usb->outep_maxpacket,
&ptp_usb->intep);
if (err) {
libusb_free_device_list (devs, 0);
LIBMTP_ERROR("LIBMTP PANIC: Unable to find interface & endpoints of device\n");
return LIBMTP_ERROR_CONNECTING;
}
/* Copy USB version number */
ptp_usb->bcdusb = desc.bcdUSB;
/* Attempt to initialize this device */
if (init_ptp_usb(params, ptp_usb, ldevice) < 0) {
LIBMTP_ERROR("LIBMTP PANIC: Unable to initialize device\n");
return LIBMTP_ERROR_CONNECTING;
}
/*
* This works in situations where previous bad applications
* have not used LIBMTP_Release_Device on exit
*/
if ((ret = ptp_opensession(params, 1)) == PTP_ERROR_IO) {
LIBMTP_ERROR("PTP_ERROR_IO: failed to open session, trying again after resetting USB interface\n");
LIBMTP_ERROR("LIBMTP libusb: Attempt to reset device\n");
libusb_reset_device (ptp_usb->handle);
close_usb(ptp_usb);
if(init_ptp_usb(params, ptp_usb, ldevice) <0) {
LIBMTP_ERROR("LIBMTP PANIC: Could not init USB on second attempt\n");
return LIBMTP_ERROR_CONNECTING;
}
/* Device has been reset, try again */
if ((ret = ptp_opensession(params, 1)) == PTP_ERROR_IO) {
LIBMTP_ERROR("LIBMTP PANIC: failed to open session on second attempt\n");
return LIBMTP_ERROR_CONNECTING;
}
}
/* Was the transaction id invalid? Try again */
if (ret == PTP_RC_InvalidTransactionID) {
LIBMTP_ERROR("LIBMTP WARNING: Transaction ID was invalid, increment and try again\n");
params->transaction_id += 10;
ret = ptp_opensession(params, 1);
}
if (ret != PTP_RC_SessionAlreadyOpened && ret != PTP_RC_OK) {
LIBMTP_ERROR("LIBMTP PANIC: Could not open session! "
"(Return code %d)\n Try to reset the device.\n",
ret);
libusb_release_interface(ptp_usb->handle, ptp_usb->interface);
return LIBMTP_ERROR_CONNECTING;
}
/* OK configured properly */
*usbinfo = (void *) ptp_usb;
return LIBMTP_ERROR_NONE;
}
void close_device (PTP_USB *ptp_usb, PTPParams *params)
{
if (ptp_closesession(params)!=PTP_RC_OK)
LIBMTP_ERROR("ERROR: Could not close session!\n");
close_usb(ptp_usb);
}
void set_usb_device_timeout(PTP_USB *ptp_usb, int timeout)
{
ptp_usb->timeout = timeout;
}
void get_usb_device_timeout(PTP_USB *ptp_usb, int *timeout)
{
*timeout = ptp_usb->timeout;
}
int guess_usb_speed(PTP_USB *ptp_usb)
{
int bytes_per_second;
/*
* We don't know the actual speeds so these are rough guesses
* from the info you can find here:
* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USB#Transfer_rates
* http://www.barefeats.com/usb2.html
*/
switch (ptp_usb->bcdusb & 0xFF00) {
case 0x0100:
/* 1.x USB versions let's say 1MiB/s */
bytes_per_second = 1*1024*1024;
break;
case 0x0200:
case 0x0300:
/* USB 2.0 nominal speed 18MiB/s */
/* USB 3.0 won't be worse? */
bytes_per_second = 18*1024*1024;
break;
default:
/* Half-guess something? */
bytes_per_second = 1*1024*1024;
break;
}
return bytes_per_second;
}
static int usb_get_endpoint_status(PTP_USB* ptp_usb, int ep, uint16_t* status)
{
return libusb_control_transfer(ptp_usb->handle,
LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_IN|LIBUSB_RECIPIENT_ENDPOINT,
LIBUSB_REQUEST_GET_STATUS,
USB_FEATURE_HALT,
ep,
(unsigned char *) status,
2,
ptp_usb->timeout);
}