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// Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
// Copied from strings/stringpiece.h with modifications
//
// A string-like object that points to a sized piece of memory.
//
// You can use StringPiece as a function or method parameter. A StringPiece
// parameter can receive a double-quoted string literal argument, a "const
// char*" argument, a string argument, or a StringPiece argument with no data
// copying. Systematic use of StringPiece for arguments reduces data
// copies and strlen() calls.
//
// Prefer passing StringPieces by value:
// void MyFunction(StringPiece arg);
// If circumstances require, you may also pass by const reference:
// void MyFunction(const StringPiece& arg); // not preferred
// Both of these have the same lifetime semantics. Passing by value
// generates slightly smaller code. For more discussion, Googlers can see
// the thread go/stringpiecebyvalue on c-users.
#ifndef BASE_STRINGS_STRING_PIECE_H_
#define BASE_STRINGS_STRING_PIECE_H_
#include <stddef.h>
#include <iosfwd>
#include <string>
#include <type_traits>
#include "base/base_export.h"
#include "base/logging.h"
#include "base/strings/char_traits.h"
#include "base/strings/string16.h"
#include "base/strings/string_piece_forward.h"
namespace base {
// internal --------------------------------------------------------------------
// Many of the StringPiece functions use different implementations for the
// 8-bit and 16-bit versions, and we don't want lots of template expansions in
// this (very common) header that will slow down compilation.
//
// So here we define overloaded functions called by the StringPiece template.
// For those that share an implementation, the two versions will expand to a
// template internal to the .cc file.
namespace internal {
BASE_EXPORT void CopyToString(const StringPiece& self, std::string* target);
BASE_EXPORT void CopyToString(const StringPiece16& self, string16* target);
BASE_EXPORT void AppendToString(const StringPiece& self, std::string* target);
BASE_EXPORT void AppendToString(const StringPiece16& self, string16* target);
BASE_EXPORT size_t copy(const StringPiece& self,
char* buf,
size_t n,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t copy(const StringPiece16& self,
char16* buf,
size_t n,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find(const StringPiece& self,
const StringPiece& s,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find(const StringPiece16& self,
const StringPiece16& s,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find(const StringPiece& self,
char c,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find(const StringPiece16& self,
char16 c,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t rfind(const StringPiece& self,
const StringPiece& s,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t rfind(const StringPiece16& self,
const StringPiece16& s,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t rfind(const StringPiece& self,
char c,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t rfind(const StringPiece16& self,
char16 c,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find_first_of(const StringPiece& self,
const StringPiece& s,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find_first_of(const StringPiece16& self,
const StringPiece16& s,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find_first_not_of(const StringPiece& self,
const StringPiece& s,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find_first_not_of(const StringPiece16& self,
const StringPiece16& s,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find_first_not_of(const StringPiece& self,
char c,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find_first_not_of(const StringPiece16& self,
char16 c,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find_last_of(const StringPiece& self,
const StringPiece& s,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find_last_of(const StringPiece16& self,
const StringPiece16& s,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find_last_of(const StringPiece& self,
char c,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find_last_of(const StringPiece16& self,
char16 c,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find_last_not_of(const StringPiece& self,
const StringPiece& s,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find_last_not_of(const StringPiece16& self,
const StringPiece16& s,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find_last_not_of(const StringPiece16& self,
char16 c,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT size_t find_last_not_of(const StringPiece& self,
char c,
size_t pos);
BASE_EXPORT StringPiece substr(const StringPiece& self,
size_t pos,
size_t n);
BASE_EXPORT StringPiece16 substr(const StringPiece16& self,
size_t pos,
size_t n);
#if DCHECK_IS_ON()
// Asserts that begin <= end to catch some errors with iterator usage.
BASE_EXPORT void AssertIteratorsInOrder(std::string::const_iterator begin,
std::string::const_iterator end);
BASE_EXPORT void AssertIteratorsInOrder(string16::const_iterator begin,
string16::const_iterator end);
#endif
} // namespace internal
// BasicStringPiece ------------------------------------------------------------
// Defines the types, methods, operators, and data members common to both
// StringPiece and StringPiece16.
