blob: 63260e43e1b789b7b9fd4b6be7926cfeb5a9f7d7 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* QEMU System Emulator
*
* Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
* THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <zlib.h>
/* Needed early for CONFIG_BSD etc. */
#include "config-host.h"
#ifndef _WIN32
#include <libgen.h>
#include <sys/times.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <termios.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <sys/select.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_BSD
#include <sys/stat.h>
#if defined(__FreeBSD__) || defined(__FreeBSD_kernel__) || defined(__DragonFly__)
#include <libutil.h>
#include <sys/sysctl.h>
#else
#include <util.h>
#endif
#else
#ifdef __linux__
#include <pty.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <linux/ppdev.h>
#include <linux/parport.h>
#endif
#ifdef __sun__
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/ethernet.h>
#include <sys/sockio.h>
#include <netinet/arp.h>
#include <netinet/in_systm.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h>
#include <netinet/ip_icmp.h> // must come after ip.h
#include <netinet/udp.h>
#include <netinet/tcp.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include <stropts.h>
#endif
#endif
#endif
#if defined(__OpenBSD__)
#include <util.h>
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_VDE)
#include <libvdeplug.h>
#endif
#ifdef _WIN32
#include <windows.h>
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SDL
#if defined(__APPLE__) || defined(main)
#include <SDL.h>
int qemu_main(int argc, char **argv, char **envp);
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
return qemu_main(argc, argv, NULL);
}
#undef main
#define main qemu_main
#endif
#endif /* CONFIG_SDL */
#ifdef CONFIG_COCOA
#undef main
#define main qemu_main
#endif /* CONFIG_COCOA */
#include "hw/hw.h"
#include "hw/boards.h"
#include "hw/usb.h"
#include "hw/pcmcia.h"
#include "hw/pc.h"
#include "hw/isa.h"
#include "hw/baum.h"
#include "hw/bt.h"
#include "hw/watchdog.h"
#include "hw/smbios.h"
#include "hw/xen.h"
#include "hw/qdev.h"
#include "hw/loader.h"
#include "bt-host.h"
#include "net.h"
#include "net/slirp.h"
#include "monitor.h"
#include "console.h"
#include "sysemu.h"
#include "gdbstub.h"
#include "qemu-timer.h"
#include "qemu-char.h"
#include "cache-utils.h"
#include "block.h"
#include "blockdev.h"
#include "block-migration.h"
#include "dma.h"
#include "audio/audio.h"
#include "migration.h"
#include "kvm.h"
#include "qemu-option.h"
#include "qemu-config.h"
#include "qemu-objects.h"
#include "qemu-options.h"
#ifdef CONFIG_VIRTFS
#include "fsdev/qemu-fsdev.h"
#endif
#include "disas.h"
#include "qemu_socket.h"
#include "slirp/libslirp.h"
#include "trace.h"
#include "simpletrace.h"
#include "qemu-queue.h"
#include "cpus.h"
#include "arch_init.h"
#include "ui/qemu-spice.h"
//#define DEBUG_NET
//#define DEBUG_SLIRP
#define DEFAULT_RAM_SIZE 128
#define MAX_VIRTIO_CONSOLES 1
static const char *data_dir;
const char *bios_name = NULL;
enum vga_retrace_method vga_retrace_method = VGA_RETRACE_DUMB;
DisplayType display_type = DT_DEFAULT;
int display_remote = 0;
const char* keyboard_layout = NULL;
ram_addr_t ram_size;
const char *mem_path = NULL;
#ifdef MAP_POPULATE
int mem_prealloc = 0; /* force preallocation of physical target memory */
#endif
int nb_nics;
NICInfo nd_table[MAX_NICS];
int vm_running;
int autostart;
int incoming_expected; /* Started with -incoming and waiting for incoming */
static int rtc_utc = 1;
static int rtc_date_offset = -1; /* -1 means no change */
QEMUClock *rtc_clock;
int vga_interface_type = VGA_NONE;
static int full_screen = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_SDL
static int no_frame = 0;
#endif
int no_quit = 0;
CharDriverState *serial_hds[MAX_SERIAL_PORTS];
CharDriverState *parallel_hds[MAX_PARALLEL_PORTS];
CharDriverState *virtcon_hds[MAX_VIRTIO_CONSOLES];
int win2k_install_hack = 0;
int rtc_td_hack = 0;
int usb_enabled = 0;
int singlestep = 0;
int smp_cpus = 1;
int max_cpus = 0;
int smp_cores = 1;
int smp_threads = 1;
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC
const char *vnc_display;
#endif
int acpi_enabled = 1;
int no_hpet = 0;
int fd_bootchk = 1;
int no_reboot = 0;
int no_shutdown = 0;
int cursor_hide = 1;
int graphic_rotate = 0;
uint8_t irq0override = 1;
const char *watchdog;
QEMUOptionRom option_rom[MAX_OPTION_ROMS];
int nb_option_roms;
int semihosting_enabled = 0;
int old_param = 0;
const char *qemu_name;
int alt_grab = 0;
int ctrl_grab = 0;
unsigned int nb_prom_envs = 0;
const char *prom_envs[MAX_PROM_ENVS];
int boot_menu;
typedef struct FWBootEntry FWBootEntry;
struct FWBootEntry {
QTAILQ_ENTRY(FWBootEntry) link;
int32_t bootindex;
DeviceState *dev;
char *suffix;
};
QTAILQ_HEAD(, FWBootEntry) fw_boot_order = QTAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(fw_boot_order);
int nb_numa_nodes;
uint64_t node_mem[MAX_NODES];
uint64_t node_cpumask[MAX_NODES];
static QEMUTimer *nographic_timer;
uint8_t qemu_uuid[16];
static QEMUBootSetHandler *boot_set_handler;
static void *boot_set_opaque;
static NotifierList exit_notifiers =
NOTIFIER_LIST_INITIALIZER(exit_notifiers);
static NotifierList machine_init_done_notifiers =
NOTIFIER_LIST_INITIALIZER(machine_init_done_notifiers);
static int tcg_allowed = 1;
int kvm_allowed = 0;
int xen_allowed = 0;
uint32_t xen_domid;
enum xen_mode xen_mode = XEN_EMULATE;
static int default_serial = 1;
static int default_parallel = 1;
static int default_virtcon = 1;
static int default_monitor = 1;
static int default_vga = 1;
static int default_floppy = 1;
static int default_cdrom = 1;
static int default_sdcard = 1;
static struct {
const char *driver;
int *flag;
} default_list[] = {
{ .driver = "isa-serial", .flag = &default_serial },
{ .driver = "isa-parallel", .flag = &default_parallel },
{ .driver = "isa-fdc", .flag = &default_floppy },
{ .driver = "ide-cd", .flag = &default_cdrom },
{ .driver = "ide-hd", .flag = &default_cdrom },
{ .driver = "ide-drive", .flag = &default_cdrom },
{ .driver = "scsi-cd", .flag = &default_cdrom },
{ .driver = "virtio-serial-pci", .flag = &default_virtcon },
{ .driver = "virtio-serial-s390", .flag = &default_virtcon },
{ .driver = "virtio-serial", .flag = &default_virtcon },
{ .driver = "VGA", .flag = &default_vga },
{ .driver = "cirrus-vga", .flag = &default_vga },
{ .driver = "vmware-svga", .flag = &default_vga },
{ .driver = "isa-vga", .flag = &default_vga },
{ .driver = "qxl-vga", .flag = &default_vga },
};
static int default_driver_check(QemuOpts *opts, void *opaque)
{
const char *driver = qemu_opt_get(opts, "driver");
int i;
if (!driver)
return 0;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(default_list); i++) {
if (strcmp(default_list[i].driver, driver) != 0)
continue;
*(default_list[i].flag) = 0;
}
return 0;
}
/***********************************************************/
/* real time host monotonic timer */
/***********************************************************/
/* host time/date access */
void qemu_get_timedate(struct tm *tm, int offset)
{
time_t ti;
struct tm *ret;
time(&ti);
ti += offset;
if (rtc_date_offset == -1) {
if (rtc_utc)
ret = gmtime(&ti);
else
ret = localtime(&ti);
} else {
ti -= rtc_date_offset;
ret = gmtime(&ti);
}
memcpy(tm, ret, sizeof(struct tm));
}
int qemu_timedate_diff(struct tm *tm)
{
time_t seconds;
if (rtc_date_offset == -1)
if (rtc_utc)
seconds = mktimegm(tm);
else
seconds = mktime(tm);
else
seconds = mktimegm(tm) + rtc_date_offset;
return seconds - time(NULL);
}
