Starting around Chrome 116, we are running an experiment on 50% of Chrome sessions that increases the priority of the first five images that are not smaller than 10,000px^2 (100x100) to ‘Medium’. Images usually default to a ‘Low’ priority unless otherwise specified by fetchpriority. The experiment also allows for two medium-priority resources at a time to be loading while Chrome's loading scheduler is in “tight mode” (up until the body has been inserted into the document).
The experiment may impact the Largest Contentfuil Paint (LCP) and Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS) metrics (in most cases for the better). If the LCP element is an image, it is usually one of the first 5 images in the document and this experiment may cause it to load sooner (improving LCP). For sites that don't explicitly specify image layout and dimensions, loading the first five images sooner can also make it more likely that they are loaded before the first paint, reducing shifts in the content that come from layout changing when image dimensions become available.
The change was rolled out to 50% of Chrome users around August 11, 2023 which roughly corresponds with the release of Chrome 116.