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# 2004 August 30
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
# May you do good and not evil.
# May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
# May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.
#
# This file implements tests to make sure SQLite does not crash or
# segfault if it sees a corrupt database file.
#
# $Id: corrupt2.test,v 1.20 2009/04/06 17:50:03 danielk1977 Exp $
set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set testprefix corrupt2
# Do not use a codec for tests in this file, as the database file is
# manipulated directly using tcl scripts (using the [hexio_write] command).
#
do_not_use_codec
# These tests deal with corrupt database files
#
database_may_be_corrupt
set presql ""
catch { set presql "$::G(perm:presql);" }
unset -nocomplain ::G(perm:presql)
# The following tests - corrupt2-1.* - create some databases corrupted in
# specific ways and ensure that SQLite detects them as corrupt.
#
do_test corrupt2-1.1 {
execsql {
PRAGMA auto_vacuum=0;
PRAGMA page_size=1024;
CREATE TABLE abc(a, b, c);
}
} {}
do_test corrupt2-1.2 {
# Corrupt the 16 byte magic string at the start of the file
forcedelete corrupt.db
forcedelete corrupt.db-journal
forcecopy test.db corrupt.db
set f [open corrupt.db RDWR]
seek $f 8 start
puts $f blah
close $f
sqlite3 db2 corrupt.db
catchsql "
$::presql
SELECT * FROM sqlite_master;
" db2
} {1 {file is not a database}}
do_test corrupt2-1.3 {
db2 close
# Corrupt the page-size (bytes 16 and 17 of page 1).
forcedelete corrupt.db
forcedelete corrupt.db-journal
forcecopy test.db corrupt.db
set f [open corrupt.db RDWR]
fconfigure $f -encoding binary
seek $f 16 start
puts -nonewline $f "\x00\xFF"
close $f
sqlite3 db2 corrupt.db
catchsql "
$::presql
SELECT * FROM sqlite_master;
" db2
} {1 {file is not a database}}
do_test corrupt2-1.4 {
db2 close
# Corrupt the free-block list on page 1.
forcedelete corrupt.db
forcedelete corrupt.db-journal
forcecopy test.db corrupt.db
set f [open corrupt.db RDWR]
fconfigure $f -encoding binary
seek $f 101 start
puts -nonewline $f "\xFF\xFF"
close $f
sqlite3 db2 corrupt.db
catchsql "
$::presql
SELECT * FROM sqlite_master;
" db2
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
do_test corrupt2-1.5 {
db2 close
# Corrupt the free-block list on page 1.
forcedelete corrupt.db
forcedelete corrupt.db-journal
forcecopy test.db corrupt.db
set f [open corrupt.db RDWR]
fconfigure $f -encoding binary
seek $f 101 start
puts -nonewline $f "\x00\xC8"
seek $f 200 start
puts -nonewline $f "\x00\x00"
puts -nonewline $f "\x10\x00"
close $f
sqlite3 db2 corrupt.db
catchsql "
$::presql
SELECT * FROM sqlite_master;
" db2
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
db2 close
# Corrupt a database by having 2 indices of the same name:
do_test corrupt2-2.1 {
forcedelete corrupt.db
forcedelete corrupt.db-journal
forcecopy test.db corrupt.db
sqlite3 db2 corrupt.db
sqlite3_db_config db2 DEFENSIVE 0
execsql "
$::presql
CREATE INDEX a1 ON abc(a);
CREATE INDEX a2 ON abc(b);
PRAGMA writable_schema = 1;
UPDATE sqlite_master
SET name = 'a3', sql = 'CREATE INDEX a3' || substr(sql, 16, 10000)
WHERE type = 'index';
PRAGMA writable_schema = 0;
" db2
db2 close
sqlite3 db2 corrupt.db
catchsql "
$::presql
SELECT * FROM sqlite_master;
" db2
} {1 {malformed database schema (a3) - index a3 already exists}}
db2 close
do_test corrupt2-3.1 {
forcedelete corrupt.db
forcedelete corrupt.db-journal
sqlite3 db2 corrupt.db
execsql "
$::presql
PRAGMA auto_vacuum = 1;
PRAGMA page_size = 1024;
CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, c);
INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(randomblob(100), randomblob(100), randomblob(100));
INSERT INTO t2 SELECT * FROM t2;
INSERT INTO t2 SELECT * FROM t2;
INSERT INTO t2 SELECT * FROM t2;
INSERT INTO t2 SELECT * FROM t2;
