blob: af2b39c7c31a3bc619ed5847249030dfc53f95d5 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium OS Authors.
*
* Based on:
* http://bazaar.launchpad.net/~ubuntu-bugcontrol/qa-regression-testing/master/view/head:/scripts/kernel-security/ptrace/thread-prctl.c
* Copyright 2011 Canonical, Ltd
* License: GPLv3
* Author: Kees Cook <kees.cook@canonical.com>
*
* Based on reproducer written by Philippe Waroquiers in:
* https://launchpad.net/bugs/729839
*/
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <sys/ptrace.h>
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#ifndef PR_SET_PTRACER
#define PR_SET_PTRACER 0x59616d61
#endif
int tracee_method = 0;
#define TRACEE_FORKS_FROM_TRACER 0
#define TRACEE_CALLS_PRCTL_FROM_MAIN 1
#define TRACEE_CALLS_PRCTL_FROM_THREAD 2
/* Define some distinct exit values to aid failure debugging. */
#define EXIT_FORK_TRACEE 1
#define EXIT_FORK_TRACER 2
#define EXIT_PIPE_COMMUNICATION 3
#define EXIT_PIPE_NOTIFICATION 4
#define EXIT_TRACEE_PIPE_READ 5
#define EXIT_TRACEE_UNREACHABLE 6
#define EXIT_TRACER_PIPE_READ 7
#define EXIT_TRACER_PTRACE_ATTACH 8
#define EXIT_TRACER_PTRACE_CONTINUE 9
#define EXIT_TRACER_UNREACHABLE 10
#define EXIT_TRACEE_PIPE_WRITE 11
#define EXIT_TRACER_PIPE_WRITE 12
int main_does_ptrace = 0;
int ret;
int pipes[2];
int notification[2];
pid_t tracer, tracee;
static void* thr_fn(void* v) {
printf("tracee thread started\n");
if (tracee_method == TRACEE_CALLS_PRCTL_FROM_THREAD) {
ret = prctl(PR_SET_PTRACER, tracer, 0, 0, 0);
printf("tracee thread prtctl result: %d\n", ret);
}
printf("tracee thread finishing\n");
return NULL;
}
void start_tracee(void);
void* tracer_main(void* data) {
long ptrace_result;
char buf[8];
int saw;
tracer = getpid();
printf("tracer %d waiting\n", tracer);
if (tracee_method == TRACEE_FORKS_FROM_TRACER) {
printf("forking tracee from tracer\n");
start_tracee();
}
close(pipes[1]);
close(notification[0]);
close(notification[1]);
saw = read(pipes[0], buf, 3);
if (saw < 3) {
perror("tracer pipe read");
exit(EXIT_TRACER_PIPE_READ);
}
printf("tracer to PTRACE_ATTACH my tracee %d\n", tracee);
ptrace_result = ptrace(PTRACE_ATTACH, tracee, NULL, NULL);
if (ptrace_result != 0) {
fflush(NULL);
perror("tracer ptrace attach has failed");
exit(EXIT_TRACER_PTRACE_ATTACH);
}
printf("tracer ptrace attach successful\n");
/* Wait for signal. */
printf("tracer waiting for tracee to SIGSTOP\n");
waitpid(tracee, NULL, 0);
printf("tracer to PTRACE_CONT tracee\n");
ptrace_result = ptrace(PTRACE_CONT, tracee, NULL, NULL);
if (ptrace_result != 0) {
fflush(NULL);
perror("tracer ptrace continue has failed");
exit(EXIT_TRACER_PTRACE_CONTINUE);
}
printf("tracer ptrace continue successful\n");
printf("tracer returning 0\n");
fflush(NULL);
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
return NULL;
}
/* Tracee knows nothing, needs tracee and tracer pid. */
void tracee_main(void) {
char buf[1024];
int saw;
pthread_t thr;
int num_written;
tracee = getpid();
close(pipes[0]);
printf("tracee %d reading tracer pid\n", tracee);
close(notification[1]);
saw = read(notification[0], buf, 1024);
if (saw < 1) {
perror("pipe read");
exit(EXIT_TRACEE_PIPE_READ);
}
buf[saw] = '\0';
tracer = atoi(buf);
printf("tracee %d started (expecting %d as tracer)\n", tracee, tracer);
/* Handle setting PR_SET_PTRACER. */
switch (tracee_method) {
case TRACEE_CALLS_PRCTL_FROM_MAIN:
ret = prctl(PR_SET_PTRACER, tracer, 0, 0, 0);
printf("tracee main prtctl result: %d \n", ret);
break;
case TRACEE_CALLS_PRCTL_FROM_THREAD:
printf("tracee thread starting\n");
pthread_create(&thr, NULL, thr_fn, NULL);
pthread_join(thr, NULL);
printf("tracee thread finished\n");
break;
default:
break;
}
/* Wait for Oedipal action. */
printf("tracee triggering tracer\n");
fflush(NULL);
num_written = write(pipes[1], "ok\n", 3);
if (num_written != 3) {
perror("tracee write to trigger tracer failed");
exit(EXIT_TRACEE_PIPE_WRITE);
}
printf("tracee waiting for primary\n");
saw = read(notification[0], buf, 1024);
buf[saw] = '\0';
printf("tracee finished (%s)\n", buf);
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
void start_tracee(void) {
fflush(NULL);
tracee = fork();
if (tracee < 0) {
perror("fork tracee");
exit(EXIT_FORK_TRACEE);
}
if (tracee == 0) {
tracee_main();
exit(EXIT_TRACEE_UNREACHABLE);
}
}
/* Tracer knows tracee, needs tracer pid. */
int main(int argc, char* argv[]) {
int status;
char buf[1024];
int num_written;
if (argc > 1) {
/* Operational states:
* 0: tracer forks tracee.
* 1: tracee calls prctl from main process.
* 2: tracee calls prctl from non-leader thread.
*/
tracee_method = atoi(argv[1]);
}
if (argc > 2) {
/* Operational states:
* 0: ptrace happens from non-leader thread.
* 1: ptrace happens from main process.
*/
main_does_ptrace = atoi(argv[2]) != 0;
}
if (tracee_method != TRACEE_FORKS_FROM_TRACER) {
printf("will issue prctl from %s\n",
tracee_method == TRACEE_CALLS_PRCTL_FROM_MAIN ? "main" : "thread");
} else {
printf("will fork tracee from tracer\n");
}
printf("will issue ptrace from tracer %s\n",
main_does_ptrace ? "main" : "thread");
printf("primary is %d\n", getpid());
if (pipe(notification) < 0) {
perror("pipe");
exit(EXIT_PIPE_NOTIFICATION);
}
if (pipe(pipes) < 0) {
perror("pipe");
exit(EXIT_PIPE_COMMUNICATION);
}
if (tracee_method != TRACEE_FORKS_FROM_TRACER) {
printf("forking tracee from primary\n");
start_tracee();
}
fflush(NULL);
tracer = fork();
if (tracer < 0) {
perror("fork tracer");
exit(EXIT_FORK_TRACER);
}
if (tracer == 0) {
printf("tracer is %d\n", getpid());
if (main_does_ptrace) {
tracer_main(NULL);
} else {
pthread_t thread;
pthread_create(&thread, NULL, tracer_main, NULL);
pthread_join(thread, NULL);
}
exit(EXIT_TRACER_UNREACHABLE);
}
/* Leave the pipes for the tracee and tracer. */
close(pipes[0]);
close(pipes[1]);
/* Close our end of pid notification. */
close(notification[0]);
sprintf(buf, "%d", tracer);
num_written = write(notification[1], buf, strlen(buf));
if (num_written != strlen(buf)) {
perror("tracer write to close pid notification failed");
exit(EXIT_TRACER_PIPE_WRITE);
}
printf("primary waiting for tracer to finish\n");
fflush(NULL);
waitpid(tracer, &status, 0);
printf("primary waiting for tracee to finish\n");
fflush(NULL);
num_written = write(notification[1], "stop", 4);
if (num_written != 4) {
perror("tracer write to stop tracee failed");
exit(EXIT_TRACER_PIPE_WRITE);
}
kill(tracee, SIGCONT); // Just in case.
waitpid(tracee, NULL, 0);
status = WEXITSTATUS(status);
printf("primary saw rc %d from tracer\n", status);
return status;
}