blob: e73d72387e29bbb4b6c6183a59c4b7f83ccb017d [file] [log] [blame]
#!/usr/bin/env python3
# Copyright 2014 The ChromiumOS Authors
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
"""Pretty print (and check) a set of group/user accounts"""
import argparse
import collections
import datetime
import logging
import os
from pathlib import Path
import re
import sys
from typing import Dict, List, NamedTuple, Optional, Tuple, TypeVar
assert sys.version_info >= (
), f"Python 3.6+ required, but found {sys.version_info}"
THIS_FILE = Path(__file__).resolve()
# Regex to match valid account names.
VALID_ACCT_NAME_RE = re.compile(r"^[a-z][a-z0-9_-]*[a-z0-9]$")
class Group(NamedTuple):
"""A group account."""
# NB: Order is not the same as /etc/group. Don't rely on it.
group: str
gid: str
password: str = "!"
users: str = ""
defunct: str = ""
class User(NamedTuple):
"""A user account."""
# NB: Order is not the same as /etc/passwd. Don't rely on it.
user: str
uid: str
gid: str
password: str = "!"
gecos: str = ""
home: str = "/dev/null"
shell: str = "/bin/false"
defunct: str = ""
GroupOrUser = TypeVar("GroupOrUser", Group, User)
def _ParseAccount(
name: str, name_key: str, content: str, obj: GroupOrUser
) -> GroupOrUser:
"""Parse the raw data in |content| and return a new |obj|."""
if not content:
raise ValueError("empty file")
# Make sure files all have a trailing newline.
if not content.endswith("\n"):
raise ValueError("File needs a trailing newline")
# Disallow leading & trailing blank lines.
if content.startswith("\n"):
raise ValueError("Delete leading blank lines")
if content.endswith("\n\n"):
raise ValueError("Delete trailing blank lines")
d = {}
for line in content.splitlines():
if not line or line.startswith("#"):
# Disallow leading & trailing whitespace.
if line != line.strip():
raise ValueError(f'Trim leading/trailing whitespace: "{line}"')
key, val = line.split(":")
if key not in obj._fields:
raise ValueError(f"unknown key: {key}")
# Check values are reasonable.
if val != val.strip():
raise ValueError(f'Trim leading/trailing whitespace: "{val}"')
if (
key in {"gid", "group", "home", "shell", "uid", "user", "users"}
and " " in val
raise ValueError(f'Whitespace not allowed in value: {key}: "{val}"')
if key in {"gid", "uid"} and str(int(val)) != val:
raise ValueError(f'Value must be an integer: {key}: "{val}"')
if key in {"home", "shell"} and not val.startswith("/"):
raise ValueError(f'Value must be an absolute path: {key}: "{val}"')
d[key] = val
unknown_keys = set(d.keys()) - set(obj._fields)
if unknown_keys:
raise ValueError(f'unknown keys: {" ".join(unknown_keys)}')
if d[name_key] != name:
raise ValueError(
f'account "{name}" has "{name_key}" field set to "{d[name_key]}"'
return obj(**d)
def ParseGroup(name: str, content: str) -> Group:
"""Parse |content| as a Group object."""
return _ParseAccount(name, "group", content, Group)
def ParseUser(name: str, content: str) -> User:
"""Parse |content| as a User object."""
return _ParseAccount(name, "user", content, User)
def AlignWidths(arr: List[NamedTuple]) -> Dict[str, int]:
"""Calculate a set of widths for alignment.
arr: An array of accounts.
