blob: 134edec7a54337e1c3d48c813164f702b06f802e [file] [log] [blame]
// Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include "content/public/test/test_launcher.h"
#include <stddef.h>
#include <map>
#include <memory>
#include <set>
#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include "base/bind_helpers.h"
#include "base/command_line.h"
#include "base/containers/hash_tables.h"
#include "base/environment.h"
#include "base/files/file_util.h"
#include "base/files/scoped_temp_dir.h"
#include "base/logging.h"
#include "base/macros.h"
#include "base/memory/linked_ptr.h"
#include "base/message_loop/message_loop.h"
#include "base/stl_util.h"
#include "base/strings/string_number_conversions.h"
#include "base/strings/string_util.h"
#include "base/strings/utf_string_conversions.h"
#include "base/test/launcher/test_launcher.h"
#include "base/test/test_suite.h"
#include "base/test/test_switches.h"
#include "base/test/test_timeouts.h"
#include "base/time/time.h"
#include "build/build_config.h"
#include "content/public/app/content_main.h"
#include "content/public/app/content_main_delegate.h"
#include "content/public/common/content_switches.h"
#include "content/public/common/sandbox_init.h"
#include "content/public/test/browser_test.h"
#include "net/base/escape.h"
#include "testing/gtest/include/gtest/gtest.h"
#if defined(OS_WIN)
#include "base/base_switches.h"
#include "content/common/sandbox_win.h"
#include "content/public/app/sandbox_helper_win.h"
#include "sandbox/win/src/sandbox_factory.h"
#include "sandbox/win/src/sandbox_types.h"
#elif defined(OS_MACOSX)
#include "base/mac/scoped_nsautorelease_pool.h"
namespace content {
namespace {
// Tests with this prefix run before the same test without it, and use the same
// profile. i.e. Foo.PRE_Test runs and then Foo.Test. This allows writing tests
// that span browser restarts.
const char kPreTestPrefix[] = "PRE_";
// Manual tests only run when --run-manual is specified. This allows writing
// tests that don't run automatically but are still in the same test binary.
// This is useful so that a team that wants to run a few tests doesn't have to
// add a new binary that must be compiled on all builds.
const char kManualTestPrefix[] = "MANUAL_";
TestLauncherDelegate* g_launcher_delegate;
ContentMainParams* g_params;
std::string RemoveAnyPrePrefixes(const std::string& test_name) {
std::string result(test_name);
&result, 0, kPreTestPrefix, base::StringPiece());
return result;
void PrintUsage() {
"Runs tests using the gtest framework, each batch of tests being\n"
"run in their own process. Supported command-line flags:\n"
" Common flags:\n"
" --gtest_filter=...\n"
" Runs a subset of tests (see --gtest_help for more info).\n"
" --help\n"
" Shows this message.\n"
" --gtest_help\n"
" Shows the gtest help message.\n"
" --test-launcher-jobs=N\n"
" Sets the number of parallel test jobs to N.\n"
" --single_process\n"
" Runs the tests and the launcher in the same process. Useful\n"
" for debugging a specific test in a debugger.\n"
" Other flags:\n"
" --test-launcher-retry-limit=N\n"
" Sets the limit of test retries on failures to N.\n"
" --test-launcher-summary-output=PATH\n"
" Saves a JSON machine-readable summary of the run.\n"
" --test-launcher-print-test-stdio=auto|always|never\n"
" Controls when full test output is printed.\n"
" auto means to print it when the test failed.\n"
" --test-launcher-total-shards=N\n"
" Sets the total number of shards to N.\n"
" --test-launcher-shard-index=N\n"
" Sets the shard index to run to N (from 0 to TOTAL - 1).\n");
void CallChildProcessLaunched(TestState* test_state,
base::ProcessHandle handle,
base::ProcessId pid) {
if (test_state)
test_state->ChildProcessLaunched(handle, pid);
// Implementation of base::TestLauncherDelegate. This is also a test launcher,
// wrapping a lower-level test launcher with content-specific code.
class WrapperTestLauncherDelegate : public base::TestLauncherDelegate {
explicit WrapperTestLauncherDelegate(
content::TestLauncherDelegate* launcher_delegate)
: launcher_delegate_(launcher_delegate) {
// base::TestLauncherDelegate:
bool GetTests(std::vector<base::TestIdentifier>* output) override;
bool ShouldRunTest(const std::string& test_case_name,
const std::string& test_name) override;
size_t RunTests(base::TestLauncher* test_launcher,
const std::vector<std::string>& test_names) override;
size_t RetryTests(base::TestLauncher* test_launcher,
const std::vector<std::string>& test_names) override;
void DoRunTests(base::TestLauncher* test_launcher,
const std::vector<std::string>& test_names);
// Launches test named |test_name| using parallel launcher,
// given result of PRE_ test |pre_test_result|.
