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// Copyright 2015 The Crashpad Authors. All rights reserved.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
#include "snapshot/win/process_snapshot_win.h"
#include <stddef.h>
#include <wchar.h>
#include <algorithm>
#include <utility>
#include "base/logging.h"
#include "base/numerics/safe_conversions.h"
#include "base/strings/utf_string_conversions.h"
#include "util/misc/from_pointer_cast.h"
#include "util/misc/time.h"
#include "util/win/nt_internals.h"
#include "util/win/registration_protocol_win.h"
namespace crashpad {
ProcessSnapshotWin::ProcessSnapshotWin()
: ProcessSnapshot(),
system_(),
threads_(),
modules_(),
exception_(),
memory_map_(),
process_reader_(),
report_id_(),
client_id_(),
annotations_simple_map_(),
snapshot_time_(),
options_(),
initialized_() {
}
ProcessSnapshotWin::~ProcessSnapshotWin() {
}
bool ProcessSnapshotWin::Initialize(
HANDLE process,
ProcessSuspensionState suspension_state,
WinVMAddress exception_information_address,
WinVMAddress debug_critical_section_address) {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_SET_INITIALIZING(initialized_);
GetTimeOfDay(&snapshot_time_);
if (!process_reader_.Initialize(process, suspension_state))
return false;
if (exception_information_address != 0) {
ExceptionInformation exception_information = {};
if (!process_reader_.Memory()->Read(exception_information_address,
sizeof(exception_information),
&exception_information)) {
LOG(WARNING) << "ReadMemory ExceptionInformation failed";
return false;
}
exception_.reset(new internal::ExceptionSnapshotWin());
if (!exception_->Initialize(&process_reader_,
exception_information.thread_id,
exception_information.exception_pointers)) {
exception_.reset();
return false;
}
}
system_.Initialize(&process_reader_);
if (process_reader_.Is64Bit()) {
InitializePebData<process_types::internal::Traits64>(
debug_critical_section_address);
} else {
InitializePebData<process_types::internal::Traits32>(
debug_critical_section_address);
}
InitializeModules();
InitializeUnloadedModules();
GetCrashpadOptionsInternal(&options_);
InitializeThreads(
options_.gather_indirectly_referenced_memory == TriState::kEnabled,
options_.indirectly_referenced_memory_cap);
for (const MEMORY_BASIC_INFORMATION64& mbi :
process_reader_.GetProcessInfo().MemoryInfo()) {
memory_map_.push_back(
std::make_unique<internal::MemoryMapRegionSnapshotWin>(mbi));
}
for (const auto& module : modules_) {
for (const auto& range : module->ExtraMemoryRanges()) {
AddMemorySnapshot(range.base(), range.size(), &extra_memory_);
}
}
INITIALIZATION_STATE_SET_VALID(initialized_);
return true;
}
void ProcessSnapshotWin::GetCrashpadOptions(
CrashpadInfoClientOptions* options) {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_DCHECK_VALID(initialized_);
*options = options_;
}
pid_t ProcessSnapshotWin::ProcessID() const {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_DCHECK_VALID(initialized_);
return process_reader_.GetProcessInfo().ProcessID();
}
pid_t ProcessSnapshotWin::ParentProcessID() const {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_DCHECK_VALID(initialized_);
return process_reader_.GetProcessInfo().ParentProcessID();
}
void ProcessSnapshotWin::SnapshotTime(timeval* snapshot_time) const {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_DCHECK_VALID(initialized_);
*snapshot_time = snapshot_time_;
}
void ProcessSnapshotWin::ProcessStartTime(timeval* start_time) const {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_DCHECK_VALID(initialized_);
process_reader_.StartTime(start_time);
}
void ProcessSnapshotWin::ProcessCPUTimes(timeval* user_time,
timeval* system_time) const {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_DCHECK_VALID(initialized_);
process_reader_.CPUTimes(user_time, system_time);
}
void ProcessSnapshotWin::ReportID(UUID* report_id) const {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_DCHECK_VALID(initialized_);
*report_id = report_id_;
}
void ProcessSnapshotWin::ClientID(UUID* client_id) const {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_DCHECK_VALID(initialized_);
