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// Copyright 2014 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
// This file contains types/constants and functions specific to message pipes.
// Note: This header should be compilable as C.
#include <stdint.h>
#include "mojo/public/c/system/macros.h"
#include "mojo/public/c/system/system_export.h"
#include "mojo/public/c/system/types.h"
// |MojoMessageHandle|: Used to refer to message objects created by
// |MojoAllocMessage()| and transferred by |MojoWriteMessageNew()| or
// |MojoReadMessageNew()|.
typedef uintptr_t MojoMessageHandle;
#ifdef __cplusplus
const MojoMessageHandle MOJO_MESSAGE_HANDLE_INVALID = 0;
#define MOJO_MESSAGE_HANDLE_INVALID ((MojoMessageHandle)0)
// |MojoCreateMessagePipeOptions|: Used to specify creation parameters for a
// message pipe to |MojoCreateMessagePipe()|.
// |uint32_t struct_size|: Set to the size of the
// |MojoCreateMessagePipeOptions| struct. (Used to allow for future
// extensions.)
// |MojoCreateMessagePipeOptionsFlags flags|: Used to specify different modes
// of operation.
typedef uint32_t MojoCreateMessagePipeOptionsFlags;
#ifdef __cplusplus
const MojoCreateMessagePipeOptionsFlags
MOJO_STATIC_ASSERT(MOJO_ALIGNOF(int64_t) == 8, "int64_t has weird alignment");
struct MOJO_ALIGNAS(8) MojoCreateMessagePipeOptions {
uint32_t struct_size;
MojoCreateMessagePipeOptionsFlags flags;
MOJO_STATIC_ASSERT(sizeof(MojoCreateMessagePipeOptions) == 8,
"MojoCreateMessagePipeOptions has wrong size");
// |MojoWriteMessageFlags|: Used to specify different modes to
// |MojoWriteMessage()|.
// |MOJO_WRITE_MESSAGE_FLAG_NONE| - No flags; default mode.
typedef uint32_t MojoWriteMessageFlags;
#ifdef __cplusplus
const MojoWriteMessageFlags MOJO_WRITE_MESSAGE_FLAG_NONE = 0;
#define MOJO_WRITE_MESSAGE_FLAG_NONE ((MojoWriteMessageFlags)0)
// |MojoReadMessageFlags|: Used to specify different modes to
// |MojoReadMessage()|.
// |MOJO_READ_MESSAGE_FLAG_NONE| - No flags; default mode.
// |MOJO_READ_MESSAGE_FLAG_MAY_DISCARD| - If the message is unable to be read
// for whatever reason (e.g., the caller-supplied buffer is too small),
// discard the message (i.e., simply dequeue it).
typedef uint32_t MojoReadMessageFlags;
#ifdef __cplusplus
const MojoReadMessageFlags MOJO_READ_MESSAGE_FLAG_NONE = 0;
const MojoReadMessageFlags MOJO_READ_MESSAGE_FLAG_MAY_DISCARD = 1 << 0;
#define MOJO_READ_MESSAGE_FLAG_NONE ((MojoReadMessageFlags)0)
#define MOJO_READ_MESSAGE_FLAG_MAY_DISCARD ((MojoReadMessageFlags)1 << 0)
// |MojoAllocMessageFlags|: Used to specify different options for
// |MojoAllocMessage()|.
// |MOJO_ALLOC_MESSAGE_FLAG_NONE| - No flags; default mode.
typedef uint32_t MojoAllocMessageFlags;
#ifdef __cplusplus
const MojoAllocMessageFlags MOJO_ALLOC_MESSAGE_FLAG_NONE = 0;
#define MOJO_ALLOC_MESSAGE_FLAG_NONE ((MojoAllocMessageFlags)0)
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
// Note: See the comment in functions.h about the meaning of the "optional"
// label for pointer parameters.
// Creates a message pipe, which is a bidirectional communication channel for
// framed data (i.e., messages). Messages can contain plain data and/or Mojo
// handles.
// |options| may be set to null for a message pipe with the default options.
// On success, |*message_pipe_handle0| and |*message_pipe_handle1| are set to
// handles for the two endpoints (ports) for the message pipe.
// Returns:
// |MOJO_RESULT_OK| on success.
// |MOJO_RESULT_INVALID_ARGUMENT| if some argument was invalid (e.g.,
// |*options| is invalid).
// |MOJO_RESULT_RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED| if a process/system/quota/etc. limit has
// been reached.
MOJO_SYSTEM_EXPORT MojoResult MojoCreateMessagePipe(
const struct MojoCreateMessagePipeOptions* options, // Optional.
MojoHandle* message_pipe_handle0, // Out.
MojoHandle* message_pipe_handle1); // Out.
