blob: 5b20cdaaf02dee5d7d692fe2ea6a2f27530ff600 [file] [log] [blame]
# -*- coding: Latin-1 -*-
"""pefile, Portable Executable reader module
All the PE file basic structures are available with their default names
as attributes of the instance returned.
Processed elements such as the import table are made available with lowercase
names, to differentiate them from the upper case basic structure names.
pefile has been tested against the limits of valid PE headers, that is, malware.
Lots of packed malware attempt to abuse the format way beyond its standard use.
To the best of my knowledge most of the abuses are handled gracefully.
Copyright (c) 2005-2013 Ero Carrera <ero.carrera@gmail.com>
All rights reserved.
For detailed copyright information see the file COPYING in
the root of the distribution archive.
"""
__revision__ = "$LastChangedRevision$"
__author__ = 'Ero Carrera'
__version__ = '1.2.10-%d' % int( __revision__[21:-2] )
__contact__ = 'ero.carrera@gmail.com'
import os
import struct
import time
import math
import re
import exceptions
import string
import array
import mmap
import ordlookup
sha1, sha256, sha512, md5 = None, None, None, None
try:
import hashlib
sha1 = hashlib.sha1
sha256 = hashlib.sha256
sha512 = hashlib.sha512
md5 = hashlib.md5
except ImportError:
try:
import sha
sha1 = sha.new
except ImportError:
pass
try:
import md5
md5 = md5.new
except ImportError:
pass
try:
enumerate
except NameError:
def enumerate(iter):
L = list(iter)
return zip(range(0, len(L)), L)
def is_bytearray_available():
if isinstance(__builtins__, dict):
return ('bytearray' in __builtins__)
return ('bytearray' in __builtins__.__dict__)
fast_load = False
# This will set a maximum length of a string to be retrieved from the file.
# It's there to prevent loading massive amounts of data from memory mapped
# files. Strings longer than 1MB should be rather rare.
MAX_STRING_LENGTH = 0x100000 # 2^20
IMAGE_DOS_SIGNATURE = 0x5A4D
IMAGE_DOSZM_SIGNATURE = 0x4D5A
IMAGE_NE_SIGNATURE = 0x454E
IMAGE_LE_SIGNATURE = 0x454C
IMAGE_LX_SIGNATURE = 0x584C
IMAGE_TE_SIGNATURE = 0x5A56 # Terse Executables have a 'VZ' signature
IMAGE_NT_SIGNATURE = 0x00004550
IMAGE_NUMBEROF_DIRECTORY_ENTRIES= 16
IMAGE_ORDINAL_FLAG = 0x80000000L
IMAGE_ORDINAL_FLAG64 = 0x8000000000000000L
OPTIONAL_HEADER_MAGIC_PE = 0x10b
OPTIONAL_HEADER_MAGIC_PE_PLUS = 0x20b
directory_entry_types = [
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_EXPORT', 0),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_IMPORT', 1),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_RESOURCE', 2),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_EXCEPTION', 3),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_SECURITY', 4),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_BASERELOC', 5),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_DEBUG', 6),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_COPYRIGHT', 7), # Architecture on non-x86 platforms
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_GLOBALPTR', 8),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_TLS', 9),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_LOAD_CONFIG', 10),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_BOUND_IMPORT', 11),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_IAT', 12),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_DELAY_IMPORT', 13),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_COM_DESCRIPTOR',14),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_RESERVED', 15) ]
DIRECTORY_ENTRY = dict([(e[1], e[0]) for e in directory_entry_types]+directory_entry_types)
image_characteristics = [
('IMAGE_FILE_RELOCS_STRIPPED', 0x0001),
('IMAGE_FILE_EXECUTABLE_IMAGE', 0x0002),
('IMAGE_FILE_LINE_NUMS_STRIPPED', 0x0004),
('IMAGE_FILE_LOCAL_SYMS_STRIPPED', 0x0008),
('IMAGE_FILE_AGGRESIVE_WS_TRIM', 0x0010),
('IMAGE_FILE_LARGE_ADDRESS_AWARE', 0x0020),
('IMAGE_FILE_16BIT_MACHINE', 0x0040),
('IMAGE_FILE_BYTES_REVERSED_LO', 0x0080),
('IMAGE_FILE_32BIT_MACHINE', 0x0100),
('IMAGE_FILE_DEBUG_STRIPPED', 0x0200),
('IMAGE_FILE_REMOVABLE_RUN_FROM_SWAP', 0x0400),
('IMAGE_FILE_NET_RUN_FROM_SWAP', 0x0800),
('IMAGE_FILE_SYSTEM', 0x1000),
('IMAGE_FILE_DLL', 0x2000),
('IMAGE_FILE_UP_SYSTEM_ONLY', 0x4000),
('IMAGE_FILE_BYTES_REVERSED_HI', 0x8000) ]
IMAGE_CHARACTERISTICS = dict([(e[1], e[0]) for e in
image_characteristics]+image_characteristics)
section_characteristics = [
('IMAGE_SCN_TYPE_REG', 0x00000000), # reserved
('IMAGE_SCN_TYPE_DSECT', 0x00000001), # reserved
('IMAGE_SCN_TYPE_NOLOAD', 0x00000002), # reserved
('IMAGE_SCN_TYPE_GROUP', 0x00000004), # reserved
('IMAGE_SCN_TYPE_NO_PAD', 0x00000008), # reserved
('IMAGE_SCN_TYPE_COPY', 0x00000010), # reserved
('IMAGE_SCN_CNT_CODE', 0x00000020),
('IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA', 0x00000040),
('IMAGE_SCN_CNT_UNINITIALIZED_DATA', 0x00000080),
('IMAGE_SCN_LNK_OTHER', 0x00000100),
('IMAGE_SCN_LNK_INFO', 0x00000200),
('IMAGE_SCN_LNK_OVER', 0x00000400), # reserved
('IMAGE_SCN_LNK_REMOVE', 0x00000800),
('IMAGE_SCN_LNK_COMDAT', 0x00001000),
('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_PROTECTED', 0x00004000), # obsolete
('IMAGE_SCN_NO_DEFER_SPEC_EXC', 0x00004000),
('IMAGE_SCN_GPREL', 0x00008000),
('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_FARDATA', 0x00008000),
('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_SYSHEAP', 0x00010000), # obsolete
('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_PURGEABLE', 0x00020000),
('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_16BIT', 0x00020000),
('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_LOCKED', 0x00040000),
('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_PRELOAD', 0x00080000),
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_1BYTES', 0x00100000),
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_2BYTES', 0x00200000),
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_4BYTES', 0x00300000),
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_8BYTES', 0x00400000),
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_16BYTES', 0x00500000), # default alignment
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_32BYTES', 0x00600000),
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_64BYTES', 0x00700000),
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_128BYTES', 0x00800000),
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_256BYTES', 0x00900000),
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_512BYTES', 0x00A00000),
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_1024BYTES', 0x00B00000),
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_2048BYTES', 0x00C00000),
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_4096BYTES', 0x00D00000),
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_8192BYTES', 0x00E00000),
('IMAGE_SCN_ALIGN_MASK', 0x00F00000),
('IMAGE_SCN_LNK_NRELOC_OVFL', 0x01000000),
('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_DISCARDABLE', 0x02000000),
('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_NOT_CACHED', 0x04000000),
('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_NOT_PAGED', 0x08000000),
('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_SHARED', 0x10000000),
('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE', 0x20000000),
('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ', 0x40000000),
('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_WRITE', 0x80000000L) ]
SECTION_CHARACTERISTICS = dict([(e[1], e[0]) for e in
section_characteristics]+section_characteristics)
debug_types = [
('IMAGE_DEBUG_TYPE_UNKNOWN', 0),
('IMAGE_DEBUG_TYPE_COFF', 1),
('IMAGE_DEBUG_TYPE_CODEVIEW', 2),
('IMAGE_DEBUG_TYPE_FPO', 3),
('IMAGE_DEBUG_TYPE_MISC', 4),
('IMAGE_DEBUG_TYPE_EXCEPTION', 5),
('IMAGE_DEBUG_TYPE_FIXUP', 6),
('IMAGE_DEBUG_TYPE_OMAP_TO_SRC', 7),
('IMAGE_DEBUG_TYPE_OMAP_FROM_SRC', 8),
('IMAGE_DEBUG_TYPE_BORLAND', 9),
('IMAGE_DEBUG_TYPE_RESERVED10', 10),
('IMAGE_DEBUG_TYPE_CLSID', 11) ]
DEBUG_TYPE = dict([(e[1], e[0]) for e in debug_types]+debug_types)
subsystem_types = [
('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_UNKNOWN', 0),
('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_NATIVE', 1),
('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_WINDOWS_GUI', 2),
('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_WINDOWS_CUI', 3),
('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_OS2_CUI', 5),
('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_POSIX_CUI', 7),
('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_NATIVE_WINDOWS', 8),
('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_WINDOWS_CE_GUI', 9),
('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_EFI_APPLICATION', 10),
('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_EFI_BOOT_SERVICE_DRIVER', 11),
('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_EFI_RUNTIME_DRIVER', 12),
('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_EFI_ROM', 13),
('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_XBOX', 14),
('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_WINDOWS_BOOT_APPLICATION', 16)]
SUBSYSTEM_TYPE = dict([(e[1], e[0]) for e in subsystem_types]+subsystem_types)
machine_types = [
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_UNKNOWN', 0),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_I386', 0x014c),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_R3000', 0x0162),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_R4000', 0x0166),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_R10000', 0x0168),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_WCEMIPSV2',0x0169),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_ALPHA', 0x0184),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_SH3', 0x01a2),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_SH3DSP', 0x01a3),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_SH3E', 0x01a4),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_SH4', 0x01a6),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_SH5', 0x01a8),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_ARM', 0x01c0),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_THUMB', 0x01c2),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_ARMNT', 0x01c4),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_AM33', 0x01d3),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_POWERPC', 0x01f0),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_POWERPCFP',0x01f1),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_IA64', 0x0200),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_MIPS16', 0x0266),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_ALPHA64', 0x0284),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_AXP64', 0x0284), # same
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_MIPSFPU', 0x0366),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_MIPSFPU16',0x0466),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_TRICORE', 0x0520),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_CEF', 0x0cef),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_EBC', 0x0ebc),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_AMD64', 0x8664),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_M32R', 0x9041),
('IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_CEE', 0xc0ee),
]
MACHINE_TYPE = dict([(e[1], e[0]) for e in machine_types]+machine_types)
relocation_types = [
('IMAGE_REL_BASED_ABSOLUTE', 0),
('IMAGE_REL_BASED_HIGH', 1),
('IMAGE_REL_BASED_LOW', 2),
('IMAGE_REL_BASED_HIGHLOW', 3),
('IMAGE_REL_BASED_HIGHADJ', 4),
('IMAGE_REL_BASED_MIPS_JMPADDR', 5),
('IMAGE_REL_BASED_SECTION', 6),
('IMAGE_REL_BASED_REL', 7),
('IMAGE_REL_BASED_MIPS_JMPADDR16', 9),
('IMAGE_REL_BASED_IA64_IMM64', 9),
('IMAGE_REL_BASED_DIR64', 10),
('IMAGE_REL_BASED_HIGH3ADJ', 11) ]
RELOCATION_TYPE = dict([(e[1], e[0]) for e in relocation_types]+relocation_types)
dll_characteristics = [
('IMAGE_LIBRARY_PROCESS_INIT', 0x0001), # reserved
('IMAGE_LIBRARY_PROCESS_TERM', 0x0002), # reserved
('IMAGE_LIBRARY_THREAD_INIT', 0x0004), # reserved
('IMAGE_LIBRARY_THREAD_TERM', 0x0008), # reserved
('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_HIGH_ENTROPY_VA', 0x0020),
('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_DYNAMIC_BASE', 0x0040),
('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_FORCE_INTEGRITY', 0x0080),
('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_NX_COMPAT', 0x0100),
('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_NO_ISOLATION', 0x0200),
('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_NO_SEH', 0x0400),
('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_NO_BIND', 0x0800),
('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_APPCONTAINER', 0x1000),
('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_WDM_DRIVER', 0x2000),
('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_GUARD_CF', 0x4000),
('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_TERMINAL_SERVER_AWARE', 0x8000) ]
DLL_CHARACTERISTICS = dict([(e[1], e[0]) for e in dll_characteristics]+dll_characteristics)
# Resource types
resource_type = [
('RT_CURSOR', 1),
('RT_BITMAP', 2),
('RT_ICON', 3),
('RT_MENU', 4),
('RT_DIALOG', 5),
('RT_STRING', 6),
('RT_FONTDIR', 7),
('RT_FONT', 8),
('RT_ACCELERATOR', 9),
('RT_RCDATA', 10),
('RT_MESSAGETABLE', 11),
('RT_GROUP_CURSOR', 12),
('RT_GROUP_ICON', 14),
('RT_VERSION', 16),
('RT_DLGINCLUDE', 17),
('RT_PLUGPLAY', 19),
('RT_VXD', 20),
('RT_ANICURSOR', 21),
('RT_ANIICON', 22),
('RT_HTML', 23),
('RT_MANIFEST', 24) ]
RESOURCE_TYPE = dict([(e[1], e[0]) for e in resource_type]+resource_type)
# Language definitions
lang = [
('LANG_NEUTRAL', 0x00),
('LANG_INVARIANT', 0x7f),
('LANG_AFRIKAANS', 0x36),
('LANG_ALBANIAN', 0x1c),
('LANG_ARABIC', 0x01),
('LANG_ARMENIAN', 0x2b),
('LANG_ASSAMESE', 0x4d),
('LANG_AZERI', 0x2c),
('LANG_BASQUE', 0x2d),
('LANG_BELARUSIAN', 0x23),
('LANG_BENGALI', 0x45),
