tree: 170127bc110e5e8f4dfe5d326129a4aa9a4b68e7 [path history] [tgz]
  1. _typing_backports.py
  2. analyzer.py
  3. cwriter.py
  4. generators_common.py
  5. interpreter_definition.md
  6. lexer.py
  7. mypy.ini
  8. opcode_id_generator.py
  9. opcode_metadata_generator.py
  10. optimizer_generator.py
  11. parser.py
  12. parsing.py
  13. plexer.py
  14. py_metadata_generator.py
  15. README.md
  16. stack.py
  17. target_generator.py
  18. tier1_generator.py
  19. tier2_generator.py
  20. uop_id_generator.py
  21. uop_metadata_generator.py
Tools/cases_generator/README.md

Tooling to generate interpreters

Documentation for the instruction definitions in Python/bytecodes.c (“the DSL”) is here.

What's currently here:

  • analyzer.py: code for converting AST generated by Parser to more high-level structure for easier interaction
  • lexer.py: lexer for C, originally written by Mark Shannon
  • plexer.py: OO interface on top of lexer.py; main class: PLexer
  • parsing.py: Parser for instruction definition DSL; main class: Parser
  • parser.py helper for interactions with parsing.py
  • tierN_generator.py: a couple of driver scripts to read Python/bytecodes.c and write Python/generated_cases.c.h (and several other files)
  • optimizer_generator.py: reads Python/bytecodes.c and Python/optimizer_bytecodes.c and writes Python/optimizer_cases.c.h
  • stack.py: code to handle generalized stack effects
  • cwriter.py: code which understands tokens and how to format C code; main class: CWriter
  • generators_common.py: helpers for generators
  • opcode_id_generator.py: generate a list of opcodes and write them to Include/opcode_ids.h
  • opcode_metadata_generator.py: reads the instruction definitions and write the metadata to Include/internal/pycore_opcode_metadata.h
  • py_metadata_generator.py: reads the instruction definitions and write the metadata to Lib/_opcode_metadata.py
  • target_generator.py: generate targets for computed goto dispatch and write them to Python/opcode_targets.h
  • uop_id_generator.py: generate a list of uop IDs and write them to Include/internal/pycore_uop_ids.h
  • uop_metadata_generator.py: reads the instruction definitions and write the metadata to Include/internal/pycore_uop_metadata.h

Note that there is some dummy C code at the top and bottom of Python/bytecodes.c to fool text editors like VS Code into believing this is valid C code.

A bit about the parser

The parser class uses a pretty standard recursive descent scheme, but with unlimited backtracking. The PLexer class tokenizes the entire input before parsing starts. We do not run the C preprocessor. Each parsing method returns either an AST node (a Node instance) or None, or raises SyntaxError (showing the error in the C source).

Most parsing methods are decorated with @contextual, which automatically resets the tokenizer input position when None is returned. Parsing methods may also raise SyntaxError, which is irrecoverable. When a parsing method returns None, it is possible that after backtracking a different parsing method returns a valid AST.

Neither the lexer nor the parsers are complete or fully correct. Most known issues are tersely indicated by # TODO: comments. We plan to fix issues as they become relevant.