blob: 6229292d8d3960c71cbfd8386d0c0ce7c8ad8382 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
* License v2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
* License along with this program; if not, write to the
* Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
* Boston, MA 021110-1307, USA.
*
* Modified to add field firmware update support,
* those modifications are Copyright (c) 2016 SanDisk Corp.
*/
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <linux/fs.h> /* for BLKGETSIZE */
#include "mmc.h"
#include "mmc_cmds.h"
#include "ffu.h"
#define EXT_CSD_SIZE 512
#define FFU_DATA_SIZE 512
#define CID_SIZE 16
/* Sending several commands too close together seems to cause timeouts. */
#define INTER_COMMAND_GAP_US (50 * 1000)
#include "3rdparty/hmac_sha/hmac_sha2.h"
#ifndef offsetof
#define offsetof(TYPE, MEMBER) ((size_t) &((TYPE *)0)->MEMBER)
#endif
#define WP_BLKS_PER_QUERY 32
#define USER_WP_PERM_PSWD_DIS 0x80
#define USER_WP_CD_PERM_WP_DIS 0x40
#define USER_WP_US_PERM_WP_DIS 0x10
#define USER_WP_US_PWR_WP_DIS 0x08
#define USER_WP_US_PERM_WP_EN 0x04
#define USER_WP_US_PWR_WP_EN 0x01
#define USER_WP_CLEAR (USER_WP_US_PERM_WP_DIS | USER_WP_US_PWR_WP_DIS \
| USER_WP_US_PERM_WP_EN | USER_WP_US_PWR_WP_EN)
#define WPTYPE_NONE 0
#define WPTYPE_TEMP 1
#define WPTYPE_PWRON 2
#define WPTYPE_PERM 3
int read_extcsd(int fd, __u8 *ext_csd)
{
int ret = 0;
struct mmc_ioc_cmd idata;
memset(&idata, 0, sizeof(idata));
memset(ext_csd, 0, sizeof(__u8) * EXT_CSD_SIZE);
idata.write_flag = 0;
idata.opcode = MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD;
idata.arg = 0;
idata.flags = MMC_RSP_SPI_R1 | MMC_RSP_R1 | MMC_CMD_ADTC;
idata.blksz = EXT_CSD_SIZE;
idata.blocks = 1;
mmc_ioc_cmd_set_data(idata, ext_csd);
ret = ioctl(fd, MMC_IOC_CMD, &idata);
if (ret)
perror("ioctl SEND_EXT_CSD");
return ret;
}
int write_extcsd_value(int fd, __u8 index, __u8 value)
{
int ret = 0;
struct mmc_ioc_cmd idata;
memset(&idata, 0, sizeof(idata));
idata.write_flag = 1;
idata.opcode = MMC_SWITCH;
idata.arg = (MMC_SWITCH_MODE_WRITE_BYTE << 24) |
(index << 16) |
(value << 8) |
EXT_CSD_CMD_SET_NORMAL;
idata.flags = MMC_RSP_SPI_R1B | MMC_RSP_R1B | MMC_CMD_AC;
ret = ioctl(fd, MMC_IOC_CMD, &idata);
if (ret)
perror("ioctl Write EXT CSD");
return ret;
}
int send_status(int fd, __u32 *response)
{
int ret = 0;
struct mmc_ioc_cmd idata;
memset(&idata, 0, sizeof(idata));
idata.opcode = MMC_SEND_STATUS;
idata.arg = (1 << 16);
idata.flags = MMC_RSP_R1 | MMC_CMD_AC;
ret = ioctl(fd, MMC_IOC_CMD, &idata);
if (ret)
perror("ioctl");
*response = idata.response[0];
return ret;
}
static __u32 get_size_in_blks(int fd)
{
int res;
int size;
res = ioctl(fd, BLKGETSIZE, &size);
if (res) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error getting device size, errno: %d\n",
errno);
perror("");
return -1;
}
return size;
}
static int set_write_protect(int fd, __u32 blk_addr, int on_off)
{
int ret = 0;
struct mmc_ioc_cmd idata;
memset(&idata, 0, sizeof(idata));
idata.write_flag = 1;
if (on_off)
idata.opcode = MMC_SET_WRITE_PROT;
else
idata.opcode = MMC_CLEAR_WRITE_PROT;
idata.arg = blk_addr;
idata.flags = MMC_RSP_SPI_R1B | MMC_RSP_R1B | MMC_CMD_AC;
ret = ioctl(fd, MMC_IOC_CMD, &idata);
if (ret)
perror("ioctl");
return ret;
}
static int send_write_protect_type(int fd, __u32 blk_addr, __u64 *group_bits)
{
int ret = 0;
struct mmc_ioc_cmd idata;
__u8 buf[8];
__u64 bits = 0;
int x;
memset(&idata, 0, sizeof(idata));
idata.write_flag = 0;
idata.opcode = MMC_SEND_WRITE_PROT_TYPE;
idata.blksz = 8,
idata.blocks = 1,
idata.arg = blk_addr;
idata.flags = MMC_RSP_SPI_R1 | MMC_RSP_R1 | MMC_CMD_ADTC;
mmc_ioc_cmd_set_data(idata, buf);
ret = ioctl(fd, MMC_IOC_CMD, &idata);
if (ret)
perror("ioctl");
for (x = 0; x < sizeof(buf); x++)
bits |= (__u64)(buf[7 - x]) << (x * 8);
*group_bits = bits;
return ret;
}
static void print_writeprotect_boot_status(__u8 *ext_csd)
{
__u8 reg;
__u8 ext_csd_rev = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_REV];
/* A43: reserved [174:0] */
if (ext_csd_rev >= 5) {
printf("Boot write protection status registers"
" [BOOT_WP_STATUS]: 0x%02x\n", ext_csd[174]);
reg = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_BOOT_WP];
printf("Boot Area Write protection [BOOT_WP]: 0x%02x\n", reg);
printf(" Power ro locking: ");
if (reg & EXT_CSD_BOOT_WP_B_PWR_WP_DIS)
printf("not possible\n");
else
printf("possible\n");
printf(" Permanent ro locking: ");
if (reg & EXT_CSD_BOOT_WP_B_PERM_WP_DIS)
printf("not possible\n");
else
printf("possible\n");
printf(" ro lock status: ");
if (reg & EXT_CSD_BOOT_WP_B_PWR_WP_EN)
printf("locked until next power on\n");
else if (reg & EXT_CSD_BOOT_WP_B_PERM_WP_EN)
printf("locked permanently\n");
else
printf("not locked\n");
}
}
static int get_wp_group_size_in_blks(__u8 *ext_csd, __u32 *size)
{
__u8 ext_csd_rev = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_REV];
if ((ext_csd_rev < 5) || (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_ERASE_GROUP_DEF] == 0))
return 1;
*size = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_HC_ERASE_GRP_SIZE] *
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_HC_WP_GRP_SIZE] * 1024;
return 0;
}
int do_writeprotect_boot_get(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 ext_csd[EXT_CSD_SIZE];
int fd, ret;
char *device;
if (nargs != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc writeprotect boot get </path/to/mmcblkX>\n");
exit(1);
}
device = argv[1];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
print_writeprotect_boot_status(ext_csd);
return ret;
}
int do_writeprotect_boot_set(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 ext_csd[EXT_CSD_SIZE], value;
int fd, ret;
char *device;
if (nargs != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc writeprotect boot set </path/to/mmcblkX>\n");
exit(1);
}
device = argv[1];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
value = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_BOOT_WP] |
EXT_CSD_BOOT_WP_B_PWR_WP_EN;
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_BOOT_WP, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to "
"EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
value, EXT_CSD_BOOT_WP, device);
exit(1);
}
return ret;
}
static char *prot_desc[] = {
"No",
"Temporary",
"Power-on",
"Permanent"
};
static void print_wp_status(__u32 wp_sizeblks, __u32 start_group,
__u32 end_group, int rptype)
{
printf("Write Protect Groups %d-%d (Blocks %d-%d), ",
start_group, end_group,
start_group * wp_sizeblks, ((end_group + 1) * wp_sizeblks) - 1);
printf("%s Write Protection\n", prot_desc[rptype]);
}
int do_writeprotect_user_get(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 ext_csd[512];
int fd, ret;
char *device;
int x;
int y = 0;
__u32 wp_sizeblks;
__u32 dev_sizeblks;
__u32 cnt;
__u64 bits;
__u32 wpblk;
__u32 last_wpblk = 0;
__u32 prot;
__u32 last_prot = -1;
int remain;
if (nargs != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc writeprotect user get </path/to/mmcblkX>\n");
exit(1);
}
device = argv[1];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
ret = get_wp_group_size_in_blks(ext_csd, &wp_sizeblks);
if (ret)
exit(1);
printf("Write Protect Group size in blocks/bytes: %d/%d\n",
wp_sizeblks, wp_sizeblks * 512);
dev_sizeblks = get_size_in_blks(fd);
cnt = dev_sizeblks / wp_sizeblks;
for (x = 0; x < cnt; x += WP_BLKS_PER_QUERY) {
ret = send_write_protect_type(fd, x * wp_sizeblks, &bits);
if (ret)
break;
remain = cnt - x;
if (remain > WP_BLKS_PER_QUERY)
remain = WP_BLKS_PER_QUERY;
for (y = 0; y < remain; y++) {
prot = (bits >> (y * 2)) & 0x3;
if (prot != last_prot) {
/* not first time */
if (last_prot != -1) {
wpblk = x + y;
print_wp_status(wp_sizeblks,
last_wpblk,
wpblk - 1,
last_prot);
last_wpblk = wpblk;
}
last_prot = prot;
}
}
}
if (last_wpblk != (x + y - 1))
print_wp_status(wp_sizeblks, last_wpblk, cnt - 1, last_prot);
return ret;
}
int do_writeprotect_user_set(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 ext_csd[512];
int fd, ret;
char *device;
int blk_start;
int blk_cnt;
__u32 wp_blks;
__u8 user_wp;
int x;
int wptype;
if (nargs != 5)
goto usage;
device = argv[4];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
if (!strcmp(argv[1], "none")) {
wptype = WPTYPE_NONE;
} else if (!strcmp(argv[1], "temp")) {
wptype = WPTYPE_TEMP;
} else if (!strcmp(argv[1], "pwron")) {
wptype = WPTYPE_PWRON;
#ifdef DANGEROUS_COMMANDS_ENABLED
} else if (!strcmp(argv[1], "perm")) {
wptype = WPTYPE_PERM;
#endif /* DANGEROUS_COMMANDS_ENABLED */
} else {
fprintf(stderr, "Error, invalid \"type\"\n");
goto usage;
}
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
ret = get_wp_group_size_in_blks(ext_csd, &wp_blks);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Operation not supported for this device\n");
exit(1);
}
blk_start = strtol(argv[2], NULL, 0);
blk_cnt = strtol(argv[3], NULL, 0);
if ((blk_start % wp_blks) || (blk_cnt % wp_blks)) {
fprintf(stderr, "<start block> and <blocks> must be a ");
fprintf(stderr, "multiple of the Write Protect Group (%d)\n",
wp_blks);
exit(1);
}
if (wptype != WPTYPE_NONE) {
user_wp = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_USER_WP];
user_wp &= ~USER_WP_CLEAR;
switch (wptype) {
case WPTYPE_TEMP:
break;
case WPTYPE_PWRON:
user_wp |= USER_WP_US_PWR_WP_EN;
break;
case WPTYPE_PERM:
user_wp |= USER_WP_US_PERM_WP_EN;
break;
}
if (user_wp != ext_csd[EXT_CSD_USER_WP]) {
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_USER_WP, user_wp);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error setting EXT_CSD\n");
exit(1);
}
}
}
for (x = 0; x < blk_cnt; x += wp_blks) {
ret = set_write_protect(fd, blk_start + x,
