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// Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
// A read-only set implementation for |SBPrefix| items. Prefixes are
// sorted and stored as 16-bit deltas from the previous prefix. An
// index structure provides quick random access, and also handles
// cases where 16 bits cannot encode a delta.
// For example, the sequence {20, 25, 41, 65432, 150000, 160000} would
// be stored as:
// A pair {20, 0} in |index_|.
// 5, 16, 65391 in |deltas_|.
// A pair {150000, 3} in |index_|.
// 10000 in |deltas_|.
// |index_.size()| will be 2, |deltas_.size()| will be 4.
// This structure is intended for storage of sparse uniform sets of
// prefixes of a certain size. As of this writing, my safe-browsing
// database contains:
// 653132 add prefixes
// 6446 are duplicates (from different chunks)
// 24301 w/in 2^8 of the prior prefix
// 622337 w/in 2^16 of the prior prefix
// 47 further than 2^16 from the prior prefix
// For this input, the memory usage is approximately 2 bytes per
// prefix, a bit over 1.2M. The bloom filter used 25 bits per prefix,
// a bit over 1.9M on this data.
// Experimenting with random selections of the above data, storage
// size drops almost linearly as prefix count drops, until the index
// overhead starts to become a problem a bit under 200k prefixes. The
// memory footprint gets worse than storing the raw prefix data around
// 75k prefixes. Fortunately, the actual memory footprint also falls.
// If the prefix count increases the memory footprint should increase
// approximately linearly. The worst-case would be 2^16 items all
// 2^16 apart, which would need 512k (versus 256k to store the raw
// data).
// The on-disk format looks like:
// 4 byte magic number
// 4 byte version number
// 4 byte |index_.size()|
// 4 byte |deltas_.size()|
// n * 8 byte |&index_[0]..&index_[n]|
// m * 2 byte |&deltas_[0]..&deltas_[m]|
// 16 byte digest
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <memory>
#include <utility>
#include <vector>
#include "base/gtest_prod_util.h"
#include "base/macros.h"
#include "components/safe_browsing/db/util.h"
namespace base {
class FilePath;
namespace safe_browsing {
class PrefixSet {
// |true| if |hash| is in the hashes passed to the set's builder, or if
// |hash.prefix| is one of the prefixes passed to the set's builder.
bool Exists(const SBFullHash& hash) const;
// Persist the set on disk.
static std::unique_ptr<const PrefixSet> LoadFile(
const base::FilePath& filter_name);
bool WriteFile(const base::FilePath& filter_name) const;
friend class PrefixSetBuilder;
friend class PrefixSetTest;
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(PrefixSetTest, FullHashBuild);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(PrefixSetTest, OneElement);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(PrefixSetTest, ReadWriteSigned);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(PrefixSetTest, Version3);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(SafeBrowsingStoreFileTest, BasicStore);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(SafeBrowsingStoreFileTest, DeleteChunks);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(SafeBrowsingStoreFileTest, DetectsCorruption);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(SafeBrowsingStoreFileTest, Empty);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(SafeBrowsingStoreFileTest, PrefixMinMax);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(SafeBrowsingStoreFileTest, SubKnockout);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(SafeBrowsingStoreFileTest, Version7);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(SafeBrowsingStoreFileTest, Version8);
// Maximum number of consecutive deltas to encode before generating
// a new index entry. This helps keep the worst-case performance
// for |Exists()| under control.
static const size_t kMaxRun = 100;
// Helpers to make |index_| easier to deal with.
typedef std::pair<SBPrefix, uint32_t> IndexPair;
typedef std::vector<IndexPair> IndexVector;
static bool PrefixLess(const IndexPair& a, const IndexPair& b);
// Helper to let |PrefixSetBuilder| add a run of data. |index_prefix| is
// added to |index_|, with the other elements added into |deltas_|.
void AddRun(SBPrefix index_prefix,
const uint16_t* run_begin,
const uint16_t* run_end);
// |true| if |prefix| is one of the prefixes passed to the set's builder.
// Provided for testing purposes.
bool PrefixExists(SBPrefix prefix) const;
// Regenerate the vector of prefixes passed to the constructor into
// |prefixes|. Prefixes will be added in sorted order. Useful for testing.
void GetPrefixes(std::vector<SBPrefix>* prefixes) const;
// Used by |PrefixSetBuilder|.
// Helper for |LoadFile()|. Steals vector contents using |swap()|.
PrefixSet(IndexVector* index,
std::vector<uint16_t>* deltas,
std::vector<SBFullHash>* full_hashes);
// Top-level index of prefix to offset in |deltas_|. Each pair
// indicates a base prefix and where the deltas from that prefix
// begin in |deltas_|. The deltas for a pair end at the next pair's
// index into |deltas_|.
IndexVector index_;
// Deltas which are added to the prefix in |index_| to generate
// prefixes. Deltas are only valid between consecutive items from
// |index_|, or the end of |deltas_| for the last |index_| pair.
std::vector<uint16_t> deltas_;
// Full hashes ordered by SBFullHashLess.
std::vector<SBFullHash> full_hashes_;
// Helper to incrementally build a PrefixSet from a stream of sorted prefixes.
class PrefixSetBuilder {
// Helper for unit tests and format conversion.
explicit PrefixSetBuilder(const std::vector<SBPrefix>& prefixes);
// Add a prefix to the set. Prefixes must arrive in ascending order.
// Duplicate prefixes are dropped.
void AddPrefix(SBPrefix prefix);
// Flush any buffered prefixes, and return the final PrefixSet instance.
// |hashes| are sorted and stored in |full_hashes_|. Any call other than the
// destructor is illegal after this call.
std::unique_ptr<const PrefixSet> GetPrefixSet(
const std::vector<SBFullHash>& hashes);
// Helper for clients which only track prefixes. Calls GetPrefixSet() with
// empty hash vector.
std::unique_ptr<const PrefixSet> GetPrefixSetNoHashes();
// Encode a run of deltas for |AddRun()|. The run is broken by a too-large
// delta, or kMaxRun, whichever comes first.
void EmitRun();
// Buffers prefixes until enough are avaliable to emit a run.
std::vector<SBPrefix> buffer_;
// The PrefixSet being built.
std::unique_ptr<PrefixSet> prefix_set_;
} // namespace safe_browsing