blob: 6ee32e925666332606a37d0d368428df9f7e223c [file] [log] [blame]
# Copyright 2016 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
import atexit
import logging
import os
import re
import socket
import struct
import subprocess
import sys
REPOSITORY_ROOT = os.path.abspath(os.path.join(
os.path.dirname(__file__), '..', '..', '..'))
sys.path.append(os.path.join(REPOSITORY_ROOT, 'tools', 'perf'))
from core import path_util # pylint: disable=wrong-import-position
# pylint: disable=wrong-import-position
from telemetry.core import platform
from telemetry.internal.platform import android_device
from telemetry.internal.util import binary_manager
from import device_errors
from import device_utils
import py_utils
# pylint: enable=wrong-import-position
class AndroidRndisForwarder(object):
"""Forwards traffic using RNDIS. Assumes the device has root access."""
def __init__(self, device, rndis_configurator):
self._device = device
self._rndis_configurator = rndis_configurator
self._device_iface = rndis_configurator.device_iface
self._host_ip = rndis_configurator.host_ip
self._original_dns = None, None, None
# The netd commands fail on Lollipop and newer releases, but aren't
# necessary as DNS isn't used.
# self._OverrideDns()
# Need to override routing policy again since call to setifdns
# sometimes resets policy table
# TODO(tonyg): Verify that each port can connect to host.
def host_ip(self):
return self._host_ip
def Close(self):
#if self._forwarding:
# self._rndis_configurator.RestoreRoutingPolicy()
# self._SetDns(*self._original_dns)
# self._RestoreDefaultGateway()
#super(AndroidRndisForwarder, self).Close()
def _RedirectPorts(self):
"""Sets the local to remote pair mappings to use for RNDIS."""
# Flush any old nat rules.
['iptables', '-F', '-t', 'nat'], check_return=True)
def _OverrideDns(self):
"""Overrides DNS on device to point at the host."""
self._original_dns = self._GetCurrentDns()
self._SetDns(self._device_iface, self.host_ip, self.host_ip)
def _SetDns(self, iface, dns1, dns2):
"""Overrides device's DNS configuration.
iface: name of the network interface to make default
dns1, dns2: nameserver IP addresses
if not iface:
return # If there is no route, then nobody cares about DNS.
# DNS proxy in older versions of Android is configured via properties.
# TODO(szym): run via su -c if necessary.
self._device.SetProp('net.dns1', dns1)
self._device.SetProp('net.dns2', dns2)
dnschange = self._device.GetProp('net.dnschange')
if dnschange:
self._device.SetProp('net.dnschange', str(int(dnschange) + 1))
# Since commit 8b47b3601f82f299bb8c135af0639b72b67230e6 to frameworks/base
# the net.dns1 properties have been replaced with explicit commands for netd
['netd', 'resolver', 'setifdns', iface, dns1, dns2], check_return=True)
# TODO(szym): if we know the package UID, we could setifaceforuidrange
['netd', 'resolver', 'setdefaultif', iface], check_return=True)
def _GetCurrentDns(self):
"""Returns current gateway, dns1, and dns2."""
routes = self._device.RunShellCommand(
['cat', '/proc/net/route'], check_return=True)[1:]
routes = [route.split() for route in routes]
default_routes = [route[0] for route in routes if route[1] == '00000000']
return (
default_routes[0] if default_routes else None,
def _OverrideDefaultGateway(self):
"""Force traffic to go through RNDIS interface.
Override any default gateway route. Without this traffic may go through
the wrong interface.
This introduces the risk that _RestoreDefaultGateway() is not called
(e.g. Telemetry crashes). A power cycle or "adb reboot" is a simple
workaround around in that case.
# NOTE(pauljensen): On Nougat this can produce a weird message and return
# a non-zero value, but routing still seems fine, so don't check_return.
['route', 'add', 'default', 'gw', self.host_ip,
'dev', self._device_iface])
def _RestoreDefaultGateway(self):
['netcfg', self._device_iface, 'down'], check_return=True)
class AndroidRndisConfigurator(object):
"""Configures a linux host to connect to an android device via RNDIS.
Note that we intentionally leave RNDIS running on the device. This is
because the setup is slow and potentially flaky and leaving it running
doesn't seem to interfere with any other developer or bot use-cases.