//
// This is templatized by string class type rather than character type, so
// BasicStringPiece<std::string> or BasicStringPiece<base::string16>.
template <typename STRING_TYPE> class BasicStringPiece {
public:
// Standard STL container boilerplate.
typedef size_t size_type;
typedef typename STRING_TYPE::value_type value_type;
typedef const value_type* pointer;
typedef const value_type& reference;
typedef const value_type& const_reference;
typedef ptrdiff_t difference_type;
typedef const value_type* const_iterator;
typedef std::reverse_iterator<const_iterator> const_reverse_iterator;
static const size_type npos;
public:
// We provide non-explicit singleton constructors so users can pass
// in a "const char*" or a "string" wherever a "StringPiece" is
// expected (likewise for char16, string16, StringPiece16).
constexpr BasicStringPiece() : ptr_(NULL), length_(0) {}
// TODO(dcheng): Construction from nullptr is not allowed for
// std::basic_string_view, so remove the special handling for it.
// Note: This doesn't just use STRING_TYPE::traits_type::length(), since that
// isn't constexpr until C++17.
constexpr BasicStringPiece(const value_type* str)
: ptr_(str), length_(!str ? 0 : CharTraits<value_type>::length(str)) {}
BasicStringPiece(const STRING_TYPE& str)
: ptr_(str.data()), length_(str.size()) {}
constexpr BasicStringPiece(const value_type* offset, size_type len)
: ptr_(offset), length_(len) {}
BasicStringPiece(const typename STRING_TYPE::const_iterator& begin,
const typename STRING_TYPE::const_iterator& end) {
#if DCHECK_IS_ON()
// This assertion is done out-of-line to avoid bringing in logging.h and
// instantiating logging macros for every instantiation.
internal::AssertIteratorsInOrder(begin, end);
#endif
length_ = static_cast<size_t>(std::distance(begin, end));
// The length test before assignment is to avoid dereferencing an iterator
// that may point to the end() of a string.
ptr_ = length_ > 0 ? &*begin : nullptr;
}
// data() may return a pointer to a buffer with embedded NULs, and the
// returned buffer may or may not be null terminated. Therefore it is
// typically a mistake to pass data() to a routine that expects a NUL
// terminated string.
constexpr const value_type* data() const { return ptr_; }
constexpr size_type size() const noexcept { return length_; }
constexpr size_type length() const noexcept { return length_; }
bool empty() const { return length_ == 0; }
void clear() {
ptr_ = NULL;
length_ = 0;
}
void set(const value_type* data, size_type len) {
ptr_ = data;
length_ = len;
}
void set(const value_type* str) {
ptr_ = str;
length_ = str ? STRING_TYPE::traits_type::length(str) : 0;
}
constexpr value_type operator[](size_type i) const {
CHECK(i < length_);
return ptr_[i];
}
value_type front() const {
CHECK_NE(0UL, length_);
return ptr_[0];
}
value_type back() const {
CHECK_NE(0UL, length_);
return ptr_[length_ - 1];
}
constexpr void remove_prefix(size_type n) {
CHECK(n <= length_);
ptr_ += n;
length_ -= n;
}
constexpr void remove_suffix(size_type n) {
CHECK(n <= length_);
length_ -= n;
}
constexpr int compare(BasicStringPiece x) const noexcept {
int r = CharTraits<value_type>::compare(
ptr_, x.ptr_, (length_ < x.length_ ? length_ : x.length_));
if (r == 0) {
if (length_ < x.length_) r = -1;
else if (length_ > x.length_) r = +1;
}
return r;
}
// This is the style of conversion preferred by std::string_view in C++17.
explicit operator STRING_TYPE() const { return as_string(); }
STRING_TYPE as_string() const {
// std::string doesn't like to take a NULL pointer even with a 0 size.
return empty() ? STRING_TYPE() : STRING_TYPE(data(), size());
}
const_iterator begin() const { return ptr_; }
const_iterator end() const { return ptr_ + length_; }
const_reverse_iterator rbegin() const {
return const_reverse_iterator(ptr_ + length_);
}
const_reverse_iterator rend() const {
return const_reverse_iterator(ptr_);
}
size_type max_size() const { return length_; }
size_type capacity() const { return length_; }
// Sets the value of the given string target type to be the current string.