void RunDependentTest(base::TestLauncher* test_launcher,
const std::string test_name,
const base::TestResult& pre_test_result);
// Callback to receive result of a test.
void GTestCallback(base::TestLauncher* test_launcher,
const std::vector<std::string>& test_names,
const std::string& test_name,
std::unique_ptr<TestState> test_state,
int exit_code,
const base::TimeDelta& elapsed_time,
bool was_timeout,
const std::string& output);
content::TestLauncherDelegate* launcher_delegate_;
// Store dependent test name (map is indexed by full test name).
typedef std::map<std::string, std::string> DependentTestMap;
DependentTestMap dependent_test_map_;
DependentTestMap reverse_dependent_test_map_;
// Store unique data directory prefix for test names (without PRE_ prefixes).
// PRE_ tests and tests that depend on them must share the same
// data directory. Using test name as directory name leads to too long
// names (exceeding UNIX_PATH_MAX, which creates a problem with
// process_singleton_linux). Create a randomly-named temporary directory
// and keep track of the names so that PRE_ tests can still re-use them.
typedef std::map<std::string, base::FilePath> UserDataDirMap;
UserDataDirMap user_data_dir_map_;
// Store names of all seen tests to properly handle PRE_ tests.
std::set<std::string> all_test_names_;
// Temporary directory for user data directories.
base::ScopedTempDir temp_dir_;
bool WrapperTestLauncherDelegate::GetTests(
std::vector<base::TestIdentifier>* output) {
*output = base::GetCompiledInTests();
return true;
bool WrapperTestLauncherDelegate::ShouldRunTest(
const std::string& test_case_name,
const std::string& test_name) {
all_test_names_.insert(test_case_name + "." + test_name);
if (base::StartsWith(test_name, kManualTestPrefix,
base::CompareCase::SENSITIVE) &&
!base::CommandLine::ForCurrentProcess()->HasSwitch(kRunManualTestsFlag)) {
return false;
if (base::StartsWith(test_name, kPreTestPrefix,
base::CompareCase::SENSITIVE)) {
// We will actually run PRE_ tests, but to ensure they run on the same shard
// as dependent tests, handle all these details internally.
return false;
return true;
std::string GetPreTestName(const std::string& full_name) {
size_t dot_pos = full_name.find('.');
CHECK_NE(dot_pos, std::string::npos);
std::string test_case_name = full_name.substr(0, dot_pos);
std::string test_name = full_name.substr(dot_pos + 1);
return test_case_name + "." + kPreTestPrefix + test_name;
size_t WrapperTestLauncherDelegate::RunTests(
base::TestLauncher* test_launcher,
const std::vector<std::string>& test_names) {
// Number of additional tests to run because of dependencies.
size_t additional_tests_to_run_count = 0;
// Compute dependencies of tests to be run.
for (size_t i = 0; i < test_names.size(); i++) {
std::string full_name(test_names[i]);
std::string pre_test_name(GetPreTestName(full_name));
while (base::ContainsKey(all_test_names_, pre_test_name)) {
DCHECK(!base::ContainsKey(dependent_test_map_, pre_test_name));
dependent_test_map_[pre_test_name] = full_name;
DCHECK(!base::ContainsKey(reverse_dependent_test_map_, full_name));
reverse_dependent_test_map_[full_name] = pre_test_name;
full_name = pre_test_name;
pre_test_name = GetPreTestName(pre_test_name);
for (size_t i = 0; i < test_names.size(); i++) {
std::string full_name(test_names[i]);
// Make sure no PRE_ tests were requested explicitly.
