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//maintainer: Christo de Klerk
// email: christodeklerk@gmail.com
// tel: +27 11 869 8265
// Alberton, South Africa
// Originally created by Willem van der Walt
// 2-letter groups for:
// aa, an, ba, be, de, ee, en, ge, in, ka, ko, ma, me, mi, mo, on, oo, op, pa, pe, pr, re, se, st, te, tr, ui, ve, vo, we
.group a
_C) a (Cie_ 'A:
ack (_ _^_EN //Jack and others.
@) a (Cisasie %a // fix a sound: akklimatisasie/meganisasie/penalisasie/polarisasie and many similar
@) a (Ciseer %a // fix a sound: akklimatiseer and many similar
@) a (Cisering %a // fix a sound: akklimatisering and many similar
a A:
AC) a (_ %a // short final a in words like: Eva/Pieta/(su)sara
%C) a (_ %a // short final a in words like: Bella/Betta/gogga
&k) a (_ a // short final a in words like: Kafka/wodka
s) ate (l %at@ //satelliet and compounds
C) a (rina %a //unstressed short a in carina tarina etc.
&b) a (_ %a // short final a: mamba and compounds/marimba/hamba
&d) a (_ %a // short, unstressed a after d at end of word: soda/padda... and compounds
i) a (_ %a // a short and unstressed in words ending in ia: laboratoria/millennia
&rm) a (_ %a // shorten a sound: Irma/karma/firma and compounds
&r) a (_ %a // short final a in words ending in -ra: infra/mantra/sentra, etc.
Cbr) a (_ A: // long a: blommetjies-/kantbra
&dr) a (_ A: // exceptwrds ending in -dra: ingedra/oorgedra, etc.
_) a (lA %a //short unstressed a for words starting with Al
i) a (tieC %a //words containing iatief/w short unstressed a
i) a (ties 'A: //words containing iaties has stressed long a
&vr) a (_ A: // and wrds ending in -vra: oorgevra/uitgevra/vasvra, etc.
&t) a (_N %a // short final a: basta/delta/junta/pasta/many names
a (C a
C) a (Csier %a // (ge)finansier/kassier
j) a (pan %a //japan first a sound and stress
C) abie 'A:bi
_) abo (C %abO // move default stress and fix a and o sounds: abominasie/abonnement/aborsie
_) a (bC %a // abdy/ablatief/ablusie/abstrak, etc.
_) a (bba a // restore default stress: (ge)abba/abbamandjie, etc.
abse (s %apsE // fix stress and e sound: abses/-se
abso (lu %aps%u // fix stress, b and o sounds: absolusie/absolute
_) adem A:d@m // fix e sound: ademhaling/ademloos/ademteug
@) adig 'A:d@x2 // misdadiger/gewelddadigheid/kragdadigheid
C) adiu (K A:diW // compounds of stadium/radium/radius
C) a (Cia_ A: // stadia and compounds/Nadia and similar
admi (r %atm%i // move default stress: admiraal and compounds
admi (ssie %atmi // fix stress and i sound: admissie and compounds
adolessen %ad%o@l@sEn // fix stress and vowel sounds: adolessent/-e/-agtig/adolessensie
ad (vies %at // move default stress: advies/-brief/-komitee and many similar
af (gunstig %af // move default stress: afgunstig/-e
aga (pant %ag%a // fix g sound and stress: agapant/-e and compounds
d) age (te ax2_e@ // fix e sound, pause: sondag-/verjaardagete; handle dd: middagete
C) agie A:x2i
a (gitA %a // fix a sound: agitasie/(ge)agiteer
agte (losig %ax2t@ // move default stress: agtelosig/-e/-heid
agter (dogt %ax2t@r // move default stress: agterdogtig and derivatives
agtereen (volg %ax2t@r_%e@n // move default stress: agtereenvolgend/-e/-ens
agter (losig %ax2t@r // move default stress: agterlosig/-e/-heid
agter (oor %ax2t@r_ // move default stress: agteroor/-buig/-druk/-val, etc.
&) agtig 'ax2t@x2 // this string almost always carries stress on a
a (gurkie %a // fix stress and a sound: agurkie/-s and compounds
_C) ali (forni %al@ // stress and vowel sounds: (C/K)alifornië/-niese
ara (bi %arA: // fix 1st a sound and stress: Arabië/Arabies/-e
ara (bier %ar%a // Stress and a sounds: Arabier/-e
C) are (CA A:r@ // e sound: amptenaredom/blaredak/garebiltong/haredos/jarelange
K) ar (puis %ar // fix stress: (h)arpuis and compounds
Cel) ary ar'eI // move default stress: bedelary/bottelary/dobbelary/huigelary/smokkelary...
@@@smokkel) ary %ar%eI // default stress: diamant-/drank-/dwelm-/goud-/kokaïensmokkelary, etc.
amarula %am%arul%a // fix stress and a sounds: amarula and compounds
a (ment %a // shorten a sound: perkament/testament and compounds
_) arendag (CAC %A:r@ntax2 // fix e sound: arendagtig/-e/-heid
arends A:r@nts_ // fix e sound: arendsoog/-kloue/-nes
argen (tA %arx2@n // move default stress: Argentinië/Argentyns/-e
a (riA 'A: // akwarium/barium/estuarium/herbarium/seminaria
a (ristokr %a // shorten 1st a: aristokrasie/-kraat/-krate/-kraties
arm (last %ar@-m // move default stress: armlastig/-e
C) asie 'A:si
@@@@) asie A:s%i
C%C) asie A:si // restore default stress: bok-/dikmelkkasie and similar
oub) asie A:si // restore default stress: oubasie/-s
@form) asie A:si // restore default stress to compounds ending in -formasie: graniet-/grond-/rotsformasie, etc.
gl) asie A:si // restore default stress: wyn-/sjampanjeglasie, etc.
pl) asie A:s%i // restore default stress: gemeenplasies/gemeenskapsplasies and similar
@sp) asie A:s%i // restore default stress: vloer/kantoorspasie/weggooispasie, etc.
Cst) asie A:si // restore default stress: brandweer/spoorwegstasie and similar
AAst) asie A:si // default stress: polisie/radio/televisie/uitsaaistasie, etc.
aspek %aspEk // fix stress and e sound: aspek/-te/-tief and compounds
assosi (A %as%o@S%i // fix stress and s sound: assosiasie/assosieer
a (CAA %a
d) a (goggen %a //saterdagoggend and friends
ah (C A: // lengthen a and drop h: Ahmed/Dahl/Mahler, etc.
a (hle_ A: // Nguni names and words: kahle/pahle
a (Cie A: // apies/middagslapie
a (Cy %a
a (CA A:
aka (de@ %ak@ // (sport-/leierskaps)akademie/akademies/akadeem/akademe
akkedi %ak@dI //akkedis and compounds
akkommo (d %ak%Om@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: akkommodasie/akkommodeer/-derend
a (kkoord %a // move default stress: akkoord/-e and compounds
akku (ra %ak%y // move default stress: akkuraat/akkurate
ako (Ciet %ak%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: akoliet/akoniet and compounds
akro (ba %akr%u // move default: akrobaat/-bate/-baties
ak (syn %ak // move default stress: aksyns and compounds
aktuari (A %akt%y%ar%i // fix stress and vowel sounds: aktuarieel/-ële
akwama (ryn %akw%am%a // move default stress: akwamaryn and compounds
_) a (kwat %a // move default stress: akwaties/-e
akware (l %akw%ar& // fix stress and e sound: akwarel/-le
ae A: //should be A:@ but sounds wrong
t) abel %ab&l //tabelopskrif temperatuurtabel etc.
spekt) abel 'A:b@l // respektabel/-e/-heid/-ste
t) abell %ab&l //tabelle fix double l
w) a (tering A: //watering exception to the rest
C) a (tering %a //short unstressed a before tering formatering etc. except watering
@C) a (tief %a // fix a sound: akkumulatief/negatief and many similar
@m) a (tiek %a // shorten a sound: diplomatiek/dogmatiek/problematiek/sistematiek/-e
tam) a (tiek A: // but fix stress and a sound: tamatiekelkie/-konfyt/-kultivar
@C) a (tiewe %a // fix a sound: konserwatiewe/putatiewe and many similar
_arC) ad (A 'A:d // Arcadia/arkadia/arkade/armada
ai aI
aine (_ _^_FR // words ending in aine are French: Verlainee/migraine, etc.
@) aire (_ _^_FR
adre (K %adrE // fix last e sound of adres as last part of compounds
adrena (li %adr@n%a // fix stress and vowel sounds: adrenalien and compounds
al (baster %al // move default stress: albaster and compounds
al (bino %al // move default stress: albino
alche (mi %alx2%e@ // move default stress: alchemis and derivatives/alchemie
aleksand (ry %al%Eks%and // fix stress and a and d sounds: aleksandryn/-e/-s
alex (a %al%Ekz // Alexander/Alexandra/Alexandria
alfabe (tK alfabE // fix stress and e sound: (vinger)alfabet/-te
alfabe (tA %alf%abe@ // fix stress and e sound: alfabeties/-e/alfabetiseer
alge (ryn %alx2@ // move default stress: Algeryn/-e/-s
alia A:l%i%a // fix stress and a sound: alias/-se/(inter )alia
_) ali (krA al%i // fix vowel sounds: alikreukel/alikruik/alikruk
al (jander %al // move default stress: aljander and compounds
alkohol alk%u%Ol // fix o sounds and drop h: alkohol/-is/-iste/-isme
alkohol (ieK %alk%uho@l // fix stress and 2nd o sound: alkoholies/-e
_) alle (C al@ // alledaags/e/allerhande
alle (mint %al@ // move default stress: allemintig/-e
_) a (llooi %a // move default stress: allooi(metaal/-silwer, etc.)
alma (nak %alm%a // move default stress: almanak/-ke and compounds
alogie alux2'i // genealogie/mineralogie and similar
alogies al'o@x2is // genealogies/mineralogies and similar
aloog al'o@x2 // genealoog/mineraloog and similar
aloë al'u@ // genealoë/mineraloë and similar
_) alom (@ al?Om // shorten a sound: alombekend, etc.
alu (minium %al%u // move stress: aluminium and compounds
_) al (we %al // stress: alweer/alwetend/-heid
amasone %am%aso@n@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: amasone/-rivier/-steen
ammo (niA %amo@ // fix stress and o sound: ammoniak and compounds/ammonium and compounds
_k) a (nA %a //kanon and others
apart %apart // fix stress: (bus-/klein)apartheid
aphro (dit %afr%u // fix stress and ph and o sounds: Aphrodite/-dities
_) a (po %a // apollo/apostel
apo (krieC %ap%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: apokrief/-iewe
a (politi %A: // lengthen a sound: apolitiek/apolities/-e
apolog (A %ap%Ol%ux2 // fix stress and vowel sounds: apologie/apologeer/-gering/-geties/-getika/-geet/-gete
C) ap (oor ap_ // fix stress and a sound: flap-/lap-/pap-/slapoor(hond)
C) ap (ore_ ap_ // fix a sound: flap-/lapore
aposto (lie %ap@sto@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: apostolies/-e
apoka (l %ap%Ok%a // fix stress and vowel sounds: apokalips/apokalipties/-e
appar (A %ap@r // apparaat/apparate and compounds
appli (kant %apl%i // fix stress: applikant/-e
appropri (A %apr%o@pr%i // fix stress and o sound: appropriasie/approprieer/appropriëring
appèl ap'&l
appen (diC %apEn // appendiks/-e/appendix
_) a (pC %a // april/apteek/apteker and compounds
_) app (A ap // restore default stress: appel and compounds
_) appel (ko@ %ap@l // move default stress: appelkoos/-konfyt/appelkose
appe (llA %ap@ // move default stress: appelliefie/-konfyt, etc./appellant/appelleer
arabe (sk %ar%abE // fix stress and vowel sounds: arabesk/-e
area A:ria // are0+a/kiesareas
arena (K+ %are@n%a // fix stress and vowel sounds: arena/-s and any compounds
are (olA %ar%i // fix and e sound: areola/-s
ar (gaï %ar // move default stress: argaïes/-e
arge (tip %arx2@ // move default stress: argetipe/argetipies/-e
arg (list %arx2 // move default stress: arglistig/-e/-heid
ar (moedig %ar // move default stress: armoedig/-e/-heid
arm (salig %ar@-m // move default stress: armsalig/-e/-heid/-ste
_) arte (ri %arte@ // fix stress and e sound: arterie/-ë/-s
_) asbes %asbEs // fix stress and e sound: asbes and many compounds
a (siel %a // shorten a sound and move default stress: asiel and compounds
asse (gaai %as@ // move default stress: assegaai/-e
assu (ran %as%W // move stress: assuransie and compounds
au aU // ??
atten (d at@n // compounds ending in bevattend etc.
attest (A %at%Est // fix stress: attesterend/-e
at (le %at // atleet and compounds
atle (tiek %atl@ // atletiek and compounds
_p) ad (A at //words starting with pad
austra %o@strA:
antering %ante@r@N //hantering in compounds
avon (t ,avOn //avontuur and friends
avontu (rier %av%Ont%y // fix stress: avonturier/-s and compounds
_) af (@P2 'af // afbreek/afdwaal/afdwing
C) afel (@ A:f@l // compounds starting with tafel/ontrafeling/uitrafeling
_) a (ffA %a // move default stress: affêre and compounds/affekteer
a (fflik %a // move default stress: affliksie/-s
affo (dil %af%u // fix stress and o sound: affodil/-le
affro (nt %afr%O // fix stress: affronteer/-tasie
afgee (+ 'afx2e@ // see rule: _) afge (@P4 afx2@
_) afge (@P4 'afx2@ // stress on 1st slb
afgryslik %afx2reIsl@k // move default stress: afgryslik and derivatives vs. afgrys/-e
af (hank %af // move default stress: afhanklik/-e/-heid, etc.
_) af (kerig %af // move stress: afkerig/-e/-heid
_) af (komstig %af // move default stress: afkomstig
afrik (aan %afr%ik // exception to af prefix and move stress to end
afrikane (K %afr%ikA:n@ // move stress to end: Afrikaner and compounds
afrika A:frika //Stress and 1st a sound: Afrika and compounds: Afrikatale/-state...
afro (dit %afr%u // alternate spelling: Afrodite/-dities
af (sigte %af // move default stress: afsigtelik/-e/-heid
af (skuw %af // move default stress: afskuwelik and derivatives vs afsku
afsonderl %afsOn@rl // stress, avoid af_ prefix and -lik suffix: afsonderlik/-e/-heid
afstootl %afsto@tl // move default stress: afstootlik/-e/-heid/-ste
af (sydig %af // fix stress: afsydig/-e/-heid
af (vallig %a // move default stress: afvallig/-e/-es/-heid
afwesig %afve@s@x2 // to steer clear of pre- and suffixes
af (wagten %af // move default stress: afwagtend/-e
agenda %ax2End%a // fix stress and 1st a sound: agenda/-s/-punt, etc.
age (rend %ax2e@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: agerend/-e
a (gonie %a // fix 1st a sound and move default stress: agonies/-e
agonie (_N %ax2%uni // move stress to end: agonie
agter (bak %ax2t@r // fix stress: agterbaks/-e/-heid
_) agter (en ''ax2t@r_ // force stress to 1st slb, insert short pause: agterent/-e
_) agterge (@P7 'ax2t@rx2@
agter (midda %ax2t@r // fix stress: agtermiddag/-s/agtermiddae
agterna ax2t@rn'A: // agterna/-kyk/-loop/-sit/-staar
agter (stall %ax2t@r // move default stress: agterstallig/-e/-heid
agter (uit %ax2t@r? // move default stress: agteruit/-boer/-gang/-ry...
agter (volg %ax2t@r // move default stress: agtervolg/-ers/-ing
_) agt (uur ax2t // restore default stress; exception to "tuur" rule: agtuur and compounds
a (djie aI
aen (tjie AIN
adjie AIci
atjie aIci
st) a (tist a //statistiek and friends
AC) adies 'A:dis // move default stress: nomadies/sporadiese
adjunk adj'WNk
a (dres a' // stress adres/se
// adresseer adrEs'e@r // stress
admini %atm@n@ // administrasie/administratief/administratiewe
agent %ax2Ent
aka (sia %akA: // fix stress and 2nd a sound: akasia/-s and compounds
_) a (ku %a // shorten a sound and move default stress: akute/-r
a (larm %a // shorten 1st a sound and fix stress: alarm and compounds
_) al (ewig %al; // shorten 1st a sound and move default stress: alewig/-e
algemeen 'alx2@m,e@n
a (lisme %a // short unstressed a: kannibalisme and similar
a (liteit %a // short unstressed a before liteit: munisipaliteit and many similar
alleen %ale@n // to handel stress in compounds with alleen
alle (nA %ale@ // fix stress and e sound: allenig and derivatives, eg. allenigheid/allener
aller (gie %al&r // fix stress: allergies/-e
aller (gie_N %al@r // fix stress and 1st e sound: allergie and compounds
_) a (llu %a // move default stress and shorten 1st a sound: allure/-s/alluin
alme (le alm@ // fix 1st e sound: almelee/almelewe
amandel am'and@l // amandel/s/-poeding/-tert...
ambu (l %amb%y // fix stress: ambulans and compounds/ambulant, etc.
_) am (A %am // amorfe/amok/amortisasie/amalgamasie
ambass (ade %amb%as // move default stress: ambassade and compounds
ambassa (deu %amb%as%a // move default stress: ambassadeur and compounds
amer (ik %ame@r // Amerika/Amerikaner
_) am (nA %am // amnestie/amnesie
_) amper amp@r // fix e sound in words like: amperbroekie/amperse/ampertjies
ampi (oen %amp%i // kampioen/sampioen and compounds
amu (CA %am%y // shorten a and move stress: amusant/amuseer/amulet/-te
ano (ni@ %an%u // fix stress and a sound: anoniem/-e/anonimiteit
_) ar (gi %ar // argief and compounds/argiewe
argitek %arx2%itEk // argitek and compounds/argitektuur
_) armes ar?m@s // fix e sound: armes/armesorg
_) ar (om %ar // aroma/aromaties
arres (_ %arEs // arres/huisarres
arre (stA %ar@ // arrestasie/arresteer
arro (g %ar%u // arrogant/-e/arrogansie
ar (seen %ar
arse (na %ars@ // move default stress: arsenaal/arsenale and compounds
arte (fak %art@ // move default stress: artefak/-te
ar (tikel %ar // stress: artikel and compounds
artiku %art%ik%y // stress and vowel sounds: artikulasie/artikuleer
@C) as (_ as // shorten final a of words ending in -as: rigtingvas/jonkmanskas, etc.
_) a (sië A: // fix stress and a sound: Asië/-r/-rs
_) a (strA %a // astrant/astrale/astraal
artille (rie %art@l@ // stress and vowel sounds: artillerie and compounds
asem A:s@m // asemgehaal/asemhaling/asemteug/ontwaseming
askari %askA:r%i // move default stress: askari/-'s
_) as (ke %as // move default stress: askeet/askete/asketies/askese
_) askite %askit@ // fix stress: askites(-punksie/-vog)
a (spersie %a // move default stress: aspersie and compounds
_) aspi (rA %asp%i // move default stress: aspirant/-e and compounds
asse (ssor %asE // fix stress and e sound: assessor/-lid/-lede/-skap
assist %as@st // assistent/e/assisteer
r) assis (K %asIs // rassis/-te/-ties/-me
atel (jee %at@L // fix vowel sounds and stress: ateljee and compounds
C) athe (rina %at@ // Catherina/Katherina
at (lant %at // move default stress: Atlanties/-e/Atlantis
atmo (sfe %atm%O // move default stress: atmosfeer/-feries/-e/atmosfere
atten (C at'En // attent/heid/onattent/attensies
a (tomA %a // fix stress and a sound: atome/(sub)atomies
@) ator (K 'A:tOr // katalisator/diktatorskap and many similar
@) atore (_ at'o@r@ // stress on penultimate: diktatore/kuratore, etc.
@) atories %at'o@ris // stress on -ories: diktatories/organisatories/resperatories, etc.
atrium A:triWm // fix a sound: atrium and compounds
atro (fie %atr%u // fix stress and o sound: (spier)atrofie
attaché _%at%aSe@ // correct pronunciation: (handels-/inligtings-)attaché
attrib (u %atr@b // move default stress: attribuut/bute/attributêr
K) au @U // trauma/-ties/Aucamp/Paul/-a/-us
auer aU@r //Sauer etc. fix au and e sounds in compounds.
augustus %Ox2WstWs
avokado %af%ukA:du // stress and o sounds
avokade %af%ukA:d@ // variant form of avokado
C) a (xA+ a // shorten a before x: taxi and compounds/praxi/saxofoon
ay (_ _^_EN // words ending in ay are English
ays (_ _^_EN // words ending in ays are English
aë (robi %aI // move default stress: aërobies/-e
.group aa
aa A:
aai AI
aam (bors %A:m // move default stress: aamborstig/-e/-heid
aan (bid %A:n // move default stress: aanbid/-ding
aangee (+ 'A:nx2e@ // see rule: _) aange (@P5 A:nx@
_) aange (@P5 'A:nx2@ // added stress mark to ensure stress on aan
aandele A:nde@l@_ // fix e sound: aandeleaansoek/-belegging/-beurs/-mark/-oordrag, etc.
aandoenlik %A:ndunl@k // move default stress: aandoenlik and derivatives, vs. aandoen
aand (rok A:nt_ // fix d sound: aandrok/-ke/-kie
aand (rus A:nt_ // fix d sound: aandrus and compounds
aan (een %A:n? // stress and short break between slbs.: aaneen/-gestrengel
aan (g A:n // aangaan/aangaap/aangroei/aangryp
aan (grensen %A:n // move default stress: aangrensend/-e
aan (grypend %A:n // fix stress: aangrypend/-e
aan (hangig %A:n // move default stress: aanhangig vs. aanhang
aan (hank %A:n // move default stress: aanhanklik/-e/-heid
aan (houden %A:n // move default stress: aanhoudend/-e
aan (lok %A:n // move default stress: aanloklik/-heid
aan (lok_N A:n // restore default stress: aanlok
aan (meldba %A:n // move default stress: aanmeldbaar/-bare/-baarheid
aanneemlik %A:ne@ml@k // move default stress: aanneemlik/-e/-er/-heid/-ste
aannem (A A:ne@m // fix e sound: aanneming/aannemer/aannemeling and compounds
aan (pasba %A:n // move default stress: aanpasbaar/aanpasbare, etc.
aan (sien %A:n // stress on 2nd slb
aan (sien_N 'A:n // stress on 1st slb
aan (skou A:n' // stress aanskou/lik
aan (spreek %A:n // stress on 2nd slb.: aanspreeklik
aan (spreek_N A:n // stress on 1st slb.: aanspreek
aanste (llerig A:nst'& // aanstellerig/-e|-heid
aansterk 'A:nst&rk // aansterk/ing
aan (stAAC %A:n // stress on 2nd slb.: aanstootlik/aansteeklik
aan (stAAC_N A:n // stress on 1st slb.: aanstoot/aansteek
aan (tasb %A:n // stress: (on)aantasbaar/-bare
_) aantel A:nt&l // fix e sound: aantel/-lery
aantreklik %A:ntr&kl@k // move default stress: aantreklik/-heid
aan (trek_N A:n // restore default stress: aantrek
aan (vaar %A:n // aanvaar/de/baar
aan (vallAC %A:n // move default stress: aanvallend/aanvallig/-e
aan (valler A:n // but restore default stress: aanvaller/-s
aan (vank A:n' // stress aanvanklik/e
aan (vullend %A:n // move default stress: aanvullend/-e
aan (vegba %A:n // move default stress: aanvegbaar/-bare/-baarheid
aanwen (d 'A:nvEn // to correct pronunciation of e
aanwen (_ 'A:nvEn // to correct pronunciation of e in aanwen/aanwending
aan (wesig %A:n // move default stress: aanwesig/-e/-es/-heid
aan (djie AIN
aan (tjie AIN
aan (wysende_voorn %A:n // move default stress only in case of aanwysende voornaamwoord/-e
_) aard (o A:rt_ // fix d sound, insert short pause: aardolie/-oppervlak/-te
_) aard (r A:rt // fix d sound: aardroos/aardryk/-skunde
aadjie AIci
aatjie AIci
// The following are experimental nasalisation of aans:
aans (_ 'A~ns
aanse (_ 'A~ns@
.group an
anato (mie %an%at%u // move default stress: anatomie and compounds
anatomies %an%ato@m%is // fix stress: anatomies/-e
an (djie+ aIN
anek (dot %an%Ek // fix stress and vowel sounds: anekdote/-doties
ane (mo %an@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: anemoon/anemone
_) an (A %an //short a at word start
ange (lier %aN@ // angelier/-e and compounds
an (gina %aN // move default stress, fix n/g sounds: angina
_) angl (A %A~Nx2l% // anglikaans/anglisisme/anglofiel
angleer aNle@r // hangleer/slangleer and compounds
angola A~Nx2'o@la //Angola, Angolabos etc.
angol (e %A~Nx2%ul //Angolese etc.
angora %aNgO:r%a // angora(trui-/wol, etc.)
_) ann (a@ %an // move default stress: annaal/annale
g) an (_ _^_EN //if it ends in gan it is English
C) anette (_ %anEt // Janette/Sanette
ano (rak an%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: anorak/-ke
ano (rekC %an%u // fix stress and o sound: anoreksie(leier...)/anorekties/-e
anoma (lie %an%um%a // fix stress and vowel sounds: anomalie/-ë
anomalies %an%umA:lis // fix stress and vowel sounds: anomalies/-e
ansjovi anS''o@f@ // fix stress and o sound: ansjovis/-se/-smeer
an (tjie aIN
_) ana (C ,ana // words starting with ana starts destressed
_) an (emie %an // fix stress and a sound: anemies/-e
C) an (keer %an // move default stress: flankeer/frankeer and derivatives and compounds
ante (nnA %antE // fix stress and e sound: antenna/antenne
_) anti (CP4 %ant%i // anti- prefix: antisepties, etc.
antra (siet %antr%a // move default stress: antrasiet and compounds
@) antrope (_ antr'o@p@ // fix stress: (mis/fil)antrope, etc.
@) antropie (_N antrup'i // fix stress: (mis/fil)antropie, etc.
@) antropie antr'o@pi // fix stress: (mis/fil)antropies/-e
@) antroop antr'o@p // fix stress: (mis/fil)antroop, etc.
