Chrome can draw vectorized images using Skia. Vector images have the advantages of looking better at different scale factors or sizes, can be easily colorized at runtime, and reduce the chrome binary size.
.icon files to describe vector icons. This is a bespoke file format which is actually a C++ array definition. At build time, the
.icon files are composed into a .cc file which is compiled into the binary.
Vector icons can be found in various
vector_icons subdirectories throughout the code base. Use
components/vector_icons/ for generic icons shared among many directories and components, or more specific directories such as
ash/resources/vector_icons for less widely used icons.
Some of the
.icon files have multiple variants of the same icon (contained within the same file). See Why do we need multiples sizes of vector icons.
It handles only a small subset of SVG (paths, circles, etc.) and it's finicky about what it expects as the format, but with a minor amount of manual intervention beforehand, it mostly spits out usable
.icon output. It will often work better if you run the SVG through SVGO first, which is a separate project (an SVG minifier). Jake Archibald's SVGOMG is a web interface to SVGO. If any manual adjustments need to be made to the output, the SVG Path spec is a helpful reference; compare with the relevant Chromium drawing commands.
Some SVGs are already pretty minimal, like the ones at the Material Design Icon repository so they don't require much if any adjustment, but some SVG editing tools like Sketch leave a lot of random cruft so SVGOMG helps a lot. Take the output and insert into a
<path d="M0 0h16v16H0z"/>. Delete this and try again.
Once you have created an
.icon file, place it in an appropriate
vector_icon subdirectory and add the filename to the corresponding
BUILD.gn. A constant is automatically generated so that the icon can be referenced at runtime. The icon file
foo_bar.icon is mapped to the constant name of
kFooBarIcon (‘k’ + camel-cased filename + ‘Icon’), which you can use to reference that icon in code. The icon‘s name should match its identifier on the MD icons site if that’s where it came from. For example,
ic_accessibility would become
To add multiple icon definitions to a single
.icon file, place the definitions generated by Skiafy in descending order of size. Each definition after the first must start with a
Your icon may not need multiple definitions. Don't add different sizes that are exact copies of one another with a scaling multiplier applied.
A sample call site to create an icon for the
foo_bar.icon file looks something like:
gfx::CreateVectorIcon(kFooBarIcon, 32, color_utils::DeriveDefaultIconColor(text_color));
If the size argument is unspecified, the size will be taken from the smallest icon size in the
CreateVectorIcon() will use the icon definition that best matches the final pixel size required, which is the product of DIP and the device scale factor (DSF). For example, for a DIP size of 32 and DSF of 100%, a rep with
CANVAS_DIMENSIONS, 32, would be used, whereas a configuration with DSF of 150% would prefer a rep with
Chrome's native UI on desktop platforms. Currently the vector icons are in extensive use on Views platforms, where Skia is the normal drawing tool. Mac uses them sometimes, but optimizing performance is still a TODO so many places stick with raster assets. The files in
chrome/app/theme/default_*_percent/legacy are ones that have been switched to vector icons for Views but not yet for OS X. If you need to add raster assets (PNG) for mobile or OS X, please make sure to limit their inclusion to those platforms.
You can also build and run the
views_examples_with_content_exe) target and select “Vector Icons” from the dropdown menu. This loads a simple interface which allows you view a provided vector icon file at a specified size and color. Contributions to improve this interface are welcome (bug).
Yes. You can hard-code colors for specific path elements by adding a
PATH_COLOR_ARGB command to the appropriate place within the .icon file. Any path elements which are not given a hard-coded color in this manner will use the color provided to
CreateVectorIcon() at runtime.
Use a vector icon, unless the icon is extremely complex (e.g., a product logo). Also see above, “Where can I use vector icons?”
A deprecated format where different icon representations were spread across different files.
Even though these icons are vector, sometimes they may still be blurry or fuzzy drawn at different sizes. This is due to the icon not being aligned to the pixel grid and is more obvious at small sizes. In these cases, it is better to design an additional icon specifically for that size. For larger icons, the line stroke width used is often thicker (e.g. 2px for 100%, 3px for 200%), or they may include more detail omitted from smaller ones.