void rtc_change_mon_event(struct tm *tm)
{
QObject *data;
data = qobject_from_jsonf("{ 'offset': %d }", qemu_timedate_diff(tm));
monitor_protocol_event(QEVENT_RTC_CHANGE, data);
qobject_decref(data);
}
static void configure_rtc_date_offset(const char *startdate, int legacy)
{
time_t rtc_start_date;
struct tm tm;
if (!strcmp(startdate, "now") && legacy) {
rtc_date_offset = -1;
} else {
if (sscanf(startdate, "%d-%d-%dT%d:%d:%d",
&tm.tm_year,
&tm.tm_mon,
&tm.tm_mday,
&tm.tm_hour,
&tm.tm_min,
&tm.tm_sec) == 6) {
/* OK */
} else if (sscanf(startdate, "%d-%d-%d",
&tm.tm_year,
&tm.tm_mon,
&tm.tm_mday) == 3) {
tm.tm_hour = 0;
tm.tm_min = 0;
tm.tm_sec = 0;
} else {
goto date_fail;
}
tm.tm_year -= 1900;
tm.tm_mon--;
rtc_start_date = mktimegm(&tm);
if (rtc_start_date == -1) {
date_fail:
fprintf(stderr, "Invalid date format. Valid formats are:\n"
"'2006-06-17T16:01:21' or '2006-06-17'\n");
exit(1);
}
rtc_date_offset = time(NULL) - rtc_start_date;
}
}
static void configure_rtc(QemuOpts *opts)
{
const char *value;
value = qemu_opt_get(opts, "base");
if (value) {
if (!strcmp(value, "utc")) {
rtc_utc = 1;
} else if (!strcmp(value, "localtime")) {
rtc_utc = 0;
} else {
configure_rtc_date_offset(value, 0);
}
}
value = qemu_opt_get(opts, "clock");
if (value) {
if (!strcmp(value, "host")) {
rtc_clock = host_clock;
} else if (!strcmp(value, "vm")) {
rtc_clock = vm_clock;
} else {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: invalid option value '%s'\n", value);
exit(1);
}
}
value = qemu_opt_get(opts, "driftfix");
if (value) {
if (!strcmp(value, "slew")) {
rtc_td_hack = 1;
} else if (!strcmp(value, "none")) {
rtc_td_hack = 0;
} else {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: invalid option value '%s'\n", value);
exit(1);
}
}
}
/***********************************************************/
/* Bluetooth support */
static int nb_hcis;
static int cur_hci;
static struct HCIInfo *hci_table[MAX_NICS];
static struct bt_vlan_s {
struct bt_scatternet_s net;
int id;
struct bt_vlan_s *next;
} *first_bt_vlan;
/* find or alloc a new bluetooth "VLAN" */
static struct bt_scatternet_s *qemu_find_bt_vlan(int id)
{
struct bt_vlan_s **pvlan, *vlan;
for (vlan = first_bt_vlan; vlan != NULL; vlan = vlan->next) {
if (vlan->id == id)
return &vlan->net;
}
vlan = qemu_mallocz(sizeof(struct bt_vlan_s));
vlan->id = id;
pvlan = &first_bt_vlan;
while (*pvlan != NULL)
pvlan = &(*pvlan)->next;
*pvlan = vlan;
return &vlan->net;
}
static void null_hci_send(struct HCIInfo *hci, const uint8_t *data, int len)
{
}
static int null_hci_addr_set(struct HCIInfo *hci, const uint8_t *bd_addr)
{
return -ENOTSUP;
}
static struct HCIInfo null_hci = {
.cmd_send = null_hci_send,
.sco_send = null_hci_send,
.acl_send = null_hci_send,
.bdaddr_set = null_hci_addr_set,
};
struct HCIInfo *qemu_next_hci(void)
{
if (cur_hci == nb_hcis)
return &null_hci;
return hci_table[cur_hci++];
}
static struct HCIInfo *hci_init(const char *str)
{
char *endp;
struct bt_scatternet_s *vlan = 0;
if (!strcmp(str, "null"))
/* null */
return &null_hci;
else if (!strncmp(str, "host", 4) && (str[4] == '\0' || str[4] == ':'))
/* host[:hciN] */
return bt_host_hci(str[4] ? str + 5 : "hci0");
else if (!strncmp(str, "hci", 3)) {
/* hci[,vlan=n] */
if (str[3]) {
if (!strncmp(str + 3, ",vlan=", 6)) {
vlan = qemu_find_bt_vlan(strtol(str + 9, &endp, 0));
if (*endp)
vlan = 0;
}
} else
vlan = qemu_find_bt_vlan(0);
if (vlan)
return bt_new_hci(vlan);
}
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: Unknown bluetooth HCI `%s'.\n", str);
return 0;
}
static int bt_hci_parse(const char *str)
{
struct HCIInfo *hci;
bdaddr_t bdaddr;
if (nb_hcis >= MAX_NICS) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: Too many bluetooth HCIs (max %i).\n", MAX_NICS);
return -1;
}
hci = hci_init(str);
if (!hci)
return -1;
bdaddr.b[0] = 0x52;
bdaddr.b[1] = 0x54;
bdaddr.b[2] = 0x00;
bdaddr.b[3] = 0x12;
bdaddr.b[4] = 0x34;
bdaddr.b[5] = 0x56 + nb_hcis;
hci->bdaddr_set(hci, bdaddr.b);
hci_table[nb_hcis++] = hci;
return 0;
}
static void bt_vhci_add(int vlan_id)
{
struct bt_scatternet_s *vlan = qemu_find_bt_vlan(vlan_id);
if (!vlan->slave)
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: warning: adding a VHCI to "
"an empty scatternet %i\n", vlan_id);
bt_vhci_init(bt_new_hci(vlan));
}
static struct bt_device_s *bt_device_add(const char *opt)
{
struct bt_scatternet_s *vlan;
int vlan_id = 0;
char *endp = strstr(opt, ",vlan=");
int len = (endp ? endp - opt : strlen(opt)) + 1;
char devname[10];
pstrcpy(devname, MIN(sizeof(devname), len), opt);
if (endp) {
vlan_id = strtol(endp + 6, &endp, 0);
if (*endp) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: unrecognised bluetooth vlan Id\n");
return 0;
}
}
vlan = qemu_find_bt_vlan(vlan_id);
if (!vlan->slave)
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: warning: adding a slave device to "
"an empty scatternet %i\n", vlan_id);
if (!strcmp(devname, "keyboard"))
return bt_keyboard_init(vlan);
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: unsupported bluetooth device `%s'\n", devname);
return 0;
}
static int bt_parse(const char *opt)
{
const char *endp, *p;
int vlan;
if (strstart(opt, "hci", &endp)) {
if (!*endp || *endp == ',') {
if (*endp)
if (!strstart(endp, ",vlan=", 0))
opt = endp + 1;
return bt_hci_parse(opt);
}
} else if (strstart(opt, "vhci", &endp)) {
if (!*endp || *endp == ',') {
if (*endp) {
if (strstart(endp, ",vlan=", &p)) {
vlan = strtol(p, (char **) &endp, 0);
if (*endp) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: bad scatternet '%s'\n", p);
return 1;
}
} else {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: bad parameter '%s'\n", endp + 1);
return 1;
}
} else
vlan = 0;
bt_vhci_add(vlan);
return 0;
}
} else if (strstart(opt, "device:", &endp))
return !bt_device_add(endp);
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: bad bluetooth parameter '%s'\n", opt);
return 1;
}
/***********************************************************/
/* QEMU Block devices */
#define HD_OPTS "media=disk"
#define CDROM_OPTS "media=cdrom"
#define FD_OPTS ""
#define PFLASH_OPTS ""
#define MTD_OPTS ""
#define SD_OPTS ""
static int drive_init_func(QemuOpts *opts, void *opaque)
{
int *use_scsi = opaque;
return drive_init(opts, *use_scsi) == NULL;
}
static int drive_enable_snapshot(QemuOpts *opts, void *opaque)
{
if (NULL == qemu_opt_get(opts, "snapshot")) {
qemu_opt_set(opts, "snapshot", "on");
}
return 0;
}
static void default_drive(int enable, int snapshot, int use_scsi,
BlockInterfaceType type, int index,
const char *optstr)
{
QemuOpts *opts;
if (type == IF_DEFAULT) {
type = use_scsi ? IF_SCSI : IF_IDE;
}
if (!enable || drive_get_by_index(type, index)) {
return;
}
opts = drive_add(type, index, NULL, optstr);
if (snapshot) {
drive_enable_snapshot(opts, NULL);
}
if (!drive_init(opts, use_scsi)) {
exit(1);
}
}
void qemu_register_boot_set(QEMUBootSetHandler *func, void *opaque)
{
boot_set_handler = func;
boot_set_opaque = opaque;
}
int qemu_boot_set(const char *boot_devices)
{
if (!boot_set_handler) {
return -EINVAL;
}
return boot_set_handler(boot_set_opaque, boot_devices);
}
static void validate_bootdevices(char *devices)
{
/* We just do some generic consistency checks */
const char *p;
int bitmap = 0;
for (p = devices; *p != '\0'; p++) {
/* Allowed boot devices are:
* a-b: floppy disk drives
* c-f: IDE disk drives
* g-m: machine implementation dependant drives
* n-p: network devices
* It's up to each machine implementation to check if the given boot
* devices match the actual hardware implementation and firmware
* features.