// The following are experimental nasalisation of ans
d) ans A~ns
fr) ans A~ns
h) ans A~ns
k) ans A~ns
l) ans A~ns
kr) ans A~ns
.group b
b b
b (b
b (_N p
b (eentjie++ b // exception to "bee" rule: beentjie/-s and compounds
bbe (rr b@ // fix e sound: rubberrand/-ranke/-ring/-roller, etc.
bobbe (j b%Ob@ //fix stress for bobbejaan and friends
boe (ddhi b%u // move default stress: Boedis/-te
bo (grond bo@ // fix 1st o sound: bogronds/-e
_) bo (kle bo@ // fix o sound: bokleed/boklere
bokma (kier b%Okm%a // fix stress and a sound: bokmakierie/-s/-tjie
bom (AA bOm_ // fix a sound, pause: bomaanval/-aard/-eenheid and compounds
bomaans (la bOm_A:ns // fix o sound: bomaanslag/-aanslae
bomaans bo@mA:ns // but fix O sound: bomaans/-e
bonde (C bOnd@ // verbondenheid/bondeldraer/gebondene/saambondelend
boos (aardig b%o@s_ // move default stress: boosaardig/-e/-heid
_) bor (dA@ b%Or // geborduur/bordeel/bordele
borde (r bOrd@ // fix stress and e sound: borderak/-ke
bos (A@ bOs? // bosaap/bosoorlog/bosuil
bo (skrif bo@ // fix o sound: boskrif/-te and compounds
bo (v bo@ // fix o sound: bovlak/-e and similar
bowen bo@v@n' // bowenal/bowendien
braille breI:l_ // braille/-boek/-drukker/-masjien...
brand (a brant_ // fix d sound: brandaltaar/brandarm, etc.
brand (o brant? // brandoefening/brandoffer/sonbrandolie
brand (r brant // fix d sound: sonbrandroom/brandroos, etc.
brasi (li br%asI // BrasiliëBrisiliaan/-s/-e
brav (A br%av // stress and v sound: bravade/bravo
bron (A@ brOn_ // fix o sound, pause: bronaar/-adres/-olie/hulp-/waterbronontwikkeling
bro (sju br%O // move default stress: brosjure/-s and compounds
_) byge (@P4 b'eIx2@
by (kom@ b%eI // bykomende/bykomstige
bibli (oC b@bl%i:% // biblioteek and compounds/biblioteke/bibliofiel/bibliografie...
bidd bId // biddag/aanbidding
_) bid bIt_ // biduur
_) bi (ga b%i // bigamie/-s/-e
bikini b@kini // move default stress: bikini and compounds
bil (j b@l // move default stress: biljet/-te/biljart/biljoen and compounds
billi (k bIl@ // prevent ll: (on)billik/-e/-heid
binne bIn@ // binnekom/binnelandse
bisan (tyn b%is%an // move default stress: Bisantyns/-e
bi (sar b%i // move default stress: bisar/-re
bi (za b%i // move default stress: bizar/-re
blad (A blat_ // fix d sound: blad(aar/-afdruk/-artikel/-ontwerp/-uitleg)
_) bla (me bl%a // fix e sound: blamerend/-e/blamering
bla (tant bl%a // shorten 1st a and move default stress: blatant/-e/-heid
_) blik (A blIk_ // fix i sound: blikaspaai/blikemmer/-s/blikoopmaker/-s/blikoor/blikore
bloe (ddors@ bl%u // bloeddorstig and derivatives, but bloeddors
bloed (skendig bl%ut // move default stress: bloedskendig/-e
bloed (stol bl%ut // move default stress: bloedstollend/-e
_) blo (kka bl%O // move default stress: blokkade/-s and compounds
_) blo (kkeer bl%O // move default stress: (ge)blokkeer/-der, etc.
blom (akker blOm_ // fix O sound, pause: blomakker/-s and compounds
blon (dine bl%On // move default stress: blondine/-s
bly (moed bl%eI // move default stress: blymoedig/-e/-heid
bo (botie b%u // fix stress and 1st o sound: bobotie and compounds
boeke (tK b%ukE //move default stress and fix 2nd e sound: boeket and compounds
boepens b''upe~ns // fix stress, nasal e: boepens and compounds
boere bu:r@ // many compounds with boere
boer (gond b%ur // fix stress: Boergondië/-gondies/-e
boer (in b%ur // move default stress: boerin/-ne
boe (tseer b%u // move default stress: boetseer and compounds
bo (haai b%u // fix stress and o sound: bohaai and compounds
bo (he b%u // fix stress: boheems/boheme
bok (ooi bOk_ // bokooi/e/ribbokooi/boerbokooi
_) bongo bONgu // fix g and o sounds: bongo and compounds: bongotromme
bonsmara b%OnsmA:r%a // move default stress: bonsmarabees/-bul/-koei
bosch (_ bOs // Rondebosch/Stellenbosch
bo (tanie b%o@ // stress on 2nd slb.: botanies/-e
bota (nie_N b%o@t%a // stress on 3rd slb.: botanie
_) bota (niCA bo@t''A: // fix stress: botanikus/botanici
boulevard bul@vard // boulevard/-s
_) bowe b''o@v@ // fix e sound in compounds: boweaards/bowemaans/bowetoon
_) breda br@dA: // move default stress: (van )Breda/Bredasdorp
breidel breId@l // fix e sound: (on)gebreidelde
_) briewe (C br''iv@ // fix stress and e sound: briewekolom/-literatuur/-redakteur/-tas
bril (jant br@l // move default stress: briljant/-e/-heid/-ste
bro (mi br%o@ // fix stress: bromide/bromied(papier)/silwerbromide/ied
bru (ta br%y // move default stress: brutaal/brutale/brutaliteit
buffe (t b%WfE // fix stress and e sound: buffet/-te/buffetete, etc.
buiten (ge b'Yyt@n // buitengewoon/s/buitengewone/buitengemeen
buiten (ste bYyt@n // restore default stress: buitenste/-s
buiten (t bYyt@n // restore default stress: buitentoe/buitentyds
buiten bYyt@n' // buitendien/buitensporig
buite bYyt@ // buitelandse/buitestander/buitewêreld/trekkerbuiteband
bul (ga b%ul // fix stress and u sound: Bulgaarse/Bulgare
bulle (tin b%ul@ // fix stress and u sound: bulletin and compounds
bur (lesk b%Wr // move default stress: burlesk/-e
buro b%yro@ // fix stress and o sound: burohoof and similar
bur (okra b%yr // fix stress for burokraat/-krate/-krasie/-kraties
@) bury (_ _^_EN // words ending in -bury are English: Canterbury/Salisbury/Bradbury...
bybel beIb@l // to correct pronunc. of e in compounds
byder (C@ b%eId@r // byderhand/-s/byderwets
by (een b%eI_ // move default stress: byeen/byeenkoms/-te, etc.
byge (lowi b%eIx2@ // move default stress: bygelowig/-e/-heid
_) by (telP2 b'eI // fix e sound: bytel/-ling/-lery
by (voorb b%eI// move default stress
bywoordeli b%eIvo@rd@l@ // move default stressa: bywoordelik/-e
.group ba
bagasie b@x2A:si // shorten 1st a: bagasie and compounds
@) baarlik b'A:rl@k // move default stress: wonderbaarlik/-e/-heid/-ste
bajone (t b%aj%unE // fix stress and vowel sounds: bajonet/-te and compounds
bakate (l b%ak@t& // fix stress and vowel sounds: bakatel/-le/-letjie
baken bA:k@n // fix e sound: afbakening and compounds
bakte (ri b%akte@ // fix stress and e sound: bakterie/-ë
balalaika b%al%alaIk%a // fix a sounds and stress: balalaika/-s/-musiek
_) bam (boes b%am // move default stress: bamboes/-e/bamboesfluit...
ba (nalA b%a // fix stress and 1st a sound: banale/banaliteit
band (Alier b,and // fix stress and d sound: band(e/o)lier/-e
band (A bant // fix t sound: bandomslag/-ontwerp/-opname
band (e band // fix d sound: bandeverkoper moterbande etc.
band (iet b%and // fix stress and d sound: bandiet/-e and compounds
ba (nier b%a // move default stress: banier/-e and compounds
ban (ket b%aN // move default stress: banket/-te/-saal, etc.
ban (kier b%aN // move default stress: bankier/-s and compounds
ban (krot b%aN // move default stress: bankrot and derivatives
barberton bA:b@rt%On // fix stress and a sound: Barberton/-lelies/-pad
@) ba (ren b'A: // onrusbarend/opsienbarend and derivatives
ba (retK b%a // move default stress and shorten a sound: baret/-te
ba (riton ba // shorten a sound: bariton and compounds
barok bar''Ok_ // fix stress and a sound: barok/-instrumente/-agtig
baro (meter bar%u // fix a and o sounds: barometer and compounds
ba (ron b%a // fix stress and a sound: baron/-ne and compounds
_) ba (sa b%a fix stress and 1st a sound: basalt and compounds
ba (sieli b%a // fix stress and 1st a sound: basielie/-kruit, etc.
basotho b%asut%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: Basotho/-0ponie and similar
basi (s bA:s@ // basis and compounds
basilie b%asil%i // fix a sound and stress: basilie/-kruid, etc.
bastille b%asti:l // Bastille and compounds like Bastilledag
batal (jon b%at%al // shorten 1st a sound, moved stress: bataljon and compounds
ba (tik b%a // fix stress and a sound: batik/-doek/-kuns/-werk
badjie baIci
baba bA:ba
baba (tjie bA:baI // fix 2nd a sound: babatjie/-s
_) bad (A bat_ // shorten a sound, pause: bad-/afloop/artikel/olie/oord/uitloop
bad (r bat // fix d sound: (swem)badrand/badroom
bahama b%ahA:m%a // fix 1st a sound and stress: Bahama/-s and compounds
baklei b@kleI // baklei/er
_) bak (o bak_ // fix a sound and stress: bakoor/bakore
balaklava b%al%aklA:v%a // fix stress, a and v sounds: balaklava and compounds
balaklawa b%al%aklA:v%a // fix stress and a sounds: balaklawa and compounds
ba (lans b%a // move default stress
balan (seer b%al%an // move stress to -eer
ba (ldadig b%a // move default stress: baldadig and derivatives
balhor b%alho@r // move default stress: balhorig and derivatives
ba (ljaar b%a // move default stress: baljaar and derivatives
balju b%aljy // move default stress: balju and compounds
ba (lkon b%a // move default stress: balkon and compounds
ballade b%alA:d@ // move default stress: ballade and compounds
baller (inA b%al@r // move default stress: ballerina/-o and compounds
balle (t b%alE // move default stress: ballet and compounds
ball (etjie+ bal // restore default stress: balletjie/-s
ba (llon b%a // move default stress: ballon and compounds
ballo (t b,alO // move default stress: ballotasie/balloteer
balsem bals@m // correct e sound in derivatives like balseming
bara (k bar'a
bar (bA b%ar // barbaar/barbare and derivatives/barbier and compounds
basi (lisk b%as@ // fix vowel sounds: basilisk/-e and compounds
bastion bastiOn // -tion not English: bastion/-s and compounds
_) bate b''A:t@ // fix stress and e sound: batefinansiering/-portefeulje and many others
batte (ry b%at@ // move default stress: battery/-e and compounds: batterysuur...
.group be
_) be (_ b@ // words broken at end of line: be-
be (amp b@? // fix e sound in compounds ending in beampte
beau b@U //Beaufortwes and others
@) bederw b@d&rv // fix 2nd e sound: pret-/spelbederwer/sedebederwend and many similar
@) beeldig b'e@ld@x2 // denkbeeldig/voorbeeldig
bei (+ beI // beier/beitel
_) be (@P2 b@
@) be (C b@
beige beI:Z // beige(kleurige)
_) beker (C@ b''e@k@r // fix stress and e sounds: bekerhouer/-kompetisie/-tjie/-vormig/-wedstryd/-wenner
beker (C@ be@k@r // fix e sound: Curriebekerwedstryd/-span
beker (AA be@k@r_ // fix stress and e sound: (wêreld)bekereindwedstryd
bene (dy b%e@n@ // fix stress and e sounds: gebenedy/-de
_) ben (ga b%EN // fix stress and n/g sounds: Bengaalse/Bengale
beni (g be@n@ // fix stress and e sound: (swaar/twee/vier)benig, etc.
_) ben (Cien b%En // fix 1st e sound: bensien/benzien and compounds
ber (lyn b%&r // move default stress: Berlyn/-er/-se
ber (serk b@r // fix stress and 1st e sound: berserk/-er
C) be (rsie b'&: //kombersie etc.
bene (r be@n@ //benerig/e
be (C%+ bE // beffie/bessie/bennie/bettie/blombeddings
bek (d b&k // fix e sound: eendbekdier/kortbekdolfyn/rooibekduifie/skinderbekdorp
re) be (lK+ b& // fix e sounds: rebel/-le/-lie
_) be (Cy b@ // bely/beny/betyds
bes (ie_ be@s //sonbesie duinebesie etc.
bes (ies_ be@s //sonbesies duinebesies etc.
son) be (sie be@ // fix e sound in compounds with sonbesie: sonbesiebos, etc.
beste (k b@st& // fix e sound: bestekopname and many compounds of bestek
bed (C bEt
bedjie bE:ici // (ge)bedjie/-s/bababedjie
bed (rand bEt // fix e and first d sounds
be (dr@ b@ // bedremmeld/bedrewe/bedrywig, etc.
bed (t bE // fix e and d sounds: bedtafeltjie/bedtyd
bedw (@ b@dw // bedwing and similar
bed (warm bEt // fix e, d and w sounds: bedwarmer/-s and compounds
bedw (ieg bEtv // fix e, d and w sounds: bedwieg/-ie/-s
bed (woord bEt // fix e, d and w sounds: sterfbedwoord/-e and similar
@) bed (_ bEt // bruidsbed/dubbelbed; many compounds ending in bed
be (de_ be@ // bede/gebede
bedes (_ be@d@s // bedes/seënbedes, etc.
bedel be@d@l // bedel/gebedel/bedelaar
bedeling b@de@l@N //bedeling and compounds
bede (str be@d@ // fix stress and e sounds: bedestring/-e and compounds
bedev be@d@f // bedevaart and compounds
beger (A b@x2e@r // begerig/begerend and compounds
behep b@hEp // fix e sound: mags-/seksbehepte/-heid and similar
bek (f b&k // fix stress and e sound: bekfluitjie/-s/-musiek, etc.
bek (m b&k // fix e sound: geelbekmalmot/langbekmaande/skeerbekmuis
bekk (+ b&k // exception to be (C%+ bE
bek (_ b&k // exception to be (C%+ bE
bek (h b&k // e sound: compounds of bek fld. by h: haasbekhond/skewebekhuisies
bek (s b&k // fix e sound in compounds like vuilbekspeurder/-s
beken b@kEn // 2nd e sound: oorbekend/welbekende
@) beker (_ be@k@r // compounds ending with -beker
@) beker (tjie be@k@r // compounds ending in -bekertjie
r) be (lK b&l // fix e sound: deurbel/oorbel
C) bel (_ b&l // fix e sound: inbel/rondbel/uitbel
CAb) be (l b@ // fix e sound: babbel/dobbel/dubbel/kabbel
bell (+ b&l // inbeller/oorbelle/seepbelle
ju) be (llA b@ // fix e sound: jubellied/-ere
_) bel (C b&l // Belgies/belhamel
bere (_ be@r@ //tediebere pandabere etc.
_) ber (C b&r // fix e sound: Bert/Berta/Bertie/Bertus/berke/-boom
beste (_ bEst@ // fix e sound: beste/allerbeste/naasbeste/-s
beton (C@ b@tOn // split ng sounds: betongebou/-gietsel/-gruis
beton (inC@ b@t'On // fix O sound: betoninrigting/-ingenieur
be (weging b@ // draaibeweging/swaaibeweging
bewende be@v@nd@ // first e pronounced long
bewe (rig be@v@ // fix e sound and stress: bewerig/-e/-heid
bewing be@v@N // (aard)bewing/s
@) bewys b@veIs // "be" in rybewys/lisensiebewys/geboortebewys
bee (+ be@
@) beer (_ b'e@r // absorbeer/inhibeer, etc.
%Ca) beer be@r // restore default stress: pappa-/mammabeer
teddie) beer be@r // restore default stress
ys) beer be@r // restore default stress
bede (Cf b@d& // bederf/bedelf
bende bEnd@ // bende and its many compounds
&b) bende b@nd@ // fix e sound of compounds ending in -hebbende: bewind-/maghebbende
@) bene (_ be@n@
bengel bEN@l // fix stress and e sounds: bengel/-end
bering b'e@r@N // ontbering/inhibering/inkubering
o) bering b@r@N // versobering
C) bering b@r@N // verorbering/versombering
ont) bering be@r@N // fix e sound in compounds like slaapontbering
skrob) bering b'e@r@N // skrobbering
beu (C bY@ // beur/beuke/beul
beuel bY@@l // beuel/-s/-blaser/-tas, etc.
besig be@s@x2
besig (tig b@sIx2 // fix stress and e sound: besigtig/-ing
bessie bEsi
berg b&rx2
berge b&rg@
_) berke b&rk@ // fix 2nd e in compoundslike: berketonnel
besem be@s@m
besering =b@se@r@N // besering/s/kniebesering...
bete (_ be@t@ // fix stress and e sound: (af)gebete/diabete
dia) betes (@ be@t@s // fix stress and e sound: diabetisleier/-middel, etc.
beter b'e@t@r
beties be@tis // fix e sounds: diabeties/-e
betlehe (m bEtl%i%E // fix stress and vowel sounds: Betlehem/-mer
bewe (knie be@v@ // fix 1st e sound and stress: beweknie/-ë
bewe (lip be@v@ // fix 1st e sound and stress: bewelip/-pe
bewe (rasie be@v@ // fix e sounds: bewerasie/-siekte
.group c
c k
c (c
calamari k%al%amA:r%i // fix stress and a sounds: calamari and compounds
cal (vA k%al // move default stress: Calvinia/Calvyn/-se
c (e s
c (i s
c (y s
ce (_ _^_EN // words ending in ce are English
cen (taurA s%En // move default stress: Centauri/Centaurus
ch x2
_) ch x2
chalet S%aleI // chalet/-s/bergchalet
cha (risma k%a // fix stress and ch and 1st a sounds: charismaties/-e
chau (C S%@U // chauffeer/chauffeur/-s/chauvinis/-me/-ties
cheddar tSEd@r // fix ch and a sounds: cheddar(kaas)
chemika (li x2%e@m%ikA: // for compounds of chemikalieë
cholera ko@l@ra_ // fix e sound: cholera/-epidemie and similarcompounds
cholesterol k%OlEst@-r%Ol // cholesterol and many compounds
chore (ogra k%Or%i // fix stress and vowel sounds: choreografie and derivatives
ch (l k // chloor and compounds
ch (ro k
chat _^_EN
ck k // ck pronounced as single k sound
@) ci (_ s'i // plurals ending in -ci
@) cel (_ _^_EN // words ending in cel is English
@) cle (_ _^_EN // words ending in cle is English
cliché kl%iSe@ // cliché/-s
chirurg S@rWrx2
chirurg (ie_N S@r%Wrx2 // stress to end: chirurgie
_) ci (prA si // fix i sound: Ciprus/Ciprioties/-e
coke k@Uk // coke/cokebottel/cokeblikkie and similar
colombi (a@ k%Ol%Omb%i // fix stress and o sounds: Colombiaan/-ane/-aanse
corne (li kOrn''e@ // move default stress: Cornelia/Cornelis/Cornelius
cy (_ _^_EN // words ending in cy are English
cy (rillie s@ // fix y sound and stress: cyrillies/-e
chin (e S%in //chinees, chinese
.group d
d d
d (d
dd d // gladde/midde/kudde/opskudding
ddh d // Boeddha/boeddhisme
@) d (raam t // fix d sound: draad-/skilpad-/standaardraam and compounds
daad (werk d%A:t // move default stress: daadwerklik/-e
daaren (te d%A:r@n // fix stress and e sound: daarenteen/daarenteë
daarop (v d%A:r%Op // move default stress: daaropvolgend/-e
aan) dag (tig d'ax2 // accent on dag
A) d (agtig t_ // fix d sound in words like oerwoudagtig and similar
dag (ou dax2_ // fix stress, insert pause: dagoudkind/-kuiken/s, etc.
daniël dA:ni@l // fix stress: Daniël(skuil)
dani (gh d'A:n@ // -hoedanigheid/hoedanighede/onderdanigheid
@) dant d'ant // dant takes stress: kommandant/pruimedant
@) dderd (_ d@rt // ontredderd, se rule: dd d
@) d (eien t_ // fix d sound, pause: grond-/land-/landgoedeienaar/eiendom
@) d (einde_ t_ // fix d sound: maand-/noord-/suideinde
@) d (eis t_ // fix d sound, insert pause: skuldeiser/grondeise and many compounds
dge (_ _^_EN // words ending in -dge are English: Cambridge/Hambidge...
dia (C d%i%a // diabeet/diafragma/diagnose/dialek/dialoog/diamant
diaken d%iA:k@n // diaken and compounds
diako (nie d%i%ak%u // fix stress and o sound: diakonie/-ë
diende dind@ // fix last e sound in many compounds of bediende: bediendekamer
diens (willi d%ins // move default stress: dienswillig/-e/-heid
dieper (@ dip@r // fix e sound: diepere/dieperliggend/-e
digi (ta d%ix2%i // move default stress: digitaal/digitale
di (gK dI // force default stress: GEDIG/-TE/digbundel/digvorm, etc.
digtere (K d@x2t@rE // move default stress: digteres/-se
dik (vell d@k // move default stress: dikvellig/-e/-heid
dilemma d@lEma // dilemma and compounds
dimen (si d@mEn // fix stress and 1st i sound: (ontwikkelings)dimensie, etc./-dimensioneel/-ele
di (namie d%i // move default stress: dinamies/-e
dina (miek d%in%a // fix stress and a sound: dinamiek and compounds
dina (miet d%in%a // stress to 3rd slb.: dinamiet and compounds
dina (stie d%in%a // move default stress: dinastie/-ë
skan) dina d@n'A: //skandinawiese etc.
di (nee d@ // fix stress and i sound: dinee and compounds
dingaan d@NgA:n // fix stress and g sound: Dingaan(sdag)
@) d (inhou t_ // fix d sound: bloed-/goud-/saad-/standaard-/woordinhoud
dino (sou d%in%u // move default stress: dinosourus/-se and compounds
di (ploma d@ // move default stress: diploma/-s and compounds/diplomaat
diplo (mat d@pl%u // fix stress and o sound: (handels-/top)diplomate, etc./diplomaties
direk d%irEk // direk/-sie/-te/-theid/indirek...
dirig (e d@r@x2 // fix stress and i sounds: dirigeer/dirigent and compounds
_) dis (inP3 d@s // disintegrasie/disinvestering and similar
dis (koers d@s // move default stress: diskoers/-e
diskre (s d@skrE // fix stress and e sound: diskresie/diskresionêre
_) dis (kre d@s // move default stress: diskreet/-heid/-ste/diskrete
_) dis (kussA d@s // move default stress: diskussie/-s/diskusseer
dis (loja d@s // move default stress: dislojaal/-lojale/-lojaliteit
_) dis (oP3 d@s // disorganisasie/disoriënteer
dis (pu d@s // move default stress: dispuut/dispute
distro (fie d@str%u // fix stress and o sound: (spier)distrofie, etc.
divide (nd d@v@dE //dividende etc.
d (_ t //
dj c // palatal stop
_) dj dZ // regional: djy/djou/djulle, etc.
d (_dN // next word starts with d, drop the d
@) dge (_ _^_EN //words ending in dge is English
_) dames d'A:m@s // numerous compounds with dames
kandi) date (C dA:t@ // fix e sound: kandidatelys/-te/-poel
digers d@x2@rs
di (ssi d@ // move default stress: dissipel/-s
dissipel (in d@s%ip@l // fix stress and e sound: dissipelin/-ne
dissipline (K d@s@plin@ // fix stress and e sound: dissipline/-s/dissiplinebeleid, etc.
distri (bu d@str@ // distribusie/distribueer and compounds
_) dis (t d@s // stress: distrik/-te and compounds/distansie/distinksie/distorsie/distraksie
distel dIst@l // restore default stress: distel and compounds
di (visie d@ // fix 1st i sound: divisie/-s and compounds
_) dode d'o@d@ //dodelik dodemars etc.
doel (tref d%ul // move default stress: doeltreffend/-e/-ste
doktor (K dOkt@r // make 2nd o schwa: doktor/doktorsgraad
doku dOky
dol (fyn d%Ol // move default stress: dolfyn/-e and compounds
dolo (miet d%Ol@ // fix stress and o sounds: dolomiet and compounds
dol (os dOl // fix 1st o sound: dolos/-se/dolosgooier
dominee (_ d'o@m@ni
domin (A d%Om%in // domineer/dominering/dominasie
domini (ka d%Om%in%i // fix stress and o sound: dominikaan/-s/-se/dominikane
_) dom (ACC dOm // fix o sound: domastrant/domonnosel and derivatives
donga dONga // fix g sound: donga/-s and compounds
dosi (s do@s@ // fix stress: (oor)dosis/-se; excep. to rule of stress on -is
@) d (C t // oudste/benoudste/goudstad/steeds/Sweeds
ge) dw dw// fix d sound: rondgedwaal/deurgedwarrel/deurgedwing, etc.
m) dw dw // fix d sound: omdwaal/omdwing/rymdwang/sisteemdwang
@) ds (_ ts // fix d sound of wrds ending in -ds: buitentyds, etc.
hon) d (C t // fix d sound: hondriem/-reuk/-ruik
oo) d (r t // fix d sound: broodrooster/doodryp/loodreg/noodroep
win) d (r t // fix d sound: windrigting/-s and compounds/windreën
@) d (ruim t // fix d sound: end-/pad-/voorraadruimte/tydruimtelik
p) d (C d // oopdwing/koopdwang
ver) d (C d // verdwyn; see rule: @) d (C t
@) dd d // beddens/bedding
@n) d (ete_ t // aandete/oggendete
@) d (eteC_ t // aand-/oggendetes/grondeter
djie ci // bokbaardjie/bordjie/boordjie/perdjie/tydjie
doeane d%uA:n@ // fix stress and e sound: doeane(-beampte/-gelde/-kantoor...)
dopa (mi d%o@p%a // fix stress and a sound: dopamien and compounds
do (ssier d%O // move default stress: dossier/-e and compounds
@) d (r d // but oordrewe/oordrom
san) d (r t // fix d sound: sandrif/-randjie/-rivier/-ruiter
han) d (r t // fix d sound: handreiking/-reling/-rug
oe) d (r t // bloedrooi/bloedryk/hoedrand/invloedryk
toe) d (r d // but: toedrag/toedraai
drama (turg dr%A:m%a // fix stress and 2nd a sound: dramaturg/-e
_) dra (st drA: // long a: drasterkte/-stoel/-stok/-stukke, etc.
dra (stie dra // short a: drasties/-e
d (riem_ t // fix t sound: gordriem/halsbandriem
dril (A drIl // fix i sound when vowel follows dril: driloefening/-opleiding
droef (gees dr%uf // move default stress: droefgeestig/-e/-er/-ste/-heid
@) d (roos t // fix d sound: draadrooster/maand-/strand-/veldroos
@) d (rose_ t // fix d sound: maand-/strand-/veldrose
@) d (rosie t // fix d sound: maand-/strand-/veldrosie/-s
_) drukke (ry dr%Wk@ // move default stress: drukkery and compounds
@) d (t // drop d: breedte/handtekening/rondte/rondtrek...