wptype != WPTYPE_NONE);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Could not set write protect for %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
}
if (wptype != WPTYPE_NONE) {
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_USER_WP,
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_USER_WP]);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error restoring EXT_CSD\n");
exit(1);
}
}
return ret;
usage:
fprintf(stderr,
"Usage: mmc writeprotect user set <type><start block><blocks><device>\n");
exit(1);
}
int do_disable_512B_emulation(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 ext_csd[EXT_CSD_SIZE], native_sector_size, data_sector_size, wr_rel_param;
int fd, ret;
char *device;
if (nargs != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc disable 512B emulation </path/to/mmcblkX>\n");
exit(1);
}
device = argv[1];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
wr_rel_param = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_WR_REL_PARAM];
native_sector_size = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_NATIVE_SECTOR_SIZE];
data_sector_size = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_DATA_SECTOR_SIZE];
if (native_sector_size && !data_sector_size &&
(wr_rel_param & EN_REL_WR)) {
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_USE_NATIVE_SECTOR, 1);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
1, EXT_CSD_NATIVE_SECTOR_SIZE, device);
exit(1);
}
printf("MMC disable 512B emulation successful. Now reset the device to switch to 4KB native sector mode.\n");
} else if (native_sector_size && data_sector_size) {
printf("MMC 512B emulation mode is already disabled; doing nothing.\n");
} else {
printf("MMC does not support disabling 512B emulation mode.\n");
}
return ret;
}
int do_write_boot_en(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 ext_csd[512];
__u8 value = 0;
int fd, ret;
char *device;
int boot_area, send_ack;
if (nargs != 4) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc bootpart enable <partition_number> <send_ack> </path/to/mmcblkX>\n");
exit(1);
}
/*
* If <send_ack> is 1, the device will send acknowledgment
* pattern "010" to the host when boot operation begins.
* If <send_ack> is 0, it won't.
*/
boot_area = strtol(argv[1], NULL, 10);
send_ack = strtol(argv[2], NULL, 10);
device = argv[3];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
value = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PART_CONFIG];
switch (boot_area) {
case EXT_CSD_PART_CONFIG_ACC_NONE:
value &= ~(7 << 3);
break;
case EXT_CSD_PART_CONFIG_ACC_BOOT0:
value |= (1 << 3);
value &= ~(3 << 4);
break;
case EXT_CSD_PART_CONFIG_ACC_BOOT1:
value |= (1 << 4);
value &= ~(1 << 3);
value &= ~(1 << 5);
break;
case EXT_CSD_PART_CONFIG_ACC_USER_AREA:
value |= (boot_area << 3);
break;
default:
fprintf(stderr, "Cannot enable the boot area\n");
exit(1);
}
if (send_ack)
value |= EXT_CSD_PART_CONFIG_ACC_ACK;
else
value &= ~EXT_CSD_PART_CONFIG_ACC_ACK;
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_PART_CONFIG, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to "
"EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
value, EXT_CSD_PART_CONFIG, device);
exit(1);
}
return ret;
}
int do_boot_bus_conditions_set(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 ext_csd[512];
__u8 value = 0;
int fd, ret;
char *device;
if (nargs != 5) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc: bootbus set <boot_mode> <reset_boot_bus_conditions> <boot_bus_width> <device>\n");
exit(1);
}
if (strcmp(argv[1], "single_backward") == 0)
value |= 0;
else if (strcmp(argv[1], "single_hs") == 0)
value |= 0x8;
else if (strcmp(argv[1], "dual") == 0)
value |= 0x10;
else {
fprintf(stderr, "illegal <boot_mode> specified\n");
exit(1);
}
if (strcmp(argv[2], "x1") == 0)
value |= 0;
else if (strcmp(argv[2], "retain") == 0)
value |= 0x4;
else {
fprintf(stderr,
"illegal <reset_boot_bus_conditions> specified\n");
exit(1);
}
if (strcmp(argv[3], "x1") == 0)
value |= 0;
else if (strcmp(argv[3], "x4") == 0)
value |= 0x1;
else if (strcmp(argv[3], "x8") == 0)
value |= 0x2;
else {
fprintf(stderr, "illegal <boot_bus_width> specified\n");
exit(1);
}
device = argv[4];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
printf("Changing ext_csd[BOOT_BUS_CONDITIONS] from 0x%02x to 0x%02x\n",
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_BOOT_BUS_CONDITIONS], value);
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_BOOT_BUS_CONDITIONS, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to "
"EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
value, EXT_CSD_BOOT_BUS_CONDITIONS, device);
exit(1);
}
close(fd);
return ret;
}
int do_hwreset(int value, int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 ext_csd[EXT_CSD_SIZE];
int fd, ret;
char *device;
if (nargs != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc hwreset enable </path/to/mmcblkX>\n");
exit(1);
}
device = argv[1];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
if ((ext_csd[EXT_CSD_RST_N_FUNCTION] & EXT_CSD_RST_N_EN_MASK) ==
EXT_CSD_HW_RESET_EN) {
fprintf(stderr,
"H/W Reset is already permanently enabled on %s\n",
device);
exit(1);
}
if ((ext_csd[EXT_CSD_RST_N_FUNCTION] & EXT_CSD_RST_N_EN_MASK) ==
EXT_CSD_HW_RESET_DIS) {
fprintf(stderr,
"H/W Reset is already permanently disabled on %s\n",
device);
exit(1);
}
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_RST_N_FUNCTION, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Could not write 0x%02x to EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
value, EXT_CSD_RST_N_FUNCTION, device);
exit(1);
}
return ret;
}
int do_hwreset_en(int nargs, char **argv)
{
return do_hwreset(EXT_CSD_HW_RESET_EN, nargs, argv);
}
int do_hwreset_dis(int nargs, char **argv)
{
return do_hwreset(EXT_CSD_HW_RESET_DIS, nargs, argv);
}
int do_write_bkops_en(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 ext_csd[EXT_CSD_SIZE], value = 0;
int fd, ret;
char *device;
if (nargs != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc bkops enable </path/to/mmcblkX>\n");
exit(1);
}
device = argv[1];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
if (!(ext_csd[EXT_CSD_BKOPS_SUPPORT] & 0x1)) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s doesn't support BKOPS\n", device);
exit(1);
}
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_BKOPS_EN, BKOPS_ENABLE);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
value, EXT_CSD_BKOPS_EN, device);
exit(1);
}
return ret;
}
int do_status_get(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u32 response;
int fd, ret;
char *device;
if (nargs != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc status get </path/to/mmcblkX>\n");
exit(1);
}
device = argv[1];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
ret = send_status(fd, &response);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read response to SEND_STATUS from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
printf("SEND_STATUS response: 0x%08x\n", response);
return ret;
}
__u32 get_word_from_ext_csd(__u8 *ext_csd_loc)
{
return (ext_csd_loc[3] << 24) |
(ext_csd_loc[2] << 16) |
(ext_csd_loc[1] << 8) |
ext_csd_loc[0];
}
unsigned int get_sector_count(__u8 *ext_csd)
{
return get_word_from_ext_csd(&ext_csd[EXT_CSD_SEC_COUNT_0]);
}
int is_blockaddresed(__u8 *ext_csd)
{
unsigned int sectors = get_sector_count(ext_csd);
/* over 2GiB devices are block-addressed */
return (sectors > (2u * 1024 * 1024 * 1024) / 512);
}
unsigned int get_hc_wp_grp_size(__u8 *ext_csd)
{
return ext_csd[221];
}
unsigned int get_hc_erase_grp_size(__u8 *ext_csd)
{
return ext_csd[224];
}
int set_partitioning_setting_completed(int dry_run, const char * const device,
int fd)
{
int ret;
if (dry_run == 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "NOT setting PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED\n");
fprintf(stderr, "These changes will not take effect neither "
"now nor after a power cycle\n");
return 1;
} else if (dry_run == 2) {
printf("-c given, expecting more partition settings before "
"writing PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED\n");
return 0;
}
fprintf(stderr, "setting OTP PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED!\n");
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED, 0x1);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x1 to "
"EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
EXT_CSD_PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED, device);
return 1;
}
__u32 response;
ret = send_status(fd, &response);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not get response to SEND_STATUS "
"from %s\n", device);
return 1;
}
if (response & R1_SWITCH_ERROR) {
fprintf(stderr, "Setting OTP PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED "
"failed on %s\n", device);
return 1;
}
fprintf(stderr, "Setting OTP PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED on "
"%s SUCCESS\n", device);
fprintf(stderr, "Device power cycle needed for settings to "
"take effect.\n"
"Confirm that PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED bit is set "
"using 'extcsd read' after power cycle\n");
return 0;
}
int check_enhanced_area_total_limit(const char * const device, int fd)
{
__u8 ext_csd[512];
__u32 regl;
unsigned long max_enh_area_sz, user_area_sz, enh_area_sz = 0;
unsigned long gp4_part_sz, gp3_part_sz, gp2_part_sz, gp1_part_sz;
unsigned long total_sz, total_gp_user_sz;
unsigned int wp_sz, erase_sz;
int ret;
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
wp_sz = get_hc_wp_grp_size(ext_csd);
erase_sz = get_hc_erase_grp_size(ext_csd);
regl = (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_4_2] << 16) |
(ext_csd[EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_4_1] << 8) |
