blob: 2c76bfb2802514c408184627b93fd422e0a0d015 [file] [log] [blame]
// Copyright (c) 2010 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include "base/basictypes.h"
#ifndef HANDLE
// We can provide our own windows compatilble handle definition, but
// in general we want to rely on the client of this api to include
// the proper windows headers. Note that we don't want to bring the
// whole <windows.h> into scope if we don't have to.
typedef void* HANDLE;
namespace sandbox {
// SharedHandles is a simple class to stash and find windows object handles
// given a raw block of memory which is shared between two processes.
// It addresses the need to communicate a handle value between two windows
// processes given that they are already sharing some memory.
// This class is not exposed directly to users of the sanbox API, instead
// we expose the wrapper methods TargetProcess::TransferHandle( ) and
// TargetServices::GetTransferHandle()
// Use it for a small number of items, since internaly uses linear seach
// The use is very simple. Given a shared memory between proces A and B:
// process A:
// HANDLE handle = SomeFunction(..);
// SharedHandles shared_handes;
// shared_handles.Init(memory)
// shared_handles.SetHandle(3, handle);
// process B:
// SharedHandles shared_handes;
// shared_handles.Init(memory)
// HANDLE handle = shared_handles.GetHandle(3);
// Note that '3' in this example is a unique id, that must be agreed before
// transfer
// Note2: While this class can be used in a single process, there are
// better alternatives such as STL
// Note3: Under windows a kernel object handle in one process does not
// make sense for another process unless there is a DuplicateHandle( )
// call involved which this class DOES NOT do that for you.
// Note4: Under windows, shared memory when created is initialized to
// zeros always. If you are not using shared memory it is your responsability
// to zero it for the setter process and to copy it to the getter process.
class SharedHandles {
// Initializes the shared memory for use.
// Pass the shared memory base and size. It will internally compute
// how many handles can it store. If initialization fails the return value
// is false.
bool Init(void* raw_mem, size_t size_bytes);
// Sets a handle in the shared memory for transfer.
// Parameters:
// tag : an integer, different from zero that uniquely identfies the
// handle to transfer.
// handle: the handle value associated with 'tag' to tranfer
// Returns false if there is not enough space in the shared memory for
// this handle.
bool SetHandle(uint32 tag, HANDLE handle);
// Gets a handle previously stored by SetHandle.
// Parameters:
// tag: an integer different from zero that uniquely identfies the handle
// to retrieve.
// *handle: output handle value if the call was succesful.
// If a handle with the provided tag is not found the return value is false.
// If the tag is found the return value is true.
bool GetHandle(uint32 tag, HANDLE* handle);
// A single item is the tuple handle/tag
struct SharedItem {
uint32 tag;
void* item;
// SharedMem is used to layout the memory as an array of SharedItems
struct SharedMem {
size_t max_items;
SharedItem* items;
// Finds an Item tuple provided the handle tag.
// Uses linear search because we expect the number of handles to be
// small (say less than ~100).
SharedItem* FindByTag(uint32 tag);
SharedMem shared_;
} // namespace sandbox