_) du (bai d%u // unstressed and corrected u in Dubai/-er
du (et d%u:w // fix stress and -ue-sound: (klavier)duet/-te, etc.
@n) d (uit t_ // fix d sound and insert short break: enduit/handuit and similar
verby) dw dw // fix d sound: verbydwarrel/-dwaal/-dwing
dwelm (_ dw&l@-m // fix d and e sounds in compounds like wonderdwelm
dw (erg dw // fix d sound: tuindwerg/-e/-ie
@) dwes tv'Es // noordwes/te/lik/e suidwes/te/lik/e
@) dwese tve@s@ // leedwese/vakbondwese
@) dwillig tv'Il@x2 // d sound and stress: kwaadwillig/bereidwillig
oo) d (A t? // fix d in compounds starting with brood/dood/lood/nood... followed by vowel
karoo) d d // but Karoodorp/Karoodoring/Karoodistrik, etc.
du (pliC du // duplikaat/dupliseer
duvet d%uveI: // duvet/-s/duvetoortreksel, etc.
@) d (yster t_ // fix d sound, pause: bind-/brand-/vuurherd-/smeedyster...
.group de
de (flasi d%e@ // fix e sound: deflasie(beleid)/deflasionêr/deflasionisties
de (gradA d,e@ // fix e sound: degradasie/degradeer/-ering
de (hidr d%e@ // fix stress and e sound: (ge)dehidreer/dehidrasie
de (kaan d@ // fix stress and e sound: dekaan/-skap
de (kane d@ // fix stress and 1st e sound: (universiteits)dekane
or) de (kA d@ // fix e sound: middelordekolwer/fjordekus
_) de (klass de@ // deklassifikasie/gedeklassifiseer
de (klinA d%E // fix 1st e sound: deklinasie/deklineer/-nering and compounds
@) de (kontrak d@ // fix e sound: huweliksvoorwaardekontrak/te
de (krimina d%e@ // fix e sound: (ge)dekriminaliseer/dekriminalisering, etc.
de (laan d@ // fix e sound: tweede-/derde-/vierdelaan...
kun) dele (K d@lE // fix e sounds: Aardryks-/wiskundeles/-se, etc.
onder) dele (@ de@l@_ // fix e sound: onderdelebedryf/-pakhuis, etc.
voor) dele (@ de@l@_ // fix e sound: voordelefonds and similar
_) dele (gA d@l@ // fix stress and e sounds: delegeer/delegasie
@) de (ment d@ // fix e sound: amendement/bombardement/rendement
de (moCr d%E // demokraat/demokrasie/-ë/demokraties/demografie
demone d%imo@n@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: demone and compounds, eg. demonegeloof
de (moon d%i // fix stress and e sound: demoon and compounds
dekade (n dEkad'E
dekade (s dEk'A:d@
dekant (_ d@kant //try fix suidekant
de (kre d@ // fix stress and 1st e sound: dekreet/dekrete
_) deli (ka d%El%i // delikaat/delikate
delika (tess d%El%ik%a // move default stress: delikatesse/-s
deli (rium d@lI // fix stress and vowel sounds: delirium and compounds
delphinium d%&lfini;Wm // fix stress and ph sound: delphinium and compounds
@) dend (er d@nd // beduidender/behoudender
_) den (dri d%En // dendriet/-e/dendrities/-e
@) dend (ste d@nt // beduidendste/behoudendste
&) de (ne_ d@ // fix penultimate e sound: af-/uitgetredenes/aangehoudenes and similar
_) denim d''En@m // fix e sound in denim and compounds
&) denis d@n@s // geskiedenisboek/kultuurgeskiedenis/belydenis/beduidenis
denk dENk // fix e sound: bronsgedenkbeeld/nadenke/teenbedenking/vrydenker
denken (d d''ENk@n // fix stress and e sound: anders-/edel-/na-/vry-/weldenkend
@) dente (@ dEnt@ // fix connecting e in compounds like studenteoptog/-opvoering
deodo (rant d%i%ud%u // fix vowel sounds and stress: deodorant/-e and compounds
de (press d%i // depressie/depressief/depressiewe
de (puta d%E // fix e sound: deputasie/-s and compounds
@) derd (_ d@rt // verouderd/afgesonderd/gevorderd
_) derde (K d&:rd@ // fix 2nd e sound: derdemag/derdepartyversekering and similar
twee) derde d&:rd@ // fix e sounds: tweederdemeerderheid/-deel
_) der (duiC d%&r // move default stress: derduisende/derduiwel
@C) derm (K d&r@-m // fix e sound of derm in compounds: nersdermklier/slukdermsiekte, etc.
_) derge d&rx2@ // dergelik/-e
@) de (rosie t_%e@ // fix e sound, pause: winderosie/tyderosie and similar
desibel dEsib&l // fix vowel sounds: desibel/-s
de (skun d%E //deskundig/e in compounds
_) des (po d%Es // move default stress: despoot/despote
_) destabili (s d%e@st%ab%il%i // fix vowel sounds: destabilisasie/-seer/-sering
de (strukt d%e@ // fix e sound: destruktief/destruktiewe
deto (nA d%Et%u // fix e and o sounds and stress: detonasie/detoneer/detonering
deur (aar d%y@r_ // move default stress: deuraar/-de
deur (bo d%Y@r // move default stress: deurboor/deurborende
deur (dag d%Y@r // move default stress: (on)deurdag/-te/-theid
deur (drenk d%y@r // move default stress: deurdrenk/-te
deur (dring@ d%y@r // move default stress: deurdringend/-e
deur (grond d%y@r // move default stress: (on)deurgrond/-elik/-e/-heid
deur (leef d%y@r // move default stress: deurleef/-de
deur (lop@ d%y@r // move default stress: deurlopend/-e
deur (lugt d%y@r // move default stress: deurlugtig/-e/-heid
deur (priem d%Y@r // move default stress: deurpriem/-de
deur (reis d%Y@r // move default stress: deurreis
deur (sigt d%y@r // move default stress: deursigtig/-e
deur (skynA d%Y@r // move default stress: deurskynend/-e
deur (skynde d%Y@r // move default stress: deurskynde
deur (soek d%Y@r // move default stress: deursoek/-ing
deurspek d%y@rspEk // fix stress and 2nd e: deurspek/-te
deur (trapt d%y@r // move default stress: deurtrapte/-s
deur (waaid d%Y@r // move default stress: deurwaaid/-e
deur (weeC d%y@r // move default stress: deurweef/deurweek/-te
deur (winter d%y@r // move default stress: deurwinter/-de
dewe (tK d@vE // fix stress and vowel sounds: Groepsgebiedewet/Dewetsdorp/-hof
de (bA d@ // debat/-te/debakel/waardebepaling
deba (tteer d@b%a // move default stress to end: debatteer
debi (te d%Eb%i // fix stress and e sound: debiteer/debiteur/debitering
debu (ta d%Eb%y // fix stress and e sound: debutant/-e and compounds
debu (te@ d%Eb%y // fix stress and e sound: debuteer/debutering
debuut d@byt // debuut/-bundel/-vertoning
dee (moedig d%e@ // move default stress: deemoedig/-e/-er/-ste/-heid/-ing
desember d%e@sEmb@r
deloos d@lo@s
delos d@lo@s
// &C) dele (_ de@l@
departe (ment d@p%art@
deposito d@po@situ // stress and vowel sounds: deposito and compounds
depot (_ dEp%u // fix vowel sounds, drop t: (bus-/goedere)depot/-s, etc.
detail d'i:teIl
detai (lleer d%i:t%eI // fix stress: (ge)detailleer(d/-e)
.group e
e e@
e (C E
CAC) e (CC @ // fix e sound: nalatenskap/wapenstilstand
CAC) e (C% E // beesfilette/nougesette/onderbesette/voortgesette
blind) e (C@ @ // fix e sound in compounds like: blindekol/-mol/-wese
_eend) e (CA @ // fix e sound: eendedam/-dans/-kuil/-pastei...
_eend) e (lig e@ // but: eendelig/-e/-heid
@C) elys @leIs // fix e sound: beskuldigde-/debiteure-/dividende-/geskenkelys
_meid) e (C @ // fix e sound: meidekamer/-naaier/-praatjies
pous) e (C @ // fix e sound: pousebrood/-klok/-tyd, etc.
_siel) e (@ @ // fix e sound: sielesmart/-troos/-wroeging...
_siel) e (tjie %i // but: sieletjie/-s
vreugd) e (C @ // fix e sound: vreugdefees/-klokkies/-lied/-tyd...
vriend) e (C @ // fix e sound: vriendepaar/-woorde
juwel) e (C @ // fix e sound: juwelekissie and similar compounds
fontein) e (C @_ // fix e sound: Fonteinesirkel/-wisselaar, etc.
kening) e (@ @ // fix e sound: rekeningeklerk/-navraag and similar
narkos) e (C @ // fix e sound: narkosedood/-gas/-masker/-middel/-rekords, etc.
ooi) e (C @ // fix e sound: dooiepunt/ooievaar and similar
skew) e (C @ // fix e sound: skewekop/-mond
trol) e (C@ @ // fix e sound in compounds: kontrolebank/-doeleindes/-kamer/-lys/-maatreël/-rekening...
voorrad) e (C @ // fix e sound: voorradedepot/-konvooi and similar
@C) e (aCC @_ // fix e sound: doodseise-/manne-/ongevalle-/troepeafdeling/slakkeafval/handearbeid
C) e (marie @ //anemarie, lisemarie etc.
n) eke (_ @k@ //anneke Heineke etc.
eku (menie %Ek%y // fix stress and e sound: ekumenies/-e
@k) e (raad @ // fix e sound: lekeraadslid/praktykeraad
CACp) e (rl @ // fix e sound: werperligte/wimperloos
CAC) e (rr @ // fix e sound: koperring/-rooi/nederryn/somerreën/-rok/superrealis/syferrekenaar...
@C) e (reekK @ // fix e sound: duine-/rotsereeks
aai) e (C @ // fix e sound: baaierd/waaierstert/paaiement/compounds starting with baaiers-
lat) eres @r@s //lateres
@C) erm (K &r@-m // a catch-all for words ending in -erm(s)
fp) ers (_ &rs // fix e sound: dof-/gif-/olyf-/tydskrifpers, etc.
bloup) ers &:rs // fix e sound: bloupers
iew) ers (ter @rs // fix e sound: (l)iewerster
treil) e (rC @ // fix e sound: (vis)treilerkaptein/-wrak and similar compounds
dehands) e (C@ @ // fix e sound: tweedehandsemotorhandelaar/-winkel, etc.
goeder) e (@ @ // fix e sound: goederekapitaal/-kantoor/-loods/-mark/-omset/-reg
hond) e (@ @_ // fix e sound: hondebloed/-oor/-trou, etc.
kod) e (C @ // fix e sound: kodenommer/kodetaal/kodewoord, etc.
Cond) e (CA @ // blondekop/geskondenes/hondebelasting and many compounds/sondebok/sondelas
lop) er (A @r_ // fix e sounds in compounds of loper followed by vowel: loperaanval, etc.
mineral) e (C @ // fix e sound: mineraleregte/-ryk(dom)/-sake, etc.
naald) e (C @ // fix e sound: naaldekoker/-kussing/-werk, etc.
noord) e (C @ // fix e sound: noordewind and compounds
Colw) e (C @ // fix e sound: golweslag/wolwedans
bolw) e (rk_ & // exception to above: fix e sound: bolwerk and compounds
ros) e (CA @ // fix e sound: rosegeur/roseweg
slang) e (C @ // fix e sound: slangebesweerder/-diens/-draer/-gebroedsel/-kuil/-teelt
speld) e (C @ // fix e sound: speldekop/-kussing/-punt, etc.
spok) e (C @ // fix e sound: compounds beginning with spoke: spokebeeld/-lywe/-dans
styw) e (C @ // fix e sound: stywepas/stywesiek/-te
blak) e (r @ // fix e sound: blakerend/-e/blakering
rm) e (rtjie @ // fix e sound: beskermertjie/hervormertjie/verwarmertjie and similiar diminutives
skilf) e (r @ // fix e sound: skilferagtig/skilferdeeg/-kors/afgeskilferde/verskilfering
syf) e (r @ // fix e sound: (be-/in-/ont-/uitsyfering
@C) erf (_ &rf // fix e sound: bokerf and similar
@C) erwe (_ &rv@ // fix e sound: plurals: randerwe and similar
CAw) e (rkK & // fix e sound: deurgewerk/-te; exception to: CAC) e (CC
CAp) e (rkC @ // fix e sound: hiperkrities/koperkleurig/koperknope
CAw) e (rkA & // buitewerker/bywerking/genadewerking/grondbewerking/klerewerker/nawerking...
yw) e (rA @ // fix e sound: beywering/skryweragtig
_) e (rosie %e@ // move default stress: erosie and compounds
Cien) e (rC@ @ // fix e sound: opsienersamp/tienerstatus and many similar compounds
@) erts (_ _&rts // fix e sound of many compounds ending in erts
@p) e (rtjie @ // fix e sound: helpertjies/wegkruipertjie
@C) e (maal_ @ // fix e sound: enemaal/telkemaal
C) e (maat @ // fix e sound: onderdele-/platemaatskappy and similar
@C) e (male_ @ // fix e sound: enemale/telkemale
C) e (man @ // e sound: briewemandjie/derdemannetjie/dowemansdeur/semantiek/semanties/Weideman
C) e (mm++ E // geelkoperemmer/wateremmer
CAnn) e (CA @ // banneling/sinnebeeld/spinnekop/-rak
ies) e (b @ // fix e sound: dinamiesebinding/ekonomiesebemagtiging
&At) e (bA@ @ // fix e sound: batebestuur/sekuriteitebeurs/soldatebbaadjie/geslotebaan, etc.
Aw) e (bA @ // fix e sound: briewebesteller/diewebende/newebedoeling/skewebek/stywebeen
@d) e (bl @ // fix e sound: huldeblyk/-e/lindeblom/maagdebloeisel
@C) e (bo @ // compounds with boek/boer/boog/boom/bol/bord/borsel/bos/ grondbonebotter/kamdebo...
@C) e (bu @ // briewebus/ereburger/novellebundel/urinebuis/woedebui
@C) e (by @ // fix e sound: statebybel/-s
_) edel e@d@l // fix 2nd e sound: edelgas/-steen/-stene/-metaal and many similar
ies) e (f @ // fix e sound: mediesefondsbetaling/-bydrae and similar
_) epi (C %Ep%i //episode and others
epou (let %Ep%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: epoulet/-te and compounds
halw) e (K @ // fix e sound: halwemaan/halwerweë/halwes
liefd) e (C @ // fix e in compounds starting with liefde: -blyk/-daad/-diens/-gawe/-groete/-werk, etc.
@C) edans @dA~ns // fix e sound: elwe-/klompe-/volkspele-/windedans/-e/-er
@C) e (dien @ // fix e sound: afgodedienaar/bode-/briewe-/geheime-/logistieke-/vriendediens/-te
mal) e (dy @ // fix e sound: vermaledy/-de and other derivatives
sp) e (d @ // ekspedisie/gaspedaal/kwispedoor
@C) ederm @d&r@-m_ // fix e sounds: blindederm/-ontsteking/-operasie, etc.
Cev) e (gK & // fix e sound in compounds like buitegevegstelling/skietgevegte/boerevegters
@C) e (gd+ & // fix e sound: bloot-/selfopgelegde/boeregesegde
@C) e (geC@ @ // fix e sound: Alpegebied/ambassadegebou/morfinegebruik, etc.
&C) e (ganger @ // fix e sound in compounds like sinodeganger/-s
@w) e (gende e@ // but: rond-/snel-/self-/traag-/voort-/vrybewegende
CAC) e (gg & // fix e sound: bylegging/delgingsfondsbelegging/langtermynbelegging
And) e (lC @ // fix e sound: swendelfirma/vaandeldraer and similar
_ad) e (lC @ // fix e sound: adelbors/-trots/-stand, etc.
Cing) e (lA @ // fix e sound: dwingeland/klingeling/kringelend/tingeling
Cing) e (lC@ @ // fix e sound: stingelblare/-deel/-groente/-lit.../swingelboor/-hout/-pomp...
maand) e (lA @ // fix e sound: (twee)maandelikse/maandelange
KeuC) e (lC@ @ // fix e sound: euweldaad/kneukelbeentjie/kreupelsorg/onkreukelbaar...
@mp) e (lC@ @ // fix e sound: dompeldoop/-koker/-verwarmer/drumpeltrapper/pampelmoes/rimpelpapier...
@k) e (lde_ @ // fix e sound: gekronkelde/(ge/ver)kreukelde
mp) e (lde_ @ // fix e sound: gemompelde/oorrompelde/verskrompelde and similar
Ap) e (ling @ // fix e sound: skepeling/compounds of sypeling
@C) e (lk_+ & // fix e sound: many compounds ending in kelk/melk
@C) e (lke_ & // fix e sound: many compounds ending in -elke: blomkelke, etc.
uiC) e (K+ @ // fix e sound in wrds like: bruidegom/druipeling/duinebesie/duisendpoot/kruisement...
yd) e (l @ //ydel e sound in compounds verydeling
C) e (pad @ // fix e sound: (af/op)draandepad/hasepad
C) e (pan @ //fix e sound: instrumentepaneel/kolepan/liefdepand
@C) eps (+ Eps // fix e sound: biseps/triseps and similar
Celm) e (tK @ // fix e sound: helmet/pelmet and compounds
@C) e (taal @ // fix e sound: ape-/burokrate-/diewe-/engele-/gode-/leke-/siele-/skoliere-/tweetaal...
Cd) e (tr @ // fix e sound: teveldetrekking/vreugdetraan/voogdetrust/waardetrust
@k) e (tt@+ E // menseketting/etikette
sp) e (lonk @ // spelonk/rowerspelonk/spelonkagtig etc.
@C) e (rh @ //donkerheid/kweperheining/nywerhede/pantserhemp/klapperhaar/suikerhandel/hamerhou
p) e (talje @ // fix stress and 1st e sound: petalje and compounds
l) e (moen @ //fix lemoen and compounds
Cy) e (C+ @ // fix connecting e sound in compounds like byekorf/skilderyemuseum, etc.
effe (kleur Ef@ // fix stress and 2nd e sound: effekleur(ig/-e)
eier eI@r // eiergeel/eierwit/leierfiguur/leiergroep
@C) ei (land _,eI // insert short pause: skiereiland and many -eiland compounds
@) ei (sen _'eI // (on)veeleisend/spoedeisend
mang) el (A @l_ // fix e sound, pause: mangelontsteking/-operasie and similar
r) ei (sen 'eI // rondreisend
C) e (h @ // alpehoring/beukehout/briewehoof/hondehok/tehuis...
C) e (hle_+ E: // Nguni names: Mokhehle/mpehle/phehle
@C) e (j @ // fix e sound: platejoggie/finalejaarstudent/heksejag/tweedejaar...
Cand) e (C @ // handelaar/handelsmerk/handelsware and similar/handegeklap/handewerk/wandelend
_) e (mi %E
oek) e (C @ // besoekersgetalle/boekekennis/boekenhout/koekepan/snoekerspeler/woekerwet
C) e (rj @' // fieterjasies/kerjakker
aw) e (C@ @ // aweregs/dawerend and compounds of dawer/drawertjie/hawer and compounds/hawe and comp.
e (CA e@
CCan) e (CA @ // swanepoel/swanesang/tranedal
XCier) e (@ @ // dieresorg/-lewe..., many compounds/PIEREWAAI/-ER
mier) eter _e@t@r // fix e sound and short pause: (rys)miereter/-s
kund) e (@ @ // fix e sound in many compounds of kunde
luuks) e @ // luukses/luukse and compounds
midd) e (@ @ // compounds starting with midde: middedorp/middeooste/middestad/middeweg
reus) e (@ @ // correct 2nd e in compounds starting with reuse
Cy) e (CC @ // e sound in vryevalformasie/senulyersinrigting/vryerspaartjies
C) ede (_ e@d@ // aandgebede/selftevrede
C) edes (_ e@d@s // lofredes/hoofredes
j) e (k E // fix e sound: tjek and compounds/windjekker, etc.
C) e (kamp+ @ // fix e sound: (krygs)gevangenekamp/soldatekamp and similar
@d) e (klas @ // fix e sound: tweede/derdeklas and compounds
@C) e (kom@ @ // fix e sound in compounds: rassismekommissie/griewe-/middele-/name-/portefeuljekomitee
@d) e (kr @ // fix e sound: vriendekring/-e
e (klipK %e@ // fix stress and e sound: eklips/eklipties
e (kono@ %E // 1st e: ekonome/ekonomie/ekonomies/ekonoom
&) ekon (o@ _%Ek%un // fix stress and vowel sounds in compounds like: groepekonoom/handelsekonome
eksamin (A %Eks%am%in // fix stress and vowel sounds: eksaminator/eksaminering(sproses)
eksege (CA %Eks@x2e@ // fix stress and e sounds: eksegese/eksegeties/-e
ekse (llenC %Eks@ // fix 2nd e sound: eksellensie/-s/eksellent/-e
ekspli (siet %Ekspl@ // fix stress and i sound: eksplisiet/-e
_) ekster (K Ekst@r // restore default stress: ekster/-s and compounds
_) ekstern %Ekst&r@-n
ekstre (mis %Ekstr@ // move default stress: ekstremis/-te/-ties
ekstra (K Ekstra // ekstra/-s
ekstro (ver %Ekstr%u // fix stress and o sound: ekstrovers/-e/-vert
e (mosi %i // emosie/emosioneel, etc.
eun) e (r@ @ // fix e sound: ondersteunerskorps/sigeunermusiek/sigeuneragtig and similar
eun) eri (n @r'I // fix stress and e sound: sigeunerin/-ne/-netjie
hal) e (rC@ @ // uithalerperd/-skut/-speler and similar
C) e (ndh =@ //asemrowendheid/beduidendheid/doeltreffendheid/dringendheid/voortvarendheid...
e (fesi %i // fix stress and first e sound: Efesiër/Efesies
effek (K %ifEk // move default stress and fix e sound: effek/-te/-tief/rimpeleffek
eienaardig %eI@nA:rd@x2 // move default stress: eienaardig/-ste
@) ein (dig 'eIn // nimmereindige/nimmereindigend
eind (eks eInt_ // fix d sound and make short pause: eindeksamen/-s and compounds
sirk) e (l @ // compounds: sirkelgang/sirkelvormig
nk) e (lC @ // onwankelbaar/skenkelbeen/sprinkelbesproeiing/kinkeldraai/kronkelpad/seunsenkelspel
Cu) ele (K+ 'e@l@ // words ending in uele take stress on penultimate slb
_) erde (C &rd@ // fix connecting e in compounds: erdekruik/-ware and similar
_) ere e@r@ // ereamp/erediens/ererol/erevoorsitter
ere (ksiA %e@rE // fix stress and e sounds: ereksie/ereksionele
_aller) erg _&rx2 // fix e sound, insert break: allerergs(te)
u) ering 'e@r@N // aktuering/konstruering, etc.
C) ersyds @rseIts // fix d and e sounds: enersyds/wedersyds, etc.
ele (ganC %El@ // elegant/onelegant/elegansie
C) e (k & //
C) e (kk@+ & // fix e sound: luilekker/-lewe
C) e (kA+ e@
C) e (ks++ E
C) e (kt@++ E // digbedekte
ekwi (libri %Ekw%i // move default stress: ekwilibrium and derivatives
ekstase Ekst'A:s@ // stress ekstase/s
wink) e (l @ // winkelvensters/-sentrum/-personeel/winkelier/winkelhaak
C) eloos @lo@s // haweloos/hopeloos/hulpeloos/vlekkeloos
C) elose @lo@s@ // hawelose/hopelose/hulpelose/vlekkelose
C) elwers ''&lv@rs // fix e sounds: delwersdorp/-drome/-kamp/-komitee/-lisensie/sigselwers
C) ema (_ e@ma // words ending in ema: compounds of skema/tema
emfi (seem %Emf%i // move default stress: emfiseem and compounds
ooi) e (ntjie // drop e in nooientjie/-s and compounds
d) e (fi E
 &w) e (f @ // fix e sound: wolwefluite/krewefuik
C) e (kant+ @ // buitekant/noordekant/landsekant/gladdekantvyl/hawekantoor
@C) e (kodeK @ // fix e sound: kudde-/module-/morsekode/-s
ei eI
ey eI
eu Y@
C) eue Y@@ // fix e sound: compounds and derivatives of leuen/vleuel/geheue/teuel, etc.
eu (forie %Y@ // move default stress: eufories/-e
eufo (rie_N %Y@f%o@ // stress to end: euforie
C) e (uit @_ // fix e and ui sounds: akteuitmaker/druiweuitvoer/woedeuitbarsting and many similar
euntjie Y@iNci // seuntjie/reuntjie
&C) e (uu @_ // split e/uu, eu not diphthong: seweuur and similar
eë e@ // e deelteken-e
&) e (_ @
C) e (toe_ @ // binnetoe/buitetoe
e (gK &
@C) e (groep @ // fix e sound: beelde-/vriendegroep
_) ega (l %e@x2A: // stress: egalig/-e
egosentrie %e@x2%usEntri // fix stress and o sound: egosentries/-e
_) e (gipt %e@ // move default stress: Egipte/Egiptenaar/Egipties
C) ektomie 'Ektumi // histerektomie/vasektomie
&) elik (ing @l@k // verduideliking/s/vergoddeliking/verstedeliking
&) e (l_ @
blysp) e (lK & // fix e sound: blyspel and compounds
eiers) e (l & // fix e sound: eiersel/-le/-letjie/-s
kn) e (l & // fix e sound: toe-/vasknel/-lend/-ling
@sk) e (l & // kwyt(ge)skeld(ing)
skousp) e (l_ & // fis e sound: skouspel and compounds ending in -skouspel
Cdd) e (le_ e@
Csd) e (le_ e@
Add) e (le_ @
ACd) e (le_ e@
los) e (s @
@C) ess (_ _^_EN // English words ending in -ess in Afrikaans text
eis) e (be @ // fix e sound: eisebetalings and similar compounds
eis) e (st @ // fix e sound: eisestaat/-state
e (lK &
%C) e (C @ // (d)warrelwind/slakkepas
%C) e (gg & // fix e sound: kabellegging/niksseggend/-e/-heid
%C) e (tt+ E // fix e sound: (enkelveel)lettergrepige/koppelletter/krulletter/spannette
ldd) e (lgAC & // fix e sound: skulddelger/-ging/-sfonds
ll) e (lK & // parallel/-le
ll) e (ser e@ // fix e sound: Bybel-/ontspanningsverhaal-/rolleser/-s
&s) e (l@ @ // e sound in words like borselkop/voedselaanvulling and many similar
tronks) e (l & // fix e sound: tronksel/-selletjie
@s) e (lfde '& //fix dieselfde
Cs) e (lf & // e sound in words like terselfdertyd/vanselfsprekend
Cs) e (lle_ & // e sound in words like bloedselle/limfselle/stamselle/tronkselle
AC) e (lh @ // e sound in words like edelheid/ydelheid/kreupelheid
@p) e (lh @ // e sound in words like simpelheid
blind) e (ling @
ind) e (ling e@
nd) e (ling @
_) eike 'eIk@ // many compounds with eike
&) e (lC_ @
@m) e (ld & // aanmeld/voormeld
Csp) e (ld & // fix e sound: borsspeld/haakspeld/doekspeld, etc.
gesp) e (ld & // fix e sound: aanmekaargespeld/-e and similar
Csp) e (ls & // fix e sound: jakkalspels/penspels/lamspels and similar
elagtig @l'ax2t@x2 // beuselagtig/e/heid/buffelagtig...
element %El@mEnt // element/e/klankelement
m) e (lend @ // murmelend/wriemelende
m) e (ling @ // versameling/insameling/stameling
&C) e (lrA @ // fix e sound: // kreukelrig/kriewelrig/kronkelrig/wankelrig/wankelry and similar
@w) e (lsyn & // fix e sound: dierewelsyn and similar
C) e (ltjie @ // eltjie always @lki
_) epilep Ep@l'Ep // epilepsie/epilepties/e
sam) e @
K) e (poort @ // Onderstepoort/erepoort/hellepoort
ff) el (@ @l // derivatives and compounds of eg. snuffel/skoffel/knoffel, etc.