*/
if (*p < 'a' || *p > 'p') {
fprintf(stderr, "Invalid boot device '%c'\n", *p);
exit(1);
}
if (bitmap & (1 << (*p - 'a'))) {
fprintf(stderr, "Boot device '%c' was given twice\n", *p);
exit(1);
}
bitmap |= 1 << (*p - 'a');
}
}
static void restore_boot_devices(void *opaque)
{
char *standard_boot_devices = opaque;
static int first = 1;
/* Restore boot order and remove ourselves after the first boot */
if (first) {
first = 0;
return;
}
qemu_boot_set(standard_boot_devices);
qemu_unregister_reset(restore_boot_devices, standard_boot_devices);
qemu_free(standard_boot_devices);
}
void add_boot_device_path(int32_t bootindex, DeviceState *dev,
const char *suffix)
{
FWBootEntry *node, *i;
if (bootindex < 0) {
return;
}
assert(dev != NULL || suffix != NULL);
node = qemu_mallocz(sizeof(FWBootEntry));
node->bootindex = bootindex;
node->suffix = suffix ? qemu_strdup(suffix) : NULL;
node->dev = dev;
QTAILQ_FOREACH(i, &fw_boot_order, link) {
if (i->bootindex == bootindex) {
fprintf(stderr, "Two devices with same boot index %d\n", bootindex);
exit(1);
} else if (i->bootindex < bootindex) {
continue;
}
QTAILQ_INSERT_BEFORE(i, node, link);
return;
}
QTAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&fw_boot_order, node, link);
}
/*
* This function returns null terminated string that consist of new line
* separated device paths.
*
* memory pointed by "size" is assigned total length of the array in bytes
*
*/
char *get_boot_devices_list(uint32_t *size)
{
FWBootEntry *i;
uint32_t total = 0;
char *list = NULL;
QTAILQ_FOREACH(i, &fw_boot_order, link) {
char *devpath = NULL, *bootpath;
int len;
if (i->dev) {
devpath = qdev_get_fw_dev_path(i->dev);
assert(devpath);
}
if (i->suffix && devpath) {
size_t bootpathlen = strlen(devpath) + strlen(i->suffix) + 1;
bootpath = qemu_malloc(bootpathlen);
snprintf(bootpath, bootpathlen, "%s%s", devpath, i->suffix);
qemu_free(devpath);
} else if (devpath) {
bootpath = devpath;
} else {
bootpath = qemu_strdup(i->suffix);
assert(bootpath);
}
if (total) {
list[total-1] = '\n';
}
len = strlen(bootpath) + 1;
list = qemu_realloc(list, total + len);
memcpy(&list[total], bootpath, len);
total += len;
qemu_free(bootpath);
}
*size = total;
return list;
}
static void numa_add(const char *optarg)
{
char option[128];
char *endptr;
unsigned long long value, endvalue;
int nodenr;
optarg = get_opt_name(option, 128, optarg, ',') + 1;
if (!strcmp(option, "node")) {
if (get_param_value(option, 128, "nodeid", optarg) == 0) {
nodenr = nb_numa_nodes;
} else {
nodenr = strtoull(option, NULL, 10);
}
if (get_param_value(option, 128, "mem", optarg) == 0) {
node_mem[nodenr] = 0;
} else {
int64_t sval;
sval = strtosz(option, NULL);
if (sval < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: invalid numa mem size: %s\n", optarg);
exit(1);
}
node_mem[nodenr] = sval;
}
if (get_param_value(option, 128, "cpus", optarg) == 0) {
node_cpumask[nodenr] = 0;
} else {
value = strtoull(option, &endptr, 10);
if (value >= 64) {
value = 63;
fprintf(stderr, "only 64 CPUs in NUMA mode supported.\n");
} else {
if (*endptr == '-') {
endvalue = strtoull(endptr+1, &endptr, 10);
if (endvalue >= 63) {
endvalue = 62;
fprintf(stderr,
"only 63 CPUs in NUMA mode supported.\n");
}
value = (2ULL << endvalue) - (1ULL << value);
} else {
value = 1ULL << value;
}
}
node_cpumask[nodenr] = value;
}
nb_numa_nodes++;
}
return;
}
static void smp_parse(const char *optarg)
{
int smp, sockets = 0, threads = 0, cores = 0;
char *endptr;
char option[128];
smp = strtoul(optarg, &endptr, 10);
if (endptr != optarg) {
if (*endptr == ',') {
endptr++;
}
}
if (get_param_value(option, 128, "sockets", endptr) != 0)
sockets = strtoull(option, NULL, 10);
if (get_param_value(option, 128, "cores", endptr) != 0)
cores = strtoull(option, NULL, 10);
if (get_param_value(option, 128, "threads", endptr) != 0)
threads = strtoull(option, NULL, 10);
if (get_param_value(option, 128, "maxcpus", endptr) != 0)
max_cpus = strtoull(option, NULL, 10);
/* compute missing values, prefer sockets over cores over threads */
if (smp == 0 || sockets == 0) {
sockets = sockets > 0 ? sockets : 1;
cores = cores > 0 ? cores : 1;
threads = threads > 0 ? threads : 1;
if (smp == 0) {
smp = cores * threads * sockets;
}
} else {
if (cores == 0) {
threads = threads > 0 ? threads : 1;
cores = smp / (sockets * threads);
} else {
threads = smp / (cores * sockets);
}
}
smp_cpus = smp;
smp_cores = cores > 0 ? cores : 1;
smp_threads = threads > 0 ? threads : 1;
if (max_cpus == 0)
max_cpus = smp_cpus;
}
/***********************************************************/
/* USB devices */
static int usb_device_add(const char *devname)
{
const char *p;
USBDevice *dev = NULL;
if (!usb_enabled)
return -1;
/* drivers with .usbdevice_name entry in USBDeviceInfo */
dev = usbdevice_create(devname);
if (dev)
goto done;
/* the other ones */
#ifndef CONFIG_LINUX
/* only the linux version is qdev-ified, usb-bsd still needs this */
if (strstart(devname, "host:", &p)) {
dev = usb_host_device_open(p);
} else
#endif
if (!strcmp(devname, "bt") || strstart(devname, "bt:", &p)) {
dev = usb_bt_init(devname[2] ? hci_init(p) :
bt_new_hci(qemu_find_bt_vlan(0)));
} else {
return -1;
}
if (!dev)
return -1;
done:
return 0;
}
static int usb_device_del(const char *devname)
{
int bus_num, addr;
const char *p;
if (strstart(devname, "host:", &p))
return usb_host_device_close(p);
if (!usb_enabled)
return -1;
p = strchr(devname, '.');
if (!p)
return -1;
bus_num = strtoul(devname, NULL, 0);
addr = strtoul(p + 1, NULL, 0);
return usb_device_delete_addr(bus_num, addr);
}
static int usb_parse(const char *cmdline)
{
int r;
r = usb_device_add(cmdline);
if (r < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: could not add USB device '%s'\n", cmdline);
}
return r;
}
void do_usb_add(Monitor *mon, const QDict *qdict)
{
const char *devname = qdict_get_str(qdict, "devname");
if (usb_device_add(devname) < 0) {
error_report("could not add USB device '%s'", devname);
}
}
void do_usb_del(Monitor *mon, const QDict *qdict)
{
const char *devname = qdict_get_str(qdict, "devname");
if (usb_device_del(devname) < 0) {
error_report("could not delete USB device '%s'", devname);
}
}
/***********************************************************/
/* PCMCIA/Cardbus */
static struct pcmcia_socket_entry_s {
PCMCIASocket *socket;
struct pcmcia_socket_entry_s *next;
} *pcmcia_sockets = 0;
void pcmcia_socket_register(PCMCIASocket *socket)
{
struct pcmcia_socket_entry_s *entry;
entry = qemu_malloc(sizeof(struct pcmcia_socket_entry_s));
entry->socket = socket;
entry->next = pcmcia_sockets;
pcmcia_sockets = entry;
}
void pcmcia_socket_unregister(PCMCIASocket *socket)
{
struct pcmcia_socket_entry_s *entry, **ptr;
ptr = &pcmcia_sockets;
for (entry = *ptr; entry; ptr = &entry->next, entry = *ptr)
if (entry->socket == socket) {
*ptr = entry->next;
qemu_free(entry);
}
}
void pcmcia_info(Monitor *mon)
{
struct pcmcia_socket_entry_s *iter;
if (!pcmcia_sockets)
monitor_printf(mon, "No PCMCIA sockets\n");
for (iter = pcmcia_sockets; iter; iter = iter->next)
monitor_printf(mon, "%s: %s\n", iter->socket->slot_string,
iter->socket->attached ? iter->socket->card_string :
"Empty");
}
/***********************************************************/
/* machine registration */
static QEMUMachine *first_machine = NULL;
QEMUMachine *current_machine = NULL;
int qemu_register_machine(QEMUMachine *m)
{
QEMUMachine **pm;
pm = &first_machine;
while (*pm != NULL)
pm = &(*pm)->next;
m->next = NULL;
*pm = m;
return 0;
}
static QEMUMachine *find_machine(const char *name)
{
QEMUMachine *m;
for(m = first_machine; m != NULL; m = m->next) {
if (!strcmp(m->name, name))
return m;
if (m->alias && !strcmp(m->alias, name))
return m;
}
return NULL;
}
static QEMUMachine *find_default_machine(void)
{
QEMUMachine *m;
for(m = first_machine; m != NULL; m = m->next) {
if (m->is_default) {
return m;
}
}
return NULL;
}
/***********************************************************/
/* main execution loop */
static void gui_update(void *opaque)
{
uint64_t interval = GUI_REFRESH_INTERVAL;
DisplayState *ds = opaque;
DisplayChangeListener *dcl = ds->listeners;
qemu_flush_coalesced_mmio_buffer();
dpy_refresh(ds);
while (dcl != NULL) {
if (dcl->gui_timer_interval &&
dcl->gui_timer_interval < interval)
interval = dcl->gui_timer_interval;
dcl = dcl->next;
}
qemu_mod_timer(ds->gui_timer, interval + qemu_get_clock_ms(rt_clock));
}
static void nographic_update(void *opaque)
{
uint64_t interval = GUI_REFRESH_INTERVAL;
qemu_flush_coalesced_mmio_buffer();
qemu_mod_timer(nographic_timer, interval + qemu_get_clock_ms(rt_clock));
}
struct vm_change_state_entry {
VMChangeStateHandler *cb;
void *opaque;
QLIST_ENTRY (vm_change_state_entry) entries;
};
static QLIST_HEAD(vm_change_state_head, vm_change_state_entry) vm_change_state_head;
VMChangeStateEntry *qemu_add_vm_change_state_handler(VMChangeStateHandler *cb,
void *opaque)
{
VMChangeStateEntry *e;
e = qemu_mallocz(sizeof (*e));
e->cb = cb;
e->opaque = opaque;
QLIST_INSERT_HEAD(&vm_change_state_head, e, entries);
return e;
}
void qemu_del_vm_change_state_handler(VMChangeStateEntry *e)
{
QLIST_REMOVE (e, entries);
qemu_free (e);
}
void vm_state_notify(int running, int reason)
{
VMChangeStateEntry *e;
trace_vm_state_notify(running, reason);
for (e = vm_change_state_head.lh_first; e; e = e->entries.le_next) {
e->cb(e->opaque, running, reason);
}
}
void vm_start(void)
{
if (!vm_running) {
cpu_enable_ticks();
vm_running = 1;
vm_state_notify(1, 0);
resume_all_vcpus();
monitor_protocol_event(QEVENT_RESUME, NULL);
}
}
/* reset/shutdown handler */
typedef struct QEMUResetEntry {
QTAILQ_ENTRY(QEMUResetEntry) entry;
QEMUResetHandler *func;
void *opaque;
} QEMUResetEntry;
static QTAILQ_HEAD(reset_handlers, QEMUResetEntry) reset_handlers =
QTAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(reset_handlers);
static int reset_requested;
static int shutdown_requested, shutdown_signal = -1;
static pid_t shutdown_pid;
static int powerdown_requested;
static int debug_requested;
static int vmstop_requested;
int qemu_shutdown_requested_get(void)
{
return shutdown_requested;
}
int qemu_reset_requested_get(void)
{
return reset_requested;
}
int qemu_shutdown_requested(void)
{
int r = shutdown_requested;
shutdown_requested = 0;
return r;
}
void qemu_kill_report(void)
{
if (shutdown_signal != -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: terminating on signal %d", shutdown_signal);
if (shutdown_pid == 0) {
/* This happens for eg ^C at the terminal, so it's worth
* avoiding printing an odd message in that case.
*/
fputc('\n', stderr);
} else {
fprintf(stderr, " from pid " FMT_pid "\n", shutdown_pid);
}
shutdown_signal = -1;
}
}
int qemu_reset_requested(void)
{
int r = reset_requested;
reset_requested = 0;
return r;
}
int qemu_powerdown_requested(void)
{
int r = powerdown_requested;
powerdown_requested = 0;
return r;
}
static int qemu_debug_requested(void)
{
int r = debug_requested;
debug_requested = 0;
return r;
}
static int qemu_vmstop_requested(void)
{
int r = vmstop_requested;
vmstop_requested = 0;
return r;
}
void qemu_register_reset(QEMUResetHandler *func, void *opaque)
{
QEMUResetEntry *re = qemu_mallocz(sizeof(QEMUResetEntry));
re->func = func;
re->opaque = opaque;
QTAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&reset_handlers, re, entry);
}
void qemu_unregister_reset(QEMUResetHandler *func, void *opaque)
{
QEMUResetEntry *re;
QTAILQ_FOREACH(re, &reset_handlers, entry) {
if (re->func == func && re->opaque == opaque) {
QTAILQ_REMOVE(&reset_handlers, re, entry);
qemu_free(re);
return;
}
}
}
void qemu_system_reset(bool report)
{
QEMUResetEntry *re, *nre;
/* reset all devices */
QTAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE(re, &reset_handlers, entry, nre) {
re->func(re->opaque);
}
if (report) {
monitor_protocol_event(QEVENT_RESET, NULL);
}
cpu_synchronize_all_post_reset();
}
void qemu_system_reset_request(void)
{
if (no_reboot) {
shutdown_requested = 1;
} else {
reset_requested = 1;
}
cpu_stop_current();
qemu_notify_event();
}
void qemu_system_killed(int signal, pid_t pid)
{
shutdown_signal = signal;
shutdown_pid = pid;
no_shutdown = 0;
qemu_system_shutdown_request();
}
void qemu_system_shutdown_request(void)
{
shutdown_requested = 1;
qemu_notify_event();
}
void qemu_system_powerdown_request(void)
{
powerdown_requested = 1;
qemu_notify_event();
}
void qemu_system_debug_request(void)
{
debug_requested = 1;
qemu_notify_event();
}
void qemu_system_vmstop_request(int reason)
{
vmstop_requested = reason;
qemu_notify_event();
}
void main_loop_wait(int nonblocking)
{
fd_set rfds, wfds, xfds;
int ret, nfds;
struct timeval tv;
int timeout;
if (nonblocking)
timeout = 0;
else {
timeout = qemu_calculate_timeout();
qemu_bh_update_timeout(&timeout);
}
os_host_main_loop_wait(&timeout);
tv.tv_sec = timeout / 1000;
tv.tv_usec = (timeout % 1000) * 1000;
/* poll any events */
/* XXX: separate device handlers from system ones */
nfds = -1;
FD_ZERO(&rfds);
FD_ZERO(&wfds);
FD_ZERO(&xfds);
qemu_iohandler_fill(&nfds, &rfds, &wfds, &xfds);
slirp_select_fill(&nfds, &rfds, &wfds, &xfds);
qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
ret = select(nfds + 1, &rfds, &wfds, &xfds, &tv);
qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
qemu_iohandler_poll(&rfds, &wfds, &xfds, ret);
slirp_select_poll(&rfds, &wfds, &xfds, (ret < 0));
qemu_run_all_timers();
/* Check bottom-halves last in case any of the earlier events triggered
them. */
qemu_bh_poll();
}
#ifndef CONFIG_IOTHREAD
static int vm_request_pending(void)
{
return powerdown_requested ||
reset_requested ||
shutdown_requested ||
debug_requested ||
vmstop_requested;
}
#endif
qemu_irq qemu_system_powerdown;
static void main_loop(void)
{
bool nonblocking = false;
#ifdef CONFIG_PROFILER
int64_t ti;
#endif
int r;
qemu_main_loop_start();
for (;;) {
#ifndef CONFIG_IOTHREAD
nonblocking = cpu_exec_all();
if (vm_request_pending()) {
nonblocking = true;
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PROFILER
ti = profile_getclock();
#endif
main_loop_wait(nonblocking);
#ifdef CONFIG_PROFILER
dev_time += profile_getclock() - ti;
#endif
if (qemu_debug_requested()) {
vm_stop(VMSTOP_DEBUG);
}
if (qemu_shutdown_requested()) {
qemu_kill_report();
monitor_protocol_event(QEVENT_SHUTDOWN, NULL);
if (no_shutdown) {
vm_stop(VMSTOP_SHUTDOWN);
} else
break;
}
if (qemu_reset_requested()) {
pause_all_vcpus();
cpu_synchronize_all_states();
qemu_system_reset(VMRESET_REPORT);
resume_all_vcpus();
}
if (qemu_powerdown_requested()) {