// Writes a message to the message pipe endpoint given by |message_pipe_handle|,
// with message data specified by |bytes| of size |num_bytes| and attached
// handles specified by |handles| of count |num_handles|, and options specified
// by |flags|. If there is no message data, |bytes| may be null, in which case
// |num_bytes| must be zero. If there are no attached handles, |handles| may be
// null, in which case |num_handles| must be zero.
// If handles are attached, the handles will no longer be valid (on success the
// receiver will receive equivalent, but logically different, handles). Handles
// to be sent should not be in simultaneous use (e.g., on another thread).
// Returns:
// |MOJO_RESULT_OK| on success (i.e., the message was enqueued).
// |MOJO_RESULT_INVALID_ARGUMENT| if some argument was invalid (e.g., if
// |message_pipe_handle| is not a valid handle, or some of the
// requirements above are not satisfied).
// |MOJO_RESULT_RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED| if some system limit has been reached, or
// the number of handles to send is too large (TODO(vtl): reconsider the
// latter case).
// |MOJO_RESULT_FAILED_PRECONDITION| if the other endpoint has been closed.
// Note that closing an endpoint is not necessarily synchronous (e.g.,
// across processes), so this function may succeed even if the other
// endpoint has been closed (in which case the message would be dropped).
// |MOJO_RESULT_UNIMPLEMENTED| if an unsupported flag was set in |*options|.
// |MOJO_RESULT_BUSY| if some handle to be sent is currently in use.
// TODO(vtl): Add a notion of capacity for message pipes, and return
// |MOJO_RESULT_SHOULD_WAIT| if the message pipe is full.
MojoWriteMessage(MojoHandle message_pipe_handle,
const void* bytes, // Optional.
uint32_t num_bytes,
const MojoHandle* handles, // Optional.
uint32_t num_handles,
MojoWriteMessageFlags flags);
// Writes a message to the message pipe endpoint given by |message_pipe_handle|.
// |message|: A message object allocated by |MojoAllocMessage()|. Ownership of
// the message is passed into Mojo.
// Returns results corresponding to |MojoWriteMessage()| above.
MojoWriteMessageNew(MojoHandle message_pipe_handle,
MojoMessageHandle message,
// Reads the next message from a message pipe, or indicates the size of the
// message if it cannot fit in the provided buffers. The message will be read
// in its entirety or not at all; if it is not, it will remain enqueued unless
// the |MOJO_READ_MESSAGE_FLAG_MAY_DISCARD| flag was passed. At most one
// message will be consumed from the queue, and the return value will indicate
// whether a message was successfully read.
// |num_bytes| and |num_handles| are optional in/out parameters that on input
// must be set to the sizes of the |bytes| and |handles| arrays, and on output
// will be set to the actual number of bytes or handles contained in the
// message (even if the message was not retrieved due to being too large).
// Either |num_bytes| or |num_handles| may be null if the message is not
// expected to contain the corresponding type of data, but such a call would
// fail with |MOJO_RESULT_RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED| if the message in fact did
// contain that type of data.
// |bytes| and |handles| will receive the contents of the message, if it is
// retrieved. Either or both may be null, in which case the corresponding size
// parameter(s) must also be set to zero or passed as null.
// Returns:
// |MOJO_RESULT_OK| on success (i.e., a message was actually read).
// |MOJO_RESULT_INVALID_ARGUMENT| if some argument was invalid.
// |MOJO_RESULT_FAILED_PRECONDITION| if the other endpoint has been closed.
// |MOJO_RESULT_RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED| if the message was too large to fit in the
// provided buffer(s). The message will have been left in the queue or
// discarded, depending on flags.
// |MOJO_RESULT_SHOULD_WAIT| if no message was available to be read.
// TODO(vtl): Reconsider the |MOJO_RESULT_RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED| error code; should
// distinguish this from the hitting-system-limits case.
MojoReadMessage(MojoHandle message_pipe_handle,
void* bytes, // Optional out.
uint32_t* num_bytes, // Optional in/out.
MojoHandle* handles, // Optional out.
uint32_t* num_handles, // Optional in/out.
MojoReadMessageFlags flags);
// Reads the next message from a message pipe and returns a message containing
// the message bytes. The returned message must eventually be freed using
// |MojoFreeMessage()|.
// Message payload can be accessed using |MojoGetMessageBuffer()|.
// |message_pipe_handle|, |num_bytes|, |handles|, |num_handles|, and |flags|
// correspond to their use in |MojoReadMessage()| above, with the
// exception that |num_bytes| is only an output argument.
// |message| must be non-null unless |MOJO_READ_MESSAGE_FLAG_MAY_DISCARD| is
// set in flags.
// Return values correspond to the return values for |MojoReadMessage()| above.
// On success (MOJO_RESULT_OK), |*message| will contain a handle to a message
// object which may be passed to |MojoGetMessageBuffer()|. The caller owns the
// message object and is responsible for freeing it via |MojoFreeMessage()|.