" db2
db2 close
# On the root page of table t2 (page 4), set one of the child page-numbers
# to 0. This corruption will be detected when SQLite attempts to update
# the pointer-map after moving the content of page 4 to page 3 as part
# of the DROP TABLE operation below.
#
set fd [open corrupt.db r+]
fconfigure $fd -encoding binary -translation binary
seek $fd [expr 1024*3 + 12]
set zCelloffset [read $fd 2]
binary scan $zCelloffset S iCelloffset
seek $fd [expr 1024*3 + $iCelloffset]
puts -nonewline $fd "\00\00\00\00"
close $fd
sqlite3 db2 corrupt.db
catchsql "
$::presql
DROP TABLE t1;
" db2
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
do_test corrupt2-4.1 {
catchsql {
SELECT * FROM t2;
} db2
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
db2 close
unset -nocomplain result
do_test corrupt2-5.1 {
forcedelete corrupt.db
forcedelete corrupt.db-journal
sqlite3 db2 corrupt.db
execsql "
$::presql
PRAGMA auto_vacuum = 0;
PRAGMA page_size = 1024;
CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, c);
INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(randomblob(100), randomblob(100), randomblob(100));
INSERT INTO t2 SELECT * FROM t2;
INSERT INTO t2 SELECT * FROM t2;
INSERT INTO t2 SELECT * FROM t2;
INSERT INTO t2 SELECT * FROM t2;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT * FROM t2;
" db2
db2 close
# This block links a page from table t2 into the t1 table structure.
#
set fd [open corrupt.db r+]
fconfigure $fd -encoding binary -translation binary
seek $fd [expr 1024 + 12]
set zCelloffset [read $fd 2]
binary scan $zCelloffset S iCelloffset
seek $fd [expr 1024 + $iCelloffset]
set zChildPage [read $fd 4]
seek $fd [expr 2*1024 + 12]
set zCelloffset [read $fd 2]
binary scan $zCelloffset S iCelloffset
seek $fd [expr 2*1024 + $iCelloffset]
puts -nonewline $fd $zChildPage
close $fd
sqlite3 db2 corrupt.db
db2 eval $::presql
db2 eval {SELECT rowid FROM t1} {
set result [db2 eval {pragma integrity_check}]
break
}
set result
} {{*** in database main ***
On tree page 2 cell 0: 2nd reference to page 10
Page 4 is never used}}
db2 close
proc corruption_test {args} {
set A(-corrupt) {}
set A(-sqlprep) {}
set A(-tclprep) {}
array set A $args
catch {db close}
forcedelete corrupt.db
forcedelete corrupt.db-journal
sqlite3 db corrupt.db
sqlite3_db_config db DEFENSIVE 0
db eval $::presql
eval $A(-tclprep)
db eval $A(-sqlprep)
db close
eval $A(-corrupt)
sqlite3 db corrupt.db
eval $A(-test)
}
ifcapable autovacuum {
# The tests within this block - corrupt2-6.* - aim to test corruption
# detection within an incremental-vacuum. When an incremental-vacuum
# step is executed, the last non-free page of the database file is
# moved into a free space in the body of the file. After doing so,
# the page reference in the parent page must be updated to refer
# to the new location. These tests test the outcome of corrupting
# that page reference before performing the incremental vacuum.
#
# The last page in the database page is the second page
# in an overflow chain.
#
corruption_test -sqlprep {
PRAGMA auto_vacuum = incremental;
PRAGMA page_size = 1024;
CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, randomblob(2500));
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, randomblob(2500));
DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 1;
} -corrupt {
hexio_write corrupt.db [expr 1024*5] 00000008
} -test {
do_test corrupt2-6.1 {
catchsql " $::presql pragma incremental_vacuum = 1 "
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
}
# The last page in the database page is a non-root b-tree page.
#
corruption_test -sqlprep {
PRAGMA auto_vacuum = incremental;
PRAGMA page_size = 1024;
CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, randomblob(2500));
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, randomblob(50));
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randomblob(50) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randomblob(50) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randomblob(50) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randomblob(50) FROM t1;
DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 1;
} -corrupt {
hexio_write corrupt.db [expr 1024*2 + 8] 00000009
} -test {
do_test corrupt2-6.2 {
catchsql " $::presql pragma incremental_vacuum = 1 "