_RNDIS_DEVICE = '/sys/class/android_usb/android0'
_NETWORK_INTERFACES = '/etc/network/interfaces'
_INTERFACES_INCLUDE = 'source /etc/network/interfaces.d/*.conf'
_TELEMETRY_INTERFACE_FILE = '/etc/network/interfaces.d/telemetry-{}.conf'
def __init__(self, device):
self._device = device
except device_errors.CommandFailedError:
logging.error('RNDIS forwarding requires a rooted device.')
self._device_ip = None
self._host_iface = None
self._host_ip = None
self.device_iface = None
if platform.GetHostPlatform().GetOSName() == 'mac':
assert self._IsRndisSupported(), 'Device does not support RNDIS.'
def host_ip(self):
return self._host_ip
def _IsRndisSupported(self):
"""Checks that the device has RNDIS support in the kernel."""
return self._device.FileExists('%s/f_rndis/device' % self._RNDIS_DEVICE)
def _FindDeviceRndisInterface(self):
"""Returns the name of the RNDIS network interface if present."""
config = self._device.RunShellCommand(
['ip', '-o', 'link', 'show'], check_return=True)
interfaces = [line.split(':')[1].strip() for line in config]
candidates = [iface for iface in interfaces if re.match('rndis|usb', iface)]
if candidates:
if len(candidates) == 2 and candidates[0].startswith('rndis') and \
return candidates[0]
assert len(candidates) == 1, 'Found more than one rndis device!'
return candidates[0]
def _FindDeviceRndisMacAddress(self, interface):
"""Returns the MAC address of the RNDIS network interface if present."""
config = self._device.RunShellCommand(
['ip', '-o', 'link', 'show', interface], check_return=True)[0]
return config.split('link/ether ')[1][:17]
def _EnumerateHostInterfaces(self):
host_platform = platform.GetHostPlatform().GetOSName()
if host_platform == 'linux':
return subprocess.check_output(['ip', 'addr']).splitlines()
if host_platform == 'mac':
return subprocess.check_output(['ifconfig']).splitlines()
raise NotImplementedError('Platform %s not supported!' % host_platform)
def _FindHostRndisInterface(self, device_mac_address):
"""Returns the name of the host-side network interface."""
interface_list = self._EnumerateHostInterfaces()
ether_address = self._device.ReadFile(
'%s/f_rndis/ethaddr' % self._RNDIS_DEVICE,
as_root=True, force_pull=True).strip()
interface_name = None
for line in interface_list:
if not line.startswith((' ', '\t')):
interface_name = line.split(':')[-2].strip()
# Attempt to ping device to trigger ARP for device.
with open(os.devnull, 'wb') as devnull:['ping', '-w1', '-c1', '-I', interface_name,
self._DEVICE_IP_ADDRESS], stdout=devnull, stderr=devnull)
# Check if ARP cache now has device in it.
arp = subprocess.check_output(
['arp', '-i', interface_name, self._DEVICE_IP_ADDRESS])
if device_mac_address in arp:
return interface_name
elif ether_address in line:
return interface_name
# NOTE(pauljensen): |ether_address| seems incorrect on Nougat devices,
# but just going by the host interface name seems safe enough.
elif interface_name == 'usb0':
return interface_name
def _WriteProtectedFile(self, file_path, contents):
['/usr/bin/sudo', 'bash', '-c',
'echo -e "%s" > %s' % (contents, file_path)])
def _LoadInstalledHoRNDIS(self):
"""Attempt to load HoRNDIS if installed.
If kext could not be loaded or if HoRNDIS is not installed, return False.
if not os.path.isdir('/System/Library/Extensions/HoRNDIS.kext'):'HoRNDIS not present on system.')
return False
def HoRNDISLoaded():
return 'HoRNDIS' in subprocess.check_output(['kextstat'])
if HoRNDISLoaded():
return True'HoRNDIS installed but not running, trying to load manually.')
['/usr/bin/sudo', 'kextload', '-b', 'com.joshuawise.kexts.HoRNDIS'])
return HoRNDISLoaded()
def _InstallHorndis(self, arch_name):
if self._LoadInstalledHoRNDIS():'HoRNDIS kext loaded successfully.')
return'Installing HoRNDIS...')
pkg_path = binary_manager.FetchPath('horndis', arch_name, 'mac')
['/usr/bin/sudo', 'installer', '-pkg', pkg_path, '-target', '/'])
def _DisableRndis(self):
# Set expect_status=None as this will temporarily break the adb connection.
self._device.adb.Shell('setprop sys.usb.config adb', expect_status=None)
def _EnableRndis(self):
"""Enables the RNDIS network interface."""