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_4_0];
gp4_part_sz = 512l * regl * erase_sz * wp_sz;
if (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE] & EXT_CSD_ENH_4) {
enh_area_sz += gp4_part_sz;
printf("Enhanced GP4 Partition Size [GP_SIZE_MULT_4]: 0x%06x\n", regl);
printf(" i.e. %lu KiB\n", gp4_part_sz);
}
regl = (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_3_2] << 16) |
(ext_csd[EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_3_1] << 8) |
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_3_0];
gp3_part_sz = 512l * regl * erase_sz * wp_sz;
if (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE] & EXT_CSD_ENH_3) {
enh_area_sz += gp3_part_sz;
printf("Enhanced GP3 Partition Size [GP_SIZE_MULT_3]: 0x%06x\n", regl);
printf(" i.e. %lu KiB\n", gp3_part_sz);
}
regl = (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_2_2] << 16) |
(ext_csd[EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_2_1] << 8) |
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_2_0];
gp2_part_sz = 512l * regl * erase_sz * wp_sz;
if (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE] & EXT_CSD_ENH_2) {
enh_area_sz += gp2_part_sz;
printf("Enhanced GP2 Partition Size [GP_SIZE_MULT_2]: 0x%06x\n", regl);
printf(" i.e. %lu KiB\n", gp2_part_sz);
}
regl = (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_1_2] << 16) |
(ext_csd[EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_1_1] << 8) |
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_1_0];
gp1_part_sz = 512l * regl * erase_sz * wp_sz;
if (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE] & EXT_CSD_ENH_1) {
enh_area_sz += gp1_part_sz;
printf("Enhanced GP1 Partition Size [GP_SIZE_MULT_1]: 0x%06x\n", regl);
printf(" i.e. %lu KiB\n", gp1_part_sz);
}
regl = (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_ENH_SIZE_MULT_2] << 16) |
(ext_csd[EXT_CSD_ENH_SIZE_MULT_1] << 8) |
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_ENH_SIZE_MULT_0];
user_area_sz = 512l * regl * erase_sz * wp_sz;
if (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE] & EXT_CSD_ENH_USR) {
enh_area_sz += user_area_sz;
printf("Enhanced User Data Area Size [ENH_SIZE_MULT]: 0x%06x\n", regl);
printf(" i.e. %lu KiB\n", user_area_sz);
}
regl = (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_MAX_ENH_SIZE_MULT_2] << 16) |
(ext_csd[EXT_CSD_MAX_ENH_SIZE_MULT_1] << 8) |
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_MAX_ENH_SIZE_MULT_0];
max_enh_area_sz = 512l * regl * erase_sz * wp_sz;
printf("Max Enhanced Area Size [MAX_ENH_SIZE_MULT]: 0x%06x\n", regl);
printf(" i.e. %lu KiB\n", max_enh_area_sz);
if (enh_area_sz > max_enh_area_sz) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Programmed total enhanced size %lu KiB cannot exceed max enhanced area %lu KiB %s\n",
enh_area_sz, max_enh_area_sz, device);
return 1;
}
total_sz = get_sector_count(ext_csd) / 2;
total_gp_user_sz = gp4_part_sz + gp3_part_sz + gp2_part_sz +
gp1_part_sz + user_area_sz;
if (total_gp_user_sz > total_sz) {
fprintf(stderr,
"requested total partition size %lu KiB cannot exceed card capacity %lu KiB %s\n",
total_gp_user_sz, total_sz, device);
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
int do_create_gp_partition(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 value;
__u8 ext_csd[512];
__u8 address;
int fd, ret;
char *device;
int dry_run = 1;
int partition, enh_attr, ext_attr;
unsigned int length_kib, gp_size_mult;
unsigned long align;
if (nargs != 7) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc gp create <-y|-n|-c> <length KiB> <partition> <enh_attr> <ext_attr> </path/to/mmcblkX>\n");
exit(1);
}
if (!strcmp("-y", argv[1])) {
dry_run = 0;
} else if (!strcmp("-c", argv[1])) {
dry_run = 2;
}
length_kib = strtol(argv[2], NULL, 10);
partition = strtol(argv[3], NULL, 10);
enh_attr = strtol(argv[4], NULL, 10);
ext_attr = strtol(argv[5], NULL, 10);
device = argv[6];
if (partition < 1 || partition > 4) {
printf("Invalid gp partition number; valid range [1-4].\n");
exit(1);
}
if (enh_attr && ext_attr) {
printf("Not allowed to set both enhanced attribute and extended attribute\n");
exit(1);
}
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
/* assert not PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED */
if (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED]) {
printf(" Device is already partitioned\n");
exit(1);
}
align = 512l * get_hc_wp_grp_size(ext_csd) * get_hc_erase_grp_size(ext_csd);
gp_size_mult = (length_kib + align/2l) / align;
/* set EXT_CSD_ERASE_GROUP_DEF bit 0 */
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_ERASE_GROUP_DEF, 0x1);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x1 to EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
EXT_CSD_ERASE_GROUP_DEF, device);
exit(1);
}
value = (gp_size_mult >> 16) & 0xff;
address = EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_1_2 + (partition - 1) * 3;
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, address, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
value, address, device);
exit(1);
}
value = (gp_size_mult >> 8) & 0xff;
address = EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_1_1 + (partition - 1) * 3;
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, address, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
value, address, device);
exit(1);
}
value = gp_size_mult & 0xff;
address = EXT_CSD_GP_SIZE_MULT_1_0 + (partition - 1) * 3;
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, address, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
value, address, device);
exit(1);
}
value = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE];
if (enh_attr)
value |= (1 << partition);
else
value &= ~(1 << partition);
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write EXT_CSD_ENH_%x to EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
partition, EXT_CSD_PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE, device);
exit(1);
}
address = EXT_CSD_EXT_PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE_0 + (partition - 1) / 2;
value = ext_csd[address];
if (ext_attr)
value |= (ext_attr << (4 * ((partition - 1) % 2)));
else
value &= (0xF << (4 * ((partition % 2))));
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, address, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%x to EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
value, address, device);
exit(1);
}
ret = check_enhanced_area_total_limit(device, fd);
if (ret)
exit(1);
if (set_partitioning_setting_completed(dry_run, device, fd))
exit(1);
return 0;
}
int do_enh_area_set(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 value;
__u8 ext_csd[EXT_CSD_SIZE];
int fd, ret;
char *device;
int dry_run = 1;
unsigned int start_kib, length_kib, enh_start_addr, enh_size_mult;
unsigned long align;
if (nargs != 5) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc enh_area set <-y|-n|-c> <start KiB> <length KiB> </path/to/mmcblkX>\n");
exit(1);
}
if (!strcmp("-y", argv[1])) {
dry_run = 0;
} else if (!strcmp("-c", argv[1])) {
dry_run = 2;
}
start_kib = strtol(argv[2], NULL, 10);
length_kib = strtol(argv[3], NULL, 10);
device = argv[4];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
/* assert ENH_ATTRIBUTE_EN */
if (!(ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PARTITIONING_SUPPORT] & EXT_CSD_ENH_ATTRIBUTE_EN))
{
printf(" Device cannot have enhanced tech.\n");
exit(1);
}
/* assert not PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED */
if (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED])
{
printf(" Device is already partitioned\n");
exit(1);
}
align = 512l * get_hc_wp_grp_size(ext_csd) * get_hc_erase_grp_size(ext_csd);
enh_size_mult = (length_kib + align/2l) / align;
enh_start_addr = start_kib * (1024 / (is_blockaddresed(ext_csd) ? 512 : 1));
enh_start_addr /= align;
enh_start_addr *= align;
/* set EXT_CSD_ERASE_GROUP_DEF bit 0 */
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_ERASE_GROUP_DEF, 0x1);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x1 to "
"EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
EXT_CSD_ERASE_GROUP_DEF, device);
exit(1);
}
/* write to ENH_START_ADDR and ENH_SIZE_MULT and PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE's ENH_USR bit */
value = (enh_start_addr >> 24) & 0xff;
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_ENH_START_ADDR_3, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to "
"EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n", value,
EXT_CSD_ENH_START_ADDR_3, device);
exit(1);
}
value = (enh_start_addr >> 16) & 0xff;
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_ENH_START_ADDR_2, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to "
"EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n", value,
EXT_CSD_ENH_START_ADDR_2, device);
exit(1);
}
value = (enh_start_addr >> 8) & 0xff;
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_ENH_START_ADDR_1, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to "
"EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n", value,
EXT_CSD_ENH_START_ADDR_1, device);
exit(1);
}
value = enh_start_addr & 0xff;
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_ENH_START_ADDR_0, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to "
"EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n", value,
EXT_CSD_ENH_START_ADDR_0, device);
exit(1);
}
value = (enh_size_mult >> 16) & 0xff;
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_ENH_SIZE_MULT_2, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to "
"EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n", value,
EXT_CSD_ENH_SIZE_MULT_2, device);
exit(1);
}
value = (enh_size_mult >> 8) & 0xff;