&) ele (_ @l@
ele (gie %El@ // move default stress: elegie/-ë
elektr %ilEktr // move stress from 1st slb: elektries/elektrisiteit
elek (trode %il%Ek // fix stress and e sounds: elektrode/-s and compounds
@) eliga (_ @lix2a // fix e sound: kampioene-/tweedeliga
_) ellende e@l'End@
_) ellendig e@l'End@x2
_) e (llipK %i // fix stress and e sound: ellips/-e/-ties/-e
_) elpe &lp@ // fix 2nd e sound: elpebeen/-bessie/-kleurig
emalje %e@malj@ // fix stress and e sounds: emalje and compounds
_) em (ble %Em // move default stress: embleem/embleme
em (pir %Em // move default stress: empiries/-e
lei) er (s @r // leierskap/leiersgroep/leierskursus/leiersposisie...
in) er (A 'e@r // kombinering/verkleinering...
ff) er (@ @r // keffertjie/koffersleutel/offerande/opoffering
stoff) er (A 'e@r // exception to rule: ff) er (@ @
C) eres @r'Es // ...onderwyseres
@dans) ere (K @rE // fix stress: beroeps-/waaierdanseres/-se/-sie, etc.
C) eress @r'Es // onderwyseresse/-sie
&) e (m_ @
&l) e (m_ E // compounds ending in lem
n) erie (_ @r'i //masjinerie and compounds stress and e sound
&) e (r_ @
&) ers (_ @rs
gp) ers (_ &rs // fix e sound: ligpers/lugpers
kp) ers (_ &rs // fix e sound: boek-/broek-/drukpers, etc.
lp) ers (_ &rs // fix e sound: baal-/rol-/skandaalpers, etc.
help) ers (_ @rs // but: mede-/nood-/portuur-/tuis-/uithelpers
np) ers (_ &rs // fix e sound: inpers/lemoenpers/lusernpers/wynpers
rp) ers (_ &rs // fix e sound: inmekaarpers/kopieerpers/silinderpers/Voortrekkerpers
dorp) ers (_ @rs // but dorpers
werp) ers (_ @rs // but bomwerpers/ontwerpers, etc.
gk) ers &:rs // fix e sound: nagkers/gedenkdagkers
tk) ers &:rs // fix e sound: dinamietkers/opsitkers/vetkerse
&) erei (_ @reI
e (r &
Ank) e (r@ @ // ankerpaal/kankerlyer/donkerbril
rp) e (rCC @ // fix e sound: ontwerpersbaadjie/purperkleurig, etc.
purp) e (r @ // fix e sound: purperband/-koors/-rooi/-suur/-wind
_rasp) e (r @ // fix e sound in rasper- compounds: raspertong/-vyl, etc./rasperend
werp) e (rsA @ // fix e sound: ontwerpersolie/-sonbril/-uitrusting
lew) e (ns @
&d) e (r@++ @ // not initial or final syllable
skuld) erke _&rkE // fix e sound: skulderkentennis/-erkenning
@C) e (reë @ // fix e sound: geelperskereën/tropereën, etc.
@d) e (rnst++ & // but fix e sound in doodernstig/-e
&t) e (r@ @
Cit) e (ring e@ // fix final e sound in compounds like begrotingsmonitering
iënt) e (r@n e@ // fix e sound: lewensoriëntering/-rende
&b) e (s@ @
rw) e (s @ // fix e sound: larwes/afsterwes/(van der )Merwes
rw) e (se_ e@ // fix e sound: rekenaar-/waterwese and similar
eskader %EskA:d@r // fix stress and 1st e sound: (lug)eskader)bevelvoerder and similar compounds
eska (pade %Esk@ // fix stress and a sound: eskapade/-s and compounds
essen (si %isEn // fix e sounds: essensie/essensieel/essensiële
komp) e (t@ @ // kompetisie/s/uitklopkompetisie/inkompetensie
edjie 'E:ici
&) etjie (+ ici
Cn) etjies Eicis // kraaknetjies/hipernetjies
nn) etjies icis // kannetjies/mannetjies/pennetjies, etc.
&) elikheid @l@keIt // vriendelikheid/duidelikheid/gemoedelikheid
epi (deC %Ep%i // epidemie/-s/-e/epidermies/epidermis
&K) erig @rIx2
&K) erige @rIx2@
AA) erige @rIx2@
Ai) er (A @r // bakleierig/draaiery/mooierige
XAC) es (_ @s // bates/bodes/dowes/gades/(op/uit)gawes/kodes/skewes/skones/skrywes/tipes...
XCAAC) es (_ @s // fix e sound: bloutes/floutes/noutes
XCAAAd) es (_ @s // fix e sound: genooides/gesaaides, etc.
&Cd) es (_ @s // fix e: aangekeerdes/aangeklaagdes/afdraandes/bewaardes/bediendes/bedroefdes/blindes...
AAi) es (_ @s // fix e sound: dooies/mooies/rooies/fraaies
k) es (_ @s // blankes/blinkes/krankes/dronkes/sterkes/swakkes
_) este (t %Este@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: esteties/-e/estetika
hip) e (r @
_) er (b &r' // erbarm/ing
erke (n+ %&rkE // fix stress and e sounds: erken/-ning/(self)erkende
m) erke (nd &rk@ // kenmerkend/-e
p) erke (nd &rk@ // beperkend/-e
w) erke (nd &rk@ // (mede/terug)werkend/-e
_) er (v &r' // ervaar/ervare/ervarings/ervaringe
&) ere (_ @r@
@l) ere (_ e@r@ // fix e sound: staanlere/toonlere
sw) ere (_ e@:r@ // fix e sound: pitswere and similar compounds
@C) erp (_ &rp // fix e sound: wol-/syserp and similar
@C) erpe (_ &rp@ // fix e sound: wol-/syserpe and similar
@C) erpie (_ &rpi // fix e sound: wol-/syserpie/-s
@) ery (_+ @reI // oorlopery, etc.
@) ery (e_ @reI // fix 2nd e sound: delwerye and similar
_) es (karp %Es // move default stress: eskarp/-e and compounds
eti (ket %Et%i // shorten e sound and move stress: etiket/-te
etikette (rA %Et%ik%Ete@ // fix e sound: etiketterend/-ering
C) e (waar @ // fix e sound: bate-/portefeulje-/toegevoegdewaarde/benedewaarts
ewig (du %e@v@x2 // move default stress: ewigdurend/-e/-heid
ewighei (d e@v@x2,eI // ewigheid/hewigheid/stewigheid/ewigheidjie
C) e (winkel @ // fix e sound: juwelewinkel and similar
evolus EvOl'ys // evolusie/devolusie/revolusie
ewo (lusi %Ev%O // alternative form: ewolusie
C) ewy (C @veI // alewyn/compounds of brandewyn/sekondewyser
_op) e (n @
@C) er (tyd @r // tegelykertyd/kindertyd/indertyd, but spertyd
esote (rie %e@s%ute@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: esoteries/-e
_) etens 'e@t@ns // etenstyd/klok/tafel/uur
pann) e (C @ //pannekoek and friends
pann) e (tjie i //fix pannetjie/spannetjie etc.
elaar @lA:r //wandelaar, twyfelaar etc.
oord) elaar e@lA:r //beoordelaar and oordelaar/friends
C) ewel (A e@v@l // prewelend/wrewelig/newelig/beneweling
ewewig (tig %e@v@vIx2 // move default stress: ewewigtig/-e
d) e (mons E%
r) e (digering E
som) e (r @ //someraand and others.
_ew) e (++ @ //ewewig, ewekansig etc.
C) e (sk_++ 'E // grotesk/humoresk
C) e (ske_++ 'E // groteske/pikareske/romaneske
@C) e (sker_ 'E // fix stress and e sound: grotesker/pikaresker
_w) e (skus E // fix stress and e sound: (suid)weskus and compounds
&C) e (sk@ @ // hondeskou/modeskou/erdeskottel/geleideskip/hardeskyf
@d) e (s@ @ // bejaardesorg/heidesoorte/hondesiekte/modesiek/tandestokkie/tersydestelling/vredesluiting
@d) esi (ma %Es%i // duodesimaal/heksadesimale
@d) e (se_+ 'e@ // Kanadese/nadese, etc.
pred) e (sti E // predestinasie
estro (ge %Estr%u // fix stress: estrogeen(-reseptore and similar compounds)
_) evang ,e@faNx2 // evangelie/evangelis
ou) e (C @
ou) e (a @_ // fix e sound: vroueafdeling/-arbeid/-er
C) e (v @ //kleibevattend/stasiebevelvoerder/skadevergoeding
@sam) e (ns_ @ //fix eksamens
@nem) e (ns_ @ //fix words ending in nemens
_mens) e @ //mense at start of compounds
_mens) e (k @ //force correct behaviour before k
@kom) e (ns_ @ //fix words ending in komens
@C) e (wa_ @ // goederewa/kolewa/troepewa
Ab) e (wa @ //bewaking/bewaring in compounds polisiebewaking
@C) e (waen @ // plurals and diminutives of some of the above
@C) ewerk @v&rk // fix e sounds: aardewerk/dradewerk/klerkewerk/naaldewerk/soldatewerk
weeld) e (wA @ // fix e sound: weeldeware/-wet/-te/groenweeldewasem
w) e (ling @ //weling always v@l@N
wild) e @ //wilde in compounds
wild) e (kA @ //wilde in compounds with k wildekomkommer etc.
will) e (C @ //willem, willemse etc./willekeur
pp) e (C@+ @ // flapperend/snippermandjie/dopperkerk/poppekas...
@ks) e (mC @ // bliksems and compounds/bebliksemde/boksemdais
@) e (spel_ @ //gebarespel/kleurespel/klokkespel/parespel/poppespel/samespel/snarespel
ar) e (sse_ 'E // bibliotekaresse/sekretaresse
Ks) e (na @ //senator and friends/watsenaam
p) e (talje @ // fix stress and 1st e sound: petalje and compounds
interpr) e (tA @' //stress and e sound interpreteer/interpretasie
_) e (ks %E //move default stress in words starting with eks
_C) e (on_ 'i //Leon, Deon etc.
@C) e (oor @_ // fix e sound: boekbeoordelaar/klasseoorheersing/tarieweoorlog/waardeoordeel
CoeC) e (C+ @ //fix e in boetedoening, boedelbelasting and many others
toed) e (ling e@ // fix e sound: (personeel)toedeling and similar
CoeC) e (tjie i // fix e sound: (water)poeletjie/(garing)spoeletjie/groenetjies, etc.
orr) e (l @ //fix e in borrel, orrel, korrel in compounds
intell) e (k %E //intellek, and friends
p) e (ring 'e@ //emansipering and others e sound and stress
roep) e (ring 'e@ //groepering e sound and stress
eval (u %iv%al // evaluasie/evalueer/evaluering
CAt) e (gn & //fix e in mikrotegnologie and others
ei) e @ //eiewys and others
e (nares_ @ //e always @ before nares
werk) e (rs @ //fix werkers in compounds werkershuis etc.
Ceuw) e (l @ //gesneuwelde heuwelhang etc.
v) e (nno@+ @ //vennoot and friends
_) euro (pe %Y@r%o@ // stress: Europees/Europese
ev (entue %iv // fix e and v sounds: eventueel/-ele
_) ewe (red %e@v@ // move default stress: (on)eweredig/-e/-heid
ex (+ _^_EN // words containing ex are English
al) ex (and %Ekz //alexanderbaai, alexandria etc.
m) exik Eks%ik //mexiko mexikaans etc.
t) exas Eks@s //Texaskoors and may be others
e (Coux @ //the e in the prefixes to surnames ending in oux
ey (_ _^_EN // Wrds ending in -ey are English: Jeffrey and similar
.group ee
ee e@
eetjie e@ici // tweetjies/hanetreetjie
eedjie e@ici // kleedjie/tafelkleedjie/altaarkleedjie
eeu iu:
eeue iu:@ // fix e sound: leeueaandeel/eeuelang/eeueoud/skreeuerig
ee (uu e@_ // split ee/uu, eu not diphthong: tweeuur and compounds
u) eel 'e@l // words ending in ueel take stress on last slb
@) eer (N 'e@r // this string most often has stress
h) eer e@r // words containing heer take default stress: allesoorheersende
gel) eer e@r // words containing geleer take default stress: regsgeleerde
@k) eer e@r // words containing keer take default stress, except for:
ik) eer 'e@r // abdikeer/kommunikeer, etc.
AAl) eer e@r // restore default stress: evange-/evolusie-/seekoeilieleer, etc.
Aol) eer 'e@r // fix stress: rioleer/gelanseoleer/-de/gepetioleer
@Cl) eer e@r // restore default stress in compounds like windpompleer
oriënt) eer e@r // default stress: beroepsgeoriënteerd and similar
Cm) eer e@r // words containing meer preceded by consonant take default stress: bergmeer/strandmeer, etc.
mm) eer 'e@r // stress eer in (ge)programmeer/inflammeer and similar
rm) eer 'e@r // but not words like: alarmeer/gereformeerd/transformeer
sf) eer e@r // sfeer at end of compounds does not take stress: atmosfeer, etc.
sk) eer e@r // words kontaining skeer take default stress: af/glad/kort/raakgeskeer
AACl) eer e@r // default stress: aanleer/dwaalleer/klimaatleer/laerskoolleerling/staanleer/toonleer
gl) eer e@r // restore default stress: dagleerling and similar
kl) eer e@r // restore default stress: dakleer/kerkleer/klankleer/vakleerling/varkleer
nl) eer e@r // restore default stress: kernleerplan and compounds
rl) eer e@r // move default stress: agterleer/burgerleer/kelderleer/solderleer
sl) eer e@r // words containing sleer take default stress: seemsleer/volstruisleer
Cep) eer e@r // default stress: (harde-/wilde-)peer and compounds, but (ge)groepeer
Cs) eer e@r // words containing seer (meaning pain) take default stress
ks) eer 'e@r // annekseer/indekseer/lakseer/takseer and their compounds
ss) eer 'e@r // but many words cont. sseer take stress: adresseer, etc.
Cv) eer e@r // stress: (hoender/volstruisveer/dryfveer
AAv) eer e@r // restore default stress: pouveer/makouveer/horlosieveer/kraaiveer/rooiveer
Cev) eer e@r // restore default stress: duiwe-/haneveer
w) eer e@r // stress may vary in words containing weer: lugafweer/donderweer
u) eer 'e@r // aktueer/konstrueer/salueer, etc.
@) eerdheid 'e@rtheIt // fix stress: geraffineerdheid/ongedissiplineerdheid, etc.
een (drag@ %e@n // eendrag has stress on 1st slb, but eendragtig and similar on 2nd
een (malig %e@n // move default stress: eenmalig/-e/-heid
een (parig %e@n // move default stress: eenparig/-e/-heid
_) een (stemm %e@n // move default stress: eenstemmig/-e/-heid
_) een (sy %e@n // move default stress: eensydig/-e/-heid
_) een (ton %e@n // move default stress: eentonig
een (Cjie e@:iN // eendjie/Leentjie/steentjies
een (vorm %e@n // move default stress: eenvormig/-e/-heid
_) een (voud@ %e@n // stress on 2nd slb: eenvoudig, but on 1st: eenvoud
eerbied (A e@rb'id // eerbiedig/ing
eerbiedw %e@rb%itv // eerbiedwaardig/eerbiedwekkend
_) eerw %e@rv // stress: eerwaarde
.group en
&k) ene (_ @n@ // fix penultimate e sound: beskonkene/-s/gebrokene/uitgewekene/versonkene
sk) ene (_ e@n@ // fix penultimate e sound: hakskene and any compounds
&s) ene (_ @n@ // fix penultimate e sound: aangewesene/gekosenes/genesene/herresene/toegewesene/
enge (l EN@ // Engeland/Engelsman/Engelssprekend/hengelklub/mengeldrankie/-moes
enjin Enj@n // fix e sound of compounds with -enjin: diesel-/agterenjin, etc.
ence (K+ _^_EN // words containing ence are English: Spencer/silencer, etc.
l) ens (_ E:ns // fix e sound: kamaralens/wyehoeklens/kontaklens and similar
l) ense (_ E:ns@ // plurals: kamaralense/wyehoeklense/kontaklense
AAl) ens (_ @ns // fix e sound: meulens and compounds
ensemble _%A~nsA~mb@L // (kamer-/klavier)ensemble
vel) ens (_ @ns // fix e sound: vervelens
vull) ens (_ @ns // fix e sound: vullens and compounds
@k) en (skap @n // fix e sound: dronkenskap and derivatives
pot) en (C En // fix e sound: potensieel/potensiële
Cp) ens (+ Ens // fix e sound: beespens/grootpens/melkpens/sikspens/skaappens/varkpens/trippens/vaalpens
Cp) ense (le_ Ense@ // fix penultimate e sound of compounds ending in -pensele: skilder/puntpensele, etc.
Copp) ens @ns // fix e sound: hartkloppens/pasoppens/skoppens
ensiklope %Ens%ikl%up@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: ensiklopedie and compounds
entoesia %Ent%us%ia // move default stress: entoesias/-te/-me
entrepre (ne %A~ntr@pr@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: entrepreneur/-s and compounds
&C) en (bArg @n // fix e sound: Blankenberg/Edenburg/Elsenburg/Hartzenberg/Katzenberg/Neurenberg/Witsenberg
ng) en (d @n // fix e sound: dringends/dwingends/deurdringender
boord) en (s @n // fix e sound: boordens(te)vol
CAC) en (sieeC %En // fix e sound: differensieel/eksponensieel/konfidensieel/differensieer
CAC) en (siëC %En // fix e sound: differensiële/eksponensiële/konfidensiële
vaCk) en (C @n // fix e sound: Valkenburg/varkensgras/-kos, etc.
_k) en (dh =En // but bekendheid/onbekendheid
C) enaar @nA:r // eienaar/lessenaar
C) enare (_ @nA:r@ // fix e sound: towenare and similar
C) enier @n'i:r // kruidenier/spysenier/valkenier/Renier
C) enheid @nheIt // opgewondenheid/bedorwenheid and many similar
_) enorm e@n'Or@_m // enorm/-s, pronunc. of rm
_) enorm (A %e@nOrm // enorme/enormiteit, pronunc. of rm and stress
_) enkel ENk@l // enkelbaan/enkelbed; many compounds
@C) eny (_ @n'eI // words ending in eny have stress on y
m) en (is @n // geheimenis(vol)/verdoemenis
ener (gi %En@r // energie/energiek/e
enemmel %in&m@l // fix stress and vowel sounds: enemmel/-beker/-bord
eners e@n@rs // fix 2nd e sound: enerse/enersheid
_) enig (ma %EnIx2 // stress and e sound: enigma/-ties/-e
enkel (voudi %Enk@l // move default stress: enkelvoudig/-e
@Cp) en (_ En // balpuntpen/koorspen/vulpen and similar
@Cp) enn (e En // plurals of the above/-pennetjie
breip) en En // fix e sound in breipen/-ne
&) en (_ @n
&) en (C_ @n
&) en (de_ @n // fix penultimate e sound: sinkende/drinkende/klinkende
&) en (deC_ @n // fix penultimate e sound: helpendes/sterwendes/blinkender, etc.
sk) en (d En // fix e sound: lyk/grafskend(er) and similar
endel (_ End@l // fix e sound: deurgrendel/toegrendel, etc.
&) eng (_ EN
@f) en (is @n //erfenis/kultuurerfenis/verderfenis
ooi) en (s @n // fix e sound: compounds starting with nooiens
_) eni (g 'e@n@ // enigeen/enigiemand/enigiets/eniggebore/enigermate
entjie (+ EiNci
&k) entjie iNci // fix -entjie sound: bakentjie/dekentjie/kuikentjielakentjie/tekentjie, etc.
C) ensie (K 'Ensi // many words ending in stressed ensie(s)
m) ensie (K e~ns%i // words ending in -mensie/-s mostly take default stress: ontwikkelingsdimensies
ensiem (_ _%Ensim // fix stress: (lewer)ensiem
ensiem (e_ _%Ensim // fix stress: (lewer)ensieme
C) ensies 'Ensis // forensiese
@) enswaar (dig @nsv'A:r // noemenswaardige/bejammerenswaardig
@C) ent (K 'Ent // orent/student/presidentsrede
@C) ent (e_ 'Ent // plurals of some of the above
en) ent (++ Ent // restore default stress: koppenent/-e/voetenent/-e
pr) ent (++ Ent // default stress for compounds of prent/-e
pr) entjie E:iNk%i //fix prentjie
@s) ent (rA Ent // winkelsentrum/studentesentrum, etc.
&) en (k_ EN // but kersgeskenk/verjaardaggeskenk
_) en (toptie %En // move default stress: entopties/-e
// The following are experimental nasalisation of ens
gr) ens e~ns
m) ens (++ e~ns
w) ens e~ns
.group f
f f
f (f
fa (briek f%a // move default stress: fabriek and many compounds/fabriseer
fabri (CA f%abr%i // move default stress: fabrikant/-e and compounds
fak (tore f%ak // move default stress: faktore and compounds
faktu (reri f%akt%y // move default stress: fakturering and compounds
fakul (teit f%ak%Wl // fix stress and a sound: fakulteit/-e and many compounds
fa (lanks fa // shorten 1st a: falanks/-e
fami (liA f%ami // fix stress and a sound: familie and compounds/familiêr/-e
fa (nati f%a // fix stress and a sound: fanaties/-e
fan (fare f%an // move default stress: fanfare/-s
fanta (sA f%ant%a // fantaseer/fantasie
_) fan (to f%an // move default stress: fantoom/fantome
fari (seër f%ar%i // fix stress and a sound: Fariseër/-s
farma (seut f%arm%a // move default stress: farmaseut/-e/-ies/-ika
fasade f%asA:d@ // fix stress and 1st a sound: fasade/-s and compounds
fase (tK f%asE //
fasili f%as@l%i // fasiliteit/e/aftrekorderfasiliteit
fa (ta@ f%a //fix stress and 1st a sound: fatale/fatalis/-me/-te/-ties
fat (soen f%at // move default stress: (on)fatsoen(lik)
februarie fe@bry,A:ri
fede (ra f%Ed@ // fix stress and e sounds: federaal/-ale/-asie
feite feIt@ // fix 2nd e sound: feitebepaling/-bevinding/-bron/-fout/-kennis/-lik
@) fel (end f@l // betwyfelend/skuifelend/weifelend
@) fel (ing f@l // betwyfeling/skuifeling/weifeling
fe (minA f%E // fix e sound: feminis/-me/-te/-ties
fenom (e f@n%Om // fix stress and vowel sounds: fenomeen/-ene
fenomen (A@ f@n%Om@n // fix stress and vowel sounds: fenomenaal/-ale/fenomeneel/-ele
fero (mo f%Er%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: feromoon/feromone
fer (weel f@r // fix stress and 1st e sound: ferweel and many compounds
fessor fEs@r // fix last o sound: professor and compounds like universiteitsprofessor
fessor (a@ f%Es@r // stress: professoraal/-ale/-aat/-ate
fessore (_ f@so@r@ // stress: plural: professore and compounds
_) fe (ta@ f%e@ // fix stress: fetaal/fetale
fiasko f%iask%u // move default stress: fiasko; fix o sound: fiasko's
fi (sant f%i // move default stress: fisant/-e and compounds
fi (siek f@ // correct 1st i sound and move default stress:
field _^_EN // names containing field are English: Hopefield/Smithfield/Bradfield...
fili (ppA f@l@ // fix stress and i sounds: Filippyne/-pynse/filippien
filistyn f@l@st'eIn // filistyn/e
fille (t f@lE // fix stress and e sound: (bees)fillet/-te and similar
_) fi (na@ f%i // finaal/finale/finansies
mor) fine (@ fin@_ // fix e sound in compounds: morfineafhanklikheid/-beswyming/-dosis/-tablet
fi (skA f@ // move default stress: fiskaal/fiskale/konfiskeer
_) fitz _^_EN // English pronunciation: Fitzgerald/-john/-patrick, etc.
fla (mi fl%a // move default stress: flamink/-e and compounds
fla (grant fl%a // shorten 1st a and move default stress: flagrant/-e
flambo (jant fl%amb%u // move default stress: flambojant/-e/-heid
fleb (otomie fl%Eb // fix stress and e sound: flebotomie
_) flikt (erA fl@kt // fix stress and e sound: konflikterend/-e
flo (re fl%u // move default stress, correct o sound: florerend
flori (ssA fl%o@r@ // move default stress: florissant/-e
flu (we fl%y // move default stress: fluweel/fluwele and compounds
_) fok (o fOk_ // fix o sound, insert short break: fokop/fokof
folio fo@li_u // fix o sounds: folio and compounds
fondsw fOntsv // fix v sound: fondswerwing & compounds/-waardes
fondue f%Ondy // fix stress and ue sound: fondue and compounds
fone (tiek f%o@n@ // fix e sound: fonetiek and compounds
fone (tie f%une@ // fix stress and o sound: foneties/-e
@) fonie fun'i // kakofonie/simfonieorkes/telefonie
@) fonies f'o@nis // fix stress: simfoniese/polifonies/telefonies
@) fonie (s@@ fun'i // fix stress: simfonieseisoen and similar
fon (tein f%On // move default stress: fontein/fonteinwater, etc.