script_prefix = '/data/local/tmp/rndis'
# This could be accomplished via "svc usb setFunction rndis" but only on
# devices which have the "USB tethering" feature.
# Also, on some devices, it's necessary to go through "none" function.
script = """
trap '' HUP
trap '' TERM
trap '' PIPE
function manual_config() {
echo %(functions)s > %(dev)s/functions
echo 224 > %(dev)s/bDeviceClass
echo 1 > %(dev)s/enable
start adbd
setprop sys.usb.state %(functions)s
# This function kills adb transport, so it has to be run "detached".
function doit() {
setprop sys.usb.config none
while [ `getprop sys.usb.state` != "none" ]; do
sleep 1
# For some combinations of devices and host kernels, adb won't work unless the
# interface is up, but if we bring it up immediately, it will break adb.
#sleep 1
if ip link show rndis0 ; then
ifconfig rndis0 %(device_ip_address)s netmask up
ifconfig usb0 %(device_ip_address)s netmask up
echo DONE >> %(prefix)s.log
doit &
""" % {'dev': self._RNDIS_DEVICE,
'functions': 'rndis,adb',
'prefix': script_prefix,
'device_ip_address': self._DEVICE_IP_ADDRESS}
script_file = '' % script_prefix
log_file = '%s.log' % script_prefix
self._device.WriteFile(script_file, script)
# TODO(szym): run via su -c if necessary.
self._device.RemovePath(log_file, force=True)
self._device.RunShellCommand(['.', script_file], check_return=True)
result = self._device.ReadFile(log_file).splitlines()
assert any('DONE' in line for line in result), 'RNDIS script did not run!'
def _CheckEnableRndis(self, force):
"""Enables the RNDIS network interface, retrying if necessary.
force: Disable RNDIS first, even if it appears already enabled.
device_iface: RNDIS interface name on the device
host_iface: corresponding interface name on the host
for _ in range(3):
if not force:
device_iface = self._FindDeviceRndisInterface()
if device_iface:
device_mac_address = self._FindDeviceRndisMacAddress(device_iface)
host_iface = self._FindHostRndisInterface(device_mac_address)
if host_iface:
return device_iface, host_iface
force = False
raise Exception('Could not enable RNDIS, giving up.')
def _Ip2Long(self, addr):
return struct.unpack('!L', socket.inet_aton(addr))[0]
def _IpPrefix2AddressMask(self, addr):
def _Length2Mask(length):
return 0xFFFFFFFF & ~((1 << (32 - length)) - 1)
addr, masklen = addr.split('/')
return self._Ip2Long(addr), _Length2Mask(int(masklen))
def _GetHostAddresses(self, iface):
"""Returns the IP addresses on host's interfaces, breaking out |iface|."""
interface_list = self._EnumerateHostInterfaces()
addresses = []
iface_address = None
found_iface = False
for line in interface_list:
if not line.startswith((' ', '\t')):
found_iface = iface in line
match ='(?<=inet )\S+', line)
if match:
address =
if '/' in address:
address = self._IpPrefix2AddressMask(address)
match ='(?<=netmask )\S+', line)
address = self._Ip2Long(address), int(, 16)
if found_iface:
assert not iface_address, (
'Found %s twice when parsing host interfaces.' % iface)
iface_address = address
return addresses, iface_address
def _GetDeviceAddresses(self, excluded_iface):
"""Returns the IP addresses on all connected devices.
Excludes interface |excluded_iface| on the selected device.
my_device = str(self._device)
addresses = []
for device_serial in android_device.GetDeviceSerials(None):
device = device_utils.DeviceUtils(device_serial)
if device_serial == my_device:
excluded = excluded_iface
excluded = 'no interfaces excluded on other devices'
output = device.RunShellCommand(
['ip', '-o', '-4', 'addr'], check_return=True)
addresses += [
line.split()[3] for line in output if excluded not in line]
except device_errors.CommandFailedError:
logging.warning('Unable to determine IP addresses for %s',
return addresses
def _ConfigureNetwork(self, device_iface, host_iface):
"""Configures the |device_iface| to be on the same network as |host_iface|.
