blob: f5324960c7051175d9cf7b089279a810bcf0f887 [file] [log] [blame]
#!/usr/bin/env python
# Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
"""Flattens a HTML file by inlining its external resources.
This is a small script that takes a HTML file, looks for src attributes
and inlines the specified file, producing one HTML file with no external
dependencies. It recursively inlines the included files.
"""
import os
import re
import sys
import base64
import mimetypes
from grit import lazy_re
from grit import util
# There is a python bug that makes mimetypes crash if the Windows
# registry contains non-Latin keys ( http://bugs.python.org/issue9291
# ). Initing manually and blocking external mime-type databases will
# prevent that bug and if we add svg manually, it will still give us
# the data we need.
mimetypes.init([])
mimetypes.add_type('image/svg+xml', '.svg')
DIST_DEFAULT = 'chromium'
DIST_ENV_VAR = 'CHROMIUM_BUILD'
DIST_SUBSTR = '%DISTRIBUTION%'
# Matches beginning of an "if" block with trailing spaces.
_BEGIN_IF_BLOCK = lazy_re.compile(
'<if [^>]*?expr="(?P<expression>[^"]*)"[^>]*?>\s*')
# Matches ending of an "if" block with preceding spaces.
_END_IF_BLOCK = lazy_re.compile('\s*</if>')
# Used by DoInline to replace various links with inline content.
_STYLESHEET_RE = lazy_re.compile(
'<link rel="stylesheet"[^>]+?href="(?P<filename>[^"]*)".*?>(\s*</link>)?',
re.DOTALL)
_INCLUDE_RE = lazy_re.compile(
'<include[^>]+?src="(?P<filename>[^"\']*)".*?>(\s*</include>)?',
re.DOTALL)
_SRC_RE = lazy_re.compile(
r'<(?!script)(?:[^>]+?\s)src=(?P<quote>")(?!\[\[|{{)(?P<filename>[^"\']*)\1',
re.MULTILINE)
_ICON_RE = lazy_re.compile(
r'<link rel="icon"\s(?:[^>]+?\s)?'
'href=(?P<quote>")(?P<filename>[^"\']*)\1',
re.MULTILINE)
def GetDistribution():
"""Helper function that gets the distribution we are building.
Returns:
string
"""
distribution = DIST_DEFAULT
if DIST_ENV_VAR in os.environ.keys():
distribution = os.environ[DIST_ENV_VAR]
if len(distribution) > 1 and distribution[0] == '_':
distribution = distribution[1:].lower()
return distribution
def SrcInlineAsDataURL(
src_match, base_path, distribution, inlined_files, names_only=False,
filename_expansion_function=None):
"""regex replace function.
Takes a regex match for src="filename", attempts to read the file
at 'filename' and returns the src attribute with the file inlined
as a data URI. If it finds DIST_SUBSTR string in file name, replaces
it with distribution.
Args:
src_match: regex match object with 'filename' and 'quote' named capturing
groups
base_path: path that to look for files in
distribution: string that should replace DIST_SUBSTR
inlined_files: The name of the opened file is appended to this list.
names_only: If true, the function will not read the file but just return "".
It will still add the filename to |inlined_files|.
Returns:
string
"""
filename = src_match.group('filename')
if filename_expansion_function:
filename = filename_expansion_function(filename)
quote = src_match.group('quote')
if filename.find(':') != -1:
# filename is probably a URL, which we don't want to bother inlining
return src_match.group(0)
filename = filename.replace(DIST_SUBSTR , distribution)
filepath = os.path.normpath(os.path.join(base_path, filename))
inlined_files.add(filepath)
if names_only:
return ""
mimetype = mimetypes.guess_type(filename)[0]
if mimetype is None:
raise Exception('%s is of an an unknown type and '
'cannot be stored in a data url.' % filename)
inline_data = base64.standard_b64encode(util.ReadFile(filepath, util.BINARY))
prefix = src_match.string[src_match.start():src_match.start('filename')]
suffix = src_match.string[src_match.end('filename'):src_match.end()]
return '%sdata:%s;base64,%s%s' % (prefix, mimetype, inline_data, suffix)
class InlinedData:
"""Helper class holding the results from DoInline().
Holds the inlined data and the set of filenames of all the inlined
files.
"""
def __init__(self, inlined_data, inlined_files):
self.inlined_data = inlined_data
self.inlined_files = inlined_files
def DoInline(
input_filename, grd_node, allow_external_script=False, names_only=False,
rewrite_function=None, filename_expansion_function=None):
"""Helper function that inlines the resources in a specified file.
Reads input_filename, finds all the src attributes and attempts to
inline the files they are referring to, then returns the result and
the set of inlined files.
