This document describes how to build and run Vulkan Conformance Test suite.

Vulkan CTS is built on dEQP framework. dEQP documentation is available at



  • Git (for checking out sources)
  • Python 2.7.x (all recent versions in 2.x should work, 3.x is not supported)
  • CMake 2.8 or newer


  • Visual Studio 2013 or newer (glslang uses several C++11 features)


  • Standard toolchain (make, gcc/clang)


  • Android NDK r11
  • Android SDK with: SDK Tools, SDK Platform-tools, SDK Build-tools, and API 22
  • Java Development Kit (JDK)
  • Apache Ant
  • Windows: either NMake or JOM in PATH

See android/scripts/ for a list locations where the build system expects to find these.

Building CTS

To build dEQP, you need first to download sources for zlib, libpng, glslang, and spirv-tools.

To download sources, run:

python external/

You may need to re-run to update to the latest glslang and spirv-tools revisions occasionally.

With CMake out-of-source builds are always recommended. Create a build directory of your choosing, and in that directory generate Makefiles or IDE project using cmake.

Windows x86-32

cmake <path to vulkancts> -G"Visual Studio 12"
start dEQP-Core-default.sln

Windows x86-64

cmake <path to vulkancts> -G"Visual Studio 12 Win64"
start dEQP-Core-default.sln

Linux 32-bit Debug

cmake <path to vulkancts> -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug -DCMAKE_C_FLAGS=-m32 -DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS=-m32
make -j

Release build can be done by using -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release

Linux 64-bit Debug

cmake <path to vulkancts> -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug -DCMAKE_C_FLAGS=-m64 -DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS=-m64
make -j


Following command will build CTS into android/package/bin/dEQP-debug.apk.

python android/scripts/

The package can be installed by either running:

python android/scripts/

By default the CTS package will contain built for armeabi-v7a, arm64-v8a, and x86 ABIs, but that can be changed in android/scripts/ script.

To pick which ABI to use at install time, following commands must be used instead:

adb install --abi <ABI name> android/package/bin/dEQP-debug.apk /data/local/tmp/dEQP-debug.apk

Building Mustpass

Current mustpass is checked into repository and can be found at:


Vulkan CTS mustpass can be re-generated by running:

python <vulkancts>/external/vulkancts/

Pre-compiling SPIR-V binaries

For distribution, and platforms that don't support GLSL to SPIR-V compilation, SPIR-V binaries can be pre-built with following command:

python external/vulkancts/scripts/

Binaries will be written to external/vulkancts/data/vulkan/prebuilt/.

Test modules (or in case of Android, the APK) must be re-built after building SPIR-V programs in order for the binaries to be available.

Running CTS

Following command line options MUST be used when running CTS:


In addition on multi-device systems the device for which conformance is claimed can be selected with:


To speed up the conformance run on some platforms the following command line option may be used to disable frequent fflush() calls to the output logs:


By default, the test log will be written into the path “TestResults.qpa”. If the platform requires a different path, it can be specified with:


No other command line options are allowed.


cd <builddir>/external/vulkancts/modules/vulkan
Debug/deqp-vk.exe --deqp-caselist-file=...

Test log will be written into TestResults.qpa


cd <builddir>/external/vulkancts/modules/vulkan
./deqp-vk --deqp-vk-caselist-file=...


adb push <vulkancts>/external/vulkancts/mustpass/1.0.2/vk-default.txt /sdcard/vk-default.txt
adb shell

In device shell:

am start -n com.drawelements.deqp/ -e cmdLine "deqp --deqp-caselist-file=/sdcard/vk-default.txt --deqp-log-images=disable --deqp-log-shader-sources=disable --deqp-log-filename=/sdcard/TestResults.qpa"

Test progress will be written to device log and can be displayed with:

adb logcat -s dEQP

Test log will be written into /sdcard/TestResults.qpa.

Conformance Submission Package Requirements

The conformance submission package must contain the following:

  1. Full test logs (TestResults.qpa) from CTS runs against all driver builds
  2. Result of git status and git log from CTS source directory
  3. Any patches used on top of release tag
  4. Conformance statement

Test logs (1) should be named <submission pkg dir>/TestResults-<driver build type>.qpa, for example TestResults-armeabi-v7a.qpa. On platforms where multiple different driver builds (for example 64-bit and 32-bit) are present, CTS logs must be provided for each driver build as part of the submission package.

The CTS build must always be done from clean git repository that doesn't have any uncommitted changes. Thus it is necessary to run and capture output of git status and git log (2) in the source directory:

git status > <submission pkg dir>/git-status.txt
git log --first-parent <release tag>^..HEAD > <submission pkg dir>/git-log.txt

Any changes made to CTS must be committed to the local repository, and provided as part of the submission package (3). This can be done by running:

git format-patch -o <submission pkg dir> <release tag>..HEAD

In general, bugfixes and changes to platform-specific code (mostly under framework/platform) are allowed. The commit message for each change must include a clear description of the change and why it is necessary. Non-porting related changes must be accompanied by a waiver (see below).

NOTE: When cherry-picking patches on top of release tag, please use git cherry-pick -x to include original commit hash in the commit message.

Conformance statement (4) must be included in a file called STATEMENT-<adopter> and must contain following:

CONFORM_VERSION:         <git tag of CTS release>
PRODUCT:                 <string-value>
CPU:                     <string-value>
OS:                      <string-value>

Note that product/cpu/os information is also captured in* tests if vk::Platform::describePlatform() is implemented.

If the submission package covers multiple products, you can list them by appending additional PRODUCT: lines to the conformance statement. For example:

CONFORM_VERSION:         vulkan-cts-
PRODUCT:                 Product A
PRODUCT:                 Product B

The actual submission package consists of the above set of files which must be bundled into a gzipped tar file named VK10_<adopter><_info>.tgz. <adopter> is the name of the Adopting member company, or some recognizable abbreviation. The <_info> field is optional. It may be used to uniquely identify a submission by OS, platform, date, or other criteria when making multiple submissions.

One way to create a suiteable gzipped tar file is to execute the command:

tar -cvzf <filename.tgz> -C <submission pkg dir> .

where <submission pkg dir> is the directory containing the files from (1)-(4) from above. A submission package must contain all of the files listed above, and only those files.

As an example submission package could contain:



The process for requesting a waiver is to report the issue by filing a bug report in the Gitlab VulkanCTS project (TODO Github?). When creating the submission package, include references to the waiver in the commit message of the relevant change. Including as much information as possible in your bug report (including a unified diff or a merge request of suggested file changes) will ensure the issue can be progressed as rapidly as possible. Issues must be labeled “Waiver” (TODO!) and identify the version of the CTS and affected tests.

Conformance Criteria

Conformance run is considered passing if all tests finish with allowed result codes. Test results are contained in the TestResults.qpa log. Each test case section contains XML tag Result, for example:

<Result StatusCode="Pass">Not validated</Result>

The result code is the value of the StatusCode attribute. Following status codes are allowed:


Submission package can be verified using external/vulkancts/scripts/ script. The script takes two arguments: path to extracted submission package and path to current mustpass list. For example:

python external/vulkancts/scripts/ VK_10_Khronos_1/ external/vulkancts/mustpass/1.0.2/vk-default.txt

Vulkan platform port

Vulkan support from Platform implementation requires providing getVulkanPlatform() method in tcu::Platform class implementation.

See framework/common/tcuPlatform.hpp and examples in framework/platform/win32/tcuWin32Platform.cpp and framework/platform/android/tcuAndroidPlatform.cpp.

If any WSI extensions are supported, platform port must also implement methods for creating native display (vk::Platform::createWsiDisplay) and window handles (vk::wsi::Display::createWindow). Otherwise tests under dEQP-VK.wsi will fail.

Null (dummy) driver

For testing and development purposes it might be useful to be able to run tests on dummy Vulkan implementation. One such implementation is provided in vkNullDriver.cpp. To use that, implement vk::Platform::createLibrary() with vk::createNullDriver().

Validation Layers

Vulkan CTS framework includes first-party support for validation layers, that can be turned on with --deqp-validation=enable command line option.

When validation is turned on, default instance and device will be created with validation layers enabled and debug callback is registered to record any messages. Debug messages collected during test execution will be included at the end of the test case log.

If any validation errors are found, test result will be set to InternalError.

By default VK_DEBUG_REPORT_INFORMATION_BIT_EXT and _DEBUG_BIT_EXT messages are excluded from the log, but that can be customized by modifying vkt::TestCaseExecutor::deinit() in vktTestPackage.cpp.

Cherry GUI

Vulkan test module can be used with Cherry (GUI for test execution and analysis). Cherry is available at Please follow instructions in README to get started.

Before first launch, and every time test hierarchy has been modified, test case list must be refreshed by running:

python scripts/ path/to/cherry/data

Cherry must be restarted for the case list update to take effect.