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
}
# Set up a pointer-map entry so that the last page of the database
# file appears to be a b-tree root page. This should be detected
# as corruption.
#
corruption_test -sqlprep {
PRAGMA auto_vacuum = incremental;
PRAGMA page_size = 1024;
CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, randomblob(2500));
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, randomblob(2500));
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, randomblob(2500));
DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 1;
} -corrupt {
set nPage [expr [file size corrupt.db] / 1024]
hexio_write corrupt.db [expr 1024 + ($nPage-3)*5] 010000000
} -test {
do_test corrupt2-6.3 {
catchsql " $::presql pragma incremental_vacuum = 1 "
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
}
if {![nonzero_reserved_bytes]} {
corruption_test -sqlprep {
PRAGMA auto_vacuum = 1;
PRAGMA page_size = 1024;
CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, randomblob(2500));
DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 1;
} -corrupt {
set nAppend [expr 1024*207 - [file size corrupt.db]]
set fd [open corrupt.db r+]
seek $fd 0 end
puts -nonewline $fd [string repeat x $nAppend]
close $fd
hexio_write corrupt.db 28 00000000
} -test {
do_test corrupt2-6.4 {
catchsql "
$::presql
BEGIN EXCLUSIVE;
COMMIT;
"
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
}
}
}
set sqlprep {
PRAGMA auto_vacuum = 0;
PRAGMA page_size = 1024;
CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(b);
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, randomblob(50));
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randomblob(50) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randomblob(50) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randomblob(50) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randomblob(50) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randomblob(50) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randomblob(50) FROM t1;
}
corruption_test -sqlprep $sqlprep -corrupt {
# Set the page-flags of one of the leaf pages of the index B-Tree to
# 0x0D (interpreted by SQLite as "leaf page of a table B-Tree").
#
set fd [open corrupt.db r+]
fconfigure $fd -translation binary -encoding binary
seek $fd [expr 1024*2 + 8]
set zRightChild [read $fd 4]
binary scan $zRightChild I iRightChild
seek $fd [expr 1024*($iRightChild-1)]
puts -nonewline $fd "\x0D"
close $fd
} -test {
do_test corrupt2-7.1 {
catchsql " $::presql SELECT b FROM t1 ORDER BY b ASC "
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
}
corruption_test -sqlprep $sqlprep -corrupt {
# Mess up the page-header of one of the leaf pages of the index B-Tree.
# The corruption is detected as part of an OP_Prev opcode.
#
set fd [open corrupt.db r+]
fconfigure $fd -translation binary -encoding binary
seek $fd [expr 1024*2 + 12]
set zCellOffset [read $fd 2]
binary scan $zCellOffset S iCellOffset
seek $fd [expr 1024*2 + $iCellOffset]
set zChild [read $fd 4]
binary scan $zChild I iChild
seek $fd [expr 1024*($iChild-1)+3]
puts -nonewline $fd "\xFFFF"
close $fd
} -test {
do_test corrupt2-7.1 {
catchsql " $::presql SELECT b FROM t1 ORDER BY b DESC "
