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// Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#ifndef NET_DNS_DNS_PROTOCOL_H_
#define NET_DNS_DNS_PROTOCOL_H_
#include <stdint.h>
#include "net/base/net_export.h"
namespace net {
namespace dns_protocol {
static const uint16_t kDefaultPort = 53;
static const uint16_t kDefaultPortMulticast = 5353;
// DNS packet consists of a header followed by questions and/or answers.
// For the meaning of specific fields, please see RFC 1035 and 2535
// Header format.
// 1 1 1 1 1 1
// 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// | ID |
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// |QR| Opcode |AA|TC|RD|RA| Z|AD|CD| RCODE |
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// | QDCOUNT |
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// | ANCOUNT |
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// | NSCOUNT |
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// | ARCOUNT |
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// Question format.
// 1 1 1 1 1 1
// 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// | |
// / QNAME /
// / /
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// | QTYPE |
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// | QCLASS |
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// Answer format.
// 1 1 1 1 1 1
// 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// | |
// / /
// / NAME /
// | |
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// | TYPE |
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// | CLASS |
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// | TTL |
// | |
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
// | RDLENGTH |
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--|
// / RDATA /
// / /
// +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
#pragma pack(push)
#pragma pack(1)
// On-the-wire header. All uint16_t are in network order.
struct NET_EXPORT Header {
uint16_t id = 0;
uint16_t flags = 0;
uint16_t qdcount = 0;
uint16_t ancount = 0;
uint16_t nscount = 0;
uint16_t arcount = 0;
};
#pragma pack(pop)
static const uint8_t kLabelMask = 0xc0;
static const uint8_t kLabelPointer = 0xc0;
static const uint8_t kLabelDirect = 0x0;
static const uint16_t kOffsetMask = 0x3fff;
// In MDns the most significant bit of the rrclass is designated as the
// "cache-flush bit", as described in http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc6762.txt
// section 10.2.
static const uint16_t kMDnsClassMask = 0x7FFF;
// RFC 1035, section 3.1: To simplify implementations, the total length of
// a domain name (i.e., label octets and label length octets) is restricted
// to 255 octets or less.
static const int kMaxNameLength = 255;
// RFC 1035, section 4.2.1: Messages carried by UDP are restricted to 512
// bytes (not counting the IP nor UDP headers).
static const int kMaxUDPSize = 512;
// RFC 6762, section 17: Messages over the local link are restricted by the
// medium's MTU, and must be under 9000 bytes
static const int kMaxMulticastSize = 9000;
// DNS class types.
//
// https://www.iana.org/assignments/dns-parameters/dns-parameters.xhtml#dns-parameters-2
static const uint16_t kClassIN = 1;
// DNS resource record types.
//
// https://www.iana.org/assignments/dns-parameters/dns-parameters.xhtml#dns-parameters-4
static const uint16_t kTypeA = 1;
static const uint16_t kTypeCNAME = 5;
static const uint16_t kTypeSOA = 6;
static const uint16_t kTypePTR = 12;
static const uint16_t kTypeTXT = 16;
static const uint16_t kTypeAAAA = 28;
static const uint16_t kTypeSRV = 33;
static const uint16_t kTypeOPT = 41;
static const uint16_t kTypeNSEC = 47;
// DNS reply codes (RCODEs).
//
// https://www.iana.org/assignments/dns-parameters/dns-parameters.xhtml#dns-parameters-6
static const uint8_t kRcodeNOERROR = 0;
static const uint8_t kRcodeFORMERR = 1;
static const uint8_t kRcodeSERVFAIL = 2;
static const uint8_t kRcodeNXDOMAIN = 3;
static const uint8_t kRcodeNOTIMP = 4;
static const uint8_t kRcodeREFUSED = 5;
// DNS header flags.
//
// https://www.iana.org/assignments/dns-parameters/dns-parameters.xhtml#dns-parameters-12
static const uint16_t kFlagResponse = 0x8000;
static const uint16_t kFlagAA = 0x400; // Authoritative Answer - response flag.
static const uint16_t kFlagRD = 0x100; // Recursion Desired - query flag.
static const uint16_t kFlagTC = 0x200; // Truncated - server flag.
} // namespace dns_protocol
} // namespace net
#endif // NET_DNS_DNS_PROTOCOL_H_