blob: b1e6762ecdf3631b4c54725d69495bf3a7551bc5 [file] [log] [blame]
// +build linux
package libcontainer
import (
"encoding/json"
"fmt"
"io"
"io/ioutil"
"net"
"os"
"strconv"
"strings"
"syscall"
"github.com/Sirupsen/logrus"
"github.com/opencontainers/runc/libcontainer/cgroups"
"github.com/opencontainers/runc/libcontainer/configs"
"github.com/opencontainers/runc/libcontainer/system"
"github.com/opencontainers/runc/libcontainer/user"
"github.com/opencontainers/runc/libcontainer/utils"
"github.com/vishvananda/netlink"
)
type initType string
const (
initSetns initType = "setns"
initStandard initType = "standard"
)
type pid struct {
Pid int `json:"pid"`
}
// network is an internal struct used to setup container networks.
type network struct {
configs.Network
// TempVethPeerName is a unique temporary veth peer name that was placed into
// the container's namespace.
TempVethPeerName string `json:"temp_veth_peer_name"`
}
// initConfig is used for transferring parameters from Exec() to Init()
type initConfig struct {
Args []string `json:"args"`
Env []string `json:"env"`
Cwd string `json:"cwd"`
Capabilities []string `json:"capabilities"`
ProcessLabel string `json:"process_label"`
AppArmorProfile string `json:"apparmor_profile"`
NoNewPrivileges bool `json:"no_new_privileges"`
User string `json:"user"`
AdditionalGroups []string `json:"additional_groups"`
Config *configs.Config `json:"config"`
Console string `json:"console"`
Networks []*network `json:"network"`
PassedFilesCount int `json:"passed_files_count"`
ContainerId string `json:"containerid"`
Rlimits []configs.Rlimit `json:"rlimits"`
ExecFifoPath string `json:"start_pipe_path"`
}
type initer interface {
Init() error
}
func newContainerInit(t initType, pipe *os.File, stateDirFD int) (initer, error) {
var config *initConfig
if err := json.NewDecoder(pipe).Decode(&config); err != nil {
return nil, err
}
if err := populateProcessEnvironment(config.Env); err != nil {
return nil, err
}
switch t {
case initSetns:
return &linuxSetnsInit{
config: config,
}, nil
case initStandard:
return &linuxStandardInit{
pipe: pipe,
parentPid: syscall.Getppid(),
config: config,
stateDirFD: stateDirFD,
}, nil
}
return nil, fmt.Errorf("unknown init type %q", t)
}
// populateProcessEnvironment loads the provided environment variables into the
// current processes's environment.
func populateProcessEnvironment(env []string) error {
for _, pair := range env {
p := strings.SplitN(pair, "=", 2)
if len(p) < 2 {
return fmt.Errorf("invalid environment '%v'", pair)
}
if err := os.Setenv(p[0], p[1]); err != nil {
return err
}
}
return nil
}
// finalizeNamespace drops the caps, sets the correct user
// and working dir, and closes any leaked file descriptors
// before executing the command inside the namespace
func finalizeNamespace(config *initConfig) error {
// Ensure that all unwanted fds we may have accidentally
// inherited are marked close-on-exec so they stay out of the
// container
if err := utils.CloseExecFrom(config.PassedFilesCount + 3); err != nil {
return err
}
capabilities := config.Config.Capabilities
if config.Capabilities != nil {
capabilities = config.Capabilities
}
w, err := newCapWhitelist(capabilities)
if err != nil {
return err
}
// drop capabilities in bounding set before changing user
if err := w.dropBoundingSet(); err != nil {
return err
}
// preserve existing capabilities while we change users
if err := system.SetKeepCaps(); err != nil {
return err
}
if err := setupUser(config); err != nil {
return err
}
if err := system.ClearKeepCaps(); err != nil {
return err
}
// drop all other capabilities
if err := w.drop(); err != nil {
return err
}
if config.Cwd != "" {
if err := syscall.Chdir(config.Cwd); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("chdir to cwd (%q) set in config.json failed: %v", config.Cwd, err)
}
}
return nil
}
// syncParentReady sends to the given pipe a JSON payload which indicates that
// the init is ready to Exec the child process. It then waits for the parent to
// indicate that it is cleared to Exec.
func syncParentReady(pipe io.ReadWriter) error {
// Tell parent.
if err := utils.WriteJSON(pipe, syncT{procReady}); err != nil {
return err
}
// Wait for parent to give the all-clear.
var procSync syncT
if err := json.NewDecoder(pipe).Decode(&procSync); err != nil {
if err == io.EOF {
return fmt.Errorf("parent closed synchronisation channel")
}
if procSync.Type != procRun {
return fmt.Errorf("invalid synchronisation flag from parent")
}
}
return nil
}
// syncParentHooks sends to the given pipe a JSON payload which indicates that
// the parent should execute pre-start hooks. It then waits for the parent to
// indicate that it is cleared to resume.
func syncParentHooks(pipe io.ReadWriter) error {
// Tell parent.
if err := utils.WriteJSON(pipe, syncT{procHooks}); err != nil {
return err
}
// Wait for parent to give the all-clear.