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_ENH_SIZE_MULT_1, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to "
"EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n", value,
EXT_CSD_ENH_SIZE_MULT_1, device);
exit(1);
}
value = enh_size_mult & 0xff;
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_ENH_SIZE_MULT_0, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to "
"EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n", value,
EXT_CSD_ENH_SIZE_MULT_0, device);
exit(1);
}
value = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE] | EXT_CSD_ENH_USR;
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write EXT_CSD_ENH_USR to "
"EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
EXT_CSD_PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE, device);
exit(1);
}
ret = check_enhanced_area_total_limit(device, fd);
if (ret)
exit(1);
printf("Done setting ENH_USR area on %s\n", device);
if (set_partitioning_setting_completed(dry_run, device, fd))
exit(1);
return 0;
}
int do_write_reliability_set(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 value;
__u8 ext_csd[EXT_CSD_SIZE];
int fd, ret;
int dry_run = 1;
int partition;
char *device;
if (nargs != 4) {
fprintf(stderr,"Usage: mmc write_reliability set <-y|-n|-c> <partition> </path/to/mmcblkX>\n");
exit(1);
}
if (!strcmp("-y", argv[1])) {
dry_run = 0;
} else if (!strcmp("-c", argv[1])) {
dry_run = 2;
}
partition = strtol(argv[2], NULL, 10);
device = argv[3];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
/* assert not PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED */
if (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED])
{
printf(" Device is already partitioned\n");
exit(1);
}
/* assert HS_CTRL_REL */
if (!(ext_csd[EXT_CSD_WR_REL_PARAM] & HS_CTRL_REL)) {
printf("Cannot set write reliability parameters, WR_REL_SET is "
"read-only\n");
exit(1);
}
value = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_WR_REL_SET] | (1<<partition);
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_WR_REL_SET, value);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
value, EXT_CSD_WR_REL_SET, device);
exit(1);
}
printf("Done setting EXT_CSD_WR_REL_SET to 0x%02x on %s\n",
value, device);
if (set_partitioning_setting_completed(dry_run, device, fd))
exit(1);
return 0;
}
int do_read_extcsd(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 ext_csd[EXT_CSD_SIZE], ext_csd_rev, reg;
__u32 regl;
int fd, ret;
char *device;
const char *str;
const char *ver_str[] = {
"4.0", /* 0 */
"4.1", /* 1 */
"4.2", /* 2 */
"4.3", /* 3 */
"Obsolete", /* 4 */
"4.41", /* 5 */
"4.5", /* 6 */
"5.0", /* 7 */
"5.1", /* 8 */
};
int boot_access;
const char* boot_access_str[] = {
"No access to boot partition", /* 0 */
"R/W Boot Partition 1", /* 1 */
"R/W Boot Partition 2", /* 2 */
"R/W Replay Protected Memory Block (RPMB)", /* 3 */
};
if (nargs != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc extcsd read </path/to/mmcblkX>\n");
exit(1);
}
device = argv[1];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
ext_csd_rev = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_REV];
if ((ext_csd_rev < sizeof(ver_str)/sizeof(char*)) &&
(ext_csd_rev != 4))
str = ver_str[ext_csd_rev];
else
goto out_free;
printf("=============================================\n");
printf(" Extended CSD rev 1.%d (MMC %s)\n", ext_csd_rev, str);
printf("=============================================\n\n");
if (ext_csd_rev < 3)
goto out_free; /* No ext_csd */
/* Parse the Extended CSD registers.
* Reserved bit should be read as "0" in case of spec older
* than A441.
*/
reg = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_S_CMD_SET];
printf("Card Supported Command sets [S_CMD_SET: 0x%02x]\n", reg);
if (!reg)
printf(" - Standard MMC command sets\n");
reg = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_HPI_FEATURE];
printf("HPI Features [HPI_FEATURE: 0x%02x]: ", reg);
if (reg & EXT_CSD_HPI_SUPP) {
if (reg & EXT_CSD_HPI_IMPL)
printf("implementation based on CMD12\n");
else
printf("implementation based on CMD13\n");
}
printf("Background operations support [BKOPS_SUPPORT: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[502]);
if (ext_csd_rev >= 6) {
printf("Max Packet Read Cmd [MAX_PACKED_READS: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[501]);
printf("Max Packet Write Cmd [MAX_PACKED_WRITES: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[500]);
printf("Data TAG support [DATA_TAG_SUPPORT: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[499]);
printf("Data TAG Unit Size [TAG_UNIT_SIZE: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[498]);
printf("Tag Resources Size [TAG_RES_SIZE: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[497]);
printf("Context Management Capabilities"
" [CONTEXT_CAPABILITIES: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[496]);
printf("Large Unit Size [LARGE_UNIT_SIZE_M1: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[495]);
printf("Extended partition attribute support"
" [EXT_SUPPORT: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[494]);
}
if (ext_csd_rev >= 7) {
int j;
int eol_info;
char* eol_info_str[] = {
"Not Defined", /* 0 */
"Normal", /* 1 */
"Warning", /* 2 */
"Urgent", /* 3 */
};
printf("Supported modes [SUPPORTED_MODES: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[493]);
printf("FFU features [FFU_FEATURES: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[492]);
printf("Operation codes timeout"
" [OPERATION_CODE_TIMEOUT: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[491]);
printf("FFU Argument [FFU_ARG: 0x%08x]\n",
get_word_from_ext_csd(&ext_csd[487]));
printf("Number of FW sectors correctly programmed"
" [NUMBER_OF_FW_SECTORS_CORRECTLY_PROGRAMMED: %d]\n",
get_word_from_ext_csd(&ext_csd[302]));
printf("Vendor proprietary health report:\n");
for (j = 301; j >= 270; j--)
printf("[VENDOR_PROPRIETARY_HEALTH_REPORT[%d]]:"
" 0x%02x\n", j, ext_csd[j]);
for (j = 269; j >= 268; j--) {
__u8 life_used=ext_csd[j];
char est_type = 'B' + (j - 269);
printf("Device life time estimation type %c"
" [DEVICE_LIFE_TIME_EST_TYP_%c: 0x%02x]\n",
est_type, est_type, life_used);
if (life_used >= 0x1 && life_used <= 0xa)
printf(" i.e. %d%% - %d%% device life time"
" used\n",
(life_used - 1) * 10, life_used * 10);
else if (life_used == 0xb)
printf(" i.e. Exceeded its maximum estimated"
" device life time\n");
}
eol_info = ext_csd[267];
printf("Pre EOL information [PRE_EOL_INFO: 0x%02x]\n",
eol_info);
if (eol_info < sizeof(eol_info_str)/sizeof(char*))
printf(" i.e. %s\n", eol_info_str[eol_info]);
else
printf(" i.e. Reserved\n");
printf("Optimal read size [OPTIMAL_READ_SIZE: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[266]);
printf("Optimal write size [OPTIMAL_WRITE_SIZE: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[265]);
printf("Optimal trim unit size"
" [OPTIMAL_TRIM_UNIT_SIZE: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[264]);
printf("Device version [DEVICE_VERSION: 0x%02x - 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[263], ext_csd[262]);
printf("Firmware version:\n");
for (j = 261; j >= 254; j--)
printf("[FIRMWARE_VERSION[%d]]:"
" 0x%02x\n", j, ext_csd[j]);
printf("Power class for 200MHz, DDR at VCC= 3.6V"
" [PWR_CL_DDR_200_360: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[253]);
}
if (ext_csd_rev >= 6) {
printf("Generic CMD6 Timer [GENERIC_CMD6_TIME: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[248]);
printf("Power off notification [POWER_OFF_LONG_TIME: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[247]);
printf("Cache Size [CACHE_SIZE] is %d KiB\n",
get_word_from_ext_csd(&ext_csd[249]));
}
/* A441: Reserved [501:247]
A43: reserved [246:229] */
if (ext_csd_rev >= 5) {
printf("Background operations status"
" [BKOPS_STATUS: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[246]);
/* CORRECTLY_PRG_SECTORS_NUM [245:242] TODO */
printf("1st Initialisation Time after programmed sector"
" [INI_TIMEOUT_AP: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[241]);
/* A441: reserved [240] */
printf("Power class for 52MHz, DDR at 3.6V"
" [PWR_CL_DDR_52_360: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[239]);
printf("Power class for 52MHz, DDR at 1.95V"
" [PWR_CL_DDR_52_195: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[238]);
/* A441: reserved [237-236] */
if (ext_csd_rev >= 6) {
printf("Power class for 200MHz at 3.6V"
" [PWR_CL_200_360: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[237]);
printf("Power class for 200MHz, at 1.95V"
" [PWR_CL_200_195: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[236]);
}
printf("Minimum Performance for 8bit at 52MHz in DDR mode:\n");
printf(" [MIN_PERF_DDR_W_8_52: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[235]);
printf(" [MIN_PERF_DDR_R_8_52: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[234]);
/* A441: reserved [233] */
printf("TRIM Multiplier [TRIM_MULT: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[232]);
printf("Secure Feature support [SEC_FEATURE_SUPPORT: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[231]);
}
if (ext_csd_rev == 5) { /* Obsolete in 4.5 */
printf("Secure Erase Multiplier [SEC_ERASE_MULT: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[230]);
printf("Secure TRIM Multiplier [SEC_TRIM_MULT: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[229]);
}
reg = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_BOOT_INFO];
printf("Boot Information [BOOT_INFO: 0x%02x]\n", reg);
if (reg & EXT_CSD_BOOT_INFO_ALT)
printf(" Device supports alternative boot method\n");
if (reg & EXT_CSD_BOOT_INFO_DDR_DDR)
printf(" Device supports dual data rate during boot\n");
if (reg & EXT_CSD_BOOT_INFO_HS_MODE)
