|author||Jessica Clarke <firstname.lastname@example.org>||Wed Jan 12 21:27:16 2022|
|committer||GitHub <email@example.com>||Wed Jan 12 21:27:16 2022|
Use default rather than hard-coded 8 for maximum aggregate member alignment (#1378) On CHERI, and thus Arm's Morello prototype, pointers are represented as hardware capabilities. These capabilities are comprised of not just an integer address, as is the representation for traditional pointers, but also bounds, permissions and other metadata, plus a tag bit used as the validity bit, which provides fine-grained spatial and referential safety for C and C++ in hardware. This tag bit is not part of the data itself and is instead kept on the side, flowing with the capability between registers and the memory subsystem, and any attempt to amplify the privilege of or corrupt a capability clears this tag (or, in some cases, traps), rendering them impossible to forge; you can only create capabilities that are (possibly trivial) subsets of existing ones. When the capability is stored in memory, this tag bit needs to be preserved, which is done through the use of tagged memory. Every capability-sized word gains an additional non-addressable (from the CPU's perspective; depending on the implementation the tag bits may be stored in a small block of memory carved out of normal DRAM that the CPU is blocked from accessing) bit. This means that capabilities can only be stored to aligned locations; attempting to store them to unaligned locations will trap with an alignment fault or, if you end up using a memcpy call, will copy the raw bytes of the capability's representation but lose the tag, so when it is eventually loaded back as a capability and dereferenced it will fault. Since, on 64-bit architectures, our capabilities, used to implement C language pointers, are 128-bit quantities, this means they need 16-byte alignment. Currently the various #pragma pack directives, used to work around (extremely broken and bogus) code that includes jsoncpp in a context where the maximum alignment has been overridden, hard-code 8 as the maximum alignment to use, and so do not sufficiently align CHERI / Morello capabilities on 64-bit architectures. On Windows x64, the default is also not 8 but 16 (ARM64 is supposedly 8), so this is slightly dodgy to do there too, but in practice likely not an issue so long as you don't use any 128-bit types there. Instead of hard-coding a width, use a directive that resets the packing back to the default. Unfortunately, whilst GCC and Clang both accept using #pragma pack(push, 0) as shorthand like for any non-zero value, MSVC does not, so this needs to be two directives.
JSON is a lightweight data-interchange format. It can represent numbers, strings, ordered sequences of values, and collections of name/value pairs.
JsonCpp is a C++ library that allows manipulating JSON values, including serialization and deserialization to and from strings. It can also preserve existing comment in unserialization/serialization steps, making it a convenient format to store user input files.
1.y.zis built with C++11.
0.y.zcan be used with older compilers.
00.11.zcan be used both in old and new compilers.
00.11.zis a new branch, its major version number
00 is to show that it is different from
1.y.z, the main purpose of this branch is to make a balance between the other two branches. Thus, users can use some new features in this new branch that introduced in 1.y.z, but can hardly applied into 0.y.z.
You can download and install JsonCpp using the vcpkg dependency manager:
git clone https://github.com/Microsoft/vcpkg.git cd vcpkg ./bootstrap-vcpkg.sh ./vcpkg integrate install ./vcpkg install jsoncpp
The JsonCpp port in vcpkg is kept up to date by Microsoft team members and community contributors. If the version is out of date, please create an issue or pull request on the vcpkg repository.
If you have trouble, see the Wiki, or post a question as an Issue.
LICENSE file for details. In summary, JsonCpp is licensed under the MIT license, or public domain if desired and recognized in your jurisdiction.