monitor_protocol_event(QEVENT_POWERDOWN, NULL);
qemu_irq_raise(qemu_system_powerdown);
}
if ((r = qemu_vmstop_requested())) {
vm_stop(r);
}
}
bdrv_close_all();
pause_all_vcpus();
}
static void version(void)
{
printf("QEMU emulator version " QEMU_VERSION QEMU_PKGVERSION ", Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard\n");
}
static void help(int exitcode)
{
const char *options_help =
#define DEF(option, opt_arg, opt_enum, opt_help, arch_mask) \
opt_help
#define DEFHEADING(text) stringify(text) "\n"
#include "qemu-options.def"
#undef DEF
#undef DEFHEADING
#undef GEN_DOCS
;
version();
printf("usage: %s [options] [disk_image]\n"
"\n"
"'disk_image' is a raw hard disk image for IDE hard disk 0\n"
"\n"
"%s\n"
"During emulation, the following keys are useful:\n"
"ctrl-alt-f toggle full screen\n"
"ctrl-alt-n switch to virtual console 'n'\n"
"ctrl-alt toggle mouse and keyboard grab\n"
"\n"
"When using -nographic, press 'ctrl-a h' to get some help.\n",
"qemu",
options_help);
exit(exitcode);
}
#define HAS_ARG 0x0001
typedef struct QEMUOption {
const char *name;
int flags;
int index;
uint32_t arch_mask;
} QEMUOption;
static const QEMUOption qemu_options[] = {
{ "h", 0, QEMU_OPTION_h, QEMU_ARCH_ALL },
#define DEF(option, opt_arg, opt_enum, opt_help, arch_mask) \
{ option, opt_arg, opt_enum, arch_mask },
#define DEFHEADING(text)
#include "qemu-options.def"
#undef DEF
#undef DEFHEADING
#undef GEN_DOCS
{ NULL },
};
static void select_vgahw (const char *p)
{
const char *opts;
default_vga = 0;
vga_interface_type = VGA_NONE;
if (strstart(p, "std", &opts)) {
vga_interface_type = VGA_STD;
} else if (strstart(p, "cirrus", &opts)) {
vga_interface_type = VGA_CIRRUS;
} else if (strstart(p, "vmware", &opts)) {
vga_interface_type = VGA_VMWARE;
} else if (strstart(p, "xenfb", &opts)) {
vga_interface_type = VGA_XENFB;
} else if (strstart(p, "qxl", &opts)) {
vga_interface_type = VGA_QXL;
} else if (!strstart(p, "none", &opts)) {
invalid_vga:
fprintf(stderr, "Unknown vga type: %s\n", p);
exit(1);
}
while (*opts) {
const char *nextopt;
if (strstart(opts, ",retrace=", &nextopt)) {
opts = nextopt;
if (strstart(opts, "dumb", &nextopt))
vga_retrace_method = VGA_RETRACE_DUMB;
else if (strstart(opts, "precise", &nextopt))
vga_retrace_method = VGA_RETRACE_PRECISE;
else goto invalid_vga;
} else goto invalid_vga;
opts = nextopt;
}
}
static DisplayType select_display(const char *p)
{
const char *opts;
DisplayType display = DT_DEFAULT;
if (strstart(p, "sdl", &opts)) {
#ifdef CONFIG_SDL
display = DT_SDL;
while (*opts) {
const char *nextopt;
if (strstart(opts, ",frame=", &nextopt)) {
opts = nextopt;
if (strstart(opts, "on", &nextopt)) {
no_frame = 0;
} else if (strstart(opts, "off", &nextopt)) {
no_frame = 1;
} else {
goto invalid_sdl_args;
}
} else if (strstart(opts, ",alt_grab=", &nextopt)) {
opts = nextopt;
if (strstart(opts, "on", &nextopt)) {
alt_grab = 1;
} else if (strstart(opts, "off", &nextopt)) {
alt_grab = 0;
} else {
goto invalid_sdl_args;
}
} else if (strstart(opts, ",ctrl_grab=", &nextopt)) {
opts = nextopt;
if (strstart(opts, "on", &nextopt)) {
ctrl_grab = 1;
} else if (strstart(opts, "off", &nextopt)) {
ctrl_grab = 0;
} else {
goto invalid_sdl_args;
}
} else if (strstart(opts, ",window_close=", &nextopt)) {
opts = nextopt;
if (strstart(opts, "on", &nextopt)) {
no_quit = 0;
} else if (strstart(opts, "off", &nextopt)) {
no_quit = 1;
} else {
goto invalid_sdl_args;
}
} else {
invalid_sdl_args:
fprintf(stderr, "Invalid SDL option string: %s\n", p);
exit(1);
}
opts = nextopt;
}
#else
fprintf(stderr, "SDL support is disabled\n");
exit(1);
#endif
} else if (strstart(p, "vnc", &opts)) {
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC
display_remote++;
if (*opts) {
const char *nextopt;
if (strstart(opts, "=", &nextopt)) {
vnc_display = nextopt;
}
}
if (!vnc_display) {
fprintf(stderr, "VNC requires a display argument vnc=<display>\n");
exit(1);
}
#else
fprintf(stderr, "VNC support is disabled\n");
exit(1);
#endif
} else if (strstart(p, "curses", &opts)) {
#ifdef CONFIG_CURSES
display = DT_CURSES;
#else
fprintf(stderr, "Curses support is disabled\n");
exit(1);
#endif
} else if (strstart(p, "none", &opts)) {
display = DT_NONE;
} else {
fprintf(stderr, "Unknown display type: %s\n", p);
exit(1);
}
return display;
}
static int balloon_parse(const char *arg)
{
QemuOpts *opts;
if (strcmp(arg, "none") == 0) {
return 0;
}
if (!strncmp(arg, "virtio", 6)) {
if (arg[6] == ',') {
/* have params -> parse them */
opts = qemu_opts_parse(qemu_find_opts("device"), arg+7, 0);
if (!opts)
return -1;
} else {
/* create empty opts */
opts = qemu_opts_create(qemu_find_opts("device"), NULL, 0);
}
qemu_opt_set(opts, "driver", "virtio-balloon");
return 0;
}
return -1;
}
char *qemu_find_file(int type, const char *name)
{
int len;
const char *subdir;
char *buf;
/* If name contains path separators then try it as a straight path. */
if ((strchr(name, '/') || strchr(name, '\\'))
&& access(name, R_OK) == 0) {
return qemu_strdup(name);
}
switch (type) {
case QEMU_FILE_TYPE_BIOS:
subdir = "";
break;
case QEMU_FILE_TYPE_KEYMAP:
subdir = "keymaps/";
break;
default:
abort();
}
len = strlen(data_dir) + strlen(name) + strlen(subdir) + 2;
buf = qemu_mallocz(len);
snprintf(buf, len, "%s/%s%s", data_dir, subdir, name);
if (access(buf, R_OK)) {
qemu_free(buf);
return NULL;
}
return buf;
}
static int device_help_func(QemuOpts *opts, void *opaque)
{
return qdev_device_help(opts);
}
static int device_init_func(QemuOpts *opts, void *opaque)
{
DeviceState *dev;
dev = qdev_device_add(opts);
if (!dev)
return -1;
return 0;
}
static int chardev_init_func(QemuOpts *opts, void *opaque)
{
CharDriverState *chr;
chr = qemu_chr_open_opts(opts, NULL);
if (!chr)
return -1;
return 0;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_VIRTFS
static int fsdev_init_func(QemuOpts *opts, void *opaque)
{
int ret;
ret = qemu_fsdev_add(opts);
return ret;
}
#endif
static int mon_init_func(QemuOpts *opts, void *opaque)
{
CharDriverState *chr;
const char *chardev;
const char *mode;
int flags;
mode = qemu_opt_get(opts, "mode");
if (mode == NULL) {
mode = "readline";
}
if (strcmp(mode, "readline") == 0) {
flags = MONITOR_USE_READLINE;
} else if (strcmp(mode, "control") == 0) {
flags = MONITOR_USE_CONTROL;
} else {
fprintf(stderr, "unknown monitor mode \"%s\"\n", mode);
exit(1);
}
if (qemu_opt_get_bool(opts, "pretty", 0))
flags |= MONITOR_USE_PRETTY;
if (qemu_opt_get_bool(opts, "default", 0))
flags |= MONITOR_IS_DEFAULT;
chardev = qemu_opt_get(opts, "chardev");
chr = qemu_chr_find(chardev);
if (chr == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "chardev \"%s\" not found\n", chardev);
exit(1);
}
monitor_init(chr, flags);
return 0;
}
static void monitor_parse(const char *optarg, const char *mode)
{
static int monitor_device_index = 0;
QemuOpts *opts;
const char *p;
char label[32];
int def = 0;
if (strstart(optarg, "chardev:", &p)) {
snprintf(label, sizeof(label), "%s", p);
} else {
snprintf(label, sizeof(label), "compat_monitor%d",
monitor_device_index);
if (monitor_device_index == 0) {
def = 1;
}
opts = qemu_chr_parse_compat(label, optarg);
if (!opts) {
fprintf(stderr, "parse error: %s\n", optarg);
exit(1);
}
}
opts = qemu_opts_create(qemu_find_opts("mon"), label, 1);