// This saves a temporary over doing |a = b.as_string()|
void CopyToString(STRING_TYPE* target) const {
internal::CopyToString(*this, target);
}
void AppendToString(STRING_TYPE* target) const {
internal::AppendToString(*this, target);
}
size_type copy(value_type* buf, size_type n, size_type pos = 0) const {
return internal::copy(*this, buf, n, pos);
}
// Does "this" start with "x"
constexpr bool starts_with(BasicStringPiece x) const noexcept {
return (
(this->length_ >= x.length_) &&
(CharTraits<value_type>::compare(this->ptr_, x.ptr_, x.length_) == 0));
}
// Does "this" end with "x"
constexpr bool ends_with(BasicStringPiece x) const noexcept {
return ((this->length_ >= x.length_) &&
(CharTraits<value_type>::compare(
this->ptr_ + (this->length_ - x.length_), x.ptr_, x.length_) ==
0));
}
// find: Search for a character or substring at a given offset.
size_type find(const BasicStringPiece<STRING_TYPE>& s,
size_type pos = 0) const {
return internal::find(*this, s, pos);
}
size_type find(value_type c, size_type pos = 0) const {
return internal::find(*this, c, pos);
}
// rfind: Reverse find.
size_type rfind(const BasicStringPiece& s,
size_type pos = BasicStringPiece::npos) const {
return internal::rfind(*this, s, pos);
}
size_type rfind(value_type c, size_type pos = BasicStringPiece::npos) const {
return internal::rfind(*this, c, pos);
}
// find_first_of: Find the first occurence of one of a set of characters.
size_type find_first_of(const BasicStringPiece& s,
size_type pos = 0) const {
return internal::find_first_of(*this, s, pos);
}
size_type find_first_of(value_type c, size_type pos = 0) const {
return find(c, pos);
}
// find_first_not_of: Find the first occurence not of a set of characters.
size_type find_first_not_of(const BasicStringPiece& s,
size_type pos = 0) const {
return internal::find_first_not_of(*this, s, pos);
}
size_type find_first_not_of(value_type c, size_type pos = 0) const {
return internal::find_first_not_of(*this, c, pos);
}
// find_last_of: Find the last occurence of one of a set of characters.
size_type find_last_of(const BasicStringPiece& s,
size_type pos = BasicStringPiece::npos) const {
return internal::find_last_of(*this, s, pos);
}
size_type find_last_of(value_type c,
size_type pos = BasicStringPiece::npos) const {
return rfind(c, pos);
}
// find_last_not_of: Find the last occurence not of a set of characters.
size_type find_last_not_of(const BasicStringPiece& s,
size_type pos = BasicStringPiece::npos) const {
return internal::find_last_not_of(*this, s, pos);
}
size_type find_last_not_of(value_type c,
size_type pos = BasicStringPiece::npos) const {
return internal::find_last_not_of(*this, c, pos);
}
// substr.
BasicStringPiece substr(size_type pos,
size_type n = BasicStringPiece::npos) const {
return internal::substr(*this, pos, n);
}
protected:
const value_type* ptr_;
size_type length_;
};
template <typename STRING_TYPE>
const typename BasicStringPiece<STRING_TYPE>::size_type
BasicStringPiece<STRING_TYPE>::npos =
typename BasicStringPiece<STRING_TYPE>::size_type(-1);
// MSVC doesn't like complex extern templates and DLLs.
#if !defined(COMPILER_MSVC)
extern template class BASE_EXPORT BasicStringPiece<std::string>;
extern template class BASE_EXPORT BasicStringPiece<string16>;
#endif
// Comparison operators --------------------------------------------------------
// operator ==
template <typename StringT>
constexpr bool operator==(BasicStringPiece<StringT> lhs,
BasicStringPiece<StringT> rhs) noexcept {
return lhs.size() == rhs.size() && lhs.compare(rhs) == 0;
}
// Here and below we make use of std::common_type_t to emulate an identity type
// transformation. This creates a non-deduced context, so that we can compare
// StringPieces with types that implicitly convert to StringPieces. See
// https://wg21.link/n3766 for details.
