UPSTREAM: ima: re-introduce own integrity cache lock

Before IMA appraisal was introduced, IMA was using own integrity cache
lock along with i_mutex. process_measurement and ima_file_free took
the iint->mutex first and then the i_mutex, while setxattr, chmod and
chown took the locks in reverse order. To resolve the potential deadlock,
i_mutex was moved to protect entire IMA functionality and the redundant
iint->mutex was eliminated.

Solution was based on the assumption that filesystem code does not take
i_mutex further. But when file is opened with O_DIRECT flag, direct-io
implementation takes i_mutex and produces deadlock. Furthermore, certain
other filesystem operations, such as llseek, also take i_mutex.

More recently some filesystems have replaced their filesystem specific
lock with the global i_rwsem to read a file.  As a result, when IMA
attempts to calculate the file hash, reading the file attempts to take
the i_rwsem again.

To resolve O_DIRECT related deadlock problem, this patch re-introduces
iint->mutex. But to eliminate the original chmod() related deadlock
problem, this patch eliminates the requirement for chmod hooks to take
the iint->mutex by introducing additional atomic iint->attr_flags to
indicate calling of the hooks. The allowed locking order is to take
the iint->mutex first and then the i_rwsem.

Original flags were cleared in chmod(), setxattr() or removwxattr()
hooks and tested when file was closed or opened again. New atomic flags
are set or cleared in those hooks and tested to clear iint->flags on
close or on open.

Atomic flags are following:
* IMA_CHANGE_ATTR - indicates that chATTR() was called (chmod, chown,
  chgrp) and file attributes have changed. On file open, it causes IMA
  to clear iint->flags to re-evaluate policy and perform IMA functions
  again.
* IMA_CHANGE_XATTR - indicates that setxattr or removexattr was called
  and extended attributes have changed. On file open, it causes IMA to
  clear iint->flags IMA_DONE_MASK to re-appraise.
* IMA_UPDATE_XATTR - indicates that security.ima needs to be updated.
  It is cleared if file policy changes and no update is needed.
* IMA_DIGSIG - indicates that file security.ima has signature and file
  security.ima must not update to file has on file close.
* IMA_MUST_MEASURE - indicates the file is in the measurement policy.

Fixes: Commit 6552321831dc ("xfs: remove i_iolock and use i_rwsem in
the VFS inode instead")

Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <dmitry.kasatkin@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
(cherry picked from commit 0d73a55208e94fc9fb6deaeea61438cd3280d4c0)

BUG=b:111915965
TEST=manually verified that the deadlock is fixed using repro. trybots.

Change-Id: If71b683692b3f7d9fc9e665f2f1881492e28566e
Reviewed-on: https://chromium-review.googlesource.com/1278364
Commit-Ready: Aditya Kali <adityakali@google.com>
Tested-by: Aditya Kali <adityakali@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Guenter Roeck <groeck@chromium.org>
Reviewed-by: Trevor Bourget <bourget@google.com>
(cherry picked from commit 73a83e4f462a038afe22bf6e8bc73920fbe77d2f)
Reviewed-on: https://chromium-review.googlesource.com/c/1296901
Tested-by: Robert Kolchmeyer <rkolchmeyer@google.com>
4 files changed