if (!opts) {
fprintf(stderr, "duplicate chardev: %s\n", label);
exit(1);
}
qemu_opt_set(opts, "mode", mode);
qemu_opt_set(opts, "chardev", label);
if (def)
qemu_opt_set(opts, "default", "on");
monitor_device_index++;
}
struct device_config {
enum {
DEV_USB, /* -usbdevice */
DEV_BT, /* -bt */
DEV_SERIAL, /* -serial */
DEV_PARALLEL, /* -parallel */
DEV_VIRTCON, /* -virtioconsole */
DEV_DEBUGCON, /* -debugcon */
} type;
const char *cmdline;
QTAILQ_ENTRY(device_config) next;
};
QTAILQ_HEAD(, device_config) device_configs = QTAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(device_configs);
static void add_device_config(int type, const char *cmdline)
{
struct device_config *conf;
conf = qemu_mallocz(sizeof(*conf));
conf->type = type;
conf->cmdline = cmdline;
QTAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&device_configs, conf, next);
}
static int foreach_device_config(int type, int (*func)(const char *cmdline))
{
struct device_config *conf;
int rc;
QTAILQ_FOREACH(conf, &device_configs, next) {
if (conf->type != type)
continue;
rc = func(conf->cmdline);
if (0 != rc)
return rc;
}
return 0;
}
static int serial_parse(const char *devname)
{
static int index = 0;
char label[32];
if (strcmp(devname, "none") == 0)
return 0;
if (index == MAX_SERIAL_PORTS) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: too many serial ports\n");
exit(1);
}
snprintf(label, sizeof(label), "serial%d", index);
serial_hds[index] = qemu_chr_open(label, devname, NULL);
if (!serial_hds[index]) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: could not open serial device '%s': %s\n",
devname, strerror(errno));
return -1;
}
index++;
return 0;
}
static int parallel_parse(const char *devname)
{
static int index = 0;
char label[32];
if (strcmp(devname, "none") == 0)
return 0;
if (index == MAX_PARALLEL_PORTS) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: too many parallel ports\n");
exit(1);
}
snprintf(label, sizeof(label), "parallel%d", index);
parallel_hds[index] = qemu_chr_open(label, devname, NULL);
if (!parallel_hds[index]) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: could not open parallel device '%s': %s\n",
devname, strerror(errno));
return -1;
}
index++;
return 0;
}
static int virtcon_parse(const char *devname)
{
QemuOptsList *device = qemu_find_opts("device");
static int index = 0;
char label[32];
QemuOpts *bus_opts, *dev_opts;
if (strcmp(devname, "none") == 0)
return 0;
if (index == MAX_VIRTIO_CONSOLES) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: too many virtio consoles\n");
exit(1);
}
bus_opts = qemu_opts_create(device, NULL, 0);
qemu_opt_set(bus_opts, "driver", "virtio-serial");
dev_opts = qemu_opts_create(device, NULL, 0);
qemu_opt_set(dev_opts, "driver", "virtconsole");
snprintf(label, sizeof(label), "virtcon%d", index);
virtcon_hds[index] = qemu_chr_open(label, devname, NULL);
if (!virtcon_hds[index]) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: could not open virtio console '%s': %s\n",
devname, strerror(errno));
return -1;
}
qemu_opt_set(dev_opts, "chardev", label);
index++;
return 0;
}
static int debugcon_parse(const char *devname)
{
QemuOpts *opts;
if (!qemu_chr_open("debugcon", devname, NULL)) {
exit(1);
}
opts = qemu_opts_create(qemu_find_opts("device"), "debugcon", 1);
if (!opts) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: already have a debugcon device\n");
exit(1);
}
qemu_opt_set(opts, "driver", "isa-debugcon");
qemu_opt_set(opts, "chardev", "debugcon");
return 0;
}
static QEMUMachine *machine_parse(const char *name)
{
QEMUMachine *m, *machine = NULL;
if (name) {
machine = find_machine(name);
}
if (machine) {
return machine;
}
printf("Supported machines are:\n");
for (m = first_machine; m != NULL; m = m->next) {
if (m->alias) {
printf("%-10s %s (alias of %s)\n", m->alias, m->desc, m->name);
}
printf("%-10s %s%s\n", m->name, m->desc,
m->is_default ? " (default)" : "");
}
exit(!name || *name != '?');
}
static int tcg_init(void)
{
return 0;
}
static struct {
const char *opt_name;
const char *name;
int (*available)(void);
int (*init)(void);
int *allowed;
} accel_list[] = {
{ "tcg", "tcg", tcg_available, tcg_init, &tcg_allowed },
{ "xen", "Xen", xen_available, xen_init, &xen_allowed },
{ "kvm", "KVM", kvm_available, kvm_init, &kvm_allowed },
};
static int configure_accelerator(void)
{
const char *p = NULL;
char buf[10];
int i, ret;
bool accel_initalised = 0;
bool init_failed = 0;
QemuOptsList *list = qemu_find_opts("machine");
if (!QTAILQ_EMPTY(&list->head)) {
p = qemu_opt_get(QTAILQ_FIRST(&list->head), "accel");
}
if (p == NULL) {
/* Use the default "accelerator", tcg */
p = "tcg";
}
while (!accel_initalised && *p != '\0') {
if (*p == ':') {
p++;
}
p = get_opt_name(buf, sizeof (buf), p, ':');
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(accel_list); i++) {
if (strcmp(accel_list[i].opt_name, buf) == 0) {
*(accel_list[i].allowed) = 1;
ret = accel_list[i].init();
if (ret < 0) {
init_failed = 1;
if (!accel_list[i].available()) {
printf("%s not supported for this target\n",
accel_list[i].name);
} else {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to initialize %s: %s\n",
accel_list[i].name,
strerror(-ret));
}
*(accel_list[i].allowed) = 0;
} else {
accel_initalised = 1;
}
break;
}
}
if (i == ARRAY_SIZE(accel_list)) {
fprintf(stderr, "\"%s\" accelerator does not exist.\n", buf);
}
}
if (!accel_initalised) {
fprintf(stderr, "No accelerator found!\n");
exit(1);
}
if (init_failed) {
fprintf(stderr, "Back to %s accelerator.\n", accel_list[i].name);
}
return !accel_initalised;
}
void qemu_add_exit_notifier(Notifier *notify)
{
notifier_list_add(&exit_notifiers, notify);
}
void qemu_remove_exit_notifier(Notifier *notify)
{
notifier_list_remove(&exit_notifiers, notify);
}
static void qemu_run_exit_notifiers(void)
{
notifier_list_notify(&exit_notifiers, NULL);
}
void qemu_add_machine_init_done_notifier(Notifier *notify)
{
notifier_list_add(&machine_init_done_notifiers, notify);
}
static void qemu_run_machine_init_done_notifiers(void)
{
notifier_list_notify(&machine_init_done_notifiers, NULL);
}
static const QEMUOption *lookup_opt(int argc, char **argv,
const char **poptarg, int *poptind)
{
const QEMUOption *popt;
int optind = *poptind;
char *r = argv[optind];
const char *optarg;
loc_set_cmdline(argv, optind, 1);
optind++;
/* Treat --foo the same as -foo. */
if (r[1] == '-')
r++;
popt = qemu_options;
for(;;) {
if (!popt->name) {
error_report("invalid option");
exit(1);
}
if (!strcmp(popt->name, r + 1))
break;
popt++;
}
if (popt->flags & HAS_ARG) {
if (optind >= argc) {
error_report("requires an argument");
exit(1);
}
optarg = argv[optind++];
loc_set_cmdline(argv, optind - 2, 2);
} else {
optarg = NULL;
}
*poptarg = optarg;
*poptind = optind;
return popt;
}
int main(int argc, char **argv, char **envp)
{
const char *gdbstub_dev = NULL;
int i;
int snapshot, linux_boot;
const char *icount_option = NULL;
const char *initrd_filename;
const char *kernel_filename, *kernel_cmdline;
char boot_devices[33] = "cad"; /* default to HD->floppy->CD-ROM */
DisplayState *ds;
DisplayChangeListener *dcl;
int cyls, heads, secs, translation;
QemuOpts *hda_opts = NULL, *opts;
QemuOptsList *olist;
int optind;
const char *optarg;
const char *loadvm = NULL;
