Chrome sometimes needs to behave differently on different Chrome OS devices. It's preferable to test for the hardware features that you care about directly within Chrome: if you want to do something special on Chromebooks that have accelerometers, just check if an accelerometer device is present.
Sometimes it's not possible to check for these features from within Chrome, though. In that case, the recommended approach is to add a command-line flag to Chrome and update
session_manager to pass it with the appropriate value (if any).
Chrome's command line is constructed by chrome_setup.cc. This file uses the ChromiumCommandBuilder class from
libchromeos-ui to create directories needed by Chrome, configure its environment, and build its command line.
ChromiumCommandBuilder reads a subset of the Portage USE flags that were set when the system was built from
/etc/ui_use_flags.txt; these can be used to determine which flags should be passed. To start using a new USE flag (including a board name), add it to the libchromeos-use-flags ebuild file. (Relegating this file to a tiny dedicated package allows us to use the same prebuilt
chromeos-login packages on devices that have different sets of USE flags.)
Configuration that would apply both to the Chrome browser and to other products that could be built using the Chromium codebase (e.g. a simple shell that runs a dedicated web app) should be placed in
ChromiumCommandBuilder. This includes most compositor- and audio-related flags.
Configuration that is specific to the Chrome browser should instead be placed in chrome_setup.cc. This includes most flags that are implemented within Chrome's
If possible, introduce a new USE flag named after the feature that you‘re adding and set it in the appropriate board overlays rather than making
session_manager examine board USE flags like
eve. Using feature-specific USE flags reduces the number of changes needed to enable the feature for a new board — just set the USE flag in the new board’s overlay. In contrast, if
session_manager contains an expression like this:
if (builder->UseFlagIsSet("samus") || builder->UseFlagIsSet("eve")) builder->AddArgs("--enable-my-feature");
then additionally enabling the feature for
newboard will require:
IUSEin libchromeos-use-flags if it's not there already
session_managerto additionally check for the
With the Unibuild project, the same system image (and hence, board) may be shared by multiple types of devices. Device-specific configuration is performed through additional files that are read by chromeos-config. Modifying device configurations is beyond the scope of this document, but see
SetUpWallpaperFlags in chrome_setup.cc for an example of using
libcros_config to perform per-device configuration.
/etc/chrome_dev.conf can be modified on dev-mode Chrome OS systems (after making the root partition writable) to add or remove flags from Chrome‘s command line or modify Chrome’s environment. The file contains documentation about its format.