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// Copyright 2013 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include "chromeos/settings/timezone_settings.h"
#include <string>
#include "base/bind.h"
#include "base/file_util.h"
#include "base/files/file_path.h"
#include "base/location.h"
#include "base/logging.h"
#include "base/memory/scoped_ptr.h"
#include "base/memory/singleton.h"
#include "base/observer_list.h"
#include "base/stl_util.h"
#include "base/strings/string_util.h"
#include "base/strings/utf_string_conversions.h"
#include "base/sys_info.h"
#include "base/task_runner.h"
#include "base/threading/worker_pool.h"
#include "third_party/icu/source/i18n/unicode/timezone.h"
namespace {
// The filepath to the timezone file that symlinks to the actual timezone file.
const char kTimezoneSymlink[] = "/var/lib/timezone/localtime";
const char kTimezoneSymlink2[] = "/var/lib/timezone/localtime2";
// The directory that contains all the timezone files. So for timezone
// "US/Pacific", the actual timezone file is: "/usr/share/zoneinfo/US/Pacific"
const char kTimezoneFilesDir[] = "/usr/share/zoneinfo/";
// Fallback time zone ID used in case of an unexpected error.
const char kFallbackTimeZoneId[] = "America/Los_Angeles";
// TODO(jungshik): Using Enumerate method in ICU gives 600+ timezones.
// Even after filtering out duplicate entries with a strict identity check,
// we still have 400+ zones. Relaxing the criteria for the timezone
// identity is likely to cut down the number to < 100. Until we
// come up with a better list, we hard-code the following list. It came from
// from Android initially, but more entries have been added.
static const char* kTimeZones[] = {
"Pacific/Midway",
"Pacific/Honolulu",
"America/Anchorage",
"America/Los_Angeles",
"America/Vancouver",
"America/Tijuana",
"America/Phoenix",
"America/Denver",
"America/Edmonton",
"America/Chihuahua",
"America/Regina",
"America/Costa_Rica",
"America/Chicago",
"America/Mexico_City",
"America/Winnipeg",
"America/Bogota",
"America/New_York",
"America/Toronto",
"America/Caracas",
"America/Barbados",
"America/Halifax",
"America/Manaus",
"America/Santiago",
"America/St_Johns",
"America/Sao_Paulo",
"America/Araguaina",
"America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires",
"America/Argentina/San_Luis",
"America/Montevideo",
"America/Godthab",
"Atlantic/South_Georgia",
"Atlantic/Cape_Verde",
"Atlantic/Azores",
"Africa/Casablanca",
"Europe/London",
"Europe/Dublin",
"Europe/Amsterdam",
"Europe/Belgrade",
"Europe/Berlin",
"Europe/Brussels",
"Europe/Madrid",
"Europe/Paris",
"Europe/Rome",
"Europe/Stockholm",
"Europe/Sarajevo",
"Europe/Vienna",
"Europe/Warsaw",
"Europe/Zurich",
"Africa/Windhoek",
"Africa/Lagos",
"Africa/Brazzaville",
"Africa/Cairo",
"Africa/Harare",
"Africa/Maputo",
"Africa/Johannesburg",
"Europe/Helsinki",
"Europe/Athens",
"Asia/Amman",
"Asia/Beirut",
"Asia/Jerusalem",
"Europe/Minsk",
"Asia/Baghdad",
"Asia/Riyadh",
"Asia/Kuwait",
"Africa/Nairobi",
"Asia/Tehran",
"Europe/Moscow",
"Asia/Dubai",
"Asia/Tbilisi",
"Indian/Mauritius",
"Asia/Baku",
"Asia/Yerevan",
"Asia/Kabul",
"Asia/Karachi",
"Asia/Ashgabat",
"Asia/Oral",
"Asia/Calcutta",
"Asia/Colombo",
"Asia/Katmandu",
"Asia/Yekaterinburg",
"Asia/Almaty",
"Asia/Dhaka",
"Asia/Rangoon",
"Asia/Bangkok",
"Asia/Jakarta",
"Asia/Omsk",
"Asia/Novosibirsk",
"Asia/Shanghai",
"Asia/Hong_Kong",
"Asia/Kuala_Lumpur",
"Asia/Singapore",
"Asia/Manila",
"Asia/Taipei",
"Asia/Makassar",
"Asia/Krasnoyarsk",
"Australia/Perth",
"Australia/Eucla",
"Asia/Irkutsk",
"Asia/Seoul",
"Asia/Tokyo",
"Asia/Jayapura",
"Australia/Adelaide",
"Australia/Darwin",
"Australia/Brisbane",
"Australia/Hobart",
"Australia/Sydney",
"Asia/Yakutsk",
"Pacific/Guam",
"Pacific/Port_Moresby",
"Asia/Vladivostok",
"Asia/Sakhalin",
"Asia/Magadan",
"Pacific/Auckland",
"Pacific/Fiji",
"Pacific/Majuro",
"Pacific/Tongatapu",
"Pacific/Apia",
"Pacific/Kiritimati",
};
std::string GetTimezoneIDAsString() {
// Compare with chromiumos/src/platform/init/ui.conf which fixes certain
// incorrect states of the timezone symlink on startup. Thus errors occuring
// here should be rather contrived.
