Linux Debugging has some Emacs-specific debugging tips.
Ninja users get in-line highlighting of syntax errors using
flymake.el on each buffer-save:
emacs-ycmd in combination with flycheck provides:
ycmd-goto) based on on-the-fly processing using clang. A quick demo video showing code completion and flycheck highlighting a missing semicolon syntax error:
~/dev/ycmd$ python ycmd/__main__.pyYou should see
Assuming your checkout of Chromium is in
~/dev/blink, i.e. this is the directory in which you find the
srcfolder, create a symbolic link as follows:
cd ~/dev/blink ln -s src/tools/vim/chromium.ycm_extra_conf.py .ycm_extra_conf.py
Add something like the following to your
;; ycmd ;;; Googlers can replace a lot of this with (require 'google-ycmd). (require 'ycmd) (require 'company-ycmd) (require 'flycheck-ycmd) (company-ycmd-setup) (flycheck-ycmd-setup) ;; Show completions after 0.15 seconds (setq company-idle-delay 0.15) ;; Activate for editing C++ files (add-hook 'c++-mode-hook 'ycmd-mode) (add-hook 'c++-mode-hook 'company-mode) (add-hook 'c++-mode-hook 'flycheck-mode) ;; Replace the directory information with where you downloaded ycmd to (set-variable 'ycmd-server-command (list "python" (substitute-in-file-name "$HOME/dev/ycmd/ycmd/__main__.py"))) ;; Edit according to where you have your Chromium/Blink checkout (add-to-list 'ycmd-extra-conf-whitelist (substitute-in-file-name "$HOME/dev/blink/.ycm_extra_conf.py")) ;; Show flycheck errors in idle-mode as well (setq ycmd-parse-conditions '(save new-line mode-enabled idle-change)) ;; Makes emacs-ycmd less verbose (setq url-show-status nil)
*ycmd-server*buffer for errors. See the next bullet point for how to handle “OS Error: No such file or directory”
ycmddoes not find ninja. In that case, you can use a package like exec-path from shell and add the following to your
(require 'exec-path-from-shell) (when (memq window-system '(mac ns x)) (exec-path-from-shell-initialize))
There's a builtin function called
ff-get-other-file which will get the “other file” based on file extension. I have this bound to C-o in c-mode (
(local-set-key "\C-o" 'ff-get-other-file)). While “other file” is per-mode defined, in c-like languages it means jumping between the header and the source file. So I switch back and forth between the header and the source with C-o. If we had separate include/ and src/ directories, this would be a pain to setup, but this might just work out of the box for you. See the documentation for the variable
cc-other-file-alist for more information.
One drawback of ff-get-other-file is that it will always switch to a matching buffer, even if the other file is in a different directory, so if you have A.cc,A.h,A.cc(2) then ff-get-other-file will switch to A.h from A.cc(2) rather than load A.h(2) from the appropriate directory. If you prefer something (C specific) that always finds, try this:
(defun cc-other-file() "Toggles source/header file" (interactive) (let ((buf (current-buffer)) (name (file-name-sans-extension (buffer-file-name))) (other-extens (cadr (assoc (concat "\\." (file-name-extension (buffer-file-name)) "\\'") cc-other-file-alist)))) (dolist (e other-extens) (if (let ((f (concat name e))) (and (file-exists-p f) (find-file f))) (return))) ) )
Note: if you know an easy way to change the ff-get-other-file behavior, please replace this hack with that solution! - email@example.com
We have an emacs module, google-c-style.el, which adds c-mode formatting. Then add to your .emacs:
(load "/<path/to/chromium>/src/buildtools/clang_format/script/clang-format.el") (add-hook 'c-mode-common-hook (function (lambda () (local-set-key (kbd "TAB") 'clang-format-region))))
Now, you can use the
key to format the current line (even a long line) or region.
One nice way to highlight long lines and other style issues:
(require 'whitespace) (setq whitespace-style '(face indentation trailing empty lines-tail)) (setq whitespace-line-column nil) (set-face-attribute 'whitespace-line nil :background "purple" :foreground "white" :weight 'bold) (global-whitespace-mode 1)
Note: You might need to grab the latest version of whitespace.el.
There is a gyp mode that provides basic indentation and font-lock (syntax highlighting) support. The mode derives from python.el (bundled with newer emacsen).
You can find it in /src/tools/gyp/tools/emacs
See the README file there for installation instructions.
Important: the mode is only tested with
python.el (bundled with newer emacsen), not with
python-mode.el (outdated and less maintained these days).
A couple of helpers that show a summary of where you are; the first by tracing the indentation hierarchy upwards, the second by only showing
#elses that are relevant to the current line:
(defun ami-summarize-indentation-at-point () "Echo a summary of how one gets from the left-most column to POINT in terms of indentation changes." (interactive) (save-excursion (let ((cur-indent most-positive-fixnum) (trace '())) (while (not (bobp)) (let ((current-line (buffer-substring (line-beginning-position) (line-end-position)))) (when (and (not (string-match "^\\s-*$" current-line)) (< (current-indentation) cur-indent)) (setq cur-indent (current-indentation)) (setq trace (cons current-line trace)) (if (or (string-match "^\\s-*}" current-line) (string-match "^\\s-*else " current-line) (string-match "^\\s-*elif " current-line)) (setq cur-indent (1+ cur-indent))))) (forward-line -1)) (message "%s" (mapconcat 'identity trace "\n"))))) (require 'cl) (defun ami-summarize-preprocessor-branches-at-point () "Summarize the C preprocessor branches needed to get to point." (interactive) (flet ((current-line-text () (buffer-substring (line-beginning-position) (line-end-position)))) (save-excursion (let ((eol (or (end-of-line) (point))) deactivate-mark directives-stack) (goto-char (point-min)) (while (re-search-forward "^#\\(if\\|else\\|endif\\)" eol t) (if (or (string-prefix-p "#if" (match-string 0)) (string-prefix-p "#else" (match-string 0))) (push (current-line-text) directives-stack) (if (string-prefix-p "#endif" (match-string 0)) (while (string-prefix-p "#else" (pop directives-stack)) t)))) (message "%s" (mapconcat 'identity (reverse directives-stack) "\n"))))))
erg wrote a suite of tools that do common operations from the root of your repository, called Find Things Fast. It contains ido completion over
git ls-files (or the svn find equivalent) and
grepsource that only git greps files with extensions we care about (or the equivalent the
find | xargs grep statement in non-git repos.)
When you first open a file under git control, vc mode kicks in and does a high level stat of your git repo. For huge repos, especially WebKit and Chromium, this makes opening a file take literally seconds. This snippet disables VC git for chrome directories:
; Turn off VC git for chrome (when (locate-library "vc") (defadvice vc-registered (around nochrome-vc-registered (file)) (message (format "nochrome-vc-registered %s" file)) (if (string-match ".*chrome/src.*" file) (progn (message (format "Skipping VC mode for %s" % file)) (setq ad-return-value nil) ) ad-do-it) ) (ad-activate 'vc-registered) )
We're collecting Chrome-specific tools under
tools/emacs. See the files there for details.
trybot.el: import Windows trybot output into a
M-x compiledefault to
cd /path/to/chrome/root; make -r chrome.