printf(" Device supports high speed timing during boot\n");
/* A441/A43: reserved [227] */
printf("Boot partition size [BOOT_SIZE_MULTI: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[226]);
printf("Access size [ACC_SIZE: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[225]);
reg = get_hc_erase_grp_size(ext_csd);
printf("High-capacity erase unit size [HC_ERASE_GRP_SIZE: 0x%02x]\n",
reg);
printf(" i.e. %u KiB\n", 512 * reg);
printf("High-capacity erase timeout [ERASE_TIMEOUT_MULT: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[223]);
printf("Reliable write sector count [REL_WR_SEC_C: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[222]);
reg = get_hc_wp_grp_size(ext_csd);
printf("High-capacity W protect group size [HC_WP_GRP_SIZE: 0x%02x]\n",
reg);
printf(" i.e. %lu KiB\n", 512l * get_hc_erase_grp_size(ext_csd) * reg);
printf("Sleep current (VCC) [S_C_VCC: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[220]);
printf("Sleep current (VCCQ) [S_C_VCCQ: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[219]);
/* A441/A43: reserved [218] */
printf("Sleep/awake timeout [S_A_TIMEOUT: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[217]);
/* A441/A43: reserved [216] */
unsigned int sectors = get_sector_count(ext_csd);
printf("Sector Count [SEC_COUNT: 0x%08x]\n", sectors);
if (is_blockaddresed(ext_csd))
printf(" Device is block-addressed\n");
else
printf(" Device is NOT block-addressed\n");
/* A441/A43: reserved [211] */
printf("Minimum Write Performance for 8bit:\n");
printf(" [MIN_PERF_W_8_52: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[210]);
printf(" [MIN_PERF_R_8_52: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[209]);
printf(" [MIN_PERF_W_8_26_4_52: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[208]);
printf(" [MIN_PERF_R_8_26_4_52: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[207]);
printf("Minimum Write Performance for 4bit:\n");
printf(" [MIN_PERF_W_4_26: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[206]);
printf(" [MIN_PERF_R_4_26: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[205]);
/* A441/A43: reserved [204] */
printf("Power classes registers:\n");
printf(" [PWR_CL_26_360: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[203]);
printf(" [PWR_CL_52_360: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[202]);
printf(" [PWR_CL_26_195: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[201]);
printf(" [PWR_CL_52_195: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[200]);
/* A43: reserved [199:198] */
if (ext_csd_rev >= 5) {
printf("Partition switching timing "
"[PARTITION_SWITCH_TIME: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[199]);
printf("Out-of-interrupt busy timing"
" [OUT_OF_INTERRUPT_TIME: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[198]);
}
/* A441/A43: reserved [197] [195] [193] [190] [188]
* [186] [184] [182] [180] [176] */
if (ext_csd_rev >= 6)
printf("I/O Driver Strength [DRIVER_STRENGTH: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[197]);
/* DEVICE_TYPE in A45, CARD_TYPE in A441 */
printf("Card Type [CARD_TYPE: 0x%02x - %02x]\n",
ext_csd[196], ext_csd[195]);
reg = ext_csd[195];
if (reg & 0x02) printf(" HS533 Dual Data Rate eMMC @266MHz 1.2VI/O\n");
if (reg & 0x01) printf(" HS533 Dual Data Rate eMMC @266MHz 1.8VI/O\n");
reg = ext_csd[196];
if (reg & 0x80) printf(" HS400 Dual Data Rate eMMC @200MHz 1.2VI/O\n");
if (reg & 0x40) printf(" HS400 Dual Data Rate eMMC @200MHz 1.8VI/O\n");
if (reg & 0x20) printf(" HS200 Single Data Rate eMMC @200MHz 1.2VI/O\n");
if (reg & 0x10) printf(" HS200 Single Data Rate eMMC @200MHz 1.8VI/O\n");
if (reg & 0x08) printf(" HS Dual Data Rate eMMC @52MHz 1.2VI/O\n");
if (reg & 0x04) printf(" HS Dual Data Rate eMMC @52MHz 1.8V or 3VI/O\n");
if (reg & 0x02) printf(" HS eMMC @52MHz - at rated device voltage(s)\n");
if (reg & 0x01) printf(" HS eMMC @26MHz - at rated device voltage(s)\n");
printf("CSD structure version [CSD_STRUCTURE: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[194]);
/* ext_csd_rev = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_REV] (already done!!!) */
printf("Command set [CMD_SET: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[191]);
printf("Command set revision [CMD_SET_REV: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[189]);
printf("Power class [POWER_CLASS: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[187]);
printf("High-speed interface timing [HS_TIMING: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[185]);
/* bus_width: ext_csd[183] not readable */
printf("Erased memory content [ERASED_MEM_CONT: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[181]);
reg = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_BOOT_CFG];
printf("Boot configuration bytes [PARTITION_CONFIG: 0x%02x]\n", reg);
switch ((reg & EXT_CSD_BOOT_CFG_EN)>>3) {
case 0x0:
printf(" Not boot enable\n");
break;
case 0x1:
printf(" Boot Partition 1 enabled\n");
break;
case 0x2:
printf(" Boot Partition 2 enabled\n");
break;
case 0x7:
printf(" User Area Enabled for boot\n");
break;
}
boot_access = reg & EXT_CSD_BOOT_CFG_ACC;
if (boot_access < sizeof(boot_access_str) / sizeof(char*))
printf(" %s\n", boot_access_str[boot_access]);
else
printf(" Access to General Purpose partition %d\n",
boot_access - 3);
printf("Boot config protection [BOOT_CONFIG_PROT: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[178]);
printf("Boot bus Conditions [BOOT_BUS_CONDITIONS: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[177]);
printf("High-density erase group definition"
" [ERASE_GROUP_DEF: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[EXT_CSD_ERASE_GROUP_DEF]);
print_writeprotect_boot_status(ext_csd);
if (ext_csd_rev >= 5) {
/* A441]: reserved [172] */
printf("User area write protection register"
" [USER_WP]: 0x%02x\n", ext_csd[171]);
/* A441]: reserved [170] */
printf("FW configuration [FW_CONFIG]: 0x%02x\n", ext_csd[169]);
printf("RPMB Size [RPMB_SIZE_MULT]: 0x%02x\n", ext_csd[168]);
reg = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_WR_REL_SET];
const char * const fast = "existing data is at risk if a power "
"failure occurs during a write operation";
const char * const reliable = "the device protects existing "
"data if a power failure occurs during a write "
"operation";
printf("Write reliability setting register"
" [WR_REL_SET]: 0x%02x\n", reg);
printf(" user area: %s\n", reg & (1<<0) ? reliable : fast);
int i;
for (i = 1; i <= 4; i++) {
printf(" partition %d: %s\n", i,
reg & (1<<i) ? reliable : fast);
}
reg = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_WR_REL_PARAM];
printf("Write reliability parameter register"
" [WR_REL_PARAM]: 0x%02x\n", reg);
if (reg & 0x01)
printf(" Device supports writing EXT_CSD_WR_REL_SET\n");
if (reg & 0x04)
printf(" Device supports the enhanced def. of reliable "
"write\n");
/* sanitize_start ext_csd[165]]: not readable
* bkops_start ext_csd[164]]: only writable */
printf("Enable background operations handshake"
" [BKOPS_EN]: 0x%02x\n", ext_csd[163]);
printf("H/W reset function"
" [RST_N_FUNCTION]: 0x%02x\n", ext_csd[162]);
printf("HPI management [HPI_MGMT]: 0x%02x\n", ext_csd[161]);
reg = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PARTITIONING_SUPPORT];
printf("Partitioning Support [PARTITIONING_SUPPORT]: 0x%02x\n",
reg);
if (reg & EXT_CSD_PARTITIONING_EN)
printf(" Device support partitioning feature\n");
else
printf(" Device NOT support partitioning feature\n");
if (reg & EXT_CSD_ENH_ATTRIBUTE_EN)
printf(" Device can have enhanced tech.\n");
else
printf(" Device cannot have enhanced tech.\n");
regl = (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_MAX_ENH_SIZE_MULT_2] << 16) |
(ext_csd[EXT_CSD_MAX_ENH_SIZE_MULT_1] << 8) |
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_MAX_ENH_SIZE_MULT_0];
printf("Max Enhanced Area Size [MAX_ENH_SIZE_MULT]: 0x%06x\n",
regl);
unsigned int wp_sz = get_hc_wp_grp_size(ext_csd);
unsigned int erase_sz = get_hc_erase_grp_size(ext_csd);
printf(" i.e. %lu KiB\n", 512l * regl * wp_sz * erase_sz);
printf("Partitions attribute [PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE]: 0x%02x\n",
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE]);
reg = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED];
printf("Partitioning Setting"
" [PARTITION_SETTING_COMPLETED]: 0x%02x\n",
reg);
if (reg)
printf(" Device partition setting complete\n");
else
printf(" Device partition setting NOT complete\n");
printf("General Purpose Partition Size\n"
" [GP_SIZE_MULT_4]: 0x%06x\n", (ext_csd[154] << 16) |
(ext_csd[153] << 8) | ext_csd[152]);
printf(" [GP_SIZE_MULT_3]: 0x%06x\n", (ext_csd[151] << 16) |
(ext_csd[150] << 8) | ext_csd[149]);
printf(" [GP_SIZE_MULT_2]: 0x%06x\n", (ext_csd[148] << 16) |
(ext_csd[147] << 8) | ext_csd[146]);
printf(" [GP_SIZE_MULT_1]: 0x%06x\n", (ext_csd[145] << 16) |
(ext_csd[144] << 8) | ext_csd[143]);
regl = (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_ENH_SIZE_MULT_2] << 16) |
(ext_csd[EXT_CSD_ENH_SIZE_MULT_1] << 8) |
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_ENH_SIZE_MULT_0];
printf("Enhanced User Data Area Size"
" [ENH_SIZE_MULT]: 0x%06x\n", regl);
printf(" i.e. %lu KiB\n", 512l * regl *
get_hc_erase_grp_size(ext_csd) *
get_hc_wp_grp_size(ext_csd));
regl = (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_ENH_START_ADDR_3] << 24) |
(ext_csd[EXT_CSD_ENH_START_ADDR_2] << 16) |
(ext_csd[EXT_CSD_ENH_START_ADDR_1] << 8) |
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_ENH_START_ADDR_0];
printf("Enhanced User Data Start Address"
" [ENH_START_ADDR]: 0x%08x\n", regl);
printf(" i.e. %llu bytes offset\n", (is_blockaddresed(ext_csd) ?
