BACKPORT: selinux: Generalize support for NNP/nosuid SELinux domain transitions

In Chrome OS, NNP (NoNewPrivileges) is widely used to install seccomp
rules in minijail, Chrome Browser, session manager, and etc. SELinux
prevents domain transition of a process with NNP bit to transits to
another domain, except bounded domains.

Chrome OS will need to allow nnp_transition to make sure processed
launched by minijail, session_manager, etc can end up at correct
domains.

Upstream messages:

As systemd ramps up enabling NNP (NoNewPrivileges) for system services,
it is increasingly breaking SELinux domain transitions for those services
and their descendants.  systemd enables NNP not only for services whose
unit files explicitly specify NoNewPrivileges=yes but also for services
whose unit files specify any of the following options in combination with
running without CAP_SYS_ADMIN (e.g. specifying User= or a
CapabilityBoundingSet= without CAP_SYS_ADMIN): SystemCallFilter=,
SystemCallArchitectures=, RestrictAddressFamilies=, RestrictNamespaces=,
PrivateDevices=, ProtectKernelTunables=, ProtectKernelModules=,
MemoryDenyWriteExecute=, or RestrictRealtime= as per the systemd.exec(5)
man page.

The end result is bad for the security of both SELinux-disabled and
SELinux-enabled systems.  Packagers have to turn off these
options in the unit files to preserve SELinux domain transitions.  For
users who choose to disable SELinux, this means that they miss out on
at least having the systemd-supported protections.  For users who keep
SELinux enabled, they may still be missing out on some protections
because it isn't necessarily guaranteed that the SELinux policy for
that service provides the same protections in all cases.

commit 7b0d0b40cd78 ("selinux: Permit bounded transitions under
NO_NEW_PRIVS or NOSUID.") allowed bounded transitions under NNP in
order to support limited usage for sandboxing programs.  However,
defining typebounds for all of the affected service domains
is impractical to implement in policy, since typebounds requires us
to ensure that each domain is allowed everything all of its descendant
domains are allowed, and this has to be repeated for the entire chain
of domain transitions.  There is no way to clone all allow rules from
descendants to their ancestors in policy currently, and doing so would
be undesirable even if it were practical, as it requires leaking
permissions to objects and operations into ancestor domains that could
weaken their own security in order to allow them to the descendants
(e.g. if a descendant requires execmem permission, then so do all of
its ancestors; if a descendant requires execute permission to a file,
then so do all of its ancestors; if a descendant requires read to a
symbolic link or temporary file, then so do all of its ancestors...).
SELinux domains are intentionally not hierarchical / bounded in this
manner normally, and making them so would undermine their protections
and least privilege.

We have long had a similar tension with SELinux transitions and nosuid
mounts, albeit not as severe.  Users often have had to choose between
retaining nosuid on a mount and allowing SELinux domain transitions on
files within those mounts.  This likewise leads to unfortunate tradeoffs
in security.

Decouple NNP/nosuid from SELinux transitions, so that we don't have to
make a choice between them. Introduce a nnp_nosuid_transition policy
capability that enables transitions under NNP/nosuid to be based on
a permission (nnp_transition for NNP; nosuid_transition for nosuid)
between the old and new contexts in addition to the current support
for bounded transitions.  Domain transitions can then be allowed in
policy without requiring the parent to be a strict superset of all of
its children.

With this change, systemd unit files can be left unmodified from upstream.
SELinux-disabled and SELinux-enabled users will benefit from retaining any
of the systemd-provided protections.  SELinux policy will only need to
be adapted to enable the new policy capability and to allow the
new permissions between domain pairs as appropriate.

NB: Allowing nnp_transition between two contexts opens up the potential
for the old context to subvert the new context by installing seccomp
filters before the execve.  Allowing nosuid_transition between two contexts
opens up the potential for a context transition to occur on a file from
an untrusted filesystem (e.g. removable media or remote filesystem).  Use
with care.

Signed-off-by: Stephen Smalley <sds@tycho.nsa.gov>
Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
(cherry picked from commit af63f4193f9fbbbac50fc766417d74735afd87ef)
Signed-off-by: Qijiang Fan <fqj@chromium.org>

BUG=chromium:963730
TEST=domain transition occurred for nnp processes

Change-Id: Idaa729940d342f559fdeeb713bf808b07cc9c4cd
Reviewed-on: https://chromium-review.googlesource.com/c/chromiumos/third_party/kernel/+/1577254
Reviewed-by: Grant Grundler <grundler@chromium.org>
Reviewed-by: Jorge Lucangeli Obes <jorgelo@chromium.org>
Tested-by: Qijiang Fan <fqj@google.com>
Commit-Queue: Qijiang Fan <fqj@google.com>
5 files changed