_) for (C@ f%Or // formeel/formele/forseer/fortuin, but forsheid
fore (l f%ur& // fix stress and e sound: forel/-e and compounds
forma (lien f%Orm%a // fix stress and a sound: formalien and compounds
formi (da f%Orm%i // move default stress: formidabel/-e
formu (lier f%Orm%y // move default stress: formulier/-e/-boek
_) for (se_ f'Or // stress back to 1st slb; se rule: _) for (C
forse (nd fOrs@ // fix e sound: forsend/-e
fos (fa f%Os // move default stress: fosfaat/fosfate
fo (ssiel f%O // move default stress: fossiel/-e and compounds
foto fo@tu
fotoge (nie f%o@t%ux2e@ // fix stress and e sound: fotogenies/-e
fo (togra fo@ // move default stress: fotograaf and similar
foto (sta f%o@t%u // move default stress: fotostaat/fotostate and derivatives
fra (giel fr%a // fix stress and a sound: fragiel/-e
fran (Cina fr%an
_) fran (CisCA fr%an // fix stress and a sound: Fransiskus/Franciscus/Francisca
frangi (pani fr%aN%i // fix stress: frangipani and compounds
fre (kwen fr%i // fix stress and 1st e sound: frekwensie/-s and compounds
freud frOId // Freud/Freudiaans/-e
frikkade (l fr@k@d& // fix stress, a and e sounds: frikkadel/-le
front (A@ fr%Ont // fix stress and e sound: konfronterend/-e/konfrontering
fru (str fr%W // move default stress: frustrerend/-e
@) ful (_ _^_EN // words ending in -ful are English
fung (e f%WNx2 // fungeer/fungerende/fungering
fungus fWNgWs_ // fix g sound: fungus and 2nd us sound in compounds: fungusinfeksie
fusi (llA f%ys@ // move default stress: fusillade/-s/(ge)fusilleer
_) fu (ti f%y // move default stress: futiel/futiele
fynge (C feInx2@ // fyngebreekte/-kou/-kap/-maalde
fynge (voeli f%eInx2@ // move default stress: fyngevoelig/-e/-heid
// f (w | //silent f before w
.group g
g x2
g (g
gala (si x2%alA: // move default stress: Galasiër/-s
gala (_ gA:l%a // fix g sound: gala/swemgala/gala-aand
ga (lAC x2%a // galant/galery/galon/galop
gal (joen x2%al // move default stress: galjoen/-e and compounds
gamie (_ x2am'i // bi-/mono-/poligamie, etc.
gamies x2'A:mis // bi-/mono-/poligamies/-e
@) gans x2A~ns // nasalise a: berggans/kolgans/-e
gans (C x2A~ns // nasalise a: gansveer/-vere and similar compounds
ga (riep x2%a // fix stress and a sound: Gariep(dam)
gar (n x2%ar // move default stress: garnaal/garnale/garneer/garnering and compounds
garni (soen x2%arn%i // fix stress: garnisoen and compounds
@C) garye x2%ar'eI@ // Fix stress: Bulgarye/Hongarye
_) gas (A x2''as_ // fix stress: gasaanleg/-aansteker/-installasie/-ontploffing
gas (erig x2A:s // long a and no pause: gaserig/-e/-heid
gas (ie x2A:s // long a and no pause: gasie/-s and compounds
gas (ig x2A:s // long a and no pause: gasig/-e/-heid
gauteng x2%aUtEN //Gauteng and compounds
_) gh g
gh (_ x2 // Tulbagh and similar
@) gheid x2eIt // traagheid/leegheid/droogheid/stugheid
ghi (ta g%i // move default stress: ghitaar and compounds/ghitare
ght _^_EN
_) gade x2A:d@ // gadeslaan/gadegeslaan
garage g@r'A:dZ
_) gat (o x2at_ // fix a sound and insert short break: gatom(keer)/gatoorkop
@) gge (_ x2@ // logge/stugge
_) gif (A x2If_ // fix i sound: gifangel/-appel(tjie/-s)/-ui
gim (naK x2@m // move default stress: gimnas/-te
gimna (siA x2@mnA: // move default stress and lenghthen a sound: gimnasium/gimnasia
glans x2lans // glans not nasalised: glans/-ende/-papier, etc.
glas (a x2las_ // shorten a sound, short pause: glasafskorting/-albaster/-apparaat...
glas (o x2las_ // fix a sound and short break: glasoog/-ogie/-oë/-opaal/-oppervlakte
gletser x2l''Ets@r // fix 2nd e sound: gletserbeweging/-meer/-vorming/vergletsering, etc.
glise (rien gl@s@ // fix stress and g and vowel sounds: gliserien(-salf/-suur)
@) gn (_ _^_EN // English words like design/foreign/resign/sign in Afrikaans text
@) gnon (_ _^_FR // words ending in -gnon are French: Sauvignon/perignon...
go (din x2%o@ // move default stress: godin/-ne/-netjie, etc.
godde (lo x2%Od@ // move default stress: goddelose/goddeloos
god (salig x2%Ot // move default stress: godsalig/-e/-heid
gods (dienstig x2%Ots // move default stress: godsdienstig/-e/-es/-heid
gods (laster x2%Ots // move default stress: godslastering/-lik, etc.
god (vr x2%Ot // move default stress: godvresend/-e/godvrugtig/-e
goeder (tie x2%ud@r // move default stress: goedertiere(nheid)
goed (gunst x2%ut // move default stress: goedgunstig/-e/-lik
_) goewer x2%uv@r // move default stress: goewerneur and compounds
A) gogie (_ x2ux2'i // demagogie/pedagogie
A) gogies x2'o@x2is // demagogies/-e/pedagogies/-e
gomag (tig x2Om_%ax2 // fix o sound and stress, pause: gomagtig/-e/-heid
A) goog (_ x2'o@x2 // demagoog/pedagoog
gor (dyn x2%Or // move default stress: gordyn and compounds
go (rilla g%u // fix g and o sounds: gorilla and compounds
goud (a@ x2@Ut_ // fix d sound: goudaandele/-aankope/-aar/-afsetting/-allooi...
goud (o x2@Ut_ // fix d sound: goudontdekking/-ontginning, etc.
gourmet go@rmeI: // gourmet(kos/-kombuis)
A) goë x2'u@ // demagoë/pedagoë
grade (C x2rA:d@ // fix e sound: gradedagseremonie/-dae/-lyn/retrogradewoordeboek
grade (ring x2r%ade@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: gradering and many compounds
gra (fiek x2r%a // fix stress and a sound: grafiek/-e /lyngrafiek, etc.
gra (fiet x2r%a // fix stress and a sound: grafiet and compounds
grama (doe x2r%am%a // move default stress: gramadoela/-s and compounds
gramma (tik x2r%ama // fix stress and 2nd a sound: grammatika and compounds
_) gra (na x2r@ // granaat(boom)/granate
grandi (o x2r%and%i // move default stress: grandioos/-ose
_) gra (vA x2r%a // fix stress and a sound: gravin/-ne/gravure
grenadella gr@n@d&la // fix stress and vowels: grenadella and compounds like -heining
griekwa x2rikwa // fix w sound and a sound in compounds: Griekwa/-land, etc.
ouCa) gr (ootjie x2r' // move default stress: ouma/oupagrootjie/-s
_) graad (e x2r%A:t_ // fix stress and d sound: graadeen(tjies)/-elfs
_) graad (nege x2r%A:t // fix stress: graadnege(tjies)
_) graadse (s x2r%A:tsE // fix stress and e sound: graadsesse/-sessies/-sesklas
_) graad (t x2r%A: // fix stress and drop d: graadtweetjies/-tiens/-twaalfs
_) graad (vyf x2r%A:t // move default stress: graadvyfs/graadvyfklas, etc.
gra (niet x2r%a // move default stress and fix a sound: graniet and compounds
gra (sieu x2r%a // fix stress and shorten a sound: grasieus/-e
_) gras (A x2ras_ // fix stress and a sound: graseter/grasoppervlakte/grasuie
_) gra (sie x2rA: // but restore default stress and long a: grasie
gri (ffier x2r@ // move default stress: griffier and compounds
_) gri (mA x2r@ // grimas/grimeer/-middel and other compounds/grimering
agter) grond (i x2rO:nt_ // fix d sound: agtergrondinligting/-informasie/-instrumente
grond (o x2rO:nt_ // fix d sound: grondonteiening/-oppervlakte, etc.
grondwetlik x2r%OntvEtl@k // move default stress: grondwetlik/-e/-heid
grondwe (tK x2rOntvE // restore default stress: grondwet/-te/-hof, etc.
grondwet (a x2rOntvEt_ // fix e sound and insert short pause: grondwetartikel/-s
grotere x2ro@t@r@ // fix vowel sounds and stress: grotere/-s
guerrilla g@r'Ila
guillotine g%il%utin // guillotine and compounds
gus (ooi x2Ws_ // fix u sound, pause: gusooi/-e
guttu (ra x2%Wt%W // move default stress: gutturaal/gutturale
gésel x2e@s@l // fix stress and e sounds: (ge)gésel/-ing
.group ge
ge x2@
C) ge (_ g@
_) gebede x2@be@d@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: gebedeboek/-e/-tafel/-s
gegesel x2@x2e@s@l // fix middle e sound
K) gele (_ x2e@l@ // fix stress and e sound: (eier)gele
_) geler x2e@l@r // stress and 1st e sound: geler/gelerig
_) gell x2&l
gemel (d x2@m&l // fix e sound: bo-/bowe-/laas-/meergemeld/-e
gems x2Ems // fix e sound: (baster)gemsbok/-bul/-ooi, etc.
gene (_ x2e@n@ // gene/diegene
gene (alo x2%e@n%i // fix vowel sounds: genealogie/-s/-e, etc.
gene (rA x2@n@ // generaal/generasie/-s/genereer
gene (rieK x2@ne@ // fix stress and 2nd e sound: generies/-e
genie (_ Z@ni: // genie and compounds ending in -genie
genit (ieC x2e@n@t // fix stress and vowel sounds: genetief/-tiewe
genre Z'A~nr@ //genre and compounds
_) gens (C x2E:ns // fix stress and e sound: gensbok and compounds
genus x2e@nWs // fix stress and e sound: genus/genusnaam/plantgenus and similar
_) geo (s x2%i%u // fix stress and -eo- sound: geosentries/geosfeer/geoskoop/geostaties
_) ge (ossP2 x2@ // but ge- prefix: geossilleer/geossifiseer, etc.
ni) ge (ri x2'e@ //nigeriese etc.
gese (_ x2'e@s@ //Portugese, and others
gesp (etjie x2Esp // fix e sounds: gespetjie/-s
gespe (_ x2Esp@ // gespe and compounds
gespes (_ x2Esp@s // gespes and compounds
gewens (g x2e@v@ns // (on)vergewensgesind/-e/-heid
gewers (_ x2e@v@rs //fix gewers at word ends
_) ge (@P2 x2@
ge (k_ x2&
ge (kg x2& // fix stress and e sound: gekgeskeer
ge (kk x2&
ge (kh x2&
geklede x2@kle@d@ // fix e sound: wit-/swart-/groengeklede
ge (kt x2& // fix e sound: gektalery
gekw (ord x2&kv // fix stress, e and w sounds: gekwordens/gekwording
genade x2@nA:d@ // correct 2nd e in compounds: genadedood, etc.
genad (etjie x2@nA:d // correct 2nd e in genadetjie
_) ge (rC x2& // gerf/gerwe/gert/gerber
C) gerf x2&rf // fix e sound: (gars/hawer/koring)gerf
C) gerwe (_ x2&rv@ // fix e sound: (gars/hawer/koring)gerwe
_) ger (ma x2%&r // move default stress: germaan/germane
geru (byn x2%e@r%W // fix stress and vowel sounds: gerubyn/-e
gesel (_ x2@s&l // metgesel/compounds ending with gesel
geselle (_ x2@s&l@ // metgeselle/compounds ending in geselle
geu (C x2Y@ // geur/e/ig/geut
gewe (_ x2'e@v@ // begewe/gegewe
@) gewende (_ x2'e@v@nd@
@) gewend (_ x2'e@v@nt // insiggewend/deurslaggewend/liggewend
@) gewend (ste x2'e@v@nt // fix stress and e sound: toonaangewendste and similar
gewel (d x2@v&l //geweld/ig/gewelddadig
gewel (f x2@v&l //gewelf/boog
gewel (w x2@v'&l //gewelwe
gewel x2e@v@l //gewel/huis/muur etc.
gewer (_ x2e@v@r // gewer and many compounds ending in gewer
slag) gewer x2e@v@r // fix e sound: verslaggewerbank/verslaggewertjie, etc.
werk) ge (wer x2e@ // fix e sound: werkgewerfonds/-kontrak and similar compounds
wet) gewer x2e@v@r // fix e sound in many compounds with wetgewer
gewing x2e@v@N // begewing/vergewing
bur) ger g@r
gee (+ x2e@
geër (_ x2e@@r // oorgeër/pasaangeër
gees (drifti x2%e@s // move default stress: geesdriftig and derivatives
@) gegee =x2@x2e@
gegewens x2@x2e@v@ns // fix e sounds in many compounds: agtergrond-/fossielgegewens/-versameling
gei (+ x2eI // geil and derivatives/geiser/geit/-e
ge (kskeer x2& // gekskeer/gekskeerder/gekskeerdery
geld x2&lt
gelde (K x2&ld@
geldi x2&ld@
geld (inC x2&lt_ // fix d sound, pause: geldinkomste/-insamelaar/-insameling, etc.
geld (ing x2&ld // but: ver-/ontgelding and similar
geldjie x2&lci // spaargeldjies
_) gelykeni (s x2@l'eIk@n@ // gelykenis/se
gemmer x2'Em@r
ge (ogra x2i //geografie etc.
ge (olo x2i //geoloog etc.
ge (ome x2i //geometries etc.
gesels x2@s&ls
A) ge (tjie x2i // fix e sound: (graad)negetjie/-s
geves (_ x2@fEs // prevent Eng. translation: hout-/staalgeves, etc.
geweer x2@ve@r // restore default stress: geweerhout/-sport/-staander
@C) gewens x2@ve~ns
.group h
h h
h (h
@A) h (_ // drop final h after vowel: (Su)Sarah and similar
_) half (geP4 h'alf // fix e sound in halfgetem(de), etc.
half (kro@ h%alf // move default stress: halfkroon/halfkrone
half (een h%alf_ // move default stress in this and following time expressions: halfeen/-vergadering
half (twee h%alf
half (drie h%alf
half (vier h%al
half (vyf h%al
halfse (s h%alfsE
half (sewe h%alf
_) half (agK h%alf_
half (nege h%alf
half (tien h%alf
half (elf h%alf_
half (twaalf h%alf
halleluja h%al@lyj%a // move stress and fix vowel sounds: halleluja/-boek/-lied
halo (ge h%al%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: halogeen/-lamp/-verbinding/halogene
@C) hal (sA h'al // reikhalsend/waaghalsig
hal (sstar h%al // move default stress:
hal (ve@ h%al // move default stress: halveer/halvering/gehalveerde, etc.
hamer hA:m@r // fix e sound: hameragtig/hamerend/-e
hand (o hant? // fix d sound: handopsteek/handoplegging
_) hane (C hA:n@ // hanekam/hanekraai/hanepoot/hanetree
haper hA:p@r // fix e sound: haperend/hapering/-e
hard (C@ h%art // hardhorend/hardkoppig/hardnekkig/hardvogtig
harde hard@ // fix e sound: hardekoejawel/-kop/-kwas/-kool/-pad
hardge (C hartx2@ // restore default stress: hardgebakte/-kookte/-looide, etc.
hard (heid hart // restore default stress: (ge)hardheid
hard (lo hart // restore default stress: hardloop/hardloper
hard (ste hart // restore default stress: (ge)hardste/-s
harle (kyn h%arl@ // fix stress and e sound: harlekyn/-e and compounds
harmo (nie h%arm%u // fix stress and o sound: harmonie/-ë
harmonies harm'o@nis // fix stress (dis-/en-/fil-)harmonies/-e
har (poen h%ar // move default stress: harpoen/-e and compounds
@) hartig h'art@x2 // barmhartig/lighartigheid/lighartig...
hart (roer h%art // move default stress: hartroerend/-e/-ste
hart (stogte_ h%art // move default stress: hartstogtelik
hart (stogte_N hart // restore default stress: hartstogte
ha (we hA: // fix stress and a sound: hawearbeider/lewendehaweafdeling
_) hef (a hEf_ // fix e sound, insert break: hefapparaat/-arm(s)
hia (sint h%ij%a // fix stress: hiasint/-e and compounds
_) hi (bis h%i // move default stress: hibiskus/-se and compounds
hierna (maal h%i:rnA: // fix stress and a sound: hiernamaals/-e
higië (nA h%ix2%ie@
himne himn@ // fix i sound: himne/-s and compounds
hin (doe hin // fix i sound: Hindoe and compounds
hinke (pink h@Nk@ // fix e sound and stress: (ge)hinkepink/hinkepinkend/-e
hip (noCA h%ip // hipnose/hipnoties/hipnotiseer
hiper (bo h%ip@r // fix stress: hiperbool/-bolies/-e
_) hipo (@P4 hipu // hipo = prefix: hipodermies/-dermus/-staties, etc.
hister (e hist@r // histerektomie
hister (i hist'e@r // histerie/histeries
hi (sto h%i // fix stress and i sound: histories/histologie
histri (on h%istr%i // 1st i sound and stress: histrionies/-e/histrionisme/-isties
hitler hitl@r // Hitler in compounds like Hitlersnorretjie
hiëna h%ie@:na // fix stress and vowel sounds: hiëna(lag/mannetjie/wyfie...)
hiërar (gie_N h%i@r%ar // move default stress: hiërargie
hiër (argie h%i@r // stress on 1st a: hiërargies/-e
hiëro (glie h%i@r%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: hiëroglief/-gliewe
A) hle (_ =l#E // Nguni words and names ending in -hle: Enhlalakahle/Hlalanikahle/malahle/Phahle
_) hobo ho@bu // fix o sound in compounds: hobokonsert/-musiek/-solo/-sonata/-speler
hoender hun@r // drop d: hoender and many compounds
hoeve (r h%uf& // fix stress and e sounds: hoever(re)
hoeveelh (e h%ufe@lh // move default stress: hoeveelheid/-hede
hof (A hOf_ // fix o, pause: hofaansoek/-amptenaar/-etiket/-interdik/-ordonnans/-uitspraak/-ure...
hof (ie ho@f // but: (blom-/water)hofie/-s, etc.
hong (a h%ONx2 // Hongaar/Hongare/Hongaarse
ho (nneur h%O // move default stress: honneurs/-graad, etc.
hoog (dra h%o@x2 // stress: hoogdrawend and derivatives
hoog (moedig h%o@x2 // move default stress: hoogmoedig/-e/-heid
horison (ta h%o@r%is%On // move default stress: horisontaal/horisontale
hor (los h%Or // horlosie and compounds
hor (mo h%Or // move default stress: hormoon/hormone and compounds
horri (bA h%Or%i // move default stress: horribaal/horribale/horribile
hote (l h%ut& // fix stress and o sound: hotel and compounds
huis (houd_ h%Yys // move default stress: huishoudelik/-e/-heid
hu (meur h%y // stress: humeur/-ig
.group he
he (bre h%i // fix stress and 1st e sound: Hebreër/-s
heeren (grac he@r@n // fix eng sounds: Heerengracht/-straat
heerser he@rs@r // fix e sound in compounds: heersers(drang/geslag/klas/mag/ras/volk)
heet (hoofdi h%e@t // move default stress: heethoofdig/-e/-heid
heide (C heId@ // heidene/heidense/heidendom/heidekind/Heidelberg
hekse (C hEks@ // fix 2nd e sound in compounds starting with hekse: heksebrousel, etc.
_) hek (ta h%Ek // move default stress: hektaar/hektare
held (haft h%&lt // move default stress: heldhaftig/-e/-heid
hel (din h%&l // move default stress: heldin/-ne/-netjie
_) hele (K he@l@ // hele/helend/heler
heli (kop h%&l%i // move default stress: helikopter and compounds
he (li he@ // fix e sound: heliks/heliograaf, etc.
hem (C hEm // naghemde/onderhemde/frokkiehemde/syhemp
hemel he@m@l // hemelblou/hemelhoog and many compounds with hemel
@) he (nK hE // fix e sound: broeihen/-ne/huishen, etc.
_) her (@P3 h%&r
_oor) her (C h&r // fix stress: oorherhaalde/oorhersiene and similar
heral (d h%&ral // eliminate short pause: heraldies/-e
heral (diek h%&r%al // fix stress: heraldiek
_) her (beCP3 h'&r // stress on her-: herbenoem/herbevestig, etc.
her (berg h&r // restore default stress: herberg/-e
herberg (i h%&rb%&rx2 // move stress to end: herbergier/herbergin
herberg (sa@ h%&rb&rx2 // fix stress: (on)herbergsaam/herbergsame
herder h'&rd@r
her (eK he@r // here/herehuis/heretjie
_) here (l he@r@ // fix e sound: herelandgoed and compounds
her (eni h%&r? // fix e sound and stress: herenig
her (eksamA h''&r_ // fix stress, e sound, pause: hereksamen/-s/hereksamineer
here (reg he@r@ // fix 2nd e sound: herereg(te) and compounds
her (eva h&r? // fix e sound: herevalueer...
here (w he@r@ // fix 2nd e sound: herewoning/Hereweet
herfs h&rfs // restore default stress: herfsskaduwees/herfsverhaal, etc.
her (koms h&r // restore default stress: herkoms and compounds
hermafro (di h%&rm%afr%u // move default stress: hermafrodiet/-e
_) her (manK h&r // restore default stress: Herman(n)
herme (lyn h%&rm@ // fix stress and 2nd e sound: hermelyn and compounds
he (roïe h%e@ // fix e sound, no pause: heroïes/-e
hero (ïen h%e@r%uw // fix stress and vowel sounds: heroïen and compounds
he (rrie h& // restore default stress: herrie and compounds
hersen h&rs@n // restore default stress and fix 2nd e sound: hersenskim/-me/-mig/hersenskudding
hertog h&rtOx2 // restore default stress: hertog and derivatives
hertog (in h%&rt%Ox2 // fix stress and o sound: (aarts/groot)hertogin/-ne and similar
hertzog h&rtsOx2 // fix stress and o sound: hertzog/-isme/-koekies
_) her (uit h''&r_ // restore stress to 1st slb.: heruitgawe/-gee/-saai/-sending
_) her (verP3 h'&r // words beginning with herver- take stress on 1st slb.
_) her (waa h''&r // restore default stress: herwaardering/herwaarts
hel h&l
_) helde h'&ld@ // heldedade/heldedood/heldemoed...
&) hede (_ he@d@
he (g h&
heid (_S4 heIt
herinner h%&rIn@r // herinner/-ing/-e|s
hetero (@@P6 h%Et@-r%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: many compounds: heteroseksueel/-ele/-aliteit, etc.
hex (C hEks // prevent English translation: Hex(rivier)vallei
.group i
i i
i (C I
i (CA i
ô) i (K %i // i unstressed: ou-/jongnôi
tax) i (@ %i // fix i sound: taxidrywer/-staanplek/-staking/minibustaxistelsel
iaal (_K i'A:l // aal normally stressed in words like bilabiaal/koloniaal, etc.
iale (_ i'A:l@ // al normally stressed in words like bilabiale/koloniale, etc.
iber (i@ %ibe@r // Siberië/Siberiese/Iberiese
@) ic (_ _^_EN // Words ending in -ic are English
ie i
tr) ie (_N 'i //stress on trie at word end
ieë (K i:@ // knieë/vlieë/spieël/-tjie
ie (uu i // split ie/uu, eu not diphthong: drieuur and similar
ss) ief (_ 'if // move default stress: aggressief/massief/obsessief/progressief, etc.
ss) iewe (_ 'iv@ // move default stress: aggressiewe/massiewe/obsessiewe/progressiewe
ns) iewe (K 'iv@ // fix stress and e sound: intensiewesorg(eenheid) and similar
h) i (dro i //hidro in compounds
h) i (drA %i // fix stress and i sound: hidreer/hidrasie
_) i (ko %i // move default stress: ikoon/ikone
_) iese (C ,is@ // iesegrimmig and derivatives
ieterma (g %it@rm%a // fix stress and a sound: ietermagô
ieus i'Y@s // this ending always takes stress
C) i (g @ // figuur/figure/stoksielsaligalleenA
X) i (gK+ I // fix stress: (ont)stig/-ting/ontwrig
_ant) i (C i // fix i sounds an words like: antichris/antidoot/antiklimaks, etc.
ps) i (gA i // i sound in words like psigiater/psigoloog, etc.
s) i (gC I // stress: sigverlies/opsigte
sw) i (g I // stress: (ge)swig
_) impi (Z impi // fix 1st i sound: impi/-'s
impo (sant @mp%u // fix stress and o sound: imposant/-e
i (tief @
i (tiew @
def) i (n @
C) iater i'A:t@r // psigiater/pediater
C) iatrie iatr'i // psigiatrie/pediatrie
C) iatries i'A:tris // psigiatries/pediatries
ide (a %id%i // ideaal/ideale and compounds
ide (ë %id%i // fix stress and e sound: ideëel/ideële
_) idi (o %id%i // idioom/idiome/idioot
_) id (A %id // idille/idillies/ideëryk
&l) iker (C @k@r // fix i sound: menslikerwys/redelikerwyse, etc.
&l) iker (_ @k@r // fix i sound: afstootliker/(ge)redeliker/onberispeliker
illumi (nA %il%um%i // fix stress and vowel sounds: illuminasie/illumineer/illuminati
illu (si %ily // illusie/-s/illusief
illu (strA %il%W // fix i sound: illustreer/illustrering/illustrasie
_) immi (grA @m@ // fix stress and i sounds: immigrant/-e and compounds
_) i (mmu %i // fix stress and i sound: immuun/immune/immuniteit
i (nneemba @ // move default stress: (on)inneembaar/-bare/-baarheid
C) ie (r i: //ier long in most cases, exceptions below:
g) ie (rig i // short ie: gierig/-e/-heid
h) ie (rdie i // short ie: hierdie/-s
k) ie (ranC i // short ie: kierang/kierankies
k) ie (rie i // short ie: kierie and compounds
sk) ie (rig i // short ie: nuuskierig/-e/-heid
k) ie (rts i // short ie: kierts(regop)
p) ie (rew i // short ie: pierewaaier/pierewiet
p) ie (ring i // short ie: piering/-s and compounds
w) ie (rook i // short ie: wierook and compounds
_em) i (r @
ië e@:@- // i followed by "deelteken e"
iën i'En //i deelteken e n
iëteit %i@t'eIt // fix stress: (imk)piëteit/variëteit
iee (C i'e@ // distansieer/finansieer/finansieel/prieel
iële i'e@l@ // finansiële/potensiële
ieu iu
ij (C eI
&) ige (_ Ix2@
@C) iger (CA @x2@r // twintiger-/dertiger-/veertigerjare, etc.