Args:
input_filename: name of file to read in
grd_node: html node from the grd file for this include tag
names_only: |nil| will be returned for the inlined contents (faster).
rewrite_function: function(filepath, text, distribution) which will be
called to rewrite html content before inlining images.
filename_expansion_function: function(filename) which will be called to
rewrite filenames before attempting to read them.
Returns:
a tuple of the inlined data as a string and the set of filenames
of all the inlined files
"""
if filename_expansion_function:
input_filename = filename_expansion_function(input_filename)
input_filepath = os.path.dirname(input_filename)
distribution = GetDistribution()
# Keep track of all the files we inline.
inlined_files = set()
def SrcReplace(src_match, filepath=input_filepath,
inlined_files=inlined_files):
"""Helper function to provide SrcInlineAsDataURL with the base file path"""
return SrcInlineAsDataURL(
src_match, filepath, distribution, inlined_files, names_only=names_only,
filename_expansion_function=filename_expansion_function)
def GetFilepath(src_match, base_path = input_filepath):
filename = src_match.group('filename')
if filename.find(':') != -1:
# filename is probably a URL, which we don't want to bother inlining
return None
filename = filename.replace('%DISTRIBUTION%', distribution)
if filename_expansion_function:
filename = filename_expansion_function(filename)
return os.path.normpath(os.path.join(base_path, filename))
def IsConditionSatisfied(src_match):
expression = src_match.group('expression')
return grd_node is None or grd_node.EvaluateCondition(expression)
def CheckConditionalElements(str):
"""Helper function to conditionally inline inner elements"""
while True:
begin_if = _BEGIN_IF_BLOCK.search(str)
if begin_if is None:
if _END_IF_BLOCK.search(str) is not None:
raise Exception('Unmatched </if>')
return str
condition_satisfied = IsConditionSatisfied(begin_if)
leading = str[0:begin_if.start()]
content_start = begin_if.end()
# Find matching "if" block end.
count = 1
pos = begin_if.end()
while True:
end_if = _END_IF_BLOCK.search(str, pos)
if end_if is None:
raise Exception('Unmatched <if>')
next_if = _BEGIN_IF_BLOCK.search(str, pos)
if next_if is None or next_if.start() >= end_if.end():
count = count - 1
if count == 0:
break
pos = end_if.end()
else:
count = count + 1
pos = next_if.end()
content = str[content_start:end_if.start()]
trailing = str[end_if.end():]
if condition_satisfied:
str = leading + CheckConditionalElements(content) + trailing
else:
str = leading + trailing
def InlineFileContents(src_match, pattern, inlined_files=inlined_files):
"""Helper function to inline external files of various types"""
filepath = GetFilepath(src_match)
if filepath is None:
return src_match.group(0)
inlined_files.add(filepath)
if names_only:
inlined_files.update(GetResourceFilenames(
filepath,
allow_external_script,
rewrite_function,
filename_expansion_function=filename_expansion_function))
return ""
return pattern % InlineToString(
filepath, grd_node, allow_external_script,
filename_expansion_function=filename_expansion_function)
def InlineIncludeFiles(src_match):
"""Helper function to directly inline generic external files (without
wrapping them with any kind of tags).
"""
return InlineFileContents(src_match, '%s')
def InlineScript(match):
"""Helper function to inline external script files"""
attrs = (match.group('attrs1') + match.group('attrs2')).strip()
if attrs:
attrs = ' ' + attrs
return InlineFileContents(match, '<script' + attrs + '>%s</script>')
def InlineCSSText(text, css_filepath):
"""Helper function that inlines external resources in CSS text"""
filepath = os.path.dirname(css_filepath)
# Allow custom modifications before inlining images.
if rewrite_function:
text = rewrite_function(filepath, text, distribution)
text = InlineCSSImages(text, filepath)
return InlineCSSImports(text, filepath)
def InlineCSSFile(src_match, pattern, base_path=input_filepath):
"""Helper function to inline external CSS files.
Args:
src_match: A regular expression match with a named group named "filename".
pattern: The pattern to replace with the contents of the CSS file.
base_path: The base path to use for resolving the CSS file.
Returns:
The text that should replace the reference to the CSS file.
"""
filepath = GetFilepath(src_match, base_path)
if filepath is None:
return src_match.group(0)
# Even if names_only is set, the CSS file needs to be opened, because it
# can link to images that need to be added to the file set.
inlined_files.add(filepath)
# When resolving CSS files we need to pass in the path so that relative URLs
# can be resolved.
return pattern % InlineCSSText(util.ReadFile(filepath, util.BINARY),
filepath)
def InlineCSSImages(text, filepath=input_filepath):
"""Helper function that inlines external images in CSS backgrounds."""