('LANG_BULGARIAN', 0x02),
('LANG_CATALAN', 0x03),
('LANG_CHINESE', 0x04),
('LANG_CROATIAN', 0x1a),
('LANG_CZECH', 0x05),
('LANG_DANISH', 0x06),
('LANG_DIVEHI', 0x65),
('LANG_DUTCH', 0x13),
('LANG_ENGLISH', 0x09),
('LANG_ESTONIAN', 0x25),
('LANG_FAEROESE', 0x38),
('LANG_FARSI', 0x29),
('LANG_FINNISH', 0x0b),
('LANG_FRENCH', 0x0c),
('LANG_GALICIAN', 0x56),
('LANG_GEORGIAN', 0x37),
('LANG_GERMAN', 0x07),
('LANG_GREEK', 0x08),
('LANG_GUJARATI', 0x47),
('LANG_HEBREW', 0x0d),
('LANG_HINDI', 0x39),
('LANG_HUNGARIAN', 0x0e),
('LANG_ICELANDIC', 0x0f),
('LANG_INDONESIAN', 0x21),
('LANG_ITALIAN', 0x10),
('LANG_JAPANESE', 0x11),
('LANG_KANNADA', 0x4b),
('LANG_KASHMIRI', 0x60),
('LANG_KAZAK', 0x3f),
('LANG_KONKANI', 0x57),
('LANG_KOREAN', 0x12),
('LANG_KYRGYZ', 0x40),
('LANG_LATVIAN', 0x26),
('LANG_LITHUANIAN', 0x27),
('LANG_MACEDONIAN', 0x2f),
('LANG_MALAY', 0x3e),
('LANG_MALAYALAM', 0x4c),
('LANG_MANIPURI', 0x58),
('LANG_MARATHI', 0x4e),
('LANG_MONGOLIAN', 0x50),
('LANG_NEPALI', 0x61),
('LANG_NORWEGIAN', 0x14),
('LANG_ORIYA', 0x48),
('LANG_POLISH', 0x15),
('LANG_PORTUGUESE', 0x16),
('LANG_PUNJABI', 0x46),
('LANG_ROMANIAN', 0x18),
('LANG_RUSSIAN', 0x19),
('LANG_SANSKRIT', 0x4f),
('LANG_SERBIAN', 0x1a),
('LANG_SINDHI', 0x59),
('LANG_SLOVAK', 0x1b),
('LANG_SLOVENIAN', 0x24),
('LANG_SPANISH', 0x0a),
('LANG_SWAHILI', 0x41),
('LANG_SWEDISH', 0x1d),
('LANG_SYRIAC', 0x5a),
('LANG_TAMIL', 0x49),
('LANG_TATAR', 0x44),
('LANG_TELUGU', 0x4a),
('LANG_THAI', 0x1e),
('LANG_TURKISH', 0x1f),
('LANG_UKRAINIAN', 0x22),
('LANG_URDU', 0x20),
('LANG_UZBEK', 0x43),
('LANG_VIETNAMESE', 0x2a),
('LANG_GAELIC', 0x3c),
('LANG_MALTESE', 0x3a),
('LANG_MAORI', 0x28),
('LANG_RHAETO_ROMANCE',0x17),
('LANG_SAAMI', 0x3b),
('LANG_SORBIAN', 0x2e),
('LANG_SUTU', 0x30),
('LANG_TSONGA', 0x31),
('LANG_TSWANA', 0x32),
('LANG_VENDA', 0x33),
('LANG_XHOSA', 0x34),
('LANG_ZULU', 0x35),
('LANG_ESPERANTO', 0x8f),
('LANG_WALON', 0x90),
('LANG_CORNISH', 0x91),
('LANG_WELSH', 0x92),
('LANG_BRETON', 0x93) ]
LANG = dict(lang+[(e[1], e[0]) for e in lang])
# Sublanguage definitions
sublang = [
('SUBLANG_NEUTRAL', 0x00),
('SUBLANG_DEFAULT', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_SYS_DEFAULT', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_SAUDI_ARABIA', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_IRAQ', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_EGYPT', 0x03),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_LIBYA', 0x04),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_ALGERIA', 0x05),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_MOROCCO', 0x06),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_TUNISIA', 0x07),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_OMAN', 0x08),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_YEMEN', 0x09),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_SYRIA', 0x0a),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_JORDAN', 0x0b),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_LEBANON', 0x0c),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_KUWAIT', 0x0d),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_UAE', 0x0e),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_BAHRAIN', 0x0f),
('SUBLANG_ARABIC_QATAR', 0x10),
('SUBLANG_AZERI_LATIN', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_AZERI_CYRILLIC', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_CHINESE_TRADITIONAL', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_CHINESE_SIMPLIFIED', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_CHINESE_HONGKONG', 0x03),
('SUBLANG_CHINESE_SINGAPORE', 0x04),
('SUBLANG_CHINESE_MACAU', 0x05),
('SUBLANG_DUTCH', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_DUTCH_BELGIAN', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_ENGLISH_US', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_ENGLISH_UK', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_ENGLISH_AUS', 0x03),
('SUBLANG_ENGLISH_CAN', 0x04),
('SUBLANG_ENGLISH_NZ', 0x05),
('SUBLANG_ENGLISH_EIRE', 0x06),
('SUBLANG_ENGLISH_SOUTH_AFRICA', 0x07),
('SUBLANG_ENGLISH_JAMAICA', 0x08),
('SUBLANG_ENGLISH_CARIBBEAN', 0x09),
('SUBLANG_ENGLISH_BELIZE', 0x0a),
('SUBLANG_ENGLISH_TRINIDAD', 0x0b),
('SUBLANG_ENGLISH_ZIMBABWE', 0x0c),
('SUBLANG_ENGLISH_PHILIPPINES', 0x0d),
('SUBLANG_FRENCH', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_FRENCH_BELGIAN', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_FRENCH_CANADIAN', 0x03),
('SUBLANG_FRENCH_SWISS', 0x04),
('SUBLANG_FRENCH_LUXEMBOURG', 0x05),
('SUBLANG_FRENCH_MONACO', 0x06),
('SUBLANG_GERMAN', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_GERMAN_SWISS', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_GERMAN_AUSTRIAN', 0x03),
('SUBLANG_GERMAN_LUXEMBOURG', 0x04),
('SUBLANG_GERMAN_LIECHTENSTEIN', 0x05),
('SUBLANG_ITALIAN', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_ITALIAN_SWISS', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_KASHMIRI_SASIA', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_KASHMIRI_INDIA', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_KOREAN', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_LITHUANIAN', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_MALAY_MALAYSIA', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_MALAY_BRUNEI_DARUSSALAM', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_NEPALI_INDIA', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_NORWEGIAN_BOKMAL', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_NORWEGIAN_NYNORSK', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_PORTUGUESE', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_PORTUGUESE_BRAZILIAN', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_SERBIAN_LATIN', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_SERBIAN_CYRILLIC', 0x03),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_MEXICAN', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_MODERN', 0x03),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_GUATEMALA', 0x04),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_COSTA_RICA', 0x05),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_PANAMA', 0x06),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_DOMINICAN_REPUBLIC', 0x07),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_VENEZUELA', 0x08),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_COLOMBIA', 0x09),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_PERU', 0x0a),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_ARGENTINA', 0x0b),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_ECUADOR', 0x0c),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_CHILE', 0x0d),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_URUGUAY', 0x0e),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_PARAGUAY', 0x0f),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_BOLIVIA', 0x10),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_EL_SALVADOR', 0x11),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_HONDURAS', 0x12),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_NICARAGUA', 0x13),
('SUBLANG_SPANISH_PUERTO_RICO', 0x14),
('SUBLANG_SWEDISH', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_SWEDISH_FINLAND', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_URDU_PAKISTAN', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_URDU_INDIA', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_UZBEK_LATIN', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_UZBEK_CYRILLIC', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_DUTCH_SURINAM', 0x03),
('SUBLANG_ROMANIAN', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_ROMANIAN_MOLDAVIA', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_RUSSIAN', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_RUSSIAN_MOLDAVIA', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_CROATIAN', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_LITHUANIAN_CLASSIC', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_GAELIC', 0x01),
('SUBLANG_GAELIC_SCOTTISH', 0x02),
('SUBLANG_GAELIC_MANX', 0x03) ]
SUBLANG = dict(sublang+[(e[1], e[0]) for e in sublang])
# Initialize the dictionary with all the name->value pairs
SUBLANG = dict( sublang )
# Now add all the value->name information, handling duplicates appropriately
for sublang_name, sublang_value in sublang:
if SUBLANG.has_key( sublang_value ):
SUBLANG[ sublang_value ].append( sublang_name )
else:
SUBLANG[ sublang_value ] = [ sublang_name ]
# Resolve a sublang name given the main lang name
#
def get_sublang_name_for_lang( lang_value, sublang_value ):
lang_name = LANG.get(lang_value, '*unknown*')
for sublang_name in SUBLANG.get(sublang_value, list()):
# if the main language is a substring of sublang's name, then
# return that
if lang_name in sublang_name:
return sublang_name
# otherwise return the first sublang name
return SUBLANG.get(sublang_value, ['*unknown*'])[0]
# Ange Albertini's code to process resources' strings
#
def parse_strings(data, counter, l):
i = 0
error_count = 0
while i < len(data):
data_slice = data[i:i + 2]
if len(data_slice) < 2:
break
len_ = struct.unpack("<h", data_slice)[0]
i += 2
if len_ != 0 and 0 <= len_*2 <= len(data):
try:
l[counter] = data[i: i + len_ * 2].decode('utf-16')
except UnicodeDecodeError:
error_count += 1
pass
if error_count >= 3:
break
i += len_ * 2
counter += 1
def retrieve_flags(flag_dict, flag_filter):
"""Read the flags from a dictionary and return them in a usable form.
Will return a list of (flag, value) for all flags in "flag_dict"
matching the filter "flag_filter".
"""
return [(f[0], f[1]) for f in flag_dict.items() if
isinstance(f[0], str) and f[0].startswith(flag_filter)]
def set_flags(obj, flag_field, flags):
"""Will process the flags and set attributes in the object accordingly.
The object "obj" will gain attributes named after the flags provided in
"flags" and valued True/False, matching the results of applying each
flag value from "flags" to flag_field.
"""
for flag in flags:
if flag[1] & flag_field:
#setattr(obj, flag[0], True)
obj.__dict__[flag[0]] = True
else:
#setattr(obj, flag[0], False)
obj.__dict__[flag[0]] = False
def power_of_two(val):
return val != 0 and (val & (val-1)) == 0
FILE_ALIGNEMNT_HARDCODED_VALUE = 0x200
FileAlignment_Warning = False # We only want to print the warning once
SectionAlignment_Warning = False # We only want to print the warning once
class UnicodeStringWrapperPostProcessor:
"""This class attempts to help the process of identifying strings
that might be plain Unicode or Pascal. A list of strings will be
wrapped on it with the hope the overlappings will help make the
decision about their type."""
def __init__(self, pe, rva_ptr):
self.pe = pe
self.rva_ptr = rva_ptr
self.string = None
def get_rva(self):
"""Get the RVA of the string."""
return self.rva_ptr
def __str__(self):
"""Return the escaped ASCII representation of the string."""
def convert_char(char):
if char in string.printable:
return char
else:
return r'\x%02x' % ord(char)
if self.string:
return ''.join([convert_char(c) for c in self.string])
return ''
def invalidate(self):
"""Make this instance None, to express it's no known string type."""
self = None
def render_pascal_16(self):
self.string = self.pe.get_string_u_at_rva(
self.rva_ptr+2,
max_length=self.get_pascal_16_length())
def ask_pascal_16(self, next_rva_ptr):
"""The next RVA is taken to be the one immediately following this one.
Such RVA could indicate the natural end of the string and will be checked
with the possible length contained in the first word.
"""
length = self.get_pascal_16_length()
if length == (next_rva_ptr - (self.rva_ptr+2)) / 2:
self.length = length
return True
return False
def get_pascal_16_length(self):
return self.__get_word_value_at_rva(self.rva_ptr)
def __get_word_value_at_rva(self, rva):
try:
data = self.pe.get_data(self.rva_ptr, 2)
except PEFormatError, e:
return False
if len(data)<2:
return False
return struct.unpack('<H', data)[0]
def ask_unicode_16(self, next_rva_ptr):
"""The next RVA is taken to be the one immediately following this one.
Such RVA could indicate the natural end of the string and will be checked
to see if there's a Unicode NULL character there.
"""
if self.__get_word_value_at_rva(next_rva_ptr-2) == 0:
self.length = next_rva_ptr - self.rva_ptr
return True
return False
def render_unicode_16(self):
""""""
self.string = self.pe.get_string_u_at_rva(self.rva_ptr)
class PEFormatError(Exception):
"""Generic PE format error exception."""
def __init__(self, value):
self.value = value
def __str__(self):
return repr(self.value)
class Dump:
"""Convenience class for dumping the PE information."""
def __init__(self):
self.text = list()
def add_lines(self, txt, indent=0):
"""Adds a list of lines.
The list can be indented with the optional argument 'indent'.
"""
for line in txt:
self.add_line(line, indent)
def add_line(self, txt, indent=0):
"""Adds a line.
The line can be indented with the optional argument 'indent'.
"""
self.add(txt+'\n', indent)
def add(self, txt, indent=0):
"""Adds some text, no newline will be appended.
The text can be indented with the optional argument 'indent'.
"""
if isinstance(txt, unicode):
try:
txt = str(txt)
except UnicodeEncodeError:
s = []
for c in txt:
try:
s.append(str(c))
except UnicodeEncodeError:
s.append(repr(c))
txt = ''.join(s)
self.text.append( ' '*indent + txt )
def add_header(self, txt):
"""Adds a header element."""
self.add_line('-'*10+txt+'-'*10+'\n')
def add_newline(self):
"""Adds a newline."""
self.text.append( '\n' )
def get_text(self):
"""Get the text in its current state."""
return ''.join( self.text )
STRUCT_SIZEOF_TYPES = {
'x': 1, 'c': 1, 'b': 1, 'B': 1,
'h': 2, 'H': 2,
'i': 4, 'I': 4, 'l': 4, 'L': 4, 'f': 4,
'q': 8, 'Q': 8, 'd': 8,
's': 1 }
class Structure:
"""Prepare structure object to extract members from data.
Format is a list containing definitions for the elements
of the structure.