DCHECK_EQ(full_name, RemoveAnyPrePrefixes(full_name));
if (!base::ContainsKey(user_data_dir_map_, full_name)) {
base::FilePath temp_dir;
FILE_PATH_LITERAL("d"), &temp_dir));
user_data_dir_map_[full_name] = temp_dir;
// If the test has any dependencies, get to the root and start with that.
while (base::ContainsKey(reverse_dependent_test_map_, full_name))
full_name = GetPreTestName(full_name);
std::vector<std::string> test_list;
DoRunTests(test_launcher, test_list);
return test_names.size() + additional_tests_to_run_count;
size_t WrapperTestLauncherDelegate::RetryTests(
base::TestLauncher* test_launcher,
const std::vector<std::string>& test_names) {
// List of tests we can kick off right now, depending on no other tests.
std::vector<std::string> tests_to_run_now;
// We retry at least the tests requested to retry.
std::set<std::string> test_names_set(test_names.begin(), test_names.end());
// In the face of PRE_ tests, we need to retry the entire chain of tests,
// from the very first one.
for (size_t i = 0; i < test_names.size(); i++) {
std::string test_name(test_names[i]);
while (base::ContainsKey(reverse_dependent_test_map_, test_name)) {
test_name = reverse_dependent_test_map_[test_name];
// Discard user data directories from any previous runs. Start with
// fresh state.
for (UserDataDirMap::const_iterator i = user_data_dir_map_.begin();
i != user_data_dir_map_.end();
++i) {
// Delete temporary directories now to avoid using too much space in /tmp.
if (!base::DeleteFile(i->second, true)) {
LOG(WARNING) << "Failed to delete " << i->second.value();
for (std::set<std::string>::const_iterator i = test_names_set.begin();
i != test_names_set.end();
++i) {
std::string full_name(*i);
// Make sure PRE_ tests and tests that depend on them share the same
// data directory - based it on the test name without prefixes.
std::string test_name_no_pre(RemoveAnyPrePrefixes(full_name));
if (!base::ContainsKey(user_data_dir_map_, test_name_no_pre)) {
base::FilePath temp_dir;
FILE_PATH_LITERAL("d"), &temp_dir));
user_data_dir_map_[test_name_no_pre] = temp_dir;
size_t dot_pos = full_name.find('.');
CHECK_NE(dot_pos, std::string::npos);
std::string test_case_name = full_name.substr(0, dot_pos);
std::string test_name = full_name.substr(dot_pos + 1);
std::string pre_test_name(
test_case_name + "." + kPreTestPrefix + test_name);
if (!base::ContainsKey(test_names_set, pre_test_name))
DoRunTests(test_launcher, tests_to_run_now);
return test_names_set.size();
void WrapperTestLauncherDelegate::DoRunTests(
base::TestLauncher* test_launcher,
const std::vector<std::string>& test_names) {
if (test_names.empty())
std::string test_name(test_names.front());
std::vector<std::string> test_names_copy(
test_names.begin() + 1, test_names.end());
std::string test_name_no_pre(RemoveAnyPrePrefixes(test_name));
base::CommandLine cmd_line(*base::CommandLine::ForCurrentProcess());
base::TestLauncher::LaunchOptions test_launch_options;
test_launch_options.flags = base::TestLauncher::USE_JOB_OBJECTS |
std::unique_ptr<TestState> test_state_ptr =
launcher_delegate_->PreRunTest(&cmd_line, &test_launch_options);
&cmd_line, user_data_dir_map_[test_name_no_pre]));
base::CommandLine new_cmd_line(cmd_line.GetProgram());
base::CommandLine::SwitchMap switches = cmd_line.GetSwitches();
// Strip out gtest_output flag because otherwise we would overwrite results
// of the other tests.
for (base::CommandLine::SwitchMap::const_iterator iter = switches.begin();
iter != switches.end(); ++iter) {
new_cmd_line.AppendSwitchNative(iter->first, iter->second);
// Always enable disabled tests. This method is not called with disabled
// tests unless this flag was specified to the browser test executable.
new_cmd_line.AppendSwitchASCII("gtest_filter", test_name);
char* browser_wrapper = getenv("BROWSER_WRAPPER");
TestState* test_state = test_state_ptr.get();
new_cmd_line, browser_wrapper ? browser_wrapper : std::string(),
TestTimeouts::action_max_timeout(), test_launch_options,
base::Unretained(this), test_launcher, test_names_copy,
test_name, base::Passed(&test_state_ptr)),
base::Bind(&CallChildProcessLaunched, base::Unretained(test_state)));
void WrapperTestLauncherDelegate::RunDependentTest(
base::TestLauncher* test_launcher,
const std::string test_name,
const base::TestResult& pre_test_result) {
if (pre_test_result.status == base::TestResult::TEST_SUCCESS) {
// Only run the dependent test if PRE_ test succeeded.
std::vector<std::string> test_list;
DoRunTests(test_launcher, test_list);
} else {
// Otherwise skip the test.