*client_id = client_id_;
}
const std::map<std::string, std::string>&
ProcessSnapshotWin::AnnotationsSimpleMap() const {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_DCHECK_VALID(initialized_);
return annotations_simple_map_;
}
const SystemSnapshot* ProcessSnapshotWin::System() const {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_DCHECK_VALID(initialized_);
return &system_;
}
std::vector<const ThreadSnapshot*> ProcessSnapshotWin::Threads() const {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_DCHECK_VALID(initialized_);
std::vector<const ThreadSnapshot*> threads;
for (const auto& thread : threads_) {
threads.push_back(thread.get());
}
return threads;
}
std::vector<const ModuleSnapshot*> ProcessSnapshotWin::Modules() const {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_DCHECK_VALID(initialized_);
std::vector<const ModuleSnapshot*> modules;
for (const auto& module : modules_) {
modules.push_back(module.get());
}
return modules;
}
std::vector<UnloadedModuleSnapshot> ProcessSnapshotWin::UnloadedModules()
const {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_DCHECK_VALID(initialized_);
return unloaded_modules_;
}
const ExceptionSnapshot* ProcessSnapshotWin::Exception() const {
return exception_.get();
}
std::vector<const MemoryMapRegionSnapshot*> ProcessSnapshotWin::MemoryMap()
const {
std::vector<const MemoryMapRegionSnapshot*> memory_map;
for (const auto& item : memory_map_) {
memory_map.push_back(item.get());
}
return memory_map;
}
std::vector<HandleSnapshot> ProcessSnapshotWin::Handles() const {
std::vector<HandleSnapshot> result;
for (const auto& handle : process_reader_.GetProcessInfo().Handles()) {
HandleSnapshot snapshot;
// This is probably not strictly correct, but these are not localized so we
// expect them all to be in ASCII range anyway. This will need to be more
// carefully done if the object name is added.
snapshot.type_name = base::UTF16ToUTF8(handle.type_name);
snapshot.handle = handle.handle;
snapshot.attributes = handle.attributes;
snapshot.granted_access = handle.granted_access;
snapshot.pointer_count = handle.pointer_count;
snapshot.handle_count = handle.handle_count;
result.push_back(snapshot);
}
return result;
}
std::vector<const MemorySnapshot*> ProcessSnapshotWin::ExtraMemory() const {
INITIALIZATION_STATE_DCHECK_VALID(initialized_);
std::vector<const MemorySnapshot*> extra_memory;
for (const auto& em : extra_memory_) {
extra_memory.push_back(em.get());
}
return extra_memory;
}
void ProcessSnapshotWin::InitializeThreads(
bool gather_indirectly_referenced_memory,
uint32_t indirectly_referenced_memory_cap) {
const std::vector<ProcessReaderWin::Thread>& process_reader_threads =
process_reader_.Threads();
uint32_t* budget_remaining_pointer = nullptr;
uint32_t budget_remaining = indirectly_referenced_memory_cap;
if (gather_indirectly_referenced_memory)
budget_remaining_pointer = &budget_remaining;
for (const ProcessReaderWin::Thread& process_reader_thread :
process_reader_threads) {
auto thread = std::make_unique<internal::ThreadSnapshotWin>();
if (thread->Initialize(&process_reader_,
process_reader_thread,
budget_remaining_pointer)) {
threads_.push_back(std::move(thread));
}
}
}
void ProcessSnapshotWin::InitializeModules() {
const std::vector<ProcessInfo::Module>& process_reader_modules =
process_reader_.Modules();
for (const ProcessInfo::Module& process_reader_module :
process_reader_modules) {
auto module = std::make_unique<internal::ModuleSnapshotWin>();
if (module->Initialize(&process_reader_, process_reader_module)) {
modules_.push_back(std::move(module));
}
}
}
void ProcessSnapshotWin::InitializeUnloadedModules() {
// As documented by https://msdn.microsoft.com/library/cc678403.aspx, we can
// retrieve the location for our unload events, and use that address in the
// target process. Unfortunately, this of course only works for 64-reading-64
// and 32-reading-32, so at the moment, we simply do not retrieve unloaded
// modules for 64-reading-32. See https://crashpad.chromium.org/bug/89.