"""
def __init__(self, format, name=None, file_offset=None):
# Format is forced little endian, for big endian non Intel platforms
self.__format__ = '<'
self.__keys__ = []
#self.values = {}
self.__format_length__ = 0
self.__field_offsets__ = dict()
self.__set_format__(format[1])
self.__all_zeroes__ = False
self.__unpacked_data_elms__ = None
self.__file_offset__ = file_offset
if name:
self.name = name
else:
self.name = format[0]
def __get_format__(self):
return self.__format__
def get_field_absolute_offset(self, field_name):
"""Return the offset within the field for the requested field in the structure."""
return self.__file_offset__ + self.__field_offsets__[field_name]
def get_field_relative_offset(self, field_name):
"""Return the offset within the structure for the requested field."""
return self.__field_offsets__[field_name]
def get_file_offset(self):
return self.__file_offset__
def set_file_offset(self, offset):
self.__file_offset__ = offset
def all_zeroes(self):
"""Returns true is the unpacked data is all zeros."""
return self.__all_zeroes__
def sizeof_type(self, t):
count = 1
_t = t
if t[0] in string.digits:
# extract the count
count = int( ''.join([d for d in t if d in string.digits]) )
_t = ''.join([d for d in t if d not in string.digits])
return STRUCT_SIZEOF_TYPES[_t] * count
def __set_format__(self, format):
offset = 0
for elm in format:
if ',' in elm:
elm_type, elm_name = elm.split(',', 1)
self.__format__ += elm_type
elm_names = elm_name.split(',')
names = []
for elm_name in elm_names:
if elm_name in self.__keys__:
search_list = [x[:len(elm_name)] for x in self.__keys__]
occ_count = search_list.count(elm_name)
elm_name = elm_name+'_'+str(occ_count)
names.append(elm_name)
self.__field_offsets__[elm_name] = offset
offset += self.sizeof_type(elm_type)
# Some PE header structures have unions on them, so a certain
# value might have different names, so each key has a list of
# all the possible members referring to the data.
self.__keys__.append(names)
self.__format_length__ = struct.calcsize(self.__format__)
def sizeof(self):
"""Return size of the structure."""
return self.__format_length__
def __unpack__(self, data):
if len(data) > self.__format_length__:
data = data[:self.__format_length__]
# OC Patch:
# Some malware have incorrect header lengths.
# Fail gracefully if this occurs
# Buggy malware: a29b0118af8b7408444df81701ad5a7f
#
elif len(data) < self.__format_length__:
raise PEFormatError('Data length less than expected header length.')
if data.count(chr(0)) == len(data):
self.__all_zeroes__ = True
self.__unpacked_data_elms__ = struct.unpack(self.__format__, data)
for i in xrange(len(self.__unpacked_data_elms__)):
for key in self.__keys__[i]:
#self.values[key] = self.__unpacked_data_elms__[i]
setattr(self, key, self.__unpacked_data_elms__[i])
def __pack__(self):
new_values = []
for i in xrange(len(self.__unpacked_data_elms__)):
for key in self.__keys__[i]:
new_val = getattr(self, key)
old_val = self.__unpacked_data_elms__[i]
# In the case of Unions, when the first changed value
# is picked the loop is exited
if new_val != old_val:
break
new_values.append(new_val)
return struct.pack(self.__format__, *new_values)
def __str__(self):
return '\n'.join( self.dump() )
def __repr__(self):
return '<Structure: %s>' % (' '.join( [' '.join(s.split()) for s in self.dump()] ))
def dump(self, indentation=0):
"""Returns a string representation of the structure."""
dump = []
dump.append('[%s]' % self.name)
# Refer to the __set_format__ method for an explanation
# of the following construct.
for keys in self.__keys__:
for key in keys:
val = getattr(self, key)
if isinstance(val, int) or isinstance(val, long):
val_str = '0x%-8X' % (val)
if key == 'TimeDateStamp' or key == 'dwTimeStamp':
try:
val_str += ' [%s UTC]' % time.asctime(time.gmtime(val))
except exceptions.ValueError, e:
val_str += ' [INVALID TIME]'
else:
val_str = ''.join(filter(lambda c:c != '\0', str(val)))
dump.append('0x%-8X 0x%-3X %-30s %s' % (
self.__field_offsets__[key] + self.__file_offset__,
self.__field_offsets__[key], key+':', val_str))
return dump
def dump_dict(self):
"""Returns a dictionary representation of the structure."""
dump_dict = dict()
dump_dict['Structure'] = self.name
# Refer to the __set_format__ method for an explanation
# of the following construct.
for keys in self.__keys__:
for key in keys:
val = getattr(self, key)
if isinstance(val, int) or isinstance(val, long):
if key == 'TimeDateStamp' or key == 'dwTimeStamp':
try:
val = '0x%-8X [%s UTC]' % (val, time.asctime(time.gmtime(val)))
except exceptions.ValueError, e:
val = '0x%-8X [INVALID TIME]' % val
else:
val = ''.join(filter(lambda c:c != '\0', str(val)))
dump_dict[key] = {'FileOffset': self.__field_offsets__[key] + self.__file_offset__,
'Offset': self.__field_offsets__[key],
'Value': val}
return dump_dict
class SectionStructure(Structure):
"""Convenience section handling class."""
def __init__(self, *argl, **argd):
if 'pe' in argd:
self.pe = argd['pe']
del argd['pe']
Structure.__init__(self, *argl, **argd)
def get_data(self, start=None, length=None):
"""Get data chunk from a section.
Allows to query data from the section by passing the
addresses where the PE file would be loaded by default.
It is then possible to retrieve code and data by its real
addresses as it would be if loaded.
"""
PointerToRawData_adj = self.pe.adjust_FileAlignment( self.PointerToRawData,
self.pe.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment )
VirtualAddress_adj = self.pe.adjust_SectionAlignment( self.VirtualAddress,
self.pe.OPTIONAL_HEADER.SectionAlignment, self.pe.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment )
if start is None:
offset = PointerToRawData_adj
else:
offset = ( start - VirtualAddress_adj ) + PointerToRawData_adj
if length is not None:
end = offset + length
else:
end = offset + self.SizeOfRawData
# PointerToRawData is not adjusted here as we might want to read any possible extra bytes
# that might get cut off by aligning the start (and hence cutting something off the end)
#
if end > self.PointerToRawData + self.SizeOfRawData:
end = self.PointerToRawData + self.SizeOfRawData
return self.pe.__data__[offset:end]
def __setattr__(self, name, val):
if name == 'Characteristics':
section_flags = retrieve_flags(SECTION_CHARACTERISTICS, 'IMAGE_SCN_')
# Set the section's flags according the the Characteristics member
set_flags(self, val, section_flags)
elif 'IMAGE_SCN_' in name and hasattr(self, name):
if val:
self.__dict__['Characteristics'] |= SECTION_CHARACTERISTICS[name]
else:
self.__dict__['Characteristics'] ^= SECTION_CHARACTERISTICS[name]
self.__dict__[name] = val
def get_rva_from_offset(self, offset):
return offset - self.pe.adjust_FileAlignment( self.PointerToRawData,
self.pe.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment ) + self.pe.adjust_SectionAlignment( self.VirtualAddress,
self.pe.OPTIONAL_HEADER.SectionAlignment, self.pe.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment )
def get_offset_from_rva(self, rva):
return (rva -
self.pe.adjust_SectionAlignment(
self.VirtualAddress,
self.pe.OPTIONAL_HEADER.SectionAlignment,
self.pe.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment )
) + self.pe.adjust_FileAlignment(
self.PointerToRawData,
self.pe.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment )
def contains_offset(self, offset):
"""Check whether the section contains the file offset provided."""
if self.PointerToRawData is None:
# bss and other sections containing only uninitialized data must have 0
# and do not take space in the file
return False
return ( self.pe.adjust_FileAlignment( self.PointerToRawData,
self.pe.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment ) <=
offset <
self.pe.adjust_FileAlignment( self.PointerToRawData,
self.pe.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment ) +
self.SizeOfRawData )
def contains_rva(self, rva):
"""Check whether the section contains the address provided."""
# Check if the SizeOfRawData is realistic. If it's bigger than the size of
# the whole PE file minus the start address of the section it could be
# either truncated or the SizeOfRawData contain a misleading value.
# In either of those cases we take the VirtualSize
#
if len(self.pe.__data__) - self.pe.adjust_FileAlignment( self.PointerToRawData,
self.pe.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment ) < self.SizeOfRawData:
# PECOFF documentation v8 says:
# VirtualSize: The total size of the section when loaded into memory.
# If this value is greater than SizeOfRawData, the section is zero-padded.
# This field is valid only for executable images and should be set to zero
# for object files.
#
size = self.Misc_VirtualSize
else:
size = max(self.SizeOfRawData, self.Misc_VirtualSize)
VirtualAddress_adj = self.pe.adjust_SectionAlignment( self.VirtualAddress,
self.pe.OPTIONAL_HEADER.SectionAlignment, self.pe.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment )
# Check whether there's any section after the current one that starts before the
# calculated end for the current one, if so, cut the current section's size
# to fit in the range up to where the next section starts.
if (self.next_section_virtual_address is not None and
self.next_section_virtual_address > self.VirtualAddress and
VirtualAddress_adj + size > self.next_section_virtual_address):
size = self.next_section_virtual_address - VirtualAddress_adj
return VirtualAddress_adj <= rva < VirtualAddress_adj + size
def contains(self, rva):
#print "DEPRECATION WARNING: you should use contains_rva() instead of contains()"
return self.contains_rva(rva)
def get_entropy(self):
"""Calculate and return the entropy for the section."""
return self.entropy_H( self.get_data() )
def get_hash_sha1(self):
"""Get the SHA-1 hex-digest of the section's data."""
if sha1 is not None:
return sha1( self.get_data() ).hexdigest()
def get_hash_sha256(self):
"""Get the SHA-256 hex-digest of the section's data."""
if sha256 is not None:
return sha256( self.get_data() ).hexdigest()
def get_hash_sha512(self):
"""Get the SHA-512 hex-digest of the section's data."""
if sha512 is not None:
return sha512( self.get_data() ).hexdigest()
def get_hash_md5(self):
"""Get the MD5 hex-digest of the section's data."""
if md5 is not None:
return md5( self.get_data() ).hexdigest()
def entropy_H(self, data):
"""Calculate the entropy of a chunk of data."""
if len(data) == 0:
return 0.0
occurences = array.array('L', [0]*256)
for x in data:
occurences[ord(x)] += 1
entropy = 0
for x in occurences:
if x:
p_x = float(x) / len(data)
entropy -= p_x*math.log(p_x, 2)
return entropy
class DataContainer(object):
"""Generic data container."""
def __init__(self, **args):
bare_setattr = super(DataContainer, self).__setattr__
for key, value in args.items():
bare_setattr(key, value)
class ImportDescData(DataContainer):
"""Holds import descriptor information.
dll: name of the imported DLL
imports: list of imported symbols (ImportData instances)
struct: IMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR structure
"""
class ImportData(DataContainer):
"""Holds imported symbol's information.
ordinal: Ordinal of the symbol
name: Name of the symbol
bound: If the symbol is bound, this contains
the address.
"""
def __setattr__(self, name, val):
# If the instance doesn't yet have an ordinal attribute
# it's not fully initialized so can't do any of the
# following
#
if hasattr(self, 'ordinal') and hasattr(self, 'bound') and hasattr(self, 'name'):
if name == 'ordinal':
if self.pe.PE_TYPE == OPTIONAL_HEADER_MAGIC_PE:
ordinal_flag = IMAGE_ORDINAL_FLAG
elif self.pe.PE_TYPE == OPTIONAL_HEADER_MAGIC_PE_PLUS:
ordinal_flag = IMAGE_ORDINAL_FLAG64
# Set the ordinal and flag the entry as importing by ordinal
self.struct_table.Ordinal = ordinal_flag | (val & 0xffff)
self.struct_table.AddressOfData = self.struct_table.Ordinal
self.struct_table.Function = self.struct_table.Ordinal
self.struct_table.ForwarderString = self.struct_table.Ordinal
elif name == 'bound':
if self.struct_iat is not None:
self.struct_iat.AddressOfData = val
self.struct_iat.AddressOfData = self.struct_iat.AddressOfData
self.struct_iat.Function = self.struct_iat.AddressOfData
self.struct_iat.ForwarderString = self.struct_iat.AddressOfData
elif name == 'address':
self.struct_table.AddressOfData = val
self.struct_table.Ordinal = self.struct_table.AddressOfData
self.struct_table.Function = self.struct_table.AddressOfData
self.struct_table.ForwarderString = self.struct_table.AddressOfData
elif name == 'name':
# Make sure we reset the entry in case the import had been set to import by ordinal
if self.name_offset:
name_rva = self.pe.get_rva_from_offset( self.name_offset )
self.pe.set_dword_at_offset( self.ordinal_offset, (0<<31) | name_rva )
# Complain if the length of the new name is longer than the existing one
if len(val) > len(self.name):
#raise Exception('The export name provided is longer than the existing one.')
pass
self.pe.set_bytes_at_offset( self.name_offset, val )
self.__dict__[name] = val
class ExportDirData(DataContainer):
"""Holds export directory information.
struct: IMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY structure
symbols: list of exported symbols (ExportData instances)
"""
class ExportData(DataContainer):
"""Holds exported symbols' information.
ordinal: ordinal of the symbol
address: address of the symbol
name: name of the symbol (None if the symbol is
exported by ordinal only)
forwarder: if the symbol is forwarded it will
contain the name of the target symbol,
None otherwise.
"""
def __setattr__(self, name, val):
# If the instance doesn't yet have an ordinal attribute
# it's not fully initialized so can't do any of the
# following
#
if hasattr(self, 'ordinal') and hasattr(self, 'address') and hasattr(self, 'forwarder') and hasattr(self, 'name'):
if name == 'ordinal':
self.pe.set_word_at_offset( self.ordinal_offset, val )
elif name == 'address':
self.pe.set_dword_at_offset( self.address_offset, val )
elif name == 'name':
# Complain if the length of the new name is longer than the existing one
if len(val) > len(self.name):
#raise Exception('The export name provided is longer than the existing one.')
pass
self.pe.set_bytes_at_offset( self.name_offset, val )
elif name == 'forwarder':
# Complain if the length of the new name is longer than the existing one
if len(val) > len(self.forwarder):
#raise Exception('The forwarder name provided is longer than the existing one.')
pass
self.pe.set_bytes_at_offset( self.forwarder_offset, val )
self.__dict__[name] = val
class ResourceDirData(DataContainer):
"""Holds resource directory information.
struct: IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY structure
entries: list of entries (ResourceDirEntryData instances)
"""
class ResourceDirEntryData(DataContainer):
"""Holds resource directory entry data.
struct: IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY structure
name: If the resource is identified by name this
attribute will contain the name string. None
otherwise. If identified by id, the id is
available at 'struct.Id'
id: the id, also in struct.Id
directory: If this entry has a lower level directory
this attribute will point to the
ResourceDirData instance representing it.
data: If this entry has no further lower directories
and points to the actual resource data, this
attribute will reference the corresponding
ResourceDataEntryData instance.