512ll : 1ll) * regl);
/* A441]: reserved [135] */
printf("Bad Block Management mode"
" [SEC_BAD_BLK_MGMNT]: 0x%02x\n", ext_csd[134]);
/* A441: reserved [133:0] */
}
/* B45 */
if (ext_csd_rev >= 6) {
int j;
/* tcase_support ext_csd[132] not readable */
printf("Periodic Wake-up [PERIODIC_WAKEUP]: 0x%02x\n",
ext_csd[131]);
printf("Program CID/CSD in DDR mode support"
" [PROGRAM_CID_CSD_DDR_SUPPORT]: 0x%02x\n",
ext_csd[130]);
for (j = 127; j >= 64; j--)
printf("Vendor Specific Fields"
" [VENDOR_SPECIFIC_FIELD[%d]]: 0x%02x\n",
j, ext_csd[j]);
reg = ext_csd[63];
printf("Native sector size [NATIVE_SECTOR_SIZE]: 0x%02x\n",
reg);
if (reg == 0x00)
printf(" i.e. 512 B\n");
else if (reg == 0x01)
printf(" i.e. 4 KiB\n");
else
printf(" i.e. Reserved\n");
printf("Sector size emulation [USE_NATIVE_SECTOR]: 0x%02x\n",
ext_csd[62]);
reg = ext_csd[61];
printf("Sector size [DATA_SECTOR_SIZE]: 0x%02x\n", reg);
if (reg == 0x00)
printf(" i.e. 512 B\n");
else if (reg == 0x01)
printf(" i.e. 4 KiB\n");
else
printf(" i.e. Reserved\n");
printf("1st initialization after disabling sector"
" size emulation [INI_TIMEOUT_EMU]: 0x%02x\n",
ext_csd[60]);
printf("Class 6 commands control [CLASS_6_CTRL]: 0x%02x\n",
ext_csd[59]);
printf("Number of addressed group to be Released"
"[DYNCAP_NEEDED]: 0x%02x\n", ext_csd[58]);
printf("Exception events control"
" [EXCEPTION_EVENTS_CTRL]: 0x%04x\n",
(ext_csd[57] << 8) | ext_csd[56]);
printf("Exception events status"
"[EXCEPTION_EVENTS_STATUS]: 0x%04x\n",
(ext_csd[55] << 8) | ext_csd[54]);
printf("Extended Partitions Attribute"
" [EXT_PARTITIONS_ATTRIBUTE]: 0x%04x\n",
(ext_csd[53] << 8) | ext_csd[52]);
for (j = 51; j >= 37; j--)
printf("Context configuration"
" [CONTEXT_CONF[%d]]: 0x%02x\n", j, ext_csd[j]);
printf("Packed command status"
" [PACKED_COMMAND_STATUS]: 0x%02x\n", ext_csd[36]);
printf("Packed command failure index"
" [PACKED_FAILURE_INDEX]: 0x%02x\n", ext_csd[35]);
printf("Power Off Notification"
" [POWER_OFF_NOTIFICATION]: 0x%02x\n", ext_csd[34]);
printf("Control to turn the Cache ON/OFF"
" [CACHE_CTRL]: 0x%02x\n", ext_csd[33]);
/* flush_cache ext_csd[32] not readable */
/*Reserved [31:0] */
}
if (ext_csd_rev >= 7) {
printf("Mode config [MODE_CONFIG: 0x%02x]\n", ext_csd[30]);
printf("Mode operation codes [MODE_OPERATION_CODES: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[29]);
reg = ext_csd[26];
printf("FFU status [FFU_STATUS: 0x%02x]\n", reg);
switch (reg) {
case 0x00:
printf(" Success\n");
break;
case 0x10:
printf(" General error\n");
break;
case 0x11:
printf(" Firmware install error\n");
break;
case 0x12:
printf(" Error in downloading firmware\n");
break;
default:
printf(" Reserved\n");
}
printf("Pre loading data size [PRE_LOADING_DATA_SIZE] is"
" %d sector size\n",
get_word_from_ext_csd(&ext_csd[22]));
printf("Max pre loading data size [MAX_PRE_LOADING_DATA_SIZE] is"
" %d sector size\n",
get_word_from_ext_csd(&ext_csd[18]));
printf("Product state awareness enablement"
" [PRODUCT_STATE_AWARENESS_ENABLEMENT: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[17]);
printf("Secure Removal Type [SECURE_REMOVAL_TYPE: 0x%02x]\n",
ext_csd[16]);
}
if (ext_csd_rev >= 7) {
printf("eMMC Firmware Version: %s\n",
(char*)&ext_csd[EXT_CSD_FIRMWARE_VERSION]);
printf("eMMC Life Time Estimation A [EXT_CSD_DEVICE_LIFE_TIME_EST_TYP_A]: 0x%02x\n",
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_DEVICE_LIFE_TIME_EST_TYP_A]);
printf("eMMC Life Time Estimation B [EXT_CSD_DEVICE_LIFE_TIME_EST_TYP_B]: 0x%02x\n",
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_DEVICE_LIFE_TIME_EST_TYP_B]);
printf("eMMC Pre EOL information [EXT_CSD_PRE_EOL_INFO]: 0x%02x\n",
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_PRE_EOL_INFO]);
}
if (ext_csd_rev >= 8) {
printf("Command Queue Support [CMDQ_SUPPORT]: 0x%02x\n",
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_CMDQ_SUPPORT]);
printf("Command Queue Depth [CMDQ_DEPTH]: %u\n",
(ext_csd[EXT_CSD_CMDQ_DEPTH] & 0x1f) + 1);
printf("Command Enabled [CMDQ_MODE_EN]: 0x%02x\n",
ext_csd[EXT_CSD_CMDQ_MODE_EN]);
}
out_free:
return ret;
}
int do_dump_extcsd(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 ext_csd[EXT_CSD_SIZE];
int fd, ret;
char *device;
int i, j;
if (nargs != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc writeprotect boot get </path/to/mmcblkX>\n");
exit(1);
}
device = argv[1];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("Failed to open mmc device");
exit(1);
}
ret = read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not read EXT_CSD from %s\n", device);
exit(1);
}
/* Dump all bytes so that any undecoded or proprietary registers */
/* can be acessed. */
printf("EXT_CSD binary dump:\n");
for (i = 0; i < EXT_CSD_SIZE; i+= 16) {
printf(" %3d: %3x: ", i, i);
for (j = 0; (j < 16) && (i + j < EXT_CSD_SIZE); j++) {
printf(" %02x", ext_csd[i+j]);
}
printf("\n");
}
return ret;
}
int do_sanitize(int nargs, char **argv)
{
int fd, ret;
char *device;
if (nargs != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc sanitize </path/to/mmcblkX>\n");
exit(1);
}
device = argv[1];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_SANITIZE_START, 1);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not write 0x%02x to EXT_CSD[%d] in %s\n",
1, EXT_CSD_SANITIZE_START, device);
exit(1);
}
return ret;
}
enum blockprotect_mode {
BLOCKPROTECT_TEMPORARY = 0,
BLOCKPROTECT_POWERON,
BLOCKPROTECT_PERMANENT,
};
int write_blockprotect(int fd, __u32 sector, int enable)
{
struct mmc_ioc_cmd cmd;
int ret;
memset(&cmd, 0, sizeof(cmd));
cmd.write_flag = 1;
cmd.opcode = enable ? MMC_SET_WRITE_PROT : MMC_CLR_WRITE_PROT;
cmd.arg = sector;
cmd.flags = MMC_RSP_SPI_R1B | MMC_RSP_R1B | MMC_CMD_AC;
ret = ioctl(fd, MMC_IOC_CMD, &cmd);
if (ret)
perror("SET/CLR_WRITE_PROT command");
return ret;
}
int do_blockprotect_enable(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 ext_csd[EXT_CSD_SIZE];
__u8 user_wp;
__u32 sector;
char *end;
int ret, fd;
int arg_index = 0;
enum blockprotect_mode mode = BLOCKPROTECT_TEMPORARY;
if (nargs > 0 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-r")) {
arg_index++;
mode = BLOCKPROTECT_POWERON;
} else if (nargs > 0 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-p")) {
arg_index++;
mode = BLOCKPROTECT_PERMANENT;
}
if (nargs != 3 + arg_index) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc blockprotect enable [-p|-r] <device> <write protect block>\n");
exit(1);
}
sector = strtoul(argv[2 + arg_index], &end, 0);
if (*end != '\0') {
fprintf(stderr, "Not a block number: %s\n",
argv[2 + arg_index]);
exit(1);
}
fd = open(argv[1 + arg_index], O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