#if defined(ARCH_CPU_X86_64)
if (!process_reader_.Is64Bit()) {
LOG(ERROR)
<< "reading unloaded modules across bitness not currently supported";
return;
}
using Traits = process_types::internal::Traits64;
#elif defined(ARCH_CPU_X86)
using Traits = process_types::internal::Traits32;
#else
#error port
#endif
ULONG* element_size;
ULONG* element_count;
void* event_trace_address;
RtlGetUnloadEventTraceEx(&element_size, &element_count, &event_trace_address);
if (*element_size < sizeof(RTL_UNLOAD_EVENT_TRACE<Traits>)) {
LOG(ERROR) << "unexpected unloaded module list element size";
return;
}
const WinVMAddress address_in_target_process =
FromPointerCast<WinVMAddress>(event_trace_address);
Traits::Pointer pointer_to_array;
if (!process_reader_.Memory()->Read(address_in_target_process,
sizeof(pointer_to_array),
&pointer_to_array)) {
LOG(ERROR) << "failed to read target address";
return;
}
// No unloaded modules.
if (pointer_to_array == 0)
return;
const size_t data_size = *element_size * *element_count;
std::vector<uint8_t> data(data_size);
if (!process_reader_.Memory()->Read(pointer_to_array, data_size, &data[0])) {
LOG(ERROR) << "failed to read unloaded module data";
return;
}
for (ULONG i = 0; i < *element_count; ++i) {
const uint8_t* base_address = &data[i * *element_size];
const auto& uet =
*reinterpret_cast<const RTL_UNLOAD_EVENT_TRACE<Traits>*>(base_address);
if (uet.ImageName[0] != 0) {
unloaded_modules_.push_back(UnloadedModuleSnapshot(
uet.BaseAddress,
uet.SizeOfImage,
uet.CheckSum,
uet.TimeDateStamp,
base::UTF16ToUTF8(base::StringPiece16(
uet.ImageName,
wcsnlen(uet.ImageName, arraysize(uet.ImageName))))));
}
}
}
void ProcessSnapshotWin::GetCrashpadOptionsInternal(
CrashpadInfoClientOptions* options) {
CrashpadInfoClientOptions local_options;
for (const auto& module : modules_) {
CrashpadInfoClientOptions module_options;
module->GetCrashpadOptions(&module_options);
if (local_options.crashpad_handler_behavior == TriState::kUnset) {
local_options.crashpad_handler_behavior =
module_options.crashpad_handler_behavior;
}
if (local_options.system_crash_reporter_forwarding == TriState::kUnset) {
local_options.system_crash_reporter_forwarding =
module_options.system_crash_reporter_forwarding;
}
if (local_options.gather_indirectly_referenced_memory == TriState::kUnset) {
local_options.gather_indirectly_referenced_memory =
module_options.gather_indirectly_referenced_memory;
local_options.indirectly_referenced_memory_cap =
module_options.indirectly_referenced_memory_cap;
}
// If non-default values have been found for all options, the loop can end
// early.
if (local_options.crashpad_handler_behavior != TriState::kUnset &&
local_options.system_crash_reporter_forwarding != TriState::kUnset &&
local_options.gather_indirectly_referenced_memory != TriState::kUnset) {
break;
}
}
*options = local_options;
}
template <class Traits>
void ProcessSnapshotWin::InitializePebData(
WinVMAddress debug_critical_section_address) {
WinVMAddress peb_address;
WinVMSize peb_size;
process_reader_.GetProcessInfo().Peb(&peb_address, &peb_size);
AddMemorySnapshot(peb_address, peb_size, &extra_memory_);
process_types::PEB<Traits> peb_data;
if (!process_reader_.Memory()->Read(
peb_address, base::checked_cast<size_t>(peb_size), &peb_data)) {
LOG(ERROR) << "ReadMemory PEB";
return;
}
process_types::PEB_LDR_DATA<Traits> peb_ldr_data;
AddMemorySnapshot(peb_data.Ldr, sizeof(peb_ldr_data), &extra_memory_);
if (!process_reader_.Memory()->Read(
peb_data.Ldr, sizeof(peb_ldr_data), &peb_ldr_data)) {
LOG(ERROR) << "ReadMemory PEB_LDR_DATA";
} else {
// Walk the LDR structure to retrieve its pointed-to data.
