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  1. 6947259 Merge pull request #245 from dims/update-go-versions-we-test by Kubernetes Prow Robot · 1 year, 1 month ago main
  2. 567ef13 Update to newer golang versions by Davanum Srinivas · 1 year, 1 month ago
  3. 02ca14b Merge pull request #238 from yuzhiquan/fix-nit-for-klog by Kubernetes Prow Robot · 1 year, 2 months ago upstream/v2.9.0
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klog is a permanent fork of

Why was klog created?

The decision to create klog was one that wasn't made lightly, but it was necessary due to some drawbacks that are present in glog. Ultimately, the fork was created due to glog not being under active development; this can be seen in the glog README:

The code in this repo [...] is not itself under development

This makes us unable to solve many use cases without a fork. The factors that contributed to needing feature development are listed below:

  • glog presents a lot “gotchas” and introduces challenges in containerized environments, all of which aren't well documented.
  • glog doesn't provide an easy way to test logs, which detracts from the stability of software using it
  • A long term goal is to implement a logging interface that allows us to add context, change output format, etc.

Historical context is available here:

How to use klog

  • Replace imports for "" with ""
  • Use klog.InitFlags(nil) explicitly for initializing global flags as we no longer use init() method to register the flags
  • You can now use log_file instead of log_dir for logging to a single file (See examples/log_file/usage_log_file.go)
  • If you want to redirect everything logged using klog somewhere else (say syslog!), you can use klog.SetOutput() method and supply a io.Writer. (See examples/set_output/usage_set_output.go)
  • For more logging conventions (See Logging Conventions)

NOTE: please use the newer go versions that support semantic import versioning in modules, ideally go 1.11.4 or greater.

Coexisting with klog/v2

See this example to see how to coexist with both klog/v1 and klog/v2.

Coexisting with glog

This package can be used side by side with glog. This example shows how to initialize and synchronize flags from the global flag.CommandLine FlagSet. In addition, the example makes use of stderr as combined output by setting alsologtostderr (or logtostderr) to true.

Community, discussion, contribution, and support

Learn how to engage with the Kubernetes community on the community page.

You can reach the maintainers of this project at:

Code of conduct

Participation in the Kubernetes community is governed by the Kubernetes Code of Conduct.


Leveled execution logs for Go.

This is an efficient pure Go implementation of leveled logs in the manner of the open source C++ package

By binding methods to booleans it is possible to use the log package without paying the expense of evaluating the arguments to the log. Through the -vmodule flag, the package also provides fine-grained control over logging at the file level.

The comment from glog.go introduces the ideas:

Package glog implements logging analogous to the Google-internal
C++ INFO/ERROR/V setup.  It provides functions Info, Warning,
Error, Fatal, plus formatting variants such as Infof. It
also provides V-style logging controlled by the -v and
-vmodule=file=2 flags.

Basic examples:

	glog.Info("Prepare to repel boarders")

	glog.Fatalf("Initialization failed: %s", err)

See the documentation for the V function for an explanation
of these examples:

	if glog.V(2) {
		glog.Info("Starting transaction...")

	glog.V(2).Infoln("Processed", nItems, "elements")

The repository contains an open source version of the log package used inside Google. The master copy of the source lives inside Google, not here. The code in this repo is for export only and is not itself under development. Feature requests will be ignored.

Send bug reports to