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// Copyright 2013 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
//
// Creates an output stream based on the ALSA PCM interface.
//
// On device write failure, the stream will move itself to an invalid state.
// No more data will be pulled from the data source, or written to the device.
// All calls to public API functions will either no-op themselves, or return an
// error if possible. Specifically, If the stream is in an error state, Open()
// will return false, and Start() will call OnError() immediately on the
// provided callback.
//
// If the stream is successfully opened, Close() must be called. After Close
// has been called, the object should be regarded as deleted and not touched.
//
// AlsaPcmOutputStream is a single threaded class that should only be used from
// the audio thread. When modifying the code in this class, please read the
// threading assumptions at the top of the implementation.
#ifndef MEDIA_AUDIO_ALSA_ALSA_OUTPUT_H_
#define MEDIA_AUDIO_ALSA_ALSA_OUTPUT_H_
#include <alsa/asoundlib.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <memory>
#include <string>
#include "base/compiler_specific.h"
#include "base/gtest_prod_util.h"
#include "base/macros.h"
#include "base/memory/ref_counted.h"
#include "base/memory/weak_ptr.h"
#include "base/sequence_checker.h"
#include "base/single_thread_task_runner.h"
#include "base/time/tick_clock.h"
#include "base/time/time.h"
#include "media/audio/audio_io.h"
#include "media/base/audio_parameters.h"
namespace media {
class AlsaWrapper;
class AudioManagerBase;
class ChannelMixer;
class SeekableBuffer;
class MEDIA_EXPORT AlsaPcmOutputStream : public AudioOutputStream {
public:
// String for the generic "default" ALSA device that has the highest
// compatibility and chance of working.
static const char kDefaultDevice[];
// Pass this to the AlsaPcmOutputStream if you want to attempt auto-selection
// of the audio device.
static const char kAutoSelectDevice[];
// Prefix for device names to enable ALSA library resampling.
static const char kPlugPrefix[];
// The minimum latency that is accepted by the device.
static const uint32_t kMinLatencyMicros;
// Create a PCM Output stream for the ALSA device identified by
// |device_name|. The AlsaPcmOutputStream uses |wrapper| to communicate with
// the alsa libraries, allowing for dependency injection during testing. All
// requesting of data, and writing to the alsa device will be done on
// the current thread.
//
// If unsure of what to use for |device_name|, use |kAutoSelectDevice|.
AlsaPcmOutputStream(const std::string& device_name,
const AudioParameters& params,
AlsaWrapper* wrapper,
AudioManagerBase* manager);
~AlsaPcmOutputStream() override;
// Implementation of AudioOutputStream.
bool Open() override;
void Close() override;
void Start(AudioSourceCallback* callback) override;
void Stop() override;
void SetVolume(double volume) override;
void GetVolume(double* volume) override;
void SetTickClockForTesting(base::TickClock* tick_clock);
private:
friend class AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest;
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest,
AutoSelectDevice_DeviceSelect);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest,
AutoSelectDevice_FallbackDevices);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, AutoSelectDevice_HintFail);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, BufferPacket);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, BufferPacket_Negative);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, BufferPacket_StopStream);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, BufferPacket_Underrun);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, BufferPacket_FullBuffer);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, ConstructedState);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, LatencyFloor);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, OpenClose);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, PcmOpenFailed);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, PcmSetParamsFailed);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, ScheduleNextWrite);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest,
ScheduleNextWrite_StopStream);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, StartStop);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, WritePacket_FinishedPacket);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, WritePacket_NormalPacket);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, WritePacket_StopStream);
FRIEND_TEST_ALL_PREFIXES(AlsaPcmOutputStreamTest, WritePacket_WriteFails);
// Flags indicating the state of the stream.
enum InternalState {
kInError = 0,
kCreated,
kIsOpened,
kIsPlaying,
kIsStopped,
kIsClosed
};
friend std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& os, InternalState);
// Functions to get another packet from the data source and write it into the
// ALSA device.
void BufferPacket(bool* source_exhausted);
void WritePacket();
void WriteTask();
void ScheduleNextWrite(bool source_exhausted);
// Utility functions for talking with the ALSA API.
std::string FindDeviceForChannels(uint32_t channels);
snd_pcm_sframes_t GetAvailableFrames();
snd_pcm_sframes_t GetCurrentDelay();
// Attempts to find the best matching linux audio device for the given number
// of channels. This function will set |device_name_| and |channel_mixer_|.
snd_pcm_t* AutoSelectDevice(uint32_t latency);
// Functions to safeguard state transitions. All changes to the object state
// should go through these functions.
bool CanTransitionTo(InternalState to);
InternalState TransitionTo(InternalState to);
InternalState state();
// API for Proxying calls to the AudioSourceCallback provided during
// Start().
//
// TODO(ajwong): This is necessary because the ownership semantics for the
// |source_callback_| object are incorrect in AudioRenderHost. The callback
// is passed into the output stream, but ownership is not transfered which
// requires a synchronization on access of the |source_callback_| to avoid
// using a deleted callback.
int RunDataCallback(base::TimeDelta delay,
base::TimeTicks delay_timestamp,
AudioBus* audio_bus);
void RunErrorCallback(int code);
// Changes the AudioSourceCallback to proxy calls to. Pass in NULL to
// release ownership of the currently registered callback.
void set_source_callback(AudioSourceCallback* callback);
// Configuration constants from the constructor. Referenceable by all threads
// since they are constants.
const std::string requested_device_name_;
const snd_pcm_format_t pcm_format_;
const uint32_t channels_;
const ChannelLayout channel_layout_;
const uint32_t sample_rate_;
const uint32_t bytes_per_sample_;
const uint32_t bytes_per_frame_;
// Device configuration data. Populated after OpenTask() completes.
std::string device_name_;
uint32_t packet_size_;
base::TimeDelta latency_;
uint32_t bytes_per_output_frame_;
uint32_t alsa_buffer_frames_;
// Flag indicating the code should stop reading from the data source or
// writing to the ALSA device. This is set because the device has entered
// an unrecoverable error state, or the ClosedTask() has executed.
bool stop_stream_;
// Wrapper class to invoke all the ALSA functions.
AlsaWrapper* wrapper_;
// Audio manager that created us. Used to report that we've been closed.
AudioManagerBase* manager_;
// Task runner to use for polling.
const scoped_refptr<base::SingleThreadTaskRunner> task_runner_;
// Handle to the actual PCM playback device.
snd_pcm_t* playback_handle_;
std::unique_ptr<SeekableBuffer> buffer_;
uint32_t frames_per_packet_;
InternalState state_;
float volume_; // Volume level from 0.0 to 1.0.
AudioSourceCallback* source_callback_;
// Container for retrieving data from AudioSourceCallback::OnMoreData().
std::unique_ptr<AudioBus> audio_bus_;
// Channel mixer and temporary bus for the final mixed channel data.
std::unique_ptr<ChannelMixer> channel_mixer_;
std::unique_ptr<AudioBus> mixed_audio_bus_;
base::TickClock* tick_clock_;
SEQUENCE_CHECKER(sequence_checker_);
// Allows us to run tasks on the AlsaPcmOutputStream instance which are
// bound by its lifetime.
// NOTE: Weak pointers must be invalidated before all other member variables.
base::WeakPtrFactory<AlsaPcmOutputStream> weak_factory_;
DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN(AlsaPcmOutputStream);
};
MEDIA_EXPORT std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& os,
AlsaPcmOutputStream::InternalState);
}; // namespace media
#endif // MEDIA_AUDIO_ALSA_ALSA_OUTPUT_H_