(Either of the 'directory' or 'data' attribute will exist,
but not both.)
"""
class ResourceDataEntryData(DataContainer):
"""Holds resource data entry information.
struct: IMAGE_RESOURCE_DATA_ENTRY structure
lang: Primary language ID
sublang: Sublanguage ID
"""
class DebugData(DataContainer):
"""Holds debug information.
struct: IMAGE_DEBUG_DIRECTORY structure
"""
class BaseRelocationData(DataContainer):
"""Holds base relocation information.
struct: IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION structure
entries: list of relocation data (RelocationData instances)
"""
class RelocationData(DataContainer):
"""Holds relocation information.
type: Type of relocation
The type string is can be obtained by
RELOCATION_TYPE[type]
rva: RVA of the relocation
"""
def __setattr__(self, name, val):
# If the instance doesn't yet have a struct attribute
# it's not fully initialized so can't do any of the
# following
#
if hasattr(self, 'struct'):
# Get the word containing the type and data
#
word = self.struct.Data
if name == 'type':
word = (val << 12) | (word & 0xfff)
elif name == 'rva':
offset = val-self.base_rva
if offset < 0:
offset = 0
word = ( word & 0xf000) | ( offset & 0xfff)
# Store the modified data
#
self.struct.Data = word
self.__dict__[name] = val
class TlsData(DataContainer):
"""Holds TLS information.
struct: IMAGE_TLS_DIRECTORY structure
"""
class BoundImportDescData(DataContainer):
"""Holds bound import descriptor data.
This directory entry will provide with information on the
DLLs this PE files has been bound to (if bound at all).
The structure will contain the name and timestamp of the
DLL at the time of binding so that the loader can know
whether it differs from the one currently present in the
system and must, therefore, re-bind the PE's imports.
struct: IMAGE_BOUND_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR structure
name: DLL name
entries: list of entries (BoundImportRefData instances)
the entries will exist if this DLL has forwarded
symbols. If so, the destination DLL will have an
entry in this list.
"""
class LoadConfigData(DataContainer):
"""Holds Load Config data.
struct: IMAGE_LOAD_CONFIG_DIRECTORY structure
name: dll name
"""
class BoundImportRefData(DataContainer):
"""Holds bound import forwarder reference data.
Contains the same information as the bound descriptor but
for forwarded DLLs, if any.
struct: IMAGE_BOUND_FORWARDER_REF structure
name: dll name
"""
# Valid FAT32 8.3 short filename characters according to:
# http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8.3_filename
# This will help decide whether DLL ASCII names are likely
# to be valid or otherwise corrupt data
#
# The filename length is not checked because the DLLs filename
# can be longer that the 8.3
allowed_filename = string.lowercase + string.uppercase + string.digits + "!#$%&'()-@^_`{}~+,.;=[]" + ''.join( [chr(i) for i in range(128, 256)] )
def is_valid_dos_filename(s):
if s is None or not isinstance(s, str):
return False
for c in s:
if c not in allowed_filename:
return False
return True
# Check if a imported name uses the valid accepted characters expected in mangled
# function names. If the symbol's characters don't fall within this charset
# we will assume the name is invalid
#
allowed_function_name = string.lowercase + string.uppercase + string.digits + '_?@$()'
def is_valid_function_name(s):
if s is None or not isinstance(s, str):
return False
for c in s:
if c not in allowed_function_name:
return False
return True
class PE:
"""A Portable Executable representation.
This class provides access to most of the information in a PE file.
It expects to be supplied the name of the file to load or PE data
to process and an optional argument 'fast_load' (False by default)
which controls whether to load all the directories information,
which can be quite time consuming.
pe = pefile.PE('module.dll')
pe = pefile.PE(name='module.dll')
would load 'module.dll' and process it. If the data would be already
available in a buffer the same could be achieved with:
pe = pefile.PE(data=module_dll_data)
The "fast_load" can be set to a default by setting its value in the
module itself by means, for instance, of a "pefile.fast_load = True".
That will make all the subsequent instances not to load the
whole PE structure. The "full_load" method can be used to parse
the missing data at a later stage.
Basic headers information will be available in the attributes:
DOS_HEADER
NT_HEADERS
FILE_HEADER
OPTIONAL_HEADER
All of them will contain among their attributes the members of the
corresponding structures as defined in WINNT.H
The raw data corresponding to the header (from the beginning of the
file up to the start of the first section) will be available in the
instance's attribute 'header' as a string.
The sections will be available as a list in the 'sections' attribute.
Each entry will contain as attributes all the structure's members.
Directory entries will be available as attributes (if they exist):
(no other entries are processed at this point)
DIRECTORY_ENTRY_IMPORT (list of ImportDescData instances)
DIRECTORY_ENTRY_EXPORT (ExportDirData instance)
DIRECTORY_ENTRY_RESOURCE (ResourceDirData instance)
DIRECTORY_ENTRY_DEBUG (list of DebugData instances)
DIRECTORY_ENTRY_BASERELOC (list of BaseRelocationData instances)
DIRECTORY_ENTRY_TLS
DIRECTORY_ENTRY_BOUND_IMPORT (list of BoundImportData instances)
The following dictionary attributes provide ways of mapping different
constants. They will accept the numeric value and return the string
representation and the opposite, feed in the string and get the
numeric constant:
DIRECTORY_ENTRY
IMAGE_CHARACTERISTICS
SECTION_CHARACTERISTICS
DEBUG_TYPE
SUBSYSTEM_TYPE
MACHINE_TYPE
RELOCATION_TYPE
RESOURCE_TYPE
LANG
SUBLANG
"""
#
# Format specifications for PE structures.
#
__IMAGE_DOS_HEADER_format__ = ('IMAGE_DOS_HEADER',
('H,e_magic', 'H,e_cblp', 'H,e_cp',
'H,e_crlc', 'H,e_cparhdr', 'H,e_minalloc',
'H,e_maxalloc', 'H,e_ss', 'H,e_sp', 'H,e_csum',
'H,e_ip', 'H,e_cs', 'H,e_lfarlc', 'H,e_ovno', '8s,e_res',
'H,e_oemid', 'H,e_oeminfo', '20s,e_res2',
'I,e_lfanew'))
__IMAGE_FILE_HEADER_format__ = ('IMAGE_FILE_HEADER',
('H,Machine', 'H,NumberOfSections',
'I,TimeDateStamp', 'I,PointerToSymbolTable',
'I,NumberOfSymbols', 'H,SizeOfOptionalHeader',
'H,Characteristics'))
__IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY_format__ = ('IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY',
('I,VirtualAddress', 'I,Size'))
__IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER_format__ = ('IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER',
('H,Magic', 'B,MajorLinkerVersion',
'B,MinorLinkerVersion', 'I,SizeOfCode',
'I,SizeOfInitializedData', 'I,SizeOfUninitializedData',
'I,AddressOfEntryPoint', 'I,BaseOfCode', 'I,BaseOfData',
'I,ImageBase', 'I,SectionAlignment', 'I,FileAlignment',
'H,MajorOperatingSystemVersion', 'H,MinorOperatingSystemVersion',
'H,MajorImageVersion', 'H,MinorImageVersion',
'H,MajorSubsystemVersion', 'H,MinorSubsystemVersion',
'I,Reserved1', 'I,SizeOfImage', 'I,SizeOfHeaders',
'I,CheckSum', 'H,Subsystem', 'H,DllCharacteristics',
'I,SizeOfStackReserve', 'I,SizeOfStackCommit',
'I,SizeOfHeapReserve', 'I,SizeOfHeapCommit',
'I,LoaderFlags', 'I,NumberOfRvaAndSizes' ))
__IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER64_format__ = ('IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER64',
('H,Magic', 'B,MajorLinkerVersion',
'B,MinorLinkerVersion', 'I,SizeOfCode',
'I,SizeOfInitializedData', 'I,SizeOfUninitializedData',
'I,AddressOfEntryPoint', 'I,BaseOfCode',
'Q,ImageBase', 'I,SectionAlignment', 'I,FileAlignment',
'H,MajorOperatingSystemVersion', 'H,MinorOperatingSystemVersion',
'H,MajorImageVersion', 'H,MinorImageVersion',
'H,MajorSubsystemVersion', 'H,MinorSubsystemVersion',
'I,Reserved1', 'I,SizeOfImage', 'I,SizeOfHeaders',
'I,CheckSum', 'H,Subsystem', 'H,DllCharacteristics',
'Q,SizeOfStackReserve', 'Q,SizeOfStackCommit',
'Q,SizeOfHeapReserve', 'Q,SizeOfHeapCommit',
'I,LoaderFlags', 'I,NumberOfRvaAndSizes' ))
__IMAGE_NT_HEADERS_format__ = ('IMAGE_NT_HEADERS', ('I,Signature',))
__IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER_format__ = ('IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER',
('8s,Name', 'I,Misc,Misc_PhysicalAddress,Misc_VirtualSize',
'I,VirtualAddress', 'I,SizeOfRawData', 'I,PointerToRawData',
'I,PointerToRelocations', 'I,PointerToLinenumbers',
'H,NumberOfRelocations', 'H,NumberOfLinenumbers',
'I,Characteristics'))
__IMAGE_DELAY_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR_format__ = ('IMAGE_DELAY_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR',
('I,grAttrs', 'I,szName', 'I,phmod', 'I,pIAT', 'I,pINT',
'I,pBoundIAT', 'I,pUnloadIAT', 'I,dwTimeStamp'))
__IMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR_format__ = ('IMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR',
('I,OriginalFirstThunk,Characteristics',
'I,TimeDateStamp', 'I,ForwarderChain', 'I,Name', 'I,FirstThunk'))
__IMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY_format__ = ('IMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY',
('I,Characteristics',
'I,TimeDateStamp', 'H,MajorVersion', 'H,MinorVersion', 'I,Name',
'I,Base', 'I,NumberOfFunctions', 'I,NumberOfNames',
'I,AddressOfFunctions', 'I,AddressOfNames', 'I,AddressOfNameOrdinals'))
__IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY_format__ = ('IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY',
('I,Characteristics',
'I,TimeDateStamp', 'H,MajorVersion', 'H,MinorVersion',
'H,NumberOfNamedEntries', 'H,NumberOfIdEntries'))
__IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_format__ = ('IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY',
('I,Name',
'I,OffsetToData'))
__IMAGE_RESOURCE_DATA_ENTRY_format__ = ('IMAGE_RESOURCE_DATA_ENTRY',
('I,OffsetToData', 'I,Size', 'I,CodePage', 'I,Reserved'))
__VS_VERSIONINFO_format__ = ( 'VS_VERSIONINFO',
('H,Length', 'H,ValueLength', 'H,Type' ))
__VS_FIXEDFILEINFO_format__ = ( 'VS_FIXEDFILEINFO',
('I,Signature', 'I,StrucVersion', 'I,FileVersionMS', 'I,FileVersionLS',
'I,ProductVersionMS', 'I,ProductVersionLS', 'I,FileFlagsMask', 'I,FileFlags',
'I,FileOS', 'I,FileType', 'I,FileSubtype', 'I,FileDateMS', 'I,FileDateLS'))
__StringFileInfo_format__ = ( 'StringFileInfo',
('H,Length', 'H,ValueLength', 'H,Type' ))
__StringTable_format__ = ( 'StringTable',
('H,Length', 'H,ValueLength', 'H,Type' ))
__String_format__ = ( 'String',
('H,Length', 'H,ValueLength', 'H,Type' ))
__Var_format__ = ( 'Var', ('H,Length', 'H,ValueLength', 'H,Type' ))
__IMAGE_THUNK_DATA_format__ = ('IMAGE_THUNK_DATA',
('I,ForwarderString,Function,Ordinal,AddressOfData',))
__IMAGE_THUNK_DATA64_format__ = ('IMAGE_THUNK_DATA',
('Q,ForwarderString,Function,Ordinal,AddressOfData',))
__IMAGE_DEBUG_DIRECTORY_format__ = ('IMAGE_DEBUG_DIRECTORY',
('I,Characteristics', 'I,TimeDateStamp', 'H,MajorVersion',
'H,MinorVersion', 'I,Type', 'I,SizeOfData', 'I,AddressOfRawData',
'I,PointerToRawData'))
__IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION_format__ = ('IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION',
('I,VirtualAddress', 'I,SizeOfBlock') )
__IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION_ENTRY_format__ = ('IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION_ENTRY',
('H,Data',) )
__IMAGE_TLS_DIRECTORY_format__ = ('IMAGE_TLS_DIRECTORY',
('I,StartAddressOfRawData', 'I,EndAddressOfRawData',
'I,AddressOfIndex', 'I,AddressOfCallBacks',
'I,SizeOfZeroFill', 'I,Characteristics' ) )
__IMAGE_TLS_DIRECTORY64_format__ = ('IMAGE_TLS_DIRECTORY',
('Q,StartAddressOfRawData', 'Q,EndAddressOfRawData',
'Q,AddressOfIndex', 'Q,AddressOfCallBacks',
'I,SizeOfZeroFill', 'I,Characteristics' ) )
__IMAGE_LOAD_CONFIG_DIRECTORY_format__ = ('IMAGE_LOAD_CONFIG_DIRECTORY',
('I,Size',
'I,TimeDateStamp',
'H,MajorVersion',
'H,MinorVersion',
'I,GlobalFlagsClear',
'I,GlobalFlagsSet',
'I,CriticalSectionDefaultTimeout',
'I,DeCommitFreeBlockThreshold',
'I,DeCommitTotalFreeThreshold',
'I,LockPrefixTable',
'I,MaximumAllocationSize',
'I,VirtualMemoryThreshold',
'I,ProcessHeapFlags',
'I,ProcessAffinityMask',
'H,CSDVersion',
'H,Reserved1',
'I,EditList',
'I,SecurityCookie',
'I,SEHandlerTable',
'I,SEHandlerCount',
'I,GuardCFCheckFunctionPointer',
'I,Reserved2',
'I,GuardCFFunctionTable',
'I,GuardCFFunctionCount',
'I,GuardFlags' ) )
__IMAGE_LOAD_CONFIG_DIRECTORY64_format__ = ('IMAGE_LOAD_CONFIG_DIRECTORY',
('I,Size',
'I,TimeDateStamp',
'H,MajorVersion',
'H,MinorVersion',
'I,GlobalFlagsClear',
'I,GlobalFlagsSet',
'I,CriticalSectionDefaultTimeout',
'Q,DeCommitFreeBlockThreshold',
'Q,DeCommitTotalFreeThreshold',
'Q,LockPrefixTable',
'Q,MaximumAllocationSize',
'Q,VirtualMemoryThreshold',
'Q,ProcessAffinityMask',
'I,ProcessHeapFlags',
'H,CSDVersion',
'H,Reserved1',
'Q,EditList',
'Q,SecurityCookie',
'Q,SEHandlerTable',
'Q,SEHandlerCount',
'Q,GuardCFCheckFunctionPointer',
'Q,Reserved2',
'Q,GuardCFFunctionTable',
'Q,GuardCFFunctionCount',
'I,GuardFlags' ) )
__IMAGE_BOUND_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR_format__ = ('IMAGE_BOUND_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR',
('I,TimeDateStamp', 'H,OffsetModuleName', 'H,NumberOfModuleForwarderRefs'))
__IMAGE_BOUND_FORWARDER_REF_format__ = ('IMAGE_BOUND_FORWARDER_REF',
('I,TimeDateStamp', 'H,OffsetModuleName', 'H,Reserved') )
def __init__(self, name=None, data=None, fast_load=None):
self.sections = []
self.__warnings = []
self.PE_TYPE = None
if not name and not data:
return
# This list will keep track of all the structures created.
# That will allow for an easy iteration through the list
# in order to save the modifications made
self.__structures__ = []
self.__from_file = None
if not fast_load:
fast_load = globals()['fast_load']
try:
self.__parse__(name, data, fast_load)
except:
self.close()
raise
def close(self):
if ( self.__from_file is True and hasattr(self, '__data__') and
((isinstance(mmap.mmap, type) and isinstance(self.__data__, mmap.mmap)) or
'mmap.mmap' in repr(type(self.__data__))) ):
self.__data__.close()
def __unpack_data__(self, format, data, file_offset):
"""Apply structure format to raw data.
Returns and unpacked structure object if successful, None otherwise.
"""
structure = Structure(format, file_offset=file_offset)
try:
structure.__unpack__(data)
except PEFormatError, err:
self.__warnings.append(
'Corrupt header "%s" at file offset %d. Exception: %s' % (
format[0], file_offset, str(err)) )
return None
self.__structures__.append(structure)
return structure
def __parse__(self, fname, data, fast_load):
"""Parse a Portable Executable file.
Loads a PE file, parsing all its structures and making them available
through the instance's attributes.
"""
if fname:
stat = os.stat(fname)
if stat.st_size == 0:
raise PEFormatError('The file is empty')
try:
fd = file(fname, 'rb')
self.fileno = fd.fileno()
if hasattr(mmap, 'MAP_PRIVATE'):
# Unix
self.__data__ = mmap.mmap(self.fileno, 0, mmap.MAP_PRIVATE)
else:
# Windows
self.__data__ = mmap.mmap(self.fileno, 0, access=mmap.ACCESS_READ)
self.__from_file = True
finally:
fd.close()
elif data:
self.__data__ = data
self.__from_file = False
dos_header_data = self.__data__[:64]
if len(dos_header_data) != 64:
raise PEFormatError('Unable to read the DOS Header, possibly a truncated file.')
self.DOS_HEADER = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_DOS_HEADER_format__,
dos_header_data, file_offset=0)
if self.DOS_HEADER.e_magic == IMAGE_DOSZM_SIGNATURE:
raise PEFormatError('Probably a ZM Executable (not a PE file).')
if not self.DOS_HEADER or self.DOS_HEADER.e_magic != IMAGE_DOS_SIGNATURE:
raise PEFormatError('DOS Header magic not found.')
# OC Patch:
# Check for sane value in e_lfanew
#
if self.DOS_HEADER.e_lfanew > len(self.__data__):
raise PEFormatError('Invalid e_lfanew value, probably not a PE file')
nt_headers_offset = self.DOS_HEADER.e_lfanew
self.NT_HEADERS = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_NT_HEADERS_format__,
self.__data__[nt_headers_offset:nt_headers_offset+8],
file_offset = nt_headers_offset)
# We better check the signature right here, before the file screws
# around with sections:
# OC Patch:
# Some malware will cause the Signature value to not exist at all
if not self.NT_HEADERS or not self.NT_HEADERS.Signature:
raise PEFormatError('NT Headers not found.')
if (0xFFFF & self.NT_HEADERS.Signature) == IMAGE_NE_SIGNATURE:
raise PEFormatError('Invalid NT Headers signature. Probably a NE file')
if (0xFFFF & self.NT_HEADERS.Signature) == IMAGE_LE_SIGNATURE:
raise PEFormatError('Invalid NT Headers signature. Probably a LE file')
if (0xFFFF & self.NT_HEADERS.Signature) == IMAGE_LX_SIGNATURE:
raise PEFormatError('Invalid NT Headers signature. Probably a LX file')
if (0xFFFF & self.NT_HEADERS.Signature) == IMAGE_TE_SIGNATURE:
raise PEFormatError('Invalid NT Headers signature. Probably a TE file')
if self.NT_HEADERS.Signature != IMAGE_NT_SIGNATURE:
raise PEFormatError('Invalid NT Headers signature.')
self.FILE_HEADER = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_FILE_HEADER_format__,
self.__data__[nt_headers_offset+4:nt_headers_offset+4+32],
file_offset = nt_headers_offset+4)
image_flags = retrieve_flags(IMAGE_CHARACTERISTICS, 'IMAGE_FILE_')
if not self.FILE_HEADER:
raise PEFormatError('File Header missing')
# Set the image's flags according the the Characteristics member
set_flags(self.FILE_HEADER, self.FILE_HEADER.Characteristics, image_flags)
optional_header_offset = \
nt_headers_offset+4+self.FILE_HEADER.sizeof()
# Note: location of sections can be controlled from PE header:
sections_offset = optional_header_offset + self.FILE_HEADER.SizeOfOptionalHeader
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER_format__,
# Read up to 256 bytes to allow creating a copy of too much data
self.__data__[optional_header_offset:optional_header_offset+256],
file_offset = optional_header_offset)
# According to solardesigner's findings for his
# Tiny PE project, the optional header does not
# need fields beyond "Subsystem" in order to be
# loadable by the Windows loader (given that zeros
# are acceptable values and the header is loaded
# in a zeroed memory page)
# If trying to parse a full Optional Header fails
# we try to parse it again with some 0 padding
#
MINIMUM_VALID_OPTIONAL_HEADER_RAW_SIZE = 69
if ( self.OPTIONAL_HEADER is None and
len(self.__data__[optional_header_offset:optional_header_offset+0x200])
>= MINIMUM_VALID_OPTIONAL_HEADER_RAW_SIZE ):
# Add enough zeros to make up for the unused fields
#
padding_length = 128
# Create padding
#
padded_data = self.__data__[optional_header_offset:optional_header_offset+0x200] + (
'\0' * padding_length)
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER_format__,
padded_data,
file_offset = optional_header_offset)
# Check the Magic in the OPTIONAL_HEADER and set the PE file
# type accordingly
#
if self.OPTIONAL_HEADER is not None:
if self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.Magic == OPTIONAL_HEADER_MAGIC_PE:
self.PE_TYPE = OPTIONAL_HEADER_MAGIC_PE
elif self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.Magic == OPTIONAL_HEADER_MAGIC_PE_PLUS:
self.PE_TYPE = OPTIONAL_HEADER_MAGIC_PE_PLUS
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER64_format__,
self.__data__[optional_header_offset:optional_header_offset+0x200],
file_offset = optional_header_offset)
# Again, as explained above, we try to parse
# a reduced form of the Optional Header which
# is still valid despite not including all
# structure members
#
MINIMUM_VALID_OPTIONAL_HEADER_RAW_SIZE = 69+4
if ( self.OPTIONAL_HEADER is None and
len(self.__data__[optional_header_offset:optional_header_offset+0x200])
>= MINIMUM_VALID_OPTIONAL_HEADER_RAW_SIZE ):
padding_length = 128
padded_data = self.__data__[optional_header_offset:optional_header_offset+0x200] + (
'\0' * padding_length)
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER64_format__,
padded_data,
file_offset = optional_header_offset)
if not self.FILE_HEADER:
raise PEFormatError('File Header missing')
# OC Patch:
# Die gracefully if there is no OPTIONAL_HEADER field
# 975440f5ad5e2e4a92c4d9a5f22f75c1
if self.PE_TYPE is None or self.OPTIONAL_HEADER is None:
raise PEFormatError("No Optional Header found, invalid PE32 or PE32+ file")
dll_characteristics_flags = retrieve_flags(DLL_CHARACTERISTICS, 'IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_')
# Set the Dll Characteristics flags according the the DllCharacteristics member
set_flags(
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER,
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.DllCharacteristics,
dll_characteristics_flags)
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.DATA_DIRECTORY = []
#offset = (optional_header_offset + self.FILE_HEADER.SizeOfOptionalHeader)
offset = (optional_header_offset + self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.sizeof())
self.NT_HEADERS.FILE_HEADER = self.FILE_HEADER
self.NT_HEADERS.OPTIONAL_HEADER = self.OPTIONAL_HEADER
# Windows 8 specific check
#
if self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.AddressOfEntryPoint < self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.SizeOfHeaders:
self.__warnings.append(
'SizeOfHeaders is smaller than AddressOfEntryPoint: this file cannot run under Windows 8' )
# The NumberOfRvaAndSizes is sanitized to stay within
# reasonable limits so can be casted to an int
#
if self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.NumberOfRvaAndSizes > 0x10:
self.__warnings.append(
'Suspicious NumberOfRvaAndSizes in the Optional Header. ' +
'Normal values are never larger than 0x10, the value is: 0x%x' %
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.NumberOfRvaAndSizes )
MAX_ASSUMED_VALID_NUMBER_OF_RVA_AND_SIZES = 0x100
for i in xrange(int(0x7fffffffL & self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.NumberOfRvaAndSizes)):
if len(self.__data__) - offset == 0:
break
if len(self.__data__) - offset < 8:
data = self.__data__[offset:] + '\0'*8
else:
data = self.__data__[offset:offset+MAX_ASSUMED_VALID_NUMBER_OF_RVA_AND_SIZES]
dir_entry = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY_format__,
data,
file_offset = offset)
if dir_entry is None:
break
# Would fail if missing an entry
# 1d4937b2fa4d84ad1bce0309857e70ca offending sample
try:
dir_entry.name = DIRECTORY_ENTRY[i]
except (KeyError, AttributeError):
break
offset += dir_entry.sizeof()
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.DATA_DIRECTORY.append(dir_entry)
# If the offset goes outside the optional header,
# the loop is broken, regardless of how many directories
# NumberOfRvaAndSizes says there are
#
# We assume a normally sized optional header, hence that we do
# a sizeof() instead of reading SizeOfOptionalHeader.
# Then we add a default number of directories times their size,
# if we go beyond that, we assume the number of directories
# is wrong and stop processing
if offset >= (optional_header_offset +
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.sizeof() + 8*16) :
break
offset = self.parse_sections(sections_offset)
# OC Patch:
# There could be a problem if there are no raw data sections
# greater than 0
# fc91013eb72529da005110a3403541b6 example
# Should this throw an exception in the minimum header offset
# can't be found?
#
rawDataPointers = [
self.adjust_FileAlignment( s.PointerToRawData,
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment )
for s in self.sections if s.PointerToRawData>0 ]
if len(rawDataPointers) > 0:
lowest_section_offset = min(rawDataPointers)
else:
lowest_section_offset = None
if not lowest_section_offset or lowest_section_offset < offset:
self.header = self.__data__[:offset]
else:
self.header = self.__data__[:lowest_section_offset]
# Check whether the entry point lies within a section
#
if self.get_section_by_rva(self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.AddressOfEntryPoint) is not None:
# Check whether the entry point lies within the file
#
ep_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva(self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.AddressOfEntryPoint)
if ep_offset > len(self.__data__):
self.__warnings.append(
'Possibly corrupt file. AddressOfEntryPoint lies outside the file. ' +
'AddressOfEntryPoint: 0x%x' %
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.AddressOfEntryPoint )
else:
self.__warnings.append(
'AddressOfEntryPoint lies outside the sections\' boundaries. ' +
'AddressOfEntryPoint: 0x%x' %
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.AddressOfEntryPoint )
if not fast_load:
self.parse_data_directories()
class RichHeader:
pass
rich_header = self.parse_rich_header()
if rich_header:
self.RICH_HEADER = RichHeader()
self.RICH_HEADER.checksum = rich_header.get('checksum', None)
self.RICH_HEADER.values = rich_header.get('values', None)
else:
self.RICH_HEADER = None
def parse_rich_header(self):
"""Parses the rich header
see http://www.ntcore.com/files/richsign.htm for more information
Structure:
00 DanS ^ checksum, checksum, checksum, checksum
10 Symbol RVA ^ checksum, Symbol size ^ checksum...
...
XX Rich, checksum, 0, 0,...
"""
# Rich Header constants
#
DANS = 0x536E6144 # 'DanS' as dword
RICH = 0x68636952 # 'Rich' as dword
# Read a block of data
try:
rich_data = self.get_data(0x80, 0x80)
if len(rich_data) != 0x80:
return None
data = list(struct.unpack("<32I", rich_data))
except PEFormatError:
return None
# the checksum should be present 3 times after the DanS signature
#
checksum = data[1]
if (data[0] ^ checksum != DANS
or data[2] != checksum
or data[3] != checksum):
return None
result = {"checksum": checksum}
headervalues = []
result ["values"] = headervalues
data = data[4:]
for i in xrange(len(data) / 2):
# Stop until the Rich footer signature is found
#
if data[2 * i] == RICH:
# it should be followed by the checksum
#
if data[2 * i + 1] != checksum:
self.__warnings.append('Rich Header corrupted')
break
# header values come by pairs
#
headervalues += [data[2 * i] ^ checksum, data[2 * i + 1] ^ checksum]
return result
def get_warnings(self):
"""Return the list of warnings.
