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// Copyright 2020 The LUCI Authors.
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
package module
import (
var registered stringset.Set
// Name is a name of a registered module.
// Usually it is a full name of the go package that implements the module, but
// it can be arbitrary as long as it is unique within a server. Attempting to
// register two identical names results in a panic during the server startup.
// Names are usually registered during init-time via RegisterName and stored as
// global variables, so they can be referred to in Dependencies() implementation
// of other modules.
type Name struct {
name string
// String returns the name string.
func (n Name) String() string { return }
// RegisterName registers a module name and returns it.
// It's the only way to construct new Name instances. Panics if such name was
// already registered.
func RegisterName(name string) Name {
if registered.Has(name) {
panic(fmt.Sprintf("module name %q has already been registered", name))
if registered == nil {
registered = stringset.New(1)
return Name{name}
// Dependency represents a dependency on a module.
// It can be either required or optional. If a module A declares a require
// dependency on another module B, then A cannot function without B at all. Also
// B will be initialized before A.
// If the dependency on B is optional, A will start even if B is not present.
// But if B is present, it will be initialized before A.
// Dependency cycles result in an undefined order of initialization.
type Dependency struct {
name Name
required bool
// Required declares a required dependency.
func RequiredDependency(dep Name) Dependency {
return Dependency{name: dep, required: true}
// OptionalDependency declares an optional dependency.
func OptionalDependency(dep Name) Dependency {
return Dependency{name: dep, required: false}
// Dependency is the name of a module to depend on.
func (d Dependency) Dependency() Name { return }
// Required is true if this is a required dependency.
func (d Dependency) Required() bool { return d.required }