# Replace contents of url() for css attributes: content, background,
# or *-image.
return re.sub('(content|background|[\w-]*-image):[^;]*' +
'(url\((?P<quote1>"|\'|)[^"\'()]*(?P=quote1)\)|' +
'image-set\(' +
'([ ]*url\((?P<quote2>"|\'|)[^"\'()]*(?P=quote2)\)' +
'[ ]*[0-9.]*x[ ]*(,[ ]*)?)+\))',
lambda m: InlineCSSUrls(m, filepath),
text)
def InlineCSSUrls(src_match, filepath=input_filepath):
"""Helper function that inlines each url on a CSS image rule match."""
# Replace contents of url() references in matches.
return re.sub('url\((?P<quote>"|\'|)(?P<filename>[^"\'()]*)(?P=quote)\)',
lambda m: SrcReplace(m, filepath),
src_match.group(0))
def InlineCSSImports(text, filepath=input_filepath):
"""Helper function that inlines CSS files included via the @import
directive.
"""
return re.sub('@import\s+url\((?P<quote>"|\'|)(?P<filename>[^"\'()]*)' +
'(?P=quote)\);',
lambda m: InlineCSSFile(m, '%s', filepath),
text)
flat_text = util.ReadFile(input_filename, util.BINARY)
# Check conditional elements, remove unsatisfied ones from the file. We do
# this twice. The first pass is so that we don't even bother calling
# InlineScript, InlineCSSFile and InlineIncludeFiles on text we're eventually
# going to throw out anyway.
flat_text = CheckConditionalElements(flat_text)
if not allow_external_script:
# We need to inline css and js before we inline images so that image
# references gets inlined in the css and js
flat_text = re.sub('<script (?P<attrs1>.*?)src="(?P<filename>[^"\']*)"' +
'(?P<attrs2>.*?)></script>',
InlineScript,
flat_text)
flat_text = _STYLESHEET_RE.sub(
lambda m: InlineCSSFile(m, '<style>%s</style>'),
flat_text)
flat_text = _INCLUDE_RE.sub(InlineIncludeFiles, flat_text)
# Check conditional elements, second pass. This catches conditionals in any
# of the text we just inlined.
flat_text = CheckConditionalElements(flat_text)
# Allow custom modifications before inlining images.
if rewrite_function:
flat_text = rewrite_function(input_filepath, flat_text, distribution)
flat_text = _SRC_RE.sub(SrcReplace, flat_text)
# TODO(arv): Only do this inside <style> tags.
flat_text = InlineCSSImages(flat_text)
flat_text = _ICON_RE.sub(SrcReplace, flat_text)
if names_only:
flat_text = None # Will contains garbage if the flag is set anyway.
return InlinedData(flat_text, inlined_files)
def InlineToString(input_filename, grd_node, allow_external_script=False,
rewrite_function=None, filename_expansion_function=None):
"""Inlines the resources in a specified file and returns it as a string.
Args:
input_filename: name of file to read in
grd_node: html node from the grd file for this include tag
Returns:
the inlined data as a string
"""
try:
return DoInline(
input_filename,
grd_node,
allow_external_script=allow_external_script,
rewrite_function=rewrite_function,
filename_expansion_function=filename_expansion_function).inlined_data
except IOError, e:
raise Exception("Failed to open %s while trying to flatten %s. (%s)" %
(e.filename, input_filename, e.strerror))
def InlineToFile(input_filename, output_filename, grd_node):
"""Inlines the resources in a specified file and writes it.
Reads input_filename, finds all the src attributes and attempts to
inline the files they are referring to, then writes the result
to output_filename.
Args:
input_filename: name of file to read in
output_filename: name of file to be written to
grd_node: html node from the grd file for this include tag
Returns:
a set of filenames of all the inlined files
"""
inlined_data = InlineToString(input_filename, grd_node)
with open(output_filename, 'wb') as out_file:
out_file.writelines(inlined_data)
def GetResourceFilenames(filename,
allow_external_script=False,
rewrite_function=None,
filename_expansion_function=None):
"""For a grd file, returns a set of all the files that would be inline."""
try:
return DoInline(
filename,
None,
names_only=True,
allow_external_script=allow_external_script,
rewrite_function=rewrite_function,
filename_expansion_function=filename_expansion_function).inlined_files
except IOError, e:
raise Exception("Failed to open %s while trying to flatten %s. (%s)" %
(e.filename, filename, e.strerror))
def main():
if len(sys.argv) <= 2:
print "Flattens a HTML file by inlining its external resources.\n"
print "html_inline.py inputfile outputfile"
else:
InlineToFile(sys.argv[1], sys.argv[2], None)
if __name__ == '__main__':
main()