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// Copyright 2018 The Abseil Authors.
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
#include "absl/debugging/internal/examine_stack.h"
#ifndef _WIN32
#include <unistd.h>
#include <csignal>
#include <cstdio>
#include "absl/base/attributes.h"
#include "absl/base/internal/raw_logging.h"
#include "absl/base/macros.h"
#include "absl/debugging/stacktrace.h"
#include "absl/debugging/symbolize.h"
namespace absl {
namespace debugging_internal {
// Returns the program counter from signal context, nullptr if
// unknown. vuc is a ucontext_t*. We use void* to avoid the use of
// ucontext_t on non-POSIX systems.
void* GetProgramCounter(void* vuc) {
#ifdef __linux__
if (vuc != nullptr) {
ucontext_t* context = reinterpret_cast<ucontext_t*>(vuc);
#if defined(__aarch64__)
return reinterpret_cast<void*>(context->uc_mcontext.pc);
#elif defined(__arm__)
return reinterpret_cast<void*>(context->uc_mcontext.arm_pc);
#elif defined(__i386__)
if (14 < ABSL_ARRAYSIZE(context->uc_mcontext.gregs))
return reinterpret_cast<void*>(context->uc_mcontext.gregs[14]);
#elif defined(__mips__)
return reinterpret_cast<void*>(context->uc_mcontext.pc);
#elif defined(__powerpc64__)
return reinterpret_cast<void*>(context->uc_mcontext.gp_regs[32]);
#elif defined(__powerpc__)
return reinterpret_cast<void*>(context->uc_mcontext.regs->nip);
#elif defined(__s390__) && !defined(__s390x__)
return reinterpret_cast<void*>(context->uc_mcontext.psw.addr & 0x7fffffff);
#elif defined(__s390__) && defined(__s390x__)
return reinterpret_cast<void*>(context->uc_mcontext.psw.addr);
#elif defined(__x86_64__)
if (16 < ABSL_ARRAYSIZE(context->uc_mcontext.gregs))
return reinterpret_cast<void*>(context->uc_mcontext.gregs[16]);
#error "Undefined Architecture."
#elif defined(__akaros__)
auto* ctx = reinterpret_cast<struct user_context*>(vuc);
return reinterpret_cast<void*>(get_user_ctx_pc(ctx));
return nullptr;
// The %p field width for printf() functions is two characters per byte,
// and two extra for the leading "0x".
static constexpr int kPrintfPointerFieldWidth = 2 + 2 * sizeof(void*);
// Print a program counter, its stack frame size, and its symbol name.
// Note that there is a separate symbolize_pc argument. Return addresses may be
// at the end of the function, and this allows the caller to back up from pc if
// appropriate.
static void DumpPCAndFrameSizeAndSymbol(void (*writerfn)(const char*, void*),
void* writerfn_arg, void* pc,
void* symbolize_pc, int framesize,
const char* const prefix) {
char tmp[1024];
const char* symbol = "(unknown)";
if (absl::Symbolize(symbolize_pc, tmp, sizeof(tmp))) {
symbol = tmp;
char buf[1024];
if (framesize <= 0) {
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s@ %*p (unknown) %s\n", prefix,
kPrintfPointerFieldWidth, pc, symbol);
} else {
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s@ %*p %9d %s\n", prefix,
kPrintfPointerFieldWidth, pc, framesize, symbol);
writerfn(buf, writerfn_arg);
// Print a program counter and the corresponding stack frame size.
static void DumpPCAndFrameSize(void (*writerfn)(const char*, void*),
void* writerfn_arg, void* pc, int framesize,
const char* const prefix) {
char buf[100];
if (framesize <= 0) {
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s@ %*p (unknown)\n", prefix,
kPrintfPointerFieldWidth, pc);
} else {
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s@ %*p %9d\n", prefix,
kPrintfPointerFieldWidth, pc, framesize);
writerfn(buf, writerfn_arg);
void DumpPCAndFrameSizesAndStackTrace(
void* pc, void* const stack[], int frame_sizes[], int depth,
int min_dropped_frames, bool symbolize_stacktrace,
void (*writerfn)(const char*, void*), void* writerfn_arg) {
if (pc != nullptr) {
// We don't know the stack frame size for PC, use 0.
if (symbolize_stacktrace) {
DumpPCAndFrameSizeAndSymbol(writerfn, writerfn_arg, pc, pc, 0, "PC: ");
} else {
DumpPCAndFrameSize(writerfn, writerfn_arg, pc, 0, "PC: ");
for (int i = 0; i < depth; i++) {
if (symbolize_stacktrace) {
// Pass the previous address of pc as the symbol address because pc is a
// return address, and an overrun may occur when the function ends with a
// call to a function annotated noreturn (e.g. CHECK). Note that we don't
// do this for pc above, as the adjustment is only correct for return
// addresses.
DumpPCAndFrameSizeAndSymbol(writerfn, writerfn_arg, stack[i],
reinterpret_cast<char*>(stack[i]) - 1,
frame_sizes[i], " ");
} else {
DumpPCAndFrameSize(writerfn, writerfn_arg, stack[i], frame_sizes[i],
" ");
if (min_dropped_frames > 0) {
char buf[100];
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), " @ ... and at least %d more frames\n",
writerfn(buf, writerfn_arg);
} // namespace debugging_internal
} // namespace absl