QEMUMachine *machine;
const char *cpu_model;
int tb_size;
const char *pid_file = NULL;
const char *incoming = NULL;
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC
int show_vnc_port = 0;
#endif
int defconfig = 1;
const char *trace_file = NULL;
const char *log_mask = NULL;
const char *log_file = NULL;
atexit(qemu_run_exit_notifiers);
error_set_progname(argv[0]);
init_clocks();
qemu_cache_utils_init(envp);
QLIST_INIT (&vm_change_state_head);
os_setup_early_signal_handling();
module_call_init(MODULE_INIT_MACHINE);
machine = find_default_machine();
cpu_model = NULL;
initrd_filename = NULL;
ram_size = 0;
snapshot = 0;
kernel_filename = NULL;
kernel_cmdline = "";
cyls = heads = secs = 0;
translation = BIOS_ATA_TRANSLATION_AUTO;
for (i = 0; i < MAX_NODES; i++) {
node_mem[i] = 0;
node_cpumask[i] = 0;
}
nb_numa_nodes = 0;
nb_nics = 0;
tb_size = 0;
autostart= 1;
/* first pass of option parsing */
optind = 1;
while (optind < argc) {
if (argv[optind][0] != '-') {
/* disk image */
optind++;
continue;
} else {
const QEMUOption *popt;
popt = lookup_opt(argc, argv, &optarg, &optind);
switch (popt->index) {
case QEMU_OPTION_nodefconfig:
defconfig=0;
break;
}
}
}
if (defconfig) {
int ret;
ret = qemu_read_config_file(CONFIG_QEMU_CONFDIR "/qemu.conf");
if (ret < 0 && ret != -ENOENT) {
exit(1);
}
ret = qemu_read_config_file(arch_config_name);
if (ret < 0 && ret != -ENOENT) {
exit(1);
}
}
cpudef_init();
/* second pass of option parsing */
optind = 1;
for(;;) {
if (optind >= argc)
break;
if (argv[optind][0] != '-') {
hda_opts = drive_add(IF_DEFAULT, 0, argv[optind++], HD_OPTS);
} else {
const QEMUOption *popt;
popt = lookup_opt(argc, argv, &optarg, &optind);
if (!(popt->arch_mask & arch_type)) {
printf("Option %s not supported for this target\n", popt->name);
exit(1);
}
switch(popt->index) {
case QEMU_OPTION_M:
machine = machine_parse(optarg);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_cpu:
/* hw initialization will check this */
if (*optarg == '?') {
list_cpus(stdout, &fprintf, optarg);
exit(0);
} else {
cpu_model = optarg;
}
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_initrd:
initrd_filename = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_hda:
{
char buf[256];
if (cyls == 0)
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s", HD_OPTS);
else
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
"%s,cyls=%d,heads=%d,secs=%d%s",
HD_OPTS , cyls, heads, secs,
translation == BIOS_ATA_TRANSLATION_LBA ?
",trans=lba" :
translation == BIOS_ATA_TRANSLATION_NONE ?
",trans=none" : "");
drive_add(IF_DEFAULT, 0, optarg, buf);
break;
}
case QEMU_OPTION_hdb:
case QEMU_OPTION_hdc:
case QEMU_OPTION_hdd:
drive_add(IF_DEFAULT, popt->index - QEMU_OPTION_hda, optarg,
HD_OPTS);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_drive:
if (drive_def(optarg) == NULL) {
exit(1);
}
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_set:
if (qemu_set_option(optarg) != 0)
exit(1);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_global:
if (qemu_global_option(optarg) != 0)
exit(1);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_mtdblock:
drive_add(IF_MTD, -1, optarg, MTD_OPTS);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_sd:
drive_add(IF_SD, 0, optarg, SD_OPTS);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_pflash:
drive_add(IF_PFLASH, -1, optarg, PFLASH_OPTS);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_snapshot:
snapshot = 1;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_hdachs:
{
const char *p;
p = optarg;
cyls = strtol(p, (char **)&p, 0);
if (cyls < 1 || cyls > 16383)
goto chs_fail;
if (*p != ',')
goto chs_fail;
p++;
heads = strtol(p, (char **)&p, 0);
if (heads < 1 || heads > 16)
goto chs_fail;
if (*p != ',')
goto chs_fail;
p++;
secs = strtol(p, (char **)&p, 0);
if (secs < 1 || secs > 63)
goto chs_fail;
if (*p == ',') {
p++;
if (!strcmp(p, "none"))
translation = BIOS_ATA_TRANSLATION_NONE;
else if (!strcmp(p, "lba"))
translation = BIOS_ATA_TRANSLATION_LBA;
else if (!strcmp(p, "auto"))
translation = BIOS_ATA_TRANSLATION_AUTO;
else
goto chs_fail;
} else if (*p != '\0') {
chs_fail:
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: invalid physical CHS format\n");
exit(1);
}
if (hda_opts != NULL) {
char num[16];
snprintf(num, sizeof(num), "%d", cyls);
qemu_opt_set(hda_opts, "cyls", num);
snprintf(num, sizeof(num), "%d", heads);
qemu_opt_set(hda_opts, "heads", num);
snprintf(num, sizeof(num), "%d", secs);
qemu_opt_set(hda_opts, "secs", num);
if (translation == BIOS_ATA_TRANSLATION_LBA)
qemu_opt_set(hda_opts, "trans", "lba");
if (translation == BIOS_ATA_TRANSLATION_NONE)
qemu_opt_set(hda_opts, "trans", "none");
}
}
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_numa:
if (nb_numa_nodes >= MAX_NODES) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: too many NUMA nodes\n");
exit(1);
}
numa_add(optarg);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_display:
display_type = select_display(optarg);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_nographic:
display_type = DT_NOGRAPHIC;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_curses:
#ifdef CONFIG_CURSES
display_type = DT_CURSES;
#else
fprintf(stderr, "Curses support is disabled\n");
exit(1);
#endif
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_portrait:
graphic_rotate = 90;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_rotate:
graphic_rotate = strtol(optarg, (char **) &optarg, 10);
if (graphic_rotate != 0 && graphic_rotate != 90 &&
graphic_rotate != 180 && graphic_rotate != 270) {
fprintf(stderr,
"qemu: only 90, 180, 270 deg rotation is available\n");
exit(1);
}
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_kernel:
kernel_filename = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_append:
kernel_cmdline = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_cdrom:
drive_add(IF_DEFAULT, 2, optarg, CDROM_OPTS);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_boot:
{
static const char * const params[] = {
"order", "once", "menu", NULL
};
char buf[sizeof(boot_devices)];
char *standard_boot_devices;
int legacy = 0;
if (!strchr(optarg, '=')) {
legacy = 1;
pstrcpy(buf, sizeof(buf), optarg);
} else if (check_params(buf, sizeof(buf), params, optarg) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr,
"qemu: unknown boot parameter '%s' in '%s'\n",
buf, optarg);
exit(1);
}
if (legacy ||
get_param_value(buf, sizeof(buf), "order", optarg)) {
validate_bootdevices(buf);
pstrcpy(boot_devices, sizeof(boot_devices), buf);
}
if (!legacy) {
if (get_param_value(buf, sizeof(buf),
"once", optarg)) {
validate_bootdevices(buf);
standard_boot_devices = qemu_strdup(boot_devices);
pstrcpy(boot_devices, sizeof(boot_devices), buf);
qemu_register_reset(restore_boot_devices,
standard_boot_devices);
}
if (get_param_value(buf, sizeof(buf),
"menu", optarg)) {
if (!strcmp(buf, "on")) {
boot_menu = 1;
} else if (!strcmp(buf, "off")) {
boot_menu = 0;
} else {
fprintf(stderr,
"qemu: invalid option value '%s'\n",
buf);
exit(1);
}
}
}
}
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_fda:
case QEMU_OPTION_fdb:
drive_add(IF_FLOPPY, popt->index - QEMU_OPTION_fda,
optarg, FD_OPTS);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_no_fd_bootchk:
fd_bootchk = 0;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_netdev:
if (net_client_parse(qemu_find_opts("netdev"), optarg) == -1) {
exit(1);
}
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_net:
if (net_client_parse(qemu_find_opts("net"), optarg) == -1) {
exit(1);
}
break;
#ifdef CONFIG_SLIRP
case QEMU_OPTION_tftp:
legacy_tftp_prefix = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_bootp:
legacy_bootp_filename = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_redir:
if (net_slirp_redir(optarg) < 0)
exit(1);
break;
#endif
case QEMU_OPTION_bt:
add_device_config(DEV_BT, optarg);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_audio_help:
if (!(audio_available())) {
printf("Option %s not supported for this target\n", popt->name);
exit(1);
}
AUD_help ();
exit (0);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_soundhw:
if (!(audio_available())) {
printf("Option %s not supported for this target\n", popt->name);
exit(1);
}
select_soundhw (optarg);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_h:
help(0);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_version:
version();
exit(0);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_m: {
int64_t value;
value = strtosz(optarg, NULL);
if (value < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: invalid ram size: %s\n", optarg);
exit(1);
}
/* On 32-bit hosts, QEMU is limited by virtual address space */
if (value > (2047 << 20) && HOST_LONG_BITS == 32) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: at most 2047 MB RAM can be simulated\n");
exit(1);
}
if (value != (uint64_t)(ram_addr_t)value) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: ram size too large\n");
exit(1);
}
ram_size = value;
break;
}
case QEMU_OPTION_mempath:
mem_path = optarg;
break;
#ifdef MAP_POPULATE
case QEMU_OPTION_mem_prealloc:
mem_prealloc = 1;
break;
#endif
case QEMU_OPTION_d:
log_mask = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_D:
log_file = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_s:
gdbstub_dev = "tcp::" DEFAULT_GDBSTUB_PORT;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_gdb:
gdbstub_dev = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_L:
data_dir = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_bios:
bios_name = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_singlestep:
singlestep = 1;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_S:
autostart = 0;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_k:
keyboard_layout = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_localtime:
rtc_utc = 0;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_vga:
select_vgahw (optarg);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_g:
{
const char *p;
int w, h, depth;
p = optarg;
w = strtol(p, (char **)&p, 10);
if (w <= 0) {
graphic_error:
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: invalid resolution or depth\n");
exit(1);
}
if (*p != 'x')
goto graphic_error;
p++;
h = strtol(p, (char **)&p, 10);
if (h <= 0)
goto graphic_error;
if (*p == 'x') {
p++;
depth = strtol(p, (char **)&p, 10);
if (depth != 8 && depth != 15 && depth != 16 &&
depth != 24 && depth != 32)
goto graphic_error;
} else if (*p == '\0') {
depth = graphic_depth;
} else {
goto graphic_error;
}
graphic_width = w;
graphic_height = h;
graphic_depth = depth;
}
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_echr:
{
char *r;
term_escape_char = strtol(optarg, &r, 0);
if (r == optarg)
printf("Bad argument to echr\n");
break;
}
case QEMU_OPTION_monitor:
monitor_parse(optarg, "readline");
default_monitor = 0;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_qmp:
monitor_parse(optarg, "control");
default_monitor = 0;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_mon:
opts = qemu_opts_parse(qemu_find_opts("mon"), optarg, 1);
if (!opts) {
exit(1);
}
default_monitor = 0;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_chardev:
opts = qemu_opts_parse(qemu_find_opts("chardev"), optarg, 1);
if (!opts) {
exit(1);
}
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_fsdev:
olist = qemu_find_opts("fsdev");
if (!olist) {
fprintf(stderr, "fsdev is not supported by this qemu build.\n");
exit(1);
}
opts = qemu_opts_parse(olist, optarg, 1);
if (!opts) {
fprintf(stderr, "parse error: %s\n", optarg);
exit(1);
}
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_virtfs: {
QemuOpts *fsdev;
QemuOpts *device;
olist = qemu_find_opts("virtfs");
if (!olist) {
fprintf(stderr, "virtfs is not supported by this qemu build.\n");
exit(1);
}
opts = qemu_opts_parse(olist, optarg, 1);
if (!opts) {
fprintf(stderr, "parse error: %s\n", optarg);
exit(1);
}
if (qemu_opt_get(opts, "fstype") == NULL ||
qemu_opt_get(opts, "mount_tag") == NULL ||
qemu_opt_get(opts, "path") == NULL ||
qemu_opt_get(opts, "security_model") == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: -virtfs fstype,path=/share_path/,"
"security_model=[mapped|passthrough|none],"
"mount_tag=tag.\n");
exit(1);
}
fsdev = qemu_opts_create(qemu_find_opts("fsdev"),
qemu_opt_get(opts, "mount_tag"), 1);
if (!fsdev) {
fprintf(stderr, "duplicate fsdev id: %s\n",
qemu_opt_get(opts, "mount_tag"));
exit(1);
}
qemu_opt_set(fsdev, "fstype", qemu_opt_get(opts, "fstype"));
qemu_opt_set(fsdev, "path", qemu_opt_get(opts, "path"));
qemu_opt_set(fsdev, "security_model",
qemu_opt_get(opts, "security_model"));
device = qemu_opts_create(qemu_find_opts("device"), NULL, 0);
qemu_opt_set(device, "driver", "virtio-9p-pci");
qemu_opt_set(device, "fsdev",
qemu_opt_get(opts, "mount_tag"));
qemu_opt_set(device, "mount_tag",
qemu_opt_get(opts, "mount_tag"));
break;
}
case QEMU_OPTION_serial:
add_device_config(DEV_SERIAL, optarg);
default_serial = 0;
if (strncmp(optarg, "mon:", 4) == 0) {
default_monitor = 0;
}
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_watchdog:
if (watchdog) {
fprintf(stderr,
"qemu: only one watchdog option may be given\n");
return 1;
}
watchdog = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_watchdog_action:
if (select_watchdog_action(optarg) == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "Unknown -watchdog-action parameter\n");
exit(1);
}
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_virtiocon:
add_device_config(DEV_VIRTCON, optarg);
default_virtcon = 0;
if (strncmp(optarg, "mon:", 4) == 0) {
default_monitor = 0;
}
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_parallel:
add_device_config(DEV_PARALLEL, optarg);
default_parallel = 0;
if (strncmp(optarg, "mon:", 4) == 0) {
default_monitor = 0;
}
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_debugcon:
add_device_config(DEV_DEBUGCON, optarg);
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_loadvm:
loadvm = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_full_screen:
full_screen = 1;
break;
#ifdef CONFIG_SDL
case QEMU_OPTION_no_frame:
no_frame = 1;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_alt_grab:
alt_grab = 1;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_ctrl_grab:
ctrl_grab = 1;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_no_quit:
no_quit = 1;
break;
case QEMU_OPTION_sdl:
display_type = DT_SDL;
break;
#else
case QEMU_OPTION_no_frame:
case QEMU_OPTION_alt_grab:
case QEMU_OPTION_ctrl_grab:
case QEMU_OPTION_no_quit: