Clone this repo:
  1. 7b0dc66 Vulkan: Enable explicitlyEnablePerSampleShading for most vendors by Mohan Maiya · 4 days ago upstream/main
  2. 2f05b99 Roll vulkan-deps from be96f8cab214 to 5d0bdd3702f7 (7 revisions) by angle-autoroll · 8 hours ago
  3. 7691cea Vulkan: Remove seamful cubemap emulation by Shahbaz Youssefi · 24 hours ago
  4. 0d45861 Vulkan: Fix PBO readbacks with small row length by Alexey Knyazev · 6 days ago upstream/chromium/6613
  5. 975674e Metal: Fix PBO readback failures with small row length by Alexey Knyazev · 6 days ago

ANGLE - Almost Native Graphics Layer Engine

The goal of ANGLE is to allow users of multiple operating systems to seamlessly run WebGL and other OpenGL ES content by translating OpenGL ES API calls to one of the hardware-supported APIs available for that platform. ANGLE currently provides translation from OpenGL ES 2.0, 3.0 and 3.1 to Vulkan, desktop OpenGL, OpenGL ES, Direct3D 9, and Direct3D 11. Future plans include ES 3.2, translation to Metal and MacOS, Chrome OS, and Fuchsia support.

Level of OpenGL ES support via backing renderers

Direct3D 9Direct3D 11Desktop GLGL ESVulkanMetal
OpenGL ES 2.0completecompletecompletecompletecompletecomplete
OpenGL ES 3.0completecompletecompletecompletecomplete
OpenGL ES 3.1incompletecompletecompletecomplete
OpenGL ES 3.2in progressin progresscomplete

Additionally, OpenGL ES 1.1 is implemented in the front-end using OpenGL ES 3.0 features. This version of the specification is thus supported on all platforms specified above that support OpenGL ES 3.0 with known issues.

Platform support via backing renderers

Direct3D 9Direct3D 11Desktop GLGL ESVulkanMetal
Mac OS Xcompletecomplete [1]
iOScomplete [2]
Chrome OScompleteplanned
GGP (Stadia)complete

[1] Metal is supported on macOS 10.14+

[2] Metal is supported on iOS 12+

ANGLE v1.0.772 was certified compliant by passing the OpenGL ES 2.0.3 conformance tests in October 2011.

ANGLE has received the following certifications with the Vulkan backend:

  • OpenGL ES 2.0: ANGLE 2.1.0.d46e2fb1e341 (Nov, 2019)
  • OpenGL ES 3.0: ANGLE 2.1.0.f18ff947360d (Feb, 2020)
  • OpenGL ES 3.1: ANGLE 2.1.0.f5dace0f1e57 (Jul, 2020)
  • OpenGL ES 3.2: ANGLE (Sept, 2023)

ANGLE also provides an implementation of the EGL 1.5 specification.

ANGLE is used as the default WebGL backend for both Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox on Windows platforms. Chrome uses ANGLE for all graphics rendering on Windows, including the accelerated Canvas2D implementation and the Native Client sandbox environment.

Portions of the ANGLE shader compiler are used as a shader validator and translator by WebGL implementations across multiple platforms. It is used on Mac OS X, Linux, and in mobile variants of the browsers. Having one shader validator helps to ensure that a consistent set of GLSL ES shaders are accepted across browsers and platforms. The shader translator can be used to translate shaders to other shading languages, and to optionally apply shader modifications to work around bugs or quirks in the native graphics drivers. The translator targets Desktop GLSL, Vulkan GLSL, Direct3D HLSL, and even ESSL for native GLES2 platforms.

OpenCL Implementation

In addition to OpenGL ES, ANGLE also provides an optional OpenCL runtime built into the same output GLES lib.

This work/effort is currently work-in-progress/experimental.

This work provides the same benefits as the OpenGL implementation, having OpenCL APIs be translated to other HW-supported APIs available on that platform.

Level of OpenCL support via backing renderers

OpenCL 1.0in progressin progress
OpenCL 1.1in progressin progress
OpenCL 1.2in progressin progress
OpenCL 3.0in progressin progress

Each supported backing renderer above ends up being an OpenCL Platform for the user to choose from.

The OpenCL backend is a “passthrough” implementation which does not perform any API translation at all, instead forwarding API calls to other OpenCL driver(s)/implementation(s).

OpenCL also has an online compiler component to it that is used to compile OpenCL C source code at runtime (similarly to GLES and GLSL). Depending on the chosen backend(s), compiler implementations may vary. Below is a list of renderers and what OpenCL C compiler implementation is used for each:

  • Vulkan : clspv
  • OpenCL : Compiler is part of the native driver


ANGLE repository is hosted by Chromium project and can be browsed online or cloned with

git clone


View the Dev setup instructions.