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// Copyright 2019 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include "ui/gfx/system_fonts_win.h"
#include <windows.h>
#include "base/containers/flat_map.h"
#include "base/no_destructor.h"
#include "base/strings/sys_string_conversions.h"
#include "base/trace_event/trace_event.h"
#include "base/win/scoped_gdi_object.h"
#include "base/win/scoped_hdc.h"
#include "base/win/scoped_select_object.h"
#include "ui/gfx/platform_font.h"
namespace gfx {
namespace win {
namespace {
class SystemFonts {
const gfx::Font& GetFont(SystemFont system_font) {
if (!IsInitialized())
auto it = system_fonts_.find(system_font);
DCHECK(it != system_fonts_.end())
<< "System font #" << static_cast<int>(system_font) << " not found!";
return it->second;
static SystemFonts* Instance() {
static base::NoDestructor<SystemFonts> instance;
return instance.get();
void ResetForTesting() {
SystemFonts::is_initialized_ = false;
SystemFonts::adjust_font_callback_ = nullptr;
SystemFonts::get_minimum_font_size_callback_ = nullptr;
static int AdjustFontSize(int lf_height, int size_delta) {
// Extract out the sign of |lf_height| - we'll add it back later.
const int lf_sign = lf_height < 0 ? -1 : 1;
lf_height = std::abs(lf_height);
// Apply the size adjustment.
lf_height += size_delta;
// Make sure |lf_height| is not smaller than allowed min allowed font size.
int min_font_size = 0;
if (get_minimum_font_size_callback_) {
min_font_size = get_minimum_font_size_callback_();
DCHECK_GE(min_font_size, 0);
lf_height = std::max(min_font_size, lf_height);
// Add back the sign.
return lf_sign * lf_height;
static void AdjustLOGFONT(const FontAdjustment& font_adjustment,
LOGFONT* logfont) {
DCHECK_GT(font_adjustment.font_scale, 0.0);
LONG new_height =
LONG{std::round(logfont->lfHeight * font_adjustment.font_scale)};
if (logfont->lfHeight && !new_height)
new_height = logfont->lfHeight > 0 ? 1 : -1;
logfont->lfHeight = new_height;
if (!font_adjustment.font_family_override.empty()) {
auto result = wcscpy_s(logfont->lfFaceName,
DCHECK_EQ(0, result) << "Font name "
<< font_adjustment.font_family_override
<< " cannot be copied into LOGFONT structure.";
static Font GetFontFromLOGFONT(const LOGFONT& logfont) {
// Finds a matching font by triggering font mapping. The font mapper finds
// the closest physical font for a given logical font.
base::win::ScopedHFONT font(::CreateFontIndirect(&logfont));
base::win::ScopedGetDC screen_dc(NULL);
base::win::ScopedSelectObject scoped_font(screen_dc, font.get());
DCHECK(font.get()) << "Font for '"
<< base::SysWideToUTF8(logfont.lfFaceName)
<< "' has an invalid handle.";
// Retrieve the name and height of the mapped font (physical font).
LOGFONT mapped_font_info;
GetObject(font.get(), sizeof(mapped_font_info), &mapped_font_info);
std::string font_name = base::SysWideToUTF8(mapped_font_info.lfFaceName);
TEXTMETRIC mapped_font_metrics;
GetTextMetrics(screen_dc, &mapped_font_metrics);
const int font_size =
std::max<int>(1, mapped_font_metrics.tmHeight -
Font system_font =
Font(PlatformFont::CreateFromNameAndSize(font_name, font_size));
// System fonts may have different styles when they are manually changed by
// the users (see
Font::FontStyle style = logfont.lfItalic == 0 ? Font::FontStyle::NORMAL
: Font::FontStyle::ITALIC;
Font::Weight weight = logfont.lfWeight == 0
? Font::Weight::NORMAL
: static_cast<Font::Weight>(logfont.lfWeight);
if (style != Font::FontStyle::NORMAL || weight != Font::Weight::NORMAL)
system_font = system_font.Derive(0, style, weight);
return system_font;
static void SetGetMinimumFontSizeCallback(
GetMinimumFontSizeCallback callback) {
get_minimum_font_size_callback_ = callback;
static void SetAdjustFontCallback(AdjustFontCallback callback) {
adjust_font_callback_ = callback;
friend base::NoDestructor<SystemFonts>;
SystemFonts() {}
void Initialize() {
TRACE_EVENT0("fonts", "gfx::SystemFonts::Initialize");
metrics.cbSize = sizeof(metrics);
const bool success = !!SystemParametersInfo(SPI_GETNONCLIENTMETRICS,
metrics.cbSize, &metrics, 0);
// NOTE(dfried): When rendering Chrome, we do all of our own font scaling
// based on a number of factors, but what Windows reports to us has some
// (but not all) of these factors baked in, and not in a way that is
// display-consistent.
// For example, if your system DPI is 192 (200%) but you connect a monitor
// with a standard DPI (100%) then even if Chrome starts on the second
// monitor, we will be told the system font is 24pt instead of 12pt.