def _Long2Ip(value):
return socket.inet_ntoa(struct.pack('!L', value))
def _IsNetworkUnique(network, addresses):
return all((addr & mask != network & mask) for addr, mask in addresses)
def _NextUnusedAddress(network, netmask, used_addresses):
# Excludes '0' and broadcast.
for suffix in range(1, 0xFFFFFFFF & ~netmask):
candidate = network | suffix
if candidate not in used_addresses:
return candidate
def HasHostAddress():
_, host_address = self._GetHostAddresses(host_iface)
return bool(host_address)
if not HasHostAddress():
if platform.GetHostPlatform().GetOSName() == 'mac':
if 'Telemetry' not in subprocess.check_output(
['networksetup', '-listallnetworkservices']):
['/usr/bin/sudo', 'networksetup',
'-createnetworkservice', 'Telemetry', host_iface])
['/usr/bin/sudo', 'networksetup',
'-setmanual', 'Telemetry', '', ''])
elif platform.GetHostPlatform().GetOSName() == 'linux':
with open(self._NETWORK_INTERFACES) as f:
orig_interfaces =
if self._INTERFACES_INCLUDE not in orig_interfaces:
interfaces = '\n'.join([
'# Added by Telemetry.',
self._WriteProtectedFile(self._NETWORK_INTERFACES, interfaces)
interface_conf_file = self._TELEMETRY_INTERFACE_FILE.format(host_iface)
if not os.path.exists(interface_conf_file):
interface_conf_dir = os.path.dirname(interface_conf_file)
if not os.path.exists(interface_conf_dir):['/usr/bin/sudo', '/bin/mkdir', interface_conf_dir])
['/usr/bin/sudo', '/bin/chmod', '755', interface_conf_dir])
interface_conf = '\n'.join([
'# Added by Telemetry for RNDIS forwarding.',
'allow-hotplug %s' % host_iface,
'iface %s inet static' % host_iface,
' address',
' netmask',
self._WriteProtectedFile(interface_conf_file, interface_conf)
subprocess.check_call(['/usr/bin/sudo', 'ifup', host_iface])'Waiting for RNDIS connectivity...')
py_utils.WaitFor(HasHostAddress, 30)
addresses, host_address = self._GetHostAddresses(host_iface)
assert host_address, 'Interface %s could not be configured.' % host_iface
host_ip, netmask = host_address # pylint: disable=unpacking-non-sequence
network = host_ip & netmask
if not _IsNetworkUnique(network, addresses):
'The IP address configuration %s of %s is not unique!\n'
'Check your /etc/network/interfaces. If this overlap is intended,\n'
'you might need to use: ip rule add from <device_ip> lookup <table>\n'
'or add the interface to a bridge in order to route to this network.',
host_address, host_iface
# Find unused IP address.
used_addresses = [addr for addr, _ in addresses]
used_addresses += [self._IpPrefix2AddressMask(addr)[0]
for addr in self._GetDeviceAddresses(device_iface)]
used_addresses += [host_ip]
device_ip = _NextUnusedAddress(network, netmask, used_addresses)
assert device_ip, ('The network %s on %s is full.' %
(host_address, host_iface))
host_ip = _Long2Ip(host_ip)
device_ip = _Long2Ip(device_ip)
netmask = _Long2Ip(netmask)
# TODO(szym) run via su -c if necessary.
['ifconfig', device_iface, device_ip, 'netmask', netmask, 'up'],
# Enabling the interface sometimes breaks adb.
self._host_iface = host_iface
self._host_ip = host_ip
self.device_iface = device_iface
self._device_ip = device_ip
def _TestConnectivity(self):
with open(os.devnull, 'wb') as devnull:
return['ping', '-q', '-c1', '-W1', self._device_ip],
stdout=devnull) == 0
def OverrideRoutingPolicy(self):
"""Override any routing policy that could prevent
packets from reaching the rndis interface
policies = self._device.RunShellCommand(['ip', 'rule'], check_return=True)
if len(policies) > 1 and not 'lookup main' in policies[1]:
['ip', 'rule', 'add', 'prio', '1', 'from', 'all', 'table', 'main'],
['ip', 'route', 'flush', 'cache'], check_return=True)
def RestoreRoutingPolicy(self):
policies = self._device.RunShellCommand(['ip', 'rule'], check_return=True)
if len(policies) > 1 and re.match("^1:.*lookup main", policies[1]):
['ip', 'rule', 'del', 'prio', '1'], check_return=True)
['ip', 'route', 'flush', 'cache'], check_return=True)
def _CheckConfigureNetwork(self):
"""Enables RNDIS and configures it, retrying until we have connectivity."""
force = False
for _ in range(3):
device_iface, host_iface = self._CheckEnableRndis(force)
self._ConfigureNetwork(device_iface, host_iface)
# Sometimes the first packet will wake up the connection.
for _ in range(3):
if self._TestConnectivity():
force = True
raise Exception('No connectivity, giving up.')