layout: docs title: Typography description: Documentation and examples for Bootstrap typography, including global settings, headings, body text, lists, and more. group: content toc: true

Global settings

Bootstrap sets basic global display, typography, and link styles. When more control is needed, check out the [textual utility classes]({{ site.baseurl }}/docs/{{ site.docs_version }}/utilities/text/).

  • Use a [native font stack]({{ site.baseurl }}/docs/{{ site.docs_version }}/content/reboot/#native-font-stack) that selects the best font-family for each OS and device.
  • For a more inclusive and accessible type scale, we assume the browser default root font-size (typically 16px) so visitors can customize their browser defaults as needed.
  • Use the $font-family-base, $font-size-base, and $line-height-base attributes as our typographic base applied to the <body>.
  • Set the global link color via $link-color and apply link underlines only on :hover.
  • Use $body-bg to set a background-color on the <body> (#fff by default).

These styles can be found within _reboot.scss, and the global variables are defined in _variables.scss. Make sure to set $font-size-base in rem.

Headings

All HTML headings, <h1> through <h6>, are available.

{% highlight html %}

.h1 through .h6 classes are also available, for when you want to match the font styling of a heading but cannot use the associated HTML element.

{% capture example %}

Customizing headings

Use the included utility classes to recreate the small secondary heading text from Bootstrap 3.

{% highlight html %}

Display headings

Traditional heading elements are designed to work best in the meat of your page content. When you need a heading to stand out, consider using a display heading—a larger, slightly more opinionated heading style.

{% highlight html %}

Lead

Make a paragraph stand out by adding .lead.

{% capture example %}

Inline text elements

Styling for common inline HTML5 elements.

{% capture example %}

.mark and .small classes are also available to apply the same styles as <mark> and <small> while avoiding any unwanted semantic implications that the tags would bring.

While not shown above, feel free to use <b> and <i> in HTML5. <b> is meant to highlight words or phrases without conveying additional importance while <i> is mostly for voice, technical terms, etc.

Text utilities

Change text alignment, transform, style, weight, and color with our [text utilities]({{ site.baseurl }}/docs/{{ site.docs_version }}/utilities/text/) and [color utilities]({{ site.baseurl }}/docs/{{ site.docs_version }}/utilities/colors/).

Abbreviations

Stylized implementation of HTML's <abbr> element for abbreviations and acronyms to show the expanded version on hover. Abbreviations have a default underline and gain a help cursor to provide additional context on hover and to users of assistive technologies.

Add .initialism to an abbreviation for a slightly smaller font-size.

{% capture example %}

Blockquotes

For quoting blocks of content from another source within your document. Wrap <blockquote class="blockquote"> around any HTML as the quote.

{% capture example %}

Naming a source

Add a <footer class="blockquote-footer"> for identifying the source. Wrap the name of the source work in <cite>.

{% capture example %}

Alignment

Use text utilities as needed to change the alignment of your blockquote.

{% capture example %}

{% capture example %}

Lists

Unstyled

Remove the default list-style and left margin on list items (immediate children only). This only applies to immediate children list items, meaning you will need to add the class for any nested lists as well.

{% capture example %}

Inline

Remove a list's bullets and apply some light margin with a combination of two classes, .list-inline and .list-inline-item.

{% capture example %}

Description list alignment

Align terms and descriptions horizontally by using our grid system's predefined classes (or semantic mixins). For longer terms, you can optionally add a .text-truncate class to truncate the text with an ellipsis.

{% capture example %}

Responsive typography

Responsive typography refers to scaling text and components by simply adjusting the root element‘s font-size within a series of media queries. Bootstrap doesn’t do this for you, but it's fairly easy to add if you need it.

Here's an example of it in practice. Choose whatever font-sizes and media queries you wish.

{% highlight scss %} html { font-size: 1rem; }

@include media-breakpoint-up(sm) { html { font-size: 1.2rem; } }

@include media-breakpoint-up(md) { html { font-size: 1.4rem; } }

@include media-breakpoint-up(lg) { html { font-size: 1.6rem; } } {% endhighlight %}