Non-critical problems found when parsing the PE file are
appended to a list of warnings. This method returns the
full list.
"""
return self.__warnings
def show_warnings(self):
"""Print the list of warnings.
Non-critical problems found when parsing the PE file are
appended to a list of warnings. This method prints the
full list to standard output.
"""
for warning in self.__warnings:
print '>', warning
def full_load(self):
"""Process the data directories.
This method will load the data directories which might not have
been loaded if the "fast_load" option was used.
"""
self.parse_data_directories()
def write(self, filename=None):
"""Write the PE file.
This function will process all headers and components
of the PE file and include all changes made (by just
assigning to attributes in the PE objects) and write
the changes back to a file whose name is provided as
an argument. The filename is optional, if not
provided the data will be returned as a 'str' object.
"""
if is_bytearray_available():
# Making a list of a byte file is incredibly inefficient and will
# cause pefile to take far more RAM than it should. Use bytearrays
# instead.
file_data = bytearray(self.__data__)
else:
file_data = list(self.__data__)
for structure in self.__structures__:
if is_bytearray_available():
struct_data = bytearray(structure.__pack__())
else:
struct_data = list(structure.__pack__())
offset = structure.get_file_offset()
file_data[offset:offset+len(struct_data)] = struct_data
if hasattr(self, 'VS_VERSIONINFO'):
if hasattr(self, 'FileInfo'):
for entry in self.FileInfo:
if hasattr(entry, 'StringTable'):
for st_entry in entry.StringTable:
for key, entry in st_entry.entries.items():
offsets = st_entry.entries_offsets[key]
lengths = st_entry.entries_lengths[key]
if is_bytearray_available():
if len( entry ) > lengths[1]:
l = bytearray()
for idx, c in enumerate(entry):
if ord(c) > 256:
l.extend( [ ord(c) & 0xff, chr( (ord(c) & 0xff00) >> 8) ] )
else:
l.extend( [ ord(c), '\0' ] )
file_data[offsets[1]:offsets[1]+lengths[1]*2 ] = l
else:
l = bytearray()
for idx, c in enumerate(entry):
if ord(c) > 256:
l.extend( [ chr(ord(c) & 0xff), chr( (ord(c) & 0xff00) >>8) ] )
else:
l.extend( [ ord(c), '\0'] )
file_data[offsets[1]:offsets[1]+len(entry)*2 ] = l
remainder = lengths[1] - len(entry)
if remainder:
start = offsets[1] + len(entry)*2
end = offsets[1] + lengths[1]*2
file_data[start:end] = ['\0'] * remainder*2
else:
if len( entry ) > lengths[1]:
l = list()
for idx, c in enumerate(entry):
if ord(c) > 256:
l.extend( [ chr(ord(c) & 0xff), chr( (ord(c) & 0xff00) >>8) ] )
else:
l.extend( [chr( ord(c) ), '\0'] )
file_data[
offsets[1] : offsets[1] + lengths[1]*2 ] = l
else:
l = list()
for idx, c in enumerate(entry):
if ord(c) > 256:
l.extend( [chr(ord(c) & 0xff), chr( (ord(c) & 0xff00) >>8) ] )
else:
l.extend( [chr(ord(c)), '\0'] )
file_data[offsets[1]:offsets[1]+len(entry)*2] = l
remainder = lengths[1] - len(entry)
start = offsets[1] + len(entry)*2
end = offsets[1] + lengths[1]*2
file_data[start:end] = [u'\0'] * remainder*2
if is_bytearray_available():
new_file_data = ''.join( chr(c) for c in file_data )
else:
new_file_data = ''.join( [ chr(ord(c)) for c in file_data] )
if filename:
f = file(filename, 'wb+')
f.write(new_file_data)
f.close()
else:
return new_file_data
def parse_sections(self, offset):
"""Fetch the PE file sections.
The sections will be readily available in the "sections" attribute.
Its attributes will contain all the section information plus "data"
a buffer containing the section's data.
The "Characteristics" member will be processed and attributes
representing the section characteristics (with the 'IMAGE_SCN_'
string trimmed from the constant's names) will be added to the
section instance.
Refer to the SectionStructure class for additional info.
"""
self.sections = []
MAX_SIMULTANEOUS_ERRORS = 3
for i in xrange(self.FILE_HEADER.NumberOfSections):
simultaneous_errors = 0
section = SectionStructure( self.__IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER_format__, pe=self )
if not section:
break
section_offset = offset + section.sizeof() * i
section.set_file_offset(section_offset)
section_data = self.__data__[section_offset : section_offset + section.sizeof()]
# Check if the section is all nulls and stop if so.
if section_data.count('\0') == section.sizeof():
self.__warnings.append(
('Invalid section %d. ' % i) +
'Contents are null-bytes.')
break
section.__unpack__(section_data)
self.__structures__.append(section)
if section.SizeOfRawData+section.PointerToRawData > len(self.__data__):
simultaneous_errors += 1
self.__warnings.append(
('Error parsing section %d. ' % i) +
'SizeOfRawData is larger than file.')
if self.adjust_FileAlignment( section.PointerToRawData,
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment ) > len(self.__data__):
simultaneous_errors += 1
self.__warnings.append(
('Error parsing section %d. ' % i) +
'PointerToRawData points beyond the end of the file.')
if section.Misc_VirtualSize > 0x10000000:
simultaneous_errors += 1
self.__warnings.append(
('Suspicious value found parsing section %d. ' % i) +
'VirtualSize is extremely large > 256MiB.')
if self.adjust_SectionAlignment( section.VirtualAddress,
self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.SectionAlignment, self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment ) > 0x10000000:
simultaneous_errors += 1
self.__warnings.append(
('Suspicious value found parsing section %d. ' % i) +
'VirtualAddress is beyond 0x10000000.')
if ( self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment != 0 and
( section.PointerToRawData % self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.FileAlignment) != 0):
simultaneous_errors += 1
self.__warnings.append(
('Error parsing section %d. ' % i) +
'PointerToRawData should normally be ' +
'a multiple of FileAlignment, this might imply the file ' +
'is trying to confuse tools which parse this incorrectly.')
if simultaneous_errors >= MAX_SIMULTANEOUS_ERRORS:
self.__warnings.append('Too many warnings parsing section. Aborting.')
break
section_flags = retrieve_flags(SECTION_CHARACTERISTICS, 'IMAGE_SCN_')
# Set the section's flags according the the Characteristics member
set_flags(section, section.Characteristics, section_flags)
if ( section.__dict__.get('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_WRITE', False) and
section.__dict__.get('IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE', False) ):
if section.Name == 'PAGE' and self.is_driver():
# Drivers can have a PAGE section with those flags set without
# implying that it is malicious
pass
else:
self.__warnings.append(
('Suspicious flags set for section %d. ' % i) +
'Both IMAGE_SCN_MEM_WRITE and IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE are set. ' +
'This might indicate a packed executable.')
self.sections.append(section)
# Sort the sections by their VirtualAddress and add a field to each of them
# with the VirtualAddress of the next section. This will allow to check
# for potentially overlapping sections in badly constructed PEs.
self.sections.sort(cmp=lambda a,b: cmp(a.VirtualAddress, b.VirtualAddress))
for idx, section in enumerate(self.sections):
if idx == len(self.sections)-1:
section.next_section_virtual_address = None
else:
section.next_section_virtual_address = self.sections[idx+1].VirtualAddress
if self.FILE_HEADER.NumberOfSections > 0 and self.sections:
return offset + self.sections[0].sizeof()*self.FILE_HEADER.NumberOfSections
else:
return offset
def parse_data_directories(self, directories=None):
"""Parse and process the PE file's data directories.
If the optional argument 'directories' is given, only
the directories at the specified indexes will be parsed.
Such functionality allows parsing of areas of interest
without the burden of having to parse all others.
The directories can then be specified as:
For export / import only:
directories = [ 0, 1 ]
or (more verbosely):
directories = [ DIRECTORY_ENTRY['IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_IMPORT'],
DIRECTORY_ENTRY['IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_EXPORT'] ]
If 'directories' is a list, the ones that are processed will be removed,
leaving only the ones that are not present in the image.
"""
directory_parsing = (
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_IMPORT', self.parse_import_directory),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_EXPORT', self.parse_export_directory),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_RESOURCE', self.parse_resources_directory),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_DEBUG', self.parse_debug_directory),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_BASERELOC', self.parse_relocations_directory),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_TLS', self.parse_directory_tls),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_LOAD_CONFIG', self.parse_directory_load_config),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_DELAY_IMPORT', self.parse_delay_import_directory),
('IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_BOUND_IMPORT', self.parse_directory_bound_imports) )
if directories is not None:
if not isinstance(directories, (tuple, list)):
directories = [directories]
for entry in directory_parsing:
# OC Patch:
#
try:
directory_index = DIRECTORY_ENTRY[entry[0]]
dir_entry = self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.DATA_DIRECTORY[directory_index]
except IndexError:
break
# Only process all the directories if no individual ones have
# been chosen
#
if directories is None or directory_index in directories:
if dir_entry.VirtualAddress:
value = entry[1](dir_entry.VirtualAddress, dir_entry.Size)
if value:
setattr(self, entry[0][6:], value)
if (directories is not None) and isinstance(directories, list) and (entry[0] in directories):
directories.remove(directory_index)
def parse_directory_bound_imports(self, rva, size):
""""""
bnd_descr = Structure(self.__IMAGE_BOUND_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR_format__)
bnd_descr_size = bnd_descr.sizeof()
start = rva
bound_imports = []
while True:
bnd_descr = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_BOUND_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR_format__,
self.__data__[rva:rva+bnd_descr_size],
file_offset = rva)
if bnd_descr is None:
# If can't parse directory then silently return.
# This directory does not necessarily have to be valid to
# still have a valid PE file
self.__warnings.append(
'The Bound Imports directory exists but can\'t be parsed.')
return
if bnd_descr.all_zeroes():
break
rva += bnd_descr.sizeof()
section = self.get_section_by_offset(rva)
file_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva(rva)
if section is None:
safety_boundary = len(self.__data__) - file_offset
sections_after_offset = [section.PointerToRawData for section in self.sections
if section.PointerToRawData > file_offset]
if sections_after_offset:
# Find the first section starting at a later offset than that specified by 'rva'
first_section_after_offset = min(sections_after_offset)
section = self.get_section_by_offset(first_section_after_offset)
if section is not None:
safety_boundary = section.PointerToRawData - file_offset
else:
safety_boundary = section.PointerToRawData + len(section.get_data()) - file_offset
if not section:
self.__warnings.append(
'RVA of IMAGE_BOUND_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR points to an invalid address: %x' %
rva)
return
forwarder_refs = []
# 8 is the size of __IMAGE_BOUND_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR_format__
for idx in xrange( min( bnd_descr.NumberOfModuleForwarderRefs, safety_boundary/8) ):
# Both structures IMAGE_BOUND_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR and
# IMAGE_BOUND_FORWARDER_REF have the same size.
bnd_frwd_ref = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_BOUND_FORWARDER_REF_format__,
self.__data__[rva:rva+bnd_descr_size],
file_offset = rva)
# OC Patch:
if not bnd_frwd_ref:
raise PEFormatError(
"IMAGE_BOUND_FORWARDER_REF cannot be read")
rva += bnd_frwd_ref.sizeof()
offset = start+bnd_frwd_ref.OffsetModuleName
name_str = self.get_string_from_data(
0, self.__data__[offset : offset + MAX_STRING_LENGTH])
# OffsetModuleName points to a DLL name. These shouldn't be too long.
# Anything longer than a safety length of 128 will be taken to indicate
# a corrupt entry and abort the processing of these entries.
# Names shorted than 4 characters will be taken as invalid as well.
if name_str:
invalid_chars = [c for c in name_str if c not in string.printable]
if len(name_str) > 256 or len(name_str) < 4 or invalid_chars:
break
forwarder_refs.append(BoundImportRefData(
struct = bnd_frwd_ref,
name = name_str))
offset = start+bnd_descr.OffsetModuleName
name_str = self.get_string_from_data(
0, self.__data__[offset : offset + MAX_STRING_LENGTH])
if name_str:
invalid_chars = [c for c in name_str if c not in string.printable]
if len(name_str) > 256 or len(name_str) < 4 or invalid_chars:
break
if not name_str:
break
bound_imports.append(
BoundImportDescData(
struct = bnd_descr,
name = name_str,
entries = forwarder_refs))
return bound_imports
def parse_directory_tls(self, rva, size):
""""""
if self.PE_TYPE == OPTIONAL_HEADER_MAGIC_PE:
format = self.__IMAGE_TLS_DIRECTORY_format__
elif self.PE_TYPE == OPTIONAL_HEADER_MAGIC_PE_PLUS:
format = self.__IMAGE_TLS_DIRECTORY64_format__
try:
tls_struct = self.__unpack_data__(
format,
self.get_data( rva, Structure(format).sizeof() ),
file_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva(rva))
except PEFormatError:
self.__warnings.append(
'Invalid TLS information. Can\'t read ' +
'data at RVA: 0x%x' % rva)
tls_struct = None
if not tls_struct:
return None
return TlsData( struct = tls_struct )
def parse_directory_load_config(self, rva, size):
""""""
if self.PE_TYPE == OPTIONAL_HEADER_MAGIC_PE:
format = self.__IMAGE_LOAD_CONFIG_DIRECTORY_format__
elif self.PE_TYPE == OPTIONAL_HEADER_MAGIC_PE_PLUS:
format = self.__IMAGE_LOAD_CONFIG_DIRECTORY64_format__
try:
load_config_struct = self.__unpack_data__(
format,
self.get_data( rva, Structure(format).sizeof() ),
file_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva(rva))
except PEFormatError:
self.__warnings.append(
'Invalid LOAD_CONFIG information. Can\'t read ' +
'data at RVA: 0x%x' % rva)
load_config_struct = None
if not load_config_struct:
return None
return LoadConfigData( struct = load_config_struct )
def parse_relocations_directory(self, rva, size):
""""""
rlc_size = Structure(self.__IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION_format__).sizeof()
end = rva+size
relocations = []
while rva < end:
# OC Patch:
# Malware that has bad RVA entries will cause an error.
# Just continue on after an exception
#
try:
rlc = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION_format__,
self.get_data(rva, rlc_size),
file_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva(rva) )
except PEFormatError:
self.__warnings.append(
'Invalid relocation information. Can\'t read ' +
'data at RVA: 0x%x' % rva)
rlc = None
if not rlc:
break
# rlc.VirtualAddress must lie within the Image
if rlc.VirtualAddress > self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.SizeOfImage:
self.__warnings.append(
'Invalid relocation information. VirtualAddress outside' +
' of Image: 0x%x' % rlc.VirtualAddress)
break
# rlc.SizeOfBlock must be less or equal than the size of the image
# (It's a rather loose sanity test)
if rlc.SizeOfBlock > self.OPTIONAL_HEADER.SizeOfImage:
self.__warnings.append(
'Invalid relocation information. SizeOfBlock too large' +
': %d' % rlc.SizeOfBlock)
break
reloc_entries = self.parse_relocations(
rva+rlc_size, rlc.VirtualAddress, rlc.SizeOfBlock-rlc_size )
relocations.append(
BaseRelocationData(
struct = rlc,
entries = reloc_entries))
if not rlc.SizeOfBlock:
break
rva += rlc.SizeOfBlock
return relocations
def parse_relocations(self, data_rva, rva, size):
""""""
data = self.get_data(data_rva, size)
file_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva(data_rva)
entries = []
offsets_and_type = []
for idx in xrange( len(data) / 2 ):
entry = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION_ENTRY_format__,
data[idx*2:(idx+1)*2],
file_offset = file_offset )
if not entry:
break
word = entry.Data
reloc_type = (word>>12)
reloc_offset = (word & 0x0fff)
if (reloc_offset, reloc_type) in offsets_and_type:
self.__warnings.append(
'Overlapping offsets in relocation data ' +
'data at RVA: 0x%x' % (reloc_offset+rva))
break
if len(offsets_and_type) >= 1000:
offsets_and_type.pop()
offsets_and_type.insert(0, (reloc_offset, reloc_type))
entries.append(
RelocationData(
struct = entry,
type = reloc_type,
base_rva = rva,
rva = reloc_offset+rva))
file_offset += entry.sizeof()
return entries
def parse_debug_directory(self, rva, size):
""""""
dbg_size = Structure(self.__IMAGE_DEBUG_DIRECTORY_format__).sizeof()
debug = []
for idx in xrange(size/dbg_size):
try:
data = self.get_data(rva+dbg_size*idx, dbg_size)
except PEFormatError, e:
self.__warnings.append(
'Invalid debug information. Can\'t read ' +
'data at RVA: 0x%x' % rva)
return None
dbg = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_DEBUG_DIRECTORY_format__,
data, file_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva(rva+dbg_size*idx))
if not dbg:
return None
debug.append(
DebugData(
struct = dbg))
return debug
def parse_resources_directory(self, rva, size=0, base_rva = None, level = 0, dirs=None):
"""Parse the resources directory.
Given the RVA of the resources directory, it will process all
its entries.
The root will have the corresponding member of its structure,
IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY plus 'entries', a list of all the
entries in the directory.
Those entries will have, correspondingly, all the structure's
members (IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY) and an additional one,
"directory", pointing to the IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY structure
representing upper layers of the tree. This one will also have
an 'entries' attribute, pointing to the 3rd, and last, level.
Another directory with more entries. Those last entries will
have a new attribute (both 'leaf' or 'data_entry' can be used to
access it). This structure finally points to the resource data.
All the members of this structure, IMAGE_RESOURCE_DATA_ENTRY,
are available as its attributes.
"""
# OC Patch:
if dirs is None:
dirs = [rva]
if base_rva is None:
base_rva = rva
resources_section = self.get_section_by_rva(rva)
try:
# If the RVA is invalid all would blow up. Some EXEs seem to be
# specially nasty and have an invalid RVA.
data = self.get_data(rva, Structure(self.__IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY_format__).sizeof() )
except PEFormatError, e:
self.__warnings.append(
'Invalid resources directory. Can\'t read ' +
'directory data at RVA: 0x%x' % rva)
return None
# Get the resource directory structure, that is, the header
# of the table preceding the actual entries
#
resource_dir = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY_format__, data,
file_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva(rva) )
if resource_dir is None:
# If can't parse resources directory then silently return.
# This directory does not necessarily have to be valid to
# still have a valid PE file
self.__warnings.append(
'Invalid resources directory. Can\'t parse ' +
'directory data at RVA: 0x%x' % rva)
return None
dir_entries = []
# Advance the RVA to the position immediately following the directory
# table header and pointing to the first entry in the table
#
rva += resource_dir.sizeof()
number_of_entries = (
resource_dir.NumberOfNamedEntries +
resource_dir.NumberOfIdEntries )
# Set a hard limit on the maximum reasonable number of entries
MAX_ALLOWED_ENTRIES = 4096
if number_of_entries > MAX_ALLOWED_ENTRIES:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing the resources directory. '
'The directory contains %d entries (>%s)' %
(number_of_entries, MAX_ALLOWED_ENTRIES) )
return None
strings_to_postprocess = list()
# Keep track of the last name's start and end offsets in order
# to be able to detect overlapping entries that might suggest
# and invalid or corrupt directory.
last_name_begin_end = None
for idx in xrange(number_of_entries):
res = self.parse_resource_entry(rva)
if res is None:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing the resources directory, '
'Entry %d is invalid, RVA = 0x%x. ' %
(idx, rva) )
break
entry_name = None
entry_id = None
name_is_string = (res.Name & 0x80000000L) >> 31
if not name_is_string:
entry_id = res.Name
else:
ustr_offset = base_rva+res.NameOffset
try:
entry_name = UnicodeStringWrapperPostProcessor(self, ustr_offset)
# If the last entry's offset points before the current's but its end
# is past the current's beginning, assume the overlap indicates a
# corrupt name.
if last_name_begin_end and (last_name_begin_end[0] < ustr_offset and
last_name_begin_end[1] >= ustr_offset):
# Remove the previous overlapping entry as it's likely to be already corrupt data.
strings_to_postprocess.pop()
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing the resources directory, '
'attempting to read entry name. '
'Entry names overlap 0x%x' %
(ustr_offset) )
break
last_name_begin_end = (ustr_offset, ustr_offset+entry_name.get_pascal_16_length())
strings_to_postprocess.append(entry_name)
except PEFormatError, excp:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing the resources directory, '
'attempting to read entry name. '
'Can\'t read unicode string at offset 0x%x' %
(ustr_offset) )
if res.DataIsDirectory:
# OC Patch:
#
# One trick malware can do is to recursively reference
# the next directory. This causes hilarity to ensue when
# trying to parse everything correctly.
# If the original RVA given to this function is equal to
# the next one to parse, we assume that it's a trick.
# Instead of raising a PEFormatError this would skip some
# reasonable data so we just break.
#
# 9ee4d0a0caf095314fd7041a3e4404dc is the offending sample
if (base_rva + res.OffsetToDirectory) in dirs:
break
else:
entry_directory = self.parse_resources_directory(
base_rva+res.OffsetToDirectory,
size-(rva-base_rva), # size
base_rva=base_rva, level = level+1,
dirs=dirs + [base_rva + res.OffsetToDirectory])
if not entry_directory:
break
# Ange Albertini's code to process resources' strings
#
strings = None
if entry_id == RESOURCE_TYPE['RT_STRING']:
strings = dict()
for resource_id in entry_directory.entries:
if hasattr(resource_id, 'directory'):
resource_strings = dict()
for resource_lang in resource_id.directory.entries:
if (resource_lang is None or not hasattr(resource_lang, 'data') or
resource_lang.data.struct.Size is None or resource_id.id is None):
continue
string_entry_rva = resource_lang.data.struct.OffsetToData
string_entry_size = resource_lang.data.struct.Size
string_entry_id = resource_id.id
string_entry_data = self.get_data(string_entry_rva, string_entry_size)
parse_strings( string_entry_data, (int(string_entry_id) - 1) * 16, resource_strings )
strings.update(resource_strings)
resource_id.directory.strings = resource_strings
dir_entries.append(
ResourceDirEntryData(
struct = res,
name = entry_name,
id = entry_id,
directory = entry_directory))
else:
struct = self.parse_resource_data_entry(
base_rva + res.OffsetToDirectory)
if struct:
entry_data = ResourceDataEntryData(
struct = struct,
lang = res.Name & 0x3ff,
sublang = res.Name >> 10 )
dir_entries.append(
ResourceDirEntryData(
struct = res,
name = entry_name,
id = entry_id,
data = entry_data))
else:
break
# Check if this entry contains version information
#
if level == 0 and res.Id == RESOURCE_TYPE['RT_VERSION']:
if len(dir_entries)>0:
last_entry = dir_entries[-1]
rt_version_struct = None
try:
rt_version_struct = last_entry.directory.entries[0].directory.entries[0].data.struct
except:
# Maybe a malformed directory structure...?
# Lets ignore it
pass
if rt_version_struct is not None:
self.parse_version_information(rt_version_struct)
rva += res.sizeof()
string_rvas = [s.get_rva() for s in strings_to_postprocess]
string_rvas.sort()
for idx, s in enumerate(strings_to_postprocess):
s.render_pascal_16()
resource_directory_data = ResourceDirData(
struct = resource_dir,
entries = dir_entries)
return resource_directory_data
def parse_resource_data_entry(self, rva):
"""Parse a data entry from the resources directory."""
try:
# If the RVA is invalid all would blow up. Some EXEs seem to be
# specially nasty and have an invalid RVA.
data = self.get_data(rva, Structure(self.__IMAGE_RESOURCE_DATA_ENTRY_format__).sizeof() )
except PEFormatError, excp:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing a resource directory data entry, ' +
'the RVA is invalid: 0x%x' % ( rva ) )
return None
data_entry = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_RESOURCE_DATA_ENTRY_format__, data,
file_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva(rva) )
return data_entry
def parse_resource_entry(self, rva):
"""Parse a directory entry from the resources directory."""
try:
data = self.get_data( rva, Structure(self.__IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_format__).sizeof() )
except PEFormatError, excp:
# A warning will be added by the caller if this method returns None
return None
resource = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_format__, data,
file_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva(rva) )
if resource is None:
return None
#resource.NameIsString = (resource.Name & 0x80000000L) >> 31
resource.NameOffset = resource.Name & 0x7FFFFFFFL
resource.__pad = resource.Name & 0xFFFF0000L
resource.Id = resource.Name & 0x0000FFFFL
resource.DataIsDirectory = (resource.OffsetToData & 0x80000000L) >> 31
resource.OffsetToDirectory = resource.OffsetToData & 0x7FFFFFFFL
return resource
def parse_version_information(self, version_struct):
"""Parse version information structure.
The date will be made available in three attributes of the PE object.
VS_VERSIONINFO will contain the first three fields of the main structure:
'Length', 'ValueLength', and 'Type'
VS_FIXEDFILEINFO will hold the rest of the fields, accessible as sub-attributes:
'Signature', 'StrucVersion', 'FileVersionMS', 'FileVersionLS',
'ProductVersionMS', 'ProductVersionLS', 'FileFlagsMask', 'FileFlags',
'FileOS', 'FileType', 'FileSubtype', 'FileDateMS', 'FileDateLS'
FileInfo is a list of all StringFileInfo and VarFileInfo structures.
StringFileInfo structures will have a list as an attribute named 'StringTable'
containing all the StringTable structures. Each of those structures contains a
dictionary 'entries' with all the key / value version information string pairs.
VarFileInfo structures will have a list as an attribute named 'Var' containing
all Var structures. Each Var structure will have a dictionary as an attribute
named 'entry' which will contain the name and value of the Var.
"""
# Retrieve the data for the version info resource
#
start_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva( version_struct.OffsetToData )
raw_data = self.__data__[ start_offset : start_offset+version_struct.Size ]
# Map the main structure and the subsequent string
#
versioninfo_struct = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__VS_VERSIONINFO_format__, raw_data,
file_offset = start_offset )
if versioninfo_struct is None:
return
ustr_offset = version_struct.OffsetToData + versioninfo_struct.sizeof()
try:
versioninfo_string = self.get_string_u_at_rva( ustr_offset )
except PEFormatError, excp:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing the version information, ' +
'attempting to read VS_VERSION_INFO string. Can\'t ' +
'read unicode string at offset 0x%x' % (
ustr_offset ) )
versioninfo_string = None
# If the structure does not contain the expected name, it's assumed to be invalid
#
if versioninfo_string != u'VS_VERSION_INFO':
self.__warnings.append('Invalid VS_VERSION_INFO block')
return
# Set the PE object's VS_VERSIONINFO to this one
#
self.VS_VERSIONINFO = versioninfo_struct
# The the Key attribute to point to the unicode string identifying the structure
#
self.VS_VERSIONINFO.Key = versioninfo_string
# Process the fixed version information, get the offset and structure
#
fixedfileinfo_offset = self.dword_align(
versioninfo_struct.sizeof() + 2 * (len(versioninfo_string) + 1),
version_struct.OffsetToData)
fixedfileinfo_struct = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__VS_FIXEDFILEINFO_format__,
raw_data[fixedfileinfo_offset:],
file_offset = start_offset+fixedfileinfo_offset )
if not fixedfileinfo_struct:
return
# Set the PE object's VS_FIXEDFILEINFO to this one
#
self.VS_FIXEDFILEINFO = fixedfileinfo_struct
# Start parsing all the StringFileInfo and VarFileInfo structures
#
# Get the first one
#
stringfileinfo_offset = self.dword_align(
fixedfileinfo_offset + fixedfileinfo_struct.sizeof(),
version_struct.OffsetToData)
original_stringfileinfo_offset = stringfileinfo_offset
# Set the PE object's attribute that will contain them all.
#
self.FileInfo = list()
while True:
# Process the StringFileInfo/VarFileInfo structure
#
stringfileinfo_struct = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__StringFileInfo_format__,
raw_data[stringfileinfo_offset:],
file_offset = start_offset+stringfileinfo_offset )
if stringfileinfo_struct is None:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing StringFileInfo/VarFileInfo struct' )
