MemoryInfra is a timeline-based profiling system integrated in chrome://tracing. It aims at creating Chrome-scale memory measurement tooling so that on any Chrome in the world --- desktop, mobile, Chrome OS or any other --- with the click of a button you can understand where memory is being used in your system.
Taking a memory-infra trace
Record a trace as usual: open chrome://tracing on Desktop Chrome or chrome://inspect?tracing to trace Chrome for Android.
Make sure to enable the memory-infra category on the right.
Navigating a memory-infra trace
After recording a trace, you will see the timeline view. The timeline view is primarily used for other tracing features. Click one of the dots to bring up the analysis view. Click on a cell in analysis view to reveal more information about its subsystem. PartitionAlloc for instance, has more details about its partitions.
The full details of the MemoryInfra UI are explained in its design doc.
Columns in blue reflect the amount of actual physical memory used by the process. This is what exerts memory pressure on the system.
- Total Resident: The current working set size of the process, excluding the memory overhead of tracing. On Linux, this returns the resident set size.
- Peak Total Resident: The overall peak working set size of the process on supported platforms. On Linux kernel versions >= 4.0 the peak usage between two memory dumps is shown.
- PSS: POSIX only. The process's proportional share of total resident size.
- Private Dirty: The total size of dirty pages which are not used by any other process.
- Swapped: The total size of anonymous memory used by process, which is swapped out of RAM.
Columns in black reflect a best estimation of the amount of physical memory used by various subsystems of Chrome.
- Blink GC: Memory used by Oilpan.
- CC: Memory used by the compositor. See cc/memory for the full details.
- Discardable: Total discardable memory used by the process from various components like Skia caches and Web caches.
- Font Caches: Size of cache that stores Font shapes and platform Fonts.
- GPU and GPU Memory Buffer: GPU memory and RAM used for GPU purposes. See GPU Memory Tracing.
- LevelDB: Memory used for LeveldbValueStore(s), IndexedDB databases and ProtoDatabase(s).
- Malloc: Memory allocated by calls to
new for most non-Blink objects.
- PartitionAlloc: Memory allocated via PartitionAlloc. Blink objects that are not managed by Oilpan are allocated with PartitionAlloc.
- Skia: Memory used by all resources used by the Skia rendering system.
- SQLite: Memory used for all sqlite databases.
- Sync: Memory used by Chrome Sync when signed in.
- UI: Android only. Memory used by Android java bitmaps for the UI.
- Web Cache: Memory used by resources downloaded from the Web, like images and scripts.
The tracing column in gray reports memory that is used to collect all of the above information. This memory would not be used if tracing were not enabled, and it is discounted from malloc and the blue columns.
‘effective_size’ vs. ‘size’
This is a little like the difference between ‘self time’ and ‘cumulative time’ in a profiling tool. Size is the total amount of memory allocated/requested by a subsystem whereas effective size is the total amount of memory used/consumed by a subsystem. If Skia allocates 10mb via partition_alloc that memory would show up in the size of both Skia and partition_alloc but only in the effective size of Skia since although partition_alloc allocates the 10mb it does so on behalf of Skia which is responsible for the memory. Summing all effective sizes gives the total amount of memory used whereas summing size would give a number larger than the total amount of memory used.
Another memory profiler? What is wrong with tool X? Most of the existing tools:
- Are hard to get working with Chrome. (Massive symbols, require OS-specific tricks.)
- Lack Chrome-related context.
- Don't deal with multi-process scenarios.
MemoryInfra leverages the existing tracing infrastructure in Chrome and provides contextual data:
- It speaks Chrome slang. The Chromium codebase is instrumented. Its memory subsystems (allocators, caches, etc.) uniformly report their stats into the trace in a way that can be understood by Chrome developers. No more
__gnu_cxx::new_allocator< std::_Rb_tree_node< std::pair< std::string const, base::Value*>>> ::allocate.
- Timeline data that can be correlated with other events. Did memory suddenly increase during a specific Blink / V8 / HTML parsing event? Which subsystem increased? Did memory not go down as expected after closing a tab? Which other threads were active during a bloat?
- Works out of the box on desktop and mobile. No recompilations, no time-consuming symbolizations stages. All the logic is already in Chrome, ready to dump at any time.
- The same technology is used for telemetry and the ChromePerf dashboard. See the slides and take a look at some ChromePerf dashboards and telemetry documentation.
MemoryInfra is based on a simple and extensible architecture. See the slides on how to get your subsystem reported in MemoryInfra, or take a look at one of the existing examples such as malloc_dump_provider.cc. The crbug label is Hotlist-MemoryInfra. Don't hesitate to contact firstname.lastname@example.org for questions and support.
Chrome-side design docs:
Catapult-side design docs: