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.TH SQLITE3 1 "Mon Jan 31 11:14:00 2014"
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.B sqlite3
\- A command line interface for SQLite version 3
.B sqlite3
.RI [ options ]
.RI [ databasefile ]
.RI [ SQL ]
.B sqlite3
is a terminal-based front-end to the SQLite library that can evaluate
queries interactively and display the results in multiple formats.
.B sqlite3
can also be used within shell scripts and other applications to provide
batch processing features.
To start a
.B sqlite3
interactive session, invoke the
.B sqlite3
command and optionally provide the name of a database file. If the
database file does not exist, it will be created. If the database file
does exist, it will be opened.
For example, to create a new database file named "mydata.db", create
a table named "memos" and insert a couple of records into that table:
.B sqlite3 mydata.db
SQLite version 3.8.3
Enter ".help" for instructions
.B create table memos(text, priority INTEGER);
.B insert into memos values('deliver project description', 10);
.B insert into memos values('lunch with Christine', 100);
.B select * from memos;
deliver project description|10
lunch with Christine|100
If no database name is supplied, the ATTACH sql command can be used
to attach to existing or create new database files. ATTACH can also
be used to attach to multiple databases within the same interactive
session. This is useful for migrating data between databases,
possibly changing the schema along the way.
Optionally, a SQL statement or set of SQL statements can be supplied as
a single argument. Multiple statements should be separated by
For example:
.B sqlite3 -line mydata.db 'select * from memos where priority > 20;'
text = lunch with Christine
priority = 100
The interactive interpreter offers a set of meta-commands that can be
used to control the output format, examine the currently attached
database files, or perform administrative operations upon the
attached databases (such as rebuilding indices). Meta-commands are
always prefixed with a dot (.).
A list of available meta-commands can be viewed at any time by issuing
the '.help' command. For example:
.B .help
.cc |
.backup ?DB? FILE Backup DB (default "main") to FILE
.bail ON|OFF Stop after hitting an error. Default OFF
.databases List names and files of attached databases
.dump ?TABLE? ... Dump the database in an SQL text format
If TABLE specified, only dump tables matching
LIKE pattern TABLE.
.echo ON|OFF Turn command echo on or off
.exit Exit this program
.explain ?ON|OFF? Turn output mode suitable for EXPLAIN on or off.
With no args, it turns EXPLAIN on.
.header(s) ON|OFF Turn display of headers on or off
.help Show this message
.import FILE TABLE Import data from FILE into TABLE
.indices ?TABLE? Show names of all indices
If TABLE specified, only show indices for tables
matching LIKE pattern TABLE.
.load FILE ?ENTRY? Load an extension library
.log FILE|off Turn logging on or off. FILE can be stderr/stdout
.mode MODE ?TABLE? Set output mode where MODE is one of:
csv Comma-separated values
column Left-aligned columns. (See .width)
html HTML <table> code
insert SQL insert statements for TABLE
line One value per line
list Values delimited by .separator string
tabs Tab-separated values
tcl TCL list elements
.nullvalue STRING Use STRING in place of NULL values
.open ?FILENAME? Close existing database and reopen FILENAME
.output FILENAME Send output to FILENAME
.output stdout Send output to the screen
.print STRING... Print literal STRING
.prompt MAIN CONTINUE Replace the standard prompts
.quit Exit this program
.restore ?DB? FILE Restore content of DB (default "main") from FILE
.schema ?TABLE? Show the CREATE statements
If TABLE specified, only show tables matching
LIKE pattern TABLE.
.separator STRING Change separator used by output mode and .import
.show Show the current values for various settings
.stats ON|OFF Turn stats on or off
.tables ?TABLE? List names of tables
If TABLE specified, only list tables matching
LIKE pattern TABLE.
.timeout MS Try opening locked tables for MS milliseconds
.trace FILE|off Output each SQL statement as it is run
.vfsname ?AUX? Print the name of the VFS stack
.width NUM1 NUM2 ... Set column widths for "column" mode
.timer ON|OFF Turn the CPU timer measurement on or off
|cc .
.B sqlite3
has the following options:
.B \-bail
Stop after hitting an error.
.B \-batch
Force batch I/O.
.B \-column
Query results will be displayed in a table like form, using
whitespace characters to separate the columns and align the
.BI \-cmd\ command
.I command
before reading stdin
.B \-csv
Set output mode to CSV (comma separated values).
.B \-echo
Print commands before execution.
.BI \-init\ file
Read and execute commands from
.I file
, which can contain a mix of SQL statements and meta-commands.
.B \-[no]header
Turn headers on or off.
.B \-help
Show help on options and exit.
.B \-html
Query results will be output as simple HTML tables.
.B \-interactive
Force interactive I/O.
.B \-line
Query results will be displayed with one value per line, rows
separated by a blank line. Designed to be easily parsed by
scripts or other programs
.B \-list
Query results will be displayed with the separator (|, by default)
character between each field value. The default.
.BI \-mmap\ N
Set default mmap size to
.I N
.BI \-nullvalue\ string
Set string used to represent NULL values. Default is ''
(empty string).
.BI \-separator\ separator
Set output field separator. Default is '|'.
.B \-stats
Print memory stats before each finalize.
.B \-version
Show SQLite version.
.BI \-vfs\ name
.I name
as the default VFS.
.B sqlite3
reads an initialization file to set the configuration of the
interactive environment. Throughout initialization, any previously
specified setting can be overridden. The sequence of initialization is
as follows:
o The default configuration is established as follows:
.cc |
mode = LIST
separator = "|"
main prompt = "sqlite> "
continue prompt = " ...> "
|cc .
o If the file
.B ~/.sqliterc
exists, it is processed first.
can be found in the user's home directory, it is
read and processed. It should generally only contain meta-commands.
o If the -init option is present, the specified file is processed.
o All other command line options are processed.
The sqlite3-doc package.
This manual page was originally written by Andreas Rottmann
<>, for the Debian GNU/Linux system (but may be used
by others). It was subsequently revised by Bill Bumgarner <> and
further updated by Laszlo Boszormenyi <> .