&) iges (_ Ix2@s
&) iger (_S2 @r
&) igers (_S3 @rs //fix words ending in igers
_) ig (lo ig // fix i and g sounds: iglo(e)
@) ika (_ =%ik%a // logika/dinamika
&) ike (_S3 @k@
&C) ikes (_ @k@s // fix penultimate e sound: (on)belangrikes
C) iking @k@N
imbe (s @mb@ // fix stress: imbesiel/-e
_) immer (@P5 'Im@r_ // immerafhanklik/immeringesteld, etc.
impala %impA:la // fix stress and vowel sounds: impala and compounds
impera (tA@ @mp%Er%a // fix vowel sounds: imperatief/-tiewe/-tories/-e
impo (te @mp%u // fix stress and o sound: impotent/impotensie
@C) igend (_ @x2@nt // bevredigend/beangstigend...
@C) igende @x2@nd@ // bevredigende/beangstigende...
C) iging @x2@N
m) i (nister @ //fix first i sound in minister in some compounds
idjie Iici
itjie Iici
ighei (d @x2eI // kleinigheidjie
iana i'A:na
&C) ikend @k@nt // grinnikend/runnikend/sanikend
&C) ikende @k@nd@ // grinnikende/runnikende/sanikende
ingenieur @nx2@n'y@r
insurgen (C @ns%Wrx2En // fix stress and e sound: (teen)insurgensie and compounds/insurgent/-e
inten (s @ntEn // move default stress
in (tussen @n // move default stress
_) iri (s ir@ // restore stress on 1st slb.: iris/-se
_) i (rr %i // fix 1st i sound: irrelevant/irritasie/irriteer/irrasioneel
irriter (@ ir@t'e@r // irriterend/e/irritering
iles (_ _^_EN // words and names ending in -iles are English
ipe (kon %ip@ // Fix stress and e sound: ipekonders and compounds
_) ira (C %ira // fix stress: Irak/Iran/Iranees/-nese/Iraki
ity (_N _^_EN
@) igering ix2'e@r@N
iër (A i'e@r // kopiëring/subsidiërende
narC) i (ssus 'I // move default stress: Nar(c/s)issus
@n) iek (_ 'ik // uniek/compounds
@n) iek (e_ 'ik // unieke/compounds
@kn) iek (_ ik // but piekniek
@t) iek (_ 'ik // antiek/etiek/taktiek
krit) iek ik // restore default stress where -kritiek last in compounds: kunskritiek, etc.
@t) iek (e_ 'ik // antieke...
@tr) iek (_ 'ik // eksentriek/metriek
@tr) iek (eK 'ik // eksentrieke/metrieke/eksentrieker/eksentriekes
sp) i (oen %i // spioen/spioenasie and compounds
ironie (_N irun'i // stress to end, but don't break ironies
i (ronie %i // stress on 2nd slb.: ironies/-
fn) is (A @s_ // fix i sound: begrafnisete/-ondernemer/-onkoste
nn) is (A @s_ // fix i sound, pause: kennisoordrag/vonnisooreenkoms/-oplegging, etc.
AC) is (_ 'Is // aktivis/humanis/kommunis/pianis/solis/violis/kompromis
AAm) is (_ @s // restore default stress: dassiemis/Karoomis/koeimis/seemis
@Cem) is (_ Is // default stress: dodemis/duiwemis/hondemis/môremis/perdemis, etc.
bloem) is 'Is // but: bloemis/-te
pub) is (_ @s // restore defaultstress: pubis, excep. to: AC) is (_
en) is (K @s // stress: beduidenis/bekentenis/gevangenis, etc.
kris) i (K @ // fix stress: krisis and compounds/krisisse
pol) is (_ @s // polis and compounds
@ar) is (K =@s // but sekretaris/argivaris/kommissaris/inventarislys/sekretarisvoël/plagiaris
litar) is (+ 'Is // but militaris
vuil) is @s // stress: vuilis/tuinvuilis
AC) iste (_ 'Ist@ // aktiviste/humaniste/kommuniste/pianiste/soliste/violiste
@C) isties 'Istis // kommunisties/liberalisties/humanisties
@) iseer is'e@r // analiseer/kategoriseer
@) iseren (d is'e@r@n // analiserend/kategoriserend
@) iseur is'Y@r // adviseur/narkotiseur
@) i (sering i
C) isie 'isi // ambisie/ammunisie/komposisie/ammunisiekis
@@@C) isie isi // restore default stress in compounds like kragkompetisie...
C) isieus isi'Y@s // ambisieus/suspisieuse
C) isk (_ 'Isk // asterisk/tamarisk
C) isk (e_ 'Isk // asteriske/tamariske
_) islam islam // fix i sound: Islam/Islamiseer/Islamisme
_) islam (i %isl%am // move default stress: Islamiet/Islamitiese
C) ispel Isp@l // lispeling/kwispeling/kwispelstert
@) isme (K 'Ism@ // isme always takes stress
israe (li@ @sr%aI // fix stress and vowel sounds: Israeliet/-e/Israelities/-e
israe (li @srAI // fix stress and ae sound: Israeli/-'s
w) it (A It // fix i sound: eiwitafskeiding/witagtig/kwiteer/grondserwituut
itali (a %it%al%i // move default stress: Italianer/-s and compounds
item itEm // fix e sound in item and compounds
iteit it'eIt // stress on iteit endings: universiteit/outoriteit
@C) itis (_ 'it@s // stress: many diseases ending in -itis
C) iveer if'e@r // always takes stress
C) iver (A if'e@r // always takes stress: aktiverende/motivering
i (voor %i // move default stress: ivoor and compounds
ié '!i // pronounce dié/nié, etc. with stress
C) i (ësta %i // fiësta/siësta
.group in
_) in (aCemP2 'In_ //inasem/inademing, etc.
C) in (asem _@n // fix i sound, pause: rookinaseming and similar
self) in (C@ _@n // selfingenome/-nheid/selfinkeer, etc.
_) in (a@P2 In // inakkuraat/inaktief/inaktiwiteit
_) inbe (lC Inb%& // fix e sound in compounds like inbelprogram
indone (si @nd%uni: // fix stress and vowel sounds: Indonesië/Indonesiese
s) in (gestel @n // split n g: compounds with ingesteldheid/winsingestelde
_) in (oe In_ // fix i sound, pause: inoefen/-oes and derivatives
invest (eer @nv%Est // fix stress, v and e sounds: investeer/-der
investe (r@ @nv%Este@ // fix e sound: (kapitaal)investering/investerende
_) inder (C @nd@r // inderdaad/inderhaas/indertyd
_) indel (C Ind&l // fix e sound: indelf/indelwe/indelwing
indi (a@ @nd%i // fix stress: Indiaan/Indiane
in (dien @n //indienstreding/indiensopleiding/indiensplasing
indis (kr @nd@s // stress: indiskreet/-e/indiskresie/-s
in (doena @n // move default stress: indoena/-s
indwing Indw@N // fix d sound: indwing/-ing
in (een @n // ineengedoke/ineengekrimp/ineenstorting and many similar
_) in (ent ''In_ // fix stress, i sound, pause: inent/-ing
infan (ti @nf%an // fix stress: infantiel/-e
in (fek @n // move default stress: infeksie/-s and compounds
infor (ma @nf%Or // move default stress: informant/-e/informasie
in (formeP2 'In // fix e sound: informele
in (halig @n // move default stress: inhalig/-e/-heid
in (hegten @n // move default stress: inhegtenisname/-neming/-s
inisi (A %in%iS%i // fix stress and s sound: inisiasie/inisieer/inisieel/-ële/inisiatief
inisie @n'is%i // fix definisie etc.
inisi (eA %in%iS%i // fix inisieer etc.
in (kenn @n // move default stress: inkennig/-e/-heid
insek (A InsEk_ // fix e sound, pause: insekeier/-etend/-eter/-oog/-orde
insek (u @ns@k // but: insekuriteit and compounds
insi (dent @ns@ // insident/e/insidentjie
in (skik @n // move default stress: inskiklik and derivatives
in (skrip @n // move default stress: inskripsie/-s
in (spek @n // move default stress: inspeksie/-s and compounds
in (stan @n // move default stress: instandhouding/instansie/-s
insti (tu @nst@ // fix stress and 2nd i sound: instituut/-tute and compounds
inte (gre @nt@ move default stress: integrerend/-e
integ (ri @nt&x2 // fix e sound: integriteit and compounds
inter (nasio @nt@r // fix stress: internasionaal/-nale
inter (nerin @nt@r // move default stress: internering and compounds
inter (niK @nt@r // move default stress: internis/-te and compounds
in (tiem @n // move default stress: intiem/e
intimi (dA @nt@m@ // intimidasie/intimideer
_) intro (C @ntr%u // fix stress and o sound: introduksie and compounds/introspeksie/-tief/-we
intuï @nt%u:i // fix stress and u sound: intuïsie/-tief/-tiewe
ingrypen @nx2reIp@n // move default stress and correct 1st e in ingrypender
innemen @ne@m@n // move default stress and correct 2nd e in innemendste
intrige @ntrix2@ // intrige/-s; fix 2nd i sound
intrig (e@ @ntr%ix2 // stress and vowel sounds: intrigeer/intrigerende/intrigering
innuendo @ny:|'End@U // innuendo('s)
invalide @nv%alid@ // stress and v sound: invalide and compounds
in (werkingCC @n // move default stress: inwerkingstelling and compounds/inwerkingstelling
_) ingee (+ 'Inx2e@ // se rule: _) inge (@P4 @nx2@
_) inge (@P4 'Inx2@ // prefix inge always has stress on 1st slb
inge (wing 'Inx2e@ // see rule: _) inge (@P4 @nx2@
@C) inge (_ @N@
ing (s IN // begrotingsrede/ontvangslokaal/geringste
_) ing (@ 'Inx2 // ingaan/ingang/ingiet/ingly/ingroei/ingreep...
ingang _Inx2aN // ingang/hoofingang/ingangsprotaal
&) ing (_ @N
@) in (gryp @n // split n/g: staatsingryping and similar
indjie IiNci
intjie IiNci
indivi @nd@v@ // individu/individuele and others
indiwi @nd@v@ // indiwidu/indiwiduele and others
_) in (erC @n // fix i sound: inert/inersie
in (heems @n // move default stress: inheems/-e/-heid/verinheemsing
instruks @nstr'Wks // instruksie/s (stress)
instrukt @nstr%Wkt // instrukteur/s/instrukteer (stress)
_) in (studeP2 ''In // move stress to prefix and fix e sound: instudering/instudeer
.group j
j j
j (j
ja (broer jA: // fix a sound: jabroer/-s
_) jack _^_EN // English: Jack/-ie/-son
_) jag (A j''ax2_ // fix stress and a sound: jagavontuur/-ekspedisie/-entoesias/-eskader/-instink...
jag (end jA:x2 // but long a in jagend/-e and compounds
jag (er jA:x2 // long a in jager and compounds
jag (ing jA:x2 // long a in (ver)jaging and similar
jaguar jagwar // fix a, g and u sounds: jaguar and compounds
_) ja (CobA j%a // fix stress and a sound: Jacoba/Jacobus/Jakobus
jacaranda j%ak%ar'anda //jacaranda and compounds
jakaranda j%ak%ar'anda //jakaranda and compounds
jakob (regop j%A:k%Op // move default stress: jakobregop/-pies and similar
jakopewer j%ak%Ope@v@r_ // fix stress and vowel sounds: jakopewer/-oë
jaloe (sie j%al%u // stress: jaloesie/beroepsjaloesie
_) jan (C@ j%an // fix stress and n sound: janfiskaal/janfrederik/jangroentjie/janrap/jansalie
_) ja (nnA+ ja // restore default stress: Janna/Jannie/Janneman, etc.
_) jan (sAnK jan // restore default stress: Jansen/Janson/-s
_) j (antjieK++ j // fix a sound: Jantjie/-s
januarie jany,A:ri
japo (n j%apO // fix stress and shorten a sound: japon/-ne and compounds/japonika
jas (myn j%as // move default stress: jasmyn and compounds
jazz dZ&:z // fix j and a sounds: jazz and compounds
jean _^_EN
jeep _^_EN // English pronunciation
jellie dZ'Eli
jenewer j@ne@v@r // fix stress and e sounds: jenewer and compounds
jerusalem j@rys%al%Em // Jerusalem/-gangers
jesus ji:sWs // Jesus also used as part of compounds: Jesusbaard/Jesusklong
_) jor (da j%Or // move default stress: Jordaniese/Jordaan/-s/-streek
joer (na j%ur // move default stress: joernaal/joernale/ compounds: joernaalinskrywing, etc.
joha (n j%uha // Johan/Johanna/Johannie
john _^_EN // English pronunciation: John/-ny/-son/-ston
jonge jON@ // jongeling/jongeres
jong (etjie jON // fix e sound: jongetjie/-s
_) jorda (nië j%OrdA: // move default stress: Jordanië/Jordaniese
joule dZu:l // (kilo)joules
_) jungi (a j,uN%i // fix stress and u sound: Jungiaans/-e
junie juni
julie juli
ju (rid j%u // fix stress and u sound: juridies/-e
juris (dik j%ur@s // jurisdiksie and compounds
ju (we j%y // juweel/juwele and compounds
juwe (lier j%yv@ // stress and vowel sounds: juwelier and compounds
juwele j%yve@l@ // fix e sound in compounds like: goud-/familie-/klankjuwele
.group k
k k
k (k
keiser keIz@r //keiser last e and s sounds
keiser (in k%eIz@r // move default stress: keiserin/-ne
keling k@l@N
kkeling k@l@N
kelend (_ k@l@nt
kelende (_ k@l@nd@
kkelend (_ k@l@nt
kkelende (_ k@l@nd@
kelkie (wyn k%&lk%i // move default stress: kelkiewyn/-e
kelner k&ln@r // fix 2nd e sound in compounds like kelnerbaadjie, etc.
kelner (in k%&ln@r // move default stress: kelnerin/-ne/-netjie
ke (nnAK kE // fix e sound: boek-/markkenner/-kennis
kera (miek k%&r%a // move default stress: keramiek and compounds
n) kerend (_ k@r@nt //hunkerend and others
n) kerende (_ k@r@nd@ //hunkerende and others
kerk (_ k&rk // fix e sound: (plat-/riet)dakkerk, etc.
kerke (_ k&rk@ // fix e sound: barokkerke and similar
kerkie (K k&rki // fix e sound: (plat-/riet)dak-/barokkerkie/-s
kerker k&rk@r // fix e sounds: gekerkerde/inkerkering/kerkermuur, etc.
flik) kerkers k@rk&:rs // fix e sounds: flikkerkers/-e
weder) ker (A k'e@r // wederkerend/wederkerig
bottel) kers k&:rs // fix e sound: bottelkers/-e
fees) kers k&:rs // fix e sound: feeskers/-e and compounds
@) ker (sie_ k&r // fix e sound: koekkersies and similar compounds
@) ker (tjie k@r // fix last e sound: merkertjie/werkertjie, etc.
kete (l ke@t@ // fix e sounds: stookketel/ketelmaker and many similar compounds
_) keuse k''Y@s@ // fix connecting e sound in compounds starting with keuse
kiaat k%i;A:t // move default stress: kiaat and compounds
kieser (@ kis@r // fix e sound: kiesertal/-weerstand/kieserskorps/-lys/-opkoms...
kikoe (joe k%iku: // fix stress, lengthen oe: kikoejoe and compounds
kilimandjaro k%il@m%andZA:ru // fix stress and vowel and "dj" sounds: kilimandjaro and compounds
_) kilo kil%u // fix o sound in compounds: kilogram/-liter/-meter
ki (netie k%i // move default stress: kineties/-e
kker (A k@r // swakkerig/blikkerig/flikkerend/flikkering
klaarblyklik klA:rbl'eIkl@k // klaarblyklik/e
kla (kous klA: // fix stress and long a sound: klakous/-e
klande (sti kl%and@ // move default stress: klandestien/-e
_) kla (sA@@ kla // klasaantekeninge/klasonderwyser and other compounds
kla (ssiek kl%a // move default stress: klassiek/-e
klavesimbel klA:v@s@mb@l // fix v and e sounds: klavesimbel and compounds
kla (vier kl%a // klavier and many compounds
klawer klA:v@r // fix e sound: klawerplant/-patroon
klawer (a kl%A:v@r_ // move default stress: klaveraas/-agt
klawer (boer kl%A:v@r // move default stress: klawerboer
klawer (dr kl%A:v@r // move default stress: klawerdrie
klawer (heer kl%A:v@r // move default stress: klawerheer
klawer (jas kl%A:v@r // move default stress: klawerjas and compounds
klawer (nege kl%A:v@r // move default stress: klawernege
klawer (sew kl%A:v@r // move default stress: klawerses/-sewe
klawerses kl%A:v@rsEs // fix stress and last e sound: klawerses
klawer (t kl%A:v@r // move default stress: klawertwee/-tien
klawer (v kl%A:v@r // move default stress: klawervier/-vyf/-vrou
klawer (veld klA:v@r // restore default stress: klawerveld/-e
kleinse (rig kl%eInse@ // fix stress and e sound: kleinserig/-e/-heid
klein (sieli kl%eIn // move default stress: kleinsielig/-e/-heid
_) kamele kam'e@l@ // kamele teenoor skamele
karakter k%arakt@r
ken (merken k%En
@) keurig k'Y@r@x2 // kieskeurig/noukeurig/(on)willekeurig and derivatives
_) ki (ta k%i // move default stress: kitaar and compounds
klarine (t kl%ar%inE // fix stress and a and e sounds: klarinet/-te/-konsert, etc.
klere kle@r@
kleur (effek klY@r // e sound in kleureffek/-te
kleure klY@r@ // fix e sound: kleurebeeld/-gloed/-kaart/-kontras/-mengeling/-prag/-sin...
kli (maat kl@ // move default stress: klimaat and compounds
kli (mop klI // fix i sound: klimop(plant)
berg) klim (A klIm_ // fix i sound in compounds like bergklimuitstappie/-ekspedisie
kli (niek kl@ // fix stress and i sound: kliniek and compounds
klip (A klIp_ // fix i sound: klipalbaster/-altaar/--uil/leiklipolie
klou (sule kl%@U // move default stress: klousule/-s
kklere =kl'e@r@
kners (_ kn&rs // fix e sound: blikners/tande(ge)kners, etc.
knip (A knIp? // knipogie/geknipoog/
_) krag (A kr''ax2_ // kragaanleg/-eenheid/-installasie/-onderbreking/-opwekker
kra (gie krA: // but: kragie/-s
kra (wat kr%a // fix stress and 1st a sound: krawat/-te and compounds
kre (diet kr@ // move default stress: krediet/-kaart/-balans, etc.
kre (dit kr%E // fix e sound: krediteer/akkreditasie
kreme (tart kr@m@ // fix stress and e sounds: kremetart and compounds
_) kre (o kr%i // fix stress and e sound: Kreool/Kreole/Kreoolse
_) kre (pe@ kr@ // fix stress and 1ste sound: krepeer/-krepering
kriewe (l kriv@ // fix e sound: kriewelend/kriewelkous/-krapper/-siekte...
krimi (nA kr@m@' // krimineel/kriminele/diskrimineer
kri (oel kr%i // move default stress: krioel and derivatives
kri (sant kr@ // move default stress: krisant/-e
krista (l kr@sta // move default stress: kristal and many compounds
krit (A kr@t // kriteria/-ium/kritiseer and derivatives
krities kritis //krities and compounds
krieket krik@t //krieket e sound and stress
krieketw krik@tv //krieket followed by w in compounds always v
krokodi (l kr%Ok@dI // (wyfie)krokodil/-le
kro (niek kr%u // fix stress and o sound: kroniek and many compounds
kruger kr'Y@@r
ku (ba@ k%y // move default stress: kubaan/kubane
ku (biek k%y // move default stress: kubiek/-e/-getal
_) kuber kyb@r // fix e sound: kuberruim(te)
kulin k%Wl%in // Move default stress and fix u sound: kulinër/-e
@) kundi (g k'Wnd@ // wiskundige/onoordeelkundigheid and many similar
kurwe kWrv@ // fix e sound: kurwes/skurwebas/skurwebek/skurwepadda
i) kus k'Ws // chemikus/historikus/politikus, etc.
_) kw kw // fis w sound in kw combination at start of word/after prefix: weggekwynde, etc.
kwaad (aardi kw%A:t_ // move default stress: kwaadaardig/-e/-heid
kwa (dra kw%a // move default stress: kwadraat/kwadrate
kwali (C@ kw%al%i // kwaliteit/kwalifiseer
kwaran (t kw%ar@n // kwarantyn and compounds
_) kwar (tA kw%ar // move default stress: kwartaal/kwartier
_) kwarteind kwart_eInt // restore default stress, pause: kwarteind(-rondte/-stryd/-wedstryd
kwart (eeu kwart_ // stress and short break: kwarteeu(-fees/-viering...)
kwartel kwart@l_ // restore default stress: kwartel/-eier/-s and similar
kwarte (t kw%artE // fix stress and e sound: (stryk)kwartet/-te
kwa (tryn kw%a // move default stress: kwatryn/-e/kwatrynvorm
kwela kwE:la // fix vowel sounds: kwela/-dans, etc.
_) kwik (A kwIk_ // fix i sound: kwikinhoud/-oksied
kwinte (t kw@ntE // fix stress and e sound: (stryk)kwintet/-te
kwi (tans kw@ // move default stress: kwitansie and compounds
.group ka
@A) kaa (t k'A: // advokaatstoga/fabrikaat/sertifikaatjie/triplikaat and many similar
@) kate (_ k'A:t@ // plurals of some of the above
advo) kate (C 'kA:t@ // fix e sound and stress: advokatekamer/s/-latyn
kabare (t k%ab%arE // fix stress and 1st a sound: kabaret/-te and compounds
kabel kA:b@l //stress and e sound
kabeljou kab@lj'@U //kabeljou and compounds
kabine (t k%ab%inE // kabinet/drankkabinet/-te/kabinetsvergadering
_) ka (d@ k%a // stress and 1st a: kadawer-/kadet-/kado/kadot(jie)/kadriel,etc.
ka (der kA: // restore stress on long a: kader/-s and compounds
kad (mium kad // fix stress and d sound: kadmium and compounds
kafe (te k%af@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: kafeteria and compounds
kafe (ï k%af%i // fix stress and vowel sounds: kafeïene and compounds
ka (jak k%a // fix stress and 1st a sound: kajak/-ke/-vaarder
kakao k%akA:w // fix stress and vowel sounds: kakao and many compounds
kake (C kA:k@ // kakebeen/skakelaar/skakelbord/skakelfunksie
kalahari kalah'A:ri // stress: Kalahari/-sand/-woestyn
_) ka (lAnC k%a // kalender and compounds/kalant/kalander and compounds
kal (bas k%al // move default stress: kalbas and derivatives and compounds
kalender k%alEnd@r // fix stress and vowel sounds: kalender/-s and compounds
kali (b k%ali // kaliber/kalibrasie/kalibreer
kal (koen k%al // move default stress: kalkoen and compounds
kalmeer kalm'e@r // kalmeer/gekalmeer
kalmer (A kalm'e@r // kalmerend/e/kalmering
kalwer kalv@r_ // fix e sound: kalwerliefde/-oes and many similar compounds
ka (mas k%a // fix stress and 1st a sound: kamas/-te and compounds
kamer kA:m@r // compounds: kamerindeling/kamerorkes, etc.
kamera kam@ra
kamer (atjie kam@r // fix a sound: kameratjie and compounds
kamerade k%am@rA:d@ // stress: kamerade/skeepskamerade
kameraa kam@r'A:
kamer (C kA:m@r // kamerdeur/eetkamermat/sitkamervenster
kamoeflage k%am%uflA:Z // kamoeflage and compounds
kamoe (fl k%am%u // move default stress: kamoefleer/kamoeflering and compounds
ka (nale k%a // short a in compounds: kommunikasie-/verbindingskanale, etc.
kandi (dA k%an%i // kandidaat/kandidate and compounds
@A) kaner (_ k'A:n@r // Afrikaner/Amerikaner
kanfer kA~nf@r_ // fix e sound: kanferboom/-bos/-hout/-olie, etc.
kanfer (foel k%A~nf@r // move default stress: kanferfoelie and compounds
kanni (ba k%an%i // move default stress: kannibaal/kannibale/kannibalisme
@) ka (non k%a // shorten a sound in compounds like waterkanon/-ne
_) kano (vaar k%ano@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: kanovaarder/vaart, etc.
kano (_ k%ano@ // fix last o sound: (opblaas)kano/-'s
kanse (lK kans@ // not nasalised: kansel(kleed/-taal, etc.)
kanse (lle k%ans@ // fix stress, not nasalised: (ge)kanselleer
kan (tien k%an // move default stress: kantien and compounds
_) kan (to@ k%an move default stress: kantoor/kantore and compounds
kant (onder kant_ // kantonderklere/-onderrok, etc.
ka (paCeC k%a // move default stress and shorten 1st a sound: kapabel/-e/kapater
kapa (siteit k%ap%a // shorten a sounds: kapasiteit/-e and compounds
kape (l k%ap& // move default stress and fix e sound: kapel and compounds
kape (la@ k%ap@ // fix e sound: kapelaan/kapelane and compounds
kaper (jol k%ap@r // fix stress and a sound: kaperjolle and compounds
kapi (ta k%ap%i // fix stress and 1st a sound: kapitaal and compounds/kapitalis/-me/-ties
_) kapo (C k%apO // move default stress and shorten a: kapok and compounds/kapot
kap (tein k%ap // kaptein/kapteinskap/skeepskaptein
kapsule k%apsyl@ // stress and e sound: kapsule/-fabriek/-vorm, etc.
kara (byn k%ar%a // fix stress and a sounds: karabyn/-e and compounds
karamel k%ar%am&l // fix stress and e sound: karamel/-vla and other compounds
karate k%arA:t%i // fix stress and vowel sounds: karate and compounds
_) kar (b k%ar // move default stress: karba/karbol/karbonkel and their compounds
kar (be kar // restore default stress: karbestuurder/-s/-besitter, etc.
kar (does k%ar // move default stress: kardoes and compounds
_) ka (rien k%a // fix stress and a sound: Karien/Karientjie/Kariena
karika (tu k%ar%ik%a // fix stress and a sounds: karikatuur/karikature
karme (naadj k%arm@ // fix stress and e sound: karmenaadjie and compounds
karmosyn k%arm%useIn // fix stress and o sound: karmosyn and compounds
karna (val k%arn%a // fix stress and 2nd a sound: karnaval and compounds
kar (nuffel k%ar // move default stress: (ge)karnuffel/-de
kara (koel k%ar%a // fix stress and a sounds: karakoel and compounds
kara (va k%ar@ // move default stress: karavaan/karavane
ka (ros k%a // a short, unstressed: karos/-se and compounds
kartets k%artEts // fix stress and e sound: kartets/-e and compounds
kar (ton k%ar // move default stress: karton and compounds
_) kar (ve k%ar // move default stress: karveel/karvele
kar (ven kar // restore default stress: karvenster and compounds
kar (ver kar // restore default stress: karverkoper/-verhuurder, etc.
kar (wats k%ar // move default stress: karwats and compounds
kar (wei k%ar // move default stress: karwei and derivatives
kar (wy k%ar // move default stress: karwysaad and compounds
ka (sarm k%a // move default stress: kasarm and compounds
kaserne k%as&rn@ // move default stress, fix 1st e sound: kaserne and compounds
kaske (nade k%ask@ // fix stress and e sound: kaskenade/-s and compounds
_) ka (sta k%a // move default stress: kastaiing and compounds
kasta (njet k%ast%a // move default stress: kastanjet/-te and compounds
_) ka (ste@ k%a // move default stress: kasteel/kastele and compounds
ka (sty k%a // move default stress: kasty/-der/-ding
kasse (t k%asE // fix stress and e sound: kasset/-te and compounds
kaster (olie kast@r_ // fix stress, insert pause: kasterolie(bottel...)
ka (strol k%a // move default stress: kastrol/-le and compounds
_) kata ,kata
ka (tarsi k%a // fix stress: katarsis/-se and compounds
katalo (gA k%atal%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: katalogus and compounds/katalogi/katalogisering
kate (dr k%at@ // katedraal/katedrale and compounds
kate (gA k%at@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: kategis/-te/kategismus and compounds/kategese/kategeet
kategorie k,at@x2ur'i // to also handle plural
kategor (isA kat@x2ur // katagoriseer/kategorisering/gekategoriseer
kategories k,at@x2'o@ris // to move stress
K) katel kA:t@l // fix e sound of compounds: katelknop/-styl, etc.
katjie (pie k%aIc%i // move default stress: katjiepiering and compounds
katki (sA k%atk@ // fix i sound: katkiseer/katkisasie, etc.