A dict whose fields have the max length.
d = {}
for f in arr[0]._fields:
d[f] = 0
for a in arr:
for f in a._fields:
d[f] = max(d[f], len(getattr(a, f)))
return d
def DisplayAccounts(accts: List[NamedTuple], order: Tuple[Tuple[str]]) -> None:
"""Display |accts| as a table using |order| for field ordering.
accts: An array of accounts.
order: The order in which to display the members.
obj = type(accts[0])
header_obj = obj(**dict((k, (v if v else k).upper()) for k, v in order))
keys = [k for k, _ in order]
sorter = lambda x: int(getattr(x, keys[0]))
widths = AlignWidths([header_obj] + accts)
# Don't pad out the last column to tighten it up.
widths[keys[-1]] = 0
def p(obj):
for k in keys:
print(f"{getattr(obj, k):<{widths[k] + 1}}", end="")
for a in [header_obj] + sorted(accts, key=sorter):
def CheckConsistency(groups: List[Group], users: List[User]) -> bool:
"""Run various consistency checks on the lists of groups/users.
This does not check for syntax/etc... errors on a per-account basis as the
main _ParseAccount function above took care of that.
groups: A list of Group objects.
users: A list of User objects.
True if everything is consistent.
ret = True
# Helpers to lookup a group or user by respective ids.
groups_map: Dict[int, Group] = dict((x.gid, x) for x in groups)
# users_map: Dict[int, User] = dict((x.uid, x) for x in users)
# Do not allow a GID to be used with multiple group names.
gid_counts = collections.Counter(x.gid for x in groups)
for gid in (k for k, v in gid_counts.items() if v > 1):
ret = False
dupes = ", ".join( for x in groups if x.gid == gid)
logging.error("duplicate gid found: %s: %s", gid, dupes)
# Do not allow a UID to be used with multiple user names.
uid_counts = collections.Counter(x.uid for x in users)
for uid in (k for k, v in uid_counts.items() if v > 1):
ret = False
dupes = ", ".join(x.user for x in users if x.uid == uid)
logging.error("duplicate uid found: %s: %s", uid, dupes)
# Check group & user naming conventions.
for group in groups:
if not VALID_ACCT_NAME_RE.match(
ret = False
logging.error("invalid group account name: %s",
for user in users:
if not VALID_ACCT_NAME_RE.match(user.user):
ret = False
logging.error("invalid user account name: %s", user.user)
# Require group's user lists be kept sorted.
for group in groups:
want_users = ",".join(sorted(group.users.split(",")))
if group.users != want_users:
ret = False
'group "%s" user list must be sorted: "%s"',,
# Find all the users declared as members of groups and make sure those
# users actually exist.
found_users = set(x.user for x in users)
want_users = set()
for group in groups:
if group.users:
missing_users = want_users - found_users
if missing_users:
ret = False
logging.error("group lists unknown users")
for group in groups:
for user in missing_users:
if user in group.users.split(","):
'group "%s" wants missing user "%s"',,
# Find all groups declared as a user's group and make sure the groups exist.
missing_groups = {x.gid for x in users} - set(groups_map)
if missing_groups:
ret = False
for gid in missing_groups:
for user in users:
if user.gid == gid:
'user "%s" wants missing group id "%s"',
# Require users be listed in their primary group. Practically speaking,
# this does not change behavior at runtime, but it helps people doing a
# quick spot check to understand all the users that are part of a group.
# Otherwise they'd have to look at the group's GID, then look at all the
# users to see who is using that GID.
for user in users:
group = groups_map.get(user.gid)
if group and not group.defunct:
group_users = group.users.split(",")
if not user.defunct and user.user not in group_users:
ret = False
'user "%s" whose GID is "%s" is missing from group '
'"%s" user list',
elif user.defunct and user.user in group_users:
ret = False
'defunct user "%s" whose GID is "%s" '
'should not be in group "%s" user list',
return ret
def _FindFreeIds(
accts: GroupOrUser, key: int, low_id: int, high_id: int
) -> List[int]:
"""Find all free ids in |accts| between |low_id| and |high_id| (inclusive).
accts: An iterable of account objects.
key: The member of the account object holding the id.
low_id: The first id to look for.
high_id: The last id to look for.
A sorted list of free ids.
free_accts = set(range(low_id, high_id + 1))
used_accts = set(int(getattr(x, key)) for x in accts)
return sorted(free_accts - used_accts)
def ShowNextFree(groups: List[Group], users: List[User]) -> None:
"""Display next set of free groups/users."""
("CrOS daemons", 20100, 29999),
("FUSE daemons", 300, 399),
("Standalone", 400, 499),
("Namespaces", 600, 699),
for name, low_id, high_id in RANGES:
for accts, key in ((groups, "gid"), (users, "uid")):
if accts:
free_accts = _FindFreeIds(accts, key, low_id, high_id)
if len(free_accts) > 10:
free_accts = free_accts[0:10] + ["..."]
print(f" {key}: {free_accts}")
def WriteEbuild(account: GroupOrUser, groups: List[Group]) -> None:
"""Writes an ebuild for the account."""
maybe_gecos = ""
if isinstance(account, Group):
name =
ty = "group"
acct_lines = [f"ACCT_GROUP_ID={account.gid}"]
name = account.user
ty = "user"
acct_lines = [f"ACCT_USER_ID={account.uid}"]
user_groups = [ for x in groups if account.user in x.users]
if user_groups:
acct_lines.append(f'ACCT_USER_GROUPS=( {" ".join(user_groups)} )')
if account.gecos:
maybe_gecos = f'\nDESCRIPTION="{account.gecos}"\n'
acct_lines = "\n".join(acct_lines)
content = f"""\
inherit acct-{ty}
# NB: These settings are ignored in CrOS for now.
# See the files in profiles/base/accounts/ instead.
account_dir = OVERLAY_ROOT / f"acct-{ty}" / name
for path in account_dir.glob(f"{name}-*.ebuild"):
if content in path.read_text(encoding="utf-8"):
print(path.relative_to(OVERLAY_ROOT), "is up to date")
# Needs update, bump revision.
ebuild = path.with_name(
lambda match: "-r%d.ebuild" % (int( + 1),,
# No existing ebuild. Creat a new one.
ebuild = account_dir / f"{name}-1-r1.ebuild"
f"""# Copyright {} The ChromiumOS Authors
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
print(f"Wrote {ebuild.relative_to(OVERLAY_ROOT)}")
def GetParser() -> argparse.ArgumentParser:
"""Creates the argparse parser."""
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description=__doc__)
help="Find next available UID/GID",
help="Validate all the user accounts",
help="Write an ebuild for the specified accounts",
"account", nargs="*", type=Path, help="Display these account files only"
return parser
def main(argv: Optional[List[str]] = None) -> Optional[int]:
format="%(levelname)s: %(message)s",
parser = GetParser()
opts = parser.parse_args(argv)
accounts = opts.account
consistency_check = False
if not accounts:
accounts_dir = THIS_FILE.parent
accounts = list((accounts_dir / "group").glob("*")) + list(
(accounts_dir / "user").glob("*")
consistency_check = True
groups: List[Group] = []
users: List[User] = []
for f in accounts:
content = f.read_text(encoding="utf-8")
if "group:" in content:
groups.append(ParseGroup(, content))
users.append(ParseUser(, content))
except ValueError as e:
logging.error("%s: %s", f, e)
return os.EX_DATAERR
if opts.show_free:
ShowNextFree(groups, users)
if not opts.lint:
if groups:
order = (
("gid", ""),
("group", ""),
("defunct", ""),
("password", "pass"),
("users", ""),
DisplayAccounts(groups, order)
if users:
if groups:
order = (
("uid", ""),
("gid", ""),
("user", ""),
("defunct", ""),
("shell", ""),
("home", ""),
("password", "pass"),
("gecos", ""),
DisplayAccounts(users, order)
if consistency_check and not CheckConsistency(groups, users):
return os.EX_DATAERR
if opts.write_ebuild:
for account in [*groups, *users]:
WriteEbuild(account, groups)
if __name__ == "__main__":