if (read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd))
exit(1);
user_wp = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_USER_WP];
user_wp &= ~(EXT_CSD_US_PERM_WP_EN | EXT_CSD_US_PWR_WP_EN);
if (mode == BLOCKPROTECT_POWERON)
user_wp |= EXT_CSD_US_PWR_WP_EN;
else if (mode == BLOCKPROTECT_PERMANENT)
user_wp |= EXT_CSD_US_PERM_WP_EN;
ret = write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_USER_WP, user_wp);
if (ret) {
perror("update EXT_CSD[USER_WP]");
exit(1);
}
usleep(INTER_COMMAND_GAP_US);
ret = write_blockprotect(fd, sector, 1);
usleep(INTER_COMMAND_GAP_US);
user_wp &= ~(EXT_CSD_US_PERM_WP_EN | EXT_CSD_US_PWR_WP_EN);
if (write_extcsd_value(fd, EXT_CSD_USER_WP, user_wp)) {
perror("reset EXT_CSD[USER_WP]");
if (!ret)
ret = -1;
}
return ret;
}
int do_blockprotect_disable(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u32 sector;
char *end;
int fd;
if (nargs != 3) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc blockprotect disable <device> <write protect block>\n");
exit(1);
}
sector = strtoul(argv[2], &end, 0);
if (*end != '\0') {
fprintf(stderr, "Not a block number: %s\n", argv[2]);
exit(1);
}
fd = open(argv[1], O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
return write_blockprotect(fd, sector, 0);
}
int do_blockprotect_read(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 wp_bits[8];
__u32 sector;
char *end;
int fd;
struct mmc_ioc_cmd cmd;
if (nargs != 3) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc blockprotect read <device> <write protect block>\n");
exit(1);
}
fd = open(argv[1], O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
sector = strtoul(argv[2], &end, 0);
if (*end != '\0') {
fprintf(stderr, "Not a block number: %s\n", argv[2]);
exit(1);
}
memset(&cmd, 0, sizeof(cmd));
cmd.write_flag = 0;
cmd.opcode = MMC_SEND_WRITE_PROT_TYPE;
cmd.arg = sector;
cmd.flags = MMC_RSP_SPI_R1 | MMC_RSP_R1 | MMC_CMD_ADTC;
cmd.blksz = sizeof(wp_bits);
cmd.blocks = 1;
mmc_ioc_cmd_set_data(cmd, wp_bits);
if (ioctl(fd, MMC_IOC_CMD, &cmd)) {
perror("SEND_WRITE_PROT_TYPE command");
exit(1);
}
printf("Sector %u write protection: ", sector);
switch (wp_bits[7] & 3) {
case 0:
printf("NONE\n");
break;
case 1:
printf("TEMPORARY\n");
break;
case 2:
printf("POWER-ON\n");
break;
case 3:
printf("PERMANENT\n");
break;
}
return 0;
}
int do_blockprotect_info(int nargs, char **argv)
{
__u8 ext_csd[EXT_CSD_SIZE];
__u8 user_wp;
int fd, wp_sz, erase_sz;
if (nargs != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc blockprotect info <device>\n");
exit(1);
}
fd = open(argv[1], O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
if (read_extcsd(fd, ext_csd))
exit(1);
if (ext_csd[EXT_CSD_CLASS_6_CTRL] != 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Block protection commands not supported: "
"CLASS_6_CTRL set.\n");
exit(1);
}
if ((ext_csd[EXT_CSD_ERASE_GROUP_DEF] & 0x1) != 0x1) {
fprintf(stderr, "Block protection commands not supported: "
"high-capacity sizes not enabled.\n");
exit(1);
}
wp_sz = get_hc_wp_grp_size(ext_csd);
erase_sz = get_hc_erase_grp_size(ext_csd);
if (erase_sz == 0 || wp_sz == 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Block protection commands not supported: "
"no high-capacity size for erase or WP blocks.\n");
exit(1);
}
printf("Write protect block size in sectors: %d\n",
erase_sz * wp_sz * 1024);
user_wp = ext_csd[EXT_CSD_USER_WP];
printf("Permanent write protection: %s\n",
user_wp & EXT_CSD_US_PERM_WP_DIS ? "forbidden" : "allowed");
printf("Power-on write protection: %s\n",
user_wp & EXT_CSD_US_PWR_WP_DIS ? "forbidden" : "allowed");
return 0;
}
static const char* const mmc_ffu_hack_names[] = {
[MMC_OVERRIDE_FFU_ARG] = "ffu_arg",
};
int do_emmc50_ffu (int nargs, char **argv)
{
int fd, ret, i, argc=1, ffu_hack=0;
char *device, *type, *path;
__u64 value;
union {
__u8 data[FFU_DATA_SIZE];
struct mmc_ffu_args ffu_args;
} ffu_data;
struct mmc_ffu_args *ffu_args = &ffu_data.ffu_args;
struct mmc_ioc_cmd mmc_ioc_cmd;
while (!strcmp("-k", argv[argc])) {
ret = sscanf(argv[++argc], "%m[^:]:0x%llx", &type, &value);
if (ret < 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "Invalid hack: %s\n", argv[argc]);
exit(1);
}
for (i = 0; i < MMC_HACK_LEN; i++) {
if (!strcmp(type, mmc_ffu_hack_names[i])) {
ffu_args->hack[ffu_hack].type = i;
if (ret == 2) {
ffu_args->hack[ffu_hack].value = value;
}
ffu_hack++;
if (ffu_hack * sizeof(struct mmc_ffu_hack) +
sizeof(struct mmc_ffu_args) >
FFU_DATA_SIZE) {
fprintf(stderr, "Too many %d hacks",
ffu_hack);
exit(1);
}
break;
}
}
if (i == MMC_HACK_LEN) {
fprintf(stderr, "Hack type %s not found\n", type);
fprintf(stderr, "Supported types are: ");
for (i = 0; i < MMC_HACK_LEN; i++)
fprintf(stderr, "%s%s", mmc_ffu_hack_names[i],
(i == MMC_HACK_LEN-1 ? "\n": ", "));
exit(1);
}
free(type);
argc++;
}
ffu_args->hack_nb = ffu_hack;
path = argv[argc++];
if (strlen(path) >= FFU_NAME_LEN) {
fprintf(stderr, "Filename \"%.20s\" too long\n", path);
exit(1);
}
strcpy(ffu_args->name, path);
device = argv[argc++];
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("open");
exit(1);
}
/* prepare and send ioctl */
memset(&mmc_ioc_cmd, 0, sizeof(mmc_ioc_cmd));
mmc_ioc_cmd.opcode = MMC_FFU_INVOKE_OP;
mmc_ioc_cmd.blksz = FFU_DATA_SIZE;
mmc_ioc_cmd.blocks = 1;
mmc_ioc_cmd.arg = 0;
mmc_ioc_cmd.flags = MMC_RSP_SPI_R1 | MMC_RSP_R1 | MMC_CMD_ADTC;
mmc_ioc_cmd.write_flag = 1;
mmc_ioc_cmd_set_data(mmc_ioc_cmd, ffu_args);
ret = ioctl(fd, MMC_IOC_CMD, &mmc_ioc_cmd);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "FFU install failed : %s\n", strerror(errno));
exit(1);
}
close(fd);
return 0;
}
#define DO_IO(func, fd, buf, nbyte) \
({ \
ssize_t ret = 0, r; \
do { \
r = func(fd, buf + ret, nbyte - ret); \
if (r < 0 && errno != EINTR) { \
ret = -1; \
break; \
} \
else if (r > 0) \
ret += r; \
} while (r != 0 && (size_t)ret != nbyte); \
\
ret; \
})
enum rpmb_op_type {
MMC_RPMB_WRITE_KEY = 0x01,
MMC_RPMB_READ_CNT = 0x02,
MMC_RPMB_WRITE = 0x03,
MMC_RPMB_READ = 0x04,
/* For internal usage only, do not use it directly */
MMC_RPMB_READ_RESP = 0x05
};
struct rpmb_frame {
u_int8_t stuff[196];
u_int8_t key_mac[32];
u_int8_t data[256];
u_int8_t nonce[16];
u_int32_t write_counter;
u_int16_t addr;
u_int16_t block_count;
u_int16_t result;
u_int16_t req_resp;
};
/* Performs RPMB operation.
*
* @fd: RPMB device on which we should perform ioctl command
* @frame_in: input RPMB frame, should be properly inited
* @frame_out: output (result) RPMB frame. Caller is responsible for checking
* result and req_resp for output frame.
* @out_cnt: count of outer frames. Used only for multiple blocks reading,
* in the other cases -EINVAL will be returned.
