blob: 3aba15de7a40b5114a0dd889b1675a1091fd3d6f [file] [log] [blame]
"""Utilities for writing code that runs on Python 2 and 3"""
# Copyright (c) 2010-2014 Benjamin Peterson
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
# of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
# in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
# to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
# copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
# furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
# copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
# AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
# LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
# OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
# SOFTWARE.
import functools
import operator
import sys
import types
__author__ = "Benjamin Peterson <benjamin@python.org>"
__version__ = "1.6.1"
# Useful for very coarse version differentiation.
PY2 = sys.version_info[0] == 2
PY3 = sys.version_info[0] == 3
if PY3:
string_types = str,
integer_types = int,
class_types = type,
text_type = str
binary_type = bytes
MAXSIZE = sys.maxsize
else:
string_types = basestring,
integer_types = (int, long)
class_types = (type, types.ClassType)
text_type = unicode
binary_type = str
if sys.platform.startswith("java"):
# Jython always uses 32 bits.
MAXSIZE = int((1 << 31) - 1)
else:
# It's possible to have sizeof(long) != sizeof(Py_ssize_t).
class X(object):
def __len__(self):
return 1 << 31
try:
len(X())
except OverflowError:
# 32-bit
MAXSIZE = int((1 << 31) - 1)
else:
# 64-bit
MAXSIZE = int((1 << 63) - 1)
del X
def _add_doc(func, doc):
"""Add documentation to a function."""
func.__doc__ = doc
def _import_module(name):
"""Import module, returning the module after the last dot."""
__import__(name)
return sys.modules[name]
class _LazyDescr(object):
def __init__(self, name):
self.name = name
def __get__(self, obj, tp):
try:
result = self._resolve()
except ImportError:
# See the nice big comment in MovedModule.__getattr__.
raise AttributeError("%s could not be imported " % self.name)
setattr(obj, self.name, result) # Invokes __set__.
# This is a bit ugly, but it avoids running this again.
delattr(obj.__class__, self.name)
return result
class MovedModule(_LazyDescr):
def __init__(self, name, old, new=None):
super(MovedModule, self).__init__(name)
if PY3:
if new is None:
new = name
self.mod = new
else:
self.mod = old
def _resolve(self):
return _import_module(self.mod)
def __getattr__(self, attr):
# It turns out many Python frameworks like to traverse sys.modules and
# try to load various attributes. This causes problems if this is a
# platform-specific module on the wrong platform, like _winreg on
# Unixes. Therefore, we silently pretend unimportable modules do not
# have any attributes. See issues #51, #53, #56, and #63 for the full
# tales of woe.
#
# First, if possible, avoid loading the module just to look at __file__,
# __name__, or __path__.
if (attr in ("__file__", "__name__", "__path__") and
self.mod not in sys.modules):
raise AttributeError(attr)
try:
_module = self._resolve()
except ImportError:
raise AttributeError(attr)
value = getattr(_module, attr)
setattr(self, attr, value)
return value
class _LazyModule(types.ModuleType):
def __init__(self, name):
super(_LazyModule, self).__init__(name)
self.__doc__ = self.__class__.__doc__
def __dir__(self):
attrs = ["__doc__", "__name__"]
attrs += [attr.name for attr in self._moved_attributes]
return attrs
# Subclasses should override this
_moved_attributes = []
class MovedAttribute(_LazyDescr):
def __init__(self, name, old_mod, new_mod, old_attr=None, new_attr=None):
super(MovedAttribute, self).__init__(name)
if PY3:
if new_mod is None:
new_mod = name
self.mod = new_mod
if new_attr is None:
if old_attr is None:
new_attr = name
else:
new_attr = old_attr
self.attr = new_attr
else:
self.mod = old_mod
if old_attr is None:
old_attr = name
self.attr = old_attr
def _resolve(self):
module = _import_module(self.mod)
return getattr(module, self.attr)
class _MovedItems(_LazyModule):
"""Lazy loading of moved objects"""
_moved_attributes = [
MovedAttribute("cStringIO", "cStringIO", "io", "StringIO"),
MovedAttribute("filter", "itertools", "builtins", "ifilter", "filter"),
MovedAttribute("filterfalse", "itertools", "itertools", "ifilterfalse", "filterfalse"),
MovedAttribute("input", "__builtin__", "builtins", "raw_input", "input"),
MovedAttribute("map", "itertools", "builtins", "imap", "map"),
MovedAttribute("range", "__builtin__", "builtins", "xrange", "range"),
MovedAttribute("reload_module", "__builtin__", "imp", "reload"),
MovedAttribute("reduce", "__builtin__", "functools"),
MovedAttribute("StringIO", "StringIO", "io"),
MovedAttribute("UserDict", "UserDict", "collections"),
MovedAttribute("UserList", "UserList", "collections"),
MovedAttribute("UserString", "UserString", "collections"),
MovedAttribute("xrange", "__builtin__", "builtins", "xrange", "range"),
MovedAttribute("zip", "itertools", "builtins", "izip", "zip"),
MovedAttribute("zip_longest", "itertools", "itertools", "izip_longest", "zip_longest"),
MovedModule("builtins", "__builtin__"),
MovedModule("configparser", "ConfigParser"),
MovedModule("copyreg", "copy_reg"),
MovedModule("dbm_gnu", "gdbm", "dbm.gnu"),
MovedModule("_dummy_thread", "dummy_thread", "_dummy_thread"),
MovedModule("http_cookiejar", "cookielib", "http.cookiejar"),
MovedModule("http_cookies", "Cookie", "http.cookies"),
MovedModule("html_entities", "htmlentitydefs", "html.entities"),
MovedModule("html_parser", "HTMLParser", "html.parser"),
MovedModule("http_client", "httplib", "http.client"),
MovedModule("email_mime_multipart", "email.MIMEMultipart", "email.mime.multipart"),
MovedModule("email_mime_text", "email.MIMEText", "email.mime.text"),
MovedModule("email_mime_base", "email.MIMEBase", "email.mime.base"),
MovedModule("BaseHTTPServer", "BaseHTTPServer", "http.server"),
MovedModule("CGIHTTPServer", "CGIHTTPServer", "http.server"),
MovedModule("SimpleHTTPServer", "SimpleHTTPServer", "http.server"),
MovedModule("cPickle", "cPickle", "pickle"),
MovedModule("queue", "Queue"),
MovedModule("reprlib", "repr"),
MovedModule("socketserver", "SocketServer"),
MovedModule("_thread", "thread", "_thread"),
MovedModule("tkinter", "Tkinter"),
MovedModule("tkinter_dialog", "Dialog", "tkinter.dialog"),
MovedModule("tkinter_filedialog", "FileDialog", "tkinter.filedialog"),
MovedModule("tkinter_scrolledtext", "ScrolledText", "tkinter.scrolledtext"),
MovedModule("tkinter_simpledialog", "SimpleDialog", "tkinter.simpledialog"),
MovedModule("tkinter_tix", "Tix", "tkinter.tix"),
MovedModule("tkinter_ttk", "ttk", "tkinter.ttk"),
MovedModule("tkinter_constants", "Tkconstants", "tkinter.constants"),
MovedModule("tkinter_dnd", "Tkdnd", "tkinter.dnd"),
MovedModule("tkinter_colorchooser", "tkColorChooser",
"tkinter.colorchooser"),
MovedModule("tkinter_commondialog", "tkCommonDialog",
"tkinter.commondialog"),
MovedModule("tkinter_tkfiledialog", "tkFileDialog", "tkinter.filedialog"),
MovedModule("tkinter_font", "tkFont", "tkinter.font"),
MovedModule("tkinter_messagebox", "tkMessageBox", "tkinter.messagebox"),
MovedModule("tkinter_tksimpledialog", "tkSimpleDialog",
"tkinter.simpledialog"),
MovedModule("urllib_parse", __name__ + ".moves.urllib_parse", "urllib.parse"),
MovedModule("urllib_error", __name__ + ".moves.urllib_error", "urllib.error"),
MovedModule("urllib", __name__ + ".moves.urllib", __name__ + ".moves.urllib"),
MovedModule("urllib_robotparser", "robotparser", "urllib.robotparser"),
MovedModule("xmlrpc_client", "xmlrpclib", "xmlrpc.client"),
MovedModule("xmlrpc_server", "xmlrpclib", "xmlrpc.server"),
MovedModule("winreg", "_winreg"),
]
for attr in _moved_attributes:
setattr(_MovedItems, attr.name, attr)
if isinstance(attr, MovedModule):
sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves." + attr.name] = attr
del attr
_MovedItems._moved_attributes = _moved_attributes
moves = sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves"] = _MovedItems(__name__ + ".moves")
class Module_six_moves_urllib_parse(_LazyModule):
"""Lazy loading of moved objects in six.moves.urllib_parse"""
_urllib_parse_moved_attributes = [
MovedAttribute("ParseResult", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("SplitResult", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("parse_qs", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("parse_qsl", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("urldefrag", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("urljoin", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("urlparse", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("urlsplit", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("urlunparse", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("urlunsplit", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("quote", "urllib", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("quote_plus", "urllib", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("unquote", "urllib", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("unquote_plus", "urllib", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("urlencode", "urllib", "urllib.parse"),
MovedAttribute("splitquery", "urllib", "urllib.parse"),
]
for attr in _urllib_parse_moved_attributes:
setattr(Module_six_moves_urllib_parse, attr.name, attr)
del attr
Module_six_moves_urllib_parse._moved_attributes = _urllib_parse_moved_attributes
sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib_parse"] = sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib.parse"] = Module_six_moves_urllib_parse(__name__ + ".moves.urllib_parse")
class Module_six_moves_urllib_error(_LazyModule):
"""Lazy loading of moved objects in six.moves.urllib_error"""
_urllib_error_moved_attributes = [
MovedAttribute("URLError", "urllib2", "urllib.error"),
MovedAttribute("HTTPError", "urllib2", "urllib.error"),
MovedAttribute("ContentTooShortError", "urllib", "urllib.error"),
]
for attr in _urllib_error_moved_attributes:
setattr(Module_six_moves_urllib_error, attr.name, attr)
del attr
Module_six_moves_urllib_error._moved_attributes = _urllib_error_moved_attributes
sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib_error"] = sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib.error"] = Module_six_moves_urllib_error(__name__ + ".moves.urllib.error")
class Module_six_moves_urllib_request(_LazyModule):
"""Lazy loading of moved objects in six.moves.urllib_request"""
_urllib_request_moved_attributes = [
MovedAttribute("urlopen", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("install_opener", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("build_opener", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("pathname2url", "urllib", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("url2pathname", "urllib", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("getproxies", "urllib", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("Request", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("OpenerDirector", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("HTTPDefaultErrorHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("HTTPRedirectHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("HTTPCookieProcessor", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("ProxyHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("BaseHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("HTTPPasswordMgr", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("HTTPPasswordMgrWithDefaultRealm", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("AbstractBasicAuthHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("HTTPBasicAuthHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("ProxyBasicAuthHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("AbstractDigestAuthHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("HTTPDigestAuthHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("ProxyDigestAuthHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("HTTPHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("HTTPSHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("FileHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("FTPHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("CacheFTPHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("UnknownHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("HTTPErrorProcessor", "urllib2", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("urlretrieve", "urllib", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("urlcleanup", "urllib", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("URLopener", "urllib", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("FancyURLopener", "urllib", "urllib.request"),
MovedAttribute("proxy_bypass", "urllib", "urllib.request"),
]
for attr in _urllib_request_moved_attributes:
setattr(Module_six_moves_urllib_request, attr.name, attr)
del attr
Module_six_moves_urllib_request._moved_attributes = _urllib_request_moved_attributes
sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib_request"] = sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib.request"] = Module_six_moves_urllib_request(__name__ + ".moves.urllib.request")
class Module_six_moves_urllib_response(_LazyModule):
"""Lazy loading of moved objects in six.moves.urllib_response"""
_urllib_response_moved_attributes = [
MovedAttribute("addbase", "urllib", "urllib.response"),
MovedAttribute("addclosehook", "urllib", "urllib.response"),
MovedAttribute("addinfo", "urllib", "urllib.response"),
MovedAttribute("addinfourl", "urllib", "urllib.response"),
]
for attr in _urllib_response_moved_attributes:
setattr(Module_six_moves_urllib_response, attr.name, attr)
del attr
Module_six_moves_urllib_response._moved_attributes = _urllib_response_moved_attributes
sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib_response"] = sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib.response"] = Module_six_moves_urllib_response(__name__ + ".moves.urllib.response")
class Module_six_moves_urllib_robotparser(_LazyModule):
"""Lazy loading of moved objects in six.moves.urllib_robotparser"""
_urllib_robotparser_moved_attributes = [
MovedAttribute("RobotFileParser", "robotparser", "urllib.robotparser"),
]
for attr in _urllib_robotparser_moved_attributes:
setattr(Module_six_moves_urllib_robotparser, attr.name, attr)
del attr
Module_six_moves_urllib_robotparser._moved_attributes = _urllib_robotparser_moved_attributes
sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib_robotparser"] = sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib.robotparser"] = Module_six_moves_urllib_robotparser(__name__ + ".moves.urllib.robotparser")
class Module_six_moves_urllib(types.ModuleType):
"""Create a six.moves.urllib namespace that resembles the Python 3 namespace"""
parse = sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib_parse"]
error = sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib_error"]
request = sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib_request"]
response = sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib_response"]
robotparser = sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib_robotparser"]
def __dir__(self):
return ['parse', 'error', 'request', 'response', 'robotparser']
sys.modules[__name__ + ".moves.urllib"] = Module_six_moves_urllib(__name__ + ".moves.urllib")
def add_move(move):
"""Add an item to six.moves."""
setattr(_MovedItems, move.name, move)
def remove_move(name):
"""Remove item from six.moves."""
try:
delattr(_MovedItems, name)
except AttributeError:
try:
del moves.__dict__[name]
except KeyError:
raise AttributeError("no such move, %r" % (name,))
if PY3:
_meth_func = "__func__"
_meth_self = "__self__"
_func_closure = "__closure__"
_func_code = "__code__"
_func_defaults = "__defaults__"
_func_globals = "__globals__"
else:
_meth_func = "im_func"
_meth_self = "im_self"
_func_closure = "func_closure"
_func_code = "func_code"
_func_defaults = "func_defaults"
_func_globals = "func_globals"
try:
advance_iterator = next
except NameError:
def advance_iterator(it):
return it.next()
next = advance_iterator
try:
callable = callable
except NameError:
def callable(obj):
return any("__call__" in klass.__dict__ for klass in type(obj).__mro__)
if PY3:
def get_unbound_function(unbound):
return unbound
create_bound_method = types.MethodType
Iterator = object
else:
def get_unbound_function(unbound):
return unbound.im_func
def create_bound_method(func, obj):
return types.MethodType(func, obj, obj.__class__)
class Iterator(object):
def next(self):
return type(self).__next__(self)
callable = callable
_add_doc(get_unbound_function,
"""Get the function out of a possibly unbound function""")
get_method_function = operator.attrgetter(_meth_func)
get_method_self = operator.attrgetter(_meth_self)
get_function_closure = operator.attrgetter(_func_closure)
get_function_code = operator.attrgetter(_func_code)
get_function_defaults = operator.attrgetter(_func_defaults)
get_function_globals = operator.attrgetter(_func_globals)
if PY3:
def iterkeys(d, **kw):
return iter(d.keys(**kw))
def itervalues(d, **kw):
return iter(d.values(**kw))
def iteritems(d, **kw):
return iter(d.items(**kw))
def iterlists(d, **kw):
return iter(d.lists(**kw))
else:
def iterkeys(d, **kw):
return iter(d.iterkeys(**kw))
def itervalues(d, **kw):
return iter(d.itervalues(**kw))
def iteritems(d, **kw):
return iter(d.iteritems(**kw))
def iterlists(d, **kw):
return iter(d.iterlists(**kw))
_add_doc(iterkeys, "Return an iterator over the keys of a dictionary.")
_add_doc(itervalues, "Return an iterator over the values of a dictionary.")
_add_doc(iteritems,
"Return an iterator over the (key, value) pairs of a dictionary.")
_add_doc(iterlists,
"Return an iterator over the (key, [values]) pairs of a dictionary.")
if PY3:
def b(s):
return s.encode("latin-1")
def u(s):
return s
unichr = chr
if sys.version_info[1] <= 1:
def int2byte(i):
return bytes((i,))
else:
# This is about 2x faster than the implementation above on 3.2+
int2byte = operator.methodcaller("to_bytes", 1, "big")
byte2int = operator.itemgetter(0)
indexbytes = operator.getitem
iterbytes = iter
import io
StringIO = io.StringIO
BytesIO = io.BytesIO
else:
def b(s):
return s
# Workaround for standalone backslash
def u(s):
return unicode(s.replace(r'\\', r'\\\\'), "unicode_escape")
unichr = unichr
int2byte = chr
def byte2int(bs):
return ord(bs[0])
def indexbytes(buf, i):
return ord(buf[i])
def iterbytes(buf):
return (ord(byte) for byte in buf)
import StringIO
StringIO = BytesIO = StringIO.StringIO
_add_doc(b, """Byte literal""")
_add_doc(u, """Text literal""")
if PY3:
exec_ = getattr(moves.builtins, "exec")
def reraise(tp, value, tb=None):
if value.__traceback__ is not tb:
raise value.with_traceback(tb)
raise value
else:
def exec_(_code_, _globs_=None, _locs_=None):
"""Execute code in a namespace."""
if _globs_ is None:
frame = sys._getframe(1)
_globs_ = frame.f_globals
if _locs_ is None:
_locs_ = frame.f_locals
del frame
elif _locs_ is None:
_locs_ = _globs_
exec("""exec _code_ in _globs_, _locs_""")
exec_("""def reraise(tp, value, tb=None):
raise tp, value, tb
""")
print_ = getattr(moves.builtins, "print", None)
if print_ is None:
def print_(*args, **kwargs):
"""The new-style print function for Python 2.4 and 2.5."""
fp = kwargs.pop("file", sys.stdout)
if fp is None:
return
def write(data):
if not isinstance(data, basestring):
data = str(data)
# If the file has an encoding, encode unicode with it.
if (isinstance(fp, file) and
isinstance(data, unicode) and
fp.encoding is not None):
errors = getattr(fp, "errors", None)
if errors is None:
errors = "strict"
data = data.encode(fp.encoding, errors)
fp.write(data)
want_unicode = False
sep = kwargs.pop("sep", None)
if sep is not None:
if isinstance(sep, unicode):
want_unicode = True
elif not isinstance(sep, str):
raise TypeError("sep must be None or a string")
end = kwargs.pop("end", None)
if end is not None:
if isinstance(end, unicode):
want_unicode = True
elif not isinstance(end, str):
raise TypeError("end must be None or a string")
if kwargs:
raise TypeError("invalid keyword arguments to print()")
if not want_unicode:
for arg in args:
if isinstance(arg, unicode):
want_unicode = True
break
if want_unicode:
newline = unicode("\n")
space = unicode(" ")
else:
newline = "\n"
space = " "
if sep is None:
sep = space
if end is None:
end = newline
for i, arg in enumerate(args):
if i:
write(sep)
write(arg)
write(end)
_add_doc(reraise, """Reraise an exception.""")
if sys.version_info[0:2] < (3, 4):
def wraps(wrapped):
def wrapper(f):
f = functools.wraps(wrapped)(f)
f.__wrapped__ = wrapped
return f
return wrapper
else:
wraps = functools.wraps
def with_metaclass(meta, *bases):
"""Create a base class with a metaclass."""
# This requires a bit of explanation: the basic idea is to make a
# dummy metaclass for one level of class instantiation that replaces
# itself with the actual metaclass. Because of internal type checks
# we also need to make sure that we downgrade the custom metaclass
# for one level to something closer to type (that's why __call__ and
# __init__ comes back from type etc.).
class metaclass(meta):
__call__ = type.__call__
__init__ = type.__init__
def __new__(cls, name, this_bases, d):
if this_bases is None:
return type.__new__(cls, name, (), d)
return meta(name, bases, d)
return metaclass('temporary_class', None, {})
def add_metaclass(metaclass):
"""Class decorator for creating a class with a metaclass."""
def wrapper(cls):
orig_vars = cls.__dict__.copy()
orig_vars.pop('__dict__', None)
orig_vars.pop('__weakref__', None)
slots = orig_vars.get('__slots__')
if slots is not None:
if isinstance(slots, str):
slots = [slots]
for slots_var in slots:
orig_vars.pop(slots_var)
return metaclass(cls.__name__, cls.__bases__, orig_vars)
return wrapper