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// Copyright (c) 2013 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include <stdint.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include "base/base_export.h"
#include "base/files/file_path.h"
#include "build/build_config.h"
#if defined(OS_WIN)
#include "base/win/windows_types.h"
#if defined(OS_FUCHSIA)
#include <zircon/types.h>
namespace base {
// ProcessHandle is a platform specific type which represents the underlying OS
// handle to a process.
// ProcessId is a number which identifies the process in the OS.
#if defined(OS_WIN)
typedef HANDLE ProcessHandle;
typedef DWORD ProcessId;
typedef HANDLE UserTokenHandle;
const ProcessHandle kNullProcessHandle = NULL;
const ProcessId kNullProcessId = 0;
#elif defined(OS_FUCHSIA)
typedef zx_handle_t ProcessHandle;
typedef zx_koid_t ProcessId;
const ProcessHandle kNullProcessHandle = ZX_HANDLE_INVALID;
const ProcessId kNullProcessId = ZX_KOID_INVALID;
#elif defined(OS_POSIX)
// On POSIX, our ProcessHandle will just be the PID.
typedef pid_t ProcessHandle;
typedef pid_t ProcessId;
const ProcessHandle kNullProcessHandle = 0;
const ProcessId kNullProcessId = 0;
#endif // defined(OS_WIN)
// To print ProcessIds portably use CrPRIdPid (based on PRIuS and friends from
// C99 and format_macros.h) like this:
// base::StringPrintf("PID is %" CrPRIdPid ".\n", pid);
#if defined(OS_WIN) || defined(OS_FUCHSIA)
#define CrPRIdPid "ld"
#define CrPRIdPid "d"
class UniqueProcId {
explicit UniqueProcId(ProcessId value) : value_(value) {}
UniqueProcId(const UniqueProcId& other) = default;
UniqueProcId& operator=(const UniqueProcId& other) = default;
// Returns the process PID. WARNING: On some platforms, the pid may not be
// valid within the current process sandbox.
ProcessId GetUnsafeValue() const { return value_; }
bool operator==(const UniqueProcId& other) const {
return value_ == other.value_;
bool operator!=(const UniqueProcId& other) const {
return value_ != other.value_;
bool operator<(const UniqueProcId& other) const {
return value_ < other.value_;
bool operator<=(const UniqueProcId& other) const {
return value_ <= other.value_;
bool operator>(const UniqueProcId& other) const {
return value_ > other.value_;
bool operator>=(const UniqueProcId& other) const {
return value_ >= other.value_;
ProcessId value_;
std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& os, const UniqueProcId& obj);
// Returns the id of the current process.
// Note that on some platforms, this is not guaranteed to be unique across
// processes (use GetUniqueIdForProcess if uniqueness is required).
BASE_EXPORT ProcessId GetCurrentProcId();
// Returns a unique ID for the current process. The ID will be unique across all
// currently running processes within the chrome session, but IDs of terminated
// processes may be reused.
BASE_EXPORT UniqueProcId GetUniqueIdForProcess();
#if defined(OS_LINUX)
// When a process is started in a different PID namespace from the browser
// process, this function must be called with the process's PID in the browser's
// PID namespace in order to initialize its unique ID. Not thread safe.
// WARNING: To avoid inconsistent results from GetUniqueIdForProcess, this
// should only be called very early after process startup - ideally as soon
// after process creation as possible.
BASE_EXPORT void InitUniqueIdForProcessInPidNamespace(
ProcessId pid_outside_of_namespace);
// Returns the ProcessHandle of the current process.
BASE_EXPORT ProcessHandle GetCurrentProcessHandle();
// Returns the process ID for the specified process. This is functionally the
// same as Windows' GetProcessId(), but works on versions of Windows before Win
// XP SP1 as well.
// DEPRECATED. New code should be using Process::Pid() instead.
// Note that on some platforms, this is not guaranteed to be unique across
// processes.
BASE_EXPORT ProcessId GetProcId(ProcessHandle process);
#if !defined(OS_FUCHSIA)
// Returns the ID for the parent of the given process. Not available on Fuchsia.
// Returning a negative value indicates an error, such as if the |process| does
// not exist. Returns 0 when |process| has no parent process.
BASE_EXPORT ProcessId GetParentProcessId(ProcessHandle process);
#endif // !defined(OS_FUCHSIA)
#if defined(OS_POSIX)
// Returns the path to the executable of the given process.
BASE_EXPORT FilePath GetProcessExecutablePath(ProcessHandle process);
} // namespace base