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<h1 class="settitle">Installing GCC: Old documentation</h1>
<h1 align="center">Old installation documentation</h1>
<p>Note most of this information is out of date and superseded by the
previous chapters of this manual. It is provided for historical
reference only, because of a lack of volunteers to merge it into the
main manual.
<p>Here is the procedure for installing GCC on a GNU or Unix system.
<ol type=1 start=1>
<li>If you have chosen a configuration for GCC which requires other GNU
tools (such as GAS or the GNU linker) instead of the standard system
tools, install the required tools in the build directory under the names
<samp><span class="file">as</span></samp>, <samp><span class="file">ld</span></samp> or whatever is appropriate.
<p>Alternatively, you can do subsequent compilation using a value of the
<code>PATH</code> environment variable such that the necessary GNU tools come
before the standard system tools.
<li>Specify the host, build and target machine configurations. You do this
when you run the <samp><span class="file">configure</span></samp> script.
<p>The <dfn>build</dfn> machine is the system which you are using, the
<dfn>host</dfn> machine is the system where you want to run the resulting
compiler (normally the build machine), and the <dfn>target</dfn> machine is
the system for which you want the compiler to generate code.
<p>If you are building a compiler to produce code for the machine it runs
on (a native compiler), you normally do not need to specify any operands
to <samp><span class="file">configure</span></samp>; it will try to guess the type of machine you are on
and use that as the build, host and target machines. So you don't need
to specify a configuration when building a native compiler unless
<samp><span class="file">configure</span></samp> cannot figure out what your configuration is or guesses
<p>In those cases, specify the build machine's <dfn>configuration name</dfn>
with the <samp><span class="option">--host</span></samp> option; the host and target will default to be
the same as the host machine.
<p>Here is an example:
<pre class="smallexample"> ./configure --host=sparc-sun-sunos4.1
<p>A configuration name may be canonical or it may be more or less
<p>A canonical configuration name has three parts, separated by dashes.
It looks like this: &lsquo;<samp><var>cpu</var><span class="samp">-</span><var>company</var><span class="samp">-</span><var>system</var></samp>&rsquo;.
(The three parts may themselves contain dashes; <samp><span class="file">configure</span></samp>
can figure out which dashes serve which purpose.) For example,
&lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">m68k-sun-sunos4.1</span></samp>&rsquo; specifies a Sun 3.
<p>You can also replace parts of the configuration by nicknames or aliases.
For example, &lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">sun3</span></samp>&rsquo; stands for &lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">m68k-sun</span></samp>&rsquo;, so
&lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">sun3-sunos4.1</span></samp>&rsquo; is another way to specify a Sun 3.
<p>You can specify a version number after any of the system types, and some
of the CPU types. In most cases, the version is irrelevant, and will be
ignored. So you might as well specify the version if you know it.
<p>See <a href="#Configurations">Configurations</a>, for a list of supported configuration names and
notes on many of the configurations. You should check the notes in that
section before proceeding any further with the installation of GCC.
<p><h2><a name="Configurations"></a>Configurations Supported by GCC</h2><a name="index-configurations-supported-by-GCC-1"></a>
Here are the possible CPU types:
<!-- gmicro, fx80, spur and tahoe omitted since they don't work. -->
1750a, a29k, alpha, arm, avr, c<var>n</var>, clipper, dsp16xx, elxsi, fr30, h8300,
hppa1.0, hppa1.1, i370, i386, i486, i586, i686, i786, i860, i960, ip2k, m32r,
m68000, m68k, m6811, m6812, m88k, mcore, mips, mipsel, mips64, mips64el,
mn10200, mn10300, ns32k, pdp11, powerpc, powerpcle, romp, rs6000, sh, sparc,
sparclite, sparc64, v850, vax, we32k.
<p>Here are the recognized company names. As you can see, customary
abbreviations are used rather than the longer official names.
<!-- What should be done about merlin, tek*, dolphin? -->
acorn, alliant, altos, apollo, apple, att, bull,
cbm, convergent, convex, crds, dec, dg, dolphin,
elxsi, encore, harris, hitachi, hp, ibm, intergraph, isi,
mips, motorola, ncr, next, ns, omron, plexus,
sequent, sgi, sony, sun, tti, unicom, wrs.
