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# Copyright 2016 The Chromium OS Authors. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
"""Driver for sx1505 8bit ioexpander.
import hw_driver
import i2c_reg
class Sx1505Error(Exception):
"""Error occurred accessing Sx1505."""
# We need a shared register cache between all the bits,
# as there is no readable state register.
# Indexing is: reg_cache[((interface, i2c addr), reg addr)] = value
reg_cache = {}
class sx1505(hw_driver.HwDriver):
"""Object to access drv=sx1505 controls."""
# base indexes of the data, direction, pullup and pulldown registers
# respectively.
REG_PU = 2
REG_PD = 3
def __init__(self, interface, params):
interface: i2c interface object to handle low-level communication to
params: dictionary of params needed to perform operations on ina219
devices. All items are strings initially but should be cast to types
detailed below.
Mandatory Params:
slv: integer, 7-bit i2c slave address
offset: integer, gpio's bit position from lsb
Optional Params:
super(sx1505, self).__init__(interface, params)
slave = self._get_slave()
self._i2c_obj = i2c_reg.I2cReg.get_device(self._interface, slave,
addr_len=1, reg_len=1,
msb_first=True, no_read=False,
# Remember what GPIOs we have set.
global reg_cache
self._reg_cache = reg_cache
self._cacheindex = (self._interface, slave)
# Cache REG_DATA
outputs = self._reg_cache.get((self._cacheindex, self.REG_DATA), 0xff)
self._reg_cache[(self._cacheindex, self.REG_DATA)] = outputs
# Cache REG_DIR
dir = self._reg_cache.get((self._cacheindex, self.REG_DIR), 0xff)
self._reg_cache[(self._cacheindex, self.REG_DIR)] = dir
# Initlialize pullup
if self._io_type == 'PU':
(_, mask) = self._get_offset_mask()
pu_reg = self._i2c_obj._read_reg(self.REG_PU)
pu_reg = pu_reg | mask
self._i2c_obj._write_reg(self.REG_PU, pu_reg)
def get(self):
"""Get gpio value.
sx1505 has a data register REG_DATA. GPIO's current value
can be read there.
integer in formatted representation
value = self._i2c_obj._read_reg(self.REG_DATA)
return self._create_logical_value(value)
def set(self, fmt_value):
"""Set value on ioexpander.
1. Read cached value
2. Mask accordingly
3. Write value to Output register
4. Read Direction reg cache (Note 0 == output, 1 == input)
a. if input, Write Direction register
5. Read Input register for returning
fmt_value: Integer value to write to hardware. If None or empty string
defaults to 0.
Sx1505Error: If width of open drain driver is != 1 or open drain type is
not recognized.
self._logger.debug("sx1505 set %s" % fmt_value)
(_, mask) = self._get_offset_mask()
if mask is None:
raise Sx1505Error("Unable to determine mask. Is offset declared?")
change_to_input = False
if self._io_type == "PU" and fmt_value == 1:
self._logger.debug("Set to input because its io type is PU")
change_to_input = True
# output register handling
if not change_to_input:
hw_value = 0
if fmt_value:
hw_value = self._create_hw_value(fmt_value)
current_out_reg = self._reg_cache[(self._cacheindex, self.REG_DATA)]
new_out_reg = hw_value | (current_out_reg & ~mask)
if new_out_reg != current_out_reg:
self._reg_cache[(self._cacheindex, self.REG_DATA)] = new_out_reg
self._i2c_obj._write_reg(self.REG_DATA, new_out_reg)
current_dir_reg = self._reg_cache[(self._cacheindex, self.REG_DIR)]
if change_to_input:
new_dir_reg = current_dir_reg | mask
new_dir_reg = current_dir_reg & ~mask
if new_dir_reg != current_dir_reg:
self._reg_cache[(self._cacheindex, self.REG_DIR)] = new_dir_reg
self._i2c_obj._write_reg(self.REG_DIR, new_dir_reg)
def _get_slave(self):
"""Check and return needed params to call driver.
slave: 7-bit i2c address
if 'slv' not in self._params:
raise Sx1505Error("getting slave address")
slave = int(self._params['slv'], 0)
return slave