return None
# Get the subsequent string defining the structure.
#
ustr_offset = ( version_struct.OffsetToData +
stringfileinfo_offset + versioninfo_struct.sizeof() )
try:
stringfileinfo_string = self.get_string_u_at_rva( ustr_offset )
except PEFormatError, excp:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing the version information, ' +
'attempting to read StringFileInfo string. Can\'t ' +
'read unicode string at offset 0x%x' % ( ustr_offset ) )
break
# Set such string as the Key attribute
#
stringfileinfo_struct.Key = stringfileinfo_string
# Append the structure to the PE object's list
#
self.FileInfo.append(stringfileinfo_struct)
# Parse a StringFileInfo entry
#
if stringfileinfo_string and stringfileinfo_string.startswith(u'StringFileInfo'):
if stringfileinfo_struct.Type in (0,1) and stringfileinfo_struct.ValueLength == 0:
stringtable_offset = self.dword_align(
stringfileinfo_offset + stringfileinfo_struct.sizeof() +
2*(len(stringfileinfo_string)+1),
version_struct.OffsetToData)
stringfileinfo_struct.StringTable = list()
# Process the String Table entries
#
while True:
stringtable_struct = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__StringTable_format__,
raw_data[stringtable_offset:],
file_offset = start_offset+stringtable_offset )
if not stringtable_struct:
break
ustr_offset = ( version_struct.OffsetToData + stringtable_offset +
stringtable_struct.sizeof() )
try:
stringtable_string = self.get_string_u_at_rva( ustr_offset )
except PEFormatError, excp:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing the version information, ' +
'attempting to read StringTable string. Can\'t ' +
'read unicode string at offset 0x%x' % ( ustr_offset ) )
break
stringtable_struct.LangID = stringtable_string
stringtable_struct.entries = dict()
stringtable_struct.entries_offsets = dict()
stringtable_struct.entries_lengths = dict()
stringfileinfo_struct.StringTable.append(stringtable_struct)
entry_offset = self.dword_align(
stringtable_offset + stringtable_struct.sizeof() +
2*(len(stringtable_string)+1),
version_struct.OffsetToData)
# Process all entries in the string table
#
while entry_offset < stringtable_offset + stringtable_struct.Length:
string_struct = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__String_format__, raw_data[entry_offset:],
file_offset = start_offset+entry_offset )
if not string_struct:
break
ustr_offset = ( version_struct.OffsetToData + entry_offset +
string_struct.sizeof() )
try:
key = self.get_string_u_at_rva( ustr_offset )
key_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva( ustr_offset )
except PEFormatError, excp:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing the version information, ' +
'attempting to read StringTable Key string. Can\'t ' +
'read unicode string at offset 0x%x' % ( ustr_offset ) )
break
value_offset = self.dword_align(
2*(len(key)+1) + entry_offset + string_struct.sizeof(),
version_struct.OffsetToData)
ustr_offset = version_struct.OffsetToData + value_offset
try:
value = self.get_string_u_at_rva( ustr_offset,
max_length = string_struct.ValueLength )
value_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva( ustr_offset )
except PEFormatError, excp:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing the version information, ' +
'attempting to read StringTable Value string. ' +
'Can\'t read unicode string at offset 0x%x' % (
ustr_offset ) )
break
if string_struct.Length == 0:
entry_offset = stringtable_offset + stringtable_struct.Length
else:
entry_offset = self.dword_align(
string_struct.Length+entry_offset, version_struct.OffsetToData)
key_as_char = []
for c in key:
if ord(c) >= 0x80:
key_as_char.append('\\x%02x' % ord(c))
else:
key_as_char.append(c)
key_as_char = ''.join(key_as_char)
stringtable_struct.entries[key] = value
stringtable_struct.entries_offsets[key] = (key_offset, value_offset)
stringtable_struct.entries_lengths[key] = (len(key), len(value))
new_stringtable_offset = self.dword_align(
stringtable_struct.Length + stringtable_offset,
version_struct.OffsetToData)
# check if the entry is crafted in a way that would lead to an infinite
# loop and break if so
#
if new_stringtable_offset == stringtable_offset:
break
stringtable_offset = new_stringtable_offset
if stringtable_offset >= stringfileinfo_struct.Length:
break
# Parse a VarFileInfo entry
#
elif stringfileinfo_string and stringfileinfo_string.startswith( u'VarFileInfo' ):
varfileinfo_struct = stringfileinfo_struct
varfileinfo_struct.name = 'VarFileInfo'
if varfileinfo_struct.Type in (0, 1) and varfileinfo_struct.ValueLength == 0:
var_offset = self.dword_align(
stringfileinfo_offset + varfileinfo_struct.sizeof() +
2*(len(stringfileinfo_string)+1),
version_struct.OffsetToData)
varfileinfo_struct.Var = list()
# Process all entries
#
while True:
var_struct = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__Var_format__,
raw_data[var_offset:],
file_offset = start_offset+var_offset )
if not var_struct:
break
ustr_offset = ( version_struct.OffsetToData + var_offset +
var_struct.sizeof() )
try:
var_string = self.get_string_u_at_rva( ustr_offset )
except PEFormatError, excp:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing the version information, ' +
'attempting to read VarFileInfo Var string. ' +
'Can\'t read unicode string at offset 0x%x' % (ustr_offset))
break
if var_string is None:
break
varfileinfo_struct.Var.append(var_struct)
varword_offset = self.dword_align(
2*(len(var_string)+1) + var_offset + var_struct.sizeof(),
version_struct.OffsetToData)
orig_varword_offset = varword_offset
while varword_offset < orig_varword_offset + var_struct.ValueLength:
word1 = self.get_word_from_data(
raw_data[varword_offset:varword_offset+2], 0)
word2 = self.get_word_from_data(
raw_data[varword_offset+2:varword_offset+4], 0)
varword_offset += 4
if isinstance(word1, (int, long)) and isinstance(word2, (int, long)):
var_struct.entry = {var_string: '0x%04x 0x%04x' % (word1, word2)}
var_offset = self.dword_align(
var_offset+var_struct.Length, version_struct.OffsetToData)
if var_offset <= var_offset+var_struct.Length:
break
# Increment and align the offset
#
stringfileinfo_offset = self.dword_align(
stringfileinfo_struct.Length+stringfileinfo_offset,
version_struct.OffsetToData)
# Check if all the StringFileInfo and VarFileInfo items have been processed
#
if stringfileinfo_struct.Length == 0 or stringfileinfo_offset >= versioninfo_struct.Length:
break
def parse_export_directory(self, rva, size):
"""Parse the export directory.
Given the RVA of the export directory, it will process all
its entries.
The exports will be made available as a list of ExportData
instances in the 'IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_EXPORT' PE attribute.
"""
try:
export_dir = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY_format__,
self.get_data( rva, Structure(self.__IMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY_format__).sizeof() ),
file_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva(rva) )
except PEFormatError:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing export directory at RVA: 0x%x' % ( rva ) )
return
if not export_dir:
return
# We keep track of the bytes left in the file and use it to set a upper
# bound in the number of items that can be read from the different
# arrays
#
def length_until_eof(rva):
return len(self.__data__) - self.get_offset_from_rva(rva)
try:
address_of_names = self.get_data(
export_dir.AddressOfNames, min( length_until_eof(export_dir.AddressOfNames), export_dir.NumberOfNames*4))
address_of_name_ordinals = self.get_data(
export_dir.AddressOfNameOrdinals, min( length_until_eof(export_dir.AddressOfNameOrdinals), export_dir.NumberOfNames*4) )
address_of_functions = self.get_data(
export_dir.AddressOfFunctions, min( length_until_eof(export_dir.AddressOfFunctions), export_dir.NumberOfFunctions*4) )
except PEFormatError:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing export directory at RVA: 0x%x' % ( rva ) )
return
exports = []
max_failed_entries_before_giving_up = 10
section = self.get_section_by_rva(export_dir.AddressOfNames)
if not section:
self.__warnings.append(
'RVA AddressOfNames in the export directory points to an invalid address: %x' %
export_dir.AddressOfNames)
return
else:
safety_boundary = section.VirtualAddress + len(section.get_data()) - export_dir.AddressOfNames
for i in xrange( min( export_dir.NumberOfNames, safety_boundary/4) ):
symbol_name_address = self.get_dword_from_data(address_of_names, i)
if symbol_name_address is None:
max_failed_entries_before_giving_up -= 1
if max_failed_entries_before_giving_up <= 0:
break
symbol_name = self.get_string_at_rva( symbol_name_address )
if not is_valid_function_name(symbol_name):
break
try:
symbol_name_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva( symbol_name_address )
except PEFormatError:
max_failed_entries_before_giving_up -= 1
if max_failed_entries_before_giving_up <= 0:
break
continue
symbol_ordinal = self.get_word_from_data(
address_of_name_ordinals, i)
if symbol_ordinal is not None and symbol_ordinal*4 < len(address_of_functions):
symbol_address = self.get_dword_from_data(
address_of_functions, symbol_ordinal)
else:
# Corrupt? a bad pointer... we assume it's all
# useless, no exports
return None
if symbol_address is None or symbol_address == 0:
continue
# If the function's RVA points within the export directory
# it will point to a string with the forwarded symbol's string
# instead of pointing the the function start address.
if symbol_address >= rva and symbol_address < rva+size:
forwarder_str = self.get_string_at_rva(symbol_address)
try:
forwarder_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva( symbol_address )
except PEFormatError:
continue
else:
forwarder_str = None
forwarder_offset = None
exports.append(
ExportData(
pe = self,
ordinal = export_dir.Base+symbol_ordinal,
ordinal_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva( export_dir.AddressOfNameOrdinals + 2*i ),
address = symbol_address,
address_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva( export_dir.AddressOfFunctions + 4*symbol_ordinal ),
name = symbol_name,
name_offset = symbol_name_offset,
forwarder = forwarder_str,
forwarder_offset = forwarder_offset ))
ordinals = [exp.ordinal for exp in exports]
max_failed_entries_before_giving_up = 10
section = self.get_section_by_rva(export_dir.AddressOfFunctions)
if not section:
self.__warnings.append(
'RVA AddressOfFunctions in the export directory points to an invalid address: %x' %
export_dir.AddressOfFunctions)
return
else:
safety_boundary = section.VirtualAddress + len(section.get_data()) - export_dir.AddressOfFunctions
safety_boundary = section.VirtualAddress + len(section.get_data()) - export_dir.AddressOfFunctions
for idx in xrange( min(export_dir.NumberOfFunctions, safety_boundary/4) ):
if not idx+export_dir.Base in ordinals:
try:
symbol_address = self.get_dword_from_data(
address_of_functions, idx)
except PEFormatError:
symbol_address = None
if symbol_address is None:
max_failed_entries_before_giving_up -= 1
if max_failed_entries_before_giving_up <= 0:
break
if symbol_address == 0:
continue
#
# Checking for forwarder again.
#
if symbol_address >= rva and symbol_address < rva+size:
forwarder_str = self.get_string_at_rva(symbol_address)
else:
forwarder_str = None
exports.append(
ExportData(
ordinal = export_dir.Base+idx,
address = symbol_address,
name = None,
forwarder = forwarder_str))
return ExportDirData(
struct = export_dir,
symbols = exports)
def dword_align(self, offset, base):
return ((offset+base+3) & 0xfffffffcL) - (base & 0xfffffffcL)
def parse_delay_import_directory(self, rva, size):
"""Walk and parse the delay import directory."""
import_descs = []
while True:
try:
# If the RVA is invalid all would blow up. Some PEs seem to be
# specially nasty and have an invalid RVA.
data = self.get_data( rva, Structure(self.__IMAGE_DELAY_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR_format__).sizeof() )
except PEFormatError, e:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing the Delay import directory at RVA: 0x%x' % ( rva ) )
break
file_offset = self.get_offset_from_rva(rva)
import_desc = self.__unpack_data__(
self.__IMAGE_DELAY_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR_format__,
data, file_offset = file_offset )
# If the structure is all zeros, we reached the end of the list
if not import_desc or import_desc.all_zeroes():
break
rva += import_desc.sizeof()
# If the array of thunk's is somewhere earlier than the import
# descriptor we can set a maximum length for the array. Otherwise
# just set a maximum length of the size of the file
max_len = len(self.__data__) - file_offset
if rva > import_desc.pINT or rva > import_desc.pIAT:
max_len = max(rva-import_desc.pINT, rva-import_desc.pIAT)
try:
import_data = self.parse_imports(
import_desc.pINT,
import_desc.pIAT,
None,
max_length = max_len)
except PEFormatError, e:
self.__warnings.append(
'Error parsing the Delay import directory. ' +
'Invalid import data at RVA: 0x%x (%s)' % ( rva, e.value) )
break
if not import_data:
continue
dll = self.get_string_at_rva(import_desc.szName)
if not is_valid_dos_filename(dll):
dll = '*invalid*'
if dll:
for symbol in import_data:
if symbol.name is None:
funcname = ordlookup.ordLookup(dll.lower(), symbol.ordinal)
if funcname:
symbol.name = funcname
import_descs.append(
ImportDescData(
struct = import_desc,
imports = import_data,
dll = dll))
return import_descs
def get_imphash(self):
impstrs = []
exts = ['ocx', 'sys', 'dll']
if not hasattr(self, "DIRECTORY_ENTRY_IMPORT"):
return ""
for entry in self.DIRECTORY_ENTRY_IMPORT:
libname = entry.dll.lower()
parts = libname.rsplit('.', 1)
if len(parts) > 1 and parts[1] in exts:
libname = parts[0]
for imp in entry.imports:
funcname = None
if not imp.name:
funcname = ordlookup.ordLookup(entry.dll.lower(), imp.ordinal, make_name=True)
if not funcname:
raise Exception("Unable to look up ordinal %s:%04x" % (entry.dll, imp.ordinal))
else:
funcname = imp.name
if not funcname:
continue
impstrs.append('%s.%s' % (libname.lower(),funcname.lower()))
return hashlib.md5( ','.join( impstrs ) ).hexdigest()
def parse_import_directory(self, rva, size):
"""Walk and parse the import directory."""
import_descs = []
while True:
try: