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// Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium OS Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include <set>
#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include <base/memory/scoped_ptr.h>
#include <gtest/gtest.h>
#include "update_engine/action.h"
#include "update_engine/subprocess.h"
#include "update_engine/utils.h"
// These are some handy functions for unittests.
namespace chromeos_update_engine {
// Writes the data passed to path. The file at path will be overwritten if it
// exists. Returns true on success, false otherwise.
bool WriteFileVector(const std::string& path, const std::vector<char>& data);
bool WriteFileString(const std::string& path, const std::string& data);
// Reads a symlink from disk. Returns empty string on failure.
std::string Readlink(const std::string& path);
// Gzip compresses the data passed using the gzip command line program.
// Returns compressed data back.
std::vector<char> GzipCompressData(const std::vector<char>& data);
// Gives back a 512-bytes length array that contains an MBR with
// the first partition is marked bootable.
std::vector<char> GenerateSampleMbr();
bool BindToUnusedLoopDevice(const std::string &filename,
std::string* lo_dev_name_ptr);
// Returns true iff a == b
bool ExpectVectorsEq(const std::vector<char>& a, const std::vector<char>& b);
inline int System(const std::string& cmd) {
return system(cmd.c_str());
void FillWithData(std::vector<char>* buffer);
namespace {
// 300 byte pseudo-random string. Not null terminated.
// This does not gzip compress well.
const unsigned char kRandomString[] = {
0xf2, 0xb7, 0x55, 0x92, 0xea, 0xa6, 0xc9, 0x57,
0xe0, 0xf8, 0xeb, 0x34, 0x93, 0xd9, 0xc4, 0x8f,
0xcb, 0x20, 0xfa, 0x37, 0x4b, 0x40, 0xcf, 0xdc,
0xa5, 0x08, 0x70, 0x89, 0x79, 0x35, 0xe2, 0x3d,
0x56, 0xa4, 0x75, 0x73, 0xa3, 0x6d, 0xd1, 0xd5,
0x26, 0xbb, 0x9c, 0x60, 0xbd, 0x2f, 0x5a, 0xfa,
0xb7, 0xd4, 0x3a, 0x50, 0xa7, 0x6b, 0x3e, 0xfd,
0x61, 0x2b, 0x3a, 0x31, 0x30, 0x13, 0x33, 0x53,
0xdb, 0xd0, 0x32, 0x71, 0x5c, 0x39, 0xed, 0xda,
0xb4, 0x84, 0xca, 0xbc, 0xbd, 0x78, 0x1c, 0x0c,
0xd8, 0x0b, 0x41, 0xe8, 0xe1, 0xe0, 0x41, 0xad,
0x03, 0x12, 0xd3, 0x3d, 0xb8, 0x75, 0x9b, 0xe6,
0xd9, 0x01, 0xd0, 0x87, 0xf4, 0x36, 0xfa, 0xa7,
0x0a, 0xfa, 0xc5, 0x87, 0x65, 0xab, 0x9a, 0x7b,
0xeb, 0x58, 0x23, 0xf0, 0xa8, 0x0a, 0xf2, 0x33,
0x3a, 0xe2, 0xe3, 0x35, 0x74, 0x95, 0xdd, 0x3c,
0x59, 0x5a, 0xd9, 0x52, 0x3a, 0x3c, 0xac, 0xe5,
0x15, 0x87, 0x6d, 0x82, 0xbc, 0xf8, 0x7d, 0xbe,
0xca, 0xd3, 0x2c, 0xd6, 0xec, 0x38, 0xeb, 0xe4,
0x53, 0xb0, 0x4c, 0x3f, 0x39, 0x29, 0xf7, 0xa4,
0x73, 0xa8, 0xcb, 0x32, 0x50, 0x05, 0x8c, 0x1c,
0x1c, 0xca, 0xc9, 0x76, 0x0b, 0x8f, 0x6b, 0x57,
0x1f, 0x24, 0x2b, 0xba, 0x82, 0xba, 0xed, 0x58,
0xd8, 0xbf, 0xec, 0x06, 0x64, 0x52, 0x6a, 0x3f,
0xe4, 0xad, 0xce, 0x84, 0xb4, 0x27, 0x55, 0x14,
0xe3, 0x75, 0x59, 0x73, 0x71, 0x51, 0xea, 0xe8,
0xcc, 0xda, 0x4f, 0x09, 0xaf, 0xa4, 0xbc, 0x0e,
0xa6, 0x1f, 0xe2, 0x3a, 0xf8, 0x96, 0x7d, 0x30,
0x23, 0xc5, 0x12, 0xb5, 0xd8, 0x73, 0x6b, 0x71,
0xab, 0xf1, 0xd7, 0x43, 0x58, 0xa7, 0xc9, 0xf0,
0xe4, 0x85, 0x1c, 0xd6, 0x92, 0x50, 0x2c, 0x98,
0x36, 0xfe, 0x87, 0xaf, 0x43, 0x8f, 0x8f, 0xf5,
0x88, 0x48, 0x18, 0x42, 0xcf, 0x42, 0xc1, 0xa8,
0xe8, 0x05, 0x08, 0xa1, 0x45, 0x70, 0x5b, 0x8c,
0x39, 0x28, 0xab, 0xe9, 0x6b, 0x51, 0xd2, 0xcb,
0x30, 0x04, 0xea, 0x7d, 0x2f, 0x6e, 0x6c, 0x3b,
0x5f, 0x82, 0xd9, 0x5b, 0x89, 0x37, 0x65, 0x65,
0xbe, 0x9f, 0xa3, 0x5d
const char* const kMountPath = "/tmp/UpdateEngineTests_mnt";
} // namespace {}
// Creates an empty ext image.
