blob: f5f8a59b8c4a3bf7e02c2737d1dcb0352a4112ff [file] [log] [blame]
// Copyright (c) 2013 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include <stdint.h>
#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include "base/base_export.h"
namespace base {
namespace debug {
// Describes a region of mapped memory and the path of the file mapped.
struct MappedMemoryRegion {
enum Permission {
READ = 1 << 0,
WRITE = 1 << 1,
EXECUTE = 1 << 2,
PRIVATE = 1 << 3, // If set, region is private, otherwise it is shared.
// The address range [start,end) of mapped memory.
uintptr_t start;
uintptr_t end;
// Byte offset into |path| of the range mapped into memory.
unsigned long long offset;
// Image base, if this mapping corresponds to an ELF image.
uintptr_t base;
// Bitmask of read/write/execute/private/shared permissions.
uint8_t permissions;
// Name of the file mapped into memory.
// NOTE: path names aren't guaranteed to point at valid files. For example,
// "[heap]" and "[stack]" are used to represent the location of the process'
// heap and stack, respectively.
std::string path;
// Reads the data from /proc/self/maps and stores the result in |proc_maps|.
// Returns true if successful, false otherwise.
// There is *NO* guarantee that the resulting contents will be free of
// duplicates or even contain valid entries by time the method returns.
// Did you know it's next-to-impossible to atomically read the whole contents
// of /proc/<pid>/maps? You would think that if we passed in a large-enough
// buffer to read() that It Should Just Work(tm), but sadly that's not the case.
// Linux's procfs uses seq_file [1] for handling iteration, text formatting,
// and dealing with resulting data that is larger than the size of a page. That
// last bit is especially important because it means that seq_file will never
// return more than the size of a page in a single call to read().
// Unfortunately for a program like Chrome the size of /proc/self/maps is
// larger than the size of page so we're forced to call read() multiple times.
// If the virtual memory table changed in any way between calls to read() (e.g.,
// a different thread calling mprotect()), it can make seq_file generate
// duplicate entries or skip entries.
// Even if seq_file was changed to keep flushing the contents of its page-sized
// buffer to the usermode buffer inside a single call to read(), it has to
// release its lock on the virtual memory table to handle page faults while
// copying data to usermode. This puts us in the same situation where the table
// can change while we're copying data.
// Alternatives such as fork()-and-suspend-the-parent-while-child-reads were
// attempted, but they present more subtle problems than it's worth. Depending
// on your use case your best bet may be to read /proc/<pid>/maps prior to
// starting other threads.
// [1]
BASE_EXPORT bool ReadProcMaps(std::string* proc_maps);
// Parses /proc/<pid>/maps input data and stores in |regions|. Returns true
// and updates |regions| if and only if all of |input| was successfully parsed.
BASE_EXPORT bool ParseProcMaps(const std::string& input,
std::vector<MappedMemoryRegion>* regions);
} // namespace debug
} // namespace base