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
}
corruption_test -sqlprep $sqlprep -corrupt {
# Set the page-flags of one of the leaf pages of the table B-Tree to
# 0x0A (interpreted by SQLite as "leaf page of an index B-Tree").
#
set fd [open corrupt.db r+]
fconfigure $fd -translation binary -encoding binary
seek $fd [expr 1024*1 + 8]
set zRightChild [read $fd 4]
binary scan $zRightChild I iRightChild
seek $fd [expr 1024*($iRightChild-1)]
puts -nonewline $fd "\x0A"
close $fd
} -test {
do_test corrupt2-8.1 {
catchsql " $::presql SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE rowid=1000 "
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
}
corruption_test -sqlprep {
CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE t8(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE tE(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE t9(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE tF(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE t3(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE tA(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE tG(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE t4(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE tB(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE tH(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE t5(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE tC(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE tI(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE t6(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE tD(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE tJ(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE x1(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE x8(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE xE(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE x2(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE x9(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE xF(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE x3(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE xA(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE xG(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE x4(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE xB(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE xH(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE x5(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE xC(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE xI(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE x6(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE xD(a, b, c); CREATE TABLE xJ(a, b, c);
} -corrupt {
set fd [open corrupt.db r+]
fconfigure $fd -translation binary -encoding binary
seek $fd 108
set zRightChild [read $fd 4]
binary scan $zRightChild I iRightChild
seek $fd [expr 1024*($iRightChild-1)+3]
puts -nonewline $fd "\x00\x00"
close $fd
} -test {
do_test corrupt2-9.1 {
catchsql " $::presql SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master "
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
}
corruption_test -sqlprep {
CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, c);
PRAGMA writable_schema = 1;
UPDATE sqlite_master SET rootpage = NULL WHERE name = 't2';
} -test {
do_test corrupt2-10.1 {
catchsql " $::presql SELECT * FROM t2 "
} {1 {malformed database schema (t2)}}
do_test corrupt2-10.2 {
sqlite3_errcode db
} {SQLITE_CORRUPT}
}
corruption_test -sqlprep {
PRAGMA auto_vacuum = incremental;
CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
CREATE TABLE t2(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, randstr(100,100));
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randstr(100,100) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randstr(100,100) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randstr(100,100) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randstr(100,100) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randstr(100,100) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t2 SELECT * FROM t1;
DELETE FROM t1;
} -corrupt {
set offset [expr [file size corrupt.db] - 1024]
hexio_write corrupt.db $offset FF
hexio_write corrupt.db 24 12345678
} -test {
do_test corrupt2-11.1 {
catchsql " $::presql PRAGMA incremental_vacuum "
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
}
corruption_test -sqlprep {
PRAGMA auto_vacuum = incremental;
CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
CREATE TABLE t2(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, randstr(100,100));
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randstr(100,100) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randstr(100,100) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randstr(100,100) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randstr(100,100) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randstr(100,100) FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t2 SELECT * FROM t1;
DELETE FROM t1;
} -corrupt {
set pgno [expr [file size corrupt.db] / 1024]
hexio_write corrupt.db [expr 1024+5*($pgno-3)] 03
hexio_write corrupt.db 24 12345678
} -test {
do_test corrupt2-12.1 {
catchsql " $::presql PRAGMA incremental_vacuum "
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
}
ifcapable autovacuum {
# It is not possible for the last page in a database file to be the
# pending-byte page (AKA the locking page). This test verifies that if
# an attempt is made to commit a transaction to such an auto-vacuum
# database SQLITE_CORRUPT is returned.
#
corruption_test -tclprep {
db eval {
PRAGMA auto_vacuum = full;
PRAGMA page_size = 1024;
CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(NULL, randstr(50,50));
}
for {set ii 0} {$ii < 10} {incr ii} {
db eval " $::presql INSERT INTO t1 SELECT NULL, randstr(50,50) FROM t1 "
}
} -corrupt {
do_test corrupt2-13.1 {
file size corrupt.db
} $::sqlite_pending_byte
hexio_write corrupt.db [expr $::sqlite_pending_byte+1023] 00
hexio_write corrupt.db 28 00000000
} -test {
do_test corrupt2-13.2 {
file size corrupt.db
} [expr $::sqlite_pending_byte + 1024]
do_test corrupt2-13.3 {
catchsql { DELETE FROM t1 WHERE rowid < 30; }
} {1 {database disk image is malformed}}
}
}
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that PRAGMA integrity_check detects cases where the freelist-count
# header field is smaller than the actual number of pages on the freelist.
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 14.0 {
PRAGMA auto_vacuum = 0;
CREATE TABLE t1(x);
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(3500));
DELETE FROM t1;
}
do_execsql_test 14.1 {
PRAGMA integrity_check;
PRAGMA freelist_count;
} {ok 3}
# There are now 3 free pages. Modify the header-field so that it
# (incorrectly) says that just 2 are free.
do_test 14.2 {
db close
hexio_write test.db 36 [hexio_render_int32 2]
sqlite3 db test.db
execsql { PRAGMA freelist_count }
} {2}
do_execsql_test 14.3 {
PRAGMA integrity_check;
} {{*** in database main ***
Main freelist: size is 3 but should be 2}}
# Use 2 of the free pages on the free-list.
#
do_execsql_test 14.4 {
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(2500));
PRAGMA freelist_count;
} {0}
do_execsql_test 14.5 {
PRAGMA integrity_check;
} {{*** in database main ***
Main freelist: size is 1 but should be 0}}
finish_test
finish_test