AddMemorySnapshotForLdrLIST_ENTRY(
peb_ldr_data.InLoadOrderModuleList,
offsetof(process_types::LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY<Traits>, InLoadOrderLinks),
&extra_memory_);
AddMemorySnapshotForLdrLIST_ENTRY(
peb_ldr_data.InMemoryOrderModuleList,
offsetof(process_types::LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY<Traits>,
InMemoryOrderLinks),
&extra_memory_);
AddMemorySnapshotForLdrLIST_ENTRY(
peb_ldr_data.InInitializationOrderModuleList,
offsetof(process_types::LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY<Traits>,
InInitializationOrderLinks),
&extra_memory_);
}
process_types::RTL_USER_PROCESS_PARAMETERS<Traits> process_parameters;
if (!process_reader_.Memory()->Read(peb_data.ProcessParameters,
sizeof(process_parameters),
&process_parameters)) {
LOG(ERROR) << "ReadMemory RTL_USER_PROCESS_PARAMETERS";
return;
}
AddMemorySnapshot(
peb_data.ProcessParameters, sizeof(process_parameters), &extra_memory_);
AddMemorySnapshotForUNICODE_STRING(
process_parameters.CurrentDirectory.DosPath, &extra_memory_);
AddMemorySnapshotForUNICODE_STRING(process_parameters.DllPath,
&extra_memory_);
AddMemorySnapshotForUNICODE_STRING(process_parameters.ImagePathName,
&extra_memory_);
AddMemorySnapshotForUNICODE_STRING(process_parameters.CommandLine,
&extra_memory_);
AddMemorySnapshotForUNICODE_STRING(process_parameters.WindowTitle,
&extra_memory_);
AddMemorySnapshotForUNICODE_STRING(process_parameters.DesktopInfo,
&extra_memory_);
AddMemorySnapshotForUNICODE_STRING(process_parameters.ShellInfo,
&extra_memory_);
AddMemorySnapshotForUNICODE_STRING(process_parameters.RuntimeData,
&extra_memory_);
AddMemorySnapshot(
process_parameters.Environment,
DetermineSizeOfEnvironmentBlock(process_parameters.Environment),
&extra_memory_);
// Walk the loader lock which is directly referenced by the PEB.
ReadLock<Traits>(peb_data.LoaderLock, &extra_memory_);
// TODO(scottmg): Use debug_critical_section_address to walk the list of
// locks (see history of this file for walking code). In some configurations
// this can walk many thousands of locks, so we may want to get some
// annotation from the client for which locks to grab. Unfortunately, without
// walking the list, the !locks command in windbg won't work because it
// requires the lock pointed to by ntdll!RtlCriticalSectionList, which we
// won't have captured.
}
void ProcessSnapshotWin::AddMemorySnapshot(
WinVMAddress address,
WinVMSize size,
std::vector<std::unique_ptr<internal::MemorySnapshotWin>>* into) {
if (size == 0)
return;
if (!process_reader_.GetProcessInfo().LoggingRangeIsFullyReadable(
CheckedRange<WinVMAddress, WinVMSize>(address, size))) {
return;
}
// If we have already added this exact range, don't add it again. This is
// useful for the LDR module lists which are a set of doubly-linked lists, all
// pointing to the same module name strings.