// Look at kTimezoneSymlink, see which timezone we are symlinked to.
char buf[256];
const ssize_t len = readlink(kTimezoneSymlink, buf,
sizeof(buf)-1);
if (len == -1) {
LOG(ERROR) << "GetTimezoneID: Cannot read timezone symlink "
<< kTimezoneSymlink;
return std::string();
}
std::string timezone(buf, len);
// Remove kTimezoneFilesDir from the beginning.
if (timezone.find(kTimezoneFilesDir) != 0) {
LOG(ERROR) << "GetTimezoneID: Timezone symlink is wrong "
<< timezone;
return std::string();
}
return timezone.substr(strlen(kTimezoneFilesDir));
}
void SetTimezoneIDFromString(const std::string& id) {
// Change the kTimezoneSymlink symlink to the path for this timezone.
// We want to do this in an atomic way. So we are going to create the symlink
// at kTimezoneSymlink2 and then move it to kTimezoneSymlink
base::FilePath timezone_symlink(kTimezoneSymlink);
base::FilePath timezone_symlink2(kTimezoneSymlink2);
base::FilePath timezone_file(kTimezoneFilesDir + id);
// Make sure timezone_file exists.
if (!base::PathExists(timezone_file)) {
LOG(ERROR) << "SetTimezoneID: Cannot find timezone file "
<< timezone_file.value();
return;
}
// Delete old symlink2 if it exists.
base::DeleteFile(timezone_symlink2, false);
// Create new symlink2.
if (symlink(timezone_file.value().c_str(),
timezone_symlink2.value().c_str()) == -1) {
LOG(ERROR) << "SetTimezoneID: Unable to create symlink "
<< timezone_symlink2.value() << " to " << timezone_file.value();
return;
}
// Move symlink2 to symlink.
if (!base::ReplaceFile(timezone_symlink2, timezone_symlink, NULL)) {
LOG(ERROR) << "SetTimezoneID: Unable to move symlink "
<< timezone_symlink2.value() << " to "
<< timezone_symlink.value();
}
}
// Common code of the TimezoneSettings implementations.
class TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl : public chromeos::system::TimezoneSettings {
public:
virtual ~TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl();
// TimezoneSettings implementation:
virtual const icu::TimeZone& GetTimezone() OVERRIDE;
virtual string16 GetCurrentTimezoneID() OVERRIDE;
virtual void SetTimezoneFromID(const string16& timezone_id) OVERRIDE;
virtual void AddObserver(Observer* observer) OVERRIDE;
virtual void RemoveObserver(Observer* observer) OVERRIDE;
virtual const std::vector<icu::TimeZone*>& GetTimezoneList() const OVERRIDE;
protected:
TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl();
// Returns |timezone| if it is an element of |timezones_|.
// Otherwise, returns a timezone from |timezones_|, if such exists, that has
// the same rule as the given |timezone|.
// Otherwise, returns NULL.
// Note multiple timezones with the same time zone offset may exist
// e.g.
// US/Pacific == America/Los_Angeles
const icu::TimeZone* GetKnownTimezoneOrNull(
const icu::TimeZone& timezone) const;
ObserverList<Observer> observers_;
std::vector<icu::TimeZone*> timezones_;
scoped_ptr<icu::TimeZone> timezone_;
private:
DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN(TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl);
};
// The TimezoneSettings implementation used in production.
class TimezoneSettingsImpl : public TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl {
public:
// TimezoneSettings implementation:
virtual void SetTimezone(const icu::TimeZone& timezone) OVERRIDE;
static TimezoneSettingsImpl* GetInstance();
private:
friend struct DefaultSingletonTraits<TimezoneSettingsImpl>;
TimezoneSettingsImpl();
DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN(TimezoneSettingsImpl);
};
// The stub TimezoneSettings implementation used on Linux desktop.
class TimezoneSettingsStubImpl : public TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl {
public:
// TimezoneSettings implementation:
virtual void SetTimezone(const icu::TimeZone& timezone) OVERRIDE;
static TimezoneSettingsStubImpl* GetInstance();
private:
friend struct DefaultSingletonTraits<TimezoneSettingsStubImpl>;
TimezoneSettingsStubImpl();
DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN(TimezoneSettingsStubImpl);
};
TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl::~TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl() {
STLDeleteElements(&timezones_);
}
const icu::TimeZone& TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl::GetTimezone() {
return *timezone_.get();
}
string16 TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl::GetCurrentTimezoneID() {
return chromeos::system::TimezoneSettings::GetTimezoneID(GetTimezone());
}
void TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl::SetTimezoneFromID(const string16& timezone_id) {
scoped_ptr<icu::TimeZone> timezone(icu::TimeZone::createTimeZone(
icu::UnicodeString(timezone_id.c_str(), timezone_id.size())));
SetTimezone(*timezone);
}
void TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl::AddObserver(Observer* observer) {
observers_.AddObserver(observer);
}
void TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl::RemoveObserver(Observer* observer) {
observers_.RemoveObserver(observer);
}
const std::vector<icu::TimeZone*>&
TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl::GetTimezoneList() const {
return timezones_;
}
TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl::TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl() {
for (size_t i = 0; i < arraysize(kTimeZones); ++i) {
timezones_.push_back(icu::TimeZone::createTimeZone(
icu::UnicodeString(kTimeZones[i], -1, US_INV)));
}
}
const icu::TimeZone* TimezoneSettingsBaseImpl::GetKnownTimezoneOrNull(
const icu::TimeZone& timezone) const {
const icu::TimeZone* known_timezone = NULL;
for (std::vector<icu::TimeZone*>::const_iterator iter = timezones_.begin();
iter != timezones_.end(); ++iter) {
const icu::TimeZone* entry = *iter;
if (*entry == timezone)
return entry;
if (entry->hasSameRules(timezone))
known_timezone = entry;
}
// May return NULL if we did not find a matching timezone in our list.
return known_timezone;
}
void TimezoneSettingsImpl::SetTimezone(const icu::TimeZone& timezone) {
// Replace |timezone| by a known timezone with the same rules. If none exists
// go on with |timezone|.
const icu::TimeZone* known_timezone = GetKnownTimezoneOrNull(timezone);
if (!known_timezone)
known_timezone = &timezone;
timezone_.reset(known_timezone->clone());
std::string id = UTF16ToUTF8(GetTimezoneID(*known_timezone));
VLOG(1) << "Setting timezone to " << id;
// It's safe to change the timezone config files in the background as the
// following operations don't depend on the completion of the config change.
base::WorkerPool::GetTaskRunner(true /* task is slow */)->
PostTask(FROM_HERE, base::Bind(&SetTimezoneIDFromString, id));
icu::TimeZone::setDefault(*known_timezone);
FOR_EACH_OBSERVER(Observer, observers_, TimezoneChanged(*known_timezone));
}
// static
TimezoneSettingsImpl* TimezoneSettingsImpl::GetInstance() {
return Singleton<TimezoneSettingsImpl,
DefaultSingletonTraits<TimezoneSettingsImpl> >::get();
}
TimezoneSettingsImpl::TimezoneSettingsImpl() {
std::string id = GetTimezoneIDAsString();
if (id.empty()) {
id = kFallbackTimeZoneId;
LOG(ERROR) << "Got an empty string for timezone, default to '" << id;
}
timezone_.reset(icu::TimeZone::createTimeZone(
icu::UnicodeString::fromUTF8(id)));
// Store a known timezone equivalent to id in |timezone_|.
const icu::TimeZone* known_timezone = GetKnownTimezoneOrNull(*timezone_);
if (known_timezone != NULL && *known_timezone != *timezone_)
// Not necessary to update the filesystem because |known_timezone| has the
// same rules.
timezone_.reset(known_timezone->clone());
icu::TimeZone::setDefault(*timezone_);
VLOG(1) << "Timezone initially set to " << id;
}
void TimezoneSettingsStubImpl::SetTimezone(const icu::TimeZone& timezone) {
// Replace |timezone| by a known timezone with the same rules. If none exists
// go on with |timezone|.
const icu::TimeZone* known_timezone = GetKnownTimezoneOrNull(timezone);
if (!known_timezone)
known_timezone = &timezone;
timezone_.reset(known_timezone->clone());
icu::TimeZone::setDefault(*known_timezone);
FOR_EACH_OBSERVER(Observer, observers_, TimezoneChanged(*known_timezone));
}
// static
TimezoneSettingsStubImpl* TimezoneSettingsStubImpl::GetInstance() {
return Singleton<TimezoneSettingsStubImpl,
DefaultSingletonTraits<TimezoneSettingsStubImpl> >::get();
}
TimezoneSettingsStubImpl::TimezoneSettingsStubImpl() {
timezone_.reset(icu::TimeZone::createDefault());
const icu::TimeZone* known_timezone = GetKnownTimezoneOrNull(*timezone_);
if (known_timezone != NULL && *known_timezone != *timezone_)
timezone_.reset(known_timezone->clone());
}
} // namespace
namespace chromeos {
namespace system {
TimezoneSettings::Observer::~Observer() {}
// static
TimezoneSettings* TimezoneSettings::GetInstance() {
if (base::SysInfo::IsRunningOnChromeOS()) {
return TimezoneSettingsImpl::GetInstance();
} else {
return TimezoneSettingsStubImpl::GetInstance();
}
}
// static
string16 TimezoneSettings::GetTimezoneID(const icu::TimeZone& timezone) {
icu::UnicodeString id;
timezone.getID(id);
return string16(id.getBuffer(), id.length());
}
} // namespace system
} // namespace chromeos