blob: 44e368e569224106c3a812eccc2fe76fb00226af [file] [log] [blame]
// Package errwrap implements methods to formalize error wrapping in Go.
//
// All of the top-level functions that take an `error` are built to be able
// to take any error, not just wrapped errors. This allows you to use errwrap
// without having to type-check and type-cast everywhere.
package errwrap
import (
"errors"
"reflect"
"strings"
)
// WalkFunc is the callback called for Walk.
type WalkFunc func(error)
// Wrapper is an interface that can be implemented by custom types to
// have all the Contains, Get, etc. functions in errwrap work.
//
// When Walk reaches a Wrapper, it will call the callback for every
// wrapped error in addition to the wrapper itself. Since all the top-level
// functions in errwrap use Walk, this means that all those functions work
// with your custom type.
type Wrapper interface {
WrappedErrors() []error
}
// Wrap defines that outer wraps inner, returning an error type that
// can be cleanly used with the other methods in this package, such as
// Contains, GetAll, etc.
//
// This function won't modify the error message at all (the outer message
// will be used).
func Wrap(outer, inner error) error {
return &wrappedError{
Outer: outer,
Inner: inner,
}
}
// Wrapf wraps an error with a formatting message. This is similar to using
// `fmt.Errorf` to wrap an error. If you're using `fmt.Errorf` to wrap
// errors, you should replace it with this.
//
// format is the format of the error message. The string '{{err}}' will
// be replaced with the original error message.
//
// Deprecated: Use fmt.Errorf()
func Wrapf(format string, err error) error {
outerMsg := "<nil>"
if err != nil {
outerMsg = err.Error()
}
outer := errors.New(strings.Replace(
format, "{{err}}", outerMsg, -1))
return Wrap(outer, err)
}
// Contains checks if the given error contains an error with the
// message msg. If err is not a wrapped error, this will always return
// false unless the error itself happens to match this msg.
func Contains(err error, msg string) bool {
return len(GetAll(err, msg)) > 0
}
// ContainsType checks if the given error contains an error with
// the same concrete type as v. If err is not a wrapped error, this will
// check the err itself.
func ContainsType(err error, v interface{}) bool {
return len(GetAllType(err, v)) > 0
}
// Get is the same as GetAll but returns the deepest matching error.
func Get(err error, msg string) error {
es := GetAll(err, msg)
if len(es) > 0 {
return es[len(es)-1]
}
return nil
}
// GetType is the same as GetAllType but returns the deepest matching error.
func GetType(err error, v interface{}) error {
es := GetAllType(err, v)
if len(es) > 0 {
return es[len(es)-1]
}
return nil
}
// GetAll gets all the errors that might be wrapped in err with the
// given message. The order of the errors is such that the outermost
// matching error (the most recent wrap) is index zero, and so on.
func GetAll(err error, msg string) []error {
var result []error
Walk(err, func(err error) {
if err.Error() == msg {
result = append(result, err)
}
})
return result
}
// GetAllType gets all the errors that are the same type as v.
//
// The order of the return value is the same as described in GetAll.
func GetAllType(err error, v interface{}) []error {
var result []error
var search string
if v != nil {
search = reflect.TypeOf(v).String()
}
Walk(err, func(err error) {
var needle string
if err != nil {
needle = reflect.TypeOf(err).String()
}
if needle == search {
result = append(result, err)
}
})
return result
}
// Walk walks all the wrapped errors in err and calls the callback. If
// err isn't a wrapped error, this will be called once for err. If err
// is a wrapped error, the callback will be called for both the wrapper
// that implements error as well as the wrapped error itself.
func Walk(err error, cb WalkFunc) {
if err == nil {
return
}
switch e := err.(type) {
case *wrappedError:
cb(e.Outer)
Walk(e.Inner, cb)
case Wrapper:
cb(err)
for _, err := range e.WrappedErrors() {
Walk(err, cb)
}
case interface{ Unwrap() error }:
cb(err)
Walk(e.Unwrap(), cb)
default:
cb(err)
}
}
// wrappedError is an implementation of error that has both the
// outer and inner errors.
type wrappedError struct {
Outer error
Inner error
}
func (w *wrappedError) Error() string {
return w.Outer.Error()
}
func (w *wrappedError) WrappedErrors() []error {
return []error{w.Outer, w.Inner}
}
func (w *wrappedError) Unwrap() error {
return w.Inner
}