// TODO(scottmg): A more general version of this, handling overlapping,
// contained, etc. https://crashpad.chromium.org/bug/61.
for (const auto& memory_snapshot : *into) {
if (memory_snapshot->Address() == address &&
memory_snapshot->Size() == size) {
return;
}
}
into->push_back(std::make_unique<internal::MemorySnapshotWin>());
into->back()->Initialize(&process_reader_, address, size);
}
template <class Traits>
void ProcessSnapshotWin::AddMemorySnapshotForUNICODE_STRING(
const process_types::UNICODE_STRING<Traits>& us,
std::vector<std::unique_ptr<internal::MemorySnapshotWin>>* into) {
AddMemorySnapshot(us.Buffer, us.Length, into);
}
template <class Traits>
void ProcessSnapshotWin::AddMemorySnapshotForLdrLIST_ENTRY(
const process_types::LIST_ENTRY<Traits>& le,
size_t offset_of_member,
std::vector<std::unique_ptr<internal::MemorySnapshotWin>>* into) {
// Walk the doubly-linked list of entries, adding the list memory itself, as
// well as pointed-to strings.
typename Traits::Pointer last = le.Blink;
process_types::LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY<Traits> entry;
typename Traits::Pointer cur = le.Flink;
for (;;) {
// |cur| is the pointer to LIST_ENTRY embedded in the LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY.
// So we need to offset back to the beginning of the structure.
if (!process_reader_.Memory()->Read(
cur - offset_of_member, sizeof(entry), &entry)) {
return;
}
AddMemorySnapshot(cur - offset_of_member, sizeof(entry), into);
AddMemorySnapshotForUNICODE_STRING(entry.FullDllName, into);
AddMemorySnapshotForUNICODE_STRING(entry.BaseDllName, into);
process_types::LIST_ENTRY<Traits>* links =
reinterpret_cast<process_types::LIST_ENTRY<Traits>*>(
reinterpret_cast<unsigned char*>(&entry) + offset_of_member);
cur = links->Flink;
if (cur == last)
break;
}
}
WinVMSize ProcessSnapshotWin::DetermineSizeOfEnvironmentBlock(
WinVMAddress start_of_environment_block) {
// https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/oldnewthing/20100203-00/?p=15083: On newer
// OSs there's no stated limit, but in practice grabbing 32k characters should
// be more than enough.
std::wstring env_block;
env_block.resize(32768);
size_t bytes_read = process_reader_.Memory()->ReadAvailableMemory(
start_of_environment_block,
env_block.size() * sizeof(env_block[0]),
&env_block[0]);
env_block.resize(
static_cast<unsigned int>(bytes_read / sizeof(env_block[0])));
static constexpr wchar_t terminator[] = {0, 0};
size_t at = env_block.find(std::wstring(terminator, arraysize(terminator)));
if (at != std::wstring::npos)
env_block.resize(at + arraysize(terminator));
return env_block.size() * sizeof(env_block[0]);
}
template <class Traits>
void ProcessSnapshotWin::ReadLock(
WinVMAddress start,
std::vector<std::unique_ptr<internal::MemorySnapshotWin>>* into) {
// We're walking the RTL_CRITICAL_SECTION_DEBUG ProcessLocksList, but starting
// from an actual RTL_CRITICAL_SECTION, so start by getting to the first
// RTL_CRITICAL_SECTION_DEBUG.
process_types::RTL_CRITICAL_SECTION<Traits> critical_section;
if (!process_reader_.Memory()->Read(
start, sizeof(critical_section), &critical_section)) {
LOG(ERROR) << "failed to read RTL_CRITICAL_SECTION";
return;
}
AddMemorySnapshot(
start, sizeof(process_types::RTL_CRITICAL_SECTION<Traits>), into);
constexpr decltype(critical_section.DebugInfo) kInvalid =
static_cast<decltype(critical_section.DebugInfo)>(-1);
if (critical_section.DebugInfo == kInvalid)
return;
AddMemorySnapshot(critical_section.DebugInfo,
sizeof(process_types::RTL_CRITICAL_SECTION_DEBUG<Traits>),
into);
}
} // namespace crashpad