*/
static int do_rpmb_op(int fd,
const struct rpmb_frame *frame_in,
struct rpmb_frame *frame_out,
unsigned int out_cnt)
{
int err;
u_int16_t rpmb_type;
struct mmc_ioc_cmd ioc = {
.arg = 0x0,
.blksz = 512,
.blocks = 1,
.write_flag = 1,
.opcode = MMC_WRITE_MULTIPLE_BLOCK,
.flags = MMC_RSP_SPI_R1 | MMC_RSP_R1 | MMC_CMD_ADTC,
.data_ptr = (uintptr_t)frame_in
};
if (!frame_in || !frame_out || !out_cnt)
return -EINVAL;
rpmb_type = be16toh(frame_in->req_resp);
switch(rpmb_type) {
case MMC_RPMB_WRITE:
case MMC_RPMB_WRITE_KEY:
if (out_cnt != 1) {
err = -EINVAL;
goto out;
}
/* Write request */
ioc.write_flag |= (1<<31);
err = ioctl(fd, MMC_IOC_CMD, &ioc);
if (err < 0) {
err = -errno;
goto out;
}
/* Result request */
memset(frame_out, 0, sizeof(*frame_out));
frame_out->req_resp = htobe16(MMC_RPMB_READ_RESP);
ioc.write_flag = 1;
ioc.data_ptr = (uintptr_t)frame_out;
err = ioctl(fd, MMC_IOC_CMD, &ioc);
if (err < 0) {
err = -errno;
goto out;
}
/* Get response */
ioc.write_flag = 0;
ioc.opcode = MMC_READ_MULTIPLE_BLOCK;
err = ioctl(fd, MMC_IOC_CMD, &ioc);
if (err < 0) {
err = -errno;
goto out;
}
break;
case MMC_RPMB_READ_CNT:
if (out_cnt != 1) {
err = -EINVAL;
goto out;
}
/* fall through */
case MMC_RPMB_READ:
/* Request */
err = ioctl(fd, MMC_IOC_CMD, &ioc);
if (err < 0) {
err = -errno;
goto out;
}
/* Get response */
ioc.write_flag = 0;
ioc.opcode = MMC_READ_MULTIPLE_BLOCK;
ioc.blocks = out_cnt;
ioc.data_ptr = (uintptr_t)frame_out;
err = ioctl(fd, MMC_IOC_CMD, &ioc);
if (err < 0) {
err = -errno;
goto out;
}
break;
default:
err = -EINVAL;
goto out;
}
out:
return err;
}
int do_rpmb_write_key(int nargs, char **argv)
{
int ret, dev_fd, key_fd;
struct rpmb_frame frame_in = {
.req_resp = htobe16(MMC_RPMB_WRITE_KEY)
}, frame_out;
if (nargs != 3) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc rpmb write-key </path/to/mmcblkXrpmb> </path/to/key>\n");
exit(1);
}
dev_fd = open(argv[1], O_RDWR);
if (dev_fd < 0) {
perror("device open");
exit(1);
}
if (0 == strcmp(argv[2], "-"))
key_fd = STDIN_FILENO;
else {
key_fd = open(argv[2], O_RDONLY);
if (key_fd < 0) {
perror("can't open key file");
exit(1);
}
}
/* Read the auth key */
ret = DO_IO(read, key_fd, frame_in.key_mac, sizeof(frame_in.key_mac));
if (ret < 0) {
perror("read the key");
exit(1);
} else if (ret != sizeof(frame_in.key_mac)) {
printf("Auth key must be %lu bytes length, but we read only %d, exit\n",
(unsigned long)sizeof(frame_in.key_mac),
ret);
exit(1);
}
/* Execute RPMB op */
ret = do_rpmb_op(dev_fd, &frame_in, &frame_out, 1);
if (ret != 0) {
perror("RPMB ioctl failed");
exit(1);
}
/* Check RPMB response */
if (frame_out.result != 0) {
printf("RPMB operation failed, retcode 0x%04x\n",
be16toh(frame_out.result));
exit(1);
}
close(dev_fd);
if (key_fd != STDIN_FILENO)
close(key_fd);
return ret;
}
int rpmb_read_counter(int dev_fd, unsigned int *cnt)
{
int ret;
struct rpmb_frame frame_in = {
.req_resp = htobe16(MMC_RPMB_READ_CNT)
}, frame_out;
/* Execute RPMB op */
ret = do_rpmb_op(dev_fd, &frame_in, &frame_out, 1);
if (ret != 0) {
perror("RPMB ioctl failed");
exit(1);
}
/* Check RPMB response */
if (frame_out.result != 0)
return be16toh(frame_out.result);
*cnt = be32toh(frame_out.write_counter);
return 0;
}
int do_rpmb_read_counter(int nargs, char **argv)
{
int ret, dev_fd;
unsigned int cnt;
if (nargs != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc rpmb read-counter </path/to/mmcblkXrpmb>\n");
exit(1);
}
dev_fd = open(argv[1], O_RDWR);
if (dev_fd < 0) {
perror("device open");
exit(1);
}
ret = rpmb_read_counter(dev_fd, &cnt);
/* Check RPMB response */
if (ret != 0) {
printf("RPMB operation failed, retcode 0x%04x\n", ret);
exit(1);
}
close(dev_fd);
printf("Counter value: 0x%08x\n", cnt);
return ret;
}
int do_rpmb_read_block(int nargs, char **argv)
{
int i, ret, dev_fd, data_fd, key_fd = -1;
uint16_t addr, blocks_cnt;
unsigned char key[32];
struct rpmb_frame frame_in = {
.req_resp = htobe16(MMC_RPMB_READ),
}, *frame_out_p;
if (nargs != 5 && nargs != 6) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc rpmb read-block </path/to/mmcblkXrpmb> <address> <blocks count> </path/to/output_file> [/path/to/key]\n");
exit(1);
}
dev_fd = open(argv[1], O_RDWR);
if (dev_fd < 0) {
perror("device open");
exit(1);
}
/* Get block address */
errno = 0;
addr = strtol(argv[2], NULL, 0);
if (errno) {
perror("incorrect address");
exit(1);
}
frame_in.addr = htobe16(addr);
/* Get blocks count */
errno = 0;
blocks_cnt = strtol(argv[3], NULL, 0);
if (errno) {
perror("incorrect blocks count");
exit(1);
}
if (!blocks_cnt) {
printf("please, specify valid blocks count number\n");
exit(1);
}
frame_out_p = calloc(sizeof(*frame_out_p), blocks_cnt);
if (!frame_out_p) {
printf("can't allocate memory for RPMB outer frames\n");
exit(1);
}
/* Write 256b data */
if (0 == strcmp(argv[4], "-"))
data_fd = STDOUT_FILENO;
else {
data_fd = open(argv[4], O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_APPEND,
S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR);
if (data_fd < 0) {
perror("can't open output file");
exit(1);
}
}
/* Key is specified */
if (nargs == 6) {
if (0 == strcmp(argv[5], "-"))
key_fd = STDIN_FILENO;
else {
key_fd = open(argv[5], O_RDONLY);
if (key_fd < 0) {
perror("can't open input key file");
exit(1);
}
}
ret = DO_IO(read, key_fd, key, sizeof(key));
if (ret < 0) {
perror("read the key data");
exit(1);
} else if (ret != sizeof(key)) {
printf("Data must be %lu bytes length, but we read only %d, exit\n",
(unsigned long)sizeof(key),
ret);
exit(1);
}
}
/* Execute RPMB op */
ret = do_rpmb_op(dev_fd, &frame_in, frame_out_p, blocks_cnt);
if (ret != 0) {
perror("RPMB ioctl failed");
exit(1);
}
/* Check RPMB response */
if (frame_out_p[blocks_cnt - 1].result != 0) {
printf("RPMB operation failed, retcode 0x%04x\n",
be16toh(frame_out_p[blocks_cnt - 1].result));
exit(1);
}
/* Do we have to verify data against key? */
if (nargs == 6) {
unsigned char mac[32];
hmac_sha256_ctx ctx;
struct rpmb_frame *frame_out = NULL;
hmac_sha256_init(&ctx, key, sizeof(key));
for (i = 0; i < blocks_cnt; i++) {
frame_out = &frame_out_p[i];
hmac_sha256_update(&ctx, frame_out->data,
sizeof(*frame_out) -
offsetof(struct rpmb_frame, data));
}
hmac_sha256_final(&ctx, mac, sizeof(mac));
/* Impossible */
assert(frame_out);
/* Compare calculated MAC and MAC from last frame */
if (memcmp(mac, frame_out->key_mac, sizeof(mac))) {
printf("RPMB MAC missmatch\n");
exit(1);
}
}
/* Write data */
for (i = 0; i < blocks_cnt; i++) {
struct rpmb_frame *frame_out = &frame_out_p[i];
ret = DO_IO(write, data_fd, frame_out->data, sizeof(frame_out->data));
if (ret < 0) {
perror("write the data");
exit(1);
} else if (ret != sizeof(frame_out->data)) {
printf("Data must be %lu bytes length, but we wrote only %d, exit\n",
(unsigned long)sizeof(frame_out->data),
ret);
exit(1);
}
}
free(frame_out_p);
close(dev_fd);
if (data_fd != STDOUT_FILENO)
close(data_fd);
if (key_fd != -1 && key_fd != STDIN_FILENO)
close(key_fd);
return ret;
}
int do_rpmb_write_block(int nargs, char **argv)
{
int ret, dev_fd, key_fd, data_fd;
unsigned char key[32];
uint16_t addr;
unsigned int cnt;
struct rpmb_frame frame_in = {
.req_resp = htobe16(MMC_RPMB_WRITE),
.block_count = htobe16(1)
}, frame_out;
if (nargs != 5) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mmc rpmb write-block </path/to/mmcblkXrpmb> <address> </path/to/input_file> </path/to/key>\n");
exit(1);
}
dev_fd = open(argv[1], O_RDWR);
if (dev_fd < 0) {
perror("device open");
exit(1);
}
ret = rpmb_read_counter(dev_fd, &cnt);
/* Check RPMB response */
if (ret != 0) {
printf("RPMB read counter operation failed, retcode 0x%04x\n", ret);
exit(1);
}
frame_in.