<p>The company name is meaningful only to disambiguate when the rest of
the information supplied is insufficient. You can omit it, writing
just &lsquo;<samp><var>cpu</var><span class="samp">-</span><var>system</var></samp>&rsquo;, if it is not needed. For example,
&lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">vax-ultrix4.2</span></samp>&rsquo; is equivalent to &lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">vax-dec-ultrix4.2</span></samp>&rsquo;.
<p>Here is a list of system types:
386bsd, aix, acis, amigaos, aos, aout, aux, bosx, bsd, clix, coff, ctix, cxux,
dgux, dynix, ebmon, ecoff, elf, esix, freebsd, hms, genix, gnu, linux,
linux-gnu, hiux, hpux, iris, irix, isc, luna, lynxos, mach, minix, msdos, mvs,
netbsd, newsos, nindy, ns, osf, osfrose, ptx, riscix, riscos, rtu, sco, sim,
solaris, sunos, sym, sysv, udi, ultrix, unicos, uniplus, unos, vms, vsta,
vxworks, winnt, xenix.
<p class="noindent">You can omit the system type; then <samp><span class="file">configure</span></samp> guesses the
operating system from the CPU and company.
<p>You can add a version number to the system type; this may or may not
make a difference. For example, you can write &lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">bsd4.3</span></samp>&rsquo; or
&lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">bsd4.4</span></samp>&rsquo; to distinguish versions of BSD. In practice, the version
number is most needed for &lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">sysv3</span></samp>&rsquo; and &lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">sysv4</span></samp>&rsquo;, which are often
treated differently.
<p>&lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">linux-gnu</span></samp>&rsquo; is the canonical name for the GNU/Linux target; however
GCC will also accept &lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">linux</span></samp>&rsquo;. The version of the kernel in use is
not relevant on these systems. A suffix such as &lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">libc1</span></samp>&rsquo; or &lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">aout</span></samp>&rsquo;
distinguishes major versions of the C library; all of the suffixed versions
are obsolete.
<p>If you specify an impossible combination such as &lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">i860-dg-vms</span></samp>&rsquo;,
then you may get an error message from <samp><span class="file">configure</span></samp>, or it may
ignore part of the information and do the best it can with the rest.
<samp><span class="file">configure</span></samp> always prints the canonical name for the alternative
that it used. GCC does not support all possible alternatives.
<p>Often a particular model of machine has a name. Many machine names are
recognized as aliases for CPU/company combinations. Thus, the machine
name &lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">sun3</span></samp>&rsquo;, mentioned above, is an alias for &lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">m68k-sun</span></samp>&rsquo;.
Sometimes we accept a company name as a machine name, when the name is
popularly used for a particular machine. Here is a table of the known
machine names:
3300, 3b1, 3b<var>n</var>, 7300, altos3068, altos,
apollo68, att-7300, balance,
convex-c<var>n</var>, crds, decstation-3100,
decstation, delta, encore,
fx2800, gmicro, hp7<var>nn</var>, hp8<var>nn</var>,
hp9k2<var>nn</var>, hp9k3<var>nn</var>, hp9k7<var>nn</var>,
hp9k8<var>nn</var>, iris4d, iris, isi68,
m3230, magnum, merlin, miniframe,
mmax, news-3600, news800, news, next,
pbd, pc532, pmax, powerpc, powerpcle, ps2, risc-news,
rtpc, sun2, sun386i, sun386, sun3,
sun4, symmetry, tower-32, tower.
<p class="noindent">Remember that a machine name specifies both the cpu type and the company
If you want to install your own homemade configuration files, you can
use &lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">local</span></samp>&rsquo; as the company name to access them. If you use
configuration &lsquo;<samp><var>cpu</var><span class="samp">-local</span></samp>&rsquo;, the configuration name
without the cpu prefix
is used to form the configuration file names.
<p>Thus, if you specify &lsquo;<samp><span class="samp">m68k-local</span></samp>&rsquo;, configuration uses
files <samp><span class="file"></span></samp>, <samp><span class="file">local.h</span></samp>, <samp><span class="file">m68k.c</span></samp>,
<samp><span class="file">xm-local.h</span></samp>, <samp><span class="file">t-local</span></samp>, and <samp><span class="file">x-local</span></samp>, all in the
directory <samp><span class="file">config/m68k</span></samp>.
<hr />
<p><a href="./index.html">Return to the GCC Installation page</a>
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