void CreateEmptyExtImageAtPath(const std::string& path,
size_t size,
int block_size);
// Creates an ext image with some files in it. The paths creates are
// returned in out_paths.
void CreateExtImageAtPath(const std::string& path,
std::vector<std::string>* out_paths);
// Verifies that for each path in paths, it exists in the filesystem under
// parent. Also, verifies that no additional paths are present under parent.
// Also tests properties of various files created by CreateExtImageAtPath().
// Intentionally copies expected_paths.
void VerifyAllPaths(const std::string& parent,
std::set<std::string> expected_paths);
class ScopedLoopbackDeviceBinder {
ScopedLoopbackDeviceBinder(const std::string& file, std::string* dev) {
is_bound_ = BindToUnusedLoopDevice(file, &dev_);
if (is_bound_ && dev)
*dev = dev_;
~ScopedLoopbackDeviceBinder() {
if (!is_bound_)
for (int retry = 0; retry < 5; retry++) {
std::vector<std::string> args;
int return_code = 0;
EXPECT_TRUE(Subprocess::SynchronousExec(args, &return_code, NULL));
if (return_code == 0) {
const std::string &dev() {
return dev_;
bool is_bound() const { return is_bound_; }
std::string dev_;
bool is_bound_;
class ScopedTempFile {
ScopedTempFile() {
unlinker_.reset(new ScopedPathUnlinker(path_));
const std::string& GetPath() { return path_; }
std::string path_;
scoped_ptr<ScopedPathUnlinker> unlinker_;
// Useful actions for test
class NoneType;
template<typename T>
class ObjectFeederAction;
template<typename T>
class ActionTraits<ObjectFeederAction<T> > {
typedef T OutputObjectType;
typedef NoneType InputObjectType;
// This is a simple Action class for testing. It feeds an object into
// another action.
template<typename T>
struct ObjectFeederAction : public Action<ObjectFeederAction<T> > {
typedef NoneType InputObjectType;
typedef T OutputObjectType;
void PerformAction() {
LOG(INFO) << "feeder running!";
if (this->HasOutputPipe()) {
this->processor_->ActionComplete(this, kActionCodeSuccess);
static std::string StaticType() { return "ObjectFeederAction"; }
std::string Type() const { return StaticType(); }
void set_obj(const T& out_obj) {
out_obj_ = out_obj;
T out_obj_;
template<typename T>
class ObjectCollectorAction;
template<typename T>
class ActionTraits<ObjectCollectorAction<T> > {
typedef NoneType OutputObjectType;
typedef T InputObjectType;
// This is a simple Action class for testing. It receives an object from
// another action.
template<typename T>
struct ObjectCollectorAction : public Action<ObjectCollectorAction<T> > {
typedef T InputObjectType;
typedef NoneType OutputObjectType;
void PerformAction() {
LOG(INFO) << "collector running!";
if (this->HasInputObject()) {
object_ = this->GetInputObject();
this->processor_->ActionComplete(this, kActionCodeSuccess);
static std::string StaticType() { return "ObjectCollectorAction"; }
std::string Type() const { return StaticType(); }
const T& object() const { return object_; }
T object_;
class ScopedLoopMounter {
explicit ScopedLoopMounter(const std::string& file_path,
std::string* mnt_path,
unsigned long flags);
// These objects must be destructed in the following order:
// ScopedFilesystemUnmounter (the file system must be unmounted first)
// ScopedLoopbackDeviceBinder (then the loop device can be deleted)
// ScopedDirRemover (then the mount point can be deleted)
scoped_ptr<ScopedDirRemover> dir_remover_;
scoped_ptr<ScopedLoopbackDeviceBinder> loop_binder_;
scoped_ptr<ScopedFilesystemUnmounter> unmounter_;
} // namespace chromeos_update_engine