_) ka (to k%a // fix stress and a sound: katode and compounds/katoliek/katots
_) ka (tr k%a // move default stress: Katrina/katrol and compounds
kaval (@ k%av@l // short, unstressed a sounds: kavalier(s)/kavalkade and compounds
.group ko
kobra ko@bra // fix vowel sounds: kobra/-gif/-slang, etc.
kode (ring k%o@de@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: kodering and compounds
koe (jawel k%u // move default stress: koejawel and compounds
koel (bloe k%ul // move default stress: koelbloedig/-e/-heid
koe (plet k%u // move default stress: koeplet/-te/-vorm
koe (pon k%u // move default stress: koepon/-s and compounds
koka (ï k%o@k%a // move default stress: kokaïen/kokaïne and compounds
ko (ketK k%u // fix stress and o sound: koket/-te/koketterig
_) kokke (C k%Ok@ // move default stress: kokkedoor/kokkerot/kokkewiet
ko (kon k%u // fix 1st o sound and move default stress: kokon and compounds
kol (jan k%Ol // move default stress: koljander and compounds
ko (lom k%u // fix stress and 1st o sound: kolom/-me and compounds
kol (wyn k%Ol // move default stress: kolwyntjie and compounds
komati (K k%umA:t%i // fix stress and vowel sounds: Komati(poort and other compounds)
kombers k%Omb&:rs // fix stress and e sound: kombers/-e/dons-/lappieskombers, etc.
ko (mete k%u // fix stress and 1st o sound: komete and compounds
kommando k%umandu // move stress, fix o sounds: kommando and compounds
kommer (si k%Om%&r // fix e sound: kommersieel/-ële
kommissari (a k%Om@s%ar%i // fix stress and vowel sounds: kommissariaat/kommissariate and compounds
kommissie k%umis%i //kommissie alone and in compounds
_) ko (pie@ k%u // kopiereg/kopieë
koe (rA k%u // koerier/koerasie/koerant and compounds
koe (rend ku // restore default stress: koerend/-e
ko (ra k%u // fix stress and o sound: koraal/korale and compounds
korrek k%urEk //korrek and derivatives
korrektiewe k%Or%Ektiv@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: korrektiewe(toesig, etc.)
korrig (e k%Or@x2 // move default stress: korrigeer and derivatives
kort (stond k%Ort // move default stress: kortstondig/-e/-heid
koever (t k%uf&r // koevert/-e/-jie and compounds
kollege kOlidZ // kollege/onderwyskollege
kolleges (_ k'OlidZ@s // kolleges/onderwyskolleges
kollek (s k%ulEk // fix stress and vowel sounds: (deur)kolleksie/-s
kolle (kteK k%ulE // fix stress and vowel sounds: (straat)kollekte(-bordjie/blikkie...)
kolle (ktA k%ul%E // fix stress and vowel sounds: kollekteer/kollektering/kollektant
koeël ku:l
kollega k%ule@x2%a // kollega/-s and compounds
kolonne k%ulOn@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: kolonne/-s/-pad/-paaie
kolonel kOl@n'&l
ko (loni k%u // kolonie/-s/kolonialisme/koloniseer
kolo (ssa k,Olu // move default stress: kolossaal/kolossale
kolo (sK k%ulO // move default stress and fix 1st e sound: kolos/-se
kombuis k%OmbYys // stress: kombuis/kombuistafel/sopkombuis
ko (medi k%u // move default stress, correct o sound
komedi (ant k%um%id%i // fix stress and vowel sounds: komediant/-e
_) ko (miek k%u // fix stress and o sound: komieklik/-e/-heid
komi (tee k%Om@
komkommer k%OmkOm@r // move default stress: komkommer/-slaai, etc.
komman (dA k%Om%an // move default stress: kommandeur and compounds
kommen (ta k%Om@n // kommentaar/kommentator
_) ko (mmo k%u // move default stress and fix 1st o sound: kommosie/-s/kommoditeit/-e
kommu (na k%Om%y // move default stress: kommunaal/-nale
kompan (jie k%Omp%an // move default stress: kompanjie/-stuin
kom (posisie k%Om // move default stress: komposisie/-s and compounds
kompro (mie k%Ompr%u // move default stress: kompromie/-ë
konse (kwen k%Ons@ // fix e sound: konsekwensies/konsekwent
konserv k%Ons@rv // fix stress and v sound: konservasie/konservatorium and compounds
kom (plA k%Om // komplot/kompleet
_) kon (C@P3 k%On
konden (se k%Ond%En // fix stress: (ge)kondenseer(de)/kondensering, etc.
_) kon (dig k'On // stress: see rule: _) kon (C k%On
konferen k%Onf@rEn // konferensie/-s/perskonferensie/-s
konfer (e k%Onf@r // fix e sound: (ge)konfereer/konferering
kongo (K k,ONgu // stress: kongolees/-lese
kong (otomie k%ONg // fix stress: kongotomie
koning (in k%o@n@N // fix stress: koningin/-ne and compounds
_) konka (K kONka // fix stress: konka/-s/-vure
konnekteer kOnEkt'e@r // (ge)konnekteer
konnek k%unEk // fix stress and vowel sounds: konneksie/-s and compounds
konkel kONk@l // restore default stress and fix [N] sound: konkelaar/konkelwerk, etc.
konsen (tr k%Ons@n // fix stress and e sound: konsentreer/konsentrerend/konsentrasie
konsen (trie k%Ons''En // fix stress and e sound: konsentries/-e
konsep (A k%OnsEp_ // fix e sound, pause: konsepooreenkoms and similar compounds
konsertina k%Ons@rtin%a // fix stress and vowel sounds: konsertina/-musiek and similar
konside (rA k%Ons@d@ // fix vowel sounds: konsiderasie/konsidereer
konsist k%Ons@st // konsistorie and compounds/konsistensie
konstabel k%OnstA:b@l // (hof/hoof/verkeers)konstabel/-s, etc.
konsti (tusi k%Onst@ // fix stress and i sound: konstitusie and compounds
konsul (A k%Ons%Wl // konsulaat/konsulate/konsulêr
kon (sul kOn // restore default stress: konsul and compounds
konsul (tant k%Ons%Wl // fix stress: konsultant/-e and compounds
kontak (A k%Ontak_ // fix a sound: kontakadres/-inligting/-oppervlakte, etc.
_) kontra (KP6 k'Ontra // kontra is prefix
kontra (diks k%Ontr%a // move default stress: kontradiksie/-s
_) kontrak k%Ontrak // move default stress: kontraksie/kontrak and compounds
kontrap (sie k%Ontrap // fix stress: kontrapsie/-s
_) kontras k%Ontras // move default stress: kontras/-te/kontrasteer
kontrasep k%Ontr%asEp // fix stress and e sound: kontrasepsie and derivatives
kontrover (s k%Ontr%uv&r // o and v sounds: kontroversie/kontroversieel
kop (o kOp? // fix o sound: koponderstebo/kopomdraai/kopoperasie/gryskoponderwyser/poenskopolifant
kop (agtig k%Op_ // fix o sound, insert break: hamer-/spinnekop-/penkopagtig(e(s))
kopu (lA k%Op%y // fix o sound: kopulasie/kopuleer and derivatives
_) kor (dA k%Or // kordaat/kordon
ko (rint k%u // fix stress and o sound: korint/-e and compounds
koren (t k%urEn // fix stress and vowel sounds: korente and compounds
korpo (raal k%Orp@ // move default stress: korporaal/-s/-strepe/onderkorporaal
ko (rrup k%u // fix stress and 1st o sound: korrup/-sie/-te/-teer
kor (set k%Or // move default stress: korset/-te and compounds
kort (sigtig k%Ort // move default stress: kortsigtig/-e/-heid
kosme (tiek k%Osm@ // move default stress: kosmetiek and compounds
kos (met k%Os // move default stress: kosmeties/-e
kosmo (poli k%Osm%u // fix stress and o sound: kosmopolities/-e
koste kOst@ // fix e sound in compounds: kostemodel/-ontleding/laekostelugdiens
kos (term kOs // fix e sound: kosterm/-e
kos (tu k%Os // move default stress: kostuum and compounds
kouka (sië k%ukA: // fix stress and vowel sounds: Koukasiër/-s
kou (sa@ k%@U // move default stress: kousaal/-ale
ko (ö k%u // koördinasie/koöpsie/koöperasie/-atief, etc.
.group l
l l
l (l
labi (rint l%ab@ // move default stress and fix vowel sounds: labirint and derivatives
laborator l%ab@-r%at'o@r //laboratorium and compounds
laf (aar laf // restore default stress: lafaard/-s and compounds
lagune l%ax2yn@ // move default stress: lagune and compounds
_) la (kon l%a // lakoniek/lakonies/lakonisme
lamfer lA~mf@r // fix e sound: lamferdoek/-vlae, etc. (variant)
lampe (t l%ampE // move default stress: lampet/-te/lampetbeker/-s
lanfer lA~mf@r // fix e sound: lanferdoek/-vlae, etc.
lam (len l%am // move default stress: lamlendeling/lamlendig/-e/-heid
lande (ry l%and@ // move default stress: landerye/compounds of landery-
_) land (_rover _^_EN
_) lang (d@@ l%aN // langdradig/langdurig and their derivitivs
_) lange (CA laN@ // e sound: langelaas/Langeberge
lang (werp l%aN // move default stress: langwerpig/-e/-heid
lank (moe l%aNk // move default stress: lankmoedig/-e/-heid
lano (lien l%an%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: lanolien(olie ...)
_) lan (sA l%an // move default stress: lanset/-te/lanseer/-ering/lansier
_) lapa (K lA:pa // fix words like lapakombuis
lapar (otomi l%ap%ar // fix stress and a sounds: laparotomie
lape (lK l%ap& //lapelwapen etc./lapelle/baadjielapelle
lapel (_ l%ap'&l //baadjielapel etc.
la (tent l%a // fix stress and a sound: latent/-e
latrine l%atrin@ // fix stress and e sound in compounds: latrine(deur, etc.)
laventel l%afEnt@l // fix stress and vowel sounds: laventel and compounds
C) le (_ _^_EN // words ending in consonant followed by le are English
l) le (_ l@ // but: brille/pille, etc.
&) lede (_S4 le@d@
ver) lede (K le@d@ // fix compounds like apartheidsverlede
lede (C le@d@ // ledemate/ledegeld/ledelys
lede (kant l%e@d@ // move default stress: ledekant and compounds
leding (_ le@d@N //fix ontleding and others
Ci) leer l'e@r // faksimileer/meubileer/stileer and similar
legende l@x2End@ // move default stress; fix e sounds
legen (da l@x2@n // move default stress and fix e sounds
legi (oen l%Ex2%i // fix stress and e sound: legioen/-e and compounds
le (kker l& // fix e sound: luilekker/-dae/-lewe, etc
leli (k le@l@ // fix e sound and stress: lelik and derivatives
_) lende lEnd@ // lendelam/lendene/compounds of lende
lening le@n@N // banklening/sorgverlening/hulpverlening...
lepe (ll le@p@ // fix 2nd e sound in compounds: lepellê, etc.
@C) les (K lEs // aanvangsles/musiekles/koffiefles
@C) lesse (_ lEs@ // fix e sound of words ending in lesse: sanglesse/geskiedenislesse, etc.
ie) les (_ lEs // fix e sound: biologie-/geografie-/anatomieles
@) less (_ _^_EN // English words ending in -less in Afrikaans text: harmless/motherless, etc.
@l) le (sC@ l@ // fix e sound: getallestelsel/gevallestudie/novelleskrywer
leuen (tjie lY@iN // leuentjie/witleuentjie
_) lev (i l@f // Levitikus/Leviet
levi (atan l%e@v%i // fix stress and vowel and v sounds: leviatan(sgeslag)
lewe (K le@v@ // belewenis/lewendig/agtergeblewenes/hotellewe/skoollewe/stillewe
A) lewerk l@v&rk // fix e sounds: kontrole-/kralewerk
lewe (tjie le@vi // fix 2nd e sound: lewetjie/-s
libe (rA l@b@ // liberaal/liberale/liberalis/-me/(ge)libereer
_) libe (ri@ l@be@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: Liberië/Liberies/-e
liefdes lifd@s // liefdesbrief/daad/geskiedenis/verhouding...
lief (tall l%if // move default stress: lieftallig/-e/-heid
ligen l@x2'En
_) li (g lI // fix stress: liggaam/liggies/ligte
li (ga_ li // fix i sound: liga/vroueliga, etc.
_) li (gaC li // vix i sound: compounds starting with liga/ligatuur
liggaamlik l@x2A:ml@k // stress liggaamlik/-e/-heid
lig (hoofd l@x2 // move default stress: lighoofdig/-e/-heid
&) lik (_S3 l@k
&) like (_S4 l@k@
&) like (C@ l@k@ // fix -like-: burgerlikebeskermingsaksie/komieklikerig/menslikehulpbronne, etc.
&) likes (_S5 l@k@s
&) liker (_S5 l@k@r
li (keur l@ // fix stress and i sound: likeur and compounds
likke (wa l@k@ // move default stress: likkewaan/likkewane
&) likste (_S6 l@kst@
li (kwid l%i // fix 1st i sound: (ge)likwideer/likwidasie/likwiditeit
lini (aal l@n%i // fix stress and 1st i sound: liniaal(tjie) and compounds
litera (t l@t@r%a // literatuur/literature/literatore, but literbottel
liter (A l@t@r // fix i sound: literêr/-e/alliterasie
_) li (mi l@ // fix stress and 1st i sound: limiet/-e/limitasie/limiteer
limousine l@m%uzi:n // limousine and compounds
lingu (i l%iNgw // linguiste/linguistiek/linguisties
linker lINk@r // blinkertjies/many compounds with linker and klinker
lino (leum l@no@ // fix stress and i sound: linoleum and compounds, e.g. linoleumvloere
li (riek l@ // fix stress and i sound: liriek/-e
_) lito (C l%it%u // fix stress and o sound: several compounds beginning with lito-
lit (otomie l%it // move default stress: litotomie
_) lit (ograf l%it // to accommodate litografie/-grafies
li (turgie l@ // fix stress and i sound: liturgie/-s/-se
@) ll (_N _^_EN // Words ending in -ll are English
lobola l%ObO:la // fix stress and vowel sounds: lobola and compounds
loboto (mie l%ub%Ot%u // fix stress and o sounds: lobotomie
lo (ja l%u // fix stress and o sound: lojale/lojaliteit
lo (kalA l%u // fix stress and o sound: lokale/ontvangslokale, etc.
loke (t l%ukE // fix stress and vowel sounds: many compounds with loket
lom (bardA l%Om // move default stress: Lombardies/-e/Lombarde
_) lore (C@ lo@r@ // fix e sound: verloregaan/verloregoederekantoor/Verlorerivier
_) losge (@P5 l'Osx2@
_) losies l%us'is //losies at start always means "to stay"
&) lm (K l@-m
lisensie l@sE:ns%i
lisensi (eer l@s%Ens%i // fix stress and vowel sounds: (on)gelisensieer/-de
lering (_ l'e@r@N //isolering distilering correct @ to e@ and force stress
lokomo ,lukumu' //lokomotief and friends
losbandi (g l%Osband@ // fix stress and d sound: losbandig/-e/-er
lou (rier l%@U // move default stress: lourier/-krans, etc.
lug (A lWx2? // lugaanval/lugafweer/lugopname
_) lug (C l''Wx2 // force stress on 1st slb.: lugbombardement and similar
luid (rugt l%Yyd // move default stress: luidrugtig/-e/-heid
luite (nant l%Yyt@ // fix e sound and move default stress: luitenant and compounds
luksa (lig l%Wks'A: // move default stress: (wel)geluksalig/-e/-heid
lu (kwart ly // fix u sound: lukwart and compounds
lu (mier l%W // fix stress and u sound: lumier and compounds
lupine l%upin@ // fix u sound: lupine/-veld and similar
lusern l%us&:r@n // fix stress and vowel sounds: lusern and many compounds
lus (o lWs_ // fix u sound: eetlusopwekker/lusoord/lusopening, etc.
@) lusti (g l'Wst@ // move default stress: strydlustig/lewenslustig and many similar
luther lyt@r // fix vowel sounds, drop h: Luther/-s/-se
lyk (moed l%eIk // move default stress: gelykmoedig/-e/-heid
lyk (nam l%eIk // move default stress: gelyknamig/-e
.group m
m m
m (m
// mc _^_EN // The mac names does not work
CA) mme (C m@
CA) mme (tjie mi // lemmetjie/stemmetjie and similar
@) mn (_ _^_EN // words ending in -mn are English: damn/autumn/column...
@) mpel (A mp@l // bewimpeling/dompelaar/strompeling
murmel mWrm@l // fix e sound in compounds like murmelgeluid
museum m%ysY@m // move default stress
musiek m%Wsik
musi (C mysi' // musikant/musikus/musici
muskadel m%Wsk%ad&l // fix stress and a and e sounds: muskadel/-druif/-wyn, etc.
muskel (jaat m%Wsk@l // move default stress: muskeljaat/-kat and compounds
muske (tier m%Wsk@ // move default stress: musketier/-s
mymer meIm@r // fix e sound: mymerend/mymering/mymeraar
môre (@ mO:r@ // HAT: all compounds starting with môre- take stress on 1st slb.
.group ma
@) marie (_ m%ar'i //names ending in marie fix a and stress.
mari (tiem m%ar@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: maritiem/-e
macadamia m%ak%adA:m%i;%a // fix stress and a sounds: macadamia(-neut/-e)
macedo (nA m%as@do@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: Macedonië/Macedóniër/-s
machiave m%ak%i%avE // fix stress, vowel and v sounds: Machiavelliaans/-e
made (lie m%A:d@ // fix stress and e sound: madeliefie/-s/watermadeliefies
_) ma (d m%a // fix stress and 1st a sound: madonna/-s/-beeld/-lelie/Madiba/Madras
maga (lie m%ax2a // fix stress and a sounds: Magalies/-berg/-e/-burg/-kruin
maga (syn m%ax2%a // magasyn and many compounds
ma (gister m%a // fix stress and a sound: magister and compounds
magis (tra m%ax2%is // magistraat and many compounds
mag (nA@ m%ax2 // move default stress: magneet/magnete/magneties
ma (griet m%a // move default stress: Magriet/-e/-jie
ma (hA m%a // mahoniehout/-lessenaar and similar/mahala
majesteitli m%A:j@steItl@ // move default stress: majesteitlik/-e/-heid
majestu m%A:j@st%y // fix stress: majestueus/-e
makaber m%akA:b@r // fix stress and vowel sounds: makaber/-e/-heid
maka (paan m%ak%a // fix stress and a sounds: Makapaan/-s/-grot and compounds
ma (kassar m%a // fix stress and 1st a sound: (anti)makassar/-s
@) makie (sie mak'i // fix a sound and stress: bol(le)makiesie/-slanery
ma (kietie m%a // fix stress and a sound: makietie and compounds: verjaardagmakietie/-s
@) makranka makr'anka // fix stress and vowel sounds: koek(e)makranka/-s
ma (kriel m%a // move default stress: makriel/-e
maksi (ma@ m%aks%i // move default stress: maksimaal/-male
&) mal (_S3 mal
mala (giet m%al%a // fix stress and a sounds: malagiet and compounds
malaria mal'A:ria
mal (gas m%al // move default stress: Malgas/-se/-sies
malles (_ mal@s // fix e sound: (mags)malles and similar
_) malte (sA m%alte@ // move default stress and fix e sound: maltese/maltesies
malva (K malf%a // shorten a sound: malva(poeding)/stoepmalva
mam (poer m%am // move default stress: mampoer and compounds
man (da m%an //mandaat and compounds
mando (lien m%and%u // fix stress and o sound: mandolien and compounds
mane (l m%an& // fix stress and e sound: (kerk)manel(le)punte, etc.
mane (wale m%an@ // fix stress and shorten a sound: manewale/-s and compounds
_) mango maNg%u // fix g and o sounds: mangoboord/-sap/-'s
man (haft m%an // move default stress: manhaftig/-e/-heid
mani (akK mA:n%i // fix stress and 1st a sound: maniak/-ke and compounds
mania (k m%A:n%i;%a // but stress towards end: maniakaal/-kale
manier m@ni:r //manier and compounds
manifes manifEs // fix vowel sounds: manifes and compounds/manifestasie/manifesteer
mani (ku m%an%i // fix stress and a sound: manikuur and compounds
manilla (C m%anIl%a // fix stress and a sounds: manillakoevert/-papier, etc.
manipu m%an%ip%y // fix stress and a sound: manipuleer/manipulering/manipulasie
manji (fie m%anj@ // fix stress and i sound: manjifiek/-e
man (moe m%an // move default stress: manmoedig/-e/-heid
manne (kyn m%an@ // move default stress: mannekyn/-e and compounds
man (sjet m%an // move default stress: mansjet/-te/-knoop/-knope
manu (sk ,many
_) ma (rA m%a // short, unstressed a: Marietjie/Marina/Marinda/Marita/Maree/marog
marat (on mar%at // fix stress and a sounds: maraton and compounds
marathon mar%at%On_ // fix stress, a sound, drop h: marathon and compounds: marathonatleet, etc.
marga (ri m%arx2%a // fix stress and a sound: margarien and compounds
marine (K m%arin@ // marine and compounds
mario (net m%ar%i%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: marionet/-te and compounds
ma (ritz m%a' // fix stress: Maritz/Pietermaritsburg
marmelade m%arm@lA:d@ // fix stress and e sounds: marmelade and compounds
marmer marm@r_ // fix e sound: marmerbeeld/-blad and many others
marmo (set m%arm%u // fix stress and o sound: marmoset/-te
mar (sje m%ar // move default stress: marsjeer and derivatives
mas (biek m%as // move default stress: masbieker/-s
masedon (i m%as@do@n // fix stress and vowel sounds: Masedonië/-r/Masedoniese
masjien m@Sin // masjien and many compounds
masji (na@ m%aS%i // move default stress: masjinaal/-ale
maskara m%askA:r%a // move default stress: maskara and compounds
masker mask@r // fix e sound: maskerafdruk/-agtig/ontmaskering
masker (ade m%ask@r // move default stress: maskerade/-s
maso (chis m%as%u // fix vowel sounds: masochis/-te/-ties/-e/-isme
mastekto (m m%astEkt%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: mastektomie and compounds
mate (mati m%at@ // fix vowel sounds: matematies/-e/matematika
materi (A@ m%at%e@r%i // materiaal/materiale/materiële/materieel
materie (+ m%ate@r%i // stress and vowel sounds: materie and many compounds
ma (tesis m%a // fix stress and 1st a sound: matesis and compounds
maties m'A:tis //tamaties, outomaties etc.
ma (tr m%a // matriek and many compounds with matriek/matras/matroos/matrose
ma (trikK mA: // lengthen a sound: matriks/-e
@) matig m'A:t@x2 // doelmatig/gelykmatig/regmatig; matig takes stress in compounds
mayonnaise m%eIj%uneI:z // mayonnaise and compounds
.group me
medalje m@dalj@ // medalje/bronsmedalje/medaljewenner
medal (jon m@d%al // fix stress and e sound: medaljon/-s and compounds
_) mede (@P4 m'e@d@
mede (doë m%e@d@ // move default stress: mededoë/-nd
_) mede (ly m%e@d@// move stress
mede (plig m%e@d@ // move stress: medepligtige
media mi:di:ja, // compounds of media
medisi (na@ m%Ed@s%i // fix stress and vowel sounds: medisinaal/-nale
medi (tA m%Ed%i // fix e sound: mediteer/meditering/meditasie
medite (rre m%Ed%it@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: mediterreens/-e
me (dium mi: // fix e sound
_) me (duC m@ // fix stress and e sound: medulla/medusa
mee (doë m%e@ // move default stress
meerder (jar m%e@rd@r // move default stress: meerderjarig/-e/-es/-verklaring
meer (voudig m%e@r // move default stress: meervoudig/-e/-lik
meestere m%e@st@rE // fix stress and last e sound: (burge-...)meesteres/-se and similar compounds
mee (war m%e@ // move default stress: meewarig/-e/-heid
medisyne m@d@seIn@ //medisyne and compounds
meganies m@x2'A:nis
_) meege (@P5 m'e@x2@
_) meegewe (nd me@x2e@v@ // fix e sounds and stress: meegewend(e)
me (juf m@ // move default stress and shorten e sound
me (laats m@ // fix stress and e sound: melaats/-e/-heid
melancholie (_N m%El%aNk%o@li // fix stress and 1st e sound: melancholie
melanch m%El%aNk // stress and 1st e sound: melancholies/melancholiek/-e/melancholikus/-ci
melankolie (_N m%El%aNk%o@li // fix stress and 1st e sound: melankolie
melank m%El%aNk // stress and 1st e sound: melankolies/melankoliek/-e/melankolikus/-ci
mem (bra m%Em // move default stress: membraan/membrane
memo (rA m%Em%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: memorandum/memoranda and compounds/memoriseer/-sering
memo (riA m%Emo@ // fix stress and o sound: memorie(boek)/in memoriam
meneer m@n'e@r // meneer/meneertjie
menere m@n'e@r@ // menere/beroepsmenere
meng (sel mEN // fix e sound: sitronellamengsel and similar compounds
mening m'e@n@N
mening (itis mEn@Nx2 // see rule: mening m'e@n@N
menopou (sa m%En%up%@U // fix stress and vowel sounds: menopousaal/-ale
menstru m%Enstr%y // 1st e not nasalised, fix stress: menstruasie/menstrueer
mentee (C mEnt'e@ // argumenteer/dokumenteer/fragmenteer stress related
mentele (K mEnt'e@l@ // stress always on penultimate slb of words ending in ntele/-r
men (tasie m%En // fix stress: argumentasie/dokumentasie and similar
mentering mEnt'e@r@N
mekaar m@k'A:r
mekaarge m@k'A:rx2@
_) melodies m@l'o@dis //melodies and compounds
_) melodi (eu m%El%ud%i //melodieus
_) melodie mElud'i
_) melo (dr m'Elu //melodrama etc.
