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// Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#ifndef NET_URL_REQUEST_URL_REQUEST_THROTTLER_ENTRY_H_
#define NET_URL_REQUEST_URL_REQUEST_THROTTLER_ENTRY_H_
#include <stdint.h>
#include <string>
#include "base/containers/queue.h"
#include "base/memory/raw_ptr.h"
#include "base/time/time.h"
#include "net/base/backoff_entry.h"
#include "net/base/net_export.h"
#include "net/log/net_log_with_source.h"
#include "net/url_request/url_request_throttler_entry_interface.h"
namespace net {
class URLRequestThrottlerManager;
// URLRequestThrottlerEntry represents an entry of URLRequestThrottlerManager.
// It analyzes requests of a specific URL over some period of time, in order to
// deduce the back-off time for every request.
// The back-off algorithm consists of two parts. Firstly, exponential back-off
// is used when receiving 5XX server errors or malformed response bodies.
// The exponential back-off rule is enforced by URLRequestHttpJob. Any
// request sent during the back-off period will be cancelled.
// Secondly, a sliding window is used to count recent requests to a given
// destination and provide guidance (to the application level only) on whether
// too many requests have been sent and when a good time to send the next one
// would be. This is never used to deny requests at the network level.
class NET_EXPORT URLRequestThrottlerEntry
: public URLRequestThrottlerEntryInterface {
public:
// Sliding window period.
static const int kDefaultSlidingWindowPeriodMs;
// Maximum number of requests allowed in sliding window period.
static const int kDefaultMaxSendThreshold;
// Number of initial errors to ignore before starting exponential back-off.
static const int kDefaultNumErrorsToIgnore;
// Initial delay for exponential back-off.
static const int kDefaultInitialDelayMs;
// Factor by which the waiting time will be multiplied.
static const double kDefaultMultiplyFactor;
// Fuzzing percentage. ex: 10% will spread requests randomly
// between 90%-100% of the calculated time.
static const double kDefaultJitterFactor;
// Maximum amount of time we are willing to delay our request.
static const int kDefaultMaximumBackoffMs;
// Time after which the entry is considered outdated.
static const int kDefaultEntryLifetimeMs;
// The manager object's lifetime must enclose the lifetime of this object.
URLRequestThrottlerEntry(URLRequestThrottlerManager* manager,
const std::string& url_id);
// The life span of instances created with this constructor is set to
// infinite, and the number of initial errors to ignore is set to 0.
// It is only used by unit tests.
URLRequestThrottlerEntry(URLRequestThrottlerManager* manager,
const std::string& url_id,
int sliding_window_period_ms,
int max_send_threshold,
int initial_backoff_ms,
double multiply_factor,
double jitter_factor,
int maximum_backoff_ms);
URLRequestThrottlerEntry(const URLRequestThrottlerEntry&) = delete;
URLRequestThrottlerEntry& operator=(const URLRequestThrottlerEntry&) = delete;
// Used by the manager, returns true if the entry needs to be garbage
// collected.
bool IsEntryOutdated() const;
// Causes this entry to never reject requests due to back-off.
void DisableBackoffThrottling();
// Causes this entry to NULL its manager pointer.
void DetachManager();
// Implementation of URLRequestThrottlerEntryInterface.
bool ShouldRejectRequest(const URLRequest& request) const override;
int64_t ReserveSendingTimeForNextRequest(
const base::TimeTicks& earliest_time) override;
base::TimeTicks GetExponentialBackoffReleaseTime() const override;
void UpdateWithResponse(int status_code) override;
void ReceivedContentWasMalformed(int response_code) override;
protected:
~URLRequestThrottlerEntry() override;
void Initialize();
// Returns true if the given response code is considered a success for
// throttling purposes.
bool IsConsideredSuccess(int response_code);
// Equivalent to TimeTicks::Now(), virtual to be mockable for testing purpose.
virtual base::TimeTicks ImplGetTimeNow() const;
// Retrieves the back-off entry object we're using. Used to enable a
// unit testing seam for dependency injection in tests.
virtual const BackoffEntry* GetBackoffEntry() const;
virtual BackoffEntry* GetBackoffEntry();
// Used by tests.
base::TimeTicks sliding_window_release_time() const {
return sliding_window_release_time_;
}
// Used by tests.
void set_sliding_window_release_time(const base::TimeTicks& release_time) {
sliding_window_release_time_ = release_time;
}
// Valid and immutable after construction time.
BackoffEntry::Policy backoff_policy_;
private:
// Timestamp calculated by the sliding window algorithm for when we advise
// clients the next request should be made, at the earliest. Advisory only,
// not used to deny requests.
base::TimeTicks sliding_window_release_time_;
// A list of the recent send events. We use them to decide whether there are
// too many requests sent in sliding window.
base::queue<base::TimeTicks> send_log_;
const base::TimeDelta sliding_window_period_;
const int max_send_threshold_;
// True if DisableBackoffThrottling() has been called on this object.
bool is_backoff_disabled_;
// Access it through GetBackoffEntry() to allow a unit test seam.
BackoffEntry backoff_entry_;
// Weak back-reference to the manager object managing us.
raw_ptr<URLRequestThrottlerManager> manager_;
// Canonicalized URL string that this entry is for; used for logging only.
std::string url_id_;
NetLogWithSource net_log_;
};
} // namespace net
#endif // NET_URL_REQUEST_URL_REQUEST_THROTTLER_ENTRY_H_