// Conversely, if the system DPI is set to 96 (100%) but all of our monitors
// are currently at 150%, Windows will still report 12pt fonts.
// The same is true with Text Zoom (a new accessibility feature). If zoom is
// set to 150%, then Windows will report a font size of 18pt. But again, we
// already take Text Zoom into account when rendering, so we want to account
// for that.
// Our system fonts are in DIPs, so we must always take what Windows gives
// us, figure out which adjustments it's making (and undo them), make our
// own adjustments for localization (for example, we always render Hindi 25%
// larger for readability), and only then can we store (and report) the
// system fonts.
// Factor in/out scale adjustment that fall outside what we can access here.
// This includes l10n adjustments and those we have to ask UWP or other COM
// interfaces for (since we don't have dependencies on that code from this
// module, and don't want to implicitly invoke COM for testing purposes if
// we don't have to).
FontAdjustment font_adjustment;
if (adjust_font_callback_) {
// Factor out system DPI scale that Windows will include in reported font
// sizes. Note that these are (sadly) system-wide and do not reflect
// specific displays' DPI.
double system_scale = GetSystemScale();
font_adjustment.font_scale /= system_scale;
// Grab each of the fonts from the NONCLIENTMETRICS block, adjust it
// appropriately, and store it in the font table.
AddFont(SystemFont::kCaption, font_adjustment, &metrics.lfCaptionFont);
AddFont(SystemFont::kSmallCaption, font_adjustment,
AddFont(SystemFont::kMenu, font_adjustment, &metrics.lfMenuFont);
AddFont(SystemFont::kMessage, font_adjustment, &metrics.lfMessageFont);
AddFont(SystemFont::kStatus, font_adjustment, &metrics.lfStatusFont);
is_initialized_ = true;
static bool IsInitialized() { return is_initialized_; }
void AddFont(SystemFont system_font,
const FontAdjustment& font_adjustment,
LOGFONT* logfont) {
TRACE_EVENT0("fonts", "gfx::SystemFonts::AddFont");
// Make adjustments to the font as necessary.
AdjustLOGFONT(font_adjustment, logfont);
// Cap at minimum font size.
logfont->lfHeight = AdjustFontSize(logfont->lfHeight, 0);
system_fonts_.emplace(system_font, GetFontFromLOGFONT(*logfont));
// Returns the system DPI scale (standard DPI being 1.0).
// TODO(dfried): move dpi.[h|cc] somewhere in base/win so we can share this
// logic. However, note that the similar function in dpi.h is used many places
// it ought not to be.
static double GetSystemScale() {
constexpr double kDefaultDPI = 96.0;
base::win::ScopedGetDC screen_dc(nullptr);
return ::GetDeviceCaps(screen_dc, LOGPIXELSY) / kDefaultDPI;
// Use a flat map for faster lookups.
base::flat_map<SystemFont, gfx::Font> system_fonts_;
static bool is_initialized_;
// Font adjustment callback.
static AdjustFontCallback adjust_font_callback_;
// Minimum size callback.
static GetMinimumFontSizeCallback get_minimum_font_size_callback_;
// static
bool SystemFonts::is_initialized_ = false;
// static
AdjustFontCallback SystemFonts::adjust_font_callback_ = nullptr;
// static
GetMinimumFontSizeCallback SystemFonts::get_minimum_font_size_callback_ =
} // namespace
void SetGetMinimumFontSizeCallback(GetMinimumFontSizeCallback callback) {
void SetAdjustFontCallback(AdjustFontCallback callback) {
const Font& GetDefaultSystemFont() {
// The message font is the closest font for a default system font from the
// structure NONCLIENTMETRICS. The lfMessageFont field contains information
// about the logical font used to display text in message boxes.
return GetSystemFont(SystemFont::kMessage);
const Font& GetSystemFont(SystemFont system_font) {
return SystemFonts::Instance()->GetFont(system_font);
NativeFont AdjustExistingSystemFont(NativeFont existing_font,
const FontAdjustment& font_adjustment) {
LOGFONT logfont;
auto result = GetObject(existing_font, sizeof(logfont), &logfont);
// Make the necessary adjustments.
SystemFonts::AdjustLOGFONT(font_adjustment, &logfont);
// Cap at minimum font size.
logfont.lfHeight = SystemFonts::AdjustFontSize(logfont.lfHeight, 0);
// Create the Font object.
return ::CreateFontIndirect(&logfont);
int AdjustFontSize(int lf_height, int size_delta) {
return SystemFonts::AdjustFontSize(lf_height, size_delta);
void AdjustLOGFONTForTesting(const FontAdjustment& font_adjustment,
LOGFONT* logfont) {
SystemFonts::AdjustLOGFONT(font_adjustment, logfont);
// Retrieve a FONT from a LOGFONT structure.
Font GetFontFromLOGFONTForTesting(const LOGFONT& logfont) {
return SystemFonts::GetFontFromLOGFONT(logfont);
void ResetSystemFontsForTesting() {
} // namespace win
} // namespace gfx