base::TestResult test_result;
test_result.full_name = test_name;
test_result.status = base::TestResult::TEST_SKIPPED;
if (base::ContainsKey(dependent_test_map_, test_name)) {
void WrapperTestLauncherDelegate::GTestCallback(
base::TestLauncher* test_launcher,
const std::vector<std::string>& test_names,
const std::string& test_name,
std::unique_ptr<TestState> test_state,
int exit_code,
const base::TimeDelta& elapsed_time,
bool was_timeout,
const std::string& output) {
base::TestResult result;
result.full_name = test_name;
// TODO(phajdan.jr): Recognize crashes.
if (exit_code == 0)
result.status = base::TestResult::TEST_SUCCESS;
else if (was_timeout)
result.status = base::TestResult::TEST_TIMEOUT;
result.status = base::TestResult::TEST_FAILURE;
result.elapsed_time = elapsed_time;
result.output_snippet = GetTestOutputSnippet(result, output);
if (base::ContainsKey(dependent_test_map_, test_name)) {
RunDependentTest(test_launcher, dependent_test_map_[test_name], result);
} else {
// No other tests depend on this, we can delete the temporary directory now.
// Do so to avoid too many temporary files using lots of disk space.
std::string test_name_no_pre(RemoveAnyPrePrefixes(test_name));
if (base::ContainsKey(user_data_dir_map_, test_name_no_pre)) {
if (!base::DeleteFile(user_data_dir_map_[test_name_no_pre], true)) {
LOG(WARNING) << "Failed to delete "
<< user_data_dir_map_[test_name_no_pre].value();
DoRunTests(test_launcher, test_names);
} // namespace
const char kHelpFlag[] = "help";
const char kLaunchAsBrowser[] = "as-browser";
// See kManualTestPrefix above.
const char kRunManualTestsFlag[] = "run-manual";
const char kSingleProcessTestsFlag[] = "single_process";
std::unique_ptr<TestState> TestLauncherDelegate::PreRunTest(
base::CommandLine* command_line,
base::TestLauncher::LaunchOptions* test_launch_options) {
return nullptr;
void TestLauncherDelegate::OnDoneRunningTests() {}
TestLauncherDelegate::~TestLauncherDelegate() {
int LaunchTests(TestLauncherDelegate* launcher_delegate,
int default_jobs,
int argc,
char** argv) {
g_launcher_delegate = launcher_delegate;
base::CommandLine::Init(argc, argv);
const base::CommandLine* command_line =
if (command_line->HasSwitch(kHelpFlag)) {
return 0;
std::unique_ptr<ContentMainDelegate> chrome_main_delegate(
ContentMainParams params(chrome_main_delegate.get());
#if defined(OS_WIN)
sandbox::SandboxInterfaceInfo sandbox_info = {0};
params.instance = GetModuleHandle(NULL);
params.sandbox_info = &sandbox_info;
#elif !defined(OS_ANDROID)
params.argc = argc;
params.argv = const_cast<const char**>(argv);
#endif // defined(OS_WIN)
if (command_line->HasSwitch(kSingleProcessTestsFlag) ||
(command_line->HasSwitch(switches::kSingleProcess) &&
command_line->HasSwitch(base::kGTestFilterFlag)) ||
command_line->HasSwitch(base::kGTestListTestsFlag) ||
command_line->HasSwitch(base::kGTestHelpFlag)) {
g_params = &params;
return launcher_delegate->RunTestSuite(argc, argv);
#if !defined(OS_ANDROID)
if (command_line->HasSwitch(switches::kProcessType) ||
command_line->HasSwitch(kLaunchAsBrowser)) {
return ContentMain(params);
base::AtExitManager at_exit;
testing::InitGoogleTest(&argc, argv);
"IMPORTANT DEBUGGING NOTE: each test is run inside its own process.\n"
"For debugging a test inside a debugger, use the\n"
"--gtest_filter=<your_test_name> flag along with either\n"
"--single_process (to run the test in one launcher/browser process) or\n"
"--single-process (to do the above, and also run Chrome in single-"
"process mode).\n");
base::MessageLoopForIO message_loop;
// Allow the |launcher_delegate| to modify |default_jobs|.
WrapperTestLauncherDelegate delegate(launcher_delegate);
base::TestLauncher launcher(&delegate, default_jobs);
const int result = launcher.Run() ? 0 : 1;
return result;
TestLauncherDelegate* GetCurrentTestLauncherDelegate() {
return g_launcher_delegate;
ContentMainParams* GetContentMainParams() {
return g_params;
} // namespace content