var procSync syncT
if err := json.NewDecoder(pipe).Decode(&procSync); err != nil {
if err == io.EOF {
return fmt.Errorf("parent closed synchronisation channel")
}
if procSync.Type != procResume {
return fmt.Errorf("invalid synchronisation flag from parent")
}
}
return nil
}
// setupUser changes the groups, gid, and uid for the user inside the container
func setupUser(config *initConfig) error {
// Set up defaults.
defaultExecUser := user.ExecUser{
Uid: syscall.Getuid(),
Gid: syscall.Getgid(),
Home: "/",
}
passwdPath, err := user.GetPasswdPath()
if err != nil {
return err
}
groupPath, err := user.GetGroupPath()
if err != nil {
return err
}
execUser, err := user.GetExecUserPath(config.User, &defaultExecUser, passwdPath, groupPath)
if err != nil {
return err
}
var addGroups []int
if len(config.AdditionalGroups) > 0 {
addGroups, err = user.GetAdditionalGroupsPath(config.AdditionalGroups, groupPath)
if err != nil {
return err
}
}
// before we change to the container's user make sure that the processes STDIO
// is correctly owned by the user that we are switching to.
if err := fixStdioPermissions(execUser); err != nil {
return err
}
suppGroups := append(execUser.Sgids, addGroups...)
if err := syscall.Setgroups(suppGroups); err != nil {
return err
}
if err := system.Setgid(execUser.Gid); err != nil {
return err
}
if err := system.Setuid(execUser.Uid); err != nil {
return err
}
// if we didn't get HOME already, set it based on the user's HOME
if envHome := os.Getenv("HOME"); envHome == "" {
if err := os.Setenv("HOME", execUser.Home); err != nil {
return err
}
}
return nil
}
// fixStdioPermissions fixes the permissions of PID 1's STDIO within the container to the specified user.
// The ownership needs to match because it is created outside of the container and needs to be
// localized.
func fixStdioPermissions(u *user.ExecUser) error {
var null syscall.Stat_t
if err := syscall.Stat("/dev/null", &null); err != nil {
return err
}
for _, fd := range []uintptr{
os.Stdin.Fd(),
os.Stderr.Fd(),
os.Stdout.Fd(),
} {
var s syscall.Stat_t
if err := syscall.Fstat(int(fd), &s); err != nil {
return err
}
// skip chown of /dev/null if it was used as one of the STDIO fds.
if s.Rdev == null.Rdev {
continue
}
if err := syscall.Fchown(int(fd), u.Uid, u.Gid); err != nil {
return err
}
}
return nil
}
// setupNetwork sets up and initializes any network interface inside the container.
func setupNetwork(config *initConfig) error {
for _, config := range config.Networks {
strategy, err := getStrategy(config.Type)
if err != nil {
return err
}
if err := strategy.initialize(config); err != nil {
return err
}
}
return nil
}
func setupRoute(config *configs.Config) error {
for _, config := range config.Routes {
_, dst, err := net.ParseCIDR(config.Destination)
if err != nil {
return err
}
src := net.ParseIP(config.Source)
if src == nil {
return fmt.Errorf("Invalid source for route: %s", config.Source)
}
gw := net.ParseIP(config.Gateway)
if gw == nil {
return fmt.Errorf("Invalid gateway for route: %s", config.Gateway)
}
l, err := netlink.LinkByName(config.InterfaceName)
if err != nil {
return err
}
route := &netlink.Route{
Scope: netlink.SCOPE_UNIVERSE,
Dst: dst,
Src: src,
Gw: gw,
LinkIndex: l.Attrs().Index,
}
if err := netlink.RouteAdd(route); err != nil {
return err
}
}
return nil
}
func setupRlimits(limits []configs.Rlimit, pid int) error {
for _, rlimit := range limits {
if err := system.Prlimit(pid, rlimit.Type, syscall.Rlimit{Max: rlimit.Hard, Cur: rlimit.Soft}); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("error setting rlimit type %v: %v", rlimit.Type, err)
}
}
return nil
}
func setOomScoreAdj(oomScoreAdj int, pid int) error {
path := fmt.Sprintf("/proc/%d/oom_score_adj", pid)
return ioutil.WriteFile(path, []byte(strconv.Itoa(oomScoreAdj)), 0600)
}
// killCgroupProcesses freezes then iterates over all the processes inside the
// manager's cgroups sending a SIGKILL to each process then waiting for them to
// exit.
func killCgroupProcesses(m cgroups.Manager) error {
var procs []*os.Process
if err := m.Freeze(configs.Frozen); err != nil {
logrus.Warn(err)
}
pids, err := m.GetAllPids()
if err != nil {
m.Freeze(configs.Thawed)
return err
}
for _, pid := range pids {
p, err := os.FindProcess(pid)
if err != nil {
logrus.Warn(err)
continue
}
procs = append(procs, p)
if err := p.Kill(); err != nil {
logrus.Warn(err)
}
}
if err := m.Freeze(configs.Thawed); err != nil {
logrus.Warn(err)
}
for _, p := range procs {
if _, err := p.Wait(); err != nil {
logrus.Warn(err)
}
}
return nil
}