MojoReadMessageNew(MojoHandle message_pipe_handle,
MojoMessageHandle* message, // Optional out.
uint32_t* num_bytes, // Optional out.
MojoHandle* handles, // Optional out.
uint32_t* num_handles, // Optional in/out.
MojoReadMessageFlags flags);
// Fuses two message pipe endpoints together. Given two pipes:
// A <-> B and C <-> D
// Fusing handle B and handle C results in a single pipe:
// A <-> D
// Handles B and C are ALWAYS closed. Any unread messages at C will eventually
// be delivered to A, and any unread messages at B will eventually be delivered
// to D.
// NOTE: A handle may only be fused if it is an open message pipe handle which
// has not been written to.
// Returns:
// |MOJO_RESULT_OK| on success.
// |MOJO_RESULT_FAILED_PRECONDITION| if both handles were valid message pipe
// handles but could not be merged (e.g. one of them has been written to).
// |MOJO_INVALID_ARGUMENT| if either handle is not a fusable message pipe
// handle.
MojoFuseMessagePipes(MojoHandle handle0, MojoHandle handle1);
// Allocates a new message whose ownership may be passed to
// |MojoWriteMessageNew()|. Use |MojoGetMessageBuffer()| to retrieve the address
// of the mutable message payload.
// |num_bytes|: The size of the message payload in bytes.
// |handles|: An array of handles to transfer in the message. This takes
// ownership of and invalidates all contained handles. Must be null if and
// only if |num_handles| is 0.
// |num_handles|: The number of handles contained in |handles|.
// |flags|: Must be |MOJO_CREATE_MESSAGE_FLAG_NONE|.
// |message|: The address of a handle to be filled with the allocated message's
// handle. Must be non-null.
// Returns:
// |MOJO_RESULT_OK| if the message was successfully allocated. In this case
// |*message| will be populated with a handle to an allocated message
// with a buffer large enough to hold |num_bytes| contiguous bytes.
// |MOJO_RESULT_INVALID_ARGUMENT| if one or more handles in |handles| was
// invalid, or |handles| was null with a non-zero |num_handles|.
// |MOJO_RESULT_RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED| if allocation failed because either
// |num_bytes| or |num_handles| exceeds an implementation-defined maximum.
// |MOJO_RESULT_BUSY| if one or more handles in |handles| cannot be sent at
// the time of this call.
// Only upon successful message allocation will all handles in |handles| be
// transferred into the message and invalidated.
MojoAllocMessage(uint32_t num_bytes,
const MojoHandle* handles,
uint32_t num_handles,
MojoAllocMessageFlags flags,
MojoMessageHandle* message); // Out
// Frees a message allocated by |MojoAllocMessage()| or |MojoReadMessageNew()|.
// |message|: The message to free. This must correspond to a message previously
// allocated by |MojoAllocMessage()| or |MojoReadMessageNew()|. Note that if
// the message has already been passed to |MojoWriteMessageNew()| it should
// NOT also be freed with this API.
// Returns:
// |MOJO_RESULT_OK| if |message| was valid and has been freed.
// |MOJO_RESULT_INVALID_ARGUMENT| if |message| was not a valid message.
MOJO_SYSTEM_EXPORT MojoResult MojoFreeMessage(MojoMessageHandle message);
// Retrieves the address of mutable message bytes for a message allocated by
// either |MojoAllocMessage()| or |MojoReadMessageNew()|.
// Returns:
// |MOJO_RESULT_OK| if |message| is a valid message object. |*buffer| will
// be updated to point to mutable message bytes.
// |MOJO_RESULT_INVALID_ARGUMENT| if |message| is not a valid message object.
// NOTE: A returned buffer address is always guaranteed to be 8-byte aligned.
MOJO_SYSTEM_EXPORT MojoResult MojoGetMessageBuffer(MojoMessageHandle message,
void** buffer); // Out
// Notifies the system that a bad message was received on a message pipe,
// according to whatever criteria the caller chooses. This ultimately tries to
// notify the embedder about the bad message, and the embedder may enforce some
// policy for dealing with the source of the message (e.g. close the pipe,
// terminate, a process, etc.) The embedder may not be notified if the calling
// process has lost its connection to the source process.
// |message|: The message to report as bad. This must have come from a call to
// |MojoReadMessageNew()|.
// |error|: An error string which may provide the embedder with context when
// notified of this error.
// |error_num_bytes|: The length of |error| in bytes.
// Returns:
// |MOJO_RESULT_OK| if successful.
// |MOJO_RESULT_INVALID_ARGUMENT| if |message| is not a valid message.
MojoNotifyBadMessage(MojoMessageHandle message,
const char* error,
size_t error_num_bytes);
#ifdef __cplusplus
} // extern "C"