// Furthermore, we require dummy template parameters for these overloads to work
// around a name mangling issue on Windows.
template <typename StringT, int = 1>
constexpr bool operator==(
BasicStringPiece<StringT> lhs,
std::common_type_t<BasicStringPiece<StringT>> rhs) noexcept {
return lhs.size() == rhs.size() && lhs.compare(rhs) == 0;
}
template <typename StringT, int = 2>
constexpr bool operator==(std::common_type_t<BasicStringPiece<StringT>> lhs,
BasicStringPiece<StringT> rhs) noexcept {
return lhs.size() == rhs.size() && lhs.compare(rhs) == 0;
}
// operator !=
template <typename StringT>
constexpr bool operator!=(BasicStringPiece<StringT> lhs,
BasicStringPiece<StringT> rhs) noexcept {
return !(lhs == rhs);
}
template <typename StringT, int = 1>
constexpr bool operator!=(
BasicStringPiece<StringT> lhs,
std::common_type_t<BasicStringPiece<StringT>> rhs) noexcept {
return !(lhs == rhs);
}
template <typename StringT, int = 2>
constexpr bool operator!=(std::common_type_t<BasicStringPiece<StringT>> lhs,
BasicStringPiece<StringT> rhs) noexcept {
return !(lhs == rhs);
}
// operator <
template <typename StringT>
constexpr bool operator<(BasicStringPiece<StringT> lhs,
BasicStringPiece<StringT> rhs) noexcept {
return lhs.compare(rhs) < 0;
}
template <typename StringT, int = 1>
constexpr bool operator<(
BasicStringPiece<StringT> lhs,
std::common_type_t<BasicStringPiece<StringT>> rhs) noexcept {
return lhs.compare(rhs) < 0;
}
template <typename StringT, int = 2>
constexpr bool operator<(std::common_type_t<BasicStringPiece<StringT>> lhs,
BasicStringPiece<StringT> rhs) noexcept {
return lhs.compare(rhs) < 0;
}
// operator >
template <typename StringT>
constexpr bool operator>(BasicStringPiece<StringT> lhs,
BasicStringPiece<StringT> rhs) noexcept {
return rhs < lhs;
}
template <typename StringT, int = 1>
constexpr bool operator>(
BasicStringPiece<StringT> lhs,
std::common_type_t<BasicStringPiece<StringT>> rhs) noexcept {
return rhs < lhs;
}
template <typename StringT, int = 2>
constexpr bool operator>(std::common_type_t<BasicStringPiece<StringT>> lhs,
BasicStringPiece<StringT> rhs) noexcept {
return rhs < lhs;
}
// operator <=
template <typename StringT>
constexpr bool operator<=(BasicStringPiece<StringT> lhs,
BasicStringPiece<StringT> rhs) noexcept {
return !(rhs < lhs);
}
template <typename StringT, int = 1>
constexpr bool operator<=(
BasicStringPiece<StringT> lhs,
std::common_type_t<BasicStringPiece<StringT>> rhs) noexcept {
return !(rhs < lhs);
}
template <typename StringT, int = 2>
constexpr bool operator<=(std::common_type_t<BasicStringPiece<StringT>> lhs,
BasicStringPiece<StringT> rhs) noexcept {
return !(rhs < lhs);
}
// operator >=
template <typename StringT>
constexpr bool operator>=(BasicStringPiece<StringT> lhs,
BasicStringPiece<StringT> rhs) noexcept {
return !(lhs < rhs);
}
template <typename StringT, int = 1>
constexpr bool operator>=(
BasicStringPiece<StringT> lhs,
std::common_type_t<BasicStringPiece<StringT>> rhs) noexcept {
return !(lhs < rhs);
}
template <typename StringT, int = 2>
constexpr bool operator>=(std::common_type_t<BasicStringPiece<StringT>> lhs,
BasicStringPiece<StringT> rhs) noexcept {
return !(lhs < rhs);
}
BASE_EXPORT std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& o,
const StringPiece& piece);
BASE_EXPORT std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& o,
const StringPiece16& piece);
// Hashing ---------------------------------------------------------------------
// We provide appropriate hash functions so StringPiece and StringPiece16 can
// be used as keys in hash sets and maps.
// This hash function is copied from base/strings/string16.h. We don't use the
// ones already defined for string and string16 directly because it would
// require the string constructors to be called, which we don't want.
template <typename StringPieceType>
struct StringPieceHashImpl {
std::size_t operator()(StringPieceType sp) const {
std::size_t result = 0;
for (auto c : sp)
result = (result * 131) + c;
return result;
}
};
using StringPieceHash = StringPieceHashImpl<StringPiece>;
using StringPiece16Hash = StringPieceHashImpl<StringPiece16>;
using WStringPieceHash = StringPieceHashImpl<WStringPiece>;
} // namespace base
#endif // BASE_STRINGS_STRING_PIECE_H_