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// Spelling to Phoneme rules for: Ancient Greek
// Preliminary character substitution:
// Convert tonos, oxia and perispomeni to varia
// Remove psili (soft breathing)
// Convert dasia accent to a separate prefix character ("ɦ") NOTE: using U+0266 because it's above eSpeak's Latin character limit of 0x250.
// Remove iota subscripts
// Replace Latin characters by same-shape Greek characters
.replace
'
a α // Latin->Greek
o ο
v ν
A Α
B Β
E Ε
Z Ζ
H Η
I Ι
K Κ
M Μ
N Ν
O Ο
P Ρ
T Τ
Y Υ
X Χ
// replace Latin characters by Greek equivalents
th θ
ph φ
kh χ
ps ψ
b β
g γ
d δ
e ε
z ζ
q η // (long e; not standard transliteration but may be easier to type than η)
i ι
k κ
l λ
m μ
n ν
x ξ
p π
r ρ
s σ
t τ
u υ
y υ
w ω // (long o; not standard transliteration but may be easier to type
// alpha
ά ὰ // tonos
ά ὰ // oxia
ᾴ ᾲ
ᾶ ὰ
ᾷ ᾲ
ἀ α
ἁ ɦα
ἂ ὰ
ἃ ɦὰ
ἄ ὰ
ἅ ɦὰ
ἆ ὰ
ἇ ɦὰ
ᾀ ᾳ
ᾁ ɦᾳ
ᾂ ᾲ
ᾃ ɦᾲ
ᾄ ᾲ
ᾅ ɦᾲ
ᾆ ᾲ
ᾇ ɦᾲ
// epsilon
έ ὲ
έ ὲ
ἐ ε
ἑ ɦε
ἒ ὲ
ἓ ɦὲ
ἔ ὲ
ἕ ɦὲ
// eta
ή ὴ
ή ὴ
ῄ ῂ
ῆ ὴ
ῇ ῂ
ἠ η
ἡ ɦη
ἢ ὴ
ἣ ɦὴ
ἤ ὴ
ἥ ɦὴ
ἦ ὴ
ἧ ɦὴ
ᾐ ῃ
ᾑ ɦῃ
ᾒ ῂ
ᾓ ɦῂ
ᾔ ῂ
ᾕ ɦῂ
ᾖ ῂ
ᾗ ɦῂ
//iota
ί ὶ
ί ὶ
ῖ ὶ
ἰ ι
ἱ ɦι
ἲ ὶ
ἳ ɦὶ
ἴ ὶ
ἵ ɦὶ
ἶ ὶ
ἷ ɦὶ
ΐ ῒ
ῗ ῒ
// omicron
ό ὸ
ό ὸ
ὀ ο
ὁ ɦο
ὂ ὸ
ὃ ɦὸ
ὄ ὸ
ὅ ɦὸ
// upsilon
ύ ὺ
ύ ὺ
ῦ ὺ
ὐ υ
ὑ ɦυ
ὒ ὺ
ὓ ɦὺ
ὔ ὺ
ὕ ɦὺ
ὖ ὺ
ὗ ɦὺ
ΰ ῢ
ῧ ῢ
// omega
ώ ὼ
ώ ὼ
ῴ ῲ
ῶ ὼ
ῷ ῲ
ὠ ω
ὡ ɦω
ὢ ὼ
ὣ ɦὼ
ὤ ὼ
ὥ ɦὼ
ὦ ὼ
ὧ ɦὼ
ᾠ ῳ
ᾡ ɦῳ
ᾢ ῲ
ᾣ ɦῲ
ᾤ ῲ
ᾥ ɦῲ
ᾦ ῲ
ᾧ ɦῲ
// rho
ῤ ρ
ῥ ɦρ
.group α
α a
αι aI
αὶ 'aI
αυ aU
αὺ 'aU
αɦι haI
αɦὶ 'haI
αɦυ haU
αɦὺ 'haU
.group β
β b
.group γ
γ g
γγ Ng
.group δ
δ d
.group ε
ε e
ει e:
εὶ 'e:
ευ eU
εὺ 'eU
εɦι he:
εɦὶ 'he:
εɦυ heU
εɦὺ 'heU
.group ζ
ζ z
.group η
η E:
ηι EI:
ηὶ 'EI:
ηυ EU:
ηὺ 'EU:
ηɦι hEI:
ηɦὶ 'hEI:
ηɦυ hEU:
ηɦὺ 'hEU:
.group θ
θ T
.group ι
ι i
.group ϊ
ϊ i
.group κ
κ k
.group λ
λ l
.group μ
μ m
.group ν
ν n
.group ξ
ξ ks
.group ο
ο o
οι oI
οὶ 'oI
ου u:
οὺ 'u:
οɦι hoI
οɦὶ 'hoI
οɦυ hu:
οɦὺ 'hu:
.group π
π p
.group ρ
ρ R
.group ς
ς s
.group σ
σ s
.group τ
τ t
.group υ
υ y
υι yI
υὶ 'yI
υɦι hyI
υɦὶ 'hyI
.group ϋ
ϋ y
ϋι yI
ϋὶ 'yI
ϋɦι hyI
ϋɦὶ 'hyI
.group φ
φ f
.group χ
χ x
.group ψ
ψ ps
.group ω
ω O:
ωι OI:
ωὶ 'OI:
ωυ OU:
ωὺ 'OU:
ωɦι hOI:
ωɦὶ 'hOI:
ωɦυ hOU:
ωɦὺ 'hOU:
.group ɦ // dasia (rough breathing)
ɦ h
// Latin letters to equivalent Greek sounds (plus 'q = η' 'w = ω'
.group a
a a
ai aI
au aU
.group b
b b
.group d
d d
.group e
e e
ei e:
eu eU
.group f
f f
.group g
g g
gg Ng
.group h
h h
.group i
i i
.group ï
ï i
.group j
j j
.group k
k k
kh x
.group l
l l
.group m
m m
.group n
n n
.group o
o o
oi oI
ou u:
.group p
p p
ph f
.group q
q E:
qi EI:
qu EU:
.group r
r R
.group s
s s
.group t
t t
th T
.group u
u y
ui yI
.group v
v v
.group w
w O:
wi OI
wu OU
.group x
x x
.group y
y y
yi yI
.group z
z z
.group
ὰ 'a
aI:
'aI:
ὲ 'e
'E:
ῃ EI:
ῂ 'EI:
'i
ῒ 'i
'o
ὺ 'y
'y
ὼ 'O:
OI:
'OI:
ΐ 'i // diaresis + tonos
' = // apostrophe used as tonos, stress on previous syllable