memora (bili m%Em%Or%a // fix vowel sounds and stress: (sport)memorabilia and similar
merk (_ m&rk // fix e sound: gety-/gly-/sny-/goedgemerk
merke (_ m&rk@ // fix e sound: gety-/gly-/snymerke
_) metel me@t@l // vermetel/-e/-es/-heid...
ment m'Ent
mentali (teit m%Ent%al%i // fix stress: mentaliteit/sentimentaliteit and compounds/slagoffermentaliteit
mentjie m'EiNci // monumentjie/dokumentjies
menue (t m%En%y:;E // fix stress and vowel sounds: menuet/-te
@C) mere (_ me@:r@ // fix penultimate e sound: sout(water)-/strandmere
me (riete m@ // move default stress: meriete and compounds
merino m@rin%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: merino/-skaap/-ram, etc.
te) merk m&rk // fix e sound: hoogte-/geboortemerk/-e/-ie
me (rrie mE // fix e sound: merrie/-s/perdemerrie and similar compounds
AAs) mes (_ mEs // fix last e sound in compounds like kombuismes
Cs) mes (_ mEs // fix last e sound in compounds like slagtersmes
hef) mes (_ mEs // fix e sound: hout-/rooihefmes and similar
sny) mes (_ mEs // fix final e sound in compounds like brood-/voorsnymes
tafel) mes (_ mEs // fix final e sound: tafelmes
_) mes (aan mEs_ // fix e sound, pause: mesaanval/-ler
metaa (C m@tA: // fix stress and e sound: metaal/metaan and compounds
metale m@t'A:l@
_) meta (C m%Et%a // metabolies/-e/metafoor/metafories
meteen mEt_'e@n // meteen/meteens/almeteens
mete (o m%it%i // fix stress and e sounds: meteoor and compounds/meteore/meteories/-e
meteo (riet m%it%i%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: meteoriet/-e and compounds
metode m@t'o@d@ // metode/s
me (tod m@ // metodies/metodiek
metodis mEtud'Is // metodis/ties/e/metodisme
me (trum me@ // fix e sound: metrum and compounds
mevrou m@fr'@U
.group mi
miaau m%iaU: // miaau/-end/-e
midde (l mId@ // middellyf/middelpunt/middelste/bemiddelend
middel (jari m@d@l // move default stress: middeljarig and derivatives
middelli (k mId@l@ // drop one l: (on)middellik/-e
milieu m@ljy // fix stress and vowel sounds: milieu and compounds
milit m@l@t // militêr/militaris
mil (jA m@l // move default stress: miljoen/-e/miljard/-e
mille (nniA m@lE // millennium/millennia
mi (miek m@ // fix stress and i sound: mimiek and compounds
mi (mosa m@ // fix stress and i sound: mimosa/-s
minag m'Inax2 // minag/geminag/minagting/minagtend
minare (t m@n%arE // fix stress and vowel sounds: minaret/-te
minder (jar m@n@r // move default stress: minderjarig and derivatives
miner (A m@n@r // mineraal and many compounds
mi (neur m%i // move default stress: mineur and compounds
ministe (rieK m@n@ste@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: ministerie/-s and compounds
ministeri m@n@st%e@r%i // fix stress and vowel sounds: ministerieel/-ële
mikr (o mikr
mikrobe m%ikro@b@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: mikrobe/-s and compounds
mikron (K mikrOn // fix O sound in mikron/-s
mini (ma@ m%in%i // move default stress: minimaal/-ale
minu (sku m@n@ // fix stress and i sound: miniskuul/-ule
ministers m@n'Ist@rs
mirakel m@rA:k@l // fix stress and e and i sounds: mirakel/-s/-spel/-land
miraku (leus m%ir%ak%y // fix stress and vowel sounds: mirakuleus/-e
mise (ra m@s // fix stress and drop e: miserabel/-e/-s/-ste
mis (gis m@s // stress on 2nd slb
mis (gun m@s // stress on 2nd slb
mis (ha m@s // mishandel/mishaag
_) mis (inP3 m@s // fix 1st i sound, pause: misinterpretasie/misinterpreteer
miske (n m@skE // misken/ning/onmiskenbaar
mis (l m@s // misluk/mislei
mis (lamp mIs // restore default stress: mislamp/-e
mis (lik m'Is // default stress again
mis (loop mIs // default stress: misloop
_) mis (m m@s // mismaak/-te/mismoedig
mis (noeg m@s // stress on 2nd slb
mis (o mIs // misoes/misopvatting
mis (plaas m@s // stress on 2nd slb
mis (rabel m@s // stress on 2nd slb
mis (reken m@s // stress on 2nd slb: misreken/-ing
mi (ssie mi // fix i sound: (trans)missie and compounds
mi (ssiel m@ // fix stress and i sound: missiel and compounds
mister (ieus m@ste@r // stress at end
mis (tiek m@s
mis (troos m@s // mistroostig
mis (vorm m@s // stress on 2nd slb
.group mo
mo (biel mo@' // move default stress: (im)mobiel/-e
_) mode m''o@d@ // fix e sound: modeontwerper/-maker, etc.
mode (l m%o@d& // fix stress and e sound: model/-le and compounds
mode (lle@ m%Od@ // fix stress and e sound: modelleer/modellering
modera (torK m%Od@rA: // fix stress and vowel sounds: moderator and compounds
modera (tA m%Od@r%a // fix stress and vowel sounds: moderatore/moderatuur
modern m%ud&r@-n
mo (dulA m%O // fix stress and o sound: module/-s/modulêr
moedswillig mutsv'Il@x2 // move default stress: moedswillig/-e/-heid
moeite m'uIt@ // moeitevol/le/moeiteloos/lose
moe (ras m%u // move default stress: moeras and compounds
mohammed (a m%uh%am@d // mohammedane/mohammedaan
moles (tA m%Ol@s // molesteer/der/kindermolestering
moles (K m%ulEs // fix stress and e sound: moles/huismoles/molesmakers
moles (te_ m%ulEs // fix stress and e sound: moleste and compounds
mo (narg m%o@ // move default stress: monarg/monargies
monargie (_N m%o@n%arx2i // move stress to end: monargie
monder (A m%Onde@r // move default stress and lengthen 1st e sound
mone (têr m%On@ // fix o and e sounds: monetêr(e)(beleidskomitee and other compounds)
_) mon (go@ m%ON // fix stress and split -ng-: mongool/-tjie/-kind/Mongole, etc.
monit (e m%On%it // fix vowel sounds and stress: moniteer/-tering and compounds
monitor (K mOnitOr // fix o sound: monitor/-skerm, etc.
monnike mOn@k@ // fix i and e sounds: monnikedom/-klooster/-koor/-werk and many similar
mono (ga m%o@n%o@ // move default stress: monogaam/-game
monopo (li m%o@n%o@p%u // fix stress and o sound: monopolie/-ë/-monopolisties/-e
mon (teur m%On // move default stress: monteur/-s and compounds
monu (ment m%On%y // monument/e/vrouemonument/monumenteel
mo (pani m%u // fix stress and o sound: mopani/-boom/-hout/-wurm/mopanies
_) mor (C@ m%Or // move default stress: morbied/morfien/mortier
mor (fose m%Or // fix stress: morfose/metamorfose/-s
morf (otomie m%Orf // move default stress: morfotomie
_) morr (i mOr // restore default stress: morrig/morrie/-doring
_) mors (@ mOrs // restore default stress: morsaf/morsdood/morsig
mos (agtig mOs_ // fix o sound, insert break: (kos)mosagtig(e)
mosam (biek m%o@s%am // move default stress: Mosambiek/-er/-se
mosa (ïek m%o@s%a // move default stress: mosaïek and compounds
mo (skee m%O // move default stress: moskee/-s and compounds
motie (C m%o@ti // handle stress: winsmotief/-tiewe and similar compounds
motor mo@t@r // motorfiets/motorkar/vragmotor
motor (ie m%uto@r // fix stress and o sounds: motories/-e
mozzarella m%Ots%ar&l%a // fix stress and zz sound: Mozzarella(kaas)
.group n
n n
n (n
n (c N
n (k N
n (q N
n (x N
ng N
ee) n (g n // split -ng-: beengewas/druipsteengrot/gemeengoed/leengeld/steengroewe/teengif...
ei) n (g n // breingrootte/kleingeld/kleingoed
eu) n (g n // dreungeluid/kreungeluid/steungeluid/steungewend
oo) n (g n // hoongelag/loongeld/telefoongesprek/woongeriewe and similar
Cui) n (g n // basuingeskal/bruingebrand/bruingeel/tuingereedskap/tuingewas/tuingrond
we) n (g@++ n // split n/g: opwengrammofoon/wengereg/-gedagtes
y) n (g n // fyngoud/hooflyngesprek/langtermyngroei/kaplyngrens
ë) n (g n // split -ng-: reëngeluid/-geur/-gogga/-gordel/seëngebed
aa) n (gas n // split n/g: metaangas and compounds and similar
&) n (gat n // split "ng": mangat/-e/woongat/-e/opwengat/-e
spi) n (ge n // split n/g: spingehalte/-geluid, etc.
ng (eeR Nx2 // diftongeer/gedistingeerde/rangeer and compounds
ngees nx2e@s // split n/g: leuen-/span-/sportman-/wengees
e) n (goeC n // split ng: lakengoed/-goeters and similar
ng (ent Nx2 // kontingent/tangent and derivatives
CA) nger N@r // compounds of vinger/slinger; hangertjie/hongersnood/langeraad/swangerskap/tengerste
@) nges (_ N@s // banges/langes/dinges
@) ng (itis_ Nx2 // brongitis/faringitis/laringitis
_) na (C_ n'a //three-letter words starting with na
na (boots nA: // long a in compounds: klank-/vlugnabootser, etc.
na (burig n%A: // move default stress: naburig/-e/-heid
na (byge n%A: // move default stress: nabygeleë and derivatives
nabyh (e n%A:beIh // move default stress: nabyheid/-hede
_) nag (aap nax2_ // fix a sound and insert pause: nagaap and compounds
nag (adder nax2_ // fix a sound, pause: nagadder/-s/nagaddergif, etc.
_) nag (apA nax2_ // fix a sound and insert pause: nagape/nagapie/-s
na (ï n%a_ // naïef/naïewe/naïwiteit
@) na (lis n%a // shorten a sound: joernalis/-te/-tiek
nami (bi n%amI // Namibië/Namibiese
na (tal ,na' //natal and compunds
_) n (AA n // for words starting with naa, etc.
naarstigte n%A:rstIx2t@ // move default stress: naarstigtelik/-e
namakwa n%amakw%a //namakwa and compounds
naster (g nast@r // shorten 1st a: nastergal and compounds
_) nag (C n'ax2
_) na (gloe nA: // lengthen a: nagloed/nagloei/-ing
_) nag (raad n'A:x2 //nagraads and compounds
nag (uil nax2_ // fix stress and a sound: naguil/-tjie/-s
_) na n'A:
_) na (by@ n%A: // move default stress: nabye/nabyheid
_) na (delig n%A: // move stress from 1st slb: nadelig/-e
_) na (latig n%A: // move default stress: nalatig/-e/-heid
names nA:m@s // fix e sound: afnames/opnames
napole (ont n%ap%o@l%i // fix stress and vowel sounds: Napoleonties/-e
napo (leon n%apo@ // fix stress and a sound: Napoleon(magte/-troepe...)
_) na (rC na // nartjie/nardus/narsing
_) na (rk n%a // narkose/narkotiseer/narkoties/narkotika
_) na (skeer n''A: // restore default stress: naskeermiddel/-room
_) na (speur n%A: // fix stress and a sound: (on)naspeurbaar/-lik/-e
_) na (speur_N nA: // but default stress: naspeur
_) na (tC na // many compounds beginning with nat
_) na (trekK nA: // fix stress and a sound: natrek/-ke
na (trium nA: // lengthen a sound: natrium and compounds
na (trosK nA: // lengthen a sound: natros/-se/-sies
na (tuur n%a // natuur and compounds and derivatives
nature (lK n%at%yr& // fix stress and e sound: naturel/-le and compounds
navig n%av%ix2 //navigasie, navigeer etc.
na (vrant n%a // fix stress and a sound: navrant/-e
na (vra nA: // fix a sound: belasting-/betalings-/rekeningenavraag/-navrae
&) na (we nA:% // fix a sound in compounds with naweek/naweke: langnaweek/paasnaweek, etc.
@) na (_ na // shorten final na, except for:
r) na (_ nA: // daarna/hierna/waarna
nadruklik nA:dr'Wkl@k // nadruklik/e
na (ï n%a? // naïef/naïewe/naïwiteit
nares (_ n%ar'Es //eienares, minnares, moordenares etc.
na (ywerig n%A:_ // move default stress: naywerig/-e/-heid
nazi nA:tsi // Nazi and compounds
ne (anderCa n%i // move default stress: Neander(d/t)al/-ler
neger (in n%e@x2@r // move default stress: negerin/-ne
ne (gosie n@ // fix stress and e sound: negosie/-ware, etc.
nek (_ n&k // catch-all for words ending in -nek: koedoe-/swaannek
_) nek (A n&k_ // fix e sound, insert pause: nekom(ge)draai/-operasie
nekta (rien n%Ekt%a // fix stress and a sound: nektarien/-perske, etc.
neo (li n%i%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: neolities/-e/neolitikum
ner (veu n%&r // move default stress: nerveus/-e
@C) nes (_ nEs // fix final e sound: doringnes/aasvoëlnes/kalkoennes/hamerkopnes/reiernes/kiewietnes
bye) nes nEs // fix e sound: byenes and compounds
by) nes nEs // fix e sound: (perde)bynes/te
net (agtig nEt_ // fix e sound: (vis)netagtig/-e
_) net (o nEt_ // fix o sound: netonderrok/-klere
_) netto nEt%u // fix o sound: nettobalans/-skuldboek and many such compounds
net (werk nEt // fix e sound in compounds: kern-/rugsteun-/selfoon-/teen-/telefoon-/vastelynnetwerk
neuro (CA n%Y@ro@ // move default stress: neurone/neurose/-s
neute nY@t@ // fix connecting e sound: neutedop/neutekraker
neu (tr n%Y@ // move default stress: neutraal/neutrale
_) nguni Ngu:ni // Nguni/-beeste/-tale
ni (ggie nI // niggie/-tjie/-s/kleinniggie...
niko (tien n%ik%u // fix stress and o sound: nikotien and compounds
ha) nnes n@s // (Jo)hannes
nning n@N // prevent nn in words like orwinning, see: &) ning (_S4 n@N
_) nage (@P4 n'A:x2@
nasio (na n%aS%i%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: nasionaal/-nale/-naliseer
n (_n //cause one n sound kan nie doen nie etc.
n (_n_ n // fix n in phrases like: afkappingsteken n
neer (drukk n%e@r // move default stress: neerdrukkend/-e
_) neerge (C@P6 n''e@rx2@ // fix e sound: neergepen/neergetel
neer (halend n%e@r // move default stress: neerhalend/-e
@) nees (_ n'e@s // fix stress: Soedanees and similar
&) nele (_ n'e@l@
_) nes (ei nEs_ // fix 1st e sound: neseier/-s/-tjie/-s
s) nes (K nEs // onheilsnes/rowersnes
nese (_ n'e@s@ //japannese soedannese stress and e sound
netel ne@t@l // netelig and derivatives/netel and compounds
niko (ti n%ik%u // fix stress and vowel sounds: nikotien/nikotine and compounds
nitro nitr%u // fix vowel sounds: nitrogliserien and similar compounds
_) nobel n%o@b&l // fix stress and e sound: Nobel/-prys/-pryskomitee/-vredesprys
nogal nOx2al // fix o sound: nogal/-s
nokturne n%OktWrn@ // move default stress: nokturne/-s
no (mad n%o@ // move default stress: nomade/-s
nomi (nA n%Om%i // fix 1st o sound: (ge)nomineer/nominasie/nominaal/-ale
nommer (een n%Om@r? // stress: nommereen in compounds like nommereenspeler
noncha (la n%OnS%a // fix stress and ch sound: nonchalant/-e/-heid
nood (lotti n%o@t // move default stress: noodlottig/-e
nood (saak n%o@t // move default stress: noodsaaklik/-e/-heid, vs. noodsaak
nood (saak_N no@t // restore default stress: (ge)noodsaak
nooien (tjie noIN // remove the e sound: nooientjie(s) and compounds
noord (oos n%o@rt_ // move default stress: noordoos/-te/-telik/-e
nor (ma@ n%Or // normaal/normaalweg/normale/abnormaal/-ale
nostal (gie_N n%Ost%al // stress on last slb.: nostalgie
no (stalgie n%O // stress on 2nd slb.: nostalgies
notari (A n%o@t%ar%i; // fix stress: notarieel/notariële
note (b no@t@ // fix e sound: notebalk/-e/-bank/-beurs
not (ering n%ut // fix stress and o sound: notering(sbeampte...)
notule (K n%utyl@ // fix stress and vowel sounds: notule and compounds
novelle n%uf&l@ // move default stress and fix o sound: novelle/-s and compounds
november n%o@fEmb@r // fix 1st e sound and stress: November and compounds
ntere (ss ntr@' // interessant/interesseer/geïnteresseerd
n (tjie N // breintjie/fonteintjie/kleintjie
oe) n (g n //soengroet, pensioengewend etc.
nuanse (K n%yans@ // move default stress: nuanse/-s and compounds
nuan (seer n%y%an // fix stress: (ge)nuanseer/-d
nuanse (ring n%y%anse@ // fix stress: nuansering and compounds
nuus (kierig n%ys // move default stress: nuuskierig/-heid
nuwer (wet n%yv@r // move default stress: nuwerwets/-e
@Cer) ny (_ n'eI // move default stress: lekkerny/raserny/slawerny
@Cer) ny (e n'eI // move default stress: gekkernye/lekkernye/sotternye
nylon nAIlOn // fix y sound: nylon and compounds: nylonkouse, etc.
.group o
o o@
&C) o (_N %u // fix o at end of words: Marokko/(aanvang)saldo/risiko, etc.
_Audi) o %u: // fix o sound: oudio/audio and compounds
bur) o (_ ,o@ // but: buro and compounds like arbeidsburo
rb) o (_ 'o@ // and daarbo/hierbo/waarbo
&s) o (_ o@ // and: sommerso/netso
o (C O
o (CA o@
risik) o %u // fix o sound in compounds like: risikobeheer/-fonds
gr) o (nd O: //lengthen o ind compounds with grond
mikr) o u // mikrogolf/mikroskakelaar/mikrorekenaar
oase %u_A:s@ // oase/-s and compounds
o (terap u // psigo-/fisioterapeut
_) ob (s %Op // obskuur/obskure/obskuriteit/obsessie/obseen
obser (veer %Ops%&r // fix stress, b sound: (ge)observeer(d/-e)
obsti (na %Opst@ // fix stress and i sound: obstinaat/-nate/-naatheid
C) o (dium o@ // fix stress and o sound: jodium/podium/rodium and their compounds
oe u
oe (r u: //long oe sound before r in most cases, but see flg. exceptions:
_) oe (r u // short oe: oerwoud/-tyd, etc.
h) oe (r u // short oe: hoer/-e/-tjie
k) oe (r u // short oe: (ge)koer
t) oe (rA u // short oe: toe(rank/-reik/-rig/-rol...)
w) oe (r u // short oe: (ge)woer
oe (ë u: // long oe: kroeë/moeë/ploeë and similar
oei uI
oefen uf@n// oefenbroekie/oefeningboek/liggaamsoefeninge
t) oeke (n uk%E // fix e sound: toeken/-ning/kuns-/watertoekenning
_) oewer uv@r // fix e sound: oewerbewoner/-boer/-eienaar/-reg, etc.
C) ogig _o@x2@x2 // bruinogig/grootogig/skuinsogig
C) oetel ut@l // troeteldier/-naam/vertroeteling/vroetelend/boeteling
_) o (marm %O //omarm and compounds
odiek ud'ik // periodiek/metodiek
oggend (@ Ox2@nt_ // fix d sound: oggenduur/-reën, etc.
oggende (_ Ox2@nd@ // but: oggende and compounds ending in -oggende
K) oir (_ _^_FR // words ending in -oir are French
okapi %o@kA:p%i // fix stress: okapi/-'s and i in compounds: okapispoor,etc.
_) oker o@k@r // fix e sound in compounds: okergeel/-kleur, etc.
okker (neut %Ok@r // move default stress: okkerneut and compounds
_) ok (tA %Ok // move default stress: Oktober and compounds: Oktobermaand, etc./oktaaf/oktawe
ole (ander %o@l%i // fix stress and e sound: oleander and compounds
C) o (lia o@ // fix o sound: Goliat/magnolia
K) oliek ul'ik // koliek/mankoliek/simboliek/koliekbaba
oliek (e_ ul'ik // mankolieke/katolieke
oliekig ul'ik@x2 // mankoliekig/-e/-heid
o (lien %u // fix stress and o sound: olien/-hout, etc.
o (lim %o@ // move default stress: olimpies/-e
o (lyC %o@ // move default stress: olyf and compounds/olywe
olym (p %o@lIm // fix stress and y sound: Olympia/Olympus
_) om (strede %Om // fix stress: (on)omstrede/-nheid
_) omi (ssie %o@mi // fix stress and vowel sounds: omissie/-s/omissiedelik
orang )(oet %ur%aN_ // fix stress and o sound: orangoetang and compounds
oranje %o@ranj@ // fix stress and e sound in compounds: oranjeagtig/oranjekleur
_) ordent %OrdEnt // move default stress: ordentlik/-e/-er/-ste/-heid
_) orde Ord@ // fix e sound: ordenende/ordening/ordeteken
orent (K %o@rEnt // fix stress of orent in compounds: kiertsorent/orentspring, etc.
orgi (de %Orx2@ // move default stress: orgidee/orgideë and compounds
orie o@ri
oriu 'o@riW
oriënt (@ %o@r%ij%Ent // disoriëntering/(beroeps)georiënteerd
_) or (ka %Or // move default stress: orkaan/orkane/orkaanwaarskuwing...
orkes %OrkEs // orkes and compounds
_) os (moC %Os // move default stress: osmose/osmoties/-e
C) o (Cie o@ // removed primary stress
C) o (CAA %u
b) o (CAA o@ //fix o in bobeen, bobaas etc.
C) o (Cy %u
b) o (lyC o@ // bolyf/bolywe; exception to rule: C) o (Cy %u
b) om (o Om_ //fix first o in bomontploffing and others
C) o (Ciee %o@ // assosieer/harmonieer/folieer
fil) o (@ u%
oi OI
oy OI
ou @U
ouder (wet %@Ud@r // move default stress: ouderwets/-e, etc.
ouw (K @U // Gouws/Louw/Touwsrivier
oetjie uIci
oentjie uINci
oedjie uIci
odjie OIci
otjie OIci
offi (sier %Of@ // move default stress: offisier and compounds
offisi %Of%iS%i;
ofiel uf'il // franko-/hemo-/nekro-/pedo-/russofiel, etc.
ofilie ufil'i // hemo-/nekro-/pedofilie, etc.
ofobie ufo@b'i // antropo/-xenofobie and many other -fobie words
ofobies uf'o@bis // antropofobies/-xenofobies/-e and many other -fobies words
ofoon uf'o@n // mikrofoon/sakso(saxo)foon
ofone uf'o@n@ // mikrofone/sakso(saxo)fone
ograaf ux2r'A:f // biograaf/demograaf/fotograaf
ografie ux2raf'i // biografie/demografie/fotografie
ografies ux2r'A:fis // biografies/demografies/fotografies
ograwe ux2r'A:v@ // biograwe/demograwe/fotograwe
C) okkel Ok@l // derivatives of smokkel/rokkel/brokkel and others
okraat ukr'A:t // burokraat/outokraat and similar
okrasie ukras'i // burokrasie/outokrasie and similar
okrat (A ukr'A:t // burokraties/outokraties/demokrate and similar
okrat (isA %ukr%at // fix stress: demokratisasie/-seer/-sering and similar
ologie ulux2'i // biologie/tegnologie and similar
ologies ul'o@x2is // biologies/tegnologies and similar
ologie (st ulux2''i // fix stress: bio-/geo-/teologiestudent/-e, etc.
oloog ul'o@x2 // bioloog/kardioloog and similar
oloë ul'u@ // bioloë/kardioloë and similar
omega %o@me@x2a // omega/-s
omele (t %Om@lE // fix stress and vowel sounds: omelet/-te and compounds
ometrie ume@tr'i // geometrie/psigometrie
ometries um'e@tris // geometries/psigometriese
w) o (rs O: //lengthen o sound in wors compounds
w) o (rstel O //short o in worstel and compounds
oskope usk'o@p@ // kaleidoskope/mikroskope
oskopies usk'o@pis // kaleidoskopies/mikroskopies
oskoop usk'o@p // bioskoop/giroskoop/mikroskoop and similar
osofie usuf'i // filosofie/teosofie
osofies us'o@fis // filosofies/teosofiese
osoof us'o@f // filosoof/teosoof
osowe us'o@v@ // filosowe/teosowe
o (paal %o@ // op not prefix: opaal and compounds
o (pale %o@ // op not prefix: opale
otroop utr'o@p // allotroop/heliotroop/hidrotroop/isotroop/monotroop/psigotroopreotroop
otropie utrup'i // allotropie/hidrotropie/monotropie/organotropie/pleiotropie/termotropie
otropies utr'o@pis // allotropies/heliotropies/ortotropies
otrope utr'o@p@ // allotrope/hidrotrope/isotrope...
omgee (+ 'Omx2e@ // se rule: _) omge (@P4 Omx2@
omgewe (_ Omx2'e@v@ // se rule: _) omge (@P4 Omx2@
_) omge (@P4 'Omx2@ // stress on 1st slb
omgewing %Omx2e@v@N
_) om (gord %Om // move default stress: omgord(el)
_) om (h %Om // omhels/omhein/omhoog/omhul
om (ha Om // restore default stress: omhaal/omhang/omhaak
omkeer Omke@r // restore default stress: omkeer/handomkeer and similar
_) omker (A Omke@r // omkering/omkerende
_) om (klem %Om // move default stress: omklem/-ming
_) om (kringP2 Om // move default stress: omkring/-de/